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Two facts are mentioned in the second article, which UNION BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION, are encouraging and interesting. The first is, that if

SECOND ANNUAL REPORT, passengers had, this year, paid toll at Pittsburg. as they of the Executive Board of the Union Benevolent Asdid last year, the amount of tolls for October, 1833,

sociation. would have equalled the amount taken at the same of. Two years have now elapsed since the Union Benefice for the whole of the year 1832.

volent Association was added to the philanthropic inThe next circumstance which is worthy of notice, is stitutions of our city. The Executive Board conceive that, during the last twelve months, the canal was clos- it to be due to the Association and the public, that they ed only one month. While this proves, most conclu- | should be informed in what manner the experiment has sively, the advantage which our canal possesses over justified the favorable anticipations entertained of it. the New York canal, it also furnishes a satisfactory re- The objects of this Association may be briefly sumply to the pretended superiority of rail roads over canals med up in the improvement of the moral and physical in the winter. This superiority, if it exist at all, is cer condition of the poor. tainly, in our latitude, of very short duration.- Pitts- A fundamental principle of our system, as originally burg Gazette.

announced, restrains pecuniary assistanıce, and almsgiv.

ing in general, to those cases where disease, or the ur. Collector's Oopreme. P167833.0; }

gency of distress, does not admit of other and prefera. ble remedies. In such extreme cases, and in such alone,

pecuniary aid is not a deviation from the original plan, Our Canal continues in active operation-our Monthly which supposed that a sufficient fund for the ordinary Report for October is as follows

relief of the poor, existed already in the provisions of Tonnage received from the east, 4,475,872 lbs. the law, and the many institutions with which private Do, forwarded east,

939,578 do. charity has adorned our city. -plainly proving that our western trade wants encour- The reports from the Ladies' Branch, however, re. agement.

present these sources, as inadequate. They resound The amount of tolls received at the different offices with complaints of the want of funds to meet the nume. for the same month:

rous cases demanding immediate succour. The want of

Tonnage East. the necessary funds for this purpose is represented as We have received at Pittsburg,

$802 724 disheartening the zeal of some of the most active mem

bers,and inducing others to abandon a situation which ex. Tonnage West. poses them to the presence of misery without the ability

to alleviate it. There have been paid at Leechburg, $296 754 Within the past year, two hundred and fifty dollars Do. do. at Blairsville, 1,611 467 have been appropriated, under the distribution of the do. at Johnstown, 600 281 Ladies' Visiting Committees, for the use of the sick and

distressed poor. The number of persons, adult and Total, $3,311 221 children, benefitted by the distribution of wood by the

Guardians of the Poor in 1832 and 1833, within the lim. The number of boats, cleared from this office, for its of the operations of the Association, was, according October, was 118.

to the statistical table of Mr. Hazard, 4,562. This fact

is important, as showing the extent of surface over Amount of tonnage and tolls taken on the Pennsyl- which charity must be diffused in order to be truly ef. sylvania canal, at Pittsburg, for articles going east, from fectual. 1st November, 1832, till 1st November, 1833:

'The amount furnished as above mentioned, was

charged on, and paid out if, the fund collected by auMonths. Tonnage. Passengers. Dolls. Cls, thority of the Town Meeting. As that fund must, by 1832-Nov. 470,320 lbs. 6,152 miles. 330 725 repeated draughts on it, be ere lung exhausted, it be.

Dec. 401,020 18,246 228 05, comes highly important to take efficient measures to 1833-Jan. 215,593

645

60 103 provide other sources, Feb, Closed,

One of the principal objects cherished by the AssociMarch, 338,966

605

203 941 ation, is the providing suitable employment for the April, 1,187,670 998

548 30

poor. Of the great superiority of this method of relief May, 712,578 8,326

581 10

over pecuniary donations, in promoting the health and June, 1,512,809

136

576 954 July, 943,000

personal comfort, as well as the moral and intellectual 1,102 498 284 | benefit of the poor, it is unnecessary here to enlarge. Aug. 820,440 1,593

486 87 Public opinion is, perhaps, at this day at rest upon the Sept. 814,669 1,257

597 021 \point; and whatever objections may in theory be urged Oct. 939,578 1,228

