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CHAP. V.

!! 6 And Seth lived an hundred and B. c. A repeated account of Adam's creation, 1,2. The birth of Seth, || five years, and begat Enos: 3.' The age and death of Adam, 4, 6; Seth, 6-8; Enos, 9— 11; Cainan, 12-14; Mahalaleel, 15-17; and Jared, 18-20. 7 And Seth lived after he begat Enos Enoch walks with God, and is translated, 21-24. The age and death of Methuselab, 25-27; and of Lamech, 28_-31. Anlleight hundred and seven years, and beaccount of Noah, and his sons, 32.

gat sons and daughters: THIS is the a book of the generations 8 And all the days of Seth were nine

I of Adam: in the day that God cre- hundred and twelve years: and he [Boc. ated man, in the likeness of God made died. he him:

9 And Enos lived ninety years, re. c. 2 Male and female created he them; || and begat * Cainan: and blessed them, and called their name|| 10 And Enos lived after he begat Adam, in the day when they were cre- |Cainan eight hundred and fifteen years, ated.

and begat sons and daughters: 3 And Adam lived an hundred and|| Ånd all the days of Enos B... thirty years, and begat a son d in his own were nine hundred and five years: likeness, after his image; and called his and he died. name Seth.

12 And Cainan lived seventy B.C. 4 And 'the days of Adam after he had || years, and begat Mahalaleel. begotten Seth were cight hundred years: | 13 And Cainan lived after he begat and & he begat sons and daughters: Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years,

5 And all the days that Adam lived | and begat sons and daughters: were nine hundred and thirty years: "and || 14 And all the days of Cainan were he died.

Inine hundred and ten years: and be a 2:4. Matt. 1:1. Luke 3:36–38. Rom. 5:12. Eph. 2:3. he died. b 1:20,27. Eph. 4:24. Col. 3:10. j e 4:25. c 2.15. Marg. Acts 17:26. fi Chr. 1:1-3. Luke 3:37,38, | 15 And Mahalaleel lived sixty d Job 14:4. 15:14-16. 25:4. Ps. ' x 7,10,13,19,22,26,30. 1:28. 9:7.

SB. C.

and five years, and begat Jared: [ 3544. 51:5. Luke 1:35. John 3:6.5 3:19. Heb. 9:27.

* Heb. Kenan. the righteous, and that there is a future state | ger and misery: and, as the first city, that is and an eternal recompense to be enjoyed by mentioned in history, was built by Cain, and them, through faith in Christ and his atoning his posterity were the inventors of many useful sacrifice.- When “Cain, who was of that wick arts; so ungodly men still frequently excel, in ed one, slew his brother, because his own works natural ingenuity and skill, those who attend were evil, and his brother's righteous;" then, in to "the one thing needful;" who, however, consequence of the enmity put betwixt the “choose the good part, which shall never be Seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent, || taken from them.” the war broke out, which, in one way or another, hath been waged ever since; and Cain may

