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the offender to prison,) or where he judges of the of- tion, Composition, and Declamation—to which is to be fence subject to an appeal to a higher tribunal, as in added Philosophical, Critical, and Classical Illustrations cases of vagrancy. He there commits for a specific of the English language, and literature. It is intended time not exceeding one month; and if the parties con- that this shall be a prominent and efficient department. ceive themselves aggrieved, their only legal remedy is 6th. Modern Languages-French, German, Spa. an appeal to the next Court of Quarter Sessions nish, and Italian. The studies of this department will

The duty of a Justice of the Peace, when the accus. be optional to the student or his parents-it is intended ed person is brought before him, is stated with entire to meet the demands of the age, and enable the iristiclearness by Lord IIale. (Vol. 1. p. 583.) "Lastly, wha! tution to offer every facility to a complete education. is to be done after the warrant served, and when the 7th, Law Professorship-This department is to be person accused is brought before the justice thereupon? under the entire control of the Hon. Judge Reed, and

"If there be no cause to commit him found by the it is expected to open the ensuing spring. There will be justice on examination of the fact, he may discharge a class proper, intended for the practice of the law. him.

Judge Reed will deliver a regular course of lectures “If the case be bailable, he may bail him.

on the general principles of law, and on international "If he have no bail, or the case appears not to be law; and on constitutions of governments, particularly bailable, he must commit him.

“And being either bailed or committed, he is not to The students in college, at proper stages in their be discharged till he be convicted or acquitted, or de studies, will attend these important lectures. livered by proclamation."

It should be generally understood by the public, that In the case of a commitment for trial, (as well as that the College proper is not to be re-organized until the for vagrancy,) it thus appears that the duty of the Ma. sum of $45,000 is secured, as an endowment for the gistrate is ended when he has committed the person to professorships. The College will then be opened with gaol. He has nothing more to do with him. If he has an efficient faculty. The principal and two of the proerred in a commitment for trial, the error may be cor- fessors have already been elected, Rev. John P. Dur. rected by a judge on habeas corpus, and the prisoner bin, Principal, Dr. Harrison, Professor of Languages, may be discharged or bailed. If he has erred in the sen- and Col. Sudler, Professor of Mathematics. The other tence of a vagrant, it may be corrected by the Court of professors will be appointed, and take their places as Quarter Sessions. But in neither case can the exami. soon as the classes require it, or the funds warrant the nation be made over again by the Magistrate himself. appointments. He has a right to settle cases of assault and battery, The trustees, friends, and patrons of this new entereven after a binding over to appear at Court. But this prise, in behalf of Dickinson College, are deeply sensiis by a special act of Assembly. A similar power being ble or two things. First that the college course should withheld as to all other offences, it is not to be gather be elevated and extensive, in order to meet the improv. ed by implication, and it cannot be asserted without an ing condition of the country; they have therefore indiusurpation on the part of the Magistrate of authority cated the course of stady which they propose to estawhich is wisely, and to the fullest extent, lodged else blish. Second. But they are also satisfied of the impos. where.

sibility of carrying out this plan, without extensive and A departure from any of the principles which have permanent funds. The plan of studies is developed for here been stated, is an illegal act, and if injury be the the satisfaction of the public; they now look to the consequence, it is within the reach of redress. If the liberality of the community to enable them to carry this wrong he an individual one, an action for damages may noble plan into execution, which they earnestly desire be sustained. If it be of a public character, the Magis- to do next spring. They have hopes of succeeding as trate may be indicted, or impeached before the Senate, a good subscription bas already been obtained by the or removed on the address of both houses of the I.egis. Rev.S. G Roszel, (agent of the Baltimore conference,) lature. It is scarcely to be supposed, however, that chiefly in the region of country around Carlisle; this errors would be persevered in, if they were clearly and has been raised within a short time to about $10,000, authoritatively pointed out. If the presiding Judge of notwithstanding the indisposition of the agent. Nothe Court of Quarter Sessions, and the Recorder of the thing, we are persuaded, is wanting, but the immediate city, would make these principles the topics of occa co-operation of the friends of the institution. sional remark in their charges to the Grand Jury, there As preparatory to this great result, the Trustees have can be no doubt the evils could be prevented from directed the buildings and grounds to be improved and arising, or if already practised, they could be correct. put in thorough repair immediately. ed.

