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19 And the midwives said unto Pha-|| 21 And it came to pass, because the raoh, Because the Hebrew women are not midwives feared God, that he made them as the Egyptian women: for they are houses. lively, and are delivered ere the mid- 22 And Pharaoh charged all his pcowives come in unto them.
ple, saying, "Every son that is born ye 20 Therefore u God dealt well with the shall cast into the river, and every daughmidwives: and the people multiplied and ter ye shall save alive. waxed very mighty.
x 1 Sam. 2:35. 2 Sam. 7:11–1 7:19–21. Acts 7:19. Rev, 16. t Josh. 2:4. 2 Sam. 17:19,20. 8:12. Is. 3:10. Heb. 6:10.
13,27--29. 1 Kings 2:24. 11:1 4-6.
. Ps. 41:1,2. Prov. 11:18. Ec.
V. 19. Through the peculiar blessing of God, I did their most rapid increase commence, til we may suppose, that this was generally the after the death of Joseph, their chief friend; for case; yet not so but that the midwives might | God will secure to himself the glory of fulfilling have had many opportunities of murdering the his own promises. Thus was the Christian infants, had they been so disposed.-Provided church more especially increased after the death we do not speak falsehood, the strictest veraci- of Jesus; and thus hath vital religion, in all ty does not at all times require us to speak all ages, most prospered under the pressure of sethat we know, though our silence should lead vere persecutions. By this the Lord covers his men into error; provided such error be no injury enemies with confusion, and teaches his people to them, or to others: and silence must still more “not to fear them who kill the body, and after evidently be allowable, when it prevents the that have no more that they can do.' commission of sin.-When, however, a measure of infirmity or error undesignedly attends the
V. 8—22. conduct of those, who uprightly fear God, and
| It is an old practice of “the accuser of the aim to do his will; he graciously' pardons what is
| brethren” and his servants, to vindicate their defective, and recompenses what is good: for in
cruel treatment of God's people, by aspersing this case, there is no intention of "doing evil:
their characters, pretending to suspect them of that good may come.”
bad designs, or averring that their increase v.21. God rewarded the midwives, for their would be dangerous to the state: they therefore concurrence in the increase and prosperity of should endeavor, by well-doing and patient sufIsrael, by the increase and prosperity of their | Tering to confute such calumnies, and prove own families.
themselves quiet and useful members of society V. 22. Probably Pharaoh proposed consider
But though we may suffer unjustly from men, able rewards for these services. Thus the land
God is just in all that he inflicts upon us by their would be filled with mercenary informers and
hands: and it is a singular favor to be kept from murderers: numbers of infants would doubtless
sinful compliances, or conformity to the world, be slain in the arms, and before the eyes, of
even by severe corrections.-The word of God their distressed and almost distracted mothers;
frequently calls that deceit, injustice, cruelty, and had not he, who says to the swelling ocean,
1 yea folly, which men account acting “wisely;" “Hitherto shalt thou go and no further,” under
for such “wisdom is earthly, sensual, devilish," taken for the increase of Israel, they must have
land such politicians are eventually “taken in been desolated.-Pharaoh at this time,(as Herod their own craftiness.”—There is no degree of did long after,) proved his relation to that great
treachery and inhumanity, to which the spirit of dragon, who sought to destroy the man-child as
persecution will not prompt; and they who are soon as it was born. (Rev. 12:4.)
actuated by it, seldom fail of finding instrjments as destitute of honor and conscience as
themselves. But if they meet with those who PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS.
truly fear God, neither bribes nor terrors will V. 1—7.
