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From the Otsego Lake the Susquehanna flows in a The courses of the Susquehanna and of the Tioga, southerly direction for about 20 miles, then turns to from their heads to the point of junction, lie entirely in the southwest, and at the end of 20 miles more receives the secondary formation, north and west of the great the Unadilla, After continuing the same course for mountain range which we have heretofore described as about 10 miles, it suddenly turns to the south and en the Allegheny. Their valleys thus far are distinctly ters Pennsylvania, at what is properly called the Great marked by the characteristics of that formation. The Bend. Turning again to the northwest it again enters streams themselves are gentle, without falls or rapids, New York, and assuming a course about west by south, and skirted by rich alluvial bottoms, affording great finally enters Pennsylvania three miles above Tioga profit to the farmer. Their banks abound also with Point, where it receives the Tioga river.

timber of the first quality. A very large proportion of The Great Bend is remarkable as the point where the the lumber and agricuıltural produce which annually deDelaware and Susquehanna approach nearest to each scend the Susquehanna, are supplied from these reothet—the former making a great curve to the west, gions. and the latter to the east-so that the distance between Shortly after receiving the Tioga, the Susquehanna them in a right line does not exceed 15 miles, Above commences its passage through the Allegheny moun. and below the Great Bend, there is a singular parallel- tain, and its entrance into the transition formation. As ism betweon the course of the two rivers, which seems to the precise point where this is effected, there seems to indicate that the same obstacles interposed by the to be some difference of opinion, though all agree in mountains have diverted them from pursuing a right line placing it between Towanda and Tunkbannock. Be. to the ocean. Compare, for example, the Delaware iween the former place and the mouth of the Lackafrom the north line of the state to Carpenter's Point, wannock, a marked change is observable in the characwith the Susquehanna from Tioga Point to the mouth ter of the river. Its shores have become frequently of the Lackawanna. Both run south east, and preserve a rugged and mountainous with only occasional strips of uniform distance. At Carpenter's Point, and at the alluvial land--and it is evident, that the Susquehanna has mouth of Lackawanna, which stand on nearly the same commenced its struggle with the great mountain ranges parallel of latitude, the rivers make an abrupt bend to which continue to oppose its passage throughout the the southwest-which course the Delaware pursues to rest of its course. the Water Gap, and the Susquehanna to Northumber- Just above the mouth of the Lackawanock, the river berland. At these points respectively, they turn to the breaks through the mountain which forms the western south, and keep that course until one reaches the mouth boundary of the Wyoming Valley. From that point to of Durbam creek, and the other the mouth of the Juni. the Nanticoke Falls, 18 miles below, it continues to ata. From the mouth of Juniata to the head of the flow in that beautiful valley. At Nanticoke it breaks Chesapeake Bay, the course of the Susquehanna is out through the same mountain which it has already south east, and parallel to that of the Delaware between passed, and which it again overcomes about eight miles Durham and Bordentown. At Bordentown, the Dela-lower down. It is difficult to account for this singular ware having entered the alluvial ground of the sea and apparently useless freak of the otherwise dignified coast, and being released from those obstacles which and onward Susquehanna. It looks like the mere impede the Susquehanna, to its very mouth, chooses wantonness of conscious strength, a sort of Sam Patch its own path, and assumes a southwest course, converg- ambition to show that some things may be done as well ing towards the Susquehanna, which is continued to a

as others. point two miles below New Castle, where it loses itself in Delaware Bay, At this point the distance in a The Wyoming Valley, one of the great deposits of right line to the Susquehanna, does not exceed 25 anthracite coal, follows the Susquehanna from Nantimiles—and next to that of the Great Bend, it is the coke Falls north eastward, to the mouth of the Lakanearest approach which the two make. At intermedi- I wanna, a distance of 18 miles. It then leaves the

river ate points their distance apart is generally from 60 to 70 and follows the course of the Lakawanna, to near its miles and in some places amounts to 90 or 100 miles. head a distance of probably 40 miles. Throughout this We have been thus particular in comparing the courses

whole range of 58 miles, coal is found in the greatest

abundance. of the two rivers, at the expense of some departure

At Wilkesbarre, Kingston, Pittston, and from regular order, because a knowledge of such things Carbondale, it is extensively worked. is indispensably necessary to a proper understanding of

