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1833.)

PHILADELPHIA COUNTY-OFFICIAL.

261

CANDIDATES.

N. Liberties.

op Unincorporated N. ...

spring Garden. Penn Township.

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Gerinantown.

East Kensington.

West Kensington.

Oxford.

Lower Dublin.
En Byberry, Moreland, &
che Bristol

.
Kingsessing
de Blockley.

e Moyamensing

Southwark,

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Total.

SENATOR.
Geo. N. Baker, 1965 93 904 164 148 420 142 233 262 85 197 166 83 518 1218 116 6720
James Hanna, 1328 47 655 59 189 334 155 147 228 103 147 156 45 188 901 73 4755
Joshua Johnson,

22
25 0 0 0 0 84 11 0 11 1 1 1 13 0 170!

ASSEMBLY.
Frs. J. Harper,

1883 86 879 171 154 463 153 224 265 84 204 169 87 527 1221 119 6689 J. Rheiner, jr. 1847 92 871 158 153 456 146 227 268 84 198 168 87 531. 1223 119 6628 Jas. Goodman, 1780 87 863 163 151 459 146 218 262 84 199 169 87 525 1219 118 6530 Peter Rambo, 1822 91 875 170 154 462 147 218 255 84 196 168 87 529 1219 119 6596 W. H. Stokes, 1855 90 873 170 154 472 145 224 266 82 180 168 87 532 1222 119 6639 L. Paynter, 1873 91 874 171 154 462 145 224 269 84 198 168 87 531 1220 119 66701 Thomas Guirey, 1840 91 867 170 152 458 146 219 266 84 195 166 87 509 1214 114 6578 Thomas J. Heston,1891 91 873 169 151 461 146 223 270 84 190 173 87 529 1220 119 6677

Benj. Matthias, 1468 48 703 63 186 288 152 145 230 109 154 157 51 174
John Thompson,p.1495 48 700 63 186 287 148 149 229 108 154 157 50 174
Wm. Fitler, 1416 48 696 61 186 286 147 143 233 106 149 154 45 178
John Wister, jr. 1428 48 694 61 185 282 150 146 230 107 150 152 45 174
Joseph Plankinton,1399 48 694 60 185 286 152 146 224 106 146 153 45 17+
Joseph Trasel, 1429 48 693 62 185 287 149 141 227 109 135 148 47 173
T. M. Hubbell, 1377 48 693 61 185 286 150 145 226 106 149 152 45 192
J. H. Gibbon, 1402 49 695 62 186 286 154 146 224 106 171 148 45 176

919 70 49171 499 70 4518 920 70 4838 920 70 4842 919 70 4807 919 70 4822 923 69 4807 917 70 4837

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Thomas Earle,
37 0

0 98 14

8 1 0 2 17 201 James Gregory, 1

0 100 15

8 1
0 15

190 Charles Springer, 26 1

0 101 14

8 1
2 13

1901 William Lancaster, 25 2 23

0 101 15

7
2 16

1931 Edward Vansant, 26 1 23 0

0 101 15

58 1
2 13

240 John Thompson,

0
0 0 0

0

o 425 425 Scattering,

1 11
0 0 0

7 0 6 25

AUDI TOR. Dr. Jos. Moore, 1874 90 858 161 138 398 145 209 265 80 207 163 88 528 1210 119 6538 Wm. J. Bedlock, 1369 49 702 63 193 342 148 116 219 108 133 153 45 177 895 69 4781 George Brewer, 49 0

27 0

0 0 137 14 0 6 1 1 3 14 0 252 J. Thompson, (S) 60 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 3

1 3 0 0 0 Scattering,

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1

COUNTY COMMISSIONER. Wm. Ruff, 1905 86 867 139 155 406 150 333 270 86 230 174 86 547 1263 121 6820 Jacob Gardner, 1428 52 732 97 192 337 149 138 235 107 133 151 51 162 873 67 4904

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STEAMBOAT NAVIGATION,

to such increased importations, as go to swell the receipt The undersignedd Committee appointed at a meeting dition of national prosperity as we now find ourselves,

at the Treasury to still greater amounts. In such a conof the citizens of Harrisburg, Pa., report the following what direction does common sense cay shall be given to ADDRESS

our surplus funds? What course does public opinion point TO THE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES.

