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besides, their Conquests were very confi-
1.13.c.17 quered great part of Ituræa, caused all their
(r) Ibid. Males (r) to be circumcised, and to observe 1.13.c.19. the Law of Moses, as Strabo testifies. Under Alexander Father to Hyrcanus, (s) the (1) Ibid. Fews took twelve Cities from the Arabians, . 1 3. C.23. and became possessed of many Cities in Syria,
1.14. C. 2. Idumæa, and Phenicia, all which they brought over to the Profession of their own Religion, and demolished Pella, for refusing to embrace it.
The (t) Temple built by Sanballat, for (t) See Manasses, who had married his Daughter,
Discourse was an occasion of the Samaritans leaving 12. their False Gods. And after the building of the Temple in Ægypt, the Babylonian Talmud fays (u) that the Jews there were double (4) Lightf.. the nuinber of those that came out from
p. 205. thence under Móses. The Zeal of the Scribes and Pharisees, though they were Hypocrites, did exceedingly conduce to the propagation of their Religion ; for they compassed sea and land to make one Profelyte, and so far they were to be commended ; but then they made him two-fold more the child of hell than themselves, Mat. xxiii. 15. yet still they taught the necessary Points of Doctrine, though in Hypocrisie, and with the mix
Harmon » 4
tures of Superstition ; and our Saviour
works. And it was required of the Fathers (2) Lightf. of the Sanhedrin, () that they should under1 Cor.xiii.l. ftand many Languages, that the Sanhedrin p.783. might hear nothing by an Interpreter; which,
qualified the Scribes and Pharisees, who aspired to that Dignity, to be the better able to make Profelytes.
The Jews were dispersed over all the World, but chiefly seated themselves in Rome, and Alexandria, and Antioch, the three chief Cities of the Empire ; in all which they had great and peculiar Privileges ; and
in Alexandria they had Magistrates of their () Joseph. own, (y) and lived under a peculiar GovernAntiquit. ment by themselves. Never any other Na1.14.C.12.
tion had such various Changes and Revoluu tions, to mix them with the rest of the World ; and never any People were so industrious and zealous, and so successful in the propagation of their Religion. They had their Profeuchæ, and their Synagogues for Divine Worship, and for Reading and Explaining the Scriptures; which Men of all Religions were admitted to hear, in all places
where-ever they dwelt ; and in Ægypt they (c)Foseph. had a (z) Temple like that at Jerusalem, Beh. Fud, built by Onias , which continued for the . .
space of Three hundred and forty three Years, till the Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus;
from the Roman P , .
and in the Synagogues the Scriptures were
Strom. I.I. before the time of Alexander the Great : but Euseb.Pre
the Version of the Septuagint loon dispersed par.Evang. e into all hands, which was made at the 1.13. C.12. En Command of Ptolemæus Philadelphus ; 'to e whom likewise, and his father, (b) Aristo-(6) Eufeb. ch bulus dedicated an Exposition of the Law 1.7.c.ult. od of Moses.
By all these means, vast multitudes of 1.Profelytes were made to the Jewish Religion
in all parts of the World. What numbers I- there were at Rome of this Religion, we know
Poets and Historians, and we have as good Evidence of the spreading of it in other places. Not to repeat what has been already related, nor to mention particular Persons of the greatest Note and Eminency, nor particular Cities, as Damascus, (c) where (d) Joseph. it more remarkably prevailed, it is evident de Bell.Fud.
1. 2. C.25 what numbers of Persons, in all Nations, profeffed this Religion, from the incredible Treasures which Cralus found in the Temple of Jerusalem, being Ten thousand Talents, amassed there by the Summs of Gold fent from all Places by the Jews, and such as
consider the Pro
became Profelytes to their Religion : And
for the Truth of this, Josephus cites Strabo's () Jofeph. Authority, who fays, (d) that the Jews Antiq.l.14.
were every where dispersed, and every where C. 12.
gained Men over to their Religion ; and that in "Alexandria they had their Ethnarchæ, or proper Magistrates, by whom they were governed. And another Proof of the multitudes of Profelytes made to the Jewish Re
ligion, may be had from the great num(e) Polepk: bers assembled (e) at their Passovers, and at de Bell.Jud.
the Feasts of Pentecoft, out of every Nation A&t. ii. s. under Heaven.
Thus mightily prevailed the Religion of
the Hebrews, till their City and Temple, by (f) Ibid. a Divine Vengeance, as (f) Josephus often pag.999.- confelles, was destroyed; and the Law it
self, with the Utensils of the Temple, was carried among the Spoil in Titus's Triumph. And when the Jewish Religion had its full Period and Accomplishment, the Christian Religion, which succeeded in the room of it, and was prefigured by it, foon spread
it self into all corners of the Earth, and is *** (at this day preached among all Nations.
pagation of the Christian Religion, it may be requifite, (1.) To produce some Testimo nies of the Heathens, concerning the Jews and their Religion ( 2.) To Thew, That there have been always reinaining divers Memorials of the True Religion among the
but one l
Heathen. (3.) To consider the Authority of
I. As to the Testimony of Heathen Au-
gainst the Truth of the Taking of Troy, or the Building of Rome, that the Scriptures make no mention of either of them. The Greek Historians were so ignorant of Foreign Affairs, as (8) Josephus has observed, that Ephorus, (c) Josepš one of the best of them, thought Spain to be 1.1.
City : and neither Herodotus nor Thucydides, nor any Historian of their Times, made any mention of the Romans. The Roman. Authors are but of a very late date, in comparifon: and the Greeks, besides their ignorance in Antiquity, and in the Affairs of other Nations, are known to have been a vain Peoa ple, who despised all besides themselves, ac counting them Barbarians, and taking little .notice of Rome it felf, before they fell under its Power.
Yet many of the Heathen Writers, as Foto fephus shews, have made famous mention of the Jews ; though others have given a wrong and malicious Account of them, whom he proves to contradict one another, and some times themselves. Some, again, have omitted the mention of the Jews, though they had never fo much occasion for it, of which he