From Nanticoke Falls, the river pursues a W. S. W. the great communications of the country. Most of the course, through a part of what we have described as important roads and other improvements have been re

the Central mountainous region, to Northumberland, gulated in some degree by these facts. At Tioga Point, where it receives the West Branch-a stream nearly the Susquehanna is increased in volume by the acces

equal to itself in magnitude. At Nanticoke occurs the sion of the Tioga—a river almost equal to itself in moment struct the navigation. It is caused by the rocky base

first falls of any importance, or which seriously obnitude and interest. The main branch of Tioga has its rise in Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, and on the wes

of the mountain which the river has broken through. tern slope of the Great Allegheny mountain. Its head It has nothing, however, of the cataract character, and

At waters interlock with those of Lycoming and Pine in higlı water is easily passed in arks and rafts. creek, tributaries of the west branch, and of the Towan. Berwick again, something like a full occurs, but in geda, a tributary of the north branch, which we have re. neral, the current of the river above Northumberland is garded as the main Susquehanna. An immense deposit gentle, and its channel safe, when compared with what of bituminous coal, with its usual accompaniment of it is below. salt springs, distinguishes the region in which these

In our next we shall describe the West Branch, and streams take their rise. A desire to bring this mineral follow the main river to its mouth. to market, has given rise to a number of projects for canals and rail roads in the northern part of the state.

No. 11. The Tioga at its source, is distant in a right line to the Susquehanna at Towanda, about 25 miles. The Our last having been occupied with an examination nature of the intervening ground, however, forbids a di- of the North and main branch of the Susquehanna, from rect course. For 40 or 45 miles it flows nearly north, its various sources to Northumberland, we proceed to a to the Painted Post in the state of New York, where it similar inquiry in reference to the West Branch. receives the Canisteo and Conhocton, two important The head springs of the West Branch are in the tributaries, which drain the counties of Steuben and Al-county of Cambria, on the west side of the Allegheny legheny, in that state; it then pursues a course east by mountain. Its course is at first north and north east, south till it reaches Pennsylvania, and joins the Susque. I parallel to that ridge, through Cambria and Clearfield hanna at Tioga Point about 15 miles above Towanda. counties, till it enters Lycoming, and receives the Sin

nemahoning, an important tributary from the north. I least for any useful purposes of trade. It was ascertain. Soon after receiving the Sinnemahoning it turns to the ed that though such a communication might be made, south east, so as to impinge at right angles upon the still it could not be so supplied with water as to answer line of the Allegheny mountain, with which it comes in the purposes of the great trade between the east and the contact a short distance above the mouth of the Bald west. From the surveys thus made, embracing the whole Eagle, or about 75 miles above Northumberland. Ha dividing ground between the eastern and western waving broken through this obstacle, it pursues an easter- ters, from about the middle of Cambria county, to the ly course inclining to North, for about 30 miles parallel north line of the state, nearly all our knowledge of the to an important spur of the Allegheny, called Muncy topozraphy of that region is derived. Hill, which latter it finally breaks near the village of Pennsborough, forming at the pass the Muncy Ripples. been compiled from county surveys, very carelessly

The published maps are far from accarate, having Here the river, weary of its long struggle with natural made, and founded probably upon conjectures as much impediments, turns abruptly to the south, and taking as upon actual observation. Some of the facts elicited the most direct route to the ocean, joins the North by the surveys made under the direction of the canal Branch at Northumberland, 25 miles below Pennsbo-commissioners, are well worthy of notice. rough. The most important tributaries of the West Branch the waters of the Atlantic and of the Gulf of Mexico,lies

The lowest known summit in Pennsylvania between are Lycoming, Loyalsock, Pine creek, and Sinnemahoning, which it receives from the north, and the Bald in the northeastern part of Indiana county, at the head Eagle and Clearfield creeks, which enter from the south. I of Cushing creek, one of the head springs of the West The valleys of the Bald Eagle and Loyalsock are dis- Branch, and divides that stream from Two-lick, a branch tinguished for natural fertility and productive cultivar of the Conemaugh. This dividing ground is probably tion. The valley of the

West Branch itself, below Pine (speaking from recollection without the opportunity of Creek, and a number of small lateral valleys communi: referring to documents) about 500 feet lower than the cating with it, in Union, Northumberland, and Lycom, this summit and to another between Sinnemahoning and

