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CHAP. IX.

|| shall be meat for you; even e as the green Tbe Lord blesses Noah and his family; grants them additionally flesh for food; prohibits then from eating blood; and requires that murderers should be punished with death, 1-7. His Covenant with Noah and his posterity, of which the rainbow was constituted a pledge, 8-17. Noah's family and employment, 18-20. His drunkenness, and the different behavior of

Il 5 And surely your blood of your lives his sops; with his prophecy, age, and death, 21-29.

A ND God a blessed Noah and his sons, will I require: at the hand of every Al and said unto them, o Be fruitful beast will I require it, and hat the hand and multiply, and replenish the carth. of man; at the hand of every man's

2 And the fear of you, and the dread brother will I require the life of man. of you, shall be upon every beast of thil 6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, j by earth, and upon every fowl of the air, 1 man shall his blood be shed: for k in the upon all that moveth upon the earth, and image of God made he man. • upon all the fishes of the sea; into your e 1:29,30. Rom. 14:3,14,17. Ili Acts 17:26.

Cor. 10:25,31. Col. 2:16,21,22. j Ex. 21:12-14. Lev. 24:17. hand are they delivered.

I Lov. 3:17. 17:10-14. 19:26. 1 Kings 2:5,6,29-34. Matt. 3 d Every moving thing that liveth || Deut. 12:16,23. 14:21. 18:23. 26:62. Rom. 134. Rev. 19:

Acts 15:20,29. 1 Tim. 4:4. 10.
A 1:28. 24:60. Is. 51:2.
Hos. 2:18. Jam. 3:7.
g Ex. 21:28,29.

k 1:26,27. 5:1. Ps. 51:4. Jam b7,19. 8:17. 10:32. d Lev. 11: 22:8. Deut. 12:15.

h 4:9,10. Num. 35:31-33. 3:9. : 1:28. Lev. 26:6,22. Job 5:22, 14:3-21. Acts 10:12-15. 11 Deut. 21:1-9. Ps. 9:12.

23. Ps. 8:4-8. 104:20-23. Tim. 4:3-5. however numerous, powerful, and haughty they cause they were the appointed progenitors of may be; and also “to deliver the godly out of a new race of men; (Note, 1:28.) and he added temptation” in the best time and manner, several things, both for warning and encour. though few, despised, and helpless. (2 Pet. 2:9.) | agement, adapted to their situation. The doFor a season he seems to forget his afflicted|| minion over the animal creation, which had children, and they are prone to judge accord- || been forfeited by sin, was again conceded; yet ing to appearances; but in due season he will with some variation from the original grant. manifest his kind and careful remembrance of It is probable, that the subjection of the anithem.-The devoted servant of God will make | mals before the fall, was voluntary, and that haste to keep his commandments; and patiently || by instinct they regarded man as a friend: but wait his time for deliverance and promised || since that event, it hath been more the result blessings.-The faithfulness of God is the best of fear; most of them dreading him as a powsecurity; and it is given to all them that trust erful enemy, whom they must either submit to in him: for his glory is engaged for their salva- |or flee from. We continually witness the fultion as much as for Noah's preservation.—Alas! filment of this promise, among creatures of all how many are there in the visible church, who sorts. The ease with which horses are managresemble the raven more than the dove! who ed, notwithstanding their strength and spirit, retain a relish for worldly things under a reli and the severity with which they are treated; gious appearance; and who, “in time of temp and the safety with which large droves of oxen tacion fall away!” But the true Christian, par- || are goaded forward, frequently by a single taking of the Spirit of Christ, may indeed, / youth, who, conscious of his superiority, fears through temptation, for a season quit the ark not them whilst they stand in awe of him; are and go to the world; but, like the dove, he can circumstances which would be deemed very find no rest till he returns to the Lord. They wonderful, were they not so common; but they who are saved from destruction, must on earth are seldom considered as effected by the power, witness the desolations which sin makes, with and as proving the faithfulness and goodness, aching hearts and weeping eyes; and in many ll of God. Even the most savage of the wild things share in them. But the consolations of beasts have been, and are, tamed or subdued God will counterbalance these sorrows: and in by man, and have an instinctive dread of him; heaven all tears shall be wiped away; so that sħunning populous places, and retreating into even the destruction of the wicked will in no forests and deserts; lying still all the day while wise abate the perfect felicity of the right man is abroad, roaming forth when he retires eous.--The mercy of God, the sacrifice ofl to rest; and seldom injuring him unless pinched Christ, and the grace of the Holy Spirit, cause by hunger, or provoked by opposition. (Note, the difference between those who are saved, Ps. 104:20–23.) Were this instinctive fear and those who perish: and the first use which removed, and should the animals, couscious of we should make of deliverances from trouble, their force, rise in general rebellion, what con is to return thanks to God for his mercy, sol fusion and devastation must ensue! emnly to devote ourselves to him and his ser V. 3, 4. Perhaps, before the flood men had vice, and to seek anew his providential protec-| taken the liberly of eating flesh; but it seems tion and gracious blessing. Nor can that be not to have been explicitly allowed: the grant wasted, whether of our valued property or more however, here given, fully warrants our use of valuable time, which is expended in the service the animals for food, but not the abuse of them of God, according to his appointment. Finally, by intemperance or cruelty. This is not here the divine authority of the Scripture, as well limited to any kind of animals; so that the disas the faithfulness of God, is demonstrated in tinction of clean and unclean must relate to the regular course of the seasons of the year. the use of them in sacrifice: and the eating oi May we therefore admire the goodness of the blood seems principally to have been prohibit. Lord, trust his providence, receive all from his ed, because blood typified the great atonement. love, and use all to his glory.

