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language, signifies a Bell, was intended only; but in spacious-being 84 feet in front, including wings; main those days, as now, it seems an order could easily be building '40 feet square; wings each 22 feet front and misconstrued, and a bell and clock were both sent, as 26 back. The lower

story of the main building is handis often the case now a days, when in sending to the somely finished and fitted up for a court room; the secity for one article only, you are apt to get half a dozen. cond story is divided into very comfortable rooms, for So far, the work has progressed without the slightest the accommodation of juries, &c. On the front is a accident, though hands are difficult to be found, who room extending the whole length of the main building, are willing to be employed at so dizzy an elevation. -- and about 20 feet wide, divided in the centre by folding Reading Chronicle.

doors. The rear of the building is divided into smai apartments. The first story of the north wing will be

occupied by the Prothontary, and the second story by CARBONDALE, (Luz. co. Pa.) July 18.

the Sheriff, as offices. In the south wing, the lower ELECTRIC SHOCK.-On Sunday last, our village was apartment will be occupied as the Register's office, and visited by a strange phenomenon--we say strange, be: the room on the second floor has been reserved by the Cause comparatively few of our citizens ever witnessed County Commissioners as an office for themselves. so continued a scene of thunder, lightning, hail, and

The contractors (Messrs. Gustine & Oles) are entitled rain. About two o'clock the sky began to darken, the 10 much credit, for the prompt and faithful manner in sure presage of an approaching tempest, and shortly which they have fulfilled their contract. We are only afterwards, sure enough, the loud sounding artillery and sorry that they have not been more amply compensated vivid flashes announced a fearful contest among the for their labor. Certainly, within our knowledge, no boisterous elements, and apprized our citizens of the building of the same size, as well finished, has been approach of danger. The hail and rain poured down in erected for so small a sum of money.Miflintown Free torrents—the wind rose high, and the deafening thun. Press. der increased and echoed from hill to hill-till at length a simultaneous flash and report filled all with apprehen. sign that some of our citizens bad fallen victims to its fu.

CUMBERLAND SUFFERERS. ry. The railway at this moment appeared in a blaze, and The Committee of Superintendence of the Cumberland afterwards continued to sparkle for some time. Blaze

Sufferers, in account with Jos, Trotter, Treasurer. succeeded blaze, accompanied by the loudest peels, while the rain continued incessantly, until the conflict 1833,

Dr. ing elements, exhausted, became calm and tranquil.

May 8, To Cash,

450 00 The damages sustained by property were inconside 7, do.

750 00 rable-several persons, however, received severe shocks,

do.

400 00 and particularly Mr. James Clarkson and his lady were

10,
do.

700 00 very much injured. The lightning struck the chimney

14, do.

230 00 of their residence, and descended in such a manner, as

30, do.

175 00 to stun Mr. Clarkson, and render Mrs. C. senseless and June 1, do.

170 00 speechless for some time. She was considerably burnt,

340 00 in consequence of which she is still severely indisposed, July 1,

8 90 but hopes are entertained of her speedy recovery.

11, do.

21 29 Northern Pennsylvanian.

Sundry Expenses,

45 95

9,

17,

do. do.

NORRISTOWN, June 5.

3641 14 About 5 o'clock on Sunday afternoon, a violent storm

1833,

Cr. of rain and wind arose, which, we understand, did considcrable damage in various sections ofour country. The By contributions of the citizens of roof of the barn on the premises of Mr. J. Mathen, in Philadelphia, viz:

Chesnut ward,

534 70 Whitemarsh township, was blown entirely off, and carried several hundred yards into a field belonging to a South ward,

351 75

376 50 neighboring farm. Other buildings in the vicinity, High street ward,

Lower Delaware ward,

299 26 were also injured, and we have heard of several or

South Mulberry ward,

252 87 chards to which very great damage has been done.

North Mulberry ward,

73 91 Dock ward,

492 46 DIED, the Rev. CHARLES B. MAGUIRE, 1). D. for

Middle ward,

250 00 many years pastor of St. Patrick's church, in Pittsburg,

Upper Delaware ward,

191 96 Pennsylvania, aged about 65 years.

Cedar ward,

28 37 A friend has furnished us with the following memo.