Allegheny mountain at its most depressed point. To ing counties, constitute to our eye, the most beautiful and Clarion river, the hopes of those who expected a com. attractive portion of the state. limestone of the finest quality, and it presents bottom plete navigable communication through the state, were lands which almost vie in exterit and depth of soil with

principally directed. those of Kentucky. The worst we know of it are the

By the surveys made of the last named summit, it names which have been given to the valleys referred to.

was ascertained that the waters of the Clarion river, taWhat think our readers of Nippanose valley, white ken out a few miles above its forks, and where the Deer hole valley, Musquito valley, Dry valley, and stream is quite copious at all seasons, might be carried Black-hole valley? Would they be led to expect from across it with the aid of an inconsiderable tunnel. But such unpromising names a land flowing with the boun- such was the circuitous route by which a feeder must be ties of nature. Is there no “commodity of good names” brought, and such the expense of its construction, that for our friends of the region bounding on the West the project was necessarily abandoned. Judge Geddes Branch? The principal depots for this rich section of in his report on this survey, states a singular fact, that country are Lewisburg, otherwise called Derrstown, an enterprising emigrant some years ago, ascended the Milton, Pennsborough, and Williamsport. If any one Portage branch of the Sinnemahoning in his canoe to will examine our daily list of arrivals at the Fair Mount its head, and with the aid of his hoe, succeeded in conlocks, he will see how large a proportion of the wheat, necting it with a small stream running towards the Alrye, flour and whiskey, received in Philadelphia, comes legheny. The same thing might occur at other points from these places, and he may forn a tolerable idea of of the dividing ridge, where the head springs of the Al. the importance of the region referred to.

legheny and of the Susquehanna streams lie within a Danville, in Columbia county, is also a depot for a few yards of each other. At the head of Bennet's branch portion of Northumberland and Lycoming.

The of the Sinnemahoning is an extensive marsh called Flag Loyalsock valley finds its outlet at Berwick, on the Swamp, from which, in wet seasons, the water flows North Branch, which latter supplies the coal districts of both ways, and where,at such seasons, the summit might the Lehigh with the necessaries of life. Pottsville and easily be passed by a canoe. This point is remarkable the adjacent region receive a similar supply from the as probably the only one in Pennsylvania where the country we have described on the West Branch. Beaver may be found. Every where else they have

Above the mouth of Pine creek, the valleys of the been driven out by the approach of human footsteps. West Branch and of its tributaries assume an entirely in the same region a few elks still remain. These two different character. It is decidedly the least settled, circumstances indicate that the wilderness character of and with a few exceptions, the least promising section the region has been fully preserved. of the state. The general aspect of the country is wild,

The following extracts from the report of Judge rugged, and inhospitable, and it must be years before Geddes upon his survey of the West Branch and Sin. any thing like a dense population can be gathered to it. nemahoning will give a just idea of the character of Its chief dependence must be on the bituminous coal those streams. which is found there in great abundance. Occasional Speaking of the Sinnemahoning he says: spots nevertheless occur, which will fully repay the agriculturist, whenever a cheap communication with a tains are found along the stream, sometimes very narrow,

“Margins of arable land bosomed among the mounmarket shall be opened. The circumstance that the West Branch has its rise venturous mountaineer to set a house on.

but seldom too narrow, or too circumscribed for the ad

Instead of west of the Allegheny mountain, gave to that stream roads, they on the water with their canoes, convey ev. great interest and importance during the period when ery thing. 'If a wagon is found on some of the best Pennsylvania was preparing to embark in her great farms, it was brought there by water and is destined scheme of internal improvements, and while the route of to move only on the ground of the owner, or perhaps to the canals remained undecided. As the dividing ridge be- his next neighbor. À pack horse path has been made tween the West Branch and the waters of the Allegheny through the whole of this seventy-one miles, and the was known to be lower than the Allegheny mountain, canal line is run on the same side, always crossing the which separates the Juniata from the Conemaugh, it stream with the path. At very many of the narrows, was hoped it might admit of a complete water commu- the same side of the stream cannot be occupied by both nication between Philarlelphia and Pittsburg. ject so interesting was not abandoned until the most la- the whole water course.

