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From Ravenna Summit to War

peake and Ohio or the Pennsylvania Canal, a direct in. ren

28 miles 16 chains. tercourse between the great Lakes of the northwest From Warren. to Pennsylvania

on the one hand, and the Delaware and Chesapeake line

24 miles 58 chains. Bays and Atlantic Ocean on the other, will be carried

on to an immense extent. Total length canal line

75 miles 73 chains. To the interests of Pennsylvania, and of those engag.

ed in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, as well as to LENGTH OF FEEDERS.

Ohio, the proposed canal is of the first importance. It Cuyahoga Feeder 7 m 16 ch

is the most advantageous route between Pittsburg and Muddy and Sandy

Lake Erie, the most direct from the western parts of Ponds, Feeder 78 ch

Lake Erie, Detroit, and the northwestern lakes to Pitts. Breakneck Feeder 3 m 06 ch

burg, Philadelphia, and Baltimore; it unites with the Warren Feeder 12 ch

navigation of Lake Erie at a point further west, and Total

11 milés 32 chains. longer clear from obstruction by ice than any where in Aggregate length of Canal and

Pennsylvania; and above all it intersects the Ohio Canal Feeders

87 miles 25 chains. before it strikes the lake, and by that means precludes The estimated cost of canal and feeders is as follows. the necessity of trans-shipment, and avoids the danger Cost of main canal from Akron to the

of lake navigation, as it respects the commercial inter. Pennsylvania line

$683,762 60

course between the state of Ohio and the ports of the

Delaware and Chesapeake. Feeder from the main Cuyahoga, in

Should the Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal be completcluding reservoirs at Brarly's Lake and Lake Pippin

ed, we shall see an active commerce between the city

50,939 95 Reservoir and Feeder from Muddy and

of Pittsburg and the western part of the state of Penn

sylvania, on the one hand, and the country bordering on Sandy Lakes

20,249 95

the Ohio river below the mouth of the Scioto, on the Feeder from the Mahoning at Warren 4,031 00 other, carried on through that canal and the Ohio canal, Breakneck Feeder

5,397 10 during those seasons when the water in the upper part

of the Ohio river is too low for steamboat navigation. Aggregate cost of canal, reservoir, and

The profit of this work to the proprietors must be feeders,

$764,372 98

commensurate to its commercial importance; and it is The foregoing estimates were made under the imme- believed to offer one of the best opportunities for a diate inspection and advice the principal engineer. profitable investment of capital than can be afforded in The amount includes ten per cent, on the nett estimate the United States, for unforseen expenses, and it is believed will fully co. Respectfully submitted. ver the actual expense of the work.

ISAAC MINOR,

BENJAMIN TAPPAN, The total ascent from the Por

N. BEASLEY, tage to the Ravenna Summit,

JOHN JOHNSTON, is

101

feet. Total descent from the Ravenna

ALFRED KELLY,

M. T. WILLIAMS, Summit to the Penn'a line, is 213 13–100ths feet,

A. BOURNE. Whole amount of Lockage,

Columbus, Jan. 17, 1828.

313 13-100ths feet. To overcome this rise and fall, there have been locat. ed 36 locks, of which 11 are west and 25 east of the DU PONCEAU'S ADDRESS BEFORE THE LAW Ravenna Summit.

ACADEMY. Of the commercial importance of th's canal when fi. A series of addresses delivered before the Law Acad. nished, no doubt can be entertained by those who un. derstand the interest and geography of our country: emy bas been placed in our hands, with an'intimation The route passes through one of the most wealthy dis that their insertion in the Register would be gratifying tricts of our state; and when executed, it will, together to the members of that institution: we therefore, cheerwith the Ohio canal, open a direct and convenient chan- fully comply, by inserting this week, the address of Penel of commerce between the interior of Ohio and the ter S. Du Ponceau, Esq. which although not the first great manufacturing and commercial city of Pittsburg, together with the whole of west Pennsylvania. Between in the order of time, may aptly be considered as intruthese sections of country an extensive and highly bene- ductory to the remainder of the series—as it furnishes ficial commerce now exists, which must increase with the an historical account of the rise and progress of this growing population of our common country, and with the development of its resources.

