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Castration, as justly to be used by

the magistrates to make chaste, Articles (of the church of England) as force to promote religion, 81

the 13th argued from against Ceremonies, of the Jews, were begforce in religion,

397 garly elements, and much more the 17th argued from to the those which are human, 157 same purpose,

521 Christians, some so called are of Athanasius's Creed, of the damna different religions,

55 tory sentence in it, 410 Christianity, prevailing without Atheism, charged by some, upon all force, a mark of its truth, 63, 64 who differ from thein, 414 Church, what it is,

13, 26 is not to be tolerated by

none born a member of it, magistrates, 416

13 the power of it, 32

has no authority to perseB. cute,


magistrates have no power Bentley, (Dr.) his judgment of the to enforce its decrees, 30, 33 cause of infidelity, 469

is to determine indifferent Briars. Vid. Thorns.

circumstances of worship, 32

magistrates have not

power to prohibit in it what is C.

lawful in the commonwealth, 34

Civil interests, what they are, 10 Careless of their salvation, such the duty of magistrates to senot to be neglected,

125, 296
cure them,


Dissenters to punish them for pot

considering, is to punish them
without law,

if they must be punished,
it is bard to set bounds how far,

262, &c.
the severity formerly used
against them in England, 286

how long it is pretended
they must be punished, 293, &c.
Divisions, Vid. Sects and Schism.



Clergy, their office sufficient, with-

out other employments, 172
Commonwealth, what it is, 10

end of it, not to force
men in religion, but to free them
from such force,

no necessity to exclude
Jews, &c. from it, to prevent the

seduction of Christians, 235, &c.
Conformity (in religion) and not

conviction, is the end of penal

men may be brought to
it, without true religion, 339,

no ground to presume it
is always upon conviction, 340

whether it be from rea-
son and conviction, or not, can-
not be certainly known, 339, 340

some things required to
it, hard to be understood, 410,

Consideration to force men to it
impracticable, 242, 243

conformists may need
punishment to bring them to it,
as much as dissenters, 244

it is hard to understand,
whether penal laws are designed
to bring men to it,

Vid. Examination.
Conscience, none can be saved by

acting contrary to it, though it
be erroneous,

laws contrary to it, must
be passively submitted to, by
private men,

a man sins, by acting
contrary to it, though it be mis-

Creeds ought not to be imposed by
the magistrate,


Evidence, which may be sufficient

for one, may not be so for

are incompetent
judges, what is sufficient to
every one,

Examination (of religion) force no
proper means to lead to it, 96

many conformists, as well
as others, neglect it, 89

none can be judicially provo
ed to refuse it,

to punish a whole party, as
neglecting it, is absurd,

many are incapable of mak-
ing it strictly

how far itis neglected, must
be referred to the divine judg-

- want of it, only pretended
for punishing dissenters, 129, &c.

punishment, for want of it,
would fall heavy upon many

the absurdity of using force
to promote it,

97, &c.
none but God can judge
when it is sufficient, 299, &c.

the duty of magistrates as
well as others,

179, 180


Dissenters should not be punished,

to make them consider, more
than others,

96 Faith, articles of it not to be im-
ought to be convinced a posed by human laws, 39
church is true, before they con how it differs from knowledge
form to it,

properly so called,


Flood (of Noah) idolatry generally Force, not likely to advance the true
prevailed not soon after it, 470, religion, but the contrary, 168

482 may be avoided by outward
the true religion continued conformity alone, 163, 323
above 2000 years after it, 472 unreasonably used to make
Force is not capable to convince men judge more sincerely for
the mind,
11 themselves,

177, 178
the use of it belongs only to takes the care of men's souls

ibid. from themselves, 196, 197
Christianity flourished best magistrates not commission-
when without the help of it, 63, ed by the law of nature to use it,

not lawful, though it might how parents are authorized to
prove some way useful,

use it,

206, &c.
(in religion) usually preju and masters,

dices men against it,

70 not using it, intimates not a
used only to produce confor power given in vain,

mity, not conviction, 73

the use of it makes not inen
not necessary to make men good, nor secures God's blessing
74 to a nation,

221, 378
the use of it, for this end, is a · by the same rule a lesser de-
vain pretence,

75 gree of it is needful, a greater
is much more likely to bring may be so,

men to error than truth,


no proper means to remove
employed to make people prejudices,

consider, is neither useful nor concerning the end of its be-
78 ing used,

303, &c.
no warrant in Scripture for it is equally just for one
using it,

church to use it as another, 333
no less necessary for confor the spiritual gain which suf-
mists than non-conformists, 94, ferers may reap, though it be

misapplied, a vain pretence, 367,
the uncertainty of the pre-

&c. 393
tended end for which it should kings being“nursing fathers,"
be used,

95 &c. no good argument for using
none have right to use it, 112 it,

should rather be used to drive its use, though designed to
bad men out of the church, than bring men to truth, may bring
to bring any in,