J. R. INGERSOLL. The preparatory or grammar school is now in suc

GEO. M. WHARTON. cessful operation, on the following plan. It is expected September 9, 1833.

that the pupils for admission into this department, shall have a good moral character, and that they be able to

spell and read the English language correctly and intel. DICKINSON'S COLLEGE.

ligibly, and understand the first principles of Arithme

tic and English Grammar. When admitted, they shall At a late meeting of the Board of Trustees of Dick- be taught the Latin Grammar; Adams's, by Gould; inson College, it was resolved, 'That the following plan Walker's Latin Reader; Jacobs's Latin Reader; Cæbe adopted in the College proper. It is deemed expe sar's Commentaries; Virgil; Mair's Introduction to the dient that there be 'seven Professorships.

speaking of Latin; Cicero's Orations against Catiline, 1st. Embraces Intellectual and Moral Philosophy- the Greek Grammar; Fisk's or Goolrich's Greek Read. Evidences of Natural and Revealed Religion and Politi- er, and the New Testament; the elements of plain and cal Economy.

solid Geometry; the higher branches of Arithmetic, 2d. Exact Sciences, -Embracing all the branches and Algebra to the end of the Quadratures; Ancient and of pure Mathematics, including Astronomy, and such Modern Geography; Writing; English Composition, &c. subjects in Natural Philosophy, as depend directly upon The present teacher, (Mr. Dobb,) is well qualified for these.

the situation he now occupies. 3d. Natural Sciences, - Comprehending Natural Phi. It is intended that the principal, in this department, losophy, Chemistry, Mineralogy, Meteorology, Ge. shall be an accomplished scholar and teacher, so as to ology, Botany, Animals and Vegetable Physiology. make it an elevated and efficient academy,

4th. Ancient Languages. The Latin and Greek By order of the Board. - Roman and Grecian Antiquities. 5th. Belles Letters-Embracing Rhetoric, Elociu. Printed by Wm. F. Geddles, No. 9, Library street.

HAZARD'S

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO TRE PRESERVATION OP EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOL. XIII.-NO, 22. PHILADELPHIA, NOVEMBER 30, 1833. NO. 308

SCOTT'S ADDRESS BEFORE THE LAW ACA. I becomes itself the victim of the satirist's scourge, a DEMY OF PHILADELPHIA,

mark of obloquy and scorn.

Gentlemen-there are attributes almost of holiness An Address delivered to the Law Academy of Phila. belonging to this profession. Men repose upon you with

delphia, at the opening of the session, in September, unwavering confidence-they stake their fortunes upon 183), by John M. Scott, one of the Vice-Provosts of your counsel—they entrust to you, their estates and the Academy.

those of their descendants—they put their fame into

your keeping, the precious treasure of their reputation Gentlemen of the Law Academy: It is your request that the exercises of the session mestic secrets they open to you the inmost recesses

--they submit to you their private griefs,- their do. may be opened" by an address from the Chair. The of their bosoms, and with a sincerity suited to the conpaternal character of the intercourse between the memfessional itself, admit you to a knowledge of all that bers of this institution and the officers who are selected passes within that region of storm and passion, of weak. to preside over its discussions, makes a compliance with ness and of folly, of Blighted hope, of wild ambitionyour wish a source of pleasure to him on whom the duty the heart of man. All

this they do, and ask for your devolves. Your own pursuit and intended career in aid, your counsel, your sympathy, for your discriminalife, shall form his theme.

tion between right and wrong, for your guidance of The object of each member of this academy is to su- their bewildcred course. They throw themselves unperadd to its honors those of the Bar: to assume when reservedly upon you, and take the colour of their future he lays down the mantle of the academy, the forensic fate from your hands. It is a splendid confidence which gown; to attain membership-to be received as a bro- is reposed—a profound responsibility that is thus creato ther of the Bar of Pennsylvania--of the Bar of the Uni. ed. The advice given may preserve integrity of cha. ted States to obtain the patent which shall authorise racter- domestic peace-moral worth--or make utter him to proclaim himself the asserter of their rights, shipwreck of them all. the avenger of their wrongs--the protector of their These influences and these responsibilities pertainto estates—the defender of their fame, to tlie free citizens almost every member of the profession, however humof the freest nation upon earth-a patent far surpassing ble the sphere of his action-however modest his prein real nobility, those, of which the emblems are rib- tensions. There are, moreoever, towering pinnacles bands and tinsel, the origin, the breath of princes, - reached by few-elevated platforms for chosen spirists the cause, too often, subserviency to their will