(Notes, Acts 15:19–29. Marg. Ref. f.) Yet

this restriction might be intended as a check NOTES.

to cruelty; lest men, inured to shed and feed Chap. IX. V. 1, 2. It is not said, in

upon the blood of animals, should grow unfeelmanner the Lord revealed himself to No . 1 ing, and be the less shocked at the idea of his sons: but he renewed to them the 67. 1 shedding human blood. pronounced originally on our first parens

V. 5, 6. From this energetic declaration it

in whi to Noah an

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7 And you, be ye fruitful, and multi-|| nant which ia between me and you, and ply, bring forth abundantly in the earth, every living creature of all flesh; and and multiply therein.

' the waters shall no more become a flood 8.1 And God spake unto Noah, and to to destroy all flesh. his sons with him, saying,

16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; 9 And I, behold i, 'establish my cov- and I will look upon it, that I may reenant with you, and with your seed after member the severlasting covenant, beyou;

tween God and every living creature of 10 And m with every living creature all flesh, that is upon the earth. that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, l 17 And God said unto Noah, This is and of every beast of the earth with you, the token of the covenant, which I have from all that go out of the ark, to every established between me and all Aesh that beast of the earth.

is upon the earth. 11 And I will establish my covenant 18 | And the sons of Noah, that went with you; neither shall all flesh be cut forth of the ark, * were Shem, and Ham, off any more by the waters of a flood: and Japheth: and “Ham is the father of neither shall there any more be a flood * Canaan. to destroy the earth.

| 19 These are the three sons of Noah: 12 And God said, This is o the token and * of them was the whole earth overof the covenant which I make between spread. me and you, and every living creature | 20 | And Noah began to be y an husthat is with you, for perpetual genera-bandman, and he planted a vineyard. tions:

21 And he drank of the wine, and 13 I do set P my bow in the cloud, and ? was drunken, aand he was uncovered it shall be for a token of a covenant be- || within his tent. tween me and the earth.

22 And b Ham the father of Canaan 14 And it shall come to pass, when I saw the nakedness of his father, and told bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow | his two brethren without. shall be seen in the cloud:

rls. 54:3—10.

| 26:9. 19:32–36. Prov. 2011.

s 17:13,19. 2 Sam. 23:5. Is. 55: 23:31,32. Ec. 7:20. Luke 21: 15 And I will I remember my cove 3. Jer. 32:40. Heb. 13:20.

t 5:32. 10:1. 111,17. 6:18. 17:7,8. Is. 64:9, , 2:12. Matt. 26:26–28. 1 Cor.

u 10:6.

b 25. 10:6,15—19. i Chr. 1:8,13 10. 11:23-25.

* Heb. Chenaan, |

| m 3:1. Ps. 145:9. Jon. 4:11.

-16. Ez. 1:28. Rev. 4:3. 10:1.

1 x 8:17. 10:2–32. 1 Chr. 1:

4 2 Sam. 1:19,20. Ps. 35:21. n 7:21-23. 8:21,22. 2 Pet. 3:19 Ex. 28:12. Lev. 26:42–45. |

28.

Prov. 30:17. Ob. 12, 13. 1 Cor. 11. Ps. 106:45. Jer. 14:21. Ez.

