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remission of our sin, and so be reconciled again to his favour, and hope to be bis children and inheritors of everlasting life; who worketh these great miracles in us? Our worthiness, our deservings and endeavours, our wits, and virtue? Nay verily, St. Paul will not suffer flesh and clay to presume to such arrogancy, and therefore saith, “ All'is of God, &c.” 2 Cor. v. 18. Hom. xxix. 3.
And to uphold the truth of this matter against all justiciaries and hypocrites, which rob Almighty God of his honour and ascribe it to themselves, St. Paul bringeth in his belief; “We be not,” saith he, “sufficient of ourselves," as of ourselves,
once to think any thing, but all our ableness is of God's goodness.” Hom. xxix. 1.
The frailty of man without thee cannot but fall. Fifteenth Sunday after Trinity.
And so replenish him with the grace of thy Holy Spirit, that he may alway incline to thy will, and walk in thy way. Prayer for the King
Grant that we being regenerate, and made thy children hy adoption and grace, may daily be renewed by thy Holy Spirit. Coll. for Christmas Day.
We humbly beseech thee, that as by thy special grace preventing us thou dost put into our minds good desires; so by thy continual help we may bring the same to good effect. Coll. for Easter Day.
Almighty and everlasting God, by whose Spirit the whole body of the Church is governed and sanctified. Coll. for Good Friday.
Lord, we pray thee, that thy grace may always prevent and follow us, and make us continually to be given to all good works. Seventeenth Sunday after Trinity.
Prevent us, O Lord, in all our doings, with thy most gracious favour, and further us with thy continual help; that in all our works begun, continued, and ended in thee, we may glorify thy holy name, and finally by thy mercy obtain everlasting life; though Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. Occasional Coll.
author and finisher of our faith. 24. O Lord, I know that the way Heb. xii. 2. By the grace of God I of man is not in himself: it is not am what I am, and his grace which in man that walketh to direct his was bestowed upon me was not in steps. Jer, X. 23. Abide in me, vain; but I laboured more abundantly and I in you. As the branch canthan they all: yet not I, but the not bear fruit of itself, except it grace of God which was with me. abide in the vine; no more can ye i Cor. xv. 10. I can do all things except ye abide in me. I am the through Christ which strengthen. vine, ye are the branches: he that eth me. Phil. iv. 13. The steps of abideth in me, and I in him, the a good man are ordered by the same bringeth forth much fruit : Lord, and he delighteth in his way, for without me ye can do nothing. Ps. xxxvii. 23. Man's goings are John xv. 4, 5. Make you perfect of the Lord; how can a man then in every good work to do his will, understand his own way. Prov. XX. working in you that which is wellyou
Almighty God, our heavenly Father, who hath given you a good will to do all these things, grant also unto you strength and power to perform the same; that he accomplishing in the good work which he hath begun, you may be found perfect and irreprehensible at the latter day. Ordination Service.
We must needs agree, that whatsoever good thing is in us, of grace, of nature, or of fortune, is of God only, as the only author and worker. Hom. xxix. 1,
pleasing in his sight, through Jesus of Jesus Christ. Phil. i. 6. For of Christ. Heb. xiii. 21. Being con- him, and through him, and to him, fident of this very thing, that he are all things: to whom be glory which hath begun a good work in for ever. Amen. Rom. xi. 36. you will perform it until the day
XI. Of the Justification of Man. We are 'accounted righteous before God, , only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour
• Because all men be sinners and offenders against God, and breakers of his law and commandments : therefore can no man by his own acts, words, and deeds, seem they never so good, be justified, and made righteous before God: but every man of necessity is constrained to seek for another righteousness of justification, to be received at God's own hands; that is to say, the forgiveness of his sins and trespasses, in such things as he hath offended. And this justification or righteousness, which we so receive of God's mercy and Christ's merits, embraced by faith, is taken, accepted, and allowed of God for our perfect and full justification. Hom. iii. 1.
We put our faith in Christ, that we'be justified by him only; that we be justified by God's free mercy, and the merits of our Saviour Christ only; and by no virtue or good work of our own that is in us, or that we can be able to have, or to do, for to deserve the same; Christ himself only being the cause meritorious thereof. Hom, iii. 3.
So that Christ is now the righteousness of all them that truly do believe in him. He for them paid their ransom by his death. He for them fulfilled the law in his life. So that now,
a Therefore by the deeds of the law of faith. Therefore we con-. law there shall no flesh be justified clude that a man is justified by in his sight: for by the law is the faith, without the deeds of the law. knowledge of sin. But now the Rom. iii. 20—28. I will raise unto righteousness of God without the David á righteous branch. And law is manifested, being witnessed this is his name whereby he shall by the law and the prophets; even be called, THE LORD OUR Rightthe righteousness of God, which is EOUSNESS. Jer. xxii. 5, 6. To make by faith of Jesus Christ unto all reconciliation for iniquity, and to and upon all them that believe; for bring in everlasting righteousness. tbere is no difference, for all have Dan. ix. 24. He made him to be sinned, and come short of the glory sin for us, who knew no sin; that of God; being justified freely by we might be made the righteoushis grace, through the redemption ness of God in him. 2 Cor. v. 20. that is in Christ Jesus: whom God Through this man is preached unto hath set forth to be a propitiation you the forgiveness of sins: and through faith in his blood, to de- by him all that believe are justified clare his righteousness for the re- from all things, from which ye mission of sins that are past, could not be justified by the law through the forbearance of God; of Moses. Acts xiii. 38, 39. Of him to declare, I say, at this time his are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God righteousness; that he might be is made unto us wisdom, and rightjust, and the justifier of him that eousness, and sanctification, and believeth in Jesus. Where is boast- redemption : that according as it ing then? It is excluded. By what is written, He that glorieth, let him law? of works? Nay, but by the glory in the Lord. i Cor. i. 30.