An ob- the road and the canal; a width for both would fill up borious investigation decided on its impracticability, at I road, and one for carriages too, would be indispen

A canal being made here a




sable, and it must be made on the opposite side from the during the earlier part of the Revolutionary war, at this canal, and at a great expense.”

time had ventured to occupy a cabin at the distance of Of the West Branch he says

several miles from any settlement. One morning in “Another unlooked for character in the West May, 1781, having sent his youngest children out to a Branch, is there being deep still water at the foot of all field at a considerable distance from the house, he be. the high rocky precipices, which have their bases wash they were working, armed as usual with a good rifle.

came uneasy about them, and repaired to the spot where ed by the stream; throwing the canal consequently into while sitting upon the fence, and giving some directions the river bed. The stream here, has made its way as to their work, he observed two Indians on the other along the valleys among the mountains, and not across side of the field, gazing earnestly upon the party. He their course as below Northumberland, and no rocks instantly called to the children to make their escape, run across the bottom to the opposite shore. Where the river runs at the steep mountain's base, a section of odds were greatly against him, as in addition to other

while he should attempt to cover their retreat. The the earth would show the same degree of steepness, be circumstances; he was nearly seventy years of age, and low the water's surface, that is seen above it; the bottom of course unable to contend with his enemies in run. being a formation from the disintegrated rocks above. ning. The house was more than a mile distant, but the At one place the wall to support the canal along the children having two hundred yards the start, and the face of the rocks, would be based in water thirteen being effectually covered by their father, were soon so feet deep. The depth of the water and the height of far in front, that the Indians turned their attention en. the flood-line will, in some places, require a wall full

tirely to the old man. He ran for several hundred thirty feet high. Below Sunbury, a contrary feature is uniformly found perceiving that he would be overtaken, he fairly turned

yards with an activity which astonished himself, but to prevail; the river runs across the ranges of mountains, and having passed over low places in them, has woods through which they were running were very

at bay, and prepared for a strenuous resistance. The carried away all that was soluble; the rocks remaining thin, and consisted almost entirely of small trees, behind make rapids and shallow water opposite all the narrows.

which it was difficult to obtain proper shelter. When This character of the Susquehanna continues not only Morgan adopted the above mentioned resolution, he to the mouth of Juniata, but to tide."

had just passed a large walnut tree, which stood like a The Pennsylvania system of internal improvement patriarch among the sapplings which surrounded it, and embraces a canal along the West Branch from North it became necessary to run back about ten steps in or. umberland to the mouth of Bald Eagle creek. This will der to regain it. The Indians became startled at the afford an outlet to the Iron of Centre, I.ycoming, and sudden advance of the fugitive, and were compelled to Union counties, which exists in immense quantities, and halt among a cluster of sapplings, where they anxiously is of excellent quality. The southern counties of New strove to shelter themselves. This, however, was imYork are at this time supplied with iron from the same possible, and Morgan, who was an excellent marksman, region. The traffic is carried on in the winter season, saw enough of one of them to justify him in risking a by means of sleds, which come in, loaded with salt, and shot. His enemy instantly fell, mortally wounded. The take back a return cargo of iron. The bituminous coal other Indian taking advantage of Morgan's empty gun, of the West Branch, extending over a large part of Ly sprung from his shelter and advanced rapidly. The coming, Centre, and Clearfield counties, will also con

man having no time to reload his gun, was compelled to stitute an important item in the trade of the canal. Add Ay a second time. The Indian gained rapidly upon to this the agricultural produce of the rich country be. him, and when within twenty steps, fired, but with so tween Pine creek and Northumberland, and there can unsteady an aim that Morgan struck with the butt of his be no reason to doubt that the state will receive a rich gun, and the Indian whirled his tomahawk at one and return for its expenditure on the canal.

the same moment. Both blows took effect-and both "In our next we shall follow the Susquehanna from

were at once wounded and disarmed. The breech of Northumberland to tide-water.

the rifle was broken against the Indian's skull, and the

edge of the tomahawk was shattered against the barrel STATEMENT OF Tolls taken at the State bridge at of the rifle, having cut off two of the fingers of Morgan's Clark's Ferry since its completion, in 1830.

left hand. The Indian then attempted to draw his In 1831, quarter ending January

$1212 06 knife: Morgan grappled him and

bore him to the ground. April,

1045 10 A furious struggle ensued, in which the old man's July,

1348 23 strength failed, and the Indian succeeded in turning October,

808 23 him,-planting his knee on the breast of his enemy,

and yelling loudly, as is usual with them upon any turn Total for 1831,

4,416 62 of fortune; he again felt for his knife in order to termi.

