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22 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh," Go into the wilderness to meet Moses Thus saith the LORD, 6 Israel is my son, || And he went and met him in the moun even my first-born.

of God, and kissed him. 23 And I say unto thee, Let my son 28 And Moses • told Aaron all the go, that he may serve me: and if thou words of the LORD, who had sent him. refuse to let him go, behold, " I will slay and all the signs which he had commandthy son, even thy first-born.

ed him. 24 | And it came to pass by the way | 29 And Moses and Aaron went, a in the inn, that i the LORD met him, and P gathered together all the elders of the k sought to kill him.

I children of Israel. 25 Then Zipporah took ' a sharp 30 And Aaron spake all the words which * stone, and cut off the fore-skin of her the Lord had spoken unto Moses, and son, and + cast it at his feet, and said, || 9 did the signs in the sight of the people. Surely a bloody husband art thou to me. 31 And the people believed: and

26 So he let him go: then she said, when they heard that the LORD had A bloody husband thou art, because of the visited the children of Israel, and that circumcision.

he had ' looked upon their affliction, then 27 | And the LORD said to Aaron, they u bowed their heads and worshipped. 19:5,6. Deut. 14:1. Jer. 31:9.1 21:16. Hos. 13:8.

m 14–16. Acts 10:5,6,20. ir 3:18. Ps. 106:12,13. Luke 8: Hos. 11:1. Rom. 9:4. Heb. 12: k Gen, 17.14. Lev. 10:3. i n 3:1. 19:3. 20:18. 24:15-17. 13. 23. Kings 13:24. 1 Kings 19:8.

s See on 3:16. h 11:5. 12.29. Ps. 78:51. 105: 1 Josh. 5:2.3.

o Jon. 3:2. Matt, 21:29.

t 2:25. 3.7. 36. 135:8. # Or, knife. p 3:16. 24:1,11.

u 12:27. Gen. 17:3. I Chr. 29. i 3:18. Num. 22:22,23. i Chr. Heb. made it touch.

92-9.

20. 2 Chr. 20:18.

several stages by which Pharaoh's obduracy was the feet of Moses, are differently understood: induced, and the import of the several words some think that she rashly reproached both him made use of, in this remarkable instance and il- and his religion, which required this bloody or lustration of the Lord's dealing with obstinate dinance; but others are of upinion, that she sinners.

spake in great affection, as having anew esponsV. 22, 23. Israel was despised by the Egyp-ed him, by circumcising her son; seeing the tians as a contemptible people; but was honored blood shed in that rite had been the means of of God, being near and dear to him as a child is restoring him to her again. For when it had to his father, and as having that pre-eminence been performed, the Lord delivered Moses and among the nations, which the first-born has allowed him to prosecute his journey.-It is among the brethren. Pharaoh therefore might probable that on this occasion Zipporah returnbe assured, that God would defend, avenge, de- led to Jethro for a time. (Note, 18:1–5.) Some liver, and provide for Israel: and that if he at-render the clause, “So he let him go," so she tempted to retain in bondage that people, who left him, as referring to this: but the translation stood related to JEHOVAH, as his first-born son, cannot be supported, as the Hebrew text now and forbad them to worship and serve hiin; he stands; both words being masculine. must expect to feel the effects of omnipotent in- V. 27. The Lord had directed Aaron to meet dignation, which would at length slay his eldest his brother in the wilderness.-Moses seems to son, with all the first-born in the land of Egypt. have been retarded by bis family concerns, while - True believers are "the church of the first-|| Aaron made great haste; and thus he met Moses born, whose names are written in heaven:” and almost as soon as he had set out upon his jour. though rulers are entitled to honor and civilney, which would be a great encouragement to obedience from them, they have no right to pro- him. Probably, they had not seen or heard of hibit them from serving God, according to the each other for a long time before. dictates of their conscience; and they may ex-il V. 30. Signs. Moses gave the people this pect severe rebukes if they attempt it.

