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1833.]

TÁE TRADE OF LAKE ERIE

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the matters referred to us, by your letter of the 3d inst. ceedingly abundant, and well deserves the notice of our Should they not prove sufficiently minute, or our re. citizers. Whether the distressing symptoms described port sufficiently explicit, we must infer from the course in your letter are to be attributed to the four or to pursued by the Board, when our resolutions were sub- some other cause, I will not undertake to determine, mitted to them, that a more exact statement can only but the subject of the adulteration of grain is certainly be obtained, by an agent directly authorised by the very important, not only in domestic economy, but also Executive. We have the honour to be,

in Medical police. With great respect, your obedient servants,

Yours truly,
H. D. GILPIN,

JACOB GREEN,
JOHN T. SULLIVAN,
PETER WAGER,
HUGH M'ELDERY.

From the Pittsburg Gazette.

TUE TRADE OF LAKE ERIE.
DAMAGED FLOUR.

The interesting account of the Mad River Rail Road, The following letters will no doubt be interesting to following paragraph, which we think, merits or requires

which we published yesterday, commenced with the some of our readers. Ifthey should have the effect of some commentcalling the attention of the public to the adulterations Owing to the fortunate position of our city by nature, which often occur in our four, a very important object and the aids she has received from art and industry, it will be obtained. - Poulson's Amer. Da. Adv.

happens that almost every improvement that is made in

the interior, whether in this or in the remoter states, TO JACOB GREEN, M. D.

redounds to the benefit of New York. All the canals Professor of Chemistry in Jefferson Medical College. and rail roads that are constructed, do, in effect, by PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 21, 1833.

their connection with existing means of communication, Dear Sir-A friend in the country, whom I visited places of consumption, and of the produce of the coun:

facilitate the conveyance of goods from this city to their yesterday, informed me that on Wednesday last, his try in return. Hence it is, that the people of New York whole family became sick from eating a pudd ng or bread have a direct and palpable interest in giving encourage. made from wheat Hour purchased at a store. The symp. ment to works of internal improvement, far beyond the toms were violent vomiting and nausea which had not local limits of our stale.” gone off yesterday, with some fever, heat in the throat, T'he able editor of the Spectator speaks most comdebility, &c.

Had they had any reason for suspecting placently of the “fortunate position of that city," and that any person desired to injure them, they would have remarks, very truly, indeed, as matters now stand, that thought the four to have been poisoned; but having almost every improvement that is made in “ the intenone such, they were at first inclined to ascribe their rior, redounds to the benefit of New York.” While we sickness to the new paint on a room. The number of admit that this statement is well founded, just now, yet persons attacked was twelve, and none escaped who we must add that the New Yorker does not seem to had eaten the pudding or the bread.

have given to the subject a thorough consideration-he I brought with me a sample of the four. If there is does not seem to have distinctly ascertained why it is any mode of detecting any foreign substance in it with that such improvements as the Mad River Rail Road out much trouble, I would thank you to apply your redound to the advantage of his city. tests upon the small parcel I send you herewith, and Twenty years ago there was no outlet from Lake will be glad to hear the result of your experiments. Erie but the St. Lawrence; had the Mad River Bail Road I am, very respectfully and truly,

and the Ohio Canal been executed at that time, they Your friend and servant,

would, inevitably, have redounded to the advantage of

CONDY RAGUET. Montreal and Quebec, because they were situated on Professor Jacob GREEN.

the best route of communication with the Ocean,and the

trade of the Lake would have pursued that route. The TO CONDY RAGUET, ESQ.

New Yorkers, however, actuated by that shrewd and

enterprizing spirit which characterizes them, have made PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 24, 1833.

a better outlet-an outlet which is more direct, and Dear Sir

situated in a more southern latitude, and which is open I have carefully examined the wheat four you sent several weeks earlier and later, every year, than the me last Saturday; and which seems to have produced St. Lawrence, and which, on these accounts, is prefersuch noxious effects in the family of your friend. I able. could not detect in it any mineral poison, which might Lake Erie is one great reservoir for the reception, have occasioned the symptoms which you have describ- not only of the waters which are conducted to it by ed in your letter. From the odour and general appear. streams and canals, but also, of the immense amount of ance of the flour, I should pronounce it unfit for mak- produce which is conveyed to it, either by the natural ing a wholesome and nutritious bread. The wheat, it or artificial routes of conveyance.