nate the struggle at once-but having lately stolen a In 1832, * quarter ending January,

578 06 woman's apron, and tied it around his waist, his knife April,

783 85 was so much confined, that he had great difficulty in July,

1056 59 finding the handle. Morgan, in the mean time, being October,

740 75

a regular pugilist, according to the custom of Virginia,

and perfectly at home in a ground struggle, took ad. 3159 25

vantage of the awkwardness of the Indian, and got one

of the fingers of his right hand between his teeth. The In 1833, quarter ending January,

906 54 Indian tugged and roared in vain, struggling to extri. April,

898 65 cate it. Morgan held him fast, and began to assist him July,

1203 00 in hunting for the knife. Each seized it at the same mo

ment, the Indian by the blade, and Morgan by the han

3007 19 dle, but with a slight hold. The Indian having the Harrisburg Chronicle.

firmest hold, began to draw the knife further out of its

sheath, when Morgan suddenly giving his finger a fuPERILOUS ADVENTURE.

rious bite, twitched the knife dexterously through his David Morgan, a relation of the celebrated General hand, cutting it severely. Both now sprung to their Daniel Morgan, who had settled upon the Monongahela, feet, Morgan brandishing his adversary's knife, and still

holding his fingers between his teeth. In vain the poor *Note-The bridge was impassable for nearly two Indian struggled to get away-rearing, plunging, and months.

bolting like an unbroken colt. The teeth of the white

man were like a vice, and he at length succeeded in and be assured, that few things could afford me greater giving him a stab in the side. The Indian received it pleasure than being allowed to subscribe myself without falling, the knife having struck. his ribs; but a

Your faithful friend, second blow, aimed at the stomach, proved more effec

WILLIAM H. DE LANCEY. tual, and the savage fell. Morgan thrust the knife, handle, and all, into the cavity of the body, directed up

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, wards, and starting on his feet, made the best of his

July 28, 1833. way home. The neighborhood was quickly alarmed, Rev. and dear Sir,-Our collegiate year having closand hurrying to the spot where the struggle had taken ed, 1 hasten to fulfil the duty of communicating the re. place, they found the first Indian lying where he had solutions unanimously adopted by the members of the fallen-but the second had disappeared, A broad trail Faculty of Arts, on the receipt of your letter to them. of blood, however, conducted to a fallen tree top, with. While the occasion excites the deepest regret, it affords in one hundred yards of the spot, into which the poor me pleasure to be the medium of communication of the fellow had dragged himself, and where he now lay sentiments of respect and esteem of your late col. bleeding, but still alive. - He had plucked the knife leagues. from his wound, and was endeavoring to dress it with "At a meeting of the members of the Faculty of Arts, the apron which had cost him his life, when his enemies June 11, 1833, a letter from the Rev. W. H. De Lancey approached. The love of life appeared still strong with having been read, the following resolutions were unaniin him, however. He greeted them with what was in mously adopted: tended for an insinuating smile, held out his hand, and Resolved, That in justice to their own feelings, the exclaimed in broken English, "how de do. broder! how Faculty must express the sentiments of respect and es. de do! glad to see you!" But, poor fellow, the love teem to which their intercourse with the Provost has was all on his side. Their brotherhood extended only given rise, sentiments first suggested by his amenity of to tomahawking, scalping, and skinning him, all of manners and dignified address, and confirmed by obwhich operations were performed within a few minutes servation of the sterling qualities which the circumafter the meeting-to such an extent had mutual injury stances of the last five years have developed. inflamed both parties. —Sketches of Western Adventure. Resolved, That while engaged in the common pur

pose of establishing in our Institution an elevated sys

tem of Collegiate education, the Faculty bare had From the United States Gazette.

occasion to admire Dr. De Lancey's peculiar qualificaCORRESPONDENCE

tions as a presiding officer, his coolness and decision,

his promptness and energy, tempered always by kind. Between the Rev. William H. DE LANCEY, D. D., ness, in the application of discipline, and that these sen.

late Provost, and the Faculty of Arts, of the Uni- timents of official respect have been accompanied by versity of Pennsylvania.

those of personal regard.