802 741

against providing work, instead of compeling every

man unaided to seek it for himself, still experience 8,406,643 40,288 $4,914 10

shows that employment cannot, even in this country,

where labor is comparatively high, be always command. Tonnage, from the east to Pittsburg, in October, ed by the well disposed and industrious poor. 1833, 4,475,862 pounds. There can be no better proof Several interesting cases are recorded in the ladies of the increase of he business on the Pennsylvania canul, reports, of the beneficial effects resulting from furnishthan ile fact that, in the month of October, 1833, there ing employment to the poor. It is a mode of relief was $802 724 taken at the Pittsburg office, and during which the Executive Board have much at heart. Their all the season of 1832 there were takı:n at the same chief difficulty in the formation of any system on this office only $884 32—and if the toll on passengers, which, subject, arises from deficiency of funds. A committee this season, is paid at Blairsville, had been paid at of five was appointed, in December last, to consider Pittsburg, as was last season, there would have been the best means of furnishing employment to the poor. more tolls taken in the month of October, 1833, than That committee have made progress in the duties conall the season of 1832. It is also worthy of the atten. fided to them; but the subject being one of great ex. tion of Pennsylvanians, that our canal was open all the tent and importance, and requiring much deliberation, year, except the month of February, and on examina- they have as yet made no final report. tion, it will be found to have been the case every year In consequence of a representation made by the Vi. since its commencement, while the New York canal is siting Committee of District No. 12, the Executive closed from three to four months every year,

Board, on the 24th of December last, appropriated six1833.)

UNION BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION.

317

ty dollars as a loan to that District, for purchasing ma- Board, deeming accurate statistical information on all terials and furnishing employment. Much good has subjects within their cognizance of great importance, been found to result from this mode of assisting honest beg leave to recommend to the Visiting Committees the indigence, which stimulates industry, and incites to in propriety of particular details. dependence. The ladies' reports mention frequent The Report for January last states that “a flourishing instances of the beneficial results of this excellent spe- school has been opened in District No. 7, for colored cies of charity. As a proof of the judicious manner in females, which is taught in the afternoon of the first which they were applied, the loans, in most instances, day of the week, by the Visiters, to whose care it is are stated to have been punctually repaid.

confided," But the most prominent feature in the scheme of The same Report tells us of 50 scholars in the school the Association, is the moral influence it aims to exert in District No. 10, located in Schuylkill Front, above on the lives and habits of the poor. It is a fact too well Arch street, opened in September last. The whole ascertained to admit of dispute, and too generally ad- expense of the school is estimated at $175 per annum, mitted to require illustration, that the great source of but the want of sufficient funds renders doubtful it's pauperism lies in the evil passions of our nature. By further continuance. far the greater part of the poor in all countries consist The school in the 12th District was publicly examinof those whom vice has impoverished. It is computed ed on the 29th of December last; 94 children were that from three-fourths to nine: tenths of the paupers of present. The number of scholars at the date of the this country are the victims of intemperance. The nu. January Report, is represented as increased to 110. merous licensed and unlicensed dram shops, and the "The whole appearance of the children,” say the Visitgreat facilities of obtaining intoxicating liquors in our ers, is changed-lattered, filthy, and in a state of hea. own community, render intemperance the prolific cause thenism when first introduced into the school, they are of pauperism. The Reports of the Ladies' Visiting now, for the most part, cleanly, decent in their attire, Committees fearfully attest the truth of these state and reduced to civilization." ments. It must be obvious, therefore, to every reflect- It is gratifying to learn from the April Report, that ing observer, that any system of relief which is not hing- the roll book of the school then contained 150 names. ed on the diffusion of virtue and good morals among With a zeal that cannot be too warmly commended, the the poor, however it may afford temporary alleviation, teacher opened an evening school for adults and such of can yet effect no radical improvement in their condition the children as are employed in the factories during The best, the most certain of all charities, is sound, mo- the day. On the opening of the school, 30 attended, ral education This is the cardinal object of our Asso- on the second evening 50, and such is said to have been ciation. To inculcate on every individual visited, the the eagerness to learn, that previously to the comimportance of industry, frugality, cleanliness, and tem. mencement of the school, many of them attended at perance to encourage the disconsolate-to inspire the school room during the interval of work, to receive independence and self respect-to elevate the tone of instruction. moral feeling-to imprint on the minds of the young the Thus there is every reason to anticipate that the la. early lessons of duty-in short, to exercise a parental bors of the Association, directed to that quarter from guardiansbip over the poor-these are the principal which success is with most reason to be looked for, the duties of our Association. They are arduous, requiring education of the young, will be crowned with happy indefatigable zeal, energy, and perseverence. Division results. From persons of maturer years, in whom the and concentration of labor are all-essential to success. tyranny of vicious habits is firmly established, less is The organization of the institution which divides the certainly to be expected. Nevertheless the instances city proper into twelve districts, the Northern Liberties of reform through the influence of regular visiting, reinto four districts, (Moyamensing forming a separate corded in the Ladies' Reports, present many incentives district,) and these districts into sections, under the to renewed and vigorous exertion. care of a competent number of visiters of both sexes, The visiters of Districi No. 1, speak of a man whose has been found to work well.

