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ing to the aristocratic form. Should a separate con- splendour of arms dazzle and delude their daughters, federacy be formed there, it would not create surprise, perchance even among ourselves the successful soldier to behold in a few years power centering in the hands be looked to as the proper and permanent head of the of a few ambitious and leading men-preserved in the state, and our liberties expire in a blaze of martial same families by the influence of wealth and talent, and glory: The future historian in narrating the fortunes finally perpetuated in hereditary form. In the eastern of this land will tell over the stories of Venice and and middle States and in the western States, at least in Genoa-of Milan and Florence and Pisa. He may have those in which slavery is not tolerated, such a change is to speak of cities sacked—of people carried into cap. not perhaps to be feared Predominating wealth is tivity-of modern Dorias and Dandolos crimsoning the among them only to be found in the commercial capi- waters of our fine bays and inland seas with mutual tals—where the possesor is, as to personal influence, slaughter of the whoop of the savage intermingled lost amid the crowd of free and aspiring men who with Christian arms, and avenging the wrongs of their elbow him on every side, and meet and thwart him at ancestors, upon the descendants of their oppressors every turn. It gives no political influence. That de perhaps of a sable banner rising victorious over the flag pends upon popular talent- and popular talent is always of the white man! All these things may be—and should to be found in the grasp of men coming from among the they, or a tithe part of them, come to pass—and could we people in numbers sufficient to prevent the overween- imagine the spirits of the departed, to look down with ing rise of any individual beyond a just and proper interest upon the scenes of this world, well might we point.

fancy that of the third George, gazing with stern comCities and boroughs have ever been the strong holds posure upon our discord, and viewing it as just retribu. of freedom; congregated in masses,conscious of strength, tiun--while thine, thou other George, our own revered watchful, jealous, well informed, their inhabitants are Washington, even in the mansions of the blessed, would by force of position sturdy republicans: and in this lose its sense of happiness, while gazing on the ruin section of our country, cities and boroughs are thickly inflicted by the madness of ambition, upon that fair and planted, and daily increasing in numbers and in growth. perfect edifice, erected by thy hands, and intended by

But there are dangers common to us all. Let the thee for the eternal dwelling place of freedom! fatal example of disunion be set: and where-where, And if the curse of disunion must fall upon us, are would it end? Into how many, or into how few con. these ills inevitable? Must the madness, and unholy federacies our country would be split, what human eye violence of one portion of the confederacy involve the can foresee? Should we have a Southern and an Eastern rest in misery? Is there no escape from such accumuconfederacy—or a Southern, a Middle, an Eastern and lation of wo? Far be it from us to despair of the re. a Western confederacy—and form them as you will, public; that the evils depicted are those which, guided how long would it be before supposed discrepancies of by past experience, we have reason to dread, is all that interest, or the ambition of men grasping at high offices is asserted.' To admit them inevitable would be to intoo few to satisfy their desires, would again and again- vite their approach. And it may well happen that prosubdivide, and tear to pieces the miserable remnants, vidence by a just retribution may cause the sword to until wide spread havoc, confusion, and ruin, should fall upon the imprudent men who have been so ready extend the pall of desolation over its whole face? Then to draw it from the scabbard; and that guided by pa. might war in its bitterest and most aggravated form glut (triotism-impelled by the native energies of her hardy its sanguinary appetite in the blood of Ainericans, by sons--driven forward by the expanding force of univerAmericans shed. Commercial rivalry, the interference sal freedom--the untainted portion of our country may of foreign nations, the desire of supremacy--nay, the reach that pinnacle of greatness, towards which their lust of conquset would, some or other of them, soon, ascent has hitherto been uninterrupted. Let us turn very soon, cast abroad the brand of inextinguishable then from the gloomy picture, and hail this more cheer. hate: there are no quarrels so bitter as those of a ful prospect. Suppose that our discontented sister family-no wars so ferocious as those of a divided peo- Stale should proceed in her unhallowed views, and ple. Ancient Greece, modern Italy, present South draw into the vortex of her ambitious projects, other America, all present beacons shedding broad lights up. States supposed to have with her a community of inter on that which might become our miserable fate. To est and of feeling. The republic would remain, shorn doubt that such might be the result of disunion, would of its beams, it is true, but still great and powerful be wilfully to shut our eyes to all the admonitions of And if the poison of the example did not spread might history, nay it would be to doubt the awful warnings rise more resplendent from the dim eclipse. There of our own feelings, to deny belief to the rapid current would remain a people in numbers at this moment up. of our own bloods. Let us but recollect the mingled wards of nine millions-possessed of an immense ex. sentiments of indignation and fiery passion which have tent of territory-of a hardy, laborious, intelligent poswollen our own veins within a twelve month, and re pulation, devoted to agriculture, to commerce, and to call the taunts, the bitter defiance thrown back upon manufactures; unfettered by a hostile race existing among us from our brothers of the South, and we may faintly themselves; accustomed to command the ocean; full figure forth the ferocity which would mark an actual of enterprise; and having abundant capital to give it contest. Alas, alas, that this should be so! Yet why impulse; with all the necessaries of life producible should we refuse to hear the truth? rather let us listen within their own borders—and with no counterpoise in to its warning voice, and strive to avert such most un. the scale, but the moral influence of the pestiferous ex. natural scenes from our beloved country.