Il proof of his divine mission, to ensure their conV. 24–26. Either the Lord appeared to his currence, before he applied to Pharaoh in their servant, by some external token of his presence, behalf.-It is supposed that Moses performed the as if about iminediately to slay him; or, as some miraculous signs, while Aaron delivered the suppose, he inflicted on him a sudden and very message of God to the people (15–17).-"And dangerous disease. Moses seems, however, to he did the signs, &c.” have understood, that he was rebuked for neg. V. 31. Thus the Elders of Israel acknowllecting to circumcise his son; probably from edged Jehovah as the true God, and the God regard to Zipporah who was averse to it. It is of their fathers, and Moses as bis inessenger for supposed that circumcision was in use among the their deliverance; and they testified their gratiMidianites, as descended from Abraham; and tude and expectation, in an act of solemn worship that Zipporah had merely induced Moses to de PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS fer the performance of it beyond the appointed

V. 1-17. time, on account of the journey, or on some other || How indisposed are men to believe the testi pretence. But he was raised up for an extraor- 1 mony of God! Whether he denounce vendinary service, and it was proper he should setgeance upon obstinate offenders, or promise acan example of exact obedience in his own con-llceptance, assistance, and salvation to the returnduct, and therefore he was thus sharply rebuked. lling sinner, they are always prone to question -As he was either under great perturbation of his veracity; and to act as if his word could not mind, or dangerously ill, Žipporah immediately absolutely be depended on, or was not likely to circumcised her son, with a knife made of a sharp be accomplished! Thus some are hardened in flint, such knives being common in some coun- ! presumption, others sink into despondency, and tries: and this may intimate the haste in which others are discouraged and faint-hearted in all the rite was performed.--The words which she their endeavors.-But the Lord being slow to spake, when she laid the fore-skin of her son at anger and of great mercy, deals not with us ac

CHAP. V.

Il people go, that they may hold ba feast Moses and Aaron deliver their message to Pharaoh, who dis

I unto me in the wilderness. dainfully rejects it, 1-5. He increases the task of the Israelites, allows them no straw, and silences their complaints, 6 12 And Pharaoh said, • Who is the 19. They despond and murmur, and Moses complains to the Lord, 20–23.

LORD that I should obey his voice to let ND afterwards Moses and Aaron || Israel go? d I know not the LORD, e neither

went in, a and told Pharaoh, Thus will I let Israel go. saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my || b 10:9. Is. 25:6. 1 Cor. 5:8. 1 d 1 Sam. 2:12. John 16:3. Rom.

Il c 3:19. 2 Chr. 32:15,19. Job 21: a 1 Kings 21:20. Ps. 119:46. Ez. | Acts 4:29.

1:28. 2 Thes. 1:8.