Academy; and points out the advantages to be derived It is however only by looking forward to the time by the members, from their connexion with it. when the great Pennsylvania canal, in the construction of which that state is now engaged, and the contemplat. Address delivered before the Law Academy of Philaed Chesapeake and Ohio Canal shall have connected the Chesapeake with the Ohio river, the Potomac and

delphia, on the opening of the Session 1831-2, by the Delaware, that the importance of the Pennsylvania

Peter S. Du Ponceau, LL, D., Provost of the Acadeand Ohio canal can be duly appreciated. When these works shall have been executed, the

Gentlemen of tie Luw Academy:farmer in the centre of our state may put the production of his fields on board of a boat which will convey tablished in its present form and under its present

Ten years have elapsed since this institution was esthem to Washington, Alexandria, 6 iltimore, or Phila- name. Before that time there had existed only ephedelphia, without unloading or re-shipping; and the meral associations of students of law, denominated Law merchant may bring his goods from either of those cities Societies, which seldom lasted more than two or three to his own door, without risk or change in the manner years, and were never heard of beyond the walls, where, of transportation, and for an expense not exceeding one without compass to steer by, and without guides in third of the present cost, Through the northern part of the Ohio Canal, the exercises. It was my good fortune, in the winter of

whom they could confide, they performed their modest proposed Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal, and the Chesu- 1784-5, or perhaps in that which next preceded it, for

my:

1833.]

DU PONCEAU'S ADDRESS BEFORE THE LAW ACADEMY.

267

recollection is not very particular on this point, to be a in the art of public speaking, so as to unite the talent member of one of those societies, with the late but for of the orator with the science of the jurist.” ever illustrious Judge Washington, who at that early To this society, and under its patronage and direction period of his life displayed the germ of those talents by was to be annexed, a “ Law Academy,” to consist of which he was afterwards so eminently distinguished, students at law, and such junior practitioners at the and won the affection of his fellow students by the ex. bar, residing within the city and county of Philadelphia, cellence of his heart. What became of that Society as should be willing to become members thereof, It after I left it, I have not been able to learn; one more was also agreed, that the faculty of the academy should of its members only I remember, John Wilkes Kittera, consist of a provost, a vice provost, and such professors who became distinguished afterwards at the bar, and in as should be provided by the board of trustees, elected the senate. I believe it was dissolved soon after the by the sciety, and invested with ample powers for the admission to practice of those who then composed it. administration of its affairs. The constitution of that

From this time until the year 1811, 1 heard no more society may be found at large, in the 1st and only voof Law Societies in this city, although some might have lume of Hall's Journal of Jurisprudence, being a contin. existed without my knowing it. In that year there was uation of his valuable Law Journal. one formed, which for the first time conceived the idea

Under this constitution the society was incorporated of calling to their aid, one of the elder members of the on the 12th of January, 1821. On its organization, the bar, and I was honoured with the office of their Presi. venerable William Tilghman was chosen its President, dent. How, and by whom the idea was ggested to

William Rawle, Esq. Vice President, John K. Kane, them I cannot tell, much less how they came to make Secretary, and Benjamin Tilghman, Treasurer. The choice of my humble person; all I can say is, that the

1 rustees were Charles Chauncey, Thomas Kittera, John moment the offer was made to me, I perceived all the M. Scott, Bloomfield M'ilvaine, and John Keating, Jr. good effects that might result from this honorable coa of the two last of whom death has deprived the profes. lition of experienced age with unexperienced youth; sion and their country, and I accepted without hesitation. But the time was

By a schedule to the constitution of the society, it not yet come for the seed to bear fruit; the society last

was provided, that the Law Society then existing in ed only two years, and was then dissolved. I have for. the city of Philadelphia, should be invited to form itself tunately preserved the volume of its records. It is in into a Law Academy, to be annexed to the parent so. the possession of your Secretary, and I recommend its ciety, under its constitution, which invitation that soci. being kept with care. The opinions delivered by the ety immediately complied with, and the whole system President were not preserved, but there is no reason to

was accordingly organized, and began to be carried into regret their loss.

execution. The seed however had been sown, and it bore its said before, directed that the officers of the Law Acad.