"habits of intemperance were so confirmed, as to take The visitors have frequent intercourse with the poor. away entirely the inclination to support his family;" It is their special duty on these occasions to give them who bad "for the last three months paid his rent; the counsel on their domestic economy-to inculcate the cause of this unusual and unexpected exertion was atnecessity of sobriety and prudent thrift-to encourage tributed by his wife to the influence of one of the visit. weekly deposits for rent, and deposits for fuel-to make ers."* themselves considered as friends rather than as moni. Another instance is recorded in the same district, of tors. They are, moreover, carefully to guard against an individual formerly addicted to intemperance: “It is imposition, which indeed can rarely be successfully with pleasure," says the report, "we are able to say practised under a system of inspection so close and his conduct continues satisfactory.”+ constant.

Another man in the same district, “who formerly The Reports of the Ladies' Branch, upon whom supported his family by begging, says that the Union principally devolves the duty of visiting, and who have Benevolent Association has ruined him.” discharged that duty with a fidelity which merits the Two other men, in the 8th and 11th districts, “who highest commendation, exhibit satisfactory results. were victims of intemperance,”are said to "have reform

It appears from these reports, that during the quartered so far as to attend places of worship, and behave terminating January 12, 1833, 795 families were under with propriety at home."'$ care-197 children were placed at school-23 placed Other cases are related of individuals rescued from at service-2 sent to the Wharton House-1 to the the degrading thraldom of intemperance, and of famiOrphan's Asylum-1 to the House of Refuge. $885 10 lies induced to attend places of worship, through the were, during the same period, deposited for fuel. benevolent labors of the visiters.

That during the quarter ending April 16, 1833, 1742 The visiters of the 6th section of the 8th district, in visits were paid-85 children placed at school—15 at reference to the general character of the poor, say infant school-23 at service.

“they perceive a decided improvement of those famiThat during the last quarter, 1398 visits were paid- lies which they have regularly visited since the forma. 41 children placed at school-9 at infant school-3 at tion of our society.”| service-$25 92 deposited for fuel.

"Improvement,” says another report, "is perceptible The number of families visited, as well as of deposits, in many families." probably much exceeds the statement bere given, the The efforts of the visiters to prevail on the poor to reports from some sections being entirely silent-in others very deficient on these points. The Executive January Report. tApril Report. Ib. gib. fb. deposit a portion of their earnings for the procurement ples and mode of relief administered by this Association of fuel, have not been unavailing,

are rightly understood, and the results which have al. In reply to the query: what had been the increase of ready attended its infant efforts are duly examined, that deposits in the Fuel Savings Society in consequence of appeal will not now be ineffectual. It is a subject in the efforts of the Union Benevolent Association? The which every member of this community is deeply inter'Treasurer of that Society states that the deposits had ested. Pauperism is an evil attendant on dense popu. been advanced, trom that cause, from "a thousand to lation. Though we may not expect to exterminate it, fifteen hundred dollars, say about midway between the much may and ought to be done to alleviate its miseries. two sums."