out? It is plain and unerring. It has been evinced upon

every occasion, where the voice of the people has been Acting under the instructions of a meeting of the citi. heard. It has by legislative action, become part of the zens of Harrisburg, at which the undersigned were de. law of the land. To the construction of works of Inter. puted for the purpose, we respectfully ask your atten- nal Improvement. If the bonds cemented by the blood tion to a few remarks, upon a work of great national of our fathers, have become relaxed by the effects of importance. The construction of a sloop and steam sectional prosperity or sectional adversity—the true poboat navigation from the Ocean to the Lakes by way of licy of every lover of his country will be to aid in every the Susquehanna. We have reached an important cri- measure which tends to equalize the advantages which sis in our national bistory. The United States are free lead to the former,and neutralize the disadvantages which from debt; an immense and increasing revenue is at our grow out of the latter. The only way to do this effectdisposal. It is useless to say, that this revenue will be ually, is to bring remote sections together-to give an lessened by reductions in the Tariff; experience has impulse to the great arteries of our political system, by shown that reduction in rates of duties on imports lead I which the general health may be preserved and main

tained. The chain of immense inland seas, upon our Congress the means at its disposal? The treasury is northern frontier, which undoubtedly will become at on overflowing-absolutely overflowing. Is not the work very distant day, the nucleus of a population even supe. practicable? What currents in the Susquehanna can rior in numbers to the fairest portion of modern Europe, compare with the Long Sault, or with the most insigni. having unfortunately no outlet within our borders, must ficant rapid of the Uttiwas, that have been overcome by of necessity, first claim the attention of the nation. The the Rideau canal before alluded to? immense importance of a sloop and steamboat connex. The Susquehanna has been professionally examined, ion with the Atlantic, is seen at a glance. By the silent and in two instances the improvement thereof pronouncbut rapid steps of a rival power, in the improvement of ed to be within the means and power of the operations the noble outlet of the St. Lawrence, England having of a single state. The surplus revenue of the general the entire control thereof, may, at the approach of ano- government, for a single year, will, it is supposed, be ther war, suddenly concentrate the smaller vessels of amply sufficient for the construction of this great naher navy, in such numbers, as to throw into the Lakes tional work. The money expended in the conveyance a force sufficient to sweep the stripes and stars from of troops, ordinance, &c. to the lakes, during the late Ontario to Superior. It is, perhaps, not generally conflict with Great Britain, would have completed it. known that by means of the Rideau and Welland canals, It is needless, fellow citizens, to waste words upon the St. Lawrence furnishes a ready communication be- this subject. We conceive that its importance must tween the chain of lakes and the Ocean. Ships of the strike every patriot and friend of his country, and his larger class can approach as far as Montreal; from country's interest, with peculiar force; we wish to rouse thence a canal seventy feet wide and within ten feet of the general attention of the citizens of the United States water, for the special conveyance of steamboats and and exoite a general action. There is not a city nor a sloops, in conjunction with a slack water navigation en. hamlet-a county nor a township, within the wide tirely within the Canadian territory, leads directly to ranges of the waters of the northern lakes; upon the Lake Ontario. Our transportation upon the Lakes will extensive and various ramifications of the branches of ere long be chiefly performed, by means of the splen- the Susquehanna and the Delaware-the Potomac and did steamboats which are already fast supplanting every the Chesapeake, but would have most substantial reaother mode of conveyance; with nothing to defend these sons to bless the day, when this great work was accombut an occasional revenue cutter, they will become the plished. We earnestly desire every one to speak out-easy prey of a sudden invasion and furnishing transports to memorialize Congress upon this subject, urging the for the armies of an enemy, move them with rapidity, immediate commencememt of the work, by an order for from point to point, and thus easily subjugate the coun- surveys and estimates. There is no time to be lost-let try. Does not the want of such a communication with the people speak--they must be heard, and in a counthe Ocean within our own territory, invite aggression? try and under a government like ours, their will obeyed, Does it not become our statesmen to look to it? How Valentine Hummel, John C. Bucher, could there be imagined a firmer safeguard than an im: Joel Bailey,

Henry Crangle, mediate and direct steamboat communication with

Henry Buehler,

Dr. A. S. Dean, Hampton roads, a central harbor so nobly fortified—the Henry K. Strong, naval establishments at Gosport-at Washington, and Geo. W. Harris,