prevail upon them to sin against him; and be The very titles of these first two books in the I will plead their cause, and recompense their Bible remind us, that the history of man is little conscientious disobedience to the unlawful commore than a narrative of his beginning, and of mands of men.-But as we see, in this history, his departure. Thus one generation is swept | the church of God groaning under persecution; away after another, and nothing remains except so we may, by viewing the object in another the names of a very few, and some of them cov light, see the miserable condition of Satan's ered with infamy! Happy they, whose names wretched bond-slaves, who are so enslaved to are written in the book of life; and enrolled their lusts that they never can deliver them there as true Israelites, and heirs of Heaven! selves, however miserable or affrighted, until the How soon may the sun of prosperity be darken Lord sends them redemption by his word and ed, by the deepest cloud of adversity; and the powerful grace. Nor should we here forget, place of our refuge become the scene of our that this enemy, who by Pharaoh aimed to demisery! our best friends succeeded by enemies, ll stroy the church in its very infancy, is equally and our best services repaid with ingratitude! | busy to stifle the first risings of serious reflecWe should therefore trust the Lord alone: for as lions in the heart of man; and thence to "take nothing can hasten the accomplishment of his away the seed of the word, lest we should bepurpose, before the appointed time; so nothing | lieve and be saved;" and lest these feeble begincan retard it, when that season arrives.-For the nings should increase, and we grow strong space of above two hundred years, while Abra enough to renounce his service. Let them ham, Isaac, Jacob, and their families, lived at therefore who would escape, “take more earliberty, in peace, and in prosperity and afflu- | nest beed to the things which they hear;" be ence, they only increased to seventy persons: || afraid of sinning against the testimony of their but afterwards in about the same number of consciences; and without delay cry fervently to years, under galling oppression and cruel bon- | the Lord for deliverance, and continue to pray dage, they multiplied into a large nation! Norl with persevering constancy.
wasoma and when she sasived, and bare
|| the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it. Moses is born, and exposed in an ark among the flags, 1-4. He | 6 And when she had opened it she saw
is found by Pharaoh's daughter, 6, 6; who employs his own
$ said, This is one of the Hebrews' chilthe cry of the Israelites, 23—26.
dren. A ND there went a man of the house | 7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh's
1 of Levi, and took to wife a daughter daughter, Shall I go, and call to thee a of Levi.
nurse of the Hebrew women, that she 2 And the woman conceived, and bare
|| may nurse the child for thee? a son: and when she saw him that hell 5 And Pharaoh's daughter said unto was a goodly child, she hid him three her, i Go. And the maid went and callmonths.
ed the child's mother. 3. And when she could not longer 9 And Pharaoh's daughter said unto hide him, she took for him “an ark of her, Take this child away and nurse it bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and for me, and I will give thee thy wages. with pitch, and put the child therein; and | And the woman took the child, and nursshe laid it in the flags by the river's brink. ||
ed it. 4 And ' his sister stood afar off, to wit 10 And the child grew, and she what would be done to him.
| brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, 5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came |
on camellk and he became her son. And she calldown to, wash herself at the river, anded his name * Moses: and she said, 'Beher maidens walked along by the river's || cause I drew him out of the water. side: and 8 when she saw the ark among
[Practical Obserdutions.] a 6:16–20. Vum. 26:59. ile Gen. 6:14. 11:3. 14:10.
h 1 Kings 8:50. Neh. 1:11. Ps. | 4:5. 1 John 3:1. Chr. 6:1-3. 23:12-14. 1 15:20. Num. 2:1-15. 20:1. || 106:40. Acts 7:21.
That is, Drawn out. b Acts 7:20. Heb. 11:23. 26:59. Mic. 6:4.
i Ps. 27:10. Is. 46:3,4. Ez. 16:8. I Gen. 4:25. 16:11. Sam. 1:20. € 1:22. Matt. 2:13,16. Acts 7:19. lg 1 Kings 17:6. Ps. 46:1, 76:10.
Prov. 21:1. Jon. 1:17. 2:10.
|| k Gen. 48:5. Acts 7:21,22. Gal. Matt. 1:21.
d is, 18:2.