NOTES. be considered as the father, the patron, and the CHAP. V. V. 1, 2. This chapter is a brief archetype of proud infidels, Pharisees, formal history of the posterity of Adam, in that line worshippers, and bloody persecutors, of every from which all the human race since the flood age and nation, from the beginning to the end ) is descended: and of them alone; for the imof the world. In this war we are all concern- | mense numbers, which sprang from the other ed: for our Captain hath declared, “He that is | branches of the families, in each generation, not with me, is against me.” Under his banners are barely mentioned. The former chapters therefore let us enlist, and not be fearful and seem also referred to, as the authentic records unbelieving, but take up our cross and follow of the original of the world, and of the human him; and let us earnestly and decidedly, yet race.--ADAM was the name not only of the first meekly, support the cause of truth and right-|| man, but also of the species: it is supposed to eousness against Satan and his servants: and have been derived from the red color of the should we meet with persecution even unto | earth, out of which his body was formed. death, he will certainly give us the crown of V. 3. The distinction between Adam “creeverlasting life. (Rev. 3:21. These are “the ated in the likeness of God," and Seth begotten better things," which the blood of Jesus speak- l in the likeness of Adam after the fall, is very eth, than did that of Abel, who was a type of remarkable. It is generally allowed that Adam him, both in the righteousness of his life and in and Eve were personally pardoned, and recorthe manner of his death: but Abel's blood call ered to holiness: but Adam was no longer the ed for vengeance on him who shed it; while representative of his posterity, as he was when the blood of Christ pleads, before the throne, he transgressed the covenant; thus he commu. for pardon and peace, grace and glory, to those nicated to them that nature which he had as a whose sins procured his death.-But what will || sinner, not the new nature which he had as a it avail the sinner, to deny or excuse his crimes? I believer.-Seth also seems to have been a godto impeach or blaspheme the justice of his lily person; not as begotten by Adam, but as Maker? or impiously to spend the space of his born of the Spirit:" and this seems to have long-suffering in worldly projects, or in mak- been noted in respect of him, lest Cain's wicking himself eminent among his fellow-crea- || edness should be ascribed to other causes, and tures, or terrible to them? For “the wrath of|| Abel's righteousness to the goodness of his natuGod abideth on him:” this will poison all his ral disposition, and not to the grace of God. enjoyments; and heaven, earth, and hell, will || But indeed the character and conduct of all speedily combine, as it were, in effecting his | Seth's posterity, (Christ alone excepted,) plaineverlasting destruction. Indeed, worldly em- || ly testify what that image was in which he was ployments often help men to forget their dan-ll begotten.

V.

16 And Mahalaleel lived after he be-ul. 22 And Enoch k walked with God after gat * Jared eight hundred and thirty he begat Methuselah three hundred years, years, and begat sons and daughters: || and begat sons and daughters.

17 And all the days of Mahalaleel 23 And all the days of Enoch were B. c.7 were eight hundred ninety and five three hundred sixty and five years. 2014.] years: and he died.

| 24 And Enoch walked with God, and B. c. 18 And Jared lived an hundred|| he was not: 'for God took him. 3382. d sixty and two years, and he begat || 25 And Methuselah lived an hundred i Enoch.

eighty and seven years, and begat +La19 And Jared lived after he begat mech. Enoch eight hundred years, and begat || 26 And Methuselah lived after he besons and daughters.

|| gat Lamech seven hundred eighty and 20 And all the days of Jared were two years, and begat sons and daughters. B. c.j nine hundred sixty and two years: 27 And all the days of Methuselah 2632. d and he died. (Practical Observations.] lk 6:9. 17:1. 24:40. 48:15. Lev. 1 Thes. 2:12. 1 Jobo 1:7.

6.7 B. C.7

26:12. Deut. 13:4. Ps. 116.9. 1 1 2 Kings 2:11. Heb. 11:5,6. 21 And Enoch lived sixty and|||

Cant, 1:4. Am. 3:3. Mic, 4:5. | Jude 14,15. 3317. d five years, and begat Methuselah. | 6:8. Mal. 2:6. Luke 1:6. Acts | Heb. Lemech. 4:18. marg.

9:31. 2 Cor. 6:16, Col. 1:10. 1 Heb. Jered. i 4:17. 1 Chr. 1:3. Henoch. Luke 3:37.

4_20. The Greek translation of the walks with him by habitual repentance, and Bible, called the Septuagint, varies from our || "faith in our Lord Jesus Christ;" in a realizing version, (which was made from the Hebrew,) regard to the presence of God in his whole both in this genealogy, and in that which fol conduct; a daily dependence on the promise, Jows. (11:10–26.) În particular, by the addi providence, and grace of God, for all things tion of a hundred years to the age of Adam, needful for soul and body; and a continual and of six of these Patriarchs, before their attention to his word, that from thence he may sons here mentioned were born, and deducting | learn his truth and will, and derive the peace them from the subsequent part of their lives, and comfort of his salvation; by pouring out making the sum total the same. Thus the his heart before the Lord in fervent prayer space between the creation and the deluge is and grateful praise; by a believing, reverenmade seven hundred years more than in our tial, and delightful attendance on all the ordiaccount: and by a similar addition, with other nances of his worship, and an open profession

