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in dress, furniture, and equipage, have, I think, generally been characteristics of a distinguished patriot. . And when the fame spirit pervades a people in general, they are fit for every duty, and able to encounter the moft formidable enemy: The general subject of the preceeding discourse has been the wrath of man prailing God. If the unjust oppression of your enemies, which withholds from you many of the usual articles of luxury and magnificence, shall contribute to make you clothe yourselves and your children with the works of your own hands, and cover your tables' with the falutary productions of your own foil, it will be a new illustration of the same truth, and a real happiness to yourselves and your country.

I could wish to have every good thing done from the purest principles and the noblest news. Consider, therefore, that the Christian character, particularly the self-denial of the gospel, should extend to your wholé deportment. In the early times of Christianity, when adult converts were admitted to baptism, they were asked among other questions, Do you renounce the world, its shews, its pomp, and its vanities? I do. The form of this is still preserved in the administration of baptifm, where we renounce the devil, the world, and the flesh. This certainly implies not only abstaining from acts of grofs intemperance and cxcess, but a humility of carriage, a restraint



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and moderation in all your desires. The same thing, as it is suitable to your Christian profession, is also necessary to make you truly independent in yourselves, and to feed the source of liberality and charity to others or to the public The riotous and wasteful liver, whose craving appetites make him constantly needy, is and must be subject to many masters, according to the faying of Solomon, The borrower is servant to the • lender.' But the frugal and moderate person, who guides his affairs with discretion, is able to affift in public counsels by a free and unbiaffed judgment, to supply the wants of his poor brethren, and sometimes, by his estate and substance, to give important aid to a finking country,

Upon the whole, I beseech you to make a wise improvement of the present threatning afpect of public affairs, and to remember that your duty to God, to your country, to your families and to yourselves, is the same. True religion is nothing else but an inward temper and outward conduct, fuited to your state and circumstances in providence at any time. And as peace with God, and conformity to him, adds to the fweetnefs of created comforts, while we poffefs them, io in times of difficulty and trial, it is in the man of piety and inward principle, that we may expect to find the uncorrupted patriot, the useful citizen, and the invincible soldier. God grant that in America, true religion and civil liberty


may be inseparable, and that the unjust attempts to destroy the one, may in the issue tend to the fupport and establishment of both.

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Natives of Scotland, refiding in Ainerica

Countrymen and Friends,


S soon as I had consented to the publication

of the foregoing serinon, I felt an irresistible desire to accompany it with a few words addreffed to you in particular. I am certain I feel the attachment of country as far as it is a virtuous or laudable principle, perhaps it would be nearer the truth to say, as far as it is a natural and pardonable prejudice. He who is so pleased may at-. tribute it to this last when I say, that I have never seen cause to be ashamed of the place of my

birth; that since the revival of arts and letters in · Europe, in the close of the fourteenth and begirning of the fifteenth century, the natives of Scotland have not been inferior to those of any other country, for genius, erudition, military prowess, or any of those accomplishments which improve or embellish human nature. When to this it is added, that since my coming to America at an advanced period of life, the friendship of my countrymen has been as much above my expectation as desert; I hope every reader will consider what is now to be offered, as the effect not only of unfeigned good-will, but of the most ardent affection.

It has given me no little uneasiness to hear the word Scotch used as a term of reproach in the -American controversy, which could only be upon the fuppofition that strangers of that: country are more universally oppofed to the liberties of America than thofe who were born in South-Britain, or in Ireland. I am sensible that this has been done in fome news-papers, and contemptible anonymous publications, in a manner that was neither, warranted by truth, nor dictated by prudence. There are many natives of Scotland in this country, whose opposition to the unjust: claims of Great Britain has been as early and uniform, founded upon as rational and liberal principles, and therefore likely to be as lasting, as that of any set of men whatever. As to Great-Britain itself, time has now fully discovered that the real friends of R 3.


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