. The — alpine heights, perilous of ascent, rich in reward. It hope of you all, the destiny of sone, is, to attain the can happen but to few, to be called to the defence of highest excellence in this noble pursuit-to reach a royal female-to stand like the talented Brougham,

between the rejected consort of a king, and the anger "The sleep where fame's proud temple shines afar.”

of the throne, and the vituperations of a powerful arisIt is an animating hope, a brilliant destiny-worthy of tocracy- to assert with fearless independence the cause the young, the ardent, the aspiring spirits, whom I ad of the prostrate princess upon an arena, surrounded by dress. The portal; of this temple, Gentlemen, are open the nations of the civilized world as spectators of the to all; in this land of equal institutions, to all, who have contest. To you, this can never happen. You have courage to dare,and perseverance to accomplish the as to be grateful that your lot is cast in a land, where cent. There is here no heredit ry right to excellence- kings and queens and powerful aristocracies are known no exclusive ancestral claim to honors. Eacli individual but as the pageants of history-as shadows which once may and must be the architect of his own fortunes. Be overcast the land, bat have been long since dispersed not however deceived: do not suppose the path you are by the light of freedom. But your own country at this to travel is strewed with flowers, and redolent of sweets moment furnishes the spectacle, far more impressive, -it is roughi, precipitous, arduous: and when surmount. of a nation-a whole people-humble it is true-but ed, its termination beholds the votary not effeminated still a whole people-a part of the original lords and by case, but braced by toil, and hardened into vigorous native proprietors of the soil-primitive occupants of manhood.

its magnificent forests—the first navigators of its bold Reflect a moment upon the dignity and character of streams-of a whole people maintaining their right 10 this profession: upon the duties it imposes towards so the homes of their ancestors, to their dwelling places cietv--upon the stations it may call upon you to occur in the wilderness, against a young and powerful and py, and you can then better estimate the nature and vigorous race, which has sprung up amidst and around degree of preparation requisite to the attainment of them, and choked the springs of their prosperity-and

calling to their aid, and selecting as the champion of Your profession-for yours, and that of each of you, their rights and the arbiter of their destinies, a member I trust it will be-yields in the respectability it confers, of your elevated profession. This too is an event which and in its influence upon society, to none but the minis is not of probable recurrence. But what other questry of the altar. Pursued by an upright and honorable tions of as great interest may occur in this republic, it mind, it frowns upon crime-it spurns at baseness--it is impossible to foretell. Our situation is peculiar, and abhors fraud-it advocates pure morality-it upholds is daily creating subjects of contest which agitate the truth-it illustrates virtue. In the grasp of air unwor. nation, and exercise the talents of the profession in our thy intellect or a depraved heart, it becomes the instru legislative halls, or in the national judidical forum. ment of oppression-the pander of vice-the patron questions which involve the stability of our government and partaker of crime: and while it preys upon others, the ultimate destinies of this people. How they may

Vol. XII...

success.

multiply as these united sovereignties shall multiply, as ples of unblemished purity, a powerful aid in supportthis vast continent shall double and redouble its popu- ing the rank to which it is entitled in the public es lation, and this nation shall extend wider and wider the teem. limits of civilization, no eye less than prophetic can But, what is to be the preparation, what the disci. foresee. You may be called upon to bear a part in th se pline, what the training, which is to fit the youthful spidiscussions-prepare for the task: if you attain the abi- rit for the career wbich has been referred to! Be as lity, there is litile doubt the occasion will arise to call sured the task you have assumed is not easy; the labor your powers into action. Here the knowledge and ac- is not light. It demands from you unceasing industry, quirements of the statesman are as much a part of your untiring vigilanet: not only during your period of proprofession, as is an acquaintance with the rules of pro- bation, but after you shall have been admitted within perty. It is not intended by this remark to arrogate an the pale. The foundations of success should be laid in exclusive claim-a claim which would be false in princi. early life in a liberal education: and though there may ple, and repelled by historic truth, but simply to inti-1 be in your ranks, honored members, worthy of all mote that among your body the country has a right to praise, who have rrot possessed this advantage, it is look for a portion of those who are to guide her coun. I pressed without hesitation, because the deficiency may sels, and controul her destinies.