2851 78 randum of the number who attended his funcral:

By contributions of the citizens of 6 horsemen in front,

Northern Liberties, viz: 3 mourning carriages,

1st ward,

185 17 300 ladies,

2nd ward,

95 00 500 men, on foot,

4th ward,

141 00 9 two horse carriages, each?

5th ward,

58 64 containing 3 persons,

7th ward,

53 25 9 one horse carriages, 5 in each c.

533 06 60 horsemen,

By contributions of the citizens of Municy, 38 50
Do. do. West Chester,

112 25 Amounting to about 1158 in the procession, exclusive

Do. of the immense number who were not in procession, but

Two Churches, Dickinson, Penn, 21 29 who followed the remains of the deceased to the grave.

Do Sundry individuals, Societies, &c. 84 26 -Mercury:

3641 14

The Court House is now finished. The workman. ship of the building is highly creditable to the contract. ors and mechanics employed in its construction. The contract price was less than $4,000. The buildi ng is

I do hereby certify that the above account is correct.

M. CAREY, Chairman,

Committee of Superintendence, Philadelphia, July 12, 1833.

HAZARD'S REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OP USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOI.. XII.-NO. 5.

PHILADELPHIA, AUGUST 3, 1833.

NO. 292.

From the Commercial Herald.

ginia, there exists a continuous range of rock formation, SKETCHES OF PENNSYLVANIA.

which is the matrix of the gold, and in which that me.

tal may be found in greater or less abundance. In ma. No. 5.

ny places, and probably for many miles, it is so covered « Non cuivis adisce Corinthum," said the Latin Poet, by the rocks as not to be accessible. Probably, indeed, which being freely translated, means, it is not every its natural formation is such, that it will never be disman's luck io get to Paradise, even to that "Paradise" covered, except when some natural ravine, or water in Lancaster county, where we last stopped, and where, course has penetrated the superincumbent mass. at least three-fourths of the people bear the patronimic If it be true that this formation extends six hundred of "Witmer." Having been thus favored above other miles, we may fairly argue that it extends still further, men, we may testify our gratitude by tarrying a day for until we know some reason why it should cease. Knowthe benefit of our host of the Paradise Hotel-Witmer ing no such reason, we as firmly believe that it crosses by name, and by official station, Post Master of the dis. the Potomac, the Susquehanna, and the Delaware, as trict.

that it crosses the Yadkin, the Roanoke, the James The description of Paradise in the second Chapter of River, and the Rappahannock In other words, we Genesis, mentions the river Pison, as compassing the believe there is as much good in Maryland and Pennsyl. whole land of Havili:h, with the further remark, that vania, as in Virginin, North and South Carolina, and the "gold of that land is good.". A natural association Georgia. The only problem,

and a very important one of ideas leads us to inquire at this particular time, and we admit, is, to find it. It may possibly lie too deep place, where is the Havilah, or the Ophir, of Pennsyl: “in the bowels of the land," to be reached, but of that vania; and which is the river with golden sands that we have no evidence. compasseth it about ?

Where then shall we look for gold in Pennsylvania? The question is seriously asked, and will be seriously The question is easier to ask than answer and yet may answered. As it will lead, however, to a description of be answered on strong grounds of analogy, and probamatters not immediately connected with the localities of bility, though for want of accurate geological investiour State, we must ask pardon for what may appear, at gation, no certainty can be attained. first, a digression, but whose connexion with the object If a line be drawn on the map of the United States, of those sketches will, in the end, he apparent. from New Echota, in the Cherokee country, in Geor

It is about forty-two years since gold was discovered gia, through the districts producing gold in Georgia, to exist in Cabarras county. North Carolina. Doctor South Carolina, North Carolini, and Virginia, and end. Thornton, lale Superintendent of the Patent Office at ing at Spartansburg in Spottsylvania county, 12 miles Washington, at a very early period of the discovery, from Frederickshurg, it will be found to lie very near. pointed out its importance, though he found few per- ly parallel to the course of the Blue Ridge, which we sons willing to adopt his opinions. It was at first ob- described in our last, and to preserve an almost equal tained in small quantities by washing the earth compo distance from that mountain-say from 25 to 35 miles, sing the beds of streams, or the alluvial soil on their Beyond, or Northwest of the Blue Ridge, no gold has banks. Up to 1821, the whole amount of gold procur. ever been found. Now, as that Ridge certainly extends ed in this way, had not been very large, and the gold through Maryland and Pennsylvania, as well as through district was supposed to include a very limited region. the states before named, and is understood to maintain Professor Olmstead, at that time considered it to be in. in its whole course, a distinct geographical and geolocluded within a circle of eighteen miles radius_or, in gical character, the inference is easily drawn that gold other words, within the four counties of Cabarras, must be sought for in Pennsylvania, below that Ridge. Montgomery, Mecklenburg, and Anson, in North Caro- Our inquiries, therefore, are limited at once by a line lina. No regular vain of gold ore had then been disco. which enters Pennsylvania on the boundary between vered; that produced from the beds of streams being Adams and Franklin counties, and follows thence the invariably virgin metal.