Jesus Christ by faith, and not for our own
and by him, every true Christian man may be called a fulfiller of the law : forasmuch as that which their infirmity lacketh, Christ's justice hath supplied. Hom. iii. 1.
b The only mean and instrument of salvation required of our parts is faith : that is to say, a true trust and confidence in the mercies of God; whereby we persuade ourselves, that God both hath and will forgive our sins; that he hath accepted us again into his favour; that he hath released us from the bonds of damnation, and received us again into the number of his elect people, not for our merits or deserts, but only and solely for the merits of Christ's death and passion; who became man for our sakes, and humbled himself to sustain the reproach of the cross; that we thereby might be saved, and made inheritors of the kingdom of heaven. This faith is required at our hands. Hom. xxv. 2.
Q. What profit get we of this faith ? A. Righteousness before God, by which we are made heirs of eternal life. Nowell,
We must fee to the mercy of God, whereby he freely embraceth us with love and good will in Christ, without any our deserving, or respect of works, both forgiving us our sins, and so giving us the righteousness of Christ by faith in him, that for the same Christ's righteousness he so accepteth us, as if it were
To God's mercy therefore through Christ we ought to impite all our justification. Q. How do we know it to be thus ? A. By the Gospel, which containeth the promises of God by Christ, to the which when we adjoin faith, that is to say, an assured persuasion of mind and stedfast confidence of God's good will, we do, as it were, take state and possession of this justification. Nowell, p. 72, 73.
· St. Ambrose, a Latin author, saith these words ; This is the ordinance of God, that they which believe in Christ should be
Surely shall one say, In the Lord of the law shall no flesh be justihave I righteousness and strength. fied. Gal. ii. 16. That no man is In the Lord shall all the seed of justified by the law in the sight of Israel be justified and shall glory. God, it is evident; for the just Isa. xlv. 24, 25. And be found in shall live by faith; and the law him, not having mine own righte- is not of faith. Gal. iii. 11, 12. ousness, which is of the law, but Therein is the righteousness of God that which is through the faith of revealed from faith to faith; as it Christ, the righteousness which is is written, The just shall live by of God by faith. Phil. iii. 9.
faith. Rom. i. 17. To them that c Knowing that a man is not jus- have obtained like precious faith, tified by the works of the law, but through the righteousness of God by the faith of Jesus Christ, even and Saviour Jesus Christ. we have believed in Jesus Christ, 2 Pet. i. 1. Being justified faith, that we might be justified by the we have peace with God, through faith of Christ, and not by the our Lord Jesus Christ. Rom, v.1. works of the law: for by the works He staggered not at the promise of
works or deservings: wherefore that we are
saved without works—by faith only-freely receiving remission of their sins. Consider diligently these words, without worksby faith only—freely—we receive remission of our sins. What can be spoken more plainly, than to say, that freely-without works—by faith only—we obtain remission of our sins ? Hom. iii. 2.
Q. Doth not then our own godliness toward God, and leading of our life honestly and holily among men, justify us before God. A. If any man were able to live uprightly according to the precise rule of the law of God, he should worthily be counted justified by his good works. But seeing we are all must far from that perfection of life, yea, and be so oppressed with conscience of our sins, we must take another course, and find another
way, how God may receive us into favour, than by our own deserving. Nowell, p. 72. On the moral law, see Article vii.
If any were able to perform it, they should be justified by the law; but we are all of such weakness, that no man in all points fulfilleth his duty. For though we put case, that there be one found that performeth the law in some point, yet shall he not thereby be justified before God; for he pronounceth them all to be accursed and abominable that do not fulfil all things that are contained in the law. Q. Dost thou then determine that no mortal man is justified before God by the law ? A. No
For the Scriptures do also pronounce the same. Nowell, p. 30.
God through unbelief: but was all things which are written in the strong in faith, giving glory to God; book of the law to do them. Gal. and being fully persuaded, that iii. 10. We know that the law is what he had promised he was able good, if a man use it lawfully; also to perform. And therefore it knowing this, that the law is not was imputed to him for righteous- made for a righteous man. 1 Tim. ness. Rom. iv. 20—22. They being i. 8, 9. If Abraham were justified ignorant of God's righteousness, by works, he hath whereof to glory, and going about to establish their but not before God. For what saith own righteousness, have not sub- the Scripture? Abraham believed mitted themselves unto the righte- God, and it was counted unto him qusness of God. For Christ is the for righteousness. To him that end of the law for righteousness to worketh not, but believeth on him every one that believeth. Rom. x. that justifieth the ungodly, his faith 3, 4. By grace are ye saved is counted for righteousness. Rom. through faith; not of works, lest iv. 2, 3, 5. Not by works of rightany man should boast. Gal. ii. 3. eousness which we have done, but Christ become of no effect unto according to his mercy he saved uş you: whosoever of you are justified that being justified by his grace, by the law, ye are fallen from we should be made heirs according grace. Gal. v. 4. As many as are to the hope of eternal life. Tit. iii. of the works of the law are under 5,7. Who hath first given to him, a curse; for it is written, Cursed and it shall be recompensed to him is every one who continueth not in again? Rom. xi. 35. Who hath