ample of disunion. Why should not such a people We boast now, and justly too, of our domestic secu- continue its onward Aight to greatness?

Why should rity-our undisturbed fireside enjoyments; our sons and the removal of a weight from their wings lessen the daughters grow up around us in peace and safety-the height to which they might soar? Is it not probable, fruits of industry are our own; separate the Union, and that relieved from the pressure of conflicting interests, before. another half a century shall elapse, perhaps with the spring of their exertions untrammelled, their before a tithe of that time, and we shall be a nation of own views of policy unconfined, their speed in the race fortified camps, and of armed men. Splended deeds of of prosperity would be redoubled-and that, in time, arms will be done-the exploits of the warrior will fill the force of contrast and the lessons of experience, the song of the poet: the navies of the north; the yeo- might lure back to their arms, an erring and repentant man infantry of the middle States; the careering cavalry sister? What is to prevent such a consummation, if we of the broad plains of the west; the chivalry of the are true to ourselves? From foreign hostility we have south, will win their victories, and gain immortal ho- nothing to fear. As to that, our country is almost innor. But alas for the people; them will the tax-gatherer tangible. Contests with our former brethren might be oppress-the conscription carry away their sons—the 'rife and bitter-but they would be border wars, dis

1833.)

SALT SPRINGS, NEAR PITTSBURGH.

95

tressing to the immediate locality, elsewhere unimpres- self. It becomes us as Pennsylvanians to bend our efsive, having perhaps no other effect than that of pre- forts to her advancement-to extend and enlarge her venting the extinction of martial spirit. Indeed, it prosperity-to elevate her character-and to demand seems inevitable, unless man shall most perseveringly for her the rank and consideration to which she is justly strive to mar the designs of his Creator, that this con- entitled. And while she is cultivating and bringing in. tinent shall be the seat of great and powerful nations. Ito active operation all her resources, let not PennsylvaThe knowledge of its existence seems to have been nia forget or neglect her men, her able and intelligent, withheld from civilized man, until the period was ap- men. It is through them her sister States must be proaching when convulsed and overpeopled Europe made to feel and acknowledge her weight, her real imshould require a new world to receive her surplus po. portance. Their voices should be heard-their counpulation, and a new soil in which to plant her arts and sels should be listened to. Their services should be sciences, her literature and philosophy—where they continued, from year to year, and from term to term, that might flourish and expand under the influence of a vir- to the weight derived from talent they might add the gin mould. Here then, man, renovated man, must in- confidence of experience. All the high places of Penna crease till millions upon millions shall fill the space be- sylvania should be filled with ber most distinguished tween the Atlantic and the Rocky mountains—and sons, no matter what their party-no matter what the thence pour down fresh myriads till they reach and name which others may have chosen to attribute or subdue the eastern shores of the great Pacific. But they themselves have been willing to adopt. whether these unnumbered hosts are to exist under the In this particular we may well be tutored by the blessings of free institutions, or to gasp under the pres. south. Those men who for thirty years have upheld sure of despotism, is the problem which man himself her pretentions in the public councils of the country and must solve. If our Union lasts there is no dream of in their own domestic arenas have all grown up and the philanthropist too brilliant to be realized. If that grown old in the same service. They are trained in union be frittered away by the most unholy ambition of early life, while the blood still courses madly through her own parricidal sons, and the minerals of our moun- their veins under the guidance of some veteran leader, tains be converted into instruments of mutual destruc- who calms their onset without extinguishing their ardour. tion and fraternal discord, we shall but repeat among They gain experience by perseverance in the course: ourselves the melancholy and desolating story of all the they become in their turn leaders, following up the past nations of the earth.

