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II. A Triumph was, where six Gentlemen did challenge all Comers, at Barriers, Justs, and Tournay; and also that they would keep a Fortress with thirty, with them against an hundred, or under, which was done at Greenwich.

Sir Edward Bellingham being sent into Ireland Deputy, and Sir Anthony St. Leiger revoked, he took 0-Canor, and O-Mor, bringing the Lords that rebelled into subjection; and 0-Canor and O-Mor leaving their Lordships, had apiece an 1001. Pension.

The Scots besieged the Town of Haddington, where the Captain, Mr. Willford, every day made issues upon them, and slew divers of them. The thing was very weak, but for the Men, who did very manfully. Oftentimes Mr. Holcroft and Mr. Palmer did victual it by force, passing through the Enemieş; and at last the Rhinegrave unawares set upon Mr. Palmer, which was there with near a thousand and five hundred Horsemen, and discomfited him, taking him, Mr. Bowes Warden of the West-Marches, and divers other, to the number of 400, and slew a few. (Upon St. Peter's day, the Bishop of Winchester was committed to the Tower.) Then they made divers Brags, and they had the like made to them. Then went the Earl of Shrewsbury General of the Army, with 22000 Men, and burnt divers Towns and Fortresses; which the Frenchmen and Scots hearing, levied their Siege in the Month of September; in the levying of which, there came one to Tiberio, who as then was in Haddington, and setting forth the weakness of the Town, told him, That all Honour was due to the Defenders, and none to the Assailers; so the Siege being levied, the Earl of Shrewsbury entred it, and victualled, and reinforced it. After his departing by Night, there came into the Outer Court, at Haddington, 2000 Men armed, taking the Townsmen in their

who yet defended them, with the help of the Watch, and at length, with Ordnance, issued out upon them, and slew a marvellous number, bearing divers Assaults, and at length drove them home, and kept the Town safe.

A Parliament was called, where an Uniform Order of Prayer was institute, before made by a number of Bishops and learned


PART Men gathered together in Windsor. There was granted a Sub-

sidy, and there was a notable Disputation of the Sacrament in
the Parliament-House. Also the Lord Sudley, Admiral of
England, was condemned to Death, and died in March ensuing.
Sir Thomas Sharington was also condemned for making false
Coin, which he himself confessed. Divers also were put in the

Hume-Castle was taken by Night, and Treason, by the Scots.
Mr. Willford, in a Skirmish, was left of his Men, sore hurt
and taken. There was a Skirmish at Broughty-Craig, wherein
Mr. Lutterell, Captain after Mr. Dudley, did burn certain Vil-
lages, and took Monsieur de Toge Prisoner. The Frenchmen
by Night assaulted Boulingberg, and were manfally repulsed,
after they had made Faggots with Pitch, Tar, Tallow, Rosin,
Powder, and Wildfire, to burn the Ships in the Haven of Bo-
lein; but they were driven away by the Botoners, and their Fag-
gots taken.

In Mr. Bowes place, who was Warden of the West-Marches,
was put the Lord Dacres; and in the Lord Gray's place, the
Earl of Rutland; who after his coming entred Scotland, and
burnt divers Villages, and took much Prey. The People began
to rise in Wiltshire, where Sir William Herbert did put them
down, over-run, and slew them. Then they rose in Sussex,
Hampshire, Kent, Glocestershire, Suffolk, Warwickshire, Essex,
Hartfordshire, a piece of Leicestershire, Worcestershire, and
Rutlandshire, where by fair persuasions, partly of honest Men
among themselves, partly by Gentlemen, they were often ap-
peased; and because certain Commissions were sent down to
pluek down Inclosures, they did rise again. The French King
pereeiving this, caused War to be proclaimed; and hearing that
our Ships lay at Jersey, sent a great number of his Galleys, and
certain Ships, to surprise our Ships; but they being at anchor,
beat the French, that they were fain to retire with the loss
of 1000 of their Men.

At the same time the French King passed by Bolein to NewHaven, with his Army, and took Blackness, by Treason, and the Almain Camp; which done, New-Haven surrendered. There

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were also in a Skirmish, between 300 English Footmen, and BOOK

II. 300 French Horsemen, six Noblemen slain. Then the French King came with his Army to Bollein, which they seeing, razed Boulingberg; but because of the Plague, he was compelled to retire, and Chastilion was left behind, as Governor of the Army. In the mean season, because there was a rumour that I was Dead, I passed through London.

