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And Moses m hid his face; for he was 11 10 Come now therefore, and I will afraid to look upon God.

send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou [Practical Observations.)

mayest bring forth my people the chil7 And the LORD said, "I have surely

dren of Israel out of Egypt. seen the affliction of my people which

'TE 11 And Moses said unto God, · Who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry,

Y; || am ), that I should go unto Pharaoh, and by reason of their task-masters: for i

that I should bring forth the children of know their sorrows.

Israel out of Egypt? 8 And •1 am come down to p deliv

12 And he said, " Certainly I will be er them out of the hand of the Egyp

EP || with thee; and this shall be a token tians, and to bring them up out of that

Junto thee, that I have sent thee; when land. q unto a good land, and a large, I thou hast brought forth the people out of unto a land flowing with milk and honey;|| unto the place of the "Canaanites, and

| Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this


mountain. (Practical Observations.] the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the

| 13 | And Moses said unto God, BePerizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jeb

hold, when I come unto the children of usites.

Israel, and shall say unto them, The 9 Now therefore behold, the cry of

God of your fathers hath sent me unto the children of Israel is come unto me:

| you; and they shall say to me, ? What is s and I have also seen the oppression

"|| his name? what shall I say unto them? wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.

14 And God said unto Moses, I AM

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in the tabernacle and temple: but we meet and not without some improper dependence on with no express command enjoining it.

his rank, influence, and reputation among the V. 6. JEHOVAH was the God of Abraham, Egyptians: but now, when he was unspeakably Isaac, and Jacob, being the Object of their better qualified with heavenly wisdom, expeworship, confidence, love, and obedience; and rience, patience, meekness, stedfastness, humiltheir Salvation, Portion, and everlasting Fe ity, and piety; and was, without competition, the licity in body and soul. But this declaration most proper person on earth for it; he was also was intended, to remind the Israelites of the become conscious of his insufficiency! This was promises made to their fathers, especially with in a great measure the effect of increasing reference to the land of Canaan; for Jehovah knowledge of God and of himself: but there was was the God of Israel, as a nation; and not the also a deep sense of the vast difficulty of the God of the Ishmaelites and Midianites, though business, not without some culpable fear of Phadescended from Abraham, or of the Edomites, raoh and the Egyptians, and of contempt and though descended from Isaac. Amram, Moses's opposition from Israel. Before, self-confidence father, is also supposed to be personally includ-l, mingled with, and assumed the appearance of, ed, as a believing descendant of Abraham. strong faith and great zeal: but now, some de

V.7. "I have surely seen," or, “Seeing I have gree of sinful distrust of God was associated seen,” (that is, with attention and compassion,) with deep humility; and induced him timidly to “the adictions of my people.”_Notwithstand shift, as well as humbly to decline, the important ing the ignorance, idolatry, and wickedness of service.-So very defective are the strongest the Israelites, the Lord acknowledged them as graces, and the best duties, of the most eminent his people, because of their relation to Abra-saints! ham, because they constituted the visible | V. 12. Certainly 1, &c.] All objections, exChurch, and becanse there was a remnant of pressed or implied, were thus answered at once: true believers among them.-The severity ofl.As I send thee, I will certainly go with thee; the task-masters extorted their bitter cries, ll'and then all thy insufficiency, and all possible which in most of them were merely the expres- l•difficulties, can form no hindrance at all.' (Note, sion of distress, not of faith; the prayer of na- || Matt. 28:19,20.)-The token annexed was made ture, not of grace: yet the Lord' noticed and not to sense, but to faith; and therefore the sign pitied their sorrows. Perbaps they almost uni- || was consequent to the event confirmed by it: as versally despaired of deliverance; and Moses, llif God had said, 'I promise to meet thee and Ishaving been forty years a shepherd, probably l 'rael at this mountain: this promise is thy assurexpected and desired nothing more,'than to l'ance of success: depend on my power and faithlive and die in that situation, and had given up 'fulness, and go fetch them forth nothing doubtall thoughts of delivering Israel: yet then the 'ing.' (Marg. Ref. )-It was also a private token very time was come.