perished, or been devoured by the crocodiles CHAP. II. v. 2. Miriam, Moses's sister, with which the Nile abounds, if Pharaoh's ser. must have been at least ten years older than he, vants had not found him. But she acted in as it is evident from the history in this chapter: faith, and the Lord answered her expectation. and Aaron was three years older than Moses: 1-Perhaps she intended to take him home in but it does not appear that his preservation was the evening, if nothing had intervened; and to attended with any peculiar difficulty; and from carry him out again in the morning, so that if this we may infer, with some degree of proba- sought after he might not be found. bility at least, that the last bloody edict was not V.5-9. Had any other persons found the then enacted. Aaron was born eighty-three exposed infant, they would scarcely bave daryears before the Exodus, and Joseph died about led to preserve its life, even if they had been a hundred and forty-five years before that event: disposed to do so: but Pharaoh's daughter, with the edict therefore could not be passed less than her attendants, passing near that part of the sixty-two years after the death of Joseph. But river, in going to some convenient place for it is not known, how long that prince, “who bathing, (which was customary, not only for knew not Joseph,” had reigned before the edict' refreshment, but as a religious observance,) was made.-Moses when born appeared to be she discovered the ark, and sent for it. Thé a goodly child; and the notice taken of this in beautiful babe weeping excited her compasseveral places, indicates that something extra- sion, so that she determined to bring him up: ordinary was observed in him, which was con- and when his sister, (probably after some delay, sidered as an intimation of his future greatness. and observing that the company was at a loss His mother therefore hid him three months, how to proceed,) offered to fetch a Hebrew wowhich the apostle informs us was done in faith. man to nurse the child, she was sent for one: (Heb. 11:23.) Either she had some peculiar as- | thus bis own mother was employed to purse surance given her of his preservation, or believ- him, and well rewarded for her pains!—The ing in general the promises of deliverance to manner in which the great Ruler of the world Israel, she was encouraged to conceal her in- accomplishes his secret purposes, without at fant, in dependence on God, though perhaps at all interfering with the free agency of his rathe hazard of her own life.
tional creatures, by imperceptibly leading V. 3, 4. It is probable, that the mother of them, in following their own inclinations and Moses had received some intimation, that she judgments, to such measures as coincide with was discovered, and expected that the execu-il his plans, is very observable in all these cirtioners would come and murder the child in the cumstances.-With what admiring joy and house before her eyes. She therefore took for him gratitude must Moses's mother have engaged an ark, or a small basket, formed of rushes, and in her delightful office! And how must she have made water-proof, by being coated with a kind | adored the hand of God, in so marvellously an. of bitumen and pitch within and without. (Note,swering, and far exceeding, her believing exIs. 18:2.) Expecting some providential inter pectations!-A great variety of traditions are position in his behalf, and under the secret handed down to us concerning these events: guidance of the Lord, she placed Moses in this but as there is no certainty in any of them, and ark, concealed it among ihe flags on the side they are neither interesting nor edifying, they of the river, and set his sister to watch it. This i may very properly be omitted. The narration expedient did not seem likely to answer for as we have it is beautifully simple and concise. any time; as the infant must at length havell V. 10. After Moses had continued a proper
nm Moses was down by a well., priest of Mid
B.C. 11 And it came to pass in ses fled from the face of Pharaoh; and 1583. I those days, when m Moses was dwelt in the land of Midian; and usat grown, that he went out unto his breth-| down by a well. ren, and looked on their n burdens: and 16 Now the + priest of Midian had he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, seven daughters: and they came and one of his brethren.
drew water, and filled the troughs lo 12 And he looked this way and that water their father's Hock. way, and when he saw that there was no 17 And y the shepherds came and man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in drove them away: but Moses stood up the sand.
|| and helped them, and watered their 13 And when he went out the second flock. day, behold, two men of the Hebrews 18 And when they came to ? Reuel strove together: P and he said to him that their father he said, How is it that you are did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou come so soon to-day? thy fellow?
19 And they said, ' An Egyptian de14 And he said, 'Who made thee *a | livered us out of the hand of the shepprince and a judge over us? Intendest herds, and also drew water enough for thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyp- us, and watered the flock. tian? And Moses feared, and said, Sure-1 20 And he said unto his daughiers, ly this thing is known.
|| And where is he? Why is it that ye have 15 Now when Pharaoh heard this left the man? · Call him that he may cat thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Mo-|| bread.
s 4:19. 1 Kings 19:1-3,13,14. Sam. 9.11. m Acts 7:23. Heb. 11:24–95. | Num. 16:3,13. Ps. 2:2–6. Jer. 26:21-23. Matt. 10:23. y Gen. 21:25. 26:15–22. n]:11. 3:7. 5:9--14. Is. 08:6. Matt. 21:23. Luke 12:14. 19:||| Acts 7:29.
