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the regular and shady woods, “the cattle on a thousand the milling business, as the delay which will necessarily hills," and the frequent farm house of the thrifty hus- be occasioned, until the dams are again erected. Mea. bandman, all combined to fix upon the mind a torcible sures for which, we understand, will be immediately ta. and pleasing impression of prosperity and contentment. ken. The Susquehanna swelling with her hundred tributa With the exception of the piers, the large bridge over ries, wound placidly through the regions that she bless the Wissahiccon, at formerly Paul's now Jones mills, sed, and, passing får below our feet, went “in progress on the Germantown Turnpike, has also been wholly sive majesty” towards the noble Chesapeake. The fra- destroyed; but a passage has fortunately been effected, grant islands that repose on her bosom, and the thick by fording the stream on the lower side of the bridge. shades that skirt her shores, seemed fitting retreats for This bridge was rebuilt only two years since, and we the Naiads of antiquity. Indeed as we viewed the ma- hear that it will again be rendered passable with all posny shades of sylvan beauty that lay before us, we almost sible despatch. expected to see some fair Dryad or uncouth Satyr start We also hear, that two bridges in the vicinity of from out the foliage.

Wise's mills, were likewise floated down, as well as From the heighton which we stood, Marietta presented, about fifty cords of cord-wood, belonging to Mr. Wise, below us, all the illusions of a Panorama. The crowd besides various other articles. ed wharves, and the activity of busy men, pleased the The freshet in the Schuylkill, was scarcely less furi. eye, whilst it furnished convincing proof of the large ous and destructive : and it is said the rise was great. amount of business transacted on our shores, and in our er than was known for many years. Several houses town. Princely possessions of various kinds of mer were inundated at the Falls, and articles of various chandise were resting on the water, and told of the in- descriptions—such as tables, chairs, benches, tubs, &c. exhaustible wealth that stores the interior.

were carried off. A barn, it is stated, swept down from The Canal added not a little to the beauty of the the neighboring hills, was left standing high and dry,in landscape, and associated in the mind, ideas of commer- the middle of the turnpike road, between the Falls and cial importance with quiet beauty. Each one of our Manayunk. The dam across the Schuylkill, in Plycompany professed himself delighted with the ex. mouth township, together with the canal' and 'locks at cursion, and those, who beheld it for the first time, that place, have been injured to such a degree as to were enraptured with the passing loveliness of the close the navigation for some time. The toll-house at view,

the locks, was wholly carried down the stream, but Lancaster county is proverbial for the skilful exacti. again brought to shore, by great exertions, at Spring tude of her agriculture, for the fertility of her soil, and Mill. for the pastoral beauty of her landscapes. And howev. Plymouth Creek, we are likewise informed, rose to an er highly wrought may be the expectations of any one unprecedented height, and destroyed considerable proin reference to their features, we think they will be fulperty in its course—including about fifty tons of bay, ly realized by a visit to Round Top, whence one of the besides roughly handling the bridge on Ridge Road, at most delightful sections of the country will greet his Mr. Brant's Inn, but not in such a degree as to obstruct vision. -Advocate.

the usual travelling.-Germantown Telegraph.

A

GREAT FRESHET.

During the late freshet in the Schuylkill, a frame

building belonging to Samuel Sharpless, near the bridge The heavy rain with which we were viited on Thur's on the turnpike in the lower section of the borough of day night last, (19th) and Friday morning until about Norristown, Aoated against the bridge, and the larger twelve o'clock, has caused a greater rise in the Wissa portion of it was almost instantly swept through the hiccon and other creeks in this neighborhood, than any arch and Aoated in fragments down the stream. other within the recollection of our oldest residents. It number of persons thought that by tearing the remain. is not remembered that the Wissahiccon has ever be. ing portion of the building to pieces as fast as possible, fore been as high within between three and four feet; thereby making a free passage for the water, the bridge and the destruction of property along its banks, has might be saved, as a small part of it only had given consequently been very great. But we are pained to way, and were actively engaged to effect that purpose, be called upon to announce, that a valuable and reso when the remaining portion of the bridge fell, and a repectable citizen of this township, --ANTHONY J. Tuon spectable citizen, who was on the bridge at the time, As, Esq.-has by some fortuitous means, met with a

was precipitated into the current, and immediately diswatery grave,

appeared amidst the stones and earth which closed upon Several other persons, we understanıl, were also very him. He shortly made his appearance a few yards benearly meeting a watery grave; and were rescued only low, having clung to a portion of the building, and was by the great and most hazardous exertions of their carried rapidly down the stream into the Schuylkill, friends.