pursuits, adopting the doctrines, carrying out the policy The uncertainties which now bang over the general of their predecessors--at home they are rewarded by prosperity make it the duty and the interest of every the public praise and approbation--and thus supported, individual State to be doubly watchful of her own they are elsewhere respected. The intercourse between course-doubly attentive to her own prosperity. Such them and the people is alike honorable to both,--frank, is the machinery of our institutions, that each State is open, and confiding; and this confidence, thus given, is capable of exercising an influence which will be felt to not hastily withdrawn, or suffered to be the sport of the extremities of our country. Arranged and organiz. every idle whim of party. The result has been such ed as a nation, with all the attributes of a distinct power, as we have witnessed. The destinies of the Republic they are at all moments ready to spring forward upon have been heretofore almost exclusively held in the the path of national weal-or if misdirected, of national hands of the south. They are in truth a generous and wo. The facility with which our warm-blooded sister a gallant people, and it is to their honour that they have of the south assumed the attitude of prepared resist. grasped and held the ensign of republican power. Yes, ance, is a startling evidence of the power of each indi- my fellow citizens, they are a generous and a gallant peovidual member of the general family; and when we re. ple--without fear their men--their women without recollect that a few stirring, perhaps disappointed spirits, proach. May the Almighty, in his temple I say it with refanned that Aame, which might almost have consumed verence may the Almighty, of his infinite mercy, avert & continent, it leads us to the further conclusion that from us the grief of beholding them separated from the the course of every individual citizen should be watched great American family! Let Pennsylvania imitate them in and guarded—that the first aspirations of ambition the particular to which I have been alluding; let her,dis. should be checked and love of country be inculcated dining the trammels of party, draw forth her ablest and and insisted upon as the first great recommendation to her best; assuine her station upon a pinnacle suited to her that country's favour,

real greatness; and Pennsylvania may do much to avoid Certainly not the least powerful of the confederacy the threatened storm. From firmness, temperance, is our own Pennsylvania. She has been called the key mutual concession, from recurrence to revolutionary stone of the arch of the Union-a flattering designation lore, from recollection of past sufferings jointly borne, undoubtedly-and which we have accepted with suffi- and past blessings jointly bestowed, the spirit of peace cient complacency—though it may be somewhat diffi- and harmony and brotherly love may be revived from cult to point out precisely where the analogy lies-or its temporary sleep--and our star-spangled banner once why Pennsylvania is peculiarly entitled to the epithet. more float in wild careering youthful joy over a happy This state undoubtedly ought to possess great influence and united people. in the councils of the Nation, and with her sister States. Young men without distinction of party!-heloved She is happily situated for a mediatrix between the sons of our beloved country—she cries to you for union, south and the north; and is in close affinity and connex- union, union; listen to her with the willing ear of young ion with the growing west. Her population is already affection, and respond to her call with the ready hearts in number nearly a million and a half-second only to and hands of vigorous manhood. that of New York-half as great as that of the whole Let union be henceforward the banner of your party, Union when we became independent; her soil excellent the goal of your ambition, the reward of your exer-her water courses magnificent-her mineral productions. tions far exceeding those yet developed in any other part of the Union-her public improvements, roads,

SALT SPRING. canals, and bridges, worthy of all praise—her system of A valuable Salt spring has been discovered by bolaws enlightened-her wealth abundant-her chief city, ring, near Pittsburg, on the opposite side of the Moof great extent, surpassing beauty, and correspondent nongahela river. The depth reached by this process celebrity at home and abroad; she is entitled to great was 627 feet, and the stream of salt water rises to a weight in the nation--and whether a single or a divided height of thirty feet above the level of the earth, and at people, her power ought to be known, felt, and ac- the rate of seven thousand gallons in 24 hours, of knowledged.' Perhaps she has been too modesta strength sufficient to make 12 or 15 barrels of salt. The virtue more becoming to her fair daughters than to her. I following is the account given in the Pittsburgh Ga

31

zette, of the progress of boring through the various ed up Tumbling run, on which creek a house and barn strata of coal, clay, slate, sandstone, &c.