variations, the space between the deluge and of his faith and love; by a conscientious obedi* the birth of Abraham, is made almost nine hun- | ence to all his commandments, without regard

dred years more. But the original Hebrew is ing the praise or censure of men; by submission best entitled to our confidence: and the differ- ll to his providential appointments; and finally, ence may be ascribed to some mistakes in the by attention to every relative obligation, a numeral letters; or rather, perhaps, to a vanity careful improvement of every talent, a circumin the translators, which has been common in spect conversation, and endeavoring to “adorn many nations, of ascribing a very remote an-|| the doctrine of God our Savior in all things," tiquity to the commencement of their history.-- and to recommend religion to all around him.The individuals here mentioned might not be | The Lord, on his part, answers the expectathe first-born, as Seth was not the eldest son tions of those who walk with him. He supplies of Adam; but the genealogy was continued | their wants, interposes in their emergencies, through them, not only from Adam to Noah, ll and evidences his care of them: he meets them but afterwards even to Christ, “the second || in his ordinances, teaches them from his word, Adam, the Lord from heaven."

answers their prayers, accepts their services: he V. 21–24. “Walking with God,” is a figu-l communicates by his Spirit, wisdom, strength, rative description of the intimate communion, and consolation to their souls, and is indeed their which subsists between a merciful God and Guide, Companion, and Counsellor through life: true believers. “Can two walk together ex and at length he meets them at death, and cept they be agreed?” Amos 3:3. Without || takes them into “his presence, where is fulness coincidence in sentiment, judgment, and dispo- ll of joy.” Thus ends the walk of faith; for sition, there can be no cordial union nor har- thenceforth they walk by sight, and see him mony. But man is naturally propense to those | as he is; being for ever with him, and like him things which God abhors and forbids, and averse in holiness and felicity.-But “Enoch was from those which he loves and commands. |translated, that he should not see death.” Heb. Man's understanding is darkened, his judg- || 11:5,6. In the prime of life, according to those ment perverted, his affections depraved, and times, he was taken from earth to heaven, in his taste vitiated by sin; so that, in almost every || the body, without feeling the rangs of death, thing, his views, his choice, his desires, and “having received this testimony, that he pleaspursuits, are the reverse of those which the ed God.Therefore “he was not” on earth: Scripture requires. Thus he is induced to walk | neither his friends nor his persecutors could contrary to God, to contract guilt, and merit find him. He was a preacher of righteousness; condemnation. A sinner's walk with God, | and, if we may judge by the specimen left on therefore, commences with the change of his record, (Jude 14,15.) his plain and alarming judgment and disposition by divine grace. Then address could not fail greatly to enrage the he begins to repent of his sins, to despise the daring sinners, among whom he lived. But world in comparison of the favor of God, to God effectually rescued him from their malice, chunger and thirst after righteousness," to | testified his approbation of his conduct, and seek forgiveness and acceptance in the way of l gave a convincing proof of the existence of God's appointment, and to devote himself to the invisible world, and of the future state of his love and service, and the pursuit of holi- | recompense. It is possible also that the transness. Having been thus reconciled to God, helation of this holy man might be conferred, in

VOL. 1.

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The worshippers of God intermarry with the ungodly, wickedness

rapidly increases; and the Lord in anger determines to destroy the earth, 1-7. Noah is accepted by God; warned of aa approaching deluge; and instructed to prepare an ark, 8- 21.

B. C.7 were nine hundred sixty and nine |

CHAP. VI. 2348. ] 3. d years: and he died.

28 And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son. 29 And mhe called his name Noah, ||

He implicity obeys, 22. saying, This same shall comfort us, con-|| AND it came to pass, when men began cerning our work and toil of our hands, JA a to multiply on the face of the

because of the ground which the LORD | earth, and daughters were born unto hath cursed.

them, 30 And Lamech lived after he begat 2 That b the sons of God saw the Noah five hundred ninety and five years, daughters of men, that they were fair; and begat sons and daughters.

and they took them wives of all which 31 And all the days of Lamech were they chose. B. c.7 seven hundred seventy and seven 3 And the LORD said, e My spirit shall 2353.] years: and he died.

not always strive with man, for that he B. c. 32 And Noah was five hundred a 1:28.