where he was fortunately rescued by one of the citiLarge quantities of hay and grass floated down, to- zens. He was nearly exhausted, and severely bruised gether with logs, planks, trees of large size, and also a by the falling stones at the bridge. cider.press. Many gardens, fields of wheat, rye, corn, Mr. Jacob Freedly, on Stony Creek, lost property &c. bordering on the stream, were either covered with to the amount of $2,000. Ať Plymouth and Perki. sand and brush-wood, or entirely washed away; and the omen, the loss is said to be great. The farmers on the general havoc along its banks, in many places, is with Neshamony and Pennypack have also met with serious out a parallel.

losses. The large stone bridge at Robinson's mills, on the Ridge Road, is partly destroyed—the south-east end The following statement exhibits only a few of the being swept away—leaving the arches, &c. uninjured, great amount of articles shipped to Philadelphia on the but completely destroying the passage. The board of Union canal from the mouth of the Swatara at Middlemanagers, with praiseworthy alacrity, immediately em town between the months of March and November 1831, ployed hands to effect a passage ; and we are informed

as certified by Mr. Thomas White, the superintendent that the travelling is again uninterrupted. The two of the Union canal and resident at Middletown. large dams of Mr. Robinson, have also been demolished -and of one of them scarcely any remains are observa. ble. The water in the mill, rose to two feet on the second Boards, &c.

12,887,403 feet. floor, and destroyed about four hundred bushels of feed. Shingles,

4,801,920 This, however, is not so severe a loss to the enterprising Stàves,

35,796 proprietors, Messrs. Lee & Co., who extensively pursue Lumber,

65,036 feet,

LUMBER.

1833.]

MISCELLANEOUS.

15

TLOUR AND GRAIN

Hay, &c. floated down in vast quantities, and the torrent Flour, 28,910 barrels.

of water seemed to take every thing in its course. The Wheat, 69,219 bushels.

amount of damage to meadows, mills, milldams, fences Rye, 6,862 do

and fields in flat places is immense and scarcely a bridge Corn, 8,073 do

has escaped without more or less-injury. Among the Oats,

1,888 bush. & 4 tons.

most extensive losses that we have heard of, are the

Mill of Mr. Parry at New Hope, part of which is carried COAL, Bituminous,

away, and about 2,000 Bushels of wheat belonging to 71,030 bushels.

Mr. Thomas the miller.
TRON.

Mr. Carver's Mill in Buckingham near Pineville is Wrought iron, 773 tons, 8cwt. 2 qrs. 19 lb, much damaged. Part of the wood work of the bridge Pigs,

49 do. 5 do, 2 do 17 lb. across Neshamony on the road to Norristown, a small Castings, 235 do. 11 do 2 do 18 lb. bridge on the Philadelphia road at Bridgepoint, the

stone bridge across little Neshamony on the Philadelphia LEATHER.

road 6 miles below Doylestown, are considerably 'injurLeather, 124 tons, 19 cwt. 3 qrs. 12 lb. ed. These are but a few of the articles which came down The Stage came from Easton to this place without the Susquehanna and stopped at the mouth of the Swa- much interruption; but was unable to cross Neshamony tara, and were carried to Philadelphia two years ago. on the Easton Road. It succeeded in getting across at The amount has greatly increased since, and would the Bridge on the York Road. The stage from Philadelquadruple if another communication was opened to the phia was stopped at the same place and remained with city from this point by which the market could be reach the passengers anıl mail at Fretz Valley, until the waas speedily as to go down the river to Baltimore. As ters subsided. It succeeded in getting to Doylestown great as the quantlty of produce is which now stops at about 5 o'clock in the afternoon; but the driver of the the mouth of the Swatara, it is but a small portion com- team which goes on from this place had started about pared to that which floats down the Susquehanna to two hours before. The mail was forwarded express by tide in arks and rafts. To arrest this (rade and divert it Mr. Snyder the Post Master, the passengers being obligto our own metropolis should be the great object of ed to remain.-Doylestown Intel. June 24. Pennsylvanians. Penn. Intel. Susquehanna Trade.—There floated past the vil