15. Ps. 10:4. 12:4. 14:1. le 3:19. Jer. 44:16,17. 2:6. Joo. 3:3,4. Matt. 10:18,28.

cording to the multitude of our sins; else the and relatives: yet after all, we shall frequently strongest believer upon earth, instead of being be constrained to cross the humors, endure the saved by his faith, might be righteously con- reproaches, and forego the comforts, of our demned for his unbelief. When we shrink from nearest connexions, if we determine not to de. trouble and self-denial, or the reproach or dan- | viate in any thing from our known duty.-Even ger of any service; self-love soon suggests some || sinful omissions will draw upon us severe reexcuse, which appears sufficient to us, however bukes: and to neglect the seals and pledges of trivial it inay be in the judgment of others; and the new covenant is a sin of no small aggravait is no uncommon case for those, who have tion; being more replete with contempt of God, been rebuked for rashness and precipitation, and ingratitude for his distinguished mercies, afterwards to become timidly negligent of their than professed Christians generally suppose.evident duty. But let unbelief, sloth, and cow They, who are employed in calling others to ardice, start ever so many objections, against trust and obey God, should be careful themour doing the duty of that station to which it selves to set an example of implicit confidence hath pleased God to call us; his word furnishes and obedience; and if they, in any remarkable us with answers to them all: and the assurance instance, fail of this, they will surely experiof his assistance and protection should in every ence some very painful effects from their mis. case fully satisfy our minds.-When God gives conduct. Yet when they are zealous and rerevelations of new truths, or introduces new pent, and attend to their duty, the Lord will re. dispeasations, materially differing from all turn to them in mercy.-The reproaches cast which have preceded, he always sets bis seal to! upon religion and its conscientious professors, them, and enables his servants to authenticate redound to the lasting disgrace or those who their mission by some conclusive sign: but they, Il vented them: none can provoke God more, than who are employed to enforce the old authenti those, who by terrors or temptations deter or cated revelation, need not such testimonials; as entice his children from his service; nor are both their character and doctrines must be scarcely any more in danger of being given up tried by the oracles of God, to which they ap- to judicial hardness of heart, than cruel tyrants peal. The miracles, which he enabled his ser- and persecuting oppressors. It frequently bapvants of old to perform, were not doubtful and pens that less difficulty is found, than was exequivocal, nor merely effects of power to excite pected, in such undertakings as are according wonder; but they were expressive of his justice to the will of God, and for his glory; and that and goodness, and instructive tokens of his inany are inclined to concur in them, from favor to his people, and vengeance on his ene- whom we looked for opposition. Let us then mies.-He does not always make it appear, that arise and attempt our proper work, and the he hath furnished men for services, till they are Lord will be with us and prosper us. But if Isactually called to engage in them; but we may rael welcomed the tidings of temporal deliverdepend on him to qualify us for whatever he ance, and worshipped the Lord: how should we commands us to do. All knowledge, wisdom, || welcome the glad tidings of eternal redemption, and utterance, with every good gift, are deriv- embrace it in faith, and adore the Redeemer! ed from bim: but many endowments are sup- and "how shall we escape, if we neglect so posed needful or useful in the public service of great salvation?" God and his church, which he pours contempt

NOTES. upon, as mere tinsel; worthless, if not perni- CHAP. V. V. 1. Moses and Aaron, having cious. Such are all the studied and affected arts obtained the concurrence of the people, reof human oratory, which the great apostle quested an audience of Pharaoh; and were adwould not condescend to employ, that the mitted to him as the representatives of the na. faith" of the people should not stand in the tion, probably accompanied by some of the elwisdom of men, but in the power of God." Yet ders. (3:18.) But when introduced, they deto this day they are highly valued by most pro- | livered to him a message from “JEHOVAH, the fessed Christians and many true Christians; and God of Israel.”—This is the first time this title many seem to think that little or nothing can is given to the Lord, with respect to Israel as be done without them. (Noles, 1 Cor. 2:1-5.) || a nation; though Jacob erected an altar to El. -Even when the Lord is displeased with the Elohe-Israel, to God, the God of Israel, reier. sins of his servants, he condescends to their in ring to the name which he had just before re. firmities: and in arduous undertakings, it is a ceived. (Note, Gen. 33:20.)- In the name of great favor to have helpers, who cordially upite Jehovah, who thus honored Israel in his low en with us; though they should share, or even slaved condition, Moses and Aaron demanded, eclipse, our reputation. But while we censure that the people should be allowed to hold a saMoses for shrinking from this dangerous ser cred feast, according to the observances of vice, let us ask our own hearts, whether we are their religion: and as they could not perform not neglecting such duties, as are unspeakably this solemn service in Egypt, surrounded by more easy and less perilous.

those who held their sacrifices in abomination; V. 18--31.

they required permission to retire to a distance lo obeying the commands of the Lord our into the wilderness, where their worship would God, we should take care to give no needless pot be liable to interruption, and could give no offence, and always be ready to give up our own | umbrage to the Egyptians.. inclinations, rather than prejudice our friends | V. 2. Pharaoh had probably heard some gen

3 And they said, The God of the He-!| cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our brews hath met with us: let us go, we God. pray thee, three days' journey into the 9 * Let there more work be laid upon desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our the men, that they may labor therein; God; ' lest he fall upon us with pestilence, and let them not regard * vain words. or with the sword.

