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of fruit trees, they may be supplied with facilities for “Such of the above as worked during vacapractical as well as theoretical improvement.

tion, earned

50 00 In contemplating the advantages the country will de Though numbers of the lads of the institution, and rive from this system, we must not lose sight of the me others not accustomed or disposed to habits of activity, chanical department. The most casual observer must have earned not more than from one to four cents per see, that, as improvements in mechanism are marle, hour, and of course will not expect the important peand the facilities of business increase, the price of ma- cuniary results before us; yet, the above statement nufactured articles decreases, and at the same time the gives cheering evidence of what may be done by young profits of business ailvance. In proof of this we need men of active, energetic, and laborious habits; and inonly look at the domestic goods and wares offered to us spires the hope that the day may not be far distant when by our enterprising merchants. Cloths can be had for by the increasing improvements and success of Manual but little more than the cost of the raw material. How Labor Institutions, the means of self-education shall be is this? Why, the improvements in labour-saving ma- placed in the hands of all young men who have suffichinery, which science has discovered and brought into cient force of character to obtain or be benefitted by a operation, have produced this astonishing effect. The tborough education.” same may be said of almost every article of consumption The operation of the Manual Labor System, is not and of convenience now in use. Axes, hoes, rakes, confined to the Institution itself, its practical effects scythes, ploughs, tubs, pails, churns, &c., are now and pecuniary benefits may be exhibited by the student to be had much cheaper and of better quality, than on the road to and from their places of instruction. Thes they could a few years since. This principle will ap- several young men who were educated in the Oneida ply to all kinds of mechanism, and in the same propor Manual Labor Institution, in New York, wishing to en tion in which it applies, the farmer and other consum ter the Lane Seminary at Cincinnati, instead of taking ing citizen is benefitted by it.

the stage and steam boat, as most young men would The improvements in commercial intercourse by have done on a similar occasion, they took their packs means of roads and canals, and steamboat navigation, on their backs and travelled on foot to Olean at the brings the farmer nearer to market by placing it within head of the Allegheny river, hired themselves out on his reach at less expense and trouble than before, and rafts, and descended the stream about 800 miles, and consequently enhances the value of his produce; all received each $22, to help him to an education, instead which are among the benefits the country derives from of having spent that sum for travelling fees. science; for it is science that has done it. But the sci. This System does not contemplate so much a direct ence which produces such happy consequences is reduction of the expenses of education, but an intaught in Colleges and Universities, which are depen- direct one. The board, tuition, and other incidental dent on the liberality and munificence of the public for expenses of students must be paid in these Institutions, their existence and support,

as well as others. But the excellency of the System Another advantage which may be derived from the consists in a provision by wbich the students may earn system under consideration; which too, is of the highest enough to pay a part of the whole of these expenses, importance to the community; is the facility with which at the same time he is pursuing his studies. And ja the citizens of the surrounding country may have their addition to the advantage he will derive from the presons educated, and the advantages to be derived from servation of his health, guarding his morals, and conthe education. By affording an opportunity for students tracting ! abits of industry; he will in many or most into labor, they not only preserve their health and mo. stances form a character for usefulness, and lay the rals, but they earn something by which to defray a part foundation of future wealth and honorable affluence in of the whole of the expenses of their education.

life. In the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, “the students

But wbile the labor student is thus enabled to pay a generally pay their board by their labor; some pay all part, or the whole of his expenses; the system contemtheir expenses; and some even do more than this." In plates also a reduction in the expense of board, both the Oneida Institute, the students pay their board by from this kind, and the mode of obtaining it; which rentheir labor. Some do much more.

ders it still more easy for him to meet the expense by In the third annnal report of the Cincinnati Lane his labor. Such students as live high, and "fare sumpSeminary, we have the following statement of facts, tuously every day,” must expect their expenses to be which give a clear and practical view of the benefits of accordingly. But such as are willing to subsist on the the system.

most simple diel, (which, indeed, is admitted to be "Fifty of the best farmers earned 54 cents per hour the most healthy for studious persons,) may reduce the each, and worked upon an average 16 hours per week; expense of their board to a mere trifa In most of the average amount earned, allowing each to have worked Labor Institutions the price of board is from one dollar, during the whole 40 weeks' sessions,