DOYLESTOWN, June 11, 1833. lage of Catta wissa, on the North Branch of the Susque

DESTROCTIVE STORM.-One of the most destructive hannah, from the 18th to the 23d of May, 2688 Arks storms, which has ever visited our county, occurred on and 3480 Rafts-Total 6163. If the average be placed Sunday afternoon the 2d inst. passing through several at $400 each, nearly two and a half millions of dollars of the lower townships in this county, and laying waste descended a single branch in the short space of five ever thing over which it passed. We have not learned days.

the extent of it, nor the injury done, but it must be

great. The grain fields over which it passed have been More Destruction.-We have just seen a letter destroyed, and in many places, whole orchards of fruit from Mr. Jenks, one of the county commissioners, who trees are destroyed, in some of which not one was left had been engaged in building a bridge across the Ne- standing, and near Attleborough, we are told it took off shamony, stating

the immense loss to the county in the and destroyed a large body of timber, twisting off huge destruction of bridges, and calling the board together to oaks, and carrying the tops the distance of five hunconsult upon the course to be adopted. We believe dred yards. One individual, whose name we have forthere is but one bridge left entire from the Wolf Bridge gott

had his buildings nearly all destroyed-his loss to the Delaware. The Bridge at Newport is gone blown down or unrooted, and their fences carried off.

is said to be about $500, and a number had their barns That at Hulmeville partly,—the Federal Bridge, and in The extent of the whirlwind was several miles in length fact every one with the exception of the Wolf Bridge and about three hundred yards wide. We cannot give is more or less injured. Mr. Jenks, who had the superintendance of a new one building, has lost all the any estimate of the damage done, but it must be very materials and tools of every kind.-* number of dams great. No lives were lost, although several persons have also been carried away. The dam and mill of Mr. narrowly escaped destruction. Trump, is partly destroyed, with a large quantity of flour and grain. The store house of Anthony Taylor.

Schuylkill County Poor House, Esq. with a large quantity of four, was swept off. We

May 24th, 1833. are told the banks of the Delaware are strewed with The following number of persons were admitted, timber and barrels of flour, and that many of the logs since April 15, 1833, to this day, from each borough and were driven to the Jersey side: such was the force of township, to wit. the current down the Neshamony. At New Hope the

Persons, Males. Females. dam and mill owned by Mr. Benjamin Parry, is partly Orwigsburg, none. destroyed, and with it about 2000 bushels of grain, Pottsville,

18 13

5 owned by Mr. Mordecai Thomas.- Doylestown Dem. Brunswig township,

2

2 Lower Mahantango, do.

4 3

1 GREAT Floon.--About midnight of Thursday last it Manheim,

6

2 commenced raining and continued without much inter- Norwegian,

11

5 mission until about 10 o'clock on Friday morning. Af- Wayne,

4

3 ter day. light it appeared to come down in torrents, Upper Mahantango,

1 which caused the streams in this vicinity to swell to an Pinegrove,

1 unprecedented height. About 12 o'clock the Nesha- Schuylkill, none. mony, where the Philadelphia Road crosses it, 2 miles Rush, none. below Doylestown, was higher than at any former period West Penn, none. within the recollection of the oldest inhabitants. The Barry, none. arches of the large stone bridge were filled within a few Union, none. inches of the top and the food swept with great fury around the Eastern abutment, filling the first floor of Total,

49 30 the mill, and completely inundating the shops which Seven are out-door paupers-22 are natives, or Am. stand between the road and the stream, Rails, logs, erican-23 foreigners—12 Irish, 3 English, 1 Welsh, 3

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19

Germang—2 persons of color, of whom 1 died. Diso administration, partook of a dinner at Harding's, at charged, 10. BENJ. BECKER, Steward,

which in the absence of the Hon. John Sergeant, Ma.