course of the Blue Ridge as described in our last, cross. Since 1821, vast additional light has been thrown on ing the Susquehanna near Middletown, the Schuylkill the subject. A regular formation containing gold in just below Reading, and the Delaware just below Eas the form of ore, in combination with other mineral sub- ton. Of the counties east of that line, Philadelphia and stances has been traced, a field of enterprise, and pro- Delaware, may certainly, for obvious reasons, be exclud&t has heen opened, whose influence upon the industry ed-thus leaving portions of eight counties, namely, and prosperity of the country promises to be very Adams and York, west of the Susquehanna, and Langreat. Instead of the narrow circle before referred to, caster, Chester, Berks, Bucks, Montgomery, and North. the gold formation is now known to exist in eleven ampton, east of that river, with reference to which our counties in North Carolina; to traverse the northern investigations are to be made. parts of South Carolina, and Georgia, and enter Alaba Another important landmark enables us to contract ma on the south-a distance of, probably, six hundred the question within narrower limits In an account of miles. Northward and eastward also, the same forma- the North Carolina gold region (the work as we believe tion has been traced into Virginia; and the richest maine of Professor Renwick) we find the following geograyet discovered is now worked in Spottsylvania county, phical facts: Rear Fredericksburgh, and within thirty miles of the “ In Randolph and Chatham counties, rises a group Potomac,

of mountains to a height estimated to be at least 1500 Those who have examined the locality, seem to feet above the sea. Between this group and the Blue agree, that from Alabama to the Rappahannock in Vir- Ridge extends a wide valley in which the Yadkin and VOL. XII.

9

Catawba with their tributaries flow The intervening tinent. Its great length is occasioned by the width of space between these ridges, is the North Carolina gold the Conestoga valley, at this point requiring a large district.”

proportion of land bridge. It is built upon the Town We have always believed that these mountains “in patent or Lattice plan, differing in this respect from the Randolpli and Chatham counties," are a continuation of other bridges upon the road, in which Burr's model bas the first Ridge which we described as the Mine Ridge, been pursued. The contractor was Amos Campbell, or Welsh Mountain of Pennsylvania, and which we re. of New Jersey, who constructed the present bridge at presented as extending a great distance to the south- the falls of Schuylkill, several on the Germantown west, and consequently that the “wide valley” between Rail Road; and who is engaged to build all the imporit and the Blue Ridge, is but an extension of the same tant bridges on the Philadelphia and Trenton Rail range of country, which we have clearly described as Road. The Pennsylvania Rail Road crosses the Conesthe Lancaster, or Pequea Valley. If these conjectures toga about half a mile above the turnpike bridge, which are right, no difficulty remains in determining the posi- latter is a substantial stone structure of some four or tion of the gold range, as it passes through Pennsylva. five arches. It was erected about the year 1789, by nia. We have in all human probability crossed it in our Abraham Witmer, a patriarch of the numerous and rejourney from Cartersville to Paradise.

spectable tribe of that name. By an act of the Legis'The discovery of gold, 12 miles above Fredericks. lature, passed in 1787, this intelligent and enterprising burg, in Virginia, tends greatly to strengthen this hy- German obtained authority to construct the bridge, pothesis. Another fact of great importance, is, that and to charge a reasonable toll. It continued to be his several years ago, Mr. H. Hayden, of Baltimore, a very private property until five or six years ago, when it was skilful geologist, and who by the way, has written a purchased by the county of Lancaster, and made free very valuable book on Geology, on lois return from ex- to all comers and goers. The preamble of the law reamining the mines of North Carolina, predicted that ferred to is curious and interesting, on account of the gold would be found in Faquier county, Virginia—the contrast which it exhibits between the resources and metal has since been found there in small quantities. enterprise of the Commonwealth at that time, and at the