$35 20 to one dollar and a half per week, when taking with the “ Those who worked the regular 18 hours

families of the department; but when students club toper week, earned

40 00 gether in a room, furnish it themselves, and prepare “ Several of the above have earned during the

their own food, the price of their board has been revacation by farming, teaching, agencies, or

dured in some instances to fifty cents per week, and otherwise,

40 00 some times even lower. At present, several students “ Twenty eight of the best mechanics earned

in this College find employment enough with the meupon an average, 8 cents per hour, and

chanics in the village to pay their board, and a number worked 16 hours per week; average amount

more can be accommodated in the same way. earned, allowing each to have worked during

This system above all others should be encouraged, the whole 40 week's sessions,

54 80 because it is so completely adapted to the wants, genius, "Those who worked the regular 18 hours per

and institutions of our country. The safety of our Re. week, earned

61 21 public, is admitted to depend upon the general erudi“ Some of the above earned during the vaca

tion of the people, and no system heretofore extant has tions,

40 00 offered such facilities for the purpose, as this. The old “Seven regularly trained mechanics earned

systems confine the advantages and consequent influ. 12} cents per hour; average time of labor

ence of education to the wealthy, which tend strongly per week, 16 hours; amount earned, allow.

Towarıls aristocracy. But this system opens the door ing each to have worked the whole forly to science and its consequent influence, to every mem. weeks,

80 00 ber of the community whose taste and industry is suffi“ Those who worked the regular 18 hours per

cient for its acquisition. And what is remarkable, and week, earned

90 001 at the same time encouraging to the Manual Labor

1833.]

MANUAL LABOR SYSTEM.

277

Student, is the fact, that men who obtain their educa such portion, or portions of the day for it, as will best tions in this way must have genius and enterprise; and suit the convenience of the faculty,and the improvement these are so disciplined and matured, and habits of ind of the students. dustry so formed at the time, and from the manner, in It has been thought by some to be inexpedient to which they receive instruction, that they have in many have two classes of students in the same Institution, one instances become the most eminent in their professions, to labor and the other not; lest it should create envious and the most successful and us ful in their business. distinctions, and retard the studies of the laborer by Perhaps some of our farmers and mechanics may object throwing discouragements in his way. But the trial of that they do not wish to make lawyers, doctors, or the case in the Maine Wesleyan Seminary has demonpreachers of their sons, and therefore have no interest strited that these fears are groundless. Indeed, the in the Institution in a literary point of view. But learn- present popularity of the Labor System, gives a greater ing is not, and should not be confined to th' se profes- share of credit to the young man who has genius and sions. And it is highly improper that it should be so, enterprise enough to work his way through a Literary unless the people wich to establish an aristocracy, and Institution, than to one who depends entirely upon his endanger the stability of our happy Republic. Learning friends for support. And if it was otherwise, your comis power: for the learned man has a greater share of mittee have doubts wliether it would be in accordance infuence than he would have without learning. There with the charter of this Institution to exclude students fore, to confine learning to those professions, is anti- who do not wish to labor, in as much as the charter was republican. The farmer and mechanic should be granted before the Labor System was generally adopt. learned. They have particular need of it in a country el, and of course with a view to establish a classical like ours, where every man is eligible to office, if quali school of the ordinary character. But while the usual fied for it. If the farmer or mechanic has the advantages privileges are given to monied students, there can be no of education, he can make the better Magistrate, Con. legal objection to extending the privileges of the Instistable, Sheriff, Commissioner, Assemblyman, Congress. tution to those who labor for their support. man; nay, he may be fit for Governor, or President of But the great and momentous question is yet to be the United States. These offices often fall into the answered, whence shall we obtain funds to effect all hands of lawyers, doctors, and sometimes preachers, these benevolent purposes? The most reasonable an. not because,as men, they are any better than other men, swer woulil be, to say, from those who may expect to but because their education renders them more compe- be benefitted by it, and this would include the whole tent for the duties of the offices than others. But let community of the surrounding country. But experience farmers and mechanics educate their sons, and though has long since taught that benevolent institutions dethey should follow the plough like Cincinna or pend on benevolent individuals, and benevolent go. hammer the leather like Sherman, or handle the type vernments for their support. We may, therefore, look like Franklin; yet, being learned, they are qualified for for aid, office, and may like the above named w rthies, be called 1. From the State. We look for this, (1.) because by the roice of the people from their domestic employ- this College is, in a great degree, the creature of the ments, to wield the destinies of the nation, or guide the State, and all that the State has bestowed upon it is helm of State.