John Geiger,

Samuel Pool. (through the Delaware and Chesapeake canal,) with

Henry Walters,

Peter Brua, that at Philadelphia. A communication so direct and

Frederick Kelker,

Obed Fahnestock, safe, that considering the infancy of steam power, and

Divid Krause,

William Duck, the improvements making every day, it is quite proba- Frederick Heisely, Charles C. Rawn, ble, that sloops, men, and munitions of war, could be Jacob M. Haldeman, Mordecai M'Kinney, safely conveyed from the Ocean to the Lakes in two or Daniel Stine, three days. But it is not for warlike uses that the great. est benefits will flow from this important work-whe. ther the Canadas remain as now, the provinces of a rival of the citizens of Harrisburg, Pa. to draft a petition to

The undersigned committee, appointed at a meeting power, or form a part of our great confederacy, the ad- Congress, on the subject of a steamboat navigation from vantage of a connexion with the southern states, and a the Atlantic to the Lakes; report the following southern outlet to the trade of the lakes are so great as to be incalculable. The alluvial formation of Virginia.

MEMORIAL. the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida, is so favorable to to the Hon, the Senate and House of Representatives, of the construction of rail roads and canals, that such communications are already projectel, as will permanently

the Congress of the United States. unite and connect every principal point of the Atlantic The petition of the subscribers, citizens of Pennsyl. division of those states; a connexion of these improre. vania, respectfully represents: ments, with the Attamatox, Nausemond, and Elizabetli; That the various internal improvements, which have southern extension of James river, or with works con- been constructed, and which are in the course of exenecting therewith, will form a bond of internal commu- cution, in many sections of our country, have naturally nication from one extremity of the Union to the other, directed the attention of the public to this important so firm and beneficial in its nature, that one universal means of improving the condition of the citizens of this flow of prosperity will hush forever the crimes of disu- Union. The canals and rail roads, and improvements nion and secession. But it is not alone the states of the by slack water, which have already been constructed, Atlantic frontier, that will be benefitted by this great have in most instances, conferred important benefits national work: by connecting the waters of the Illinois upon the community, within the sphere of their influwith the southern extremity of Lake Michigan, a work ence, The advantages resulting from them, have exalready laid out by the hand of nature, new avenues will cited a desire in many of our fellow citizens, that a porbe opened to the trade of the young and rising states of tion of the funds of the general government, should be the Mississippi and Missouri, which will tend materially applied to similar objects. The extinguishment of the to the general weal.

public debt will soon leave a large amount of money at What argument can be used against the immediate the disposal of Congress. It cannot be desirable that commencement, by government, of the construction of the immense revenue of the government shall remain in a sloop and steamboat navigation from the head of the the treasury, but rather that it should be expended, as tile on the Susquehanna to Sodus bay? Does not con- it arises in a manner most conducive to the public good. gress possess the power to grant appropriations for the Believing that the interest of the public generally,repurposes of internal improvement? It has been decided quires the application of a portion of this revenue, to in hundreds of instances in the affirmative. Has not internal improvements, we submit to the consideration

1833.]

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.