I y 3:18,19,23. 4:2. 5:29. 16.00. Luke 1:72.

Prov. o 17:11. Ex. 12:13. 13:16. Josh.

13:6. 12:11. Ec, 5:9.

34. Rom. 13:13. Gal. 5:21. a Hab. 2:16. Rev. 3:18.

certainly follows, that wilful murder ought in- || first created, is defaced, yet the natural image variably in all communities to be punished with || remains: and it is the most daring act of rebeldeath; whatever form it assumes, or however it | lion against God to assault his visible image on may, by specious pretences, be extenuated: and earth, and destroy the life which he communithat God will himself require it of those, who || cated. It is observable that the reason, given suffer the murderer to escape; so that the pun- il for the punishment of the murderer with death, ishment due to murder will, in some way, be || is taken from the affront which he offers to inflicted on them, as accessaries to the crime. God, not from the injury which he does to This implies, that magistrates should be ap- man. pointed, who might punish murderers with y. 9—17. The word, rendered covenant, death; though in the case of Cain the Lord had sometimes means a reciprocal agreement bebeen pleased to prohibit all men from slaying tween two or more parties; and at other times him. (Notes, 4:13–15. 2 Sam. 12:13.) Per a positive engagement made by one party, haps the impious inhabitants of the old world without any stipulation being required of the had been emboldened by the example of Cain; 1) other: that established with Noah was of and no intimation is given, that any murderer || the latter sort. To obviate the fears of him was punished with death during all that period and his posterity, the Lord engaged, that he of violence. To impress the greater horror || would drown the earth no more, notwithstandof destroying man's life, it was enjoined that ing man's wickedness.- Probably, the rainbow even the beast which killed a man should be had appeared before the flood, being the effect put to death. (Note, Ex. 21:28–32.)-It is al of natural causes: but it was now appointed to subject for serious inquiry, to all who are cor- || a new use, and made a seal and pledge of a dially affected to the welfare of these nations, || particular engagement. This was confirmed how far national guilt is contracted, when so by an everlasting covenant, or one which shall many are suffered to elude justice, who commit never be abolished. (Note, 17:7,8.) Without coilfül, deliberate murder in duels; whilst many revelation this gracious assurance could not be thieves are put to death, a punishment which | known; and without faith it can be of no uso God never commanded to be inflicted on them, to us: and thus it is in respect of a still greater and perhaps does not approve. The connivance and more imminent danger, to which all are also of British rulers in India at the murders | exposed; and to the new covenant, with its committed by the inhabitants, in their idolatry blessings and securities, which in these events and idolatrous customs, should not be forgotten. I was prefigured. (Marg. Ref.) (Num. 35:33. 2 Kings 21:16. 24:4.) Though I V. 19. Of them, &c.] This precludes the the moral image of God, in which man was at conjecture, that Noah himself had other chil.

23 And Shem and Japheth took a gar-|| 26 And he said, 6 Blessed be " the LORD ment, and laid it upon both their shoul- | God of Shem; and Canaan shall be * his ders, d and went backward, and covered | servant. the nakedness of their father; and their 27 God shall + enlarge Japheth, and faces were backward, and they saw not he shall i dwell in the tents of Shem; and their father's nakedness.

Canaan shall be his servant. (Practical Observations.)

| 28 | And Noah lived after the flood 24 And Noah awoke from his wine, three hundred and fifty years. and knew what his younger son had done 29 And all the days of Noah were unto him.

nine hundred and fifty years: and he 25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan;|| died.

g Deut. 33:26. Ps. 144:15.

Or, persuade.

h 11:10_26. 12:1-3.-Luke 3: | i Mal. 1:11. Eph. 2:14,19.36 brethren.

83_36. Sem. Heb. 11:16. lk 6.5,20,27,32. 11:11-25 d Ex. 20:12. Lev. 19:32. Rom. 16. 28:18. Matt. 25:41.

* Or, servant to them. 27:37,40. 13:7. Gal. 6:1. 1 Tim. 5:17,19. f Josh. 9:23,27. Judg. 1:28-30. 1 Pet. 2:17. 4:8.

| 1 Kings 9:20,21. 2 Chr. 8:7,8. e 22. 3:14. 4:11. 49:7. Deut. 27:

an

dren, though he lived above three hundred with dreadful destruction by the Greeks and years after the flood.