115 them to falsehood, 378, &c. 399
those who plead for the mo is likely to lead far more into
derate use of it should show error than truth, 378, 399, 407
what bounds should be set to it, no proof that ever it has done.
142, &c. good,

if some force may be used to using it to make men consider
bring men to religion, more may impertinent,

be used to advance them in it, the use of it cannot promote

134 real holiness, 390, 391
no sovereign has authority to if it brings any to considera-
use it toward another, 163 tion, it is only by accident, 392

not necessary to promote reli it is most likely to prevail on
gion, though religion be neces the loose and careless, 395
164, &c. its unfitness to bring men to






true religion, argued from the Indifferent things, the magistrate's

13th article of our church, 397 power about them, 30
Force, may require extraordinary

not to be imposed in die
strength to withstand it, when vine worship,
used to bring to a false religion,

some of them to be de-

400 termined by a church, 32
may be equally used by all Job, the book of him probably writ-
magistrates who believe their re ten by a Jew,

ligion true,

401, 402
- it is absurd to use it, with-

out pretending to infallibility,

407, &c. Kings, their being called “nursing
the want of it not at first sup fathers," how to be understood,
plied by miracles, 442, &c.

is necessary (if at all) to

make ministers do their duty,

463 Law, (of Moses) why idolatry was
the use of it prevented vot a punished by it,

horrible apostasy in the Roman foreigners not compelled to
483 observe the rites of it,

has (as far as history inforins Legislative power, the end of it is
us) always been injurious to true the outward good of society, 34,
484, &c.

- the use of it no Scripture-me- Love, persecutions rising from it,
thod for advancing religion, 497 would rather be against wicked-

ness than opinions,

6, &c.

Heresy, wherein it consists, 55

imposers of their own inter- Magistrates, their duty is to secure
pretations of Scripture, guilty of civil interests, not the salvation
56 of souls,

Human society, the preservation of

care of souls only com-
it is the magistrate's power, 10 mon to them with others, 11
no opinion contrary to

are as liable to error in
the safety of it should be tole religion as others, 12,76

ought not to use force in
matters of religion, 20

have no authority to im-
Idolaters may be tolerated, 35, 51, pose ceremonies in the church,

&c. 29.-Nor to forbid those used
why not tolerated by the by others,

law of Moses,


their power about indif-
their case was peculiar
ferent things,

the Israelites, ibid.

may not punish all sins
Idolatry did not root out the true against God,

34, &c.
religion soon after the flood, 471,

are to punish only those

483 things which injure the society,
- was probably first intro-

40, &c.
duced by great men,
475, &c.

by what ineans they are
the most likely original of brought to join with churchmen
it was tyranny,
476 in persecution,

53, 54




Magistrates have no commission to Miracles not wrought in the view
punish errors in religion, 40 of all who were converted, 443
only a small number of

we have the same advantage
them of the true religion, 76 by them, as most had in the first
no advantage in commit ages,

ting the care of our souls to them,

were continued (according
76, 122

to church-history) after Christi-
their using force to pro anity was established by human
mote the true religion or their

452, &c.
own, is in effect the same, 128, — were not often repeated to

143, &c. those who rejected the Gospel,
have no authority to

454, 455
impose creeds,


will be always necessary,
are not to judge of truth supposing them so whenever men
for other men,

173 neglect their duty, 459, &c.
have not more knowledge

were not a necessary means
of religion than others, 179 of conviction in the apostles'time,
the apostle's saying,

523, 526
“We can do nothing against the
truth, but for it," pot applicable

to them,

have not authority, like National religion, none such can
parents or schoolmasters, to use claim to be the true, exclusive
205 of others,

discovering them to be
in the wrong adds little to find-

ing out the truth, 360, 361

ought to assist religion Opinions merely speculative, ought
by suppressing wickedness, 65, to be tolerated,


contrary to human society,
are not commissioned by are not to be tolerated, 45
the law of nature to use force in Oppression is the great cause of civil
205 commotions,

47, 48
Means (of salvation), no other
should be used than what God

has appointed,

81, 82
what are proper for promot. Paganism, how zeal against it
ing religion,

82 should be expressed, 233, &c.
those which are sufficient are Penal laws, not designed to make
given to all,

113, &c. men consider, but conform, 387,
the greatest part of the world

without them, if force be neces-

how a national religion

389, &c. loses ground by the relaxation of
Ministers, (of religion) of what sort them,

they are, who want to have their

whether atheism, &c. in-
doctrines enforced, 151, 152 crease by their relaxation, ibid.
doing their duty aright,

Vid. Punishments.
would render force unnecessary,

Penalties. Vid. Force.

526 Persecution, what it signifies, 142
Miracles never used to supply the

if it were designed for
want of force,

454 saving souls, persons conforming
absurdly reckoned among on it would be examined con-

442 cerning their convictions, 197


human means,

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