Hypothesis and Perception: The Roots of Scientific Method, Volume 10

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Psychology Press, 2004 - Philosophy - 395 pages
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In a society where a comic equates with knockabout amusment for children, the sudden pre-eminence of adult comics, on everything from political satire to erotic fantasy, has predictably attracted an enormous amount of attention.

Adult comics are part of the cultural landscape in a way that would have been unimaginable a decade ago. In this first survey of its kind, Roger Sabin traces the history of comics for older readers from the end of the nineteenth century to the present. He takes in the pioneering titles pre-First World War, the underground 'comix' of the 1960s and 1970s, 'fandom' in the 1970s and 1980s, and the boom of the 1980s and 1990s (including 'graphic novels' and Viz.). Covering comics from the United States, Europe and Japan, Adult Comics addresses such issues as the graphic novel in context, cultural overspill and the role of women.

By taking a broad sweep, Sabin demonstrates that the widely-held notion that comics 'grew up' in the late 1980s is a mistaken one, largely invented by the media. Adult Comics: An Introduction is intended primarily for student use, but is written with the comic enthusiast very much in mind.

 

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Contents

PREFACE
19
INDUCTION
27
THE EMPIRICIST TREATMENT
52
EMPIRICIST REFORMERS
68
HISTORICAL
85
Dalton and chemical combination
109
The conservation of mass and energy
111
Relativity
114
Influence of past experience
263
Interpretation
271
Degrees of organization
284
Perception and science
290
Science and common sense
293
Question and presupposition
299
The origins of hypotheses 35
305
Analogy and enumeration
310

DEDUCTION FROM PHENOMENA CASE HISTORIES
122
Keplers determination of the orbit of Mars
124
Harveys discovery of the circulation of the blood
139
Newtons experiments
154
Lavoisier and combustion
167
Darwins defence of the evolution hypothesis
178
The discovery of the positron
189
Findings
196
SCIENTIFIC ADVANCE
203
Recognition of observed data
207
Articulation and proliferation of schemata
210
The origins of change
212
The transition process
215
Innovation and conservatism
224
System and development
231
EPISTEMOLOGICAL VIII PERCEPTION
237
Common views of perception
238
Sensedata
240
Critique and merits of sensedata theories
243
Achievement
244
Discrepancy between data and percept
246
Schemata
249
Context
251
Innate and acquired schemata
256
Abduction
313
What is meant bydiscovery?
319
THE LOGIC OF CONSTRUCTION
325
Formalism logic and psychology
326
Systematic thinking
332
Necessity and causality
339
Probability
341
Induction and deduction
347
THE DIALECTIC OF PROGRESS
352
Science as a scale 3
360
Dialectic
361
The unity of science 38
368
Hierarchy
369
Agreement of results 37
370
SCIENCE AND TRUTH
372
Science and reality
373
Criticism and defence
377
Knowledge and its object
384
Validity and progress
385
Science and metaphysics
387
Science and religion
388
INDEX
391
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