useless to the community, unless enough now be added In carrying the system into practical effect, a question by some means to put the institution into successful naturally arises as to the best mode of applying the avails operation. (2 ) because the benefit to be derived from of the students' labor to his benefit Some institu ions the Institution when in successful operation, is such, as give a week's board for so many hour's labor. But this is to interest all the northwest part of the State; which found not to be the better way. It exposes the student renders it an object of public munificence. (3.) Be to temptations to idleness, and inattention to business, cause it is acknowledged to be the best policy of the goand to while away time tú litile amount, only so the vernment to encourage literature and universal educa. time is spent, and be neither profitable to himself or his tion, in order to suppress crime, promote virtue, and employers. At other institutions the student is requir. thus perpetuate our republican Institutions; and no ed to do a certain amount of work for a given sum, opportunity is offered or can be offered at the present, (where the nature of the work will admit of it,) which to extend the benefits of this policy to this section of has proved, by experience, to be the best. The stu: the State equal to the one now offered, in the liberal dent is thrown upon his own resources, his ambition is patronage and support of Allegheny College. spurred, he learns to provide for himself, and is sent 2. We look for aid from the liberal and benevolent into the world not only a man of science, but a man of in the vicinity of the College, who may expect to de. business; which is one of the great objects of the sys.rive, as it were, a double benefit from it, and who may tem. And when once left to the resources of his own be waited on by the College agent for that purpose. genius and industry, he may extend his hours of labor 3. We expect aid from other liberal and benevolent so as to include all the time he can spare from his books; individuals who are more remotely situated, and who and by laboring during vacations, and other spare days, expect no other benefit from the Institution, than to do he may obtain the means of defraying the whole of his good to their country, and fellow men, by contributing expenses, as the above extract from the Cincinnati Lane to facilitate the education of the youth of our land. Seminary, abundantly proves.

4. And finally, we hope that our infant institution Another question naturally arises, that is, in refer- will share in the bequests and liberal donations of dis. ence to the time to be employed in labor. In the Maine tinguished friends of education, who wish like Abel, to Wesleyan Seminary the students labor five hours per " speak when dead,” and to act in the best causes day. In the Oneida Institute, and in the Cincinnati long after they cease to breathe on the busy theatre of Lane Seminary, they labor three hours per day. In human action. several Institutions they labor four, and in some, where In conclusion, your committee would offer for adoplabor is introduced merely for healthful exercise, two tion, the following resolutions, viz: hours is adopted. But your comınittee are of opinion 1. That the board deem it highly expedient to attach that three hours per day for labor will be the most ap- to the college, the justly celebrated manual labor syspropriate to the greatest proportion of the students tem, thereby to facilitate *he education of the youth of who may wish to attend the Institution. It is probable our land, and send them into the world with vigorous that some would be desirous, if not under the necessity, constitutions, correct morals, and business habits, as of laboring enough to defray all their expenses; but soon as funds can be obtained to accomplish the object others would not; it would therefore be most advi. 2. That subscriptions be opened, and donations so sable to establish the hours of labor to meet the licited from the friends of the system, for this especial wishes and interest of the majority, and to fix upon purpose; and that the College agent, the Rev. Joseph

8. Barris, and all the members of the Pittsburg annnal to be constructed on the premises of that edifice, in the conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, who are most durable and substantial manner, for the reception authorised to solicit and receive donations for this of the remains of Stephen Girard; and furthermore, College, be and are hereby authorised to make special that the committee be directed, as soon as may be, to requests, and keep separate subscriptions in favor of cause the remains of the said Stephen Girard to be the manual labor department of this institution.

transferred thither. The resolution was adopted in the 3. That a memorial be presented to the legislature of Select Council, and on being sent to the Common this state, setting forth the debts which now lie against Council, was concurred in by that body. the institution, and which greatly embarrass it in its A resolution was read and adopted, that a joint com. present infant struggle to go into operation; together mittee, consisting of the President and two members of with the wishes of the board and the friends of the insti- each Council, be appointed to consider whether any tution throughout this community, to append to it a alteration should be made in the standing and joint farm, mechanic shops, &c., for the purpose of carrying committees of Councils This resolution was concurred into effect the manual labor system of tuition, and ear in by the Common Council. nestly solicit such aid and assistance, as the wisdom and munificence of that honorable body may direct and

COMMON COUNCIL. grant.