The constitution of the patron society had, as I have fruits in due time. Towards the latter end of 1820, a new Law Society was formed, and again I was chosen such professors as should be thereafter provided by the

emy should consist of a provost, a vice provost, and their President. In that Society there were young men of exalted views, some of whom had been lately admit. sors, were left to the choice of the academy, who did

board of trustees. These officers, except the profes. ted at the bar: among those were particularly distin. me the honor to elect me their provost, and James Gib. guished one of your Vice Provosts, * and the late lamented John Keating, Jr. who, if he had lived, would The place of professor was filled afterwards by the ap

son, Esq. was chosen to fill the station of vice provost. most probably be also seated on this bench. Those gentlemen suggested the appointment of a committee Barnes, now president of the district court for the city

pointment of the board of trustees. The Hon. Joseph from their body, to confer with me on the subject. I and county of Philadelphia, was appointed professor of regret that all their names are not present to my mem- the common and statute law, and read two courses of ory. By that committee the plan of this academy was lectures which gave general satisfaction. formed.

An unforeseen accident prematurely dissolved the It was found necessary in the beginning to have the society with which our academy was so happily and aid and support of the bench and bar, who very con so successfully connected. They had appointed their descendingly acceded to our wishes:-A society was annual meeting for the election of officers, to be h. Id in accordingly formed, to consist exclusively of "Judges the room where the supreme court of the state then of the Courts of the United States, and of this State, of held their sittings. Unfortunately, at the hour when Atturnies and Counsellors at Law, and of Students of the election was to take place, the door keeper vas Law, having attained the age of twenty-one years." missing, the door was locked and could not be opened, Here for the first time, gentlemen, you see students of the members after waiting some time dispersed, and no law associating on an equal fooling with venerable election was held. There was no provision in the conjudges, and with the most learned, most experienced, stitution for such an emergency; the venerable T'ilghand most celebrated members of the legal profession. man was of opinion that the society could not proceed As soon as a student attained the age at which the law without a new charter of incorporation. Several meet. ceased to consider him as an infant, lie became entitled ings were held for that purpose; but now began the to full membership in that most respectable association, proposals of amendments and additions to the existing and to sit by the side of his instructors, and of the judges constitution, the discussions were prolonged until the of the land. He became the patron of the younger meetings became less and less numerous, the thing students, ai concurred in making the laws which he was dropped altogether, and the society was not rewas with tia m called upon to obey. I believe a similar | vived. instance cannot be found in the annals of our profes. But the academy did not lose courage. They consion.

sidered that they might go on without the aid of the This association assumed the name of “ The Society parent society, and that their faculty, of which they for the Promotion of Legal Knowledge and Forensic gradually increased the number, might supply its place. Eloquence." Its principal object, as avowed in the in some degree, their expectations were not deceived, preamble to its constitution, was, “to connect with the yet the dissolution of that society is an event ever to be mode of instruction at that time exclusively pursued, a regretted, more scientific and academical system, whereby not I must be permitied to say here, in honour of our only a greater degree of jurisprudential knowledge departed Chief Justice Tilghman, triat while the parent might be acquired, but the students might be exercised society continued, he was one of the most active and

zealous amongst its members, and that he never failed, John K. Kane, Esq.

to my recollection at least, in attending to any of its

meetings. He was also amongst the first supporters of Barnes, add to their numerous avocations, the hard and the plan of its institution, and his influence contributed fatiguing duties of a professor of law, without receiving not a little to bring it into existence. In remembrance some compensation for their labour. It is neither just, of these services, and not willing to remain entirely un: nor natural to expect it. The time will come, however, connected with that excellent man, the academy elected when we shall be able to attain this most desirable oba him their patron, which title he retained till the day of ject, and I hope we shall always keep it in view. Nothhis death, when the academy did not forget to pay a ing is impossible to courage and perseverance. tribute of respect to bis memory.