[Practical Observalions.)

| 10 | And the task-masters of the peo4 And the king of Egypt said unto | them, & Wherefore do ye, Moses and pre

|ple went out, and their officers, and they Aaron, let the people from their works?il spake to the people, saying, Thus saith

Pharaoh, I will not give you straw. get you unto your burdens. 5° And Pharaoh said, Behold, the peo

11 Go ye, get you straw where ye can ple of the land now are many, and ye

find it: yet not ought of your work shall make them rest from their burdens.

be diminished. 6 And Pharaoh commanded the same

12 So the people were scattered abroad

throughout all the land of Egypt, to gathday 'the task-masters of the people, and their officers, saying,

er stubble instead of straw. 7 Ye shall no more give the people

13 And the task-masters hasted them, straw to make brick, as heretofore: let saying, Fulfil your works, your daily them go and gather straw for themselves. Il tasks, as when there was straw. 8 And the tale of the bricks which

| 14 And the officers of the children of they did make heretofore, ye shall lay

Israel, which Pharaoh's task-masters had upon them; ye shall not diminish ought

set over them, were beaten, and demandthereof; for they be idle; therefore they

ed, Wherefore have ye not fulfilled your * Heb. Let the work be heavy |11:11. Prov. 29:12.

| 1 Heb. a matter of a day 1% Ezra 7:23. Zech, 14:16_-19. h 1:9-11. Pror. 14:28. & Jer. 38:4. Am. 7:10. Luke 23: i 10,13,16,19. Prov. 12:10. Zech. 1:6. Mal. 3.14. Eph. 5:6.

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16:3.

his day.

eral report of JEHOVAH, as claiming by his ser- ! should be exposed, if they neglected to worsbip vants to be the only living and true God," the li the Lord their God. This gentle and submisCreator and Governor of the whole earth: but sive application was suited to illustrate the he and his predecessors had long tyrannised character of the tyrannical oppressor; for as lie over his professed worshippers; and as they disdained such a message, no wonder he raged seemed to have derived so little advantage from when he more fully understood the commission, his favor, he concluded that he had as little to under which Moses and Aaron acted. fear from his wrath. He therefore treated the I V. 4, 5. Pharaoh seems entirely to have dismessage delivered to him with contemptuous in- regarded all that had been said, concerning the difference, ranking JEHOVAH among, or rather appearance and commandment of the Lord to beneath, the gods of the nations, and especially , Moses and Aaron; supposing the whole plan to the gods of Egypt.-His language is very em-originate from ambitious, interested views, and pbatical; "Shall I, who as king of Egypt lord it, that they abused the people's superstition to cover Israel, obey the God of Israel? No, I scorn promote their own selfish designs. He thereto regard him!'--Pharaoh had no knowledge of fore ordered them to their burdens, as well as the Lord, and therefore he set him at defiance. the elders who attended them; and it must be Nor did he desire to know [bim;] being so! ascribed to a divine interposition, that he did 'transported with anger, that he would not ex not send them to a dungeon, or to exécntion; lamine their commission, but only resolved he considering his character, and the nature of 'would not obey it.' Bp. Patrick.' Israel was a their message.-He also represented them as numerous people, by whom the wealth of his doing a public injury to Egypt, and endanger. subjects, and his own greatness, were exceed - ing the peace of the community, by taking so ingly increased: and it would not consist with large a multitude off from their work, and put. either his honor or interest, (to speak in the ting thoughts of another kind into their minds. language of politicians,) thus to risk the depop- il V. 7. Some suppose that the straw was cut ulation of his kingdom. He had been accus- short, and mingled with the clay in making tomed to tyrannise over them: and shall he now bricks; the nature of the clay, and the imperfecmeanly, on such a summons, consent to liberate tion of their skill, requiring it: and others sup. them? But if he determined not to yield to this, il pose that they burnt the bricks with it.-But in he must crush their first attempts, and not al. 1 many places straw is now used in covering the low them to feel their own strength, or at all to clay before the bricks are formed, and covering taste the sweets of liberty. Thus pride, ambi- | the bricks before they are burnt, to defend them tion, covetousness, and worldly policy engaged from the burning sun or heavy rains; and indeed him in the contest; and a point of honor, that something of this kind is indispensably necesis, an obstinate determination not to have it | sary. said he was overcome, hardened him to persist | V. 8, 9. Though the fruits of Israel's industry in it to his destruction.