to Moses, and not intended as a sign to Israel or V. 8. Come down.) This was spoken after the to Pharaoh. manner of men, and expressed with energy the V. 13. Moses had seen enough in Egypt, forty intent of JEHOVAH's appearance to Moses. I years before, to convince him of his people's ig(Marg. Ref. o.)

|| norance and ungodliness; and he was not sanV. 11. Moses had before deemed himself in a guine in bis expectations of finding them more measure competent to this service, which he favorably disposed towards him, than they had had some intimations that he was to perform; I been. He was therefore afraid, that they and he set about it probably with undue baste, 1) would scarcely understand, much less believe VOL. 1. 25

(193 THAT I AM: And he said, 'Thus shalt tites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, thou say unto the children of Israel, 1 and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto AM hath sent me unto you.

lla land flowing with milk and honey. 15 And God said moreover unto 18 And i they shall hearken io thy Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the |voice: * and thou shalt come, thou and children of Israel, • The LORD God of the elders of Israel, unto the king o. your fathers, the God of Abraham, the Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, "The God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath LORD God of the Hebrews hath m met sent me unto you: this is my name for || with us; and now let us go, we beseech ever, and this is my d memorial unto all thee," three days' journey into the wildergenerations.

ness, o that we may sacrifice to the Lord 16 Go and gather the e elders of Is- our God. rael together, and say unto them, The | 19 And I am sure that the king of LORD God of your fathers, the God of Egypt will not let you go, * no, not by a Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, ap-|| mighty hand. peared unto me, saying, I have surely | 20 And I will p stretch out my hand, I visited you, and seen that which is done and a smite Egypt with all my wonders to you in Egypt.

which I will do in the midst thereof; and 17 And I have said, I will bring you\" after that he will let you go. up out of the affliction of Egypt, 5unto | 21 And I will give this people favor the land of the Canaanites, and the Hit-|| in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall . 6:3. Ps. 68:4. 90:2. Is. 44:6. Je 4:29. 18:12. 24:11. Gep. 50:7.

i 4:31. 2 Chr. 30:12. Ps. 110:3. p 6:6. 7:5. 9:15. Ez. 20:33. Matt. 18:20. 28:20. John 8:58.

k 5:1-3. Matt. 26:3. Acts 11:30. 20:17.

19 7:3. 11:9. Deut. 4:34. 622, 1 7:16. 9:1,13. 10:3. 1 Pet. 3:1.

Neh. 9:10. Ps. 103:27. 106-92. Heb. 13:8. Rev. 1:4,8,17.

m 4:24. 5:3. Num. 23:3,4,15,16. b 6. 4:5. Gen. 17:7,8. Deut. 1: ! 14:31. Gen, 21:1. 50:24. Luke

135:8,9. Is. 19:22. Jer. 32:20, 11,35. 4:1. 2 Chr. 28:9. Matt.

21. Acts 7.36. 1:68. 19:44. Acts 15:14. 1 Pet.

o 12. 7:16. 8:25-28. 10:24-26. s 11:3. 12:36. Gen. 39-21. Neh. Ps. 135:13. g Gen. 15:13-21.46.4.

Or, but by a strong hand. 6: d Ps. 102:12. Hos. 12:5.

1:11. Ps. 106:46. Pror. 16.7. b See on 8.

1. Ps. 136:11,12. Is. 63:12. Acts 7:10.

Is. 64:5. n 8:27.

r 11:8. 12:31,39.

22:32. Acts 7:32.


him, when he spake to them of “the God of their perceive it! There is no doubt, however, but fathers.” He had before been scornfully ask- | the Speaker is the same in both places; for "no ed, “Who made thee a ruler and a judge over us?” man hath seen God, at any time; the only-beand he was not prepared to answer the question: I gotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, therefore he desired at this time, to have fuller he bath declared him."—When the Lord subinstructions and better authenticated creden- ll joined “I AM," or HE THAT EXISTS, ( ly, Sept.) tials. The patriarchs had received revelations hath sent me unto you," it was intended to from God; but Moses seems to have been the give authority to the message, and to ensure first, after the deluge, who was expressly sent to the accomplishment of his purpose, by his inspeak to others in his name.