Here all this pro. is well known, is sometimes infected with a disease duce, the amount of which is already very large, and which converts the farinaceous part of the seed into a which must increase with the increase of population and black powder, which often imparts injurious qualities to of the facilities of transportation, is collected togetlier, the bread. Upon scrutinizing the Hour with a micro- as a noble prize, worthy of the emulation and enterscope, I noticed a considerable quantity of a dark pow- prize of the wealthy cities which are in a position to der. Whether our wheat is liable to the disease called contend for it. Here it is, all collected in one great the black and the brown rust, and whether the pow. mass, and seems to cry out to the cities of Philadelphia, der just noticed be this del terious substance, I have New York, and Baltimore, "win me and wear me,-not determined. What is called spurred rye, or secule which ever city opens to me the smoothest and pleascornutum, is a disease common to several graminiferous antest road to the Ocean will secure me. I am growing plants—perhaps the wheat flour in question may con so large that this little Lake will soon be too narrow tain this poison. The late Dr. Wollaston notices the and contracted for me-open, then, your various routes case of a family of eight persons, in England, who were of communication, and I will at once choose that which much injured by eating damaged wheat,-grain infect is best, and eagerly pursue my way to the broad Ated with secale cornutum. The darnel, a pernicious ex. lantic.” otic, now naturalized with us, also injures our wheat New York at present has the best channel of passage, flour. The quantity of spur in our grain this year is ex- 'and of course this great trade seeks this route, not be

cause nature has given that city advantages over Phila- in the short space of eight years, from fifty thousand to delphia, in the struggle for it, but because New York- two millions, and the importations from one hundred ers have been more enterprizing. Nature, indeed, and thirty-iwo thousand six hundred and forty-five dol. has given Philadelphia precisely the same advantage lars, to four millions seven hundred thousand dollars! over New York which the latter city possesses over What a commentary is this upon the value of internal Montreal and Quebec, viz. a longer summer, and long improvements and the resources of this young but flour. er continued navigableness of its waters.

ishing country! It speaks volumes in favor of the grow. Cleaveland harbor is open sererul weeks earlier in the ing importance and value of this trade. It forms, howspring than Buffalo. This is a decisive advantage gi- ever, when compared with the aggregute business of the ven to Philadelphia as a boon from nature. Let the Lake, and the upper Lakes, which are constantly puuring capitalists of that city, then, complete a communication in their rich treasures upon her bosom, but an item of the from Pittsburg to the harbor, at the mouth of the Cuy: vast amount. This trade, which has been so rapidly aug. akoga, and this immense trade will at once be secured menting, has, as yet, no settled route, or established to Philadelphia, simply because produce may, by that market. Hence arises the anxiety of the different states route, be afloat on the Atlantic, before it can be stowed to secure, while practicable, the golden harvest.' away in a canal boat at Buffalo. Complete this connexion, and then the Philadelphia editors may, with

From the United States Gazette. great truth,adopt the language of the New York editors, and say, that "every improvement in the interior re. IMPROVED ECONOMY OF THE STEAM ENdounds to the advantage of” Philadelphia.

GINE.

It is well known that for some time past the effective TRADE OF CLEVELAND.

power of steam engines, instead of being estimated by

horse power, (30,000 pounds raised one foot high in a The following extracts from the Cleaveland Herald, minute,) bas, especially in England been measured by merit the most serious attention of the citizens of Phil. the weight which the engine would raise to the height adelphia, and of Pittsburg, and Pennsylvania. Having of a foot during the consumption of a bushel of bitulately devoted so much of our columns to this subject, minous coal. The engine of Watt, which, in its day we will not run the risk of tiring the patience of our was doubtless regarded, as nearly perfect, was under readers, and submit these extracts, without further then existing arrangements, capable of raising on an comment.- Pitt. Gazelte.

average about 19 8-10 millions of pounds to that height.