The President presented a communication and report All which is respectfully submitted.

from Joseph Mcllvaine, Recorrier; John Swift, Mayor, A. BRUNSON, Chairman. and Joseph Watson, late Mayor, Commissioners, apMeadville, October 7, 1833.

pointed to digest a new system of City Police, embrac. The Board of Trustees of Allegheny College being ing their views on the subject. [will be found on met at their semi-annual meeting, the foregoing report

page 281.] and resolutions were read, adopted, and 1000 copies

Mr. Chandler moved to accept the report, and appoint ordered to be printed.

a joint committee of three from each Council, to preDAVID DERICKSON,

pare an ordinance based on the recommendations of the Secretary Board Trustees, A. C.

Commissioners. In the Select Council, a resolution

was adopted, requesting the Commissioners to prepare Since the adoption of this report, furty-two acres of an Ordinance, &c. Common Council refused to concur. land have been purchased in the vicinity of the college, which, when added to the ten before owned, makes the subject has been referred, reported a resolution au

Mr. Chandler from the Library Committee, to whom fifty two acres to begin the labor system with. This purchase has been made on a credit, in hopes the friends thorizing the purchase from Thomas Desilver, of 200 of the system will contribute enough to pay for it, and copies of the will of S. Girard, which was adopted, erect the necessary buildings.

and concurred in by Select Council.

Mr. Gilder presented a petition praying for the pav.

ing of Schuylkill Third and Fifth streets, between From the Philadelphia Gazette.

Market and Spruce streets; also that Rittenhouse Square PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.

may be planted with trees, Referred to Paving ComTuesday evening, October 24, 1833.

mittee, and Committee on Rittenhou e Square. SELECT COUNCIL.

Mr. Gilder, from the Paving Committee, to whom

the subject had been referred, reported unfavorably on After some unimportant business, Mr. Worrell present the petition of the Widow's Society, praying for remu. ed a petition from the citizens of the Rittenhouse Square, neration of loss sustained by an alteration in the regularequesting that trees be planted in that square, and tion of the street, on which the institution is erected, with reference to the paving of certain streets in that the applicants labouring under a mistake in regard region. That part relating to the square was referred to to the alteration. Report adopted, and the committee the committee on that subject, and the other items re. discharged. ferred to the Paving Committee.

Councils went into an election for members of a spe. A message was received from Common Council en. 'cial standing committee of accounts to audit the ac. closing a report of the Library Company, in which, counts of thie Girard estate. Messrs. Price, Jackson, on motion of Mr. Meredith, the elect Council concur- ' and Groves, of the Select, and Messrs. Toland, red.

Yarnall, and Wriglit, of the Common Council, were The following communication from Paul Beck, jr. chosen. was received and referred to the Paving Committee, The ordinance from Select Councils, appropriating with power to act:

$40,000 from the Girard Fund, to the improvement of PALANELPHIA, Oct. 24, 1833. city property, was taken up, considered and passed. Gentlemen,-Being now ready to pave Delaware Avenue, as well as the foot path, at the corner of Pire

A LIST street and the wharf, the entrance to the Culvert must of the Standing and Joint Committees of Councils, for of necessity be removed a few feet further west--the 1833–34. Ordered to be annually published for the same being now in front of Delaware Avenue I there. use of the Members, by a Resolution passed the 10th fore request the favour of Councils to take order there. January, 1828. on as speedily as possible, and oblige their humble

The name of the Chairman of each Committee is servant, PAUL BECK, JR.

printed in Italics. On motion of Mr. Price, he clerk was ordered to

STANDING COMMITTEES. read the items of unfinished business, in obedience to which order they were accordingly read, and referred

Wutering commillec. by Councils to the appropriate committees

Messrs. Wetherill, Lewis, Groves, and Jackson. S.C.