comprehensible power and perfection. V. 14. I AM THAT I AM, (or, I WILL BE THAT I V. 15. The title of JEHOVAH, the God of AbraWILL BE,) signifies, I am he that exists; and im ham, &c. would remind the Israelites of his replies, self-existence, independence, unchange- || lations and engagements to them, as the deableness, incomprehensibility, eternity, and scendants of these illustrious patriarchs.-The consummate perfection. “I am, and ihere is Lord had before declared his name, as signifynone else beside me.” All else have their being ing eternal self-existence; and he here adds his from God, and are entirely dependent on him. covenant-relation to the seed of Abraham, as the - There is a majestic simplicity and an expres li perpetual memorial of his former mercies, and sive dignity in this language, which disgraces be security of future blessings to his Church. The neath contempt the high-sounding, pompous title “The God and Father of our Lord Jesus titles, which mortals have been proud to arro-|| Christ," is the same to us, under the Christian gate to themselves.-JEHOVAH, (a name of simi-| dispensation, as the Name here expressed was lar signification,) thus distinguished himself from to Israel. the idols of the nations, which are nothing in V. 18. Such a willingness to be delivered, as the world; and from all creatures, which have would induce the Israelites to use the means, only a derived, dependent, mutable, existence, encounter the difficulties, and face the dangers, in him and from him. Thus he proposed him-l requisite for that purpose, was so contrary to self as the only Object of his people's worship, ll their dispirited and desponding frame of mind, the sure Foundation of their hopes, and the all- | that it could only be effected by the powerful sufficient Fountain of their felicity. I AM THAT influence of God upon their hearts: but he here I AM. Not I was, but I am, and will be. With engaged to Moses, that he would thus prepare him the past, the present, and the future are all them in due time, to concur decidedly in his efone, as alike open to the view of his omni. forts for their deliverance.-The Elders seem science.-Let us not here forget him, whom the to have been the more aged and distinguished apostle declares to be “The same yesterday, to persons in the several tribes and families; but day, and for ever:” whom another apostle in it does not appear that they were invested with troduces saying, “I am Alpha, and Omega, the any authority. first, and the last;" and who, dwelling in human V. 19, 20." The Lord, when he engaged for fesh, said, with a noble disregard to the rules of Israel's willingness, warned Moses of Pharaoh's buman language, “Before Abraham was I am." obstinate and final unwillingness, that he might This evident assumption of the title, I AM THAT know what to expect.-Pharaoh reluctantly I Av. the unbelieving Jews at that day fully un-l consented, when under the terror of imminent derstood and for it attempted to stone him; || destruction; but he retracted that consent, and though modern unbelievers cannot or will not ll perished in opposing Israel's departure.

come to pass, that when ye go, ye shall ||of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put not go empty.

them upon your sons, and upon your 22 But every woman shall borrow of daughters; and ye shall u spoil * the her neighbor, and of her that sojourneth || Egyptians. in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels || u Job 27:16,17. Prov. 13:22. Is. * Or, Egypt. 11:2. 12:35. Gen. 15:14.

33:1. Ex. 39:10.

V. 21, 22. The oircumstances, in which the || ing bush, in which JEHOVAH dwells.—This is the Egyptians were placed, were over-ruled to in- ll privilege and security of every true Christian, duce multitudes of them to favor Israel; while with whom, when afflicted and tempted, we others were hardened to their destruction.--| should sympathize; but we need not be anxious The Israelites were directed to borrow, or rath about the event.-While men are strengthened er to ask, of the Egyptians, their richest fur- to inaintain the conflict, and to persevere in the niture and ornaments: and he who is the great! path of duty, they are not deserted by God, Proprietor of all things, and giveth to all men whaterer their fears or feelings may be; nor can as he pleases, seeing the Egyptians enriched by the fire, however hot, consume any thing but oppressing the Israelites, thus constrained thein the dross of remaining sinful inclinations. But to refund, and to pay them the wages which let the mere professor of the gospel tremble, their labor justly deserved. (Noles, 11:2,3. 12: even when exempt from temptation, opposition, 35,36. Gen. 31:10–16.)-The word borrow sug. or conflict; these he escapes because he walks gests the idea of fraud in the transaction; | according to the course of this world,” with which the original word does not imply. It which he will be condemned. And let the caremeans to ask, whether as a gift, or a loan.-A | less and presumptuous sinner also take warning; great part of this gold and silver was afterwards for he is proper fuel for the fire of God's venused in building and furnishing the tabernacle. geance, which will burn for ever, but never con

sume those who finally sink under it.