In the mean while, gentlemen, we ought to think of What the academy has done since is known to us all. some substitute. It is well known that the members of I think I may safely say, that no association of young the bar generally, are friendly to our institution. This students has distinguished itself as this academy has interest is manifested in many ways, but particularly by done. It was a happy idea of your faculty to include their recommending to their students to become memamong your scholastic exercises, the writing of disser bers of it. I am convinced that there is not one of them, tations on legal subjects; several were produced of con- but, if properly applied to, would with pleasure deliver siderable merit, which the academy deemed worthy of at least one lecture on some legal subject in each seapublication. But I must not omit to speak of one, the son, without expecting for it any fee or reward, but that work of considerable labor and research, not in the of having contributed to the advancement of our sciform of a pamphlet, but of a volume, which received ence, and rendered service to the rising generation. the pointed approbation of a Marshall and a Kent, was And I hope I may be permitted to add, that there are quoted by foreign jurists, and now forms a part of the some among them, whose number is sufficiently large, library of Equity lawyers in this country. The author who would consider it as a duty-1 allude to the almuni of that treatise* had not attained the age of twenty.one of our academy, who, after their admission at the bar, years. I wish I could bave omitted mentioning that have retired as honorary members. They would thus work, as its author is now sitting on the bench of this honorably repay the benefits they have received from academy to which you have very properly elevated it. The connection between them and us, while it nohin; but historical truth has its laws, which no regard minally continues,ought not to be broken in fact by their to the modest feelings of individuals should ever per- admission at the bar. You have shown that you do not mit to be infringed.

consider it so, by electing some of the most conspicu. Unfortunately this wise regulation of our academy ous among them, to be members of your faculty. Let has for some time fallen into disuse. The same regard them, therefore, reciprocate the feeling, and give the to truth obliges me to tell you in what manner that most unequivocal proofs of it, by communicating to you happened. One of our young members who had al. in the form of lectures, the fruits of the knowledge they ways distinguished himself in our debates, had under have acquired among you. taken to write a dissertation on a very nice but interest At a future day, ihose lectures, collected and preing topic of the Common Law. He had written it, and served as I hope they will be, will form interesting rothose who had been admitted to the favor of its peru- lumes, which will be sought after by our posterity, and sal, spuke highly in its praise. But being shortly after perpetuate the names and the fame of their authors wards admitted at the bar; what I shall take the liberty | The fame of a practising lawyer, however learned, eloto call a much to be regretted diffidence induced him quent, and able ho may be, is fugitive and transitory to withhold his work from the academy, and there is and seldom Jasts beyond his life, unless he leaves be. reason to believe that he has since destroyed it. Other hind him some traces of the knowledge and eloquence members were disheartened by this example, which as that he possessed. The vames of Marshall, Hamilton, an officer of this academy, I am compelled to say was Livingston and Kent, will never be forgotten, while ma. blameable, and which I do not hold up to you as worny on the eloquence of whose lips, and the effusions of thy of imitation. Who would praise Virgil for direct. whose minds, all who heard them have hung enrapturing the Eneid to be burnt after his death?

ed, will be forgotton by posterity, because they have Now that the force of this example is sufficiently left nothing behind but an empty name. spent, I hope, gentlemen, that we shall return to our There is great reason to believe that you will thus former practice, and that the writing of legal disserta receive the aid, if properly applied for, not only of tions by the members of this institution will be resumed, those gentlemen of our profession who are connected T'he academy has acquired a name at home and abroad with this academy, but of the members of the bar at which must be sustained, and that can only be done by large. There has been of late years a general disposihard labour, the fruit and the results of hard study. it tion manifested in the men most distinguished not only is not enough even to do as we have done; we must do for their talents, but for their high stations in sociely, more; for in the paths of science there is no baiting to contribute personally to the advancement of our place, and those who do not advance, cannot even youth in every kind of knowledge. For this purpose, expect to remain stationary, they must inevitably re. such men as Story and M'Lean have not disdained to de. cede.

scend from their high and dignified seats, and the Ev. Since the resignation of Judge Barnes, there has been erett's, the Kent's, the Hopkinson's, the Sergeant's, the no professor attached to this academy. The parent Ingersoll's, the Dallas's, and several others, all highly society was no longer there, to aid us with its powerful distinguished in public or professional life, have gone influence. Had it continued, not only that influence, even beyond the limits of their own states, to impart inand the respectability which their appointment would struction and advice to associations of youthful students

, confer on the individual chosen, would have induced under the names of Phi-Beta-Kappa, Philomathean, some one to fill the office, but through their means, Philoclean, Zelosophic, Cliosophic, Peithosopbian, and funds might also have been provided to make it worth i know not how many other denominations of societies

, the while of an able jurist to devote a part of his time to for whom they might perhaps feel a particular your instruction, and to give lustre to this institution. attachment, from some former connection or otherwise, Your faculty have done what they could to supply this but still with the same view of being useful to the rising deficiency; they do not however despair of being able generation. And just now we hear that Berrien, the to do it, and as our members increase, our means of pro- late distinguished attorney general of the United States, viding a moderate salary for a qualified lecturer will will come next year from distant Georgia to be present increase likewise. You must not always expect, gen. at the commencement of our university, and there detlemen, that members of our profession, whose time is liver an instructive discourse to one of the youthful asprofitably engaged in its practice, will, like Judge sociations of that venerable institution. Such is the re

spect paid by our greatest men to the youth of our Antony Lausatt, Esq.

country, of which I believe there is not another exam.