Byerly, M'Mullin, Lancaster,and Smith. C.C. On motion of Mr. Meredith, the clerk was ordered to read the "Supplement to the ordinance relative to the

Commitlee of Wuys and Means.

S. C. management of Wills' Hospital ” after which, on mo- Messrs. Lippincott, Lewis, and Meredith. tion of Mr. M. the further consideration of the subject Chandler, Toland, and Firth.

C. C. was postponed until the next meeting of Councils.

Paving Committee. A resolution was introduced, instructing the Build. Messrs. Gilder, Byerly, Hutchinson, and Robbins. C. C. ing Committee of the Girard College to cause a vault Worrell, Neff, M'Credy, and Wetherill. S. C.

1833.)

TURNPIKE ROADS.

279

C.C.

1784}+

From the Commercial Herald.
Committee of Accounts.
Messrs. Toland, Wright, and Montelius.

C.C.

BANKS.
Lippincott, Groves, and Price.

S. C. Banks. Charter. Capital Amount
Conimiltee on Markets.

ed in.

paid in.

North America 1781 Messrs. Yarnall, w:rner, and Darrah.

C. C.

1,000,000 1,000,000

1793
Worrell, Eyre, and M'Credy.

Pennsylvania
S. C.

2,500,000 2,500,000 Philadelphia

1803 2,000,000 1,800,000 Committee on the Sinking Fund.

Commercial

1814 1,000,000 1,000,000 Messrs. Lippincott, Eyre, and Jackson.

S. C. Farmers'& Mechanics'1814 1,250,000 1,250,000 Huston, M'Mullin, and Montelius. C. C. Mechanics

1814 1,000,000 700,000 Committee on Library.

Schuylkill

1814 1,000,000 700,000

Northern Liberties 1814 500,000 200,000 Messrs. Chandler, and Schott.

C.C.

United Statest 1816 7,000,000
Lewis, and Price.

7,000,000
S. C.
Southwark

1825 250,000 250,000 Committee on Fire Companies.

Kensington

1826 250,000 200,000 Messrs. White, Warner, Wright.

C. C. Penn Township

1828 300,000 200,000 Groves, Worrell, and Wetherill.

S. C. / Girard

1832 1,500,000 1,500,000 Committee on Franklin's and Scott's Legacies.

Westerni

1832 500,000 400,000

Manufa cturers' and Messrs. Worrell, and Wetherill.

S. C.

Mechanics', N.L. 1832 300,0001 240,000 Firth, and Darrah.

Moyamensing 1832 250,000 125,000 JOINT COMMITTEES.

Total

$20,600,000 $19,065,000 Committee on Franklin Square. Messrs. Wright, and Robbins.

C. C.
Groves, and Meredith.

S. C.

* The oldest Bank in the United States, established Committee on Washington and Ritlenhouse Squares.

by Robert Morris.

fOne-fifth of the Capital-supposed to be the amount Messrs. Chandler, and White.

C. C. belonging to this city.
Eyre, and McCredy.

S.C. # The last instalment to be paid 15th November.
Committee on Logan and Penn Squares.

| Two instalments to be paid 11th November. Messrs. Huston, and Gilder.

C. C.
Lippincott, and Price.

S.C.

INSURANCE COMPANIES. Committee on the State House and Independent Square,

Names.

Churtered. Capitol. Messrs. Smith, and Schott.

C. C,

Philadelp'a Contributionship, *(Fire)175237
Worrell, and Lewis.

Mutual Assurance, (Fire)

S.C.
Committee on Will's Legacy.

North American Marine and Fire,
(Fire and Marine)

1794 $600,000 Messrs. Lippincott, Neff, Groves, and Worrell. S. C. Insurance Company of Penn. (Marine)1794 500,000 Huston, Yarnall, M'Mullin, and Robbins. C. C. Union Insurance, (Marine)

1803 300,000 Committee on Drawbridge Lol,

Philadelphia Insurance, (Marine) 1804 200,000 Messrs. Darrah, and Lancaster.

Phænix Insurance, (Marine)

1804 480,000 C. C. Worrell, and Eyre.