V. 7-12.
V. 1-6.

Oppressors and prosperous tyrants should reWhen the Lord exercises the faith and pa-|| member, that however they may elude or outtience of his servants, they should rest assured, brave human justice, and however God may dethat he acts in wisdom, faithfulness, and mercy; || fer to take vengeance, yet all their crimes are and that when the best time is come, their ex- | noted in his book; that their measure of iniquity pectation shall be abundantly answered: but is filling up; and they will speedily be made to such is the human heart, that the best of men | disgorge the prey which they have ravenously generally need preparing, by a long course of devoured, and to experience the vengeance of humiliating discipline, for behaving, when the Almighty; unless repentance and fruits meet greatly prospered, in a manner honorable to for repentance prevent their doom. (Luke 19:8, God and religion. It is therefore “good that a || 9.)-And let the oppressed recollect, that God man should both hope, and quietly wait for the is their peculiar Patron; that he counts their salvation of the LORD." But quietness and pa- | sighs and groans; and if he answers the mere tience must be distinguished from indolence: | cry of distress, "shall he nut avenge his own for the Lord always requires his servants to be elect, who cry day and night to him, though he employed, and meets them at their employ bear long with them? Yea, he will avenge them ments; and the meanest honest labor is more speedily.” But when he comes to avenge bis reputable to the greatest characters, than inac- | people on their oppressors, “will he find faith on tivity.--The discoveries of himself, which God lihe earth?" Alas, "hope deferred maketh the vonchsafes us, in his holy word and in his works, || heart sick:” and though true faith will not totally should be regarded with reverent attention, at fail; yet at such times it will often be very feeble, an equal distance from contemptuous indiffer- and expectations even of promised blessings exence, and bold curiosity.-Whatever stands in tremely languid. relation to God is consecrated and made holy;

V. 13–22. and though "bodily exercise profiteth little,” yet Let us be careful not to distrust and dishonor it is proper to express our inward reverence and the power, faithfulness, and love of God. He is adoration by such external tokens, as are custom-l the great I AM; "a thousand years with him are ary and significant. A decent exterior be- |but as one day:" he remembers his holy cove

or indeed may be hypocritical; but the neg-|| nant; he deals with his people according to the lect of it betrays a heart, not properly impress- abundance of his mercies; he forgives the muled with awe of the majesty and purity of God, || titude of their transgressions; and he sends denor suitably humbled under the sense of its own | liverance in its appointed season.-When Go: meanness and unworthiness: and the conde-employs any one in his service, he will certainly scending kindness of the Lord should not abate, go with him: but “before honor is humility;" but increase, this holy awe. In accommodation and success is frequently delayed or denied, to to our infirmities, God very graciously conde- | instruments otherwise qualified, because they do scends to address our senses, as well as under-|| not possess a humble spirit.—Yet nothing good standings: and by the burning bush he teaches is unalloyed in man, and the most unaffected huus many useful lessons. We need not tremble | mility may prove an occasion to irresolution, or for the Church of God in its lowest estate, || reluctance to the work which the Lord requires though it appear contemptible to the carnal eye, ll of us.—They who would be useful, must depen and seem ready to be consumed by the flames of upon God to make their endeavors acceptable persecution; for the Lord is in the bush, and it to their brethren; especially where such benefits cannot be injured. Never was bush so honor- are intended, as require men to exert themselves, able as that in which Jehovah dwelt, though it to endure hardship, and to face danger: and, if was on fire: and since the Son of God dwelt in we go in this dependence, he will secure our frail human nature, and passed throngh the hot. Il success with some; while we deliver our mestest fire of Satan's temptations, of the world's l sage to all, “whether they will hear, or whether hatred, and of the wrath of God for our sins; well they will forbear.”_But in Pharaoh's tyranny, need not be apprehensive about any poor burn-lland Israel's oppression, we see a picture of the