2 3:1. 4:18. 18:1-12. Jethre. Matt. 11:28. Luke 4:18. 14.27, Acts 7:26-28,35. t Gen. 25:2,4.
Num. 10:29. Raguel. o Acts 7:24--26. • Heb. a man, a prince.
u Gen. 24:11. 8 :2. John 4:6. la Gen. 60:11. DI Cor. 6:7,8. r Prov. 19:12. 29.25.
+ Or, prince. Gen. 14:18. 41:45. b Gen. 29:10. q Gen. 19.9. 37:8-11,19,20
c Gen. 24:31–33. 29:13. 31:64.
x Gen. 24:14–20. 29:6–10. 1 | 43:25. time with his mother, (from whom he no doubt opportunity of delivering Israel: perhaps he in. learnt whose son he was, and received the gen-tended openly to join their interests, expecting eral principles of true religion, he was edu-l that they would cordially welcome bim, and cated and provided for, as the adopted son of concur with him in suitable measures; and, Pharaoh's daughter. Tradition reports that considering himself as acting under a divine she was Pharaoh's only child, and had no off-commission, in defence of the oppressed, he spring of her own, and that Moses was looked took an opportunity of executing just punishupon as presumptive heir to the crown; but all ment on one cruel oppressor. In this he seems this is very duubtful.--We know however to have acted rather prematurely; for the spir. from better authority, that he was learned in its of the Israelites were sunk, their disposiall the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was migh-lj tions becoine servile, and faith and hope were ty in words and in deeds." He was certainly || almost extinguished among them. much trusted and employed; and in Egypt he |1. 13–15. When Moses had entered on the 'acquired those accomplishments, which were execution of his design, he seems to have inafterwards requisite for him, in the important||tended daily to proceed in it: but he was disservices of standing before Pharaoh, and gov- l couraged by finding that his brethren, in their erning Israel.
quarrels with each other, were no more dispos. v. 11, 12. (Note, Heb. 11:24—26.) During led to submit to his authority or award, than the forty years Moses seems to have lived as an Egyptians were; and discovering that his conEgyptian, and as men of high rank generally || duct, in slaying the Egyptian, was known, he do, and not particularly to have regarded his op- was aware that the Egyptians would deeply repressed brethren; but at this time it came into sent it. Perceiving also that the Israelites bis heart to visit them,” under a firm persua. would not stand by him, and learning soon afsion that God by his hand would deliver them,” ter that the king sought to slay him, his faith and supposing they would thus understand it. and courage failed him, and he too hastily con. He likewise deliberately purposed to renouncecluded, that his only safety lay in leaving the the honors, wealth, and pleasures of his rank | country.-Thus the deliverance of Israel was ainong the Egyptians; to cast his lot among | delayed forty years, because they rejected Abraham's seed, and to participate in their their deliverer. In the mean time Égypi filled privileges, especially their relation to the up, and Canaan was filling up, the measure of promised Savior; for ibe sake of which he was their iniquities; the Israelites were rapidly inwilling to share in the reproach and affliction creasing; and Moses was learning to endure which they endured as the people of God. hardship, to exercise faith, patience, and meekWe suppose that his mother had informed him pess; and to walk with God in the lowly and reof his real descent, and he would naturally feel | tired life of a shepherd. an attachment to his people: but he was now | V. 16. Priest.] 'Or prince. (Marg.) Probably made a partaker of that “faith which over- || Reuel (18) was prince of a small district npon comes the world;" and, supremely valuing the the eastern shore of the Red Sea; and, still reblessings of the new covenant throngh the Re- taining among his people some knowledge of deemer, he was willing, not only to risk, but to the true God, and regard to his worship, he renounce and suffer all for his sake; assured acted also as a priest over them. The Midian. that Israel was the people of God, and that the ites were the descendants of Abraham by Ke promises made to them would certainly be ac- turah. (Gen. 25:2.) complished. He therefore went out to seek anll V. 17. Perhaps these shepherds were the
21 And Moses was d content to dwell||of the bondage, and they cried; and their with the man: and he gave Moses e Zip-||* cry came up unto God, by reason of the porah his daughter.
| bondage. 22 And she bare him a son, and he 24 And 'God heard their groaning, and called his name Gershom: ' for he said, I|God m remembered his covenant with have been a stranger in a strange land. || Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.