The improvement of Woolf, which consisted mainly in “ Western Trade. --The great increase of commerce employing in one cylinder, steam of a greatly increason these Lakes, is beginning to excite the attention of ed elasticity above that used by Watt, and then allowing the citizens of New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland. it to expand in a second cylinder until reduced to atIt is but a short time since, that vessels of any descrip. mospheric pressure, gave at once a notable increase tion, -sailed Lake Erie; and, but a few years since the of the efficancy of a given quantity of fuel. The nature first steamboat entered our harbor. But how great and and effects of expansion were long ago demonstrated important has been the change since that period. Now, by Robinson, yet their application seems but recently the Lake is white with canvass-steamboats of any num to have been successfully combined with other improveber, and of the largest class, finished in the first style, ad. ments to attain the maximum effect of fuel. minister to the comfort and accommodation of the com In the number of the Repertory of Patent Inventions munity. The amount of business done upon the Lake, for August, 1833, there is an interesting account of until within a few years past, was so inconsiderable, that some experiments and observations made by Mr. E. it excited little or no interest in the public mind. The Galloway, upon one of those celebrated engines in construction, however, of the Ohio canal, and the open. Cornwall, which have for some years past been the sub. ing of other avenues of commerce, have given an impe-ject of monthly inspection and report. The engine of tus to business, and opened a new field of enterprize, Wilson at Wheel Town was selected for the trial, and that have produced results which, while they have been the result was, that in six hours and five minutes, the fully realized by our own citizens, are beginning to be engine consumed ten bushels of coal, and raised 1255 duly appreciated by those of other states."

millions of pounds one foot high or 125+ millions of "The resources of the west are but partially devel. pounds to the bushel of coal. Hence the improvoped--the country is new, and but sparsely populated; ed Cornish engine performs about 64 times as much and, if such important advantages have been already work by the consumption of a bushel of coal as realized, what may we anticipate for the future. In the engine of Bolton and Watt. The foregoing data the year 1825, the number of vessels which arrived at enables us readily to convert the Cornish standard into this port, was 75. Of these, 21 were steamboats. The horse power. value of the articles exported that year, amounted to Mr. Galloway refers this vast increase of efficiency to only 50, 166 dollars—imports, 132,645. Business con- five principal causes. tinued gradually but slowly to increase until the year First-The form of the Cornish boilers is cylindrical 1829, when the produce of the Ohio canal gave it a instead of wagon shaped as in the Bolton and Watt confresh stimulus. The result of that year exhibits an instruction-and there is a central tube for the fire-a crease over the preceding of more than one hundred passage below for the return gas, and then two others per cent. The number of vessels which arrived that along the side for repassing to the back end of the boilseason was 314. Of these, 90 were steamboats, ander where the chimney is placed. the residue sloops and schooners. The amount of pro Second-The management of the fire itself which is perty exported, was $222.000; that imported,$568,000. large and thick-the fire doors left partly open, and the The subsequent year, 1830, exhibits a corresponding coals being dusted on the top-but the fire never stirincrease. The number of arrivals was 775; and the red or stoked except about once in 24 hours to remove business in proportion. Last year, the value of commoclinkers. dities exported, may be a million and a half; and that Third—The use of steam of high pressure say 50 imported, at two. The number of arrivals at 1,070; of pounds to the square inch, cutting off the communicathese, 470 were steamboats. From the transactions of tion between the boiler and cylinder after 1-5 or 1-4 of the present year, up to the middle of last month, the the stroke, and allowing the steam to act expansively value of exportations, the present season, may be esti- through the rest of the course. mated at about two millions; and importations at four Fourth-In covering or clothing the boilers, steam millions seven hundred thousand dollars. Thus, it will be pipes, steam chests, and cylinder with a non-conducting seen, that the value of our exportations has increased, I substance, such as straw or saw dust-where steam on

1833.)

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.

213

ly can be in contact with the iron, and a mixture of clay Judge Hummel, Henry Crangle, and straw where it is exposed to the action of fire. Joel Baily,

John C. Bucher, Fifth-Suspending the action of the piston at the Henry Buehler,

Dr. A. S. Dean, completion of the stroke and allowing time for the per- Henry K Strong,

John Geiger, fect condensation of the steam in the cylinder before George W. Harris,

Samuel Pool, making the returning stroke.