il 7 And he said, Put thine hand into thy The Lord assures Moses of his effectual assistance, by mirac

jibosom again: and he put his hand into his ulous signs and gracious promises, 1-12; and is angry at his backwardness to the service; yet appoints Aaron to assist him, bosom again, and plucked it out of his 13_17. Moses leaves Jethro, and sets out on his journey; and is charged witb a message to Pharaoh, 18–23. He is rebuked by the way; Zipporah circumcises her son: Aaron meets Moses, ll his wh

his other flesh.

o and they are welcomed by the Israelites, 24–31.

ND Moses answered, and said, But 8 And it shall come to pass, if they A behold, a they will not believe me, li will not believe thee, neither hearken to nor hearken unto my voice: for they will the voice of the first sign, that 'they say, The Lord hath not appeared unto

I believe the voice of the latter sign. thee.

9 And it shall come to pass, if they will 2 And the Lord said unto him, What not belicve also these two' signs, neither is that in thine hand? And he said, ó A rod. || hearken unto thy voice, that thou shalt

And he said. Cast it on the ground: take of the water of the river, and pour and he cast it on the ground, and it be- it upon the dry land: and the water which came a serpent: and Moses fled from be-thou takest out of the river, * shall become fore it.

m blood upon the dry land. . 4 And the LORD said unto Moses, d Putll 10 And Moses said unto the LORD, 0) forth thine hand, and take it by the tail. my Lord, I am not 1 eloquent, neither • And he put forth his hand and caught|li heretofore, nor since thou hast spoken it, and it became a rod in his hand. I unto thy servant: but I am "slow of speech,

5 That 'they may believe that & the land of a slow tongue. LORD God of their fathers, the God of! 11 And the LORD said unto him, ° Who Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God hath made man's mouth? or who maketh of Jacob, hath appeared unto thee.

thee. || the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the 6 And the LORD said furthermore unto || blind? have not I the LORD? him, Put now thy hand into thy bosom;

12 Now therefore go, and P I will be and he put his hand into his bosom; and li 2 Kings 5:14. Matt. 8:3. l 1 Heb. since yesterday, mer when he took it out, behold, his hand was k 30,31. Is. 28:10. John 12:37. since the third day.

1 Deut. 32:39. 2 Kings 5:7. Job in 6:12. Jer. 1:6. Acts 7:22. n leprous as snow.


To Ps. 51:15. 94:9. Is. 35:5,6. Ez.

* Heb. shall be, and shall be. 3:26,27. 33:22. # 31. 2:14. 3:18. Acts 7:25. le John 2.5.

m 1:22. 7:19–25. Matt. 7:2. p Is. 49:2. 50:4. Jer. 1:9. Matt. b 17,20. Lev. 27:32. Ps. 110: f 8. 3:18. 19:9. John 5:36. 11:1

John 2:8-11. Rev. 16:3_6.1. 10:19,20. Mark 13:11. Luke 12: 2. Is. 11:4. Mic. 7:14. | 15.42. 20:31. c 7:10—15. Am. 5:19. g 3:15.

Heb. a man of words. 1 Cor. 11,12. 21:14,15. Eph. 6:19.

2:1-4.2 Cor. 10:10. 11.6. d Ps. 91:13. Mark 16:18. Lukeh Num. 12:10. 2 Kings 5:27. 10:19. Acts 28:3-6.

sinner's miserable and abject submission: how-ventured at God's command to seize it by the ever galled with the yoke of Satan, he still tail, and it again became a harmless rod. This drudges on, till the Lord sends redemption. was intended to shew him, that the performance With the invitations of his gospel, he communi- of a similar miracle before his people, would cates the life-giving, drawing, and teaching in- convince them that the Lord had sent him. fluences of his Spirit; and thus men are made V. 6, 7. This sign denoted, that God could willing to seek and strive for deliverance: then easily remove Israel's sin, though they were unSatan loses his power to retain them; they come clean as the leprous hand; that he could employ forth with all they have and are, and consecrate Moses's ministry, though feeble and unworthy the whole to the glory of God and the service of in itself, and by him inflict his plagues on Egypt, his Church,

or remove them as he pleased; and that he could

effect the deliverance of his people by the most NOTES.