Romans. The whole continent of Africa was V. 20—23. When Noah, after the deluge, ll peopled principally by the descendants of Ham: began again to cultivate the earth, he planted and for how many ages have the better parts a vineyard, made wine, and was betrayed into | 'of that country lain under the dominion of the excess. Some have thought that wine was now •Romans, and then of the Saracens, and now of first made of grapes, and that Noah, not aware | the Turks! In what wickedness, ignorance, of its effects, was surprised into drunkenness. | barbarity, slavery, misery, live most of the -But this is highly improbable; for even in the l'inhabitants! and of the poor negroes, how many most savage tribes, the art of making intoxi- |'hundreds every year are sold and bought, like cating liquors is known: and though a man beasts in the market; and conveyed from one might plant two or three vines, for the sake of 'quarter of the world, to do the work of beasts the grapes; who ever “planted a vineyard,ex- | 'in another!' Bp. Newton. This, however, in cept for the sake of wine? Indeed, the fact no measure vindicates the covetous and barbar. seems recorded by the inspired historian, with lous oppression of those, who thus enrich themthat perfect impartiality, which is peculiar to selves with the products of their sweat and the Scripture, as an instance and evidence of blood. God has not commanded us to enslave human frailty and imperfection. Ham appears negroes, as he did Israel to extirpate the Ca. to have been a man of bad character: and prob naanites; and therefore, without doubt, he will ably he rejoiced to find his father in so unbe severely punish this cruel injustice.-True recoming a situation; that, by exposing him, heligion has hitherto flourished very little among might retaliate for the reproofs, which he had re Ham's descendants; they remain to this day ceived from his parental authority: and perhaps almost entire strangers to Christianity; and Canaan first discovered Noah's situation, and their condition in every age has remarkably told it to Ham. In that case, the event must coincided with this prediction. (Notes, Ez. 26: have occurred several years after the flood; 11-32:) "There never has been à son of Ham, for there were but eight persons in the ark, who has shaken a sceptre over the head of and consequently Ham had no children at that Japheth. Shem hath subdued Japheth, and Jatime. The conduct of Ham in exposing his pheth subdued Shem: but Ham never subdued father to bis brethren, and their behavior in either.' Mede. This must be understood, with turning away from the sight of his disgrace, some exceptions in the first ages of the world: form a striking contrast. (Marg. Ref.) for the Egyptians enslaved Israel, and it is re

V. 24, 25. This portion of Scripture, though corded that they made extensive conquests in attended with some difficulties, evidently con- | Asia. (2 Chr. 12:2-4.) Nimrod, it also seems tains a remarkable prophecy, which was re probable, subjugated and tyrannized over the corded for the encouragement of the Israelites, descendants of Shem, when he "went to Ashur in warring against the devoted Canaanites. and built Nineveh." (Note, 10:8-12.) There is no authority for altering the text, and V. 26. The descendants of Shem, in the line reading as some do, “Cursed be Ham the father of Arphaxad, Eber, and Peleg, included all the of Canaan:" yet the frequent mention of Ham, posterity of Abraham; and the Lord Jesus, in as the father of Canaan, suggests the thought, whom all the nations of the earth are blessed," that the latter was also criminal. Iam is sprang from him.-Thus Jehovah was especially thought to have been the second, and not the "the God of Shem.” His descendants com. youngest, son of Noah: (Note, 10:1.) and if so, prised a vast majority of the worshippers of the the words, “knew what his younger son had true God, till the coming of Christ; and afterdone,” refer to Canaan his grandson.-Ham wards they were the first and principal instrumust have felt it a very mortifying rebuke, ments of bringing other nations to share the when his own father was inspired on this occa blessings of his salvation; so that the descen. sion, to predict the durable oppression and dants of the other sons of Noah, when converted slavery of his posterity: Canaan also was re to Christianity, are taught to worship and bless buked, by learning that the curse would es Jehovan the God of Shem.” (Note, Zech, 8: pecially rest on that branch of the family, which 20_-23. –The posterity of Abraham also sub. should descend from him: for his posterity were jugated'or destroyed the posterity of Canaan; no doubt principally, though not exclusively in- land the nations, which sprang from Shem by tended. The devoted nations, which God de- | his other sons, have prospered greatly, enjoyed stroyed before Israel, were descended from fruitful countries, and been far more civilized Canaan: and so were the Phenicians and the than the race of Ham. Carthaginians, who were at length subjugated il V. 27. Japheth seems to have been the pro

CHAP. X.

3 And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, The posterity of Noah, by Japheth, 1–5; by Ham, with some and Riphath, and Togarmah. particulars concerning Nimrod, and the descendants of Canaan, 6–20; by Shem, 21-32.