Henry Walters,

Peter Brua,
By the first and second of the above improvements Frederick Kelker, Obed Fahnestock,
Mr. H. ascertained that the 19 8-10 millions of the David Krause,

William Duck, Watt engine were increased to 34 2-10 millions. By Frederick Heisley, Charles C. Rawn, the fourth or the addition of clothing to the engine, &c. Jacob M. Halderman,

Mordecai M'Kinney, the power added was 344 million, making thus far Daniel Stine, 1158, and by the temporary suspension of the motion to

Resolved, that the President of this meeting shall complete the vacuum, he computed that 1.10 of the have authority to supply any vacancies that may occur whole duty on 11 6.10 was added which would swell in said committee. the total amount to 127 millions or a very little more Resolved, that the proceedings of this meeting, sign. than he found by actual trial.

W. R. J.

ed by the officers thereof, be published in all the news. papers of Harrisburg and elsewhere, friendly to the

projects in view, or to giving the same publicity. STEAMBOAT NAVIGATION OF THE SUSQUE

VALENTINE HUMMEL, President,
HANNA RIVER,

JOEL BAILY,
HENRI BOEHLER,

Vice Presidents. In pursuance of a public call the people inity, hienopy to Attest

, Charlecom Reigney,} Secretaries. the measure of petitioning Congress for the construction of a steamboat navigation from the Chesapeake to the Lakes, up the Susquehanna river; a large and highly

From the Philadelphia Gazette. respectable portion of the citizens aforesaid, assembled

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. at the Court House, in said borough of Harrisburg, on

SELECT COUNCIL. Friday evening, the 20th of September, ultimo.

Thursday Evening, Sept. 19, 1833. Judge HOMMEL was chosen President, Major Joel Baily, Col. Henry Buehler, Vice Presidents, Charles C. Mr. Lippincott moved to proceed to the consideration Rawn, and Mordecai M'Kinney, Esqrs. were appointed of an Ordinance relative to Will's Hospital. ConsideSecretaries.

rable debate was had on the subject, as to whether Mr. George W. Harris, Esq. recurring to the object of the blind and lame of the colored population, as well as

Wills designed the Hospital to be devoted to the use of the meeting went

into a lucid detail of facts, relative to the white,—Mr. Massey contending that it included both the practicability of accomplishing the proposed object; whites and blacks, and Messrs. Toland, Groves, and an improvement; he concluded by proposing the fol- others opposing such a construction of the

testament. lowing resolutions, which being read, were seconded, The orlinance finally passed the Select Council, and

was amended in Common Council, but not returned. and unanimously adopted.

Mr. Toland moved the consideration of an ordinance Resolved, as the sense of this meeting, That a steam from the Common Council relative to time keepers in boat navigation through the Susquehanna river, be the city. Considerable debate was had on the subject, tween the Chesapeake and the Lakes, is a project deep- Mr. Groves

desired information respecting the public ly interesting, not only to the interior of Pennsylvania, utility of the measure, and was replied to by Messrs. But to the nation at large; and being a national work, Neff, Wetherill, Massey, and others. The ordinance should be executed with the funds of the General Go

was finally passed, as follows: vernment. Resolved, That a similar connexion between the

AN ORDINANCE Michigan lakes and the Illinois river, is also an impor Providing for the regulation of Time-Keepers. tant national enterprise, to the execution of which the

Section 1. Be it ordained and enacted by the citizens means of the nation ought also to be applied.

of Philadelphia, in Select and Common Councils assem. Resolved, That a committee of fifteen persons be bled, That Phillip Garrett, Isaiah Lukens, Ellis Clark, appointed to prepare a memorial to Congress in favor Thomas Voight, H. C. Riggs, and D. Weatherly, watch. of these projects, and to circulate the same for signa- makers of the city of Philadelphia, be and are hereby ture, in such parts of the Union as they may deem ad appointed a committee to be styled "The Observatory visable.

Committee," who shall be empowered to take charge Resolved, that the same committee be directed to of, and direct the means provided by this ordinance, to make a report to the public, in relation to these pro- regulate time-keepers and chronometers. jects, and also, to act as a corresponding committee, Section 2. And be it further ordained and enacted by and that they perform such other duties as may advance the authority aforesaid, That it shall be the duty of the the objects of this meeting.