unlikely means, notwithstanding the most pow. CHAP. IV. V. 1-5. The Lord had expressly | erful opposition.-It is very probable that the assured Moses, that the people should hearken to absurd story, mentioned by Josephus, of Moses him, (3:18.) so that his objection was unreason- and the Israelites being driven out of Egypt, beable, and a proof that his faith was wavering. I cause infected with leprosy, was derived from Yet it was proper he should be informed, that some distorted tradition of this miraculous sigo. the Lord would authenticate his commission by! V. 10. Moses supposed that great eloquence miracles, both to Israel and to Pharaoh.-The would be requisite, both to persuade Israel, and rod in his hand was probably a common staff, or to plead before Pharaoh: and he objected, that shepherd's crook; but it was now consecrated to in the Egyptian court be had, at all former God, to be the token of his presence and oper- times, been defective in the gift of a ready and ation, and was therefore afterwards called "the graceful elocution; and that even since the rod of God.” When waved by the hand of Mo- Lord had spoken to him, he had experienced no ses or Aaron, it was a token to Israel of guidance, alteration in this respect. We read, however, encouragement, and protection; but to Egypt, it that he "was mighty in words” as well as deeds: was the appointed token of desolating judgments, and so was St. Paul, though he affected no ellike the mortal bite of the most poisonous ser- oquence, and was deemed by some "in speecb pent. In this it was also a type of the gospel, contemptible.” They both could speak with en

the rod of the Redeemer's strength,” (Ps. 110: ergy and to the purpose, though not with the en2.) which is a savor of life to some and of death to ticing words and delusive charms of huinan orothers.—Though Moses was greatly affrighted atory. at the serpent thus miraculously produced, which slow of speech.) Joywodwyos. Sepl.-Of a slenseems to have been very formidable; yet his der voice, or speaking with hesitation and interfaith was so far strengthened by the sign, that he'! ruptions of voice.

with thy mouth, and teach thee what thou || thine hand, wherewith thou shalt do shalt say.


[Practical Observations. ] 13 And he said, O my Lord, I send I || 18 And Moses went and returned pray thee, by the hand of him whom thou | to * Jethro his father-in-law, and said • wilt send.

unto him, « Let me go, I pray thee, and 14 And 'the anger of the LORD was return unto my brethren, which are in kindled against Moses; and he said, Is not Egypt, b and see whether they be yet Aaron the Levite thy brother? I know | alive. And Jethro said to Moses, Go in that he can speak well. And also behold, peace. • he cometh forth to meet thee: and when 19 And the LORD said unto Moses in he seeth thee, he will be glad in his Midian, Go, return into Egypt: d for all heart.

ll the men are dead which sought thy life. 15 And thou shalt speak unto him; | 20 And Moses took his wife, and his (and put words in his mouth: U and I will | sons, and set them upon an ass, and he be with thy mouth and with his mouth, returned to the land of Egypt. And and will teach you what ye shall do. Moses took e the rod of God in his hand.

16 And he shall be thy spokesman 21 And the LORD said unto Moses, unto the people: and he shall be, even y he || When thou goest to return into Egypt, shall be to thee instead of a mouth, and see that thou do all those wonders before thou shalt be to him instead of God. Pharaoh, which I have put in thine hand:

17 And thou shalt take ? this rod in but I will harden his heart, that he shall q 1 Kings 19:4. Jer. 20:9. Ez. | 17:1,2. 2 Sam. 14:3. Is. 61:16. not let the people go. 3:14,15. Jon. 1:3.

| Heb. Jether. See • Or, shonldst. u Num. 22:38, 23:5,12,16. Deut.

Gen. 6:3. Deut. 2:30_-33,36

Josh. 11:20. 1 Kings 22.22. Is. c 1 Sam. 1:17. Luke 7:50. Acts


17:3,13. 9:12,35. 10:1.20. 14:8.

1 a 1 Tin. mer. See on 3:1.