23 And it came to pass in process of 25 And God - looked upon the chillime, that " the king of Egypt died; and || dren of Israel, and God * had respect the children of Israel sighed by reason unto them. 19. Gen. 31:38—40. Phil. 4: 1 $ 7:7. Acts 7:30.
k 3:7–9. 22:22- 27. Gen 4:10 | Neh. 9:8,9. Ps. 105:8—11,42. 11.12. 1 Tim. 6:6, Heb. 11:25. 5 4:19. Matt. 2:19,20. Acts 12:|| 18:20,21. Deut. 24:15. Is. 5:7. 106:45. Luke 1:72,73. 13:5. Jam. 1:10. 23,24. Jam. 5:4.
n 4:31. I Sam. 1:11. 2 Sam. 16. « 4:20–25. 18:2–6. Num. 12:1. i Gen. 16:11. Num. 20:16.
1 6:5. Judg. 2:18. Ps. 79:11. 102: 12. Job 33:27. Luke 1:25. (10. 18:3. Acts 7:29. Heb.11: Deut. 26:7. Ps. 12:5.
* Heb. knew. 3:7. Ps. 1:6. Matt. 13.
m Gen. 15:14-18. 26:3. 46:4. / 7.23.
servants of some other neighboring person, who their very enemies, and their sharpest trials end was rich in flocks and herds.-The scarcity of most comfortably: and God takes care in his water, in those hot and sandy regions, gave oc- ll providence to qualify both them, and theirs, casion to these contentions.
for whatever service or situation he intends for V. 21. Content.] This was a singular exam them. For he very often furnishes the minds ple of one, brought up as Moses had been, sub of those whom he means to employ, even while mitting cheerfully to so laborious a business, llinattentive to religion, with those acquisitions and to be a servant also in that employment. of knowledge, which afterwards prove very use. Yet without doubt these forty years were the ful in fitting them for the services to which they happiest of bis life.-The events of a long peri- l are appointed; but which they would neither od are here very briefly touched on.-Probably have had leisure por inclination to attain, had Moses had lived a considerable time with Reuel, | they previously minded “the one thing need. before he gave him his daughter; or else he was || ful." long married before Zipporah had any chil
V. 11-25. dren; for after forty years one of his sons seems How powerful a principle is true faith! How to have been very young. (4:25.)
it overcomes the love of the world and the fear
of the cross, even when they oppose it with their PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. utmost force! The favor of God, an interest in V. 1-10.
Christ, and an inheritance among his people, We should take occasion from reading of the are the pre-eminent objects of every believer's cruel scenes, which these Hebrew parents wit. || desire: this, joined to the love of Christ and atnessed, and the bitter sorrows which they felt, ll tachment to his cause, prepares him for making to be thankful that we can bring up our chil- every requisite sacrifice; and that faith which dren with security and comfort. still howev. refuses to do this is not genuine.-But they, er they are exposed to so many perils, that the who boldly enter upon services for God, must heart of a tender parent must often heave with not only expect fierce opposition from his avowanxious sighs about them: except as enabled, ed enemies; but great discouragement from the by the prayer of faith, to commit them to the lukewarmness, contempt, cowardice, and incare of the Almighty; and to use all means gratitude of bis professed servants. And while for their welfare, temporal and spiritual, in contentions among brethren, disgrace and dependence upon his providence and grace. weaken the common cause of religion; be that Then, indeed, we are prepared for every event: would “set them at one again,” however gently, for if the Lord have any service for them to must expect to be reproached, as taking too perform, he will preserve their lives, though in much upon him: and this perhaps by both parthe midst of dangers; and surely every Chris ties, but assuredly by the party which is most tian parent would rather resign the dearest in-lin the wrong, and which is always the most imfant to death, than wish it to live wicked, mis- | patient of control. These disappointments, chievous, and miserable. And methinks onr however, help to correct the forwardness and gracious God says to the believer, when pre self-sufficiency of hasty zeal, and to prepare senting his infant-offspring to him in baptism, men for their work in its due season.