thew Carey, Esq. presided. Aurora Borealis.-We mentioned on Saturday morning, the appearance of an Aurora Borealis, on the pre

The Independent Democratic Citizens of the county, ceding evening. After that paragraph was written, the phenomenon assumed a new shape, and drew into the dined at Kockersperger's Hotel, near Bush hill, where streets many thousand people with upturned visages. Bela Badger, Esq. presided. The Declaration of Inde. The broad blaze of the Aurora having the usual sesempendence was read by C. J. Wolbert, Esq. blance of a fine summer morning a few minutes before sunrise, extending from east to west, its greatest lati

The Society of Cincinnati, as usual, met and dined tude in the north about 25 degrees; it was considerably together. mottled by broken clouds that rested on that side of the horizon, but still its light was strong and beautiful.

There were numerous other assemblages for the About ten o'clock a white flimsy ribbon shaped band purpose of celebrating the day, of which we have not shot up from the south east, and extended in a semicir. the particulars. We understand orations were delivercular shape, quite across the horizon, reaching the Au; ed by G. M. Dallas, Antony Laussat, Geo. L. Ashmead rora Borealis at the north-western edge. The band was about three degrees wide and transparent, and be and Robert F. Conrad, Esqs. fore it was covered by a cloud, its centre rested some 4 But the most interesting and important event, in its or 5 degrees south of our zenith. -Philad’a. U. S. Gaz. consequences, was the celebration of laying the corner

RATTLESNAKES.—Two rattlesnakes have recently been stone of the Girard College, at Peel Hall. On the 3nd killed in Robinson township, Berks county, having each of June, ground was broken; and the excavation for 23 rattles.

the foundation having been completed, the Mayor, AlTue Canal.- We learn that a large breach was made dermen, Members of Councils, and the different Comin the canal at New Hope, by the late food, and that, mittees, &c. connected with the Girard Trust, together in some other places, large quantities of dirt has been with a large collection of citizens, attended at an early washed into it. -Doylestown Democrat.

hour, on the fourth instant. Precisely at meridian the STEAM ENGINE.— The North American Company,

ceremony commenced, and after depositing the corner we understand, have received a steam engine which is stone, which was a large block of hewn marble, in its to be employed in their mining operations, being the place at the north east corner of the proposed building, second introduced for this purpose into the coal region a very chaste and appropriate address was delivered by of this neighborhood. The result of the experiment Nicholas Biddle, Esq. President of the Trustees, which will be interesting to all, and we trust, advantageous to the Company.--Potterille.

we hope hereafter to be enabled to present to our rea..

ders, together with some further details of the day. Af. The Crawford Messenger says: "The fish in Conneant ter partaking of a cold collation prepared for the occaLake are said to be dying in great numbers—the shores of the Lake are represented as being "white with sion, the company dispersed. Among the articles dethem."

posited in the corner stone, was a remarkably good like.

ness of Mr. Girard, cut upon a piece of very white mar. Coal MINE ON FIRE.— The singular spectacle of a ble, by a lad apparently about fifteen years of age; coal vein on fire, is to be seen in the neighborhood of his name is D. G. Wilson. The extraordinary talent Port Carbon, at no great distance from the Schuylkill Valley Rail-road. it is supposed that fire was commu- in this way, thus manifested, excited the attention nicated to the coal vein some years ago, since which it of the company, and a general opinion seemed to prehas been in a state of ignition, smoke having been seen vail that it ought to be developed more fully by suitable at different periods issuing from the ground in various places. The fire is distinctly visible from the surface of encouragement and opportunities. the ground by means of a shaft. — Miners Journal.

The city was unusually quiet all day, and we have

heard of no unpleasant occurrences. THE REGISTER.

PHILADELPHIA, JULY 6, 1833.