4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and N OW these a are the generations of the Tarshish, < Kitiim, and * Dodanim. I sons of Noah; Shem, Ham, and Ja-l 5 By these were the disles of the Genpheth: and into them were sons born after tiles divided in their lands; every one the flood.

le after his tongue, after their families, in 2 | The bsons of Japheth; Gomer, and their nations. Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tu- Num. 24:24. Is. 23:1,12. Dan. | 41:5. 42:4,10. 49:1. 51:5. Jer.

11:30. Chittim.

2:10. 25:22. Zeph. 2:11. bal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

* Or, Rodanim.

e 20. 11:1-9. a 2:4. 5:1. 69. hiche: 11:5—7. Is. 66:19.

| Ez. 27:7,12-14,19. 38:2,6. 39: | 25. Ps. 72:10. Is. 24:15. 40:15.

1. Rev. 20:8. genitor of above half the human race: and the further wickedness, of various kinds, in them. principal success of the gospel, in the calling | selves and others. But, though the righteous of the Gentiles, has hitherto been among his fall, he shall not be utterly cast down; nor is a descendants. (Notes, 10:1-5. Thus God has single act of sin, inadvertently committed, to enlarged Japheih, and persuaded him, (as some be looked upon in the same light, as allowed render the word, marg.) “to dwell in the tents and habitual transgression: the former may be of Shem,” by receiving the Gospel from preach the blemish of the saint, the latter is the brand ers of Abraham's race, who descended from of the hypocrite.--In honoring parents, magisShem; and so obtaining admission into the trates, seniors, and other honorable characchurch...The descendants of Japheth have also ters, we ought to imitate the example of Shem obtained that dominion, under the Grecian and and Japheth; not only respecting their wisdom Roman Empires, and in subsequent ages, which and goodness, but covering their incidental was for a long time chiefly possessed by the blemishes and failures: for a peculiar blessing posterity of Shem. Indeed, even a general belongs to those who act in this manner; but knowledge of the outlines of history will suf an awful curse awaits such as copy the pattern fice to satisfy the serious inquirer, that the of Canaan or Ham, in their conduct towards descendants of Canaan have been subjected to those whom God has commanded them to honor. those of Shem and Japheth, through many gen

V. 24-29. erations: and the extraordinary accomplish We should carefully observe, and continually ment of this prediction, which contains almost keep in mind, how fully these prophecies, so a prophetic history of the world, vindicates evidently fulfilling in all nations and ages, deNoah from the suspicion of having uttered it monstrate the divine original of the Bible; that from personal resentment; and fully proves that we may receive the instructions and commands the Spirit of God took occasion, from Ham's of God, with more implicit faith and obedience. misconduct, to reveal his secret purposes, for Thus we shall learn our guilt and danger; and, a very important benefit to posterity even to | fleeing from the wrath and curse which is comthis day. (Notes, 48: 49:)

ing on the impenitent and unbelieving, we shall

embrace the invitations of the gospel, accept PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. of its precious salvation, rely on the security V. 1-23.

of the new Covenant, and patiently wait for The blessing of God is the real cause of pros- | the blessings, which will assuredly be conferred perity, personal, relative, and national.-With on all believers. Then we shall be safe in those what thankfulness should we receive that im wasting calamities, which sweep others into mense advantage, ease, and pleasure, which re. destruction: and, though what we witness or sult from the labor of the domestic animals, experience may give us great pain, and may and which the flesh of so many creatures af-| even afford lamentable proof of our weakness fords us; and the security that we enjoy from the and depravity; yet we shall be carried through assaults of the noxious and ferocious, through all trials and temptations, and overcome all our the fear and dread of man which God hath im- || enemies; we shall be made instruments of good pressed upon them!-But, though God has con- | to others; and at length find, that all the promstituted us masters, he will call us to an awful ises of the Scripture have been fulfilled to us, account if we act as tyrants; and avenge the and all our prayers that were grounded on them cause of his oppressed creatures upon their have been completely answered. "O LORD oppressors.-How greatly then should we dread | God of hosts, blessed is the man that putteth murder, and all those passions which produce his trust in thee!” that enormous crime! Though the murderer may escape, or bribe, or outbrave, human jus