were unroofed, and a mill dam rased to its foundation: “In boring, they struck the first rock, a kind of slate, It is stated that part of the roof of the store house at the depth of 33 feet, which continued for 88 feet, above mentioned, was carried to a distance of three variegated in color, some red, like red chalk; some miles from Mount Carbon. 1 he above particulars, perfectly white; all pretty much alike in substance. which have been communicated to us, we believe to be They then came upon sandstone, of a grayish red co. substantially correct Miners' Journal. lor, which continued, with occasional interruptions for 90 feet. They next came upon another vein of slate, very like the first, and variegated in the same way, and A Stonm.-On Sunday the 14th of July, a storm immediately below this they found a stratum of lime passed over many parts of our state that did considera. stone seven feet thick, the only limestone discovered. ble damage. In Columbia county, the rain raised the From this down to about 590 feet they passed, gener-creeks and runs until they overflowed their banks, and ally, through a kind of rotten, dark gray sandstone, did much injury to the meadow grass. A post was with occasional shells of harder sandstone, with portions struck by lightning and split at the corner of two of the of iron. The next thirty feet was very hard boring, the most public streets in Danville. The barn of Mr. John first 10 of these was through a gray sandstone, almost Kelchner, of Briar creek township, was struck and enas hard as granite, the other 25 through a perfectly tirely consumed. white and very hard sandstone. Struck salt water at In Berks county, Maj. Bitting, who resides near 625 feet, but not enough; went two feet deeper, where Reading, was prostrated by the shock of lightning they got the vein now relied upon. When the chisel which killed a cow within 20 yards of where he stood, struck this last vein, it fell about 2 inches, thus indi- but was not seriously injured. In Maiden creek town, cating the depth of water.

ship, the barn of a Mr. Morris was struck and consumed In their progress they passed through the following with its contents. And in Douglas township, the barn strata of coal

of a Mr. Henry Baum shared the same fate. At 133 feet struck a vein 10 inches thick. 280 do. 3 feet thick.

In Montgomery county, the barn of Mr. Bradfield of 440 do. 31 do.

Springfield township was struck and consumed together 480 do.

with its contents, estimated in value at $1000.

do.
580
do.

In Lancaster county, a Mrs. Hummer, of Rapho
3 do•
602
do. 4 inches.

township, was killed whilst resting with an arm on the Found gas at every vein of coal, except the first, shoulder of her husband, who was leaning against the which continued to discharge three or four weeks from casing of a window. Mr. Hummer was stunned so as

to be insensible for some time. Three horses, belong. each vein. Mr. Murray thinks that the gas now discharged would light an establishment larger than the ing to J. Lightner, Esq. were killed in a pasture field. Exchange Hotel in the city of Pittsburg:

In Northampton county, the lightning struck the barn and stable of Mr. Spenzler of Hecktown, and consumed

both, DELAWARE CANAL. This division of the Pennsylvania canal is in excellent how, near the town of Northumberland, was unroofed

In Northumberland county, the house of Mr. Leig. order, and the following statement will show the num. ber of boats cleared at Bristol, and the amount of tolls by the wind, and the upper story much injured. Trees received for the last eight days in July.

were torn up and grain fields very much damaged. Wednesday, July 24 25 boats,

Muncy Telegraph. $114 87 Thursday, 25 15

40 04 Friday, 26 23

181 57

BINGHAMPTON AND OWEGO RAIL ROAD. Saturday,

27
25

69 58
Sunday,
28 18

80 05 The books for Stock in this work were opened at Monday, 29 11

26 24 Binghampton, on the 4th inst. and upon closing them, Tuesday, 30 15

90 67 nearly twice the capital (150,000,] were subscribed, Wednesday, 31 27

70 18 and a gentleman, of that village, has already been re.

quested to forward to Buffalo 5000 tons of coal for the

673 20 state of Ohio. This is taking things by the forelock, as Boats passed out of the canal during the

the coal is to be brought from Pennsylvania, 52 miles same time.

from Binghampion, and sent either by the Chenango From Easton, 94 boats, toll, 1694 53 canal, when completed, or by the Ithaca and Owego New Hope 6

23 92 Rail Road, in order to get it to the Erie canal.-Elmi

ra, N. Y. Republican.

$2391 45 Amount of tolls received on the Delaware canal since A company is forming, and stock subscribing for the the opening of the navigation, to July 31, 1833, and purpose of constructing steamboats to ply between number of boats cleared.