-But our or pouring out his prayers in its behalf: "Take impatience is apt to interpret delays, as deniala; home this child, and bring it up for me, and I to yield to discouragement, when we should will pay thee thy wages." In obedience then only be humbled; and from rash impetuosity to to his command and in expectation of his bless- sink into unbelieving negligence: and perhaps ing, let us bring up our children in the nurture it requires stronger faith, to be contented in and admonition of the Lord,” and cheerfully obscurity and neglect, cheerfully to labor withleave the event with bim.--Even among the out any prospect of applause, and patiently to blood-thirsty Egyptians, we meet with a beauti- | prepare and wait for future opportunities of ful example of humanity, which will rise up in service, without despondency; than to face judgment against numbers, who live under the danger, out-brave reproach, and suffer perse. light of revelation, and are called Christians; cution in some eminent sphere of usefulness.but who are so far from compassionating the The providence of God will find a refuge, and children of others, that they are indolently and raise up friends, for his people; communion with negligently cruel to their own offspring!—They him sweetens every solitude and trial; and it is who carefully watch the conduct of God's prov- our wisdom to inure ourselves to self-denial, idence, experience many signal interpositions that we may be fit for whatever is before us.in their favor, wbich excite their admiration | To assist the weak, and vindicate the oppressand gratitude, strengthen their faith, and en-led, to shew kindness and use hospitality, and courage their hope for the future, and thus well || requite those who have been serviceable to us, recompense their attention. They frequently are always becoming; nor is modest diligence, find their wants supplied, perhaps even from llin any business useful or lawful, a disgrace to
Il 3 And Moses said, I will now turn
Moses feeds the flock of Jetbro, 1. God appears to him in a
Aame of fire in a busb; and sends him to deliver Israel, 2-12, Moses inquires, and is told, the name of God, 13, 14. He is instructed what to speak to Israel, and to Pharaoh, whose decided opposition is foretold, 15-19, and is assured that at last the people shala leave Egypt greatly enriched, 20-22.
| 4 And when the LORD saw that he
turned aside to see, God called unto him TOW Moses « kept the flock of li out of the midst of the bush, and said
Jethro his father-in-law, the priest | Moses, Moses. And he said, Here of Midian: and he led the flock to the lam l. . backside of the desert, and came to | 5 And he said, i Draw not nigh c the mountain of God, even to 4 Horeb. | hither: k put off thy shoes from off thy
2 And the e Angel of the LORD ap-feet, for the place whereon thou standpeared unto him in a flame of fire out of lest is holy ground. the midst of a bush: and he looked, and || 6 Moreover he said, 'I am the God behold, the bush burned with fire, and of thy father, the God of Abraham, the the bush was not consumed.
God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. a Ps. 78:70_72. Am. 1:1. 7: _ 4,6. Gen. 16:7--13. 22:15,16.
14. Matt. 4:18,19. Luke 2:8. 48:16. Deut. 33:16. Is. 63:9. b 2:16. 18:1-6. Num. 10:29. Hos. 12:4,5. Mal. 3:1. Acts 7:1lg Ps. 111:2-4. Acts 7:31. lk Gen. 28:16,17. Josh. 5:15. Judg. 4:11. | 30-35.
16 Gen. 22:1,11. 46:2. 1 Sam. 3: Ec. 5:1. Acts 7:33. c 5. 18:5. 19:3,11. 1 Kings 19:8. Gen. 15:13-17. Deut. 4:20. 10. Acts 9:4. 10:3,13.