After that they rose in Oxfordshire, Devonshire, Norfolk, and Yorkshire. To Oxford, the Lord Gray of Wilton was sent with 1500 Horsemen and Footmen; whose coming, with the assembling of the Gentlemen of the Country, did so abash the Rebels, that more than half of them ran their ways, and other that tarried, were some slain, some taken, and some hanged. To Devonshire, the Lord Privy-Seal was sent, who with his Band, being but small, lay at Honington, whiles the Rebels besieged Exeter, who did use divers pretty Feats of War, for after divers Skirmishes, when the Gates were burnt, they in the City did continue the Fire till they had made a Rampier within; also after, when they were undermined, and Powder was laid in the Mine, they within drowned the Powder and the Mine, with Water they cast in; which the Lord Privy-Seal having thought to have gone to inforce them a by-way, of which the Rebels having spial, cut all the Trees betwixt St. Mary Outrie and Exeter; for which cause the Lord Privy-Seal burnt that Town, and thought to return home: The Rebels kept a Bridg behind his Back, and so compelled him, with his small Band, to set upon them; which he did, and overcame them, killing 600 of them, and returning home without any loss of Men. Then the Lord Gray, and Spinola, with their Bands, came to him, and afterward Gray, with 200 of Redding, with which Bands he being reinforced, came to raise the Siege at Exeter, for because they had scarcity of Victual; and as he passed from Honington, he came to a little Town of his own, whither came but only two ways, which they had reinforced with two Bullwarks made of Earth, and had put to the defence of the same about 2000 Men; and the rest they had laid, some at a Bridg called HoningtonBridg, partly at a certain Hedg in a High-Way, and the most part at the Siege of Exeter. The Rereward of the Horsemen,

PART of which Travers was Captain, set upon the one Bullwark, the II.

Waward and Battail on the other; Spinola's Band kept them occupied at their Wall: At length Travers drove them into the Town, which the Lord Privy-Seal burnt. Then they ran to a Bridg thereby, from whence being driven, there were in a plain about 900 of them slain.

The next day they were met about other 2000 of them, at the entry of a High-Way, who first desired to talk, and in the mean season fortified themselves; which being perceived, they ran their ways, and that same Night the City of Exeter was delivered of the Siege. After that they gathered at Launston, to whom the Lord Privy-Seal and Sir Will. Herbert went and overthrew them, taking their chief Heads and executing them. Nevertheless some sailed to Bridgwater, and went about Sedition, but were quickly repressed. Hitherto of Devonshire. At this time the Black Gally was taken. Now to Norfolk: The People suddenly gathered together in Norfolk, and increased to a great number, against whom the Lord Marquess of Northampton was sent, with the number of 1060 Horsemen, who winning the Town of Norwich, kept it one day and one night; and the next day in the morning, with the loss of 100 Men, departed out of the Town, among whom the Lord Sheffield was slain. There were taken divers Gentlemen, and Servingmen, to the number of thirty; with which Victory, the Rebels were very glad; but afterward hearing that the Earl of Warwick came against them, they began to stay upon a strong plot of Ground upon a Hill near to the Town of Norwich, having the Town confederate with them. The Earl of Warwick came with the number of 6000 Foot, and 1500 Horsemen, and entred into the Town of Norwich; which having won it, was so weak that he could scarcely defend it; and oftentimes the Rebels came into the Streets, killing divers of his Men, and were repulsed again; yea, and the Townsmen were given to Mischief themselves : So having endured their Assaults three days, and stopped their victuals, the Rebels were constrained, for lack of Meat, to remove; whom the Earl of Warwick followed with 1000 Almains, and his Horsemen, leaving the English Footmen in the Town, and overcame them in plain Battel, killing 2000

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of them, and taking Ket their Captain, who in January follow- BOOK

II. ing was hang’d at Norwich, and his Head hanged out: Ket's Brother was taken also, and punished alike. In the mean season Chastilion besieged the Peer of Bolloin made in the Haven, and after long Battery, 20000 shot or more, gave assault to it, and were manfully repulsed; nevertheless they continued the Siege still, and made often Skirmishes, and false Assaults, in which they won not much. Therefore seeing they profited little that way, they planted Ordnance against the Mouth of the Haven, that no Victual might come to it; which our Men seeing, set upon them by Night and slew divers Frenchmen, and dismounted many of their Peeces; nevertheless the French came another time and planted their Ordnance toward the Sand-side of the Sand-Hills, and beat divers Ships of Victualers at the Entry of the Haven; but yet the Englishmen, at the King's adventure, came into the Haven and refreshed divers times the Town. The Frenchmen seeing they could not that way prevail, continued their Battery but smally, on which before they had spent 1500 Shot in a day, but loaded a Galley with Stones and Gravel, which they let go in the Stream to sink it; but or e're it sunk, it came near to one Bank, where the Bulloners took it out, and brought the Stones to reinforce the Peer. Also at Guines was a certain Skirmish, in which there was about an 100 Frenchmen slain, of which some were Gentlemen and Noblemen. In the mean season in England rose great Stirs, like to increase much if it had not been well foreseen. The Council, about nineteen of them, were gathered in London, thinking to meet with the Lord Protector, and to make him amend some of his Disorders. He fearing his State, caused the Secretary, in my Name, to be sent to the Lords, to know for what Cause they gathered their Powers together ; and if they meant to talk with him, that they should come in a peaceable manner. The next morning, being the 6th of October and Saturday, he commanded the Armour to be brought down out of the Armoury of Hampton Court, about 500 Harnesses, to Arm both his and My Men, with all the Gates of the House to be Rampeir’d, People to be raised : People came abundantly to the House. That night, with all the People, at nine or ten of the Clock of the night, I went to Windsor,

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