Owego and the Lackawanna Coal Beds, near Wilkes. At Bristol, 987 boats, toll

$4124 03 barre, in order to introduce that valuable fossil into At Easton about 812, toll about

11,658 14 Western New York.-16. At New Hope, 255,

700 00 $16,482 17 MINERAL WATER.-Within the limits of the borough

of Columbia is a mineral spring, the water of which

has been analyzed by an eminent physician of Philadel.

POTTSVILLE, June 15. phia, and thought to be highly medicinal. The muri. WAIRLWIND. -On Tuesday night last, a violent gust, ate of iron predominates largely, rendering it actively which may be called a whirlwind, from its effects, pass- tonic. Sulplir and magnesia also, are contained in it, ed over the Mount Carbon landing partially unroofing in sufficient quantities to render it slightly aperient.' a large stone store house, formerly occupied by Messrs. Only a few improvements around the spring, and some Moore & Graham, carrying a large stone across the one to call public attention to the subject, are required Schuylkill, and a horse to a considerable distance from to make Columbia one of the most beneficial and fash. the spot where he was fastened. The Tornado extend ionable watering places in the country.-Spy.

HAZARD'S

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OY EVERY KIND OY USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING TIE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL IIAZARD.

VOL. XII.-NO. 7.

PHILADELPHIA. AUGUST 17, 1833.

NO. 294.

LA FAYETTE COLLEGE.

to us by a sort of communication more impressive than Easros, Pa. July 4.

history and more vivid than mere tradition ; and pass. The recent anniversary of our independence was ce- familiar intercourse, their influence is at length stamped

ing from generation to generation in a frequent and lebrated with more than its usual interest to us of Eas. indelibly on the hearts and reflected from the conduct ton. The procession for laying the corner stone of La Fay of those who thus at stated periods and at short inter

vals recur to them. ette College, was formed at the court house square, at

The American revolution cannot properly be estihalf past nine o'clock, under the direction of Col. J.

mated, independently of its consequences. Sublime M. Porter, Chief Marshall.

On settling the stone to its place, Colonel Porter said: as were the sacrifices which it called forth, it is not to “Here on the anniversary of our independence, we

be considered merely as a glorious display of devoted dedicate this building to the cause of science and edu patriotism, untiring fortitude and determined valour cation. May it long be the seat of virtue and learning.

as a bright example of virtuous efforts conducted by a May the example of him whose name it bears, and who gracious providence to happy results—as a triumphant is well described as the model of republican chivalry, the auspicious establishment of a mighty empire on the

relief of suffering worth from proud oppression-or as the hero of three reyolutions, of two centuries, and of both hemispheres, inspire the youth who shall be here perties belong indeed to an event among the most re

broadest basis of popular representation. These pro. educated, with the proper spirit of patriotim and phi- markable in the story of mankind. Had it been no lanthropy. And may the all bounteous Author of nature bless this undertaking, protect those engaged in otherwise distinguished, history would have inscribed completing this structure from accident and harm, and

it upon her brightest page; philosophy would have long preserve it from decay.

pointed to it as confirming many of her favourite theoThe Rev. B. C. Wolf, of the German Reformed ries; and the shades of those who bled for its accomChurch, delivered a neat; beautiful, and appropriate ad- plishment would have continued to walk amid the condress.

flicts and animate the exertions of struggling freedom And the ceremonies were concluded by prayer by until the end of time. It would have taught lessons the Rev. Mr. Vanilever, of the Reformed Vutch profitable to the world at large. Its speculative results Church.

would have been the property of mankind. But a long The procession was again formed, and proceeded to ants of those who braved the storm, and who were

train of benefits and blessings was laid for the descendthe German Reformed Chuch, where an address was themselves unconscious of the extent which they would delivered by Joseph R. Ingersoll, Esq. of Philaclelphia, to, and in pursuance of the appointment of, the Prank- one day reach. These benefits and blessings have conlin and Washington Literary Societies of La Fayette abundance and diffusing themselves in lavish bounty in

tinued to pass along the course of time, increasing in College.

their progress. They resemble a stream which, spring. ADDRESS

ing from a pure but unpretending source in the depths

of the forest or on the summit of the mountain, gathers EY JOSEPI R. INGERSOLL, ESQ.

as it flows its tributary waters, and gliding through Delivered before the Literary Societies of La Fayette boundless plains which it fertilizes, swells at length in