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'order to shew what should have been common sunmons. Nor have we any cause to regret 'to all, had man persisted in his obedience: a the shortness of our present lives: Abel and 'translation from the earthly to the heavenly

Enoch, the two most favored characters before paradise. Fuller.

the flood, were removed at an earlier period * V. 29. Noah signifies rest, or, refreshing.

than any others whose history is recorded. Perhaps Lamech had respect to the promise,

Were the world less miserable, it could be no (3:15.) and might hope he had obtained the loss to die and go to heaven: nor can it ever promised Seed: but it is more likely that he be gain to live and treasure up wrath by sin: spake by the Spirit of prophecy, which reveal and as the long lives of the antediluvians might ed to him that Noah would be an extraordinary | encourage procrastination and increase preperson; and not only a great comfort to his sumption; so the shortness of our days may parents and relatives amidst their toils and warn us without delay, to hearken to the voice . sorrows, but likewise a great blessing to man- l of God in the gospel. kind; with special reference to the preservation

V. 21–32. of the human species with him in the ark, Man, in his best estate, is altogether vanity. which typified the salvation of sinners by Jesus -He is born, raises up a family, and dies: Christ. He was also thus marked out as the These are his memoirs: all else is a cypher, or progenitor of the promised Seed.--It is gener a blot, except he wALKS with God.--The page ally thought that Noah greatly improved the of history records the splendid actions of the art of husbandry, and so lessened the labor great and illustrious: the report of the day before required in cultivating the earth. (9:20.) proclaims the wealth which some have accu. V 32. Note, 10:1.

mulated and left behind, and of which they are

gone to render an account: the monuments of PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. the dead are often inscribed with pompous tiV. 1-20.

tles and flattering commendations:--but may it, This chapter contains nearly all the history, || with truth, be engraven on my tomb-stone, or that God hath pleased to transmit to us, of the || whispered in the obscurest corner, “He walked antediluvian world which subsisted for the space with God, and was not, for God took him!” and of 1656 years. Considering how long men liv- || so far from envying their distinctions, not even ed and had children before the flood, we may || Enoch's privilege shall be anxiously desired: well suppose that the earth was filled with || but, as one expresses it, inhabitants; and conjecture, with apparent prob *I'll hail the sharpest pangs of death, ability, that there were many flourishing king

Which break my way to God.' Doddridge. doms, many revolutions in states, many mighty

We may also observe that they, who begin achievements and renowned characters, which Il young to walk with God, may expect to walk are all now buried in oblivion: while nothing

W with him long, comfortably, and usefully; and is recorded but what relates to the holy seed. || the true Christian's perseverance in holiness, among whom true religion was maintained, and || through many a year, till God takes him, will who doubtless were despised and hated in their best evince and illustrate that doctrine, which generation. In the judgment of God, the saints

many oppose, and others pervert.-But walkare the only excellent and eminent persons,

ing with God requires no monkish celibacy and and true religion the grand concern, on earth;

solitude: it well consists with the cares and compared with which, all things else are scarce

comforts, and much consists in the conscienly worth mentioning.–The power of God alone,

tious performance of the duties, of social and "in whom we live, and move, and have our be

relative life.--As, however, we need better ing," could preserve the curious fabric of the

comforters under our toil and sorrow, than the human body for the few years, now allotted to dearest relations and most promising offspring, us; and the same power would suffice to pre

may we seek and find the comforts of faith in serve it to the age of Methuselah, or for ever. Is Christ, and of joy in the Holy Ghost! Man lives as long as his Creator pleases, and

NOTES. no longer; which should warn us not to provoke || CHAP. VI. V. 1, 2. The spiritual worshipbim, but to be prepared for and expecting our l pers of God are his children; and this honorable

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also is flesh: yet his days shall be an 6 And it mrepented the Lord that lie hundred and twenty years.