Marine Insurance

1809 300,000 S. C. United States, (Marine)

1810 200,000 Committee to take charge of Chestnut Street, Mulberry American Fire

1810 500,000 Street, and Sussafras Street wharves.

Life Insurance, (Lives)

1812 500,000 Messrs. Warner, and Wright.

C. C. Delaware Insurance, (Marine) 1813 200,000
Neff, and Jackson.
S. C. Fire Association |

1820

1825

Pennsylvania Fire Committeee on the continualion of the Philadelphia and

400,000

1825

Atlantic Insurance, (Marine)
Columbia Rail Ruad along Broad Street.

300,000 Franklin Fire Insurance

1829 400,000 Hessrs. Groves, Neff, and I.ewis.

S. C. American Insurance, (Marine) 1831 200,000 Toland, Robbins, and Kirk. C. C. County Fire Insurance

1833 400,000 Committee on Delaware Avenue. Messrs. Neff, Worrell, and Meredith.

S. C.

Total

$5,480,000 Gilder, Montelius, and Lancaster.

C. C.
Building Committee of Girard College.

The oldest Fire Insurance Company in the United Messrs. Gilder, Byerly, Smith, and Hutchinson.

Worrell, Lippincott, McCredy, and Neff. S. C. + These companies make no dividends. Every per. Commitlee on Improvement of Chestnut Street Wharf, son insuring becomes a member. The Contributionon Schuylkill.

ships' funds amount to $320,000, including risks. Those

of the Mutual Assurance to $280,000. Messrs. Worrell, Groves, M'Credy, and Price. S. C.

I The oldest Marine Insurance Company in the Gilder, Toland, Hutchinson, and Kirk.

C. C. United States. Committee on Girard Lands out of the city and county || Composed of 45 Engine and Hose Companies. Their of Philidelphia.

funds amount to more than $100,000. Messrs. Groves, Lippincott, and Neff.

S. C. Making the total amount, invested in the different Toland, Gilder, and Huston.

C.C. / Insurance Companies, six mill ons one hundred and Commissioners of the Girard Estates.

eighty thousand dollars.--Commercial Herald. Messrs. Lippincott, Lewis, Eyre, and Meredith. S. C.

TURNPIKE ROADS.
Troth, M'Mullin, Chandler, and Huston., C. C.

We have ascertained the cost of the following Turnpike
Extract from the Minutes.

Roads, in the vicinity of Philadelphia, and the periods ROBERT HARE, JR. at which they were first opened to travellers. A table, Clerk of the Common Council. showing the amount of toll received, and the annual

C. C. States.

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Toll received in

5 years, viz: 1825, 26, 27, 28, and 29.

Expenses of re.

pair: for 5 yrs

without sala-
Av'ge recei't of

toll per mile,

each year.
Average cost of

repair pr. m
ries,

each year.

expenses of some of these improvements, will be fonnd signed, a committee of distribution, &c. have at prebelow:

sent ascertained the same, viz: Names.

When Miles in Original Samuel Stahl, Hatter, loss-One large dwelling

completed. length. cost. house and hatter shop-also : ome personal property. Lancaster Turnpike

1795 62 464,142 31 Samuel Nedrow, Blacksmith, loss,All his personal Germantown & Perkiomen 1801 25 285,000 00 property and tools. Frank ford and Bristol 1803 28 209,000 00 Philip Anthony and three Daughters, loss-All their Cheltenham& Willow Grove1804

101 80,000 00 personal property. Chestii't Hill&Spri'g House 1804

7

70,000 00 Elijah Horner, Cabinet maker, loss—all his personal Ridge Road

18. 2 231 176.000 00 property and toolsalso a small confectionary. Manayunk and Flat Rock 1830 11 16,000 00 John Armstrong's Estate, loss—Three houses.

David Williamson, Stone cutter, loss-liis tools and Total, 157 $1,300,142 31 some work finished.

Neff & Stahl, Merchants-Large store and dwelling house, Barn and granary-also part of their merchan

dize. NAMES.

George Chorpenning-One large new brick house, intended for a tavern stand, and one frame house and ware house-also two offices and a large amount of personal property.