were many and great, Pharaoh took it for grantV. 3. It may be supposed, that Moses and ed, without examining, that the people were Aaron declared to Pharaoh some of the grand not fully employed: and too many of the rich distinguishing particulars of their religion, and and powerful imitate his example, and act in spake in general terms of the perfections and such matters upon report or conjecture, withont works of JEHOVAH. But it does not appear that, inquiry. He therefore determined to fill their on this occasion, they either wrought any mir- hands with work, that they might have somewbat acle, or threatened any punishment; but only else to think on, than such vain or lying words stated the danger to which they themselves II as he supposed those of Moses and Aaron to be.

task in making brick, both yesterday and | 20 And they met Moses and Aaron, to-day, as heretofore?

who stood in the way, as they came forth 15 | Then the officers of the chil- | from Pharaoh: dren of Israel came and cried unto Pha-!| 21 And they said unto them, P The raoh, saying, Wherefore dealest thou | Lord look upon you, and judge; because thus with thy servants?

| ye have made a our savor to * bz ab16 There is no straw given urto thy horred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in ervants, and they say to us, Make the eyes of his servants, to put a sword brick: and behold, thy servants are beat-il in their hand to slay us. en; but the fault is in thine own people. | 22 And Moses' returned unto the

17 But he said, m Ye are idle, ye are LORD, and said, Lord, Wherefore hast idle: therefore ye say, Let us go, and thou so evil entreated this people? s why do sacrifice to the LORD.

lis it that thou hast sent me? 18 Go therefore now, and work: for 23 For since I came to Pharaoh to there shall no straw be given you,' yet speak tin thy name, he hath done evil shall ye deliver the tale of bricks. | to this people; † neither hast thou deliv

19 And the officers of the children ofered thy people at all. 1: rael did see that they were in o evil ||

1p 6:9. Gen. 16:5. case, after it was said, Ye shall not min-14 Ec. 10:1. Joel 2:20. 2 Cor. 2: 10. Jer. 20:2.

t Ps. 118:26. Jer. 11:21. John ish ought from your bricks of your daily | *Heb. to stink. Gen. 34:30. 1! 5:49. task.

Sara. 13:4. 27:12, 2 Sam. 10:6. t Heb.delivering, thou hast not

delivered. Is. 26:17,18. 28:16, m Matt. 26:8. John 6:27. 2n Ez. 18:18. Dan. 2:9—13.

o Deut. 32:36. Ec. 4:1. 5:8.

I s Num. 11:14,15. 1 Kings 19:4,

15,16.

1 Chr. 19:6.
r 17:4. 1 Sam. 30:6. Jer. 12:1.1 Heb. 10:36,37.

Thes. 3:10,11.

V. 12–14. A large proportion of the people PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. being employed in gathering stubble, part of

V. 1-9. which they were constrained to fetch from all The servants of God may be called into very great distance; it was impossible that the rest | perilous situations: but while they alhere to could furnish the usual quantity of bricks. Yet their instructions, they inay “set their faces as the Egyptian task-masters, by Pharaoh's orders, il a flint;" for he will bear them out against their insisted on this being done: and when for two most haughty and imperious enemies. The days a deficiency was found, the Israelitish of- reasonableness of the divine commands always ficers, whom the task-masters had placed over leaves the disobedient without excuse. If we their brethren to superintend their labors, were decline from the path of duty when comparaseverely beaten; and thus an attempt was made tively easy, we shall never confine ourselves to to drive them in their own defence, to join in it when greater self-denial is requisite; and it this cruel oppression!