Experience testifies that a competent system of relief is The discouragement of street begging is intimately one of the most difficult problems in the science of pub. connected with the scheme of the Association. In the lic economy. Much light has of late years been shed accomplishment of this desirable object, the Agency or on this important subject. The public mind is awake Reference Office is a principal instrument. From the to it. Three millions of dollars have,during the last twen. statement of our Agent, whose capacity and fitness for ty-five years, have been paid in the way of poor tax in his station are on all lands admitted, it appears that the city and county of Philadelphia. The reduction of during the last year 200 whites and 100 colored females this vast expenditure can only be looked for by renderhave obtained employment through the instrumentality ing the subsistence of the poor dependant, as far as of the office—that places have been supplied to 50 practicable, on their own exertions, and by the general white and 20 colored boys, and to 13 white and 10 co. diffusion of morals and education. These are the lead. lored children that 85 applications have been made ing principles of the Union Benevolent Association. If by white male adults, some of whom have obtained efficiently supported, they cannot fail to operate a silent employment—and that of 40 colored male adult appli- but steady improvement on a large and important class cants, employment has been supplied to 30.

of society. Deeply impressed with this conviction, the In addition to these duties, the Agent has been em- Executive Board confidently trust that neither a want ployed in visiting those sections of the city and suburbs of zeal among its members, nor of fostering encouragewhich are not supplied with female visiters, and such ment from the public, will give an untimely check to places as it is not convenient for ladi es to visit. By a the labours of your Association. recent regulation of the Board, the Reference Office All which is respectfully submitted. will, for the future, be closed during the morning hours,

THOMAS C. JAMES, President. which will be devoted by the Agent to visiting among Attested-P, M'Call, R. S. the poor, obtaining information relative to employmeni, October, 1833. and attending to such other duties as may be required by the lady visiters. The office will remain open as The Union Benevolent Association in account with Freheretofore during the afternoon hours. This arrange

deric Fruley, Treasurer. ment, it is thought, will enlarge the usefulness of the

DR. Agent, and be productive of much advantage.

1832. An Agency Office is deemed, by the Executive Board, as highly important, if not essential to the successful

Oct. 17. To balance due the Treasurer, $61 55

1833. management of the Association. It forms a depot of knowledge touching the various objects of our labors

Oct. 15. To cash paid as follows: a central point of reference, where the visiters may ob

For Agent's salary, 800 00 tain aid and information—and the poor advice, assist

For rent of Office, 67 50 ance, and employment. The Agent is the known re

For Printing, Stationary, presentative of the whole body-ever at hand to apply

Fuel, &c.

135 21 his services where they may be required. He is, more

1002 71 over, an organ of communication and of union between

1064 26 the two branches of the Association. The continuance of the Agency under its present

CONTRA, CR. establishment is the subject of anxious consideration

By cash received for subwith the Board.

scriptions and donations, 762 86 The expenses of the institution, including the Agent's

By cash received from Am. salary, office rent, and other incidental expenses, may

brose White, Executor be estimated at one thousand dollars. By an arrange

of the Estate of Thomas ment recently made with the present Agent, William

Montgomery, as a donaE. Sherman, his services have been obtained for six

tion,

200 00 months after the expiration of the present quarter, at

962 86 the reduced rate of six hundred dollars per annum. Early in the last fall, the necessity of taking measures

Balance due the 'Treasurer,

$101 46 to increase the funds of the Association, pressed itself

Errors excepted. upon the attention of the Board. Committees were ap

F. FRALEY, Treasurer. pointed to obtain life and annual subscriptions. The Philadelphia, October 15, 1833. funds procured by this means have been already ex. hausted. The Report of the Treasurer, herewith sub- Frederick Fraley, Treasurer of the Union Benevolent mitted, exhibits a balance against the Society.

Association for Town Meeting Fund. The Executive Board do not wish to disguise the fact,

1832. that without more efficient pecuniary aid than has bith: erto been given to the Association, it will be impossible

Oct. 17. To balance in his hands, $1037 67 to maintain the Agency Department on its present foot.

CONTRA, CR. ing. This is a necessity which they sincerely deprecate. Dec. 31. By Cash paid for District They have entire confidence in their present agent--they

No. 12,

$60 00 are firmly convinced of the utility of the office. They 1833. feel that no effort ought to be spared, no means left Feb. 4. By cash paid to W.E.Sherunemployed to sustain it.

man,

50 00 Under these circumstances, their only resource is in Feb. 26. By cash paid to Ladies' the liberality of an enlightened public—a resource to

Central Board,

100 00 which charity has seldom appealed in vain.