had made man on the earth, and "it 4 There were giants in the earth in grieved him at his heart. those days; and also after that, when the 7 And the Lord said, I will destroy sons of God came in unto the daughters man whom I have created, from the face of men, and they bare children to them; of the earth, 1 both man and beast, and the same became mighty men, which were the creeping thing, and the fowls of the nf old, - men of renown.

air: for it repenteth me that I have made 5 And God saw that the wickedness them. (Practical Observations.) of man was great in the earth, and that 8 But Noah • found grace in the eyes * every kimagination of the thoughts of of the LORD. his heart was only evil + continually. 1 9 These are P the generations of Noah: f John 3:6. Rom. 8:1–13. Gal. Heb. the whole imagination, l m Num. 23:19. Deut. 32:36. 11 81:13. 95:10. Is. 48:18. Luke 5:16 24. with the purposes and desires

Sam. 15:11,29. 2 Sam. 24:16. | 19:41,42, Eph. 4:30. g Num. 13:33. Deut. 2:20,21. of the heart.

Ps. 106:45. 110:4. Jer. 18:8--|| Heb. from man unto beast. 3:11. 1 Sam. 17:4. 2 Sam. 21: K 8:21. Job 15:16. Ec. 7:29. 9:

10. Hos. 11:8. Jon. 3:10. Mal. 19:19. Ex. 33:12-17. Piov. 15--22. 3. Jer. 17:9. Mark 7:21--23.

3:6. Rom. 11:29. Heb. 6:17,18. 3:4. 8:35. 12:2. Jer. 31:2. Luke h 11:4. Num. 16:2. Eph. 2:1-3. Tit. 3:3.

1:30. Acts 7:46. 2 Tim. 1:18. i 13:13. 18:20,21, Ps. 14:1–4. 11 Jer. 4:14.

n Deut. 5:29. 32:29. Ps. 78:40. I p 2:4. 6:1. Rom. 1:28-31. 3:1019. Heb. every day. title is sometimes conferred on all who profess | giants, appears to be derived from a root which the true religion. These seem to have kept || themselves for a long time distinct from such as signifes to fall (5 ): either, Men who had were openly irreligious, or idolatrous; the for

fallen from God; or Men, who by force and mer uniting with Seth's descendants, the latter

power caused others to fall, that is, cast them with Cain's. But at length, when the human

down. race had greatly increased, and numbers of

V.5. The words of this verse are peculiarly very beautiful women were observed among

expressive:—“God saw that the wickedness of the irreligious or idolatrous party; the wor

man was great on the earth.” He, who could shippers of God were induced by unworthy

not mistake, or form a false estimate, saw that motives, unreservedly to contract marriages

man's wickedness was great; open, daring, and with them, which made way for a rapid in

atrocious; and that among all men, throughout crease of wickedness, and an almost universal

the earth. Yet he saw the heart still worse: apostasy. (Marg. Ref.) These women are called

“Every imagination of the thoughts of the “the daughters of men,” or rather of Adam;

heart were only evil continually:” that is, as inheriting his fallen nature, and imitating

the workings of the fancy, the contrivances of his sin, but not his repentance.

|| the understanding, the purposes, desires, and V. 3. The Spirit of God strove with men, by Il affections of the whole soul, were every one of inspiring Enoch, Noah, and perhaps others, to

them evil, only evil, without any intermixture preach to them; as bearing with them, and

of good; only evil, every day, continually, withwaiting to be gracious, notwithstanding their

out interruption or cessation! rebellions; and as exciting convictions in their || V. 6. 7. 'It repented ... it grieved. Such ex. consciences. But the Lord on this occasion

I pressions as these are made use of by the Holy declared, probably by Noah, that his Spirit

Spirit, in a gracious condescension to our apshould not thus strive with them perpetually;

I prehensions; and to accommodate heavenly but that, provoked by their obstinate resist

things, as far as their nature will admit of it, ance, not only to the warning of his prophets,

y to the warning of his prophets, ll to the similitude of earthly things: just as we but even to that of their own consciences, he

speak to children in their language, and in acwould finally leave them to be hardened in sin,

commodation to their capacities, that we may and ripened for destruction. This he deter

the better convey our meaning to their minds. mined on, because, man was flesh:” not only