John L. Snyder, Merchant and Druggist-one large Laricaster 148,740 74 51,912 69 479 81,167 46 new brick house-also considerable merchandize and Germantown &

furniture. Ferkiomen 100,557 98|31,661 63 804 46 253 29 Jacob Snyder, Esq.—Two frame houses and part of Cheltenham and!

his personal property. W. Grove 33,743 10! 8,639 08642 72 164 56

Charles Ogle, Esg:-One large tavern stand occupied Frankford and

as the Stage Office, &c. by J. Webster. Bristol

58,093 92 10,795 91/414 951 77 11 John Webster, Post Master-A variety of personal Ridge Road 51,261 93.36.179 961436 371308 00 property. [See Reg. Vol. II. p. 298, and Vol. V. p. 398.)

Clifford Elder, & Co,-One dwelling house-also one Commercial Hcrald,

Saddler, one Tinner and one Hatter shop-and part of

his personal property. From the Somerset Whig.

George Pile, Esq.-One dwelling house and tavern FIRE AT SOMERSET.

stand. After about half of our papers of last week were Samuel C. Pile, Innkeeper-part of his personal proworked off, a most shocking calamity befel our town. perty. About half past 2 o'clock on Wednesday morning last,

John Houpt, Saddler-Some personal property and (16th instant,) the cry of fire was heard in our streets.

stock. It was discovered to be in a house owned by J. F. Cox,

C. W. Michaels, Merchant-$300 in cash. & James Armstrong; and occupied in part as a dwelling

Michael Hugus' Estate-One large dwelling house, and in part by several mechanics as shops. Where the formerly occupied as a tavern stand-also one Saddler fire first originated cannot be correctly ascertained, — shop and office, further than it was either in a cabinet maker's or a hat John Witt, Esq. Sheriff-One dwelling house and ter's shop. In a few moments we had presented before part of his furniture. us an awful conflagration. The flames spread with John Kurtz, Esq.- One dwelling house and Druggist inconceivable rapidity, east, north and west, and not including medicines. withstanding the most energetic exertions were made

Martin Shaffer, Hatter-All his personal property. to subdue it, its progress was not arrested until twenty

Joshua F. Cox, & James Armstrong-One large dwelling houses, fifteen shops and otfices, three stores, dwelling house, hatter shop and stable. two taverns in one of which was kept the Post Office, Cephas Gillet, llatter-Considerable stock and hats and a number of stables, smoke houses, and other back also his account books. buildings were destroyed. From main cross street in

Jacob Glessner, Cabinet maker- A large assortment the diamond of the town west to the cross-street at of tools and a considerable quantity of valuable furniJudge Kurtz's, every building in front has been consumed, together with the greatest part of the back

William Philson-all his personal property-also buildings.

notes, accounts, &c. The fire reached the diamond about day light, and

Danl. Bauchman, Shoemaker-One dwelling house for a time all hopes of saving that part of the town and stable-also part of his stock and personal propeast of main cross-street seemed de sperate: there was erty: a strong current of air from the S, West, and if one

john Neff-Considerable personal property. building on the east side of the Diamond had taken fire

Gilbert & Snee, Shoemakers-All their stock and all must inevitably have been consumed. But here, as

tools, with the same impulse, all the citizens made one united

Rev. John Tiedemans' Estate-One house and staand powerful effort, nothing that could be done by unit.

ble. ed strength and concentrated action was left undone,

Henry Marteeny-One dwelling house. and finally after a hard struggle the progress of the

Thomas Crocket, Chairmaker-All his tools. flames were arrested by the most vigorous and powerful

Leonard Stahl, Chairmaker- A considerable quantity exertions that were perhaps ever made under the same

of chairs circumstances in a case of the kind. It was stopped in

The above is a true statement of the number of suffer the west with less difficulty in consequence of the wind ers as far as said committee bave derived information. not favoring its progress in that direction and on the Owing to the excitement, confusion, &c. incident to north for want of buildings to consume.

such an extraordinary catastrophe, it is impossible for

the committee, at this period, to give a more particular, REPORT OF THE

or specific detail.

ISAAC ANKENY,
Committee of Distribution.

JOSEPI IMHOFF, A list o the names of ihose who were sufferers by

SAMUEL G. BAILEY, the late conflagration in Somerset, as far as the under

HENRY BENFORD.

ture.

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