May 35. By cash paid to W.E. Sher. And your Board are of opinion that when the princi

man,

13 91

1833)

RAIL ROAD ACCIDENT.-EXPLANATION.

319

use.

Oct, 14. By cash paid to Ladies'

RAIL ROAD ACCIDENT'.-EXPLANATION. Central Board,

100 00

Address of the Camden and Amboy Rail Road and 323 91

Transportation Company.
Balance in the hands of Treasurer, $713 76

TO THE PUBLIC,

The unfortunate accident which occurred on the Errors excepted.

road on Friday last, and the melancholy consequences F. FRALEY, Treasurer. resulting from it, have occupied the most serious attenPbiladelphia, October 15, 1833.

tion of the Executive committee of the Board of Directors. Every exertion has been made to obtain a correct

statement of all the facts that they might be disclosed DREADFUL ACCIDENT.

to the public. A fatal accident happened yesterday (Nov. 8,) on the

The security of the passengers from the commenceCamden and Amboy Rail Road The train of Cars ment of the operations of this company, has been an obbound for Philadelphia, had advanced about balf way ject of the first consideration. For several weeks after between Spotswood and Hightstown, when the axle of a sufficient number of locomotives to carry the passenone of the cars gave way; from what cause, does not igers, were completed and on the line, the horses were seem sufficiently explained. It was either broken by the continued notwithstanding the importunity of the public pressure upon it, or as some of the passengers think, for the change. The most unfounded reports as to the the heat produced by tlie rapid motion, had burnt away capacity of the road for the use of this species of power, the material in which it was secured. The car fell on

were circulated and believed from this delay. During one side, and was immediately knocked off the road by all this period however, the engines were constantly in the momentum of the succeeding car. As the speed at use, when the line was free from the passenger cars, in this time was more than twenty miles an hour, the En. transporting merchandize and materials on the road. gineer was unable to stop his locomotive until the fallen The Directors preferred the odium attached to their car, with its contents, had been dragged about forty delay to the risque attending the substitution of the enyards.

gines until the engineers had become familiar with their The scene which presented itself to the passengers

They were then placed on one line only, that is said to have been shocking beyond measure.

Of they might be under the immediate superintendance of twenty-four persons in the carriage, twelve were seri. confidential agents of the Company. Positive instrucously injured, and all were in some degree bruised or tions were given that the trip (35 miles) should not be stunned, One gentlemen, Mr. Stedman of North Ca. made in less than two hours and a quarter; allowing rolina, was so crushed that he expired in a few minutes. two hours, or a speed of seventeen and a half miles per One other gentleman had both his legs fractured. hour, for the actual running of the engine, and fifteen Captain Vanderbilt, formerly of the New Brunswick minut's for the necessary stoppages. Special instrucsteamboat, was severely injured in the back. Among tions were also given that no one mile should be run in the wounded are several females-one of them, Mrs. less than three minutes. To ensure a compliance with Bartlett, of Washington City, had her arm fractured in these orders, an agent was placed on each line, whose three places—and a child, dangerously, expected to special and only duty is to take the time of running each die before morning. Mr. Dreyfous of this city, is among and every mile. with a stop watch, for the government those injured, but we are happy to say not dangerous of the engineer, and to note down the same, and report ly.

it to the Executive Committee. From the commenceThe unfortunate gentleman who lost his life on this ment these reports have evinced so nearly a compliance occasion, retained his senses to the last, and met his with the orders as to be entirely satisfactory. From a fate with perfect calmness and resignation. He expres- careful inspection of the reports of the week immedised a wish to die in Philadelphia; and gave brief direc- ately preceding the accident, it is discovered that the tions in reference to his family, and tor the disp:sition time actually occupied in running,shews an average rate of his property.

of eigh'een miles per hour, and the fastest trip was We trust the public will be furnished as early as pos- of this line had sustained a slight injury from a fall a

at the rate of 19 miles. Unfortunately the time keeper sible, with an accurate explanation of the cause of this day or two previous, and was not then on the line. As melancholy disaster. The statement above given is derived from several intelligent passengers, with whom the engineers had become so well regulated in their he had an opportunity of conversing. --Commercial time, it was deemed unnecessary to procure another Herald.

agent to fill this temporary vacancy.