The following is the section of the act passed April 9th,

"to abolish imprisonment for debt," which went into The fourth instant was celebrated in this city, with operation on the fourth instant. less military parade thari usual, but the observance of Section 4th. “And be it enacted, &c. That from and the day was not however neglected. “ The Philadel. after the passage of this act, no person shall be impriphia Association for Celebrating the Fourth of July, soned for any debt or sum of money, due on contract, without distinction of party, formed a procession at the contracted from and after the fourth of July next, where Adelphi, and passed up Fifth to Chesnut, up Chesnut to the debt demanded, or judgment obtained, is less than Seventh, up Seventh to Arch, and down Arch to the Se five dollars and thirty-four cents, exclusive of costs." cond Presbyterian church, corner of Third street, where after prayer by the Rev. Mr. Breckenbridge, an oration was delivered by J.M.Scott, Esq. Several pieces of music

Printed every SATURDAY MORNING by WILLIAM F. GED

DES, No. 9 Library Street, Philadelphia; where, and at the PUB. were also performed. From the church, the Association LICATION OFFICE, NO. 17 FRANKLIN PLACE, subscriptions returned by a different route to the Adelphi to dine.

will be thankfully received. Price FIVE DOLLARS per annua,

payable annually by subecribers residing in or near the city, or The friends of the American System and of the city where there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance.

HAZARD'S REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OY USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOI.. XII.-NO. 2.

PHILADELPHIA, JULY 13, 1833.

NO. 289.

From the United States Gazette.

Samuel Badger,

Joseph Burden, LAYING THE CORNER STONE OF THE GIRARD Peter Christian,

Jonathan K. Hassinger, COLLEGE FOR ORPHANS.

William Duane,

and The Committee of City Councils appointed to super

Joseph Watson,

Michael W. Ash. intend the building of the GIRARD COLLEGE FOF OR

Select Council. PRANS, having completed their preliminary arrange.

Joseph R. Ingersoll, President. ments, determined to lay the corner stone of that edi.

Daniel Groves,

Henry Toland, fice, dedicated to the public good, on the anniversary Joshua Lippincott,

John P. Wetherill, of the nation's independence. Notices were therefore Manuel Eyre,

John R. Neff, issued to all the city officers, members of Councils and

Charles Massey, Jr.

Lawrence Lewis, and many other citizens, to join in the interesting ceremo

Joseph Worrell,

Dennis M'Credy. nies.

Common Council. On Thursday l-st, the 4th instant, in compliance with special or general invitations, between 11 o'clock A. M.

Henry Troth, President. and noon, a large concourse of citizens assembled at the John Gilder,

Robert M‘Mullin, site of the College, and in due time the committee of Samuel V. Merrick, John J. Borie, arrangements called the people to order, and the work Ephraim Haines,

John Maitland, which constituted the attraction of the occasion com Henry Sailor,

Samuel P. Wetherill, menced. The immense block of marble called the Joseph R. Chandler, Isaac Elliott, corner stone, was raised by means of sheers, and lower James Gowen,

Thomas W. Morris, ed into its appointed place. The architect, Thomas U. Robert M. Houston, Jobn Byerly, Walters, and the superintendent, Jacob Souders, an Joseph Aken,

David Lapsley, Jr. nounced that it was in its proper position. The deposits Joseph B. Smith,

and were then made, and a large slab of marble was placed Benjamin H. Yarnall, Robert Toland, upon the corner stone, and the two carefully cemented.

Trustees of the College. The architect then announced to the building commit.

Nicholas Biddle, President. tee that the corner stone of the College was duly placed. John Gilder, Esq. chairman of the building committee,

John Swift,

Charles Bird, announced in an appropriate manner the completion of

Joseph R. Ingersoll, Joseph MʻIlvaine, the work to the city authorities, and to the trustees of llenry Troth,

George W. Toland, the college. Mr. Gilder then made the following an George B. Wood,

John M. Keagy, nunciation to the citizens.

Thomas M‘Euen,

William M. Meredith,

William H. Keating, We have deposited in this corner stone a copy of the

Algernon S. Roberts, Richard Price,

John Steele, will of Stephen Girard, the coins of the United States,

Benjamin W. Richards,

and one 5 and one 10 dollar note of Stephen Girard's Bank,

Thomas Dunlap,

John C, Stocker. bearing his signature; the newspapers of the day, and a scroll containing the following

George Wolf, Governor of the state of Pennsylva. INSCRIPTION:

nia.