1 15. Gen. 17:7.8. 28:13. 1 d 17:6. Deut. 1:6. 4:10. Ps. 106: Ps. 66:12. Is. 43:2. Dan. 3:27.
i 19:12,21. Lev. 10:3. Heb. 19: Kings 18:36. Matt. 22:52. 19. Mal. 4:4. 2 Cor. 1:3-10. 20.
the daughters either of a prince or a priest. instruct men in the knowledge and worsbip of When assistance appears to us most distant, || the true God, and to withdraw them from idol. and deliverance most improbable, they are atry of every kind; if we do not allow the docoften near at hand. To God all things are easy, I trine of the coequality and deity of the Son of and his whole plan lies before him: he remem God, and that he is the Speaker in this place?bers his holy covenant; and, for the purposes of || Fire is a scriptural emblem of the divine holihis own glory, he will appear for his people,lness and justice; of that vengeance which, in notwithstanding their sins. Even their groans, I his righteous indignation, God inflicts on sinextorted by oppression, have a share of his ners; of the afflictions and trials by which lie compassionate attention; and in the darkest proves and purifies his people, whether immedinight of affliction, when they begin to cry toately, or by instruments, and even of that baphim, the day of deliverance will speedily dawn. || tism of the Holy Ghost, by which the dross of -Finally, if Satan's work ceases nct, for want | sinful affections is consumed, and the soul transof a succession of instruments; the Lord in an- || formed into its own nature and image. (Nole, swer to our prayers, will certainly furnish la- || Mall. 3:11,12.-This fire was seen in a bush, borers for his harvest, in all ages, unto the end not in a cedar. A bramble or thorn bush is of the world.
prickly, and of little use except for fuel, but
easily and speedily burnt; yet the bush was not NOTES.
consumed. The emblem was primarily intendChap. III. V. 1. Some expositors are of opin
ed to describe the state of Israel in Egypt; their ion, that Revel, or Raguel, was grandfather to
meanness and unworthiness, their extreme disZipporah, that Jethro was he:r father, and that
tress, and their marvellous preservation by the Hobab, afterwards mentioned, was her brother:
power and presence of God: but Israel was in others suppose that Reuel was her father, and
this a type of the Church, exposed to persecuthat Jethro was her brother, and brother-in-law
tion; and of a believer, grievously harassed by to Moses, which the word may signify: but the
temptations and affictions. It has also been Septuagint use the names Reuel and Jethro, in
thought, that the fire in the bush represented discriminately, for the father-in-law of Moses.
the manner in which the law would be given (2:18. Num. 10:29.)– Jloreb was called the
from the adjacent mountain; the nature of that mountain of God” by way of anticipation; as
law as given to sinners; and the deliverance of Moses wrote for those, who knew it by that title
the people from the destruction to which they after the law had there been given.-Sinai and
were thus exposed. The name Sinai scems de Hureb are supposed to be two surnmits of a rived from the word (
G30) rendered a bush, mountain, which had the same base. It was either with reference to this bush, or to the situated in the interior parts of the desert, at bushes which grew upon it. some considerable distance from Jethro's habi- V. 4, 5. No appearance of the Lord is record tation; and probably Moses led the flock thither | ed since Jacob's descent into Egypt, above to for better pasturage. Moses was taken from hundred years before; and Moses, when ad*the sheep-fold, (as David in after times,) to be | dressed by name, must have been as much sur. (ruler of God's people: "for as hunting of wild || prised by what he heard, as by what he saw.obcasts,' says Philo, 'is proper to men of a mar-i He might reverently at a distance contemplate
tial genius, and fits men to be captains and the object before him, for his instruction and generals of armies: so the feeding of sheep is encouragement; but he must not presume to "the best exercise and preparation for a king- gratify his curiosity, by a nearer approach, or
dom, and the gentle government of man- | by particular examination. He was also direct. "kind.'' Bp. Patrick,—These governors were ed to put off his shoes, as an external token of also types of the “Good Shepherd who laid down humble reverence; for the spot became holy his life for the sheep."
ground by this vision of the Almighty, and V. 2. This Angel is afterwards called JEHO- || should thus be regarded by him. Probably, this vah, and God (4, 6).-"God called to him out of was, at that time and in those countries, a custhe midst of the bush;" and he said, “I AM THAT tomary expression of reverence and venerationI am.” With what propriety can this language (Note, Josh. 5:13—15.)—It is supposed by many be used, in a revelation expressly intended to learned men, that the priests officiated barefoot