-Metaphysical truth is too refined and subtile frail and feeble, but carnal and depraved; hav

for mankind in general, and only fitted for the ing prostituted the noble powers of his rational

amusement of speculative men: but the Scripsoul, and every higher consideration, to make

tures were written to make even the poor and provision for the gratification of his corrupt illiterate wise untos

illiterate wise unto salvation. To speak to inclinations. And now, by the defection of

them of the cause, from its sensible and visible those who had been distinguished as “the sons effects. more readily informs and more deeply of God," this was become almost the universal

interests them: while other passages sufficientcharacter of the human race; so that man was liv,

han was | ly guard the sober inquirer from misapprebecome altogether incapable of answering the hension.-Should an artist, after bestowing great end of his creation. Yet the Lord was m

rd was much pains, and manifesting great skill, about pleased to declare, that he would wait a hun

some curious piece of mechanism, dash it to dred and twenty years, before he executed his

pieces; we should conclude from this effect, that purposed vengeance; that men might have

he repented having made it. Or should a paspace to repent, and to use proper methods of

rent, after conferring great favors on his child averting his terrible indignation.

be provoked by his misconduct finally to disinV. 4. Giants. Gianls.] These giants pernaps were herit him; we should thence infer, that he was

These giants perhaps were men of great stature and strength, but more lcgrieved at his heart” that he had bestowed so certainly men of enormous wickedness. And

much upon him. Thus the Creator, having the children, which sprang from the intermar

formed the earth, and men upon it; having disriages above-mentioned, were of the same char

Toplaved his wisdom, power, and goodness in his acter. Thus they became, in those ancient

works, and in the riches which he had confertunes, "mighty men, ... men of renown," as

S red on man, in whom especially his glory had heroes, conquerors, and chieftains: but they

they shone; after the earth was filled with inhab

hone: were apostates from God, and cruel destroyers itants.

itants, was provoked by their wickedness to and oppressors of mankind.

destroy them all with a flood. This was an The Hebrew word (0'59 ), rendered effect which seemed to flow from his repenting

[51

Noah was a 9 just man and * perfect in |! rooms shalt thou nake in the ark, and his generations, and Noah walked with shalt pitch it within and without with God.

pitch. 10 And Noah begat three sons, S Shem, 15 And this is the fashion which thou Ham, and Japheth.

shalt make it of: the length of the ark 11 The earth also was corrupt before || shall be three hundred 'cubits, the breadth God; and the earth was filled with vio- | of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirlence.

ty cubits. 12 And God u looked upon the earth, | 16 A d window shalt thou make to the and behold, it was corrupt: for * all fleshark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it had corrupted his way upon the earth. above: and ethe door of the ark shalt

13 | And God said unto Noah, y The thou set in the side thereof; ' with lower, end of all flesh is come before me; for second, and third stories shalt thou make the earth is filled with violence through it. them: and behold, I will destroy them | 17 And & behold, ), even I, do bring + with 2 the earth.

a flood of waters upon the earth to de14 a Make thee an ark of gopher-wood: stroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of 9 Job 12:4. Prov. 4:18. Ec. 7 | u8. Job 33:27. Ps. 33:13,14. | life, from under heaven; and every thing 20. Hab. 2.4. Luke 2:25. 23: 53:2. Prov. 15:3. 60. Acts 10:22. Gal. 3:11. x 5. 7:1,21. 9:12,16,17. Luke | that is in the earth shall die. Heb. 11:7. 3:6. 1 Heb. nests.

Deut. 32:39. Is. 51:12. Ez. * Or, upright. 2 Chr. 15:17. 25: y Jer. 51:13. Ez. 7:2-6. Amos 6 Ex. 2-3.

5:8. 6:3. 34:11,20. Hos. 5:14. 2. Job 1:1,8. Ps. 37:37. Luke 1 8:2. 1 Pet. 4.7.

c 7:20. Deut. 3:11.

h 7:4,17,23. Ps. 29:10. 93:3, 4. 1:6. Phil. 3:9-15. * Or, from the earth. 7:23.

d 8:6. 2 Sam. 6:16. 2 Kings 9: Amos 9:6. See on 5:22. z Jer. 4:23-28. 2 Pet. 3:6,7,10 |

30.

i 2:7. 7:15. 15:32.