Colle ge, at Easton, Pennsylvania, July 4, 1833. to a mighty and majestic river, which reflects from its Published at the request of the Societies.

bright surface populous cities, and bears upon its buoyA whole nation is at this moment celebrating the birth ant waves the productions of a world. day of its independence. From the wide extremes of The practical effects of the American revolution are this extended land the din of arms announces, not the peculiarly ours. National honour and individual prosconflict of hostile legions, but the rejoicings of patriot perity; an attainment of all the comforts and conve. freemen. The thunder of cannon is every where pro- niences of life; science adopted, learning cultivated, claiming a people's gratitude to those who first erected and knowledge every where diffused ; a spirit of enterthe temple of liberty, and first sacrificed upon her prise without a parallel ; activity the most intense, and altars; and millions of swelling hearts beat in respon success in almost every undertaking within the reach of sive unison. Let us withdraw for a moment from these human strength-all are results, the deep foundations animating scenes of joy and gratitude, and indulge in of which were laid on the day and by the deed, which noiseless contemplation our no less fervent sensibility for we are now commemorating. But for that day and the blessings we have inherited, and exchange our mu- that deed, they would have been unknown, and this tual pledges to cherish and preserve them.

now united and powerful republic would have continu. These periodical revolutions of time are happily cal. ed to be a collection of loosely combined and depend. culated to keep alive the recollection of past events. ent colonies. They would have languished in feeble Peelings which are inspired even by the great occur- existence, subject to the caprice of foreign power ; rence of the 4th of July, 1776, would become languid the perpetual prey, and the bloody arena of a warfare if they were not occasionally renewed. Remarkable not their own í starved perhaps by the neglect, or, what events are rooted in the memory only when it dwells would have been scarcely better, fed by the conde. upon them from time to time, and recalls the periods scending bounty of a distant master. Where are the which gave them existence. They are thus, as it were, colonies that have really assumed the dignity or enjoy. acted over again in fancy, with all their attractions, and ed the advantages of a nation? Shall we turn to the none of their toils and dangers. They become known West India Islands ? Different governments of Europe VOL. XII.

13

have there tried the effect of their respective systems ; ver ceasing efforts, to dishonour not the authors of our and have left their dependencies almost motionless in blood—"to attest that those whom we call fathers did moral and intellectual improvement, effectually moving beget us." The devout Mahometan in lris daily prayers, only in a career of monied advantages, where it is diffi. is said to turn from every corner of the remotest lands cult to say which is the more intolerable, the insecurity towards the temple of Mecca. So should the grateful and perpetual alarm of the master, or the hopeless, yet American fix his steady eye and constant heart upon the unsubdued and reluctant submission of the slave. Spain event which rendered this day the brightest of the po. has gone on adding to the load of oppression under litical year ; animated by the spirit, instructed by the which her American colonists had groaned, for ages, precepts, led by the example and faithful to the princi. until at length the chains were broken which had be. ples which shone forth on that trying occasion, when come too galling to be borne. But what has the boast the garb of patriotism was to all appearance of the ed colonial policy of Great Britain done to benefit its same texture and the same luue with the robe of rebel subjects ? how little has it attempted except to enrich lion-when clouds and darkness bung upon the same herself! Human sacrifices still kindle the fires which narrow steep and thorny path which led to immortal burn upon the funeral piles of Hindoo superstition. fame or to an ignominious grave-to honour or the The idol Juggernaut still dyes his chariot wheels with scaffold-to liberty or death. During the whole voyage human blood. These sad remains of native ignorance of life, in all its varying latitudes from early infancy to darken the sky of European supremacy, while the once extremest age, this same bright star should guide us, splendid fabrics of Asiatic taste and elegance are mould. these same ennobling feelings should inspire and animate ering into dust. What has the country, peopled with and purify us. Neither the young nor the old are exempt eighty-nine millions of inhabitants, gained by the from the obligation. It calls alike for the exertions of exchange of rulers ? Ignorance and a false religion, all. While the active performers on the stage devote with its impure and impious rites, maintain their the best energies of manly maturity to ennoble and expower ; not even as formerly, at least the compan. alt their country, they are cheered by the smiles and ions of national independence; but shorn of the guided by the instructions of the venerable fathers of consolations which the elevation and grandeur of self- the nation. Youth, too, has its no less appropriate ofgovernment might have continued to inspire. Shall we fice. The young Hannibal before the assembled wiscompare i he advancement of the Canadas, much favor- dom of Carthage offered up his vow of unrelenting ed as they have been by their distant rulers, with that of batred to the Romans. Let the young American, in their republican neighbours ? A single illustration may better spirit but with the same undoubting zeal, devote suffice. The happiest invention of modern times for himself to the love and service of his native land. In the diffusion of useful and universal information, in the the discharge of this his sacred vow, his earliest and his cheapest form, the freshest in production, the most unceasing efforts must be directed to the promotion of various in matter, and the most practical for the purposcience, without which even freedom itself would be an ses of life, is the establishment of gazettes. The art empty name.