Reflecting on those general views, and a multitude present. A safe crossing of the Conestoga was then of particular facts, which our limits do not permit us to essential to the whole communication between Philadeladvert to, we entertain a belief that the south-eastern phia and the interior-it was often impassable for many section of Adam's county, and the south western por days together-and yet the state of Pennsylvania bad tion of York, are the districts of Pennsylvania most not the means to construct a bridge which a single counlikely to contain the precious deposit—that the same ty now would readily undertake. formation, if it passed through the state must cross the The public spirited enterprise of a Pennsylvania far. Susquehanna below Columbia, the Schuylkill between mer supplied the deficiency, and entitled him to honor. Pottsville and Reading, andthe Delaware between Eas- able mention in every history of internal improvement ton and Durham. It is in the more elevated, and hilly in this state. His was the second bridge constructed portions of the range of country thus indicated, above under State authority, probably the second of any magthe limestone formation, that we should expect to find nitude in the state. The first was built in 1787, under the mineral in question.

a similar grant from the Legislature over Nashamony There is a marked geological feature by which the creek on the Bristol road, by Charles Bessonett and rock containing gold may easily be known. It is a Gershom Johnson, "proprietors of the stages from quartz like substance, of dullish white, occurring in a Philadelphia to Trention on the New York road.” The region whose general formation is a red friable rock, Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike Company--the having, at first glance, the appearance of decayed sand first in the state, or country, was not chartered until stone, but which on examination, is found to derive its 1792, five years after the grant to Abraham Witmer. colour from the presence of iron. This quartz occurs What a host of reflections spring from the recollecin distinct veins, penetrating the red mass, or in detached tion of these simple facts. Only forty five years ago, modules, having no apparent connexion with it. From the two great communications from Philadelphia, one the masses of quartz the gold is obtained.

leading to New York, and the other to our interior, In the remarks which we have thus ventured upon, were rendered precarious by the want of bridges over (a topic of great public interest) we may beentirely in. such streams as the Conestoga and the Neshamony. In accurate-having no knowledge of geology as a science, that short period what changes have enterprise and inwe have been compelled to rely upon topographical dustry, the genuine growth of free institutions, pro. analogy as the basis of our opinions. If we shall suc- duced? More than forty millions of dollars have been ceed in drawing attention to the subject, our end will expended in the construction of roads, bridges and cabe accomplished

nals. We cannot close this number, however, without ex The Rail Road, after crossing the Conestoga, passes pressing our regret that no accurate Geological survey through the beautiful farm of the late Mr. Coleman, and of Pennsylvania has ever been made. A project of enters the corporate limits of the city of Lancaster, on that kind has engaged the attention of the Legislature. its northern edge. The elevation of the ground on We hope to see a bill passed, at no distant day, author which the city is chiefly built, induced the Engineer, izing it. For several years our fellow citizen, Peter A. (Major Wilson) on the first location, to carry his line Browne, has zealously urged it before the Legislature, around half a mile north of the principal street, alonga but without success. We trust the reward of his pub- small valley sloping to the Conestoga. He considered lic spirited labours will not be much longer delayed. that the city would be as well accommodated by a short Such a survey would solve all doubts, and elicit truths branch of inconsiderable expense, and which would not of immense practical importance to the prosperity of interfere with his choice of ground for the main line. the Commonwealth.

After the routes chosen by him had been graded, the

people of Lancaster, induced the Legislature to carry No 6.

a line nearer the main street, involving a beavy deep

cut, and an additional expenditure of one hundred thou. From Paradise, where our last sketch was made, we sand dollars. It is doubtful whether they will derive resume our journey on the Pennsylvania Rail Road, and advantage from the change. In the deep cutting, in about nine miles enter the city of Lancaster. In this which occurs nearly all the distance through the city, distance we cross Mill creek by’a viaduct 550 feet long no useful communication can be had with the road, and and 40 feet high, and Conestoga creek by a viaduct it must prove inconvenient in many other respects. If 1,412 feet long, and 60 feet high. The latter is among they are satisfied, however, far be it from us to com. the noblest structures in the state perhaps on the Con- plain.