Had this officer been at his post, the first subject of

inquiry, to wit: the rate at which the cars were run. Rail Road AccineSt. — We have learned the follow- ning, would have been attended with no difficulty, ing particulars in relation to this accident, since the pub. From the excitement naturally produced by the disusu lication of our Saturday's paper:—The Car that was ter, it has been found impracticable to obtain accurate overturned, was not the one whose axle was broken, information on this subject. The committee are led to but the one immediately in its rear. Among the pas- the conclusior, however, that a shurt time before the sengers injured, in addition to Mr. J. C. Stedman, kil- occurrence of the accident, the speed of the engine had led, were Miss Whitehead, of Newport, R. I. one arm considerably exceeded the rate allowed, but that at the broken, and otherwise much bruised; Mrs. Barlett, time and immediately before, this was not the case. wife of Lieut. Bartlett, Washington City, badly bruised. This opinion is induced by the following facts. and ber infant very dangerously; Mr. Wells, of Leba- There were two trains of cars attached to separate en. non, Pa. who had both legs and both arms broken; gines. The accident happened to the last train. The first Rev. J. West, of Newport, R. I. one leg broken, and engine is the least powerful on the line. The engineer considerably injured on one shoulder; Mr. King, also of is positive that so far from being in advance of, he was Newport, severely hurt on the back and head; Mr. behind his time. He moreover states that from inadCharless, of St. Louis, Mo., thigh very much injured; vertence his fire had got down, and his steam was so Dr.

of Phillipsburg, Pa., two ribs broken, low as to render it difficult to maintain his proper speed head and arm injured-and after tying his handkerchief at that point, as the road there ascends. The commitround his body, he directed all his attention to his fel. tee are satisfied that the orders had not been material. low sufferers; Mr. Dreyfous, of this city, slight injury ly violated as to the whole time of running the dison the head and back.

tance. Com. Herald.

But it appears that owing to some trifling derange

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ment of the second engine, the engineer, about three the car was thrown from the track, and so far over as miles before, had reduced his speed to adjust it. Af- to be beyond recovery. There is no doubt but that the ter doing so, he states that to recover his proper sta- impetus from the after cars caused the overthrow of tion he increased his speed, but not in his opinion ex. this car.

It is evident that it must have been projected ceeding his limited rate. In this he was probably forward by them, and thrown on the front end, from mistaken. But before the accident occurred he had the fact that of the twenty-four passengers in at the time, checked tie engine by shutting off a considerable por- those in the back apartment were uninjured. tion of the steam, and is positive that he was not then This would liave been effectually prevented by the running faster than the train in advance. This decla application of the brake, but for the unfortunate mis. ration is strongly corroborated by the fact, that one of chance which drew the agent from his post at that critthe agents accompanying the line was on the top of the ical juncture. No blame appears reasonably to be car which upset, and jumped from it to the ground attached to the agent, as the train was then running without injury, when he discovered that it was going on a portion of the line where there is a double track,

From the place where he alighted to that where and perfectly straight for nearly six miles, without even the car rested after the train was stopped, is not quite a turn out to guard against. 21 yards.

These are facts and conclusions arrived at after the The accident has also been attributed to the heating most careful examination of this painful subject. Whilst of the axle from friction for want of oil. It is under the committee deeply deplore the event, and sympastood that some of the passengers are under the im- thise with the unfortunate sufferers and their friends, pression that they saw smoke froin this cause. This they have to console themselves with the conviction, is clearly a mistake. The axles were examined al that the company cannot justly, be chargeable with the Spottswood, (not eight miles distant,) by the agent censure of the public. It is believed that in no similar en. whose duty it is to do so, and found perfectly cool and terprise, greater care bas been taken to protect the well supplied with oil. The appearance of the fracture passengers from injury, and that their intentions have is entirely inconsistent with this idea, and the quantity bern frustrated by an extraordinary combination of cir. of oil still adhering to both the journal and box is cumstances, not to have been forsaken or prevented by conclusive, as that would have been entirely consumed human foresighit. by the heat,