It is the best-under the sacred guar. of printing was imperfect without them. Books are | dianship of heaven, it is the only safe protection of the the preceptors of the scholar and the philosopher, but dignity, the power, the glory, the happiness, the vir: the daily press is the friend and the companion of the tue, and even the existence of the republic. Without

No station is so exalted as to be out of the sphere it, her institutions are erected on the sand ; defenceless of its influence, none so humble that it does not reach from the shocks of ignorance, caprice and passion; with it. It is alike welcome in the populous city and the se. it, they are grounded on the solid rock, and will defy questered vale. It goes forth with the sun himself, and the storms of foreign and domestic strife. diffuses universal light. Political knowledge and indi. The maxim has grown to be as familiar as it is true, vidual instruction are alike disseminated by it. It pen. that knowledge is power. The very terms are almost etrates the workshop and the counting room, the cot- synonymous. Our language derives from the same root tage and the cabin : it flies to the trareller, however re. the words which imply the strength to execute and the mote, on wings as swift almost as light, and overtakes intellect to perceive and learn. Glossarists trace the and cheers him with the intelligence of his home. The term king, now serving the title of the possessor of the chamber of the sick is relieved by its consolations; even proudest human rank, to an origin which signifies knou:. the dungeon of the prisoner is rendered less dark by ledge, that being the first and surest fountain of authoriits sympathy. We are told by Sir James Mackintosh, ty. But the cause we advocate and are endeavouring in his celebrated defence of Peltier for an alleged libel to sustain, would deserve only half our homage were it on Napoleon, that in the year of the Armada, Queen the source or the instrument of merely power. Mere Elizabeth caused to be printed the first gazette that power, unenlightened, unrefined, with the strength of ever appeared in England." This,” he adds, " was angels, may be tainted with the wickedness of demons one of the most sagacious experiments, one of the Science is ihe companion and the parent of virtue-the greatest discoveries of political genius, one of the most antidote and foe of vice. Power, enlightened, purified, striking anticipations of future experience that we find refined, is the attribute of God himself. It is in a state in history.” More than sixty gazettes are daily issued of ignorance, that the imagination of man's heart is from the presses of these United States, besides the desperately wicked. Religion and virtue find their numbers which less frequently appear. In England,, way to it when the path is lighted by the lamp of knowtoo, they muliiplied and magnified to the best of pur. ledge. poses under the patronage of the successors of Eliza The progress of science may be traced and its charms beth, their ministers and people. Yet the Canadas discerned in a gradual extinction of the evil dispositions, have, it seems, within the last few weeks, (if it has and a corresponding improvement in the finer feelings been done at all) made their very first attempt thus with of our nature, as the understanding is enlightened and every rising sun to enlighten the public mind—to pene. the manners are refined. Barbarous nations are withtrate like his beams the deepest caverns, and dispel out definite notions of property or solicitude for the the shades of ignorance-to establish a watchtower, acquisition of it, and they are thus strangers to a preş. which to a people boasting of freedom and meaning to nant source of crimes among those which are civilized. maintain it, is indispensable-a lighthouse, which to a / Yet they are the victims of internal discord more savage people desirous of general knowledge, is inestimable. and relentless than that of beast of .prey; and of ex.

A debt of gratitude which can never be effectually ternal warfare, fierce, cruel and insatiable. The ancient cancelled, is due to the founders of our republic, from Saxons and their neighbouring Danes were perpetually all who enjoy the rich inheritance ; an inheritance which involved in ferocious and brutal conflicts. Scarcely less their valour won and their wisdom has, we devoutly ferocity at one time mingled with the border wars of the trust, secured. It may be partially repaid only by ne. ' English and the Scots. Yet the same blood which, un

man.

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