1833.]

SKETCHES OF PENNSYLVANIA.

67

Lancaster is one of the three towns in Pennsylvania Lancaster suffers, (in the estimation of strangers, at upon which the Legislature bave conferred the dignifi- least,) for want of good water. . That in common use, ed title of city. Of these it is third in magnitude-its derived from wells, is so strongly impregnated with lime, population in 1830 being 7,700. It has a Mayor, Re- as to be disagreeable to the taste, and unfit for many corder, Alderman and Common Council, with a charter domestic purposes. We would recommend this subject modeled after that of Philadelphia. The streets are laid to the serious attention of the friends of Temperance in out with reasonable regularity, are of convenient width, that city. When they urge water as the best beverage, and the principal ones are well paved. A style of they should be prepared to supply it of good and hold building prevails there, not the most picturesque, and some quality. For our part, we never drink the article as we should imagine neither economical nor convenient. in Lancaster, except in the form of tea or coffee, and About two thirds of the houses have but a single very even these are rendered unpalatable by the properties low story-with heavy eaves, and highly sloped roofs

, of the water. We do not know whether any plan of affording the leat possible accommodation in proportion supplying the city with pure water is practicable. if it to the ground occupied, and to the expenditure for be so, we would hold up the example of Easton, Read. roofing-always an important item. We wish those ing, and Columbia, all situated in Lancaster, on a limewho build hereafter would reform this fashion altogether. stone rock, and yet all supplied with excellent water As an additional motive for so doing we would mention from the surrounding hills. the opinion of many eminent physicians, that Cholera is From Lancaster we proceed westward on the Rail most apt to seize those who sleep on ground floors. If Road through the great limestone range which we this theory be true, Lancaster may lay her account for have heretofore described, and through farms of the best a severe visitation, should the pestilence enter her bor. quality, to its termination at Columbia on the Susque. ders.

hanna, a distance of twelve miles. One mile beyond Lancaster contains, nevertheless, many excellent Lancaster we cross the turnpike leading to Harrisburgh, houses, much good society, and a large share of wealth, the gteat mail route from Philadelphia to Pittsburg: and of productive industry. It owes its prosperity and Two miles further we cross the Little Conestoga by a importance, mainly, to the fertile and admirably culti- viaduct eight 804 feet long, and 47 feet high. At the vated country which surrounds it—a district surpassed upper end of the borough of Columbia the Rail Road by none on the Continent, for capacity to furnish what descends to the level of the Susquehanna by an inclin. man requires for comfort and convenience. Several ed plane 1720 feet long, with a perpendicular height of branches of manufactures and mechanic arts, are ex. 90 feet. From the foot of the plane it is conducted imtensively followed here—especially the making of stage mediately on the bank of the river along the whole front coaches, and of the peculiar vehicles (hence called, of the town, to the Basin at the upper extremity, which Conestoga wagons,) and harness used on the great turn- terminates the Pennsylvania Canal. Near the same pikes, which lead to the west and north. It is not long spot is a noble bridge across the Susquehannah, a mile since a post-coach built in Lancaster, took a premium in length. This coming together of three such works, over many competitors in New York and New Jersey, promises to make Columbia a most important position.

Lancaster was the seat of Government of the state We shall take occasion to notice it more particularly from 1799 to 1812, when Harrisburg succeeded to that hereafter. dignity. The Legislature sat in the present Court The present sketch must close with a brief retrospect House, situated in the middle of the main street, accord of the magnificent improvement over what we have ing to a practice formerly in voguc, and which is only passed. defendable on the ground that it enables the Judges to The whole length of the Pennsylvania Rail Road, refresh themselves by occasional peeps through the from the corner of Vine and Broad streets to the Basin window, at the passing world, when the lawyers grow at Columbia, is eighty.one and six-tenth miles. It has tedious, or the evidence is unentertainingIt has cer

no rise or fall, in this distance, exceeding thirty feet in tainly great inconveniences, especially if the street be the mile, except at the Schuylkill and Susquehanna, paved with pebbles, and travelled by Conestoga wa- where stationary engines will be placed. About thirty gons. In such a Court House many a poor fellow may miles of the road lie in the county of Lancaster; thirtyhave been tried, and condemned by a tribunal, who seven in Chester; five in Delaware; five and a half in heard but little of what the witnesses testified.