Observatory Committee, immediately after the passage Henry K. Strong, Esq. addressed the meeting, exhi- of this Ordinance, to make such arrangement with the biting in glowing colors, an interesting relation of nume- managers of the school corporation, as may be requisite rous facts, as to works of a similar character; he showed for the use of their Observatory in Fourth street, and the noble advantages of this improvement in times of for the accommodation of a clock on which the time peace to our trade and the Union, and the still nobler shall be recorded, as hereinafter provided. advantages, which would result to us from such an im. Section 3. And be it further ordained and enacted provement in times of frontier hostilities as enabling us by the authority aforesaid,, That the said Observatory to transport with expedition and advantage, troops and Committee be, and are hereby authorised and directed provisions to their required destination.

to purchase a suitable clock, and provide accommodaThe following named individuals were appointed by tion therefor, on the premises of said school corporation: the President, the Committee referred to in the third Provided, the expense thereof shall not exceed two resolution. The names of the officers of the meeting, hundred dollars; and that the Mayor of the city be auviz. Judge Hummel, Joel Baily, Henry Buehler, Charles thorised to draw his warrant on the city treasurer for G. Rawn, and M. M'Kinney, and Henry K. Strong being payment of said expenditure, upon the requisition of afterwards added to said committee upon motion. the Observatory Committee,

Section 4. And be it further ordained and enacted, Mr. Gilder, from the Building Committee on the Giby the authority aforesaid, That the Observatory Com. rard College, made a report on the subject of the Gi. mittee be, and are hereby authorised to appoint, subject rard estate, accompanied with a letter from M. Gevelot, to the approval of the councils, a person well qualified the artist, in which he stated his inability to procure the for the office, to be styled the "City Astronomer,” and necessary security. The resolution attached to the reallow him a compensation for his services not exceeding port, authorised the Building Committee to contract two hundred dollars per annum, payable quarterly; with M. Gevelot, for the construction of the statue, for and that the Mayor of the city is hereby authorised to the sum of $9000 to be paid when finished; the faithdraw his warrant on the city treasurer for said salary, fulness of the likeness to be judged by three artists, upon the requisition of said committee.

mutually chosen. Adopted and concurred in by Select Section 5. And be it further ordained and enacted, Council. by the authority aforesaid, That it shall be the duty of the city astronomer, at least three times in each week, Select Council, relating to the extension of the culvert

On Motion of Mr. Akin, the item of business from when practicable, to make such observations as will in Mulberry street, to Schuylkill river, was taken up enable him to determine the time, and note the same and enacted. upon such place as may be provided, in legible characters, and to perform such service as may be required by

On motion of Mr. Gilder, the resolutions of Select the Observatory Coinmittee, to enable watchmakers to Council, in relation to Fair Mount Dam, noticed in our

last regulate their time keepers.

report, were taken up, considered, and adopted. Section 6. And be it further ordained and enacted by On motion of Mr. Gilder, the report from Select the authority aforesaid, That it shall be the duty of the Council, in relation to improvements of city property Observatory Committee, so soon as they shall have car. on Schuylkill-published in our last report—was read, ried the provisions of this Ordinance into effect, to make accepted, and approved. a detailed report of their proceedings and arrangements On motion of Mr. Morris, the following ordinance to councils for their approval. Enacted into an Ordinance in the city of Philadelphia, estate, was laken up and passed.

from Select Councils, relating to taxes on the Girard this 19th day of September, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundrell and thirty-three.

AN ORDINANCE
HENRY TROTH,

Relative to the Taxes on the Girard Estates.
President of Common Council.

Section 1. Be it ordained and enacted by the citizens J. R. INGERSOLL,

of Philadelphia, in Select and Common Councils assemPresident of the Select Council.

bled, That from and after the passage of this ordinance, Attest-ROBERT HARE, Jr.

it shall be the duty of the city clerk, annually, to make Clerk of the Common Council.

correct accounts of all taxes and water rents which may Mr. Massey offered a resolution to allow an indemnity the estates of the late Stephen Girard, by virtue of an

be levied, or become due and payable to the city, on to the Mayor, for salary paid to the clerk of the Mayor's ordinance or resolution now in force, or which may court for extra services during the year. The resolu

hereafter be passed for levying taxes or water rents. tion was adopted.