still be supplied by their own exertions. There is cer. There are bowever stations in this government which tainly no part of these United States in which access is should be occupied by you alone: stations of great mag- more easy to all the means of education, than in this nitude and infinite responsibility—the judgment seats city. Accomplished professors abound in every branch of the land. You may be called upon to fill the posts -public lectures are delivered in every science-libra. which have been illustrated by the talents of a Marshall ries are offered to the studious, adapted to all tastes

- Tilghnan-a Washington; to sit in judgment upon / admirable collections of philosophical and mathematical property and upon life—to decide those great constitu. I apparatus exist-museums in every department of me tional questions which are still to be elicited from the tural science are established refined society may be jarring elements of our confederacy, and by your deci- enjoyed of every European tongue; and for the intersions to allay or exacerbate intestine tumult. You ought vals of recreation and of leisure, abundant enjoyments to anticipate such a destiny as is natural and probable; are provided, intellectual in their character and promo and should be prepared to discharge the duties it in- tive of good taste. All these accessaries to the main volves with ability, with fidelity and with honor. And design are attainable at a moderate expense: and, using if, Gentlemen, you are to occupy these stations, how them well, what may not a fresh and vigorous intellect accurate and profound should be your legal acquire accomplish in that green and bright and glorious period ments—how calm and subdued your passions--how of existence which precedes the full maturity of panpatient and investigating your habits-how stern and hood. incorruptible your integrity-how urbane and conciliat It has been the fashion of late years to decry classical ing your deportment! All these, and more than these learning, and a knowledge of the ancient languages, as qualities are indispensable to the character of a Judge unnecessary in a country like ours, where active exer who is worthy of the ermine: and it cannot be doubted tion and laborious effort are the lot of all-where forests that high as is now the standard of excellence which an are to be subdued, wildernesses to be cultivated, comoccupant of the bench is required to attain, it will be munities to be created, nations to be formed; where come with the progress of time more and more elevated every thing is energetic, and where amid the general and the rewards for judicial services be so farincreas bustle and universal commotion of the scene, there is ed, as to render these seats worthy the aim of honorable no resting place for the literary idler, ambitim, and their acceptance consistent with a pro. per regard to individual prosperity.

“patulæ recubans sub tegmine fugi." Gentlemen--whether your future career shall be that This has been the fashion, and it has been ably and suc. of the advocate, the statesman, or the Judge, you owe cessfully denounced by scholars of whom this city has it to your profession to signalize that career, if not by reason to be proud. The argument will not be resum the exhibition of brilliant talents, at least by undeviating ed here. But as connected with your profession, bė

uprightness of conduct, and strict abstinence from eve. assured, Gentlemen, that an accurate acquaintance with ry: thing which can engender reproach. "Conspicuous the dead languages will be prized by those who possess to public view, the condact of a professional man is it as immediately subsidiary to professional success, and peculjarly exposed to public criticism and his errors an entire deficiency will be deplored as an inconvenient obnoxious to public censure. Jealousy of supposed obstacle, and be felt as a source of pain. That the finpre-eminence, quickens perception of his faults, and est specimens of eloquence are to be found in those alds bitterness to reproach. The follies or crimes of langu: ges is not denied that the Latin is the original the individual are seized upon with eagerness as cha. language of our science, and still embodies many of its racteristic of his class, and made to reflect disgrace upon apothegins, and retains possession of its technical terms all who are embarked in the same pursuit. Our pro- is equally true: and derivatives both from it and the fession has suffered deeply from the

unworthiness of in- Greek are so interwoven with our own tongue, that it dividuals who have worn its garb without adopting its may be safely affirmed, that tongue cannot be as thos principles.

roughly understood, its beauties as fully appreciated, Hoc fonte derivata clades,

its shades and distinctions as thoroughly comprehended

as they should be by a public speaker, without a knowIn the drama, and in the productions of the novelist it ledge of these, the sources, from which it has drawn so has long stood forth in most unenviable relief; and in largely. Let those therefore who possess these advanthe affections of men it is to be feared its rank is not tages, be studicus to retain them by frequent recurrence high. In this state, we know, it has at times been the to their collegiate pursuits and where the acquisition target of obloquy and the victim of injustice. He, of is still to be made, let it be attempted with zeal and asour body, who commits a wrong, is responsible not only siduity, and the attempt will not be unavailing: in the injured individual, but is morally amenable to To refer except in very general terms to the course all his brethren. His conduct obscures the medium of your legal studies, would be an improper intrusion through which theirs is viewed - and presents them in upon the duties, faithfully and ably discharged, of the distorted shapes and unnatural colors to the public gaze. gentlemen of the profession, whose aid you have indiFrom you, genilemen, and from each of you, the providually invoked. "I may however be permitted to refession anticipates an increase of respectability, and an mark, without being obnoxious to the charge of indeliadditional portion of general regard. It hopes from cacy, that in Pennsylvania, and I believe in all the you, reared amidst a bar which presents many exam- states of our Union, a member of the bar is presumed

1833.)