Montgomery; and four in Philadelphia. For the information nf those who are curious in wine, As a link in the great chain of connexion between we would remark, that they may always procure the ar. Philadelphia and the West, it cannot fail to accommotícle of excellent quality at the principal hotels in Lan- date a large and valuable trade. It has other sources of caster. Let them only inquire for "Reigart's particu- revenue, to which we would call attention. Fifty miles lar," and they will surely be satisfied, however fasti- of its course is through, or in the vicinity of limestone dious their taste; or if it would amuse them to know all land in the highest state of cultivation, abounding with the particulars of St. Clair's defeat, let them seek out water power, mills and factories. The surplus products Captain Slough, who once kept the tavern at the cor of this agriculture, and the fabrics of these mills and her of the Court House Square, and who played a con- factories, must pass to Philadelphia by the Rail Road. spicuous part on that disastrous occasion.

Throughout these fifty miles lime is burnt in immense At Lancaster is the head of the Conestoga navigation, quantities for agricultural purposes, and for building. an improvement of that stream by locks and dams, Wood is already so scarce, that coal brought by the Rail down to its junction with the Susquehanna, a distance Road from the Susquehanna and the Schuylkill, must of about fourteen miles. Its cost was about eighty take its place in the preparation of lime-thus opening thousand dollars, principally subscribed in Lancaster at once a source of revenue to the state, and a market for county, but it has not realized the expectation of the the refuse, or small coal, that would otherwise accumu. proprietors. The locks (constructed entirely of timber) late on the wharves at Philadelphia and Columbia. have proved too fecble to resist the pressure of water The population between Philadelphia and Columbia upon them, and there is not trade to justify the expense accommodated by the Rail Road, may be estimated of rebuilding, or repairing. The project, in truth, was fairly at 75,000, that will receive by it all their supplies not founded in a wise calculation of the course of trade, of goods and fuel, and transmit by the same route all and perhaps would not have been attempted, but for a their articles to market. ccrtain feeling of preference for Baltimore over Phila The transportation of passengers, may also, with ju. delphia, which once prevailed in Lancaster, and which dicious management be made very profitable to the we hope to see removed by a more free communication State. In the winter season every body going from the with Philadelphia, and a frank interchange of kind offi- North to Washington must take this route, as it will ces

soon afford a continued Rail Road from Philadelphia to

Baltimore, except nine miles between Columbia and ance, and not unfrequently inspected its progress-this York. The distance (one bundred and forty miles) | institution commenced its operations. may be easily travelled in fourteen bours. Already the For the first few years the expenditures seemed dispronumber of such travellers is great, and they will in. portioned to its usefulness, in consequence of the scar. crease in a twofold ratio, as soon as a safe conveyance city of the precious metals; and the policy of such an is afforded. It may be expected too, that in the sum- establishment was frequently questioned. Public opi. mer many strangers who have taste enough to admire a vion, however, steadily sustained it under the most dis finely cultivated and picturesque country, will prefer couraging aspects, this mode to the monotony of the steamboats. To this National in its character and objects, the Mint is supadd all the travelling to Lancaster, Harrisburg and the ported from the funds of the public Treasury, for the west, which now fills some half dozen large stages dai- general welfare, where depositors of gold or silver ly, with its regular and necessary increasc, and we hare bullion receive, without expense, an equal weight of an item of revenue that will go far to remunerate the gold or silver coins. The coinage of both these metals state for its enterprize and expenditure.

having invariably been free from charge. Our limits do not permit us to go much into detail on From the commencement of the operations of the these subjects. Our object is rather to awaken curiosi- Mint, to the end of the year 1800, the average annual ty, and excite others to reflect-than to enter ourselves amount of coinage may be stated at about $362,000,and into minute investigations.

for the next ten years ending with 1810 at $697,000. Before leaving the Pennsylvania Rail Road, we can

From 1810 to 1820 the annual amount was $1,166,000, not but remark, that the legislature or Canal Commis- and from that period to 1830 it was $1,850,000. The sioners, have now on their hands a most delicate and total amount coined at the Mint, from 1793 to the close important task, of regulating and reducing to system the of 1830, has been $37,000,000. transportation upon it. Upon a judicious course in this