263

of Congress, two projects, which we consider to be! and speedy conveyance to market, and for receiving, in deeply interesting to a large portion of the Union; and return, the various productions of our own and of for. eminently entitled to be considered as national improve. eign lands. The commerce of our western states will ments. These improvements are the construction of a have a passage to market, entirely within the territory Steamboat Navigation, between the seaboard and the of their sister states; and the productions of the great lakes, from the Chesapeake bay, up the Susquehanna west will be secured to our atlantic cities, instead of river, and through the Seneca Lake, and Oswego river passing into the dominions of our rival. The extensive to lake Ontario; and a similar connexion between deposts of anthracite coal, which have as yet been disMichigan lake and the Ullinois river. The construction covered only within the limits of Pennsylvania, and of these improvements affect a circle of inland steam- which exist in immense quantities, along the Susque. boat navigation, of several thousand miles in extent. hanna render the Eastern improvement of great imThey would be highly beneficial to many of the states, portance, to at least one half of the states of the Union. and of immense national importance. The completion This advantage cannot be obtained by effecting the conof the Rideau canal and slack-water navigation, extend- nexion, between the ocean and the lake, through the ing about 270 miles, from Kingston to Montreal, a com. North River. That river moreover is not so central to munication navigable for steamboats and sloups-and of the Union, as the Susquehanna, and the point of con. the Welland canal around the Falls of Niagara, have nexion, with the St. Lawrence, would be greatly ex. not only diverted from our own seaboard, the produc: posed to the enemy, The Rideau and Welland canals, tions of our own territory, but have peculiarly exposed constructed by our Canadian neighbors, are about 300 our Northern frontiers, in the event of a war with Great miles in length. The state of Pennsylvania alone has Britain. Through these improvements, that power will expended, upon her improvements, money in all pro. have the means of concentrating a large naval force bability, sufficient to execute the improvements, now upon the lakes. Some counteracting improvement projected. To the general government, our citizens should be executed, which will enable our own govern- confidently look, for the improvement of the great ment to meet the enemy, in the event of a war; and channels of intercourse, the cost of which is too con. which will also retain the trade of our western states. siderable for the means of the state individually, or The expense of erecting a sufficient number of vessels, which are important to several states; or to the nation necessary in the emergency of war, upon the lakes, generally. Deeming the improvements, now petitioned will be very considerable; and they will be of little use for, as works of a national character, we pray for their in a state of peace. The Susquehanna river affords the execution, with the funds of the nation; and ask that means of effecting such a communication,at an expense, Congress will immediately make an appropriation for by no means considerable, when compared with the im- the purpose; or have such surveys or estimates made mense resources of the general government of the as will enable your honorable bodies to act definitively, practicability of the improvement of the Susquehanna, in relation to them, at the next session, for steamboat navigation, nu question exists. The ex

And we will ever pray, &c. plorations of engineers, under the authority of Penn- Valentine Hummel, John C. Bucher, sylvania and Maryland, establish such practicability, at Joel Baily,

Henry Crangle, a moderate expense, when considered in reference to Henry Buehler,

Dr. A. S. Dean, the magnitude of the improvement. The Susquehanna Henry K. Strong,

John Geiger, affords a sufficiency of water, as far North, as the New Geo. W. Harris,

Samuel Pool, York line-the distance ihence to tide-water, is about Henry Walters,

Peter Brua, three hundred miles. The fall, in this distance, is be- Frederick Kelker,

Obed Fahnestock, tween 7 and 800 feet-about 200 of which is between David Kruse,

William Duck, tide-water and the head of the Conewago Falls, a dis. Frederick Heiseley, Charles C. Rawn, tance of about 57 miles. The Welland canal overcomes Jacob M. Haldeman, Mordecai McKinney. a rise of about 360 feet, in 38 miles. If a slack-water Daniel Stine, navigation cannot be made at a reasonable expense along the whole distance between Middletown and tide, of which however, little doubt exists, a ste:mboat canal

From the Philadelphia Gazette. can readily be made, at such points, as may be neces.

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. siry. No obstacles to improvement by slack water, ex. ists between the Conewago Falls and the New York

Friday evening, October 8, 1833. line. The Seneca lake and the Oswego river, afford The following communication from the Treasurer the means of communication with lake Ontario,--or if of the Girard Trust, was received and laid on the it be considered important, that the improvement should table: be effected entirely within our own territory, a steamboat

Treasurer's office of the Girard Trust. canal may probably be constructed, direct from Geneva to Buffaloe, or the Erie canal enlarged, to answer the To the President and Members of the Select Council. purpose. And as to the Western improvement, but Gentlemen,-1 herewith present to Councils, an aclittle difficulty exists--the summit level between Michi- count of receipts and payinents of the Girard Trust, for gan lake and the Illinois river, being but 124 feet high, the quarter ending on the 30th of September, 1833-by presen's but an inconsiderable obstacle to the execution which you will find that $64,858 44 cents, have been of that part of the project.

received for interest and dividends, on loans and stock, The extent of country interested in these two im- that $15,018 32 cents, have been received for rents of provements, embraces probably more than half of the real estates, during the quarter, and that $29,239 15 Union. No other improvements within our country can cents, has been paid towards the construction of the be projected, which will be so extensively useful. As Girard College; $1650 for annuities; $1279 77 cents a bond of union between the East and the West, the for incidental expenses, including salaries for the offiNorth and the South, they will be of the utmost impor- cers of the Trust; and $12 100 56 cents, for repairs tance. The extensive internal trade, which will Aoat and taxes on real estates during the same period of upon them, will tend to bind together the remote sec- time. The amount of rent due on the last quarter, tions of our country, by the tie of common interest. (from the 1st of April to the 1st of July, is $153 10 In time of war, they will afford the opportunity of con- cents. centrating the national force wherever required; they It is with much pleasure I inform Councils, that under will ameliorate, and in a great degree tend to equalize the very judicious agency, of the real estate, all the the condition of the people in the different sections of houses, vacant lots, and farms, in the city and county of our country, by affording to all, the means of a cheap Philadelphia, belonging to this estate, are rented to