1833.)

CANALS AND RAIL ROADS.

269

rail way,

rail way,

ple in any part of the world. Why then should we fear

CANALS AND RAIL ROADS. that men of enlarged minds should deny to us what they bave so liberally granted to others? But to merit those

Extract of a letter, dated honours, our exertions must be unremitted, and we

“EBENSBURG, Oct. 9, 1833. must convince those who are disposed to honour us, “ Many of the questions you have propounded, you that those bright favours will not have been granted in will recollect relate to the future, and have to be anvain.

swered altogether upon judgment. Now as no man, It is but a few years since this disposition has shown you know, is considered a prophet in his own country, itself at least, to such an extent, in the distinguished my anticipations on this point or that point, must be the men of our land. May we not say, without being tax result of individual opinion, and go for just what they ed with overweening pride, that the first example of are worth. The value will be ascertained from the this association of dignified age with unexperienced reasons assigned. youth, was given by s'ilghman and Rawle, and those

When that portion of the Pennsylvania Improvements, who with them first associated themselves with the termed the “ main line,” extending from Philadelphia members of our academy,and took it under their special to Pittsburg, is completed, the length of it will be about patronage? Was not Judge Barnes the first who from 1 396 miles, as thusthe bench entered our academic groves, and gratuitous From Philadelphia to Columbia, by ly assumed the part of our Blackstone and our Woode.

86 1-2 miles son? In short, was not this academy the first associa From Columbia to Hollidaysburg, by tion of students who were so honoured, and did not this canal,

175 example, at least, greatly contribute to produce the From Hollidaysburg to Johnstown, by present happy state of things? Be that as it may, it is

36 1-2 our duty to avail ourselves of so favourable a disposi From Johnstown to Pittsburg, by canal, 104 tion in the most distinguished characters of our coun. try, and to solicit from them that aid and support which

396 miles. they have not denied to others, and which there is ev Assuming it as a fact, then, (which I deem very proery reason to hope they will not refuse to extend to this bable) that the rates of toll upon the Columbia and academy.

Portage rail ways will be made to correspond with those But í fear, gentlemen, that I have already trespass- upon the canal, the price of transportation for a ton of ed too much on your time, considering that you are to dry goods, from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, for toll alone, be addressed this evening by another member of your will be $952— add to this, the boatman's charge for faculty, on a most important and interesting subject of freight, which may be set down at $10 48, and the the law of our country. My object in this discourse has whole cost of carriage will be one cent per pound, or been principally to lay before you a brief history of the $20 per ton. The cost of transportation, however, origin, rise and progress of this institution to the present must and will be regulated entirely by competition in time, lest the memory of it should be lost; as I am the carrying trade—and I do not doubt but goods will aware that although only ten years have elapsed since be carried through for 87 1-2 cents per 100 pounds. our first commencement, many of the facts I have stat. The present price, by way of the Union Canal, and ed are unknown to most of you, and that is to be ex- turnpike across the Allegheny, is from 35 to 40 dollars pected in an association consisting of so rapid a succes- per 2000 pounds. sion of members as the law academy. But as it is to be The distance from Pittsburg to Philadelphia, via the hoped that it will not only continue for many more years Portage, and Pennsylvania, Union, and Schuylkill cato come, but that it will produce fruits that will convey nals, is 443 1.2 miles, as thusits name with honor to posterity, its history may be ex. By Canal, &c., to Middletown, 296 1.2 miles. pected to be hereafter an object of interest, and there "Union Canal,

79 fore, it is proper that it should be preserved. With 'Schuylkill Canal,

68 that view I would recommend, that for the sake of the facts that it contains, this address should be preserved