we refuse to devote a portion of our time and V. 15—23. It seems that the Israelitish of substance to the service of God, how shall we ficers were informed of Pharaoh's decision, by obey, should he call us to leave all, to take up the Egyptian task-masters (6); and they might our cross, to endure persecution, and to lay suspect that they had misrepresented bis words: down our lives for his sake! Yet unless we are but their appeal to Pharaoh was answered in prepared for this, we cannot be Christ's disci. that cruel and sarcastical manner, which was ples. But sinners are afraid of losing the pleascalculated to break their spirits, or drive them ure or profit, wbich they derive or expect from to desperate measures; as well as to make them transgression; not knowing that the service of conclde, that all their hopes of deliverance God is perfect freedom,' a continual feast, and from the Lord were groundless. As their pros- an enduring inheritance. Without that knowl. pects were very gloomy, and there is no reason edge of God, which is derived from faith and to suppose that many of them were partakers of experience, there is no true fear or love of him: the courage and patience of faith, it is the less and therefore, they who know him not, habitwonderful that they spoke sharply to Moses and 'ually disobey him; and often insolently despise Aaron; who, being deeply interested in the con-' him, and presumptuously set him at defiance, cerns of their brethren, were waiting to learn when his precepts and denunciations interfere what answer they had received. It must have with their ambitious and worldly projects. But been a severe trial to them to find, that while ltbis ignorance of God is no excuse; as it arises Pharaoh reproached them for taking off the linot so much from want of information, as from people from their work, the officers of Israel men "not liking to retain God in their knowl. complained of them, as if they had intentionally i edge.”—It is common for the irreligious to set Pharaoh against them, and given him a pre-i treat all the fears, hopes, conscientious scruples, tence for putting them to death, as well as for and experiences of true believers, as supersti increasing the burdens of Israel; and that they lition and enthusiasm; and to censure them a: even called on God to plead their cause against vain words and foolish fancies. It must indeeo them. Thus while the king of Egypt denied be allowed that there is much superstition ani that the Lord had sent Moses and Aaron, the enthusiasm in the world: yet true religion can Israelites themselves overlooked the proofs, not but be experimental; for it must produce its which they had witnessed of their divine com- effects upon the judgment, heart, and cor mission!-Yet we may the less wonder at this, science, hefore they can appear in the life an: as even Moses, when thus tried, was led to mur || conversation. We should therefore learn to mur against the Lord, for honoring bim with distinguish between “the precious and the vile, this important commission; to forget that he li according to the standard of the Holy Scrir had been forewarned of Pharaoh's opposition: il tures. It is very common for worldly people to: and almost to despair of success!

Il condemn an attention to the ordinances of Gol VOL. I.

T20

26

CHẤP. VI.

| hand shall he drive them out of his God encourages Moses, by his Dame JEHOVAH, and by promises: land.

1-8. Moses in vain attempts to encourage the Israelites, 9. He and Aaron are charged to go again onto Pharaoh, 10--13.

2 And God spake unto Moses, and The genealogy of Reuben and of Simeon; and of Levi the

said unto him, I am the LORD: ancestor of Moses and Aaron, 14—25. The history is resumed, 26-30.

3 And I appeared unto Abraham, THEN the LORD said unto Moses,lunto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name L a Now shalt thou see what I will do of God Almighty, but by my name to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand | JEHOVAH was I not known to them. shall he let them go, and with a strong | 11:1. 12:31-33,39. 1 [3:14. Gen. 12:7,8. 13:18. 09:

d 6,8. 14:18. 20:2. Gen. 15:7. 14. Ps, 68:4. JAH. 83:19. ls. & 14:13. Num. 23:23. Deut. 32: jb 3:19.20. Deut. 4:34. Ps. 89: || Is. 42.8. 43:11,15. Jer. 9:24. | 44:6. 52:5,6. John 8:58. Rey $9 2 Kings 7:2,19. 2 Cbr. 20: 13. 136:12. Is. 63:12. Ez. 20: Mal. 3:6.

1:4. 17 Ps. 12:5. 33,34.

e Gen. 17:1. 28:3. 35:11. 48:3.