Section .. And be it further ordained and enacted by COMMON COUNCIL.

the authority aforesaid, That upon the amount due to The President submitted a communication from Bri- the city from the said estates, for taxes and water rents, tain Cooper, Esq. Treasurer of the Girard Trust, en.

being duly ascertained, the same shall be paid over to closing a statement of the several funds belonging to the the City Treasurer by the Treasurer of the Girard es. Girard estates, up to the present time as follows:

tates, on orders drawn by the Mayor for the amount

thereof. Balance standing to the credit of the Col

Section 3. And be it further ordained and enacted by lege fund,

$24,048 85

the authority aforesaid, That the taxes and water rents Balance standing to the credit of the fund

aforesaid shall not hereafter be entered in the tax books, for the improvement of the eastern front

nor placed in the hands of collectors of taxes of water of the city, &c.

15,109 57

rents for collection. Balance standing to the credit of the fuel

Enacted into an Ordinance in the city of Philadelphia, fund,

35 32

this 19th day of September, in the year of our Lord, Balance standing to the credit of the re

one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three. siduary fund,

45,622 10

HENRY TROTH,

President of the Common Council. Total amount, $84,815 84

J. R. INGERSOLL,

President of the Select Council. Cash in Bank to the credit of the Trea

Attest-ROBERT HARE, Jr. surer,

9,815 84

Clerk of the Common Council.
Cash loaned (temporary) to the Girard
Bank,

75,000 00

On motion of Mr. Gilder, Common Council proceedTotal amount available,

$84,815 84

ed to the consideration of the ordinance from Select

Council, relating to the government of the Will's HosMr. Gilder, from the Paving Committee, to whom pital, for the Lame and Blind. The ordinance was were referred petitions of citizens, praying that inlets adopted with sundry amendments, and returned to the may be made in certain public sewers, reported the Select Council for their concurrence. following resolutions, which were adopted, and concur Adjourned until next Thursday evening. red in by Select Council.

Resolved, That the City Commissioners, be and they are hereby instructed, to make two inlets in Locust

GAS LIGHTS. street, west side of Tenth, under the direction of the Paving Committee, to connect with the Tenth street ject of Gas Lights, was presented to the last meeting

The following letter from Professor Hare, on the subculvert. Resolved, That the City Commissioners be instructed

of Councils, by Mr. Massey: to make inlets at tbe N. E. and N. W, corners of Sixth Dear Sir,—Having been called upon repeatedly to and Vine streets, under the direction of the Paving sign petitions against the expediency of having the city Committee.

lighted with Gas, which I did not sign because I con

1833. ]

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.

215

ceived them not to be in all respects correct, and having did not recommend the prosecution of gas lighting by been under these circumstances requested by you to them, and as a company seemed disposed to undertake communicate my opinions respecting the project in it, I willingly relinquished the ground, from a conviction question, I conceive myself warranted in yielding to the that it could not prove more economical to employ gas request.

than oil. At that time, cheapness was the only basis in a country copiously and cheaply supplied with bi- upon which the project could receive patronage. I am tuminous coal, of a kind suitable for evolving carburet- | under the impression that the profit which has accrued ted hydrogen of a good quality, and where there is a to the company in New York, has arisen upon a basis large consumption of coke, there may be great economy totally different from that of economy., Fashion, osten in saving, by means of the gas-making process for the tatious rivalry, and convenience, have induced consumpurposes of illumination, the carburetted hydrogen ers to resort to the gas lights, even at a much greater otherwise wasted in coaking; but I question if it be ex expense than that of an equivalent number of lamps. I pedient, or economical, in places where such coal is have been told that there has been much gain in the neither so cheaply, nor so copiously supplied, as to ren sale of the fixtures by the company; respecting these der it profitable to coak it to a large extent. In such facts, I may be incorrectly informed, and possibly more cases, carburretted hydragen for gas lighting, must be accurate information may be in possession of our Coun. made from oil, or the resinous products of the pine. I cils. If not, the truth may be, and no doubt will be know of no other substances which have been, or could reached, before any final decision is made. I should be employed advantageously, and which are at the recommend to have it ascertained how far an accumulto same time, to be procured in sufficient quantity. tion of condensed moisture in the form of ice, especially,