Resolved, That the harmony in the deliberations and PHILADELPHIA, June 8, 1833.

measures of the Faculty, a natural result of community To the Faculty of Arts of the University of Pennsyl- of feeling and purpose, and to which the letter of the vania.

Provost so happily refers, is a subject of reflection highGentlemen,--Having resigned the relation of Profes. ly gratifying to the Faculty. sor and Provost, by which I was associated with your cheri-h a memory of the feelings espressed by the Rev.

Resolved, that the members of the Faculty will body; I feel constrained to take advantage of the oc. Dr. De Lancey,and will find in the continued interest casion of communicating that fact to you, to express the he has pledged, a new incentive to the exertions refersentiments of regret which I cannot but indulge at se, red to by him in such kind and flattering terms. parating from gentlemen with whom I have so long and so harmoniously co-operated in the affairs of the college of duty which has led the Rev. Wim. H. De Lancey to

The members of the Faculty appreciating the sense Although we came together as entire strangers to each other, yet it is peculiarly gratifying to reflect, that dur. resign his office in the University with a view to devote ing the whole period of our intercourse, extending wish him all happiness, and the success which may be

himself exclusively to a spiritual charge, individually through nearly five years, there has not been the slight- expected from zealous and well directed labours. est discord in our counsels or proceedings; all has been peaceful, united, and friendly co-operation, and we now of the Faculty of Arts.

Communicated by request on behalf of the members separate as personal friends. In the arduous and trying duties of my particular sta

In conclusion, I beg you to accept the sentiments of tion, I have received from you all, such uniform mani: respect and esteem with which I am, reverend sir, festations of respect and kindness, and such cordial

Very truly yours,

ALEX. DALLAS BACHE, support, as to convert official gratitude into personal regard, and to superadd to the high opinion which I To Rev. Wm. H. De Lancey, D. D., late Provost of

Secretary of the Faculty of Arts. entertain of your talents, assiduity, and faithfulness, as

the University of Pennsylvania, professors, the higher and stronger sentiments of affection for you as friends. I need not assure you of my continued interest in the States' Engineer Corps, with his assistants, has arrived

NAVIGATION.- Dr. William Howard of the United University. I should do injustice to the College and to the public, as well as to you, did I ever hesitate in ex- the Monongahela river from Pittsburg to Brownsville,

at Pittsburg for the purpose of making a re-survey of pressing my full conviction of your ample ability to sus for the purpose of ascertaining the expense of rendering tain the institution in a high character, if your efforts are it navigable for steam boats at all seasons of the year. seconded by this community in any proportion to your This measure is deemed highly important to Pittsburg zeal and capacity in conducting its instructions and managing its discipline.

as well as to the state generally.-Commercial Herald. I can utter no better wish for my successor, than that SERIOUS ACCIDENT.-It becomes our unpleasant task he may enjoy the same delightful harmony which I have to record a fatal accident which occurred at Nesque. been privileged to share, and may terminate his official honing last evening, August 23d, by which the death of career with as much cordial and valuable friendship as one man was occasioned, and another was badly burt. I have derived from the important station which I have we are informed that Mr. Barber, the engineer, with just resigned.. Accept, gentlemen, my warmest wishes three other men, (miners) were descending the second for your individual welfare, and professional success; inclined plane from the Room Run mines in some empty




Ships. O

cars, when the miners became alarıned at their velocity following extract of a letter from Philadelphia, dated and imprudently undertook to jump out, in doing Sept. 14, 1786, from which it appears that, up to that which, one was precipitated with great violence into a time, there was no regular mail to this place, the inhabigutter which passes under the plane, and so shockingly tants having to depend upon travellers, or upon exbruised and mangled that he died soon after. His presses, sent upon extraordinary occasions. name was Thomas Barrett,

Another miner was severely bruised but the third Extract of a letter from Philadelphia, dated escaped without material injury. Mr. Barber was left

September 14, 1786. to hold the friction brake alone, but succeeded in arresting the progress of the cars at the foot of the plane, orders to establish a post from this place to Pittsburg,

“ Mr. Brison is just returned from New York with and escaped injury entirely.-- Muuch Chunk Courier.

and one from Virginia to Bedford, the two to meet at From the Commercial Herald.

Bedford; from thence one will proceed to Pittsburg. I PennsylvANIA Canal.—Number of boats cleared, blished throughout this state.”Pitts. Gaz.

also understand there will be other internal posts estaon the Delaware division, at Bristol from the 15th to the 22d inst.