as idleness; and to consider all the time or return to spread the case before God, are apt to money, which is expended in religion, as wasted discourage themselves, and impatiently to com to no purpose. To this day we find numbers plain, that they are sent to no purpose, and that disposed to exclaim against some of their neigh- be doth not by them deliver the people at all bors, for spending a few hours, spared from busi- but this is their sin and their folly, of which at ness, in the service of God; crying out, “Ye' length they will be ashamed. Let us not how. are idle, ye are idle;” and yet they do not cen- lever close this chapter, without contrasting our sure, or only with great lenity, those who allot | mild and benign government, and the civil and twice the time to dissipation and intemperance! religious liberty which we enjoy, with the cruel Thus is God despised among men, as if nothing tyranny and oppression of Pharaoh: and, unitcould be so misemployed, as that which is de- ing gratitude to God and man for such blessings, voted to him! Nor is it to this day an obsolete let us pray for the continuance of them to us device of Satan, to fill men's hands with busi- and to our posterity, and for the choicest blessness, their heads with projects, and their hearts sings upon those, who are the instruments of God with cares, in order to divert them from the in them: and let us remember how much we are worship of God, and from attention to "the one bound to live, (especially under such rulers,) in thing needful.”

|| all godliness and honesty, and in quietness and V. 10-23.

conscientious submission. The yoke of Satan and of sin is in itself innmensely more dreadful, than that of cruel Pha-!|

NOTES. raoh and his task-masters: and when sinners be- CHAP. VI. V. 1. Moses found, that his intergin to feel their misery, and the Lord is prepar- | ference had only rendered the condition of Ising deliverance for them; the discoveries, which rael worse than before; for Pharaoh set JEHOthey continually make, of the strictness and Van at defiance, and the people were sinking in spirituality of the divine law, the evil of sin, abject despondency. But at this crisis, the and the strength of their evil propensities, often Lord declared that he would display bis own concur with the temptations of the devil in power, and effect their deliverance himself, urging them to conclude, that it is impossible to ibat he might have all the glory of it.-When overcome their corrupt passions and evil habits; Pharaoh felt the power of God's indignation, he for these seem rather irritated than subdued by not only consented to Israel's departure, but be convictions, while they remain ignorant of the and his people urged and hastened it: yet this gospel. Then indeed they suppose themselves consent was extorted by force, and was entirely to be in an evil and a hopeless case; and are contrary to Pharaoh's babitual inclinations. It ready to wish, they had never attended to that is not said in what way the Lord spake unto doctrine which has thus disquieted them; nay, Moses on each of these occasions; but we have to quarrel with the instrument, as if he were reason to believe, that there was, in general, the cause of their distress and misery! On this some personal appearance and an audible oice, account, as well as others, they who desire to like that with which the patriarchs bad been be honored by God in any public sphere of use- | fa

12: fulness, should well count their cost; and not V. 2, 3. I am,' saith God, 'ihat unchangeable, only expect to meet with opposition from the land all-perfect Being, who am known by the world, but to experience still more painful trials l'name JEHOVAII, and always act consistently from the impatience, and even ingratitude and with that name.'-The Lord was known to the reproaches, of the very persons whose good they || patriarchs, as “God Almighty," or the all-suffare earnestly seeking; and to be accused, not cient God, who possesses all wisdom, power, and only of those crimes of which they are inno dominion, to contrive and effect the purposes of cent, but, by men of different characters, of his love. - It is most probable, that the latter things directly contrary to each other. Such as clause should be read with an interrogation: seem to believe, will “in time of temptation fall | “And was I not known to them by my name JEaway;" and they who really believe, under the HOVAH?" For Moses bad constantly used the pressure of severe trials, often forget all they name JEHOVAH in the preceding history; the kpew, and distress faithful ministers with their patriarchs built their altars, and called upon distrust, impatience, and peevish complaints. the name of JEHOVAH;" Abraham called the But indeed the ministers themselves, being con- place, where he was about to sacrifice Isaac, scious how they also dishonor and offend God, JEHOVAR-jireh; and God, speaking to Jacob in and admiring his forbearance and compassion to Bethel, saith, “I am Jehovah, the God of Abrathem, should learn to imitate him in bearing || ham.”—The intention of these words seems to with their brethren. For the most faithful, on have been this. Moses was discouraged, besome occasions, not at first perceiving the fruits cause the difficulties before bim appeared insurof their labors, or not duly understanding the mountable; but this was unreasonable: the same Lord's method of preparing sinners for the lib- glorious God, who revealed himself to Abraerty and consolations of the gospel, by very hu-ham, Isaac, and Jacob, as Almighty, and who miliating and painful experiences; while they ll pledged the honor of his name, for the accom

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