NOTES. tice; yet, except he repent, be shall never es CHAP. X. v. 1. Shem, the progenitor of cape the vengeance of God.-The Lord takes | Abraham, and of the Messiah, is constantly care to ohviate the fears and anxieties of his placed first, when the sons of Noah are enumerpeople; and we should copy the example of his ated; and Japheth last: yet it is generally supkindness in this and in every other instance.- | posed that Japheth was the eldest son of Noah, But what is man in his best estate! “Let him and Shein the youngest. (21.) Accordingly, in that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he this chapter, the posterity of Japheth are first fall:" and let not him, who has triumphed over mentioned.-After the flood.) This confirms the great temptations, be secure even in respect of supposition, that Noah's sons had no children such as are less; for they who have behaved till after the flood. well in the worst of company, and amidst the v. 2-5. The sacred writer was about to worst examples, are not safe even in solitude. enter upon the history of Abraham and his Let us then watch and pray, and not be high-|| family, to which his narrative would afterwards minded, but fear; and remember that drunken- be principally confined: but before he did this, ness is a sin especially to be shunned, as it both he was led to give a general account of the exposes men to shame, and is an occasion of several branches of Noah's family, from which

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the original of many nations may be distinctly | the Mauritanians.-In short, all Africa is suptraced. And, in like manner, before he enters || posed to have been peopled by Ham's posterity: on the history of Isaac, he gives a brief account besides the Philistines, Canaanites, and Pheni of the descendants of Ishmael, and of Abra- || cians. ham's sons by Keturah; and before he confines IV. 8–12. Nimrod seems at first to have his narrative to Jacob's family, he states some exceedingly distinguished himself by hunting, particulars concerning Esau's posterity. (25: | which was then not so much a diversion, as a 1-18. 36: _This chapter, as a kind of intro- | useful method of preventing the hurtful in. duction to universal history, implies many things crease of wild beasts. This employment reafterwards related. It is supposed by many Iquired great courage and address, and exposed learned men, and shewn at least by probable || a man to much danger and hardship; and thus arguments, that the descendants of Gomer, afforded a field for ambition to aspire after preJapheth's eldest son, settled in the northerneminence, and gradually attached a number of parts of Asia Minor, and then spread into the valiant men to one leader. From such a beCimmerian Bosphorus, and the adjacent regions: Ilginning, it is likely, that Nimrod began to claim and that from them the numerous tribes of the authority, and enforce subjection. In fact, he Gauls, Germans, Celts, and Cimbrians descend-l is the first king, of whom we read in authentic ed. The Scythians, Tartars, and other north-|| history; and afterward he took occasion to wage ern nations, are supposed to be descendants war to extend his conquests, and to enlarge his of Magog, Meshech, and Tubal; the Medes, of acquisitions by violence and blood. Thus, in a Madai; the lonians, and indeed all the Greeks, || daring manner casting off the fear of God, and of Javan; and the Thracians of Tiras. Nearly acting in defiance of his late probibition of all the inhabitants of Europe, and probably of shedding human blood, Nimrod rendered him America, descended from Japheth, besides those self notorious, and his name became a proverb. of the northern regions of Asia.--"The isles of|| When he had erected a kingdom at Babel, whe the Gentiles” generally mean the parts of Eu- went forth out of that land to Asshur, and rope, most known to the ancient inhabitants of builded Nineveh." Thus the words may be Asia. The inhabitants of Britain are in gene- || rendered, (marg.) and this appears to be the ral descended from Japheth, and especially true meaning of 'them; for the descendants of concerned in “the isles of the Gentiles.”—The Ham are spoken of; not those of Shem, who had reader, by examining carefully the marginalla son called Asshur. (22.) Nimrod seems to references, may perceive, in several particu. have been the principal person concernerl, in lars, some of the grounds on which these con- || building both Babylon and Nineveh.—The clusions rest: but it would be improper, in this words translated, the city Rehoboth, are more place, to enter on so complicated a subject. Il properly rendered in the margin the streets o

V. 6, 7. From Cush, the son of Ham, the the city. Little interesting to us is known conEthiopians in Africa, and many tribes in Asia, licerning the other cities here mentioned. (inhabiting part of Arabia, and often improper: The Septuagint render the words translated ly called Ethiopians,) were evidently descended. “a mighty hunter,” yıyas kvynyos, a hunting giant. Mizraim was the ancestor of the Egyptians, ll. 13, 14. The names, being plural, seem to Cyrenians, and Lybians; or (the word being be those of families, not individuals. plural) it may be the general name of the fami- V. 15–19. Several of these tribes are not ly or tribe, whence they sprang; and Phut of|lmentioned among the people, whom the Lord de

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