-12.
e 7:16. Luke 13:25.

k Rom. 5:12-14,21. 6:23. 8:20 t Is. 60:18. Ez. 8:17. 28:16. / a Matt. 24:38. Luke 17:27.

Ez. 41:16. 42:3.

-22, Hos. 4:1,2. Hab. 2:8,17. | 1 Pet. 3:20.

g 9:9. Ex. 14:17. Lev. 26:28.

that he had made man, and to indicate that he mous vessel was about a hundred and sixty was "grieved at his heart.”-It is indeed impos- yards in length, twenty-seven in breadth, and sible that God should really be sorry, or repent|| sixteen in height; and thus vastly larger than of any thing that he has said or done; or really our greatest ships. Learned men have shewn, wish he had never said or done it: but his that these dimensions were far more than wero change of conduct was such as in men springs | necessary to contain all the animals to be pre from these causes; and the expression most served, and sufficient provision for them. But emphatically denotes extreme abhorrence of it must at first sight be evident that so great a the crimes of men, and of their desperate de- || vessel, thus constructed, and with so few per pravity.

sons on board, was utterly unsuitable to weathv. 8, 9. Noah is the first person, who is er out the deluge; except as it was under the called righteous, or just; that is, he was so by / immediate guidance and protection of the Althe "righteousness of faith.”(Marg. Ref. Note, mighty. Heb. 11:7.) He was a true believer, he found | v. 17. These were “things not seen as yet,” grace," and was the object of the Lord's concerning which Noah was warned; and many special favor: being sincerely and unreservedly have since ventured to deny, and it is not imreligious; and one who dared to be singular in probable that some would then argue against, that corrupt generation.

ll the possibility of such a deluge: but the almighty V. 11, 12. The earth was not only full of God, with a most emphatical repetition, declardaring impiety, and probably idolatry, before ed that he would effect it; and Noah simply God, and, as it were, in defiance of him; but || credited this word. He neither hesitated' to also of oppression, cruelty, and murder: so that expect the unprecedented catastrophe; nor armen in general had corrupted their way all gued against the justice or goodness of God in over the world.

the awful sentence; nor declined the immense V. 13. The Lord revealed to Noah, that he labor and expense imposed on him, or the rewould destroy guilty man from the earth, with proach and ridicule to which it might expose all the animal tribes and all the vegetable him; nor made any objection to this mode of riches, with which it was replenished; and also preservation. But, being "moved with fear," all the works of men; and so change the state and reverencing the divine revelation, he preof it, as to render the whole one universal des- || pared the ark; became a preacher of righteousolation. (Marg. Ref.)

ness; and, taking the warning given him for V. 14–16. The word here rendered an ark, li his subject, and shewing his faith by his works, is only used for Noah's ark, and that ark of be called on mankind to repent of their sins. bulrushes in which the child Moses was pre Had they duly regarded the warning, all the served. It seems to have been built, in some inhabitants of the earth might have heard it, respects, like the hulk of a ship; except that before the expiration of the hundred and twenit was flat-bottomed, square at each end, and ity years of God's long-suffering: and if a genroofed as a house; so that it terminated at the

eral repentance had taken place, perhaps a top in the breadth of a cubit. It is not agreed respite would have been granted; as there was what ki d of timber is meant by Gopher-wood; afterwards, in like circumstances, to Nineveh. perhaps that of the Cypress-tree. The ark (Notes, Jon. 3:) If individnals bad repented, was made with three decks, and divided into and by faith sought adınission into the ark, many little cabins; it was pitched within and doubtless it would have been opened to as many without to keep it tight and sweet; and lighted as it could contain: and, for any thing that apfrom the upper part, probably by one window pears to the contrary, if others had in humble reaching from end to end. A cubit was some-l penitent faith prepared arks, they also might thing more than half a yard; so that this enor-ll have heen preserved.

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