SCOTT'S ADDRESS "BEFORE THE LAW ACADEMY.

339

to be competent to every branch of the profession. His Saracen, meet in conflict for the Holy Land-trace studies must radiate into all its departments. It is our the early glories of Venice and Genoa, and mourn for : peculiar privilege to be at liberty to avail ourselves of their decline-shudder at the religious wars of France, whatever is excellent wheresoever it may be found. We and weep with her suffering protestants lament for are gradually constructing a system for ourselves-adapt the fate of the Scottish Queen, and be indignant with ed to our own country-to our own frame of civil polity her hard and sterile rival-pursue the wanderings of -suited to our own wants and to our state of society: the Russian Czar from the workshop of the English we are therefore at liberty to adopt, and we do from artizan, to the foundation of his mighty Northern Capi. time to time adopt salutary principles from all codes tal-start on his meteor course with the artillerist of To an American student therefore all codes and all sys- | Toulon, and follow him an emperor, and the world's tems are objects of study, as fountains of light and wonder, to his humble grave on the rock of St. Helena sources of argument. His daily practice demands from -turn to airy page of historic truth, and you will find him a knowledge of common law and equity-of eccle. more to captivate your fancy, and interest your heart, siastical and maritime law-of commercial law and the than all the ingenuity of fiction can supply. law of nations as the statutes of his own country local Pay your devotions 100, at the shrine of the muses. and national, and of those of the people from whom our Enrich your fancy and improve your taste by famil arity. origin is derived. This field would seem to be in it with the standard poets of at least your own langilage self wide enough for the researches of the most enamors with that ancient race whose rich'imagery and musical ed explorer of legal scierrce. But your task is still numbers form the attractive dress of manly sense, of greater. You are to superadd to the skill of the con- natural feeling, of pure ethics, of legitimate satire-, veyancer and the acuteness of the pleader, and the with Milton and with Young-with Pope-with Gold. adsocate. You are to discuss all topicondicionange through socorrupt not your hearts, with the effeminacies of all sciences—to speak familiarly of all arts-to address Moore, and licentious impurities of Byron. Let your all classes of men,to rouse and to allay all passions-intellectual exercises like those of the body be whole.' to excite hope-to create fear-to touch all the springs, some and vigorous, such as to fit you to become a blesof the human heart, and make them subservient to sing instead of a curse to that circle of which in the proyour designs. All this falls within the scope of your gress of time you are to become the centre. Learn profession. Hence there is no species of information, therefore to contemn as unmanly the morbid sentiments, the acquisition of which can be deemed unimportant and to reject as nauseous the libidinous painting of the, -no art, no trade, no science to be considered foreign titled poet. to your pursuit. From every source which may be But beware, gentlemen, that the muse does not seopen to you, learn all you can; from the formation of duce you from your severer studies. : Pass with her, the pin which contributes to the adornment of a lady's only your moments of recreation. In her close em. person, to the management of the mighty power which brace there may be lurking danger: and beautiful and the genus of our Fulton has taught to "annihilate space lovely as she is, you may rise from too much dalliance and time”-from the habits of the household fly to with shorn locks and enfeebled strength. Your busi-, those of the splend d bird which wings its Aight against ness is with men, and lies among the realities of life. In the sun - from the modest violet, which with its droop. all your excursions into the flowery paths and verdant, ing head and early perfume solicits the admiration of avenues which may tempt your feet from the onward. childhood's innocence, to the never dying oak, which road to eminence, keep your eye fixed upon that road, under the plastic hand of the builder is converted into and the means of instant return within your grasp... qur nation's bulwark and her glory. Believe no subject In your preparation forget not the living languages. too abstruse-none too simple to be moulded to your You are destined to intercourse with men of all nations. purposes: The perjury of a witness has been detected if you do not seek them abroad, they will seek you on by the pleader's'acquaintance with the natural history your own shores - Learn therefore to address: them in of a fruit: we have all seen juries listen with delight io sounds which will be melodious to their ear, and cheat illustrations of complicated machinery, Aowing from them into forgetfulness that they are strangers in the the lips of a distinguished advocate as though he had land. Forget not that language which is a passport of been himself the master spicit of the combinations he communion from one extremity of Europe to the other described.

