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visions and gun-powder were left flesh. The guide, having gone bé. in more secure hiding places. fore, had prepared for the travellers
On July 41h, they began their a friendly reception. journey by land. The distance to · The language of these Indians the western river was, in a straight was totally different from any which line, above 100 miles : but, by ihe the author had before heard. After circuitoas route which they were having made presents to their hoft, obliged to take, the length of their who had provided for them two camarch was much increased. They noes, the travellers embarkeri, acprocured guides from among the companied by seven of the natives, natives, and travelled in frequented “ I had imagined,” says Mr. M. paths, but leavy laden, with their “, that the Canadians were the moft arms, provisions, and other bag- expert canoe men in the world, but gage. “ Each of the Canadians had they acknowledged themselves infe. a burden of about ninety pounds, rior to these people in conducling with a gun and fome ammunition." those veftels."
In this part of the journey, the. During the renainder of the pala natives were comparatively name- fage towards the sea, the voyagers rous.--We insert the following pa- were kept in a fate of contiant apragraph, which here occurs, becaute prehenfion, and were frequently in il communicates information which fituations from which it required the may be of essential fervice to dif- utmost exertions of their vigilence trelled travellers:-“We proceeded and resolution to extricate themon our journey accompanied by felves. Al a place which Mr. M. the Indian and his two tons. · As I has distinguished by the appellation did not want the younger, and of the Friendly Village, the circumshould be obliged to feed him, I re- stances of their entertainment were quefted of his father to leave him, not at first of the most encouraging for the purpofe of fishing for the wo kind. :) men. He replied, that they were The travellers remained all night accustomed to filh for themfelves; at this village; and fon afier they and that I need not be apprehenfive had retired to rest, the chief came of their encroaching upon my pro: to Mr. M. and requested him to acvifions, as they were used to fultain cept his bed-companion: but, noto themselves in iheir journeys on herbs, withstanding repeated intreaties on and the inner tegument of the bark the part of the chief, this offering of trees, for the liripping of which of hofpitality was pot accepted. he had a thin piece of bone, then From the Friendly Village, the hanging by his fide. The latter is travellers were furnished with ano. of a glutinous quality, of a clammy, ther canoe, and proceeded with the fweet taste, and is generally con- Atream towards the fea. At one fidered by the more interior Indians houle where they flopperl, fome of as a delicacy, rather than an article the women were employed in beatof common food."
ing and preparing the inner rind of When the travellers arrived at the cellar bark, 10' which they gave the Western river, the first habita- the appearance of fax. Others tions which they faw belonged to were fpinning with a distaff and Indians of a tribe which do not cat fpindle. One of them was weaving
a rabe of this fubftance, intermixed pleting, the evidence that there does with stripes of the sea-otter fkin, on not exift a navigable patfage by fea 'a frame of adequate contrivance, to the north of America ; and the which was placed againft the side of western, in proving the practicability the house. The men were filling of commercial intercourse throngh with drag-nets between two canoets. the continent between the eastern *After this account of their em and western coasts. ployments, many readers, we ap Mr. M. has drawn up fome brief prehend, will have a more respect obfervations concerning the geagra hul opinion of the fate of the arts phy, the clinate, and the fut-trade of and manufactures among the natives North America ; whichi are inferted of North American than they have in the latter part of his rolame, and, been accustomed to entertain. lerve as an appendix to the voyages.
On July the 20th, Me. M. and In his remarks on the geography, his companions arrived at an arm he confiders hoth the political divi of the lea; and on the 21st they fions, 'and those which have been were near a cape which was seen formed by nature. The climate, it by captain Vancouver, and by him is stated, is mnch more fevere on the named Cape Menzies, the arm of eaftern than on the western coast; the lea being that which he has which the author attributes to the called the Cascade-Canal. This former being exposed to the northwas the fartheft of their progress west winds that blow from the Froto the weft; and at this station, the Ben-lea. The following pasage af. latitude was 52° 21' N. and the førds matter for reflection : but we longitude, calculated from the will not undertake to determine mean of two emerfrons of Jupiter's whether or not it is founded on a satellites, 128° 02' w. which is sufficient length of experience. something more weft than cape
“ It has been frequently advanMenzies is placed in the chart of ced, that the difference of clearing captain Vancouver.
away the wood has had an aftonit In the night of the 22d of July ing influence in meliorating the clie they began their voyage of return, mate: but I am not disposed to allent the particulars of which afford much to that opinion in the extent which amulement; and they once more it propofes to eftablifli, when I con. arrived at fort Chepewyan, on the sider the very trifling proportion of 24th of August.
the country cleared, compared with We have been less circumstantial the whole, The employment of the in our remarks on the relation of axe may have had fome inconfidera this voyage, than on the expedition ble effect ; bat I look to other cautes, to the Northern lea: but it may ne- I myself observed in a country, ubieh vertheless be remarked that the ac- was in an absolute fate of nature, count of the voyage to the west that the climate is improving; and coast is a work of greater entertain- this circumstance was confirmed la ment and interest than could have me by the native inhabitants of it. been furnished by that which was Such a change, thereture, moft pirodirected to the north. Each has its ceed from fome predominating ope. distinct utility: the northern, in cor- ration in the fyftem of the globe roborating, and we may fay in com- which is beyond my conjeâure, and,
indeed, Indeed, above my comprehenfion, the North-west companies were to and may, probably, in the course of unite. time, give to America the climate It seems fuperfluous to add to the of Europe. It is well known, in- foregoing account, that we regard deed, that the waters are decreasing the expeditions of Mr. Mackenzie there, and that many lakes are drain. as of confiderable importance to ing and filling up by the earth which geography and commerce; and that is carried into them from the higher his narrative contains much infor lands by the rivers: and this may mation and entertainment. It is have foune partial effect.”
accompanied with three maps, The writer concludes his work which are well executed: one, gewith confiderations respecting the neral, of the northern part of Amefur-trade; which, he is of opinion, rica, from 400 to 709 N. latitudes would be productive of more advan- and a separate map for each voytage both to the public and to the age. merchants, if the Hudson's Bay and
HISTORY OF EUROPE.
СНА Р. І.
respecting the high Price of Provisions and recent Communications from
CHA P. II.
Egypl-negatived. - Motion for the fame Purpose in the House of Lurds
The Imperial Parliament afembled.--Speech from the Throne.--Notion for
an Address.-Amendment proposed.--Dibales thereon.-- Amendment re-