1

good tenants (with few exceptions) and at fair rates, Resolved, tha! the report and resolution be referred and but one house vacant, (of which the city corpora. to the Committee of Ways and Means, with instructions tion have possession (in the whole estate.)

to bring forward an ordinance appropriating $40,000 I have also to inform you, that the Executors of Ste- from the funds of the estate of Stephen Girard, for the phen Girard, passed over to me on the 15th inst.,a cer- specific improvement of the City Property,in accordance tificate for 100 shares of stock in the Philadelphia Ex with the special provisions of the Will. change Company, the par value of which is $10,000. The supplementary ordinance relative to Wills' Hos. All of which is respectfully submitted by your obedient pital was agreed in Common Council, by the casting vote servant,

of the President, so that the choice of the Trustees BRITAIN COOPER, Treasurer. shall devolve upon both Councils in joint ballot. Select On motion of Mr. Wetherill, the Select Council con Council refused to concur and appointed Messrs. Merecurred in a resolution of Common Council, respecting dith and Price a committee of Conference. Common the petition of Samuel Guss, and Messrs. Wetherill Council refused to recede, and appointed Messrs. Toand Lippincott, were appointed a committee on the land and Gilder, a Committee of Conference. The subject.

Committee reported that they could not agree, and the The subjoined communication from the committee ordinance remains unacted upon. on Scott's Legacy, was received and laid on the ta Mr. Chandler offered a resolution that the Library ble:

Committee be instructed to enquire into the expedienTo the Select and Common Councils of Philadelphia.

cy and practicability of preparing a new digest of the The cemmittee charged with the management of the

City Ordinances. Adopted. fund, left by the late John Scott, of Edinburgh, to the relative to the opening of Cherry street, from Schuylkill

Mr. Gilder, called up an item of unfinished business corporation of Philadelphia, for rewarding the authors | 5th street to the river Schuylkili, which was adopted, of useful inventions and improvements, offer the follow- and concurred in by Select Council. ing report:-Premiums have been awarded,

Mr. Chandler offered a resolution that the Market 1. To N. C. Barrabino, M. D. of Philadelphia, for of erecting a new Market House, in the eastern part of

Committee be directed to enquire into the expediency an improvement in the stomach pump-a Medal and the city, and if their opinion be favourable to designate Twenty dollars. 2. To Samuel D. Breed, of Philadelphia, for his dis the place of location. Adopted.

Messrs. Neff, Worrell and Meredith, of the Select covery of the means of cementing leather soals, on the outside of gum elastic or caoutchouc shoes and boots and Messrs. Gilder, Montelius and Lancaster, of the as a substitute for pegging or sewing-a Medal and Common Council

, were appointed a Committee on the

Delaware Avenue. Twenty dollars.

Mr. 'Groves offered the annexed resolution, which was laid on the table.

From the Ravenna, (0.) Courier, Sept. 27. Resolved, That a committee of three members of the

REPORT Select, and three members of the Common Council, be of the Ohio Canal Commissioners to the Legislature of appointed to take into consideration and report on the Ohio, in relation to the Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal, propriety of erecting a depot and Market house on the public square at the intersection of High and Broad this proposed canal, as is within the limits of this state,

The survey and location of so much of the route of streets.

was commenced by Sebried Dodge, Esq. in the month COMMON COUNCILS.