the language of Corneille, Racine, and Moliere-the Seek unremittingly to acquire historical knowledge, of language of that gallant people who brought succour to the history of your own country and of that from whose our ancestors in the day of their extremity

and carried shures your forefathers came, pilgrims to a new world, back with them those seeds of liberty which implanted it would be shame to be ignorant. Unacquainted with in one century, have in another burst into the full and them, the charter of your rights, the constitutions of perfect fruit of freedom; the language in which will be the Union and of the individual states, would be almost told the story of that recent revolution, of which we sealed leiters: tlieir spirit could not be appreciated know not whether most to admire the courage with nor their wise precautions understood. They were which it was accomplished, the rapidity of its consumframed by men conversant with the evils of oppres- mation, the oblivion of self and devoted patriotism of sive government: who knew from the lessons of history the actors, or the refined humanity and generous for: the devices which power will invent to destroy free giveness of injury which has ennobled its termination, dom, and the engines it will employ to break down re- the language of the friend and guest of this nation, the sistance and punish contumacy. "To be thoroughly father of regenerated France. understood they must be studied by minda imbued Study too, the tongue of the land of romance, of the with the same knowledge, and prepared by the same Ebro and the Tagus, of the noble Spaniard who is now discipline.

listening with greedy ear to the shouts of freedom as they Become familiar with ancient history as an inexhaus. burst across the Pyrenees, and startle the affrighted tetible fund of delight, and a means of salutary induction nants of the Escurial. It is the language of a large portion from the past to the future: and with modern, as a part of our own western world; of nations yet in their infancy, and parcel of your own existence. Substitute for the with whom our connections are destined to be impor. seducing romance of fiction, the equally fascinating ro- tant, and with their interests ours to be deeply mingled. mance of history, and if you demand excitement and These languages will be rich acquisitions: they will crave to have your imagination roused.go to the wars of open to you mines of intellectual wealth, and largely the Moor and the Spaniard, to the fields of Granada and contribute to your professional advancement. In fine, the banks of the Gaudalquivir-follow the armies of gentlemen, let your early life be a life of improvement. Europe until the Christian sabre, and scimitar of the Learn all you can. Above all endeavour to be accurate

in your knowledge; carry mathematical exactness into Bar of Pennsylvania have presented many examples. all your researches, and remember always that clear Look back but a few years to the names of Tilghman and distinct ideas are the foundations of logical reason and Lewis, and Ingersoll and Dallas, and Pinkney and ing.

Emmet, the illustrious dead; and you will find exemGentlemen—the training of the mind has been rapidly plars to stimulate ambition, and guides to eminence, glanced at. It remains 10 allude to a more important Look to the still remaining brethren of these men, the training; that of the morals and the heart, a topic which revered and respected patriarchs of our own bar, and though applicable to all, is conceived to be specially you will behold models worthy of all imitation; gentle. connected with your pursuit. The law emphatically men who decline the repose which they mighi fairly demands integrity of conduct,and purity of morals from claim in the evening of a life of laborious exertion, and its worshippers. How gross the inconsistency, should continue to bestow upon their profession, and their they whose whole study it is to know how to prescribe country the fruits of their learning and experience in the rule of right to others, be found themselves to be the productions of their pen. Look to the generation transgressors of that rule. He whose declared province which has followed them, to the enlightened men, who it is, to protect the weak, to avenge the injured, to among ourselves, now bear the sceptre of command, lash the licentious, should take especial care to be men distinguished alike for learning, for « loquence and himself

for moral worth. Look to the Senate of the Union, and "Integer vitæ, scelerisque purus.”

follow from thie chamber of conscript fathers its pride How else, can he hope to escape the bitter smile of and ornament; and go with him to the supreme tribu

nal of the nation, behold him every where commanding incredulity, the sarcastic glance, telling him plainly, as he describes with fervid eloquence some flagrant injury, respect and admiration, shedding light, and carrying that he is but depicting his own character. "How would conviction. Look to all these, and you will see that his spirit quail, should he hear, in the very torrent, minated, and to follow in your course to usefulness and

you have been asked to tread its paths brilliantly illutempest and whirlwind of his passion," the ejaculation, fame unerring guides. “ Mutato nomine, de te fabula narratur.”