Andrew Jackson, President of the United States. This Corner Stone of the Girard College for Orphans was laid on the 4th day of July, 1833, at meridian, in the 24th day of May, 1750; his first landing in the

Stephen Girard was born at Bordeaux, in France, on presence of the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen, the Select and Common Councils of the City of Philadelphia, and United States was at the port of New York; the seat of the Trustees of the Girard College for Orphans, by the his residence and successful enterprizes was the city of

Philadelphia, where he died on the 26th day of DecemBuilding Committee, consisting of

ber, 1831, devising, for the benefit of society, the most John Gilder, Chairman,

splendid donation that philanthropy had ever devoted. Joshua Lippincott,

John Byerly,

This College, a portion of the beneficence of Stephen John R. Neff,

Ephraim Haines, Girard, for the education of poor male orphans, was enDennis McCredy,

and

dowed by him with two millions of dollars. Joseph Worrell,

Samuel V. Merrick,

When the work was completed, and the completion The architect, Thomas U. Walters, and the general formally announced, the company listened with admirasuperintendent, Jacob Souder; Findley Highlands being tion to the following superintendent of the marble work, and John P. Binns,

ADDRESS, clerk of the works.

BY NICHOLAS BIDDLE, Esq.
Corporation of the city of Philadelphia.
Mayor,

Recorder,

Chairman of the Trustees of the Girard College for OrJohn Swift,

phans, pronounced by request of the Building ComAldermen.

mittee, on the occasion of laying the corner stone of Robert Wharton,

John Binns,

the edifice, July 4th, 1833. John Inskeep,

William Milnor,

Fellow CITIZENS:- We have now witnessed the Andrew Pettit,

Thomas McKean, laying of Vie corner stone of the Girard College for Or. George Bartram,

Andrew Geyer,

phans. That stone, simple, massive and enduring, fit VOL. XII.

3

| Joseph Becordine.

emblem of the structure to be reared from it, and of the in impelling and regulating the multiplied occupations man whose name it bears, has been deposited in its final of which he was the centre,-- whose very relaxation was resting place. The earth received it. To-morrow the only variety of labor, he passed from youth to manhood earth will cover it. Ours are the last eyes which shall anci finally to extreme old age, the same unchanged, unlook upon it, and hereafter it will lie in its silent repose, varying model of judicious and successful enterprize. unmoved by all the revolutions of the changing world At length, men began to gaze with wonder on this mys. above it.