J. H. SLOAN, Sec'y. These matters have been adverted to particularly, because the accident has been attributed to them, and

Maucı CHUNK, November 9, 1833. the committee have felt bound to afford every informa- 105 Ton Boat.-In walking along the wharf the tion on the subject. They are convinced, however, other day, we were much pleased with the noble apthat it is to be traced to other causes which could neith pearance of a large new Canal Boat, bearing the name er have been foreseen när prevented, and that the fatal of Josiah Wute, of Easton, built and owned by Peter consequences were produced hy a combination of cir. S. Michler, of that place. The boat, we understand, cumstances that have never before occurred, and in all is intended exclusively for the Lehigh Canal, to ply be. human probability will never again occur.

tween Maucli Chunk and Easton, being about 16 feet Cast iron wheels have been entirely excluded from / wide and capable of carrying 100 tons. She left this the passage cars on the roid. The axles have all been place with her first load in fine style, two days ago. procuire l from Bookston, tlie most celebrated works in Mauch Chunk Courier. the country, at the exorbitant price of $125 per ton to ensure the quality of the iron. They are more than 50

Expeditious WORK.-In order to convey a just ides per cent. stronger than those used for the passage cars abroad, of the capacity of the Cast Iron Foundry at this of the Liverpool and Manchester road, and for still place, and of the despatch with which the enterprising greater security, the ends were all welded down before proprietor of the establishment, Mr. John Fatzinger, is incy were turned.—Yet with all these precautions it ap. enabled to make to order, castings of almost any dimenpears by an examination of the broken axle, that a la sions which may be waited, we notice with pleasure tent defect existed in it which caused the accident. the following instance of the facility of its operations, There was a flaw in it leaving not more than three. which occurred a few days since: eighths of the strength of the iron to sustain the whole weight, but as the defect was in the journal, it was ef: of a shaft of one of the Stationary Engines on the Cars

We understand that in consequence of the breaking fectually concealed. This was the primary cause of bondale Rail Road, which caused a material interrupthe calamity. But the breaking of the axle would have tion to the coal operations at that place, thie machinest, been harmless as none of the passengers in the car re. ceived the slightest injury. It remains only to account

Mr. McAlpin, after an unsuccessful trial to cast a new for the injury to the other car.

one there, the Cupola of their Foundry being too small It has been supposed that the car was thrown from found the same difficulty to prevent the accomplish

for so heavy a casting, came to Wilkesb.sre, where he the track and upset by running over the wheel of the ment of his objects. He then proceeded to this place broken car. This is entirely an error. The axle broke where he arrived in the afternoon. A pattern was comin the journal, outside the wheel, so that both wheels menced about three o'clock, and the shaft, weighing remained attached to the axle, which at one end maintained its proper position, but at the other, having no- all finished early on the following day. It was then

upwards of half a ton, was cast by Mr. Fatzinger, and thing to sustain it, dropped into the receiver, so that the despatched for Carbondale by a team sent for that pur into collision with the iron on the frame, and nearly pose by the Superintendent of the Lehigh Coal & Navihalf of them splintered to pieces by the revolutions of gation Company.--Mauch Chunk Courier. the wheel. It has been this which was mistaken by the passengers for the smoke of the ascle.

PRODUCTS OF THE SEAsor.- Mr. Joseph Mifflin left at An agent is always stationed at the brake of the bag- our office a few days since, a Beet which weighed 7 lbs. gage car to keep a constant watch upon all the other | 3 qrs. and measured 20 inches in length, and the same cars, and to apply the brake, and instantly apprise the in circumference. engineer if any accident occurs. For the first time since A Beet was shown us on Thursday, by Mr. Philip the line has been in operation, a spark had alighted on Gossler, which weighed 124 lbs. and measured 32 inzthe baggage car, and ignited a bundle of cotton. The ches and a half in circumference. agent discovered this, and was in the act of extinguish. A Radish was sent to us last week by Mr. Jeremiah ing it, when he discovered the breaking of the axle. Brown, which was two feet four inches in length.-Co. Before he could recover his station and apply the brake, 'lumbian Spy.

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