COMMERCE OF PAILADELPHIA.- Arrivals at this port, 15th, 25 boats,

Tolls, $44 80

during the months of April, May, June, and July, of 16th, 23 do

do 140 03

the present year. In this statement a considerable num17th, 20 do

do 94 33

ber of vessels engaged in the transportation of wood, 18th, 19 do

do 70 22

coal, and merchandize are not included. 19th, 5 do

do 41 59 20th, 24. do

do 129 52 21st, 18 do

do 63 24 22d, 24 do

do 82 09 158

Arrivals in April,

45 $673 82


220 37 313 May,

8 2 70 230 23 333 June,

8 Passed from Easton during this month up to the 22d

7 61 229 25 330 inst. 305 boats,

July, 14
Toll, $5130 73

3 84 252 54 407 New Hope, 15 do

do 99 07 Bristol, 398 do

41 12 260 931 139 1383 do 1581 16

Total, $6810 96

The largest number of arrivals in any one day, during

that period, was four brigs, thirty-eight schooners, and Total amount of Toll received on this

one sloop,on the 13th May-on the 14th June,the arrivals canal up to the 22d,

$22,792 23

consisted of two ships, one barque, six brigs, sixteen

schooners, and one sloop.Commercial Herald. SCHUYLKILL COAL TRADE.-Despatched during the past week ending 23d inst.

PROGRESS ON JMPROVEMENT IN NEWSPAPERS.-In 158 boats, carrying 6,435 tons.

September, 1325, the Pittsburgh Gazette was issued, 3182 boats (last report) 133,626 tons. weekly, upon a super royal sheet. The form was five

columns wide, as our daily paper is now, and about one 3340


half inch longer than our present daily paper. Then 491 boats,


the paper, coming once a week, was considered large

enough—110w, a sheet of almost precisely the same size, 3831 boats, total, 160,758 tons. coming daily, is, by some, thought rather too small.

Truly the times have changed, and we have changed

with them.-P. Gaz, LEHigh COAL TRAD.--Despatched from Mauch Chunk for the week ending 23d of August

From the Montrose Volunteer. 85 boats, carrying

4,043 tons.

Singular.-The following circumstance has been 1408 former report,


related to us as having lately occurred in the neighbor

hood of Tunkhannock, Luzerne county. We do not 1493 boats, total, 66,049 tons,

vouch for the correctness of the story, though it is said to be strictly true.

A little child begged of its mother a piece of cake, DELAWARE AND Hudson Coal TRADE. —Amount of and on receiving it immediately went out of the house, coal despatched from Honesdale, 50,490 tons.

A short time afterwards, the mother sought the child, From the above statements it will be seen that from whom she found a little way from the house amusing the Pennsylvania mines there have been despatched du itself with feeding the cake to a large rattlesnake. The ring the present season 277,297 tons of coal, which at snake, with its head elevated nearly the height of the six dollars per ton, amounts to one million six hundred child's head, was receiving with much apparent satisand sixty-three thousand seven hundred and eighty- faction from the hands of the unconscious child, the two dollars,

crumbs of cake which it broke off and put it into its

snakeship's mouth. The alarm of the mother, as might REMINISCENCES.- In the 5th number of the 1st volume reasonably be expected, was very great on seeing her of the Pittsburg Gazette, there is a long and well writ- child put its fingers into the mouth of so dangerous a ten article in favor of making Pittsburg the seat of jus creature as the rattlesnake; but retaining a proper tice for a new county, and the inconvenience to which presence of mind, she persuaded the child to come to the inhabitants were subjected by being compelled to her, and then pursued and killed the snake. travel to Greensburg, to attend court as jurors or witnesses, is greatly complained of. In 1788, an act Iron One, AGAIN.-We had occasion once before to was passed, creating the county of Allegheny, but mak- mention the discovery of iron ore of good quality, as ing Allegheny the seat of justice-this, however, was well as of "a plentiful quantity lying along Clearfield soon altered, and Pittsburg was permanently fixed up creek, in this county, and principally on the lands of on in 1791.

Richardson and Campbell, who are engaged in the maIn the Gazette of October 7th, 1786, we noticed the nufacture of Fine Pnoor Bricks; the Fire Clay Clunch:

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