Luke 9:59.60. Acts 15:38. Phil. 18:18. Matt. 28:20. 1 Cor. 11:ll b Gen. 45:3. Acts 15:36.

2:21. . 27. 1 Sam. 10:1-7. Mark 14:x Deut. 5:31.

16:36. 13-15. 2 Cor. 2:13. 7:6,7. 11 y 7:1,2. John 10:34,35.

d 2:15,23. Matt. 2:20. z 7:9,19.

e 17:9. Num. 20:8,9.

Mark 14:1.23. 15:12

6:10. 63:17. John 12:40. Rom. 1:28. 9:18. 11:8-10. 2 Cor. 2:16. 2 Thes. 2:10%-12. 1 Pet. 2:8.

Thes. 3.2 Cor. 2:

V. 11, 12. The Lord alone originally gave was the superior in this commission: the word to Adam and his posterity the inexplicable pow of God came first to him; and he dictated to er of articulate speech; and he is the sole Au Aaron what he should speak, as God put his thor of the disparity, which subsists among men words into the mouth of his propbets. in these and other endowments: could he not V. 18. Moses, now resolved to obey the heav. therefore easily remove from Moses this imped. I enly vision, intimated to Jethro, (who had beiment, if he saw that a more fluent and graceful haved with great kindness,) that he was about utterance was requisite for him?-It may be use to leave him, as one who asked his permission ful to compare Jehovah's promise to Moses, to visit his afflicted brethren: (Gen. 31:30.) but it with our Lord's words to his disciples, “I will does not appear that he informed him of the pargive you a mouth and wisdom, which all your ticulars. Thus he parted amicably from him, adversaries shall not be able to gainsay, or re and the mutual affection between them was not sist.” Can any but God "give a mouth and wis interrupted. The intercourse between nations dom?" (Note, Luke 21:12–19.)

was at that time very difficult; and the peculiar V. 13. Send by any one else, only excuse circumstances in which Moses was placed, might 'me as incompetent. (Noles, Is. 6:5-.) preclude him from inquiring after, or learning,

V. 14. Moses's unbelief, aud reluctance to the condition of his brethren. engage in this arduous and dangerous service, V. 19. This revelation to Moses in Midian excited the divine displeasure; which probably i seems to have been distinct from that at Ho. was shewn by some sensible token, perhaps by reb.-A secret dread of Pharaoh and the Egypthe fire in the bush becoming more vehement: tians, as incensed against him for his former yet the Lord did not supersede his commission; 1 conduct, was one cause of his reluctance: and it but in condescension to his weakness, and per- does not appear that the Lord informed him that haps also as a gentle rebuke, he assigned him his enemies were dead, till he bad first set about an assistant, who should share the danger, the obeying his command. burden, and the honor. Thus Christ sent out v. 2i. Harden) God never communicates his disciples by two and two; and several of “hardness," or wickedness, to the heart of man, them were brethren.-We are not inforined, in by a positive act; "for he cannot be tempted of what station Aaron had hitherto lived: but he evil, neither tempteth he any man.” But, when seems to have enjoyed many advantages of edu- il provoked by atrocious crimes, he gives a person cation, probably by means of Moses; and he up to his own heart's Justs; he permits Satan to had become remarkable for eloquence. Per- entice, deceive, and blind him; and he takes off haps this might occasion his being called “Aaron | those providential restraints, by which mnany are the Levite," as a person of eminence among the kept from wickedness, because they have not descendants of Levi.-The Lord had revealed opportunity or power to commit it, or dare not himself to Aaron, at the same time as he did to through fear or shame. When a man is thus Moses, and had directed him to meet him (27). left, commands, warnings, judgments, and deliv2'his remarkable concurrence would encourage erances, every truth in Scripture and every disboth of them.

pensation of Providence, prove the occasion of V. 15. With his mouth.] Though Aaron was increasing obduracy and insensibility, pride and eloquent, yet he could not speak to any good presumption.-By ibis general declaration, Mopurpose without the teaching and assistance of l ses was taught to expect and prepare for diffithe Lord.

culty and opposition; and the subsequent history V. 16. Moses, though the younger brother, I will give an abundant opportunity of stating the

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