of October, and finished in the month of December last. The President submitted a communication from the From the experience which Mr. Dodge has had, as City Commissioners, enclosing a printed statement of an engineer for three years past in the actual constructheir expenditures and receipts for Market Rents, &c. tion of part of the Ohio canal, as well as from his science during the third quarter of this year, and also of the and intelligence, the Board are warranted in placing expense of new paving and repaving in the middle dis- full confidence in the general correctness of his ex.mi. trict to the 30th inst. Also, an account of the appro. nations, plans, and calculations. The shortness of the priations overdrawn--as follows:-

time employed in these surveys precluded the possibili. Appropriated. Expended. Overdrawn. ty of ascertaining, with minute accuracy, all the topo. No. 3. Cleansing

graphical facts of minor importance connected with the the city $18,000

location. Still, however, enough has been ascertained Received for sales

to determine the practicability of the proposed work, of street dirt 3,400

and to afford data for estimates on its cost, which can

not vary very materially from the truth. 21,400 $30,029 12 $8,269 12 The route within this state has been found fully as fa. No. 4. Docks and

vorable as was anticipated; and it has been ascertained Sewers

$5,000 5,611 38 611 38 beyond doubt that the summit, as well as the lower le. No. 14. City Pro

vels can be abundantly supplied with water. perty

$11,000 34,040 65 23,040 65 Commencing at the village of Akron where the proThe communication was referred to the Committee of posed canal will unite with the Ohio canal in a large Ways and Means.

and commodious basin, the line pursues an eastwardly The President submitted a communication from R.H. direction, crossing the Little Cuyahoga in the village of Smith, City Clerk, enclosing a statement of his receipts Middlebury; thence in a northwesterly direction through for entries of hackney coaches, carts, drays, &c. and the township of Tallmadge, until it approaches near the also of his payments to the City Treasurer for the third main Cuyahoga at the centre of north and south road in quarter of the year. Referred to the Committee of Ways the township of Stow, thence continuing nearly the and Means.

same general course along the south and southeast bark Dr. Huston, from the joint committee to whom was of that river until it passes the village of Franklin, it submitted the resolution relative to appropriating enters the immediate vallay of the Breakneck creek or $40,000 from the Funds of the estate of Stephen Girard south branch of the Cuyahoga, and passing up that ralfor the improvement of City property, reported in fa- ley in an eastwardly course, it crosses the summit bevour of the resolution, and the report was adopted. In tween the waters of the Cuyahoga and Mahoning Select Council the resolution was amended by the fol- Branch of Big Beaver about half a mile southeast of the lowing substitute, which was afterwards adopted by village of Ravenna. The line then descends rapidly inCommon Council.

to the valley of the west branch of the Mahoning river,

1858.)

REPORT OF THE OHIO AND PENNSYLVANIA CANAL COMMISSIONERS.

265

crosses that stream near its southwesterly bend, contiin length, and is sufficient for the supply of the summit nues along its north bank re-crossing that branch and level and the contiguous levels, in ordinary seasons, also the south or main branch, a mile above the junction during more than one half of the year. In the dryest of those streams, then leaving the immediate neighbor. seasons, when the Aow of water is reduced to the least hood of the river, the line pursues an eastwardly course, quantity, it yields about two hundred and forty cubic again approaching the river opposite the village of War- feet per minute. The quantity of water in this stream ren, and thence continues in the immediate valley of the may be considerably increased during dry seasons, by river on the right bank, in a southeastwardly direction using the lake at its head as a reservoir, retaining its to the line between the state of Ohio and Pennsylvania. waters in the wet season and letting them flow in the

Some deep cutting occurs in the swamp near the vil. dry. lage of Middlebury: the whole extent in length which 20. By forming reservoirs of four lakes or ponds near exceeds proper cutting is upwards of a mile—the ave- the summit.—These bodies of water, Muddy Pond, Sanrage depth abuut 124 feet. An embankment of consi- dy Pond, Brady's Lake, and Lake Pippin, may be easiderable magnitude is necessary to sustain the level of ly converted into valuable and convenient reservoirs for the canal across the valley of the Little Cuyahoga in the the supply of the summit and the adjacent levels. The village of Middlebury. The greatest elevation of this two former will contain an area of about two hundred embankment is twenty feet to bottom of canal, the whole and forty acres, when the water is raised to the conwill contain about 34,000 cubic yards.

templated heighth. Water to the depth of twenty feet, The object in view in the location of this part of the or even more, may be accumulated, retained, and drawn line, was to adopt such a level as would preserve a pro off from these ponds for the use of the canal, and conper mediuin between excessive deep cutting on the one ducted into it by means of a feeder of seventy-eight hand, and of too high an embankment on the other; one chains in length. A depth of eight or ten feet of water or both of which difficulties, to a greater or less extent, on the area of Brady's Lake and Lake Pippin, may be it is necessary to encounter.

made available to supply the canal in dry seasons. After leaving the village of Middlebury, the line pass. These two lakes will together contain an area of about es over a tract of uneven and in some places steep side two hundred and seventy acres. The two former ponds ling ground for about one and a half miles, requiring may be filled with water to any desirable height, by some deep cutting and a considerable number of em- conducting a branch of the Breakneck into them by a bankments across ravines or on side hills. The earth is short feeder, and the two latter by means of the proposhowever of a character to be easily removed, and is of a ed feeder from the main Cuyahoga. good quality for canaling.