The increase of the supply of bullion being progres particular, the value of ihe road, both as a source of re. sive, the accommodations of the Mint were from time venue, and a means of public accommodation must to time enlarged, but under the expanding operations greatly depend. The report of the Committee to which of the Bank of the United States, it became apparent during the late session of the Legislature, this subject they were totally insufficient for the increased demand was referred, fully met our views, and the plan suggest for coinage. The amount of bullion deposited by the ed by the distinguished Engineer, Moncure Rubinson, Bank of the United States alone, in 1827, exceeded the seems to us not merely the best, but the only one that supply received from all other sources during any precan succeed.

vious year. It was found to be indispensably necessary to address Congress upon the subject of providing a

more extended establishment; and on the 2d of March, FRANKLIN, Pa. May 25. 1829, a resolution was passed making a liberal provision It is highly gratifying to witness the rapid progress for the erection of a suitable building for this purpose. of improvement in this

county, independent of the pub In accordance with this provision, a lot was purchased, fic works going on under the authority of the Common. extending from Chesnut street to Penn Square, on the wealth, on the French creek division of the Pennsylva west side of Juniper street, containing 150 feet front on nia Canal. Among these improvements we would men Chesnut street by 204 feet on Juniper street, and on the tion the erection of three new furnaces this summer 4th of July 1829, the corner stone of the Mint of the Shippen & Black's, and Hamilton & Hume's, both on United States, was laid with appropriate ceremonies. the waters of Clarion, in the neighborhood of shippens. The building is of white marble, erected from designs ville, are about going into blast, and have every pros- furnished by Wiliam Strickland.' It fronts on Chesnut pect of doing a good business-and Cross & Jewell's, street, Penn Square, and Juniper street, and is 123 feet on East Sandy creek, about six miles east of this place, front, by 139 feet deep, exclusive of two porticoes each is calculated to go into blast in about two weeks. New 27 feet, making the wbole depth 193 feet. The porfarms are opening in every part of the county, and nu. ticoes are each 60 feet front, supported by 6 columns, merous new and valuable settlers are coming among us of the lonic order, 3 feet in diameter, Auted, and bound every day. The crops, so far, promise fair to be luxu. at the neck of the capital with an olive wreath. The riant, more so than in any former year, and there is eve- entablature of the porticos extends entirely round the ry indication of a great abundance of all kinds of fruit, front and Aanks of the building, supported by ante at both wild and domestic.

the corners, and surmounted at the extremes of the

flanks, by four pediments. From the Commercial Herald.

The building consists of a basement, principal and at

tic stories. The officer's rooms, vaults, &c. are on the MINT OF THE UNITED STATES.

Chesnut street front, and part of the western flank, and Through the kindness of the intelligent director of the are arched and rendered completely fire-proof. The mint, we are enabled to lay be fore our readers the fol. roof is of copper. In the centre of the interior, there is lowing account of the establishment, and progress of a court 55 by 84 feet, for the purpose of affording addithis truly National Institution.

tional light, to the various apartments, and a more ready On the 21st of February, 1782, a resolution was access to each story, by means of piazzas. adopted by Congress for establishing a mint. No mea. The entrance from the south portico, is into a circular sures, however, were taken for carrying this resolve vestibule, communicating with the apartments of the into execution. On the 16th of October, 1786, an or. Director and Treasurer, and by arched passages, with dinance was passed by that body, but was never carried those of the Chief Coiner, Melter, and Refiner, and with into effect. In 1792, the mint of the United States was the rooms for receiving bullion and delivering coins. established at Philadelphia, by an act of Congress, pass- These passages communicate with the attic story, by ed on the 2d of April, and before the close of the year, means of marble stairways, where the apartments of the a few specimens of coin, of the denomination of half Assayers and Engravers are situated. Rooms are appro dismes, were issued. Early in 1793, a dwelling house, priated for the apartments of the Chief Coiner, Melter, situated on the east side of Seventh street, between High and Refiner. The important process of assaying is carand Mulberry streets, was purchased, and a dwelling in ried on in rooms 50 feet by 20; those of the Melter and its rear erected, in which the operations of the establish. Refiner occupy a range extending 95 by 35 feet. The. ment were carried on.

principal melting room is 37 by 33 feet; and the process In this humble and unpretending manner, under the of gold and silver parting is carried on in a room 53 feet Presidency of Washington who appreciated its import- by 32.

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