The existence of this academy is a proof that you Guard therefore your integrity: Endeavour to be as have started in your career with ardor, and are pursu. spotless as your erring nature will permit: and if higher ing it with judgment. It is an admirable institution, enand better motives are not sufficient, let the conviction titled to your constant support: a field of intellectual that your professional prosperity will be advanced, be combat, in which discussions are heard that would coman inducement 10 cultivate sedulously all that is no- mand respect from established tribunals: and which has ble, and shun all that is base.

already obtained a fame abroad, gained by the writings So interlinked and entwined are the virtues, that of a favorite son. The Academy has long been deeply where one exists in perfection, it is impossible the oth indebted to the celebrated jurist, who in the midst of ers should be wanting: and where all are excellent, it is scientific labours, and philosophical research, has not difficult to assign pre-eminence. Yet if it were demand. hesitated to preside over its forturies: ils present session ed to point out that virtue which sits with especial grace is commenced under auspices of renewed brilliancy, in upon a member of your profession; the answer would the accession to its faculty of gentlemen upon whose be, beautiful and spotless truth. Truth to your client model the rising generation may be proud to form -truth to your brethren-truth to the Court-truth themselves. When hereafter the names shall be re. to the Jury. It is the sentiment of our own statute, counted of those, who imbibing bere their legal princi. which admits us within the pale of the bar, under the ples, shall have sustainel nobly the honour of their prosanction of an oath, requiring fidelity to the court, as fession, may yours, gentlemen, and that of each of you, well as to the client; and, alas that such a sanction should fill a large space in the animating story. be requires!! abstinence from all falsehood. Let the spirit of this solemn engagement be scrupulously observed, and your profession will indeed be one to com

LAND TITLES. mand your love and gratify your pride. And as such,

(Continued fruin page 337.) and only as such, gentlemen, is that profession worth pursuing. It is a most mistaken idea, an unfounded The plaintiff claimed under a warrant of the 1st of calumny, that its spirit tends to perversion and so. February, 1760, from lord Baltimore to David Ross, "Tor plistry.” It is a lying and a false spirit, which leads 500 acres of vacant land, in Frederick county, Maryto disingenuity, and not the spirit of your profession. - land, between Little Meadow and Buck Lodge, on poYour profession is a manly and an honourable profession. tomac river, above Fort Cumberland, partly cultivated. Frir argument, and sound logic, and dauntless truth, on the 30th of April, 1762, a survey was made for Ross, intrepidity which fears no frown, independence which the certificate of which stated that' by virtue of a recourts no favour, are its manly and honorable weapons: newed warrant of 4th of February, 1762, 295 acres were and he is a recreant to the order, and unworthy of its surveyed, called the Dry Level, beginning at two white emblazonry, who enters its listed fields with less noble oaks, standing on the top of a hill, on the west side of instruments of warfare.

Will's creek; but the survey said nothing of Little Mea. Closely allied to the virtues are the graces, and dow and Buck Lodge, or of its being partly cultivated; worthy of all cultivation. They are like the setting of and it was said to be ten miles from the Potomac, and the diamond, which enables it to display its brilliancy below Fort Cumberland; ~ Maryland patent to Ross, and throw abroad its corruscations of light. The ac

was dated in December, 1762. complished lawyer, should also be the accomplished

T!e court said, the case depends upon the articles of gentlemanı polished in his manners; kind and courteous agreement of 4th of July, 1760, between lord Baltito all; servile to none; freely yielding homage where more and the Penns. By these articles, the estates of it is due, never exacting it' from others; studious to all persons were protected, who had before that time render kindness, to spare feelings disdaining to inflict acquired title by any kind of grant from lord Baltimore, injury; scrupulously observing the rights of others; not

or his ancestors. The question then is, had lord Baltioverjealous of his own; cultivating, infine, true polite. more made a grant to David Ross, prior to 4th of July, ness, that of the heart, which is confined to no rank, is 1760? if the original warrant had called for the land peculiar to no station.

afterwards surveyed, we think that the title of Ross, Gentlemen,- In this rapid sketch of the character would have related to the date of that warrant, although and qualities of your profession, has too much been demanded of you? You are solicited only to attain he * One of those gentlemen has resigned his station same excellence of which the Bar of the Union and the since this address was delivered.

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