It is computed, that three hundred and twenty-five Continuing thence northeastwardly, the face of the million cubic feet of water may be reserved for use in country and elevation are remarkably well adapted to these reservoirs, which will admit a uniform fow into make a cheap and safe canal, until the line approaches the canal of upwards of eleven hundred cubic feet per the Cuyahoga in Stow. Between Stow and Franklin, the minute, for two hundred days before it will be exhaustline passes along a side hill sloping northwardly toward ed. the river; in some places steeper than could be desired, 3d. By a feeder from the main Cuyahoga.—The wain others nearly level, or sloping so gently as to present ters of the main Cuyaloga may be conducted into the a very favorable location. This part of the line is inter- summit level of the canal by a feeder of seven miles sected by several ravines, two or three of which are of sixteen chains in length. The quantity of water run. considerable depth, and one, the valley of Plumb creek, ning in the river at the place whence this feeder is to is six chains in breadth, requiring a large embankment. be taken, may be computed at from 2,800 to 3,000 cu.

Near the village of Franklin a small amount of sand bic feet per minute in the dryest season. stone rock excavation will occur. As the slope of the

Although the waters of the main Cuyahoga alone are ground is here very gentle, afforsing an opportunity of choosing the location, a large amount of rock excava. Canal and the lower levels dependant on receiving a

probably sufficient to supply the summit level of the tion may be avoided, although the rock approaches near the surface.

supply from the neighborhood of the summit, still it is It is proposed to cut down the summit near Ravenna,

desirable to draw only so much water from the Cuyahotwenty-seven feet at the highest part of the ridge. The sa as may be absolutely necessary, and to rely as much whole extent of the deep cut at this place will be sixty- sult to the owners of mills, manufactories, and mill pri

Vast injury must resix chains in length, and its average depth below the natural surface seventeen feet and eighty hundredths. vileges, and to the country, to which the water power As the length of the deep cut is not great, and the earth of the Cuyahoga is of incalculable value, from diverting appears favorable for the operation, it is even question. / into any other channel a considerable portion of its waable whether good policy would not require reducing the Ravenna summit, a small supply of water may be

In descending eastwardly, from the summit level still lower. Every foot of reduction obtained from the west branch of the Mahoning, about in the elevation of the summit will of course save double three miles from the summit; and as the canal descends that amount of lockage, will aid the supply of water by the valley of the stream, its accumulated waters, with diminishing the expenditure, and will afford greater fathat which has escaped from the canal by leakage, may cilities for the construction of feeders and reservoirs.

The only difficulties encountered between the summit be brought into the canal. About twenty miles east. level and the state line worthy of notice, are the wash wardly from the sumınit, it is supposed that a feeder banks which the river on one side, and the hill or table from Silver creek, the most durable branch of the Ma. land on the other, render it impossible to avoid. These honing, may be introduced; and at Warren the whole banks necessarily enhance the expense of construction volume of the Mahoning river, in dry seasons, may be and increase the danger to which the canal will be ex

brought into the canal, if desirable.

By an economical and proper use of the means of posed when made. The aggregate length of these banks is not greater than must ever be expected in fol supplying the canal with water, above described, it is lowing the valleys of rivers-nor is their character pe; vert from their natural course any considerable part of

confidently believed that it will not be necessary to diciliarly unfavorable. It is estimated that the united current of the river will be two iniles forty-seven chains the state of Ohio, is as follows: length of hanks requiring to be protected against the the waters of the Covahoga.

The length of the line of this canal, as located within It is proposed to supply the summit level of the canal with water by the following means:

From Akron (Portage Summit 1st. By a Feeder from Breaknecke creek. This stream of the Ohio canal) to Ravenna may be introduced by a feeder of three miles six chains Summit

2 miles 79 chains. Vol. XII.

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