443 1.2 miles, among your records, and that every year, at the begin The toll on the Union Canal is $1 60 per ton--on ning of our session, one of your members should be ap- the Schuylkill, about $1 36, and on the Pennsylvania pointed, to whom it should be enjoined to make report Canal, $7 15—making together throughout by their at the next annual meeting, of every thing worth re- canals, $10 11 c. The differences, therefore, between cording done by the academy during the year just the tolls that will possibly be charged on the main line, elapsed. Those reports according as they shall be and those now charged in the present mode of conveyfilled, will be every year to you a source of congratula- ance, would be 59 cents in favor of the state improvetion or regret, and will be of the greatest use to the fu- ments. The difference in the distance, between the ture historian of our academy, if we should ever de two routes, is 47) miles. That is, it is 47 } miles fnrther serve to have an historian, to which honourable end our to go by Reading, than by Columbia. efforts I hope will constantly tend.

The time that will probably be required to go from Let me then recommend you to continue those efforts Philadelphia to Middletown, by way of the railroad and with zeal, activity, and perseverance, and so as never canals, 99} miles, will be less than 24 hours, including to consider that you have done any thing, while any all time for transferring the cargoes from the cars to the thing remains to be done. This is the only course, which boats; whilst the time necessary to convey a boat from in an undertaking like ours can lead to success. And and to the same point, by the Schuylkill and Union ca. permit me to conclude in the words which the Empe- nals, 147 miles, is about 70 hours. The vast difference ror Justinian addressed to the law academies of his do- bere as to time, does not rise from the excess of distance minions: "Summa itaque ope, et alacri studio leges alone, but from a difference in the facility of going over nostras accipite, et vosmet ipsos sic eruditos ostendite, the same space. 803 miles of one route is railway, and ut spes vos pulcherrima foveat, toto legitimo opere per 19 miles canal, with about 8 locks; whilst the whole of fecto, posse etiam nostram Rempublicam in partibus the other route is canal and slackwater, with about 130 ejus vobis credendis gubernari."

locks. Hence the difference in the time required for Never forget, that among you are the future legisla- lockage between the two routs, assuming 4 minutes as tors and. judges of this land, and that the fate of our the period for passing a boat, will be 8 hours, 8 minutes, happy country will in a great measure depend on the in favor of the Columbia rout. knowledge that you will have acquired of its institutions Upon the completion of the main line, goods may be and its sacred laws.

taken from the depots, in Broad street, Philadelphia,

and delivered, by regular lines, in Pittsburg, in 192 • Inst, Procm 7.

*

hours, or 8 days, and this is allowing them to go at a Northampton, Lehigh, Wayne and Pike-Jacob Kern, rate but little over two miles an hour.

Peter Newhard. By the present mode of transportation, goods ought Berks and Schuylkill—Jacob Krebs, Paul Geiger. to be delivered in Pittsburg in 12 or 14 days—but they Dauphin and Lebanon-Jacob Stoever. are often 20 days on the way. This, however, does not Lancaster-John Robinson, Jacob Hibshman. always arise from inattention on the part of the boalmen. York and Adams-Henry Smyser, David Middle

The difficulty in getting the means of transportation coff. across the mountain, is frequently the cause of great de. Franklin-David Fullerton. lays. The wagoners have a strong antipathy to the Cumberland and Perry - Charles B. Penrose. railroad and canals, and would rather haul iron for some Northumberland and Union-Samuel J. Packer. thing less, than encourage a system which must ulti Mifflin, Juniata, Huntingdon and Cambria-George mately drive them from the road.