Since oil can be burned in lamps, I have never be has been an obstruction occasionally to gas pipes. lieved that it could be economical to erect gas works to I am sir, with consideration, your ob't servant, obtain light from it. Pitch, tar, and rosin are obtained

ROBERT HARE. by the destruction of forests which are not in the way of being renovated or replaced. If the consumption

SELECT COUNCIL. should increase, the price of these articles might be

Thursday evening, Sept. 26, 1833. much enhanced. I am strongly under the impression from all that I

The following communication from the Indigent Wiknow of gas lighting, that it would be inexpedient for dow's Society, was received, and referred to the Paving

Committee. the corporation of a city to assume the business directly, and upon the whole, for one, I would rather be without To the Select and Common Councils of the City of gas, than endure the inconveniences attending its intro.

Philadelphia. duction.

The memorial of the Managers of the Indigent WiWere the business of lighting the city with gas con- dow and Single Women's Society of the city of Philaceded to a company, it must be evident that there must delphia, respectfully sheweth, arise a monopoly, since two companies cannot well be That in the year eighteen hundred and nineteen, your allowed to compete in the same district. Yet the em- memorialists erected at great expense a house for the ployment of the gas could hardly be optional with per- reception and accommodation of the objects of the sons in trade. If A opens his shop at night, and lights charity for which this Society was instituted, on the it expensively, B, C, and D, his neighbors, in the same north side of Cherry street, between Schuylkill Fifth business, must follow suite, however unwillingly. Mean and Sixth streets, in the city of Philadelphia. 'That at while, if the affairs of the company are badly managed, the time of the erection of the said building, the said an extravagant price, comparatively with oil, may be Cherry street had been surveyed and the level thereof necessary to produce to the stockholders a reasonable in front of the sile of the said house ascertained and profit,

fixed by the proper city authorities, and the building It is not true, as alleged in one of the petitions, that was erected in conformity with the regulations prescribthe gas is as ignitible as gunpowder. Per se it cannot ed by them, and so continued unaltered until the'present be ignited so as to burn or explode, but when mixed year. That in the course of the present year a new rewith atmospheric air, in a proportion no greater, I be. gulation of the said Cherry street has been made, under lieve, than the 30th of the mass, it is in one sense more the authority of your Honorable bodies, in consequence ignitible than gunpowder. With care, a candle might whereof the level of the street in front of the said buildbe safely burned for any length of time in a room strew. ing has been sunk about three feet, and it has been need with gunpowder; but could not without destructive cessary only to repave the street (which your memoriconsequences, be introduced for an instant into a room alists have received notice to do) but also to remove the containing a 30th of its volume of the gas in question. marble steps at the front door, and make considerable By pure carburetted hydrogen, the maximum of ex. alterations in the house, to accommolate it to the preplosive effect would be produced when present in the sent regulations of the street —which cannot be done ratio of one-sixteenth, but an injurious inflammation without considerable expense. might be excited in a mixture containing much less of Your memorialists further represent that the said Sothis inflammable matter.

ciety is a benevolent institution-depending for its supDuring our hot weather, the purity of air and water is port entirely upon the voluntary contributions of the of more than usual importance." At such times the ef. charitable, and that its funds are so small as to be barely fluvia of extensive gas works, must contaminate the air sufficient to defray the necessary current expenses of of the neighborhood to a sensible extent, and in a lesser the institution, and that they have no means whatever degree may widely diminish its salubrity, although its to pay for the above mentioned alterations- unless by an presence may not be perceptible.

appeal to the liberality of the public or of charitable In a yard, at the distance of about half a square from individuals. the gas light establishment at the Masonic Lodge, the They therefore respectfully request your Honorable well water, while perfectly clear and colorless, was per- bodies to take their case into consideration, and grant ceptibly imbued with the well known odour of the pro- them relief by defraying the expense thus necessarily ducts evolved during the generation of gas.

incurred in consequence of this unforeseen alteration of I am not surprised that younger men should be sanguine the street, without any default on the part of your mein their views of this question; I was an advocate for gas morialists. By order of the Board. lighting at one time myself, but my imagination received a

CATHERINE CHEW, 1st Directress, lesson from experience. After an experiment made with E. KEPPELE, Secretary. my assistance by the liberal corporation in the city of New York, I could not conscientiously, and consequently, On motion of Mr. Groves, the report of the committee

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