terious being, who, without any of the ordinary stimuAnd yet from out that depth is to rise the spirit which lants to exertion, urged by neither his own wants, nor may more influence the destiny of ourselves and our lhe wants of others, with riches already beyond the children, than all else the world now contains. The hopes of avarice, yet persevered in this unceasing seed that has been planted is of the tree of knowledge scheme of accumulation; and possessing so much, strove -that growth which gives to existence all that renders to possess more as anxiously as if he possessed nothing: it attractive-flowers for our early youth-fruits in ma. They did not know that under this cold exterior, and turer life, and shelter for declining years. It is that aloof in that stern solitude of his mind, with all that knowledge, which trampling down in its progress the seeming indifference to the workl and the world's opindominion of brutal force, and giving to intellect its just ions, he still felt the deepest sympathy for human afflicascendency, has at length become the master power of tion, and nursed a stronger, yet a far nobler and wiser the world. No people can now be distinguished or ambition to benefit mankind, than ever animated the prosperous, or truly great, but by the diffusion of know. most devoted follower of that world's applause. His jedge—and in the stirring competition of the roused death first revealed, that all this accumulation of his laspirits of our time, the first glory and the highest suc borious and prolonged existence, was to be the inhericess must be assigned to the best educated nation. If tance of us and of our children,--that for our and their this be true in our relations abroad, it is far more true at comfort, the city of his adoption was to be improved home. Our institutions have boldly ventured to place and embellished, and above all, that for their advancethe whole power of our country in the hands of the ment in science, and in morals, were to be dedicated people at large, freed from all the great restraints which the fruits of bis long years of toil. in oiher countries were deemed necessary. In doing It required the self-denial of no common mind, to reth's, their reliance is entirely on the general intelligence sist the temptation of being himself the witness and the and education of the community, without whiclı, such administrator of this bounty, and to have abstained from institutions can have neither permanence nor value. enjoying the applause of his grateful countrymen, who Their brilliant success has hitherto justified that confi- would have acknowledged with affectionate respect, dence, but as our population becomes concentrated into the benefits whicn they derived from him. Yet even denser masses, with more excited passions and keener this secret and prospective munificence must have had wants, the corrective influence of instruction becomes its charm for a mind like his; and we may well imagine daily more essential. The education then of the people, that the deep and retired stillness of his spirit was often which elsewhere is desirable or useful, becomes with soothed with the visions of the lasting good, and perus essential to the enjoyment, as well as to the safety of haps, loo, of the posthumous glory, which he was preour institutions. Our general equality of rights would paring Such contemplations he might well indulge, be unavailing without the intelligence to understand for to few have they been so fully realized. From the and to defend them--our general equality of power moment that foundation stone touched the earth, the would be dangerous, if it enabled an ignorant mass to name of Girard was beyond the reach of oblivion. triumph by numerical force over the superior intelli. From this hour, that name is destined to survive to the gence which it envied-our universal right to political latest posterity, and while letters and the arts exist, he distinction, unless the people are qualified for it by ed. will be cited as the man who, with a generous spirit ucation, becomes a mere abstraction, exciting only an and a sagacious foresight, bequeathed, for the improve. abortive ambition. While therefore, to be uneducated ment of his fellow men, the accumulated earnings of and ignorant, is in other countries a private misfortune, his life. He will be remembered in all future times by in ours it is a public wrong; and the great object to the emphatic title with which he chose to be designated which statesmen should direct their efforts is to ele- and with which he commences his will--a title by vate the standard of public instruction to the level, which we ourselves may proudly recognize him as the high table land- of our institutions. It is thus that "Stephen Girard of the city of Philadelphia, in the this day has been appropriately chosen for the present commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Merchant and Marisolemnity.

ner”-the author of a more munificent act of enlightIt is fií that the anniversary of that day when our an- ened charity than was ever performed by any other cestors laid the broad foundation of our public liberties human being. -on that day when our coutrymen, throughout this His, will indeed be the most durable basis of all 'huprosperous empire, are enjoying the blessings which man distinction--a wise benevolence in the cause of these institutions confer, -we, in our sphere of duty, letters. The ordinary charity which feeds or clothes should comm nce this great work, so eminently adapt the distressed, estimable as it is, relieves only the phy. ed to secure and perpetuate them.

sical wants of the sufferer. But the enlightened bene. This truth no inan felt with a deeper conviction than ficence which looks deeper into the wants of our na-. our distinguished fellow citizen, whose history, and ture—which not merely prolongs existence, but renders whose design in founding this institution, may aptly oc. that existence a blessing, by pouring into these recesses cupy, for a few moments, our attention.

of sorrow the radiance of moral and intellectual culti. of these, now that the tomb has dissipated all the il vation- this it is which forms the world's truest benelusion which once surrounded them, we can speak with factor, and confers the most enduring of all fame. His the impartiality of history; and here, on this chosen glory is the more secure, because the very objects of spot, the scene of his future fame, we may freely bestow that benevolence are enabled to repay with fame, the on his memory the homage which his unassuming nature kindness which sustains them. would have shunned while living:

It is not unreasonable to conjecture that in all future We all remember, and most of us knew him. Plain times, there will probably be in existence many thou. in appearance, simple in manners, frugal in all his sand men who will owe io Girard the greatest of all habits, his long life was one unbroken succession of in. blessings, a virtuous education; men who will have tense and untiring industry. Wealthy, yet without in- been rescued from want and perhaps from vice, and dulging in the ordinary luxuries which wealth may pro- armed with power to rise to wealth and distinction. cure-a stranger to the social circle-indifferent to poli. Among them will be found some of the best educated tical distinction—with no apparent enjoyment except I citizens, accomplished scholars, intelligent mechanics,

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