McCulloch. Now, notwithstanding the difference in the tolls and Centre, Clearfield and Lycoming-Henry Petri. distance between the Union Canal and the Columbia ken. route, the former will always draw a considerable por Luzerne and Columbia-Uzal Hopkins. tion of the carrying trade from the latter. Much of Susquehanna, Bradford and Tinga - Álmon H, those heavy and unwieldy articles, such as Tobacco, Read. Gypsum, Coal, Salt, Lumber, Liquors, in hhds. &c. will Bedford and Somerset-Henry H. Fore. go by the Canal, because there is no transhipment, and Wesimoreland-John Klingensmith, jr. because many of the freighters, who carry on their own Washington - Thomas Ringland. account, will have no cars, nor any connexion with re Allegheny--William Ilays. gular lines. All the lighter articles, such as dry goods, Beaver and Builer-John Dickey. and generally all kinds of merchançlise, and many of the Fayette and Greene-John A. Sangston. agricultural products, especially four, will take the Armstrong, Indiana, Jefferson, Venango and War. railroad, because of the rapidity of transition, and be- ren-Philip Mechling. cause of the facilities of the railway to be laid from Bread Mercer, Crawford and Erie-Thomas S. Cunning. via South street, to the Delaware, which will afford ham,-re elected. the western products a chea p method of getting to the wharves.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. It may be possible that the Board of Canal Commissioners will regulate the tolls on the railway, so that they City of Philadelphia-Abraham Miller, Wm. H. will exceed those on the canal. This measure, how- Keating, Wm. White, jr. John Weigand, Davis B. Sta. ever, I think, would be injudicious, as regards the Co-cy, Joseph T. Mather, C. P. Holcomb. lumbia line, inasmuch as it would give the Union and County of Philadelphia-Francis J. Harper, John Schuylkill Canals a great advantage, and bring them Rheiner, jr. James Goodman, Peter Rambo, W. H. into a dangerous competition Suppose the railways to Stokes, Lemuel Paynter, Thomas Guirey, Thomas J. be unconnected with any other improvement, but act. Heston. ing merely as a means of conveyance between two Delaware--Samuel Anderson. points, the toll that ought to be charged upon them Chester-Oliver Alison, Wilmer Worthington, Thoshould be about 4' or 41 cents per ton, per mile. If it mas L. Smith, Samuel McCleane. should be necessary to increase the tolls on the railway, Montgomery - John E. Gross, John M. Jones, Joseph in order to cover, in some measure, the excess of ex- | Fornance. penditure made upon them over canals, it would be Bucks—Daniel Boileau, John H Bispham, Christian better to distribute the required increase throughout Bertels, William Watson. the whole line. This would answer a better purpose, Northampton, Wayne and Pike-John Westbrook, and be, by far, the most convenient.

Jedediah Irish, Adam Daniel, Charles E. Weygand. Great exertions are making to have a single track of Lehigh-John Weida, Jesse Grimm. the Columbia Rail road laid by the month of December, Berks-Benjamin Tyson, Jacob U. Snyder, Peter I doubt much whether it can be done. The viaduct Kline, Jr. Adam Schoener. across the Schuylkill is rather backward, and without Schuylkill-Charles Frailey. its completion, the road will be of little use.

Lancaster-John Strohm, Levin H. Jackson, Jacob The portage is in a fair way, and I hope to have the Erb, James Patterson, William Noble, Frederick Hippleasure of passing over it with a train of cars in a few ple. weeks. We have been very unfortunate with our iron.

Lebanon-David Mitchel. A large portion of that lost off Cape Henlopen, has not

Dauphin-William Ayres, Jacob Hoffman. yet been supplied, and any delay which may occur with

York-John R. Donnell, Henry Snyder, Wm. Mc. us, will be owing to that circumstance.

But, nil des. Clellan. perandum, the iron will come, and if God's willing, anı!

Adams-Thadeus Stephens, James Patterson. the weather's fair, I can assure our friends that we will

Franklin-William S. McDowell, T. Hartley Crawopen the compaign, in form, in the spring, with steam

ford. hissing, cars rattling, horses smoking, and nine cheers Cumberland - Michael Cocklin, Samuel McKeehan. from honest hearts, for good old Pennsylvania."

Perry-John Johnston.
Pittsburg Gazette.

Northumberland-Albe C. Barrett.
Mifflin and Juniata-Andrew Bratton, William Sha-

ron.

PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE, 1833—4.

Union-Robert P. Maclay, Simon Shaffer,

Columbia-Isaac Kline.
SENATE.

Luzerne-Albert G Brodhead, Ziba Bennet.

Lycoming, Potter and McKean-Geo, Crawford, WilCity of Philadelphia— William Boyd, David S. Has- liam Piatt, jr. singer.

Centre and Clearfield-Henry Barnhart, Alexander County do.-Joseph Taylor, Samuel Breck, George Irwin. N. Baker.

Susquehanna-Bela Jones. Chester & Delaware-William Jackson, Geo. w. Bradford and Tioga-Samuel W. Morris, Lockwood Smith.

Smith. Montgomery - John Matheys.

Bedford-Thomas B. McElwee, Samuel M. BarcBucks-William T. Rogers.'

lay.

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