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could easily demonstrate, upon the principles of civil policy, as well as upon those of gospel truth. The man who carries with him to a frontier settlement a cargo of Bibles, and judiciously distributes them, is a richer benefactor to his country, even in a worldly-wise and money-making point of view, than is the man who introduces a new and valuable plant, or establishes a new manufactory. The one is an appeal to our physical, the other to our moral energies. The one sets a few hands to work, the other acts as a purifying and invigorating principle throughout society. The one of ten administers fuel to ambition and to all the evil passions of our natures, while the other represses evil of every description, and is a river of divine love that fertilizes the whole land. While the powers of genius have been employed to embalm the memories of those who have taught their fellow men to plow, and to sow, to erect the furnace and wield the hammer; the names of such men as Daniel Smith, who have carried the bread and the water of life to those who were rea dy to perish, will be engraven upon the portals of glory. And though their memories may rot away in our world of sin, and their labours of love be branded as enthusiasm or folly, yet their deeds are recorded in the archives of ETERNITY. For "I heard a voice from heaven, saying unto me, write, blessed, are the dead which dieth in the Lord from henceforth; yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours, and their works do follow them."
In tracing the lives of such men as was Mr. Smith, it is impossible for us to refrain asking ourselves, what
were their present and ultimate motives? Why all these sacrifices? Why this incurment of danger and risque of life? I well know how those questions are answered by the world, and especially by that part of the community who hate a missionary spirit, because they hate Christ. We are told these missons are engaged in from a want of employment, from a secret love of distinction, or, to make the best of it, from an over-heated enthusiasm, which is as blind as it is ardent. I would ask the persons who reason in this manner, if they have ever taken the trouble to read Missionary journals? Are they personally acquainted with Missionary men? Did they ever see Saml. J. Mills and Daniel Smith? Or do they believe that a disinterested sense of duty, may influence all classes of men except it be christian men? Or do they seriously suppose that a cold selfish emulation lies at the foundation of all human actions? Shall the patriot risque his life a thous and times, and when he has secured his country's liberty, be scornfully told, that there is no such thing as pātriotism; that what is so called, is nothing more than cold-blooded self-love? That he, deserves at last only the praises of an ardent self-lover? Shall the philosopher employ his whole life exploring the arcana of nature, and not be permitted for a moment to indulge the pleasing anticipation that when his bones are rotting in the grave, his labours shall have made his fellow men wiser, and happier, and better? And shall missionary men be denied the influence of such motives? The felicity of still bólier and higher anticipations? The
meed of a gratitude so much warmer as their objects are so much grander?
We have always thought that an opposition to Mis. sionary efforts was the most unfounded and unreasonable. Nor do we believe that any man, no matter what might have been his aversion to religion, could have maintained his opposition in company with the mild, unassuming, polished, intelligent, and pious subject of this memoir, as he presented himself on his first Missionary tour through the west.
Bred, if not in ease, in competency, accustomed from his earliest days to the pursuit of literature, familiarized to the academic shades of one of our eastern colleges, and finally, nursed in one of our most distinguished Theological Schools, Mr. Smith presented himself before the New-England public, with all the flattering prospects, which such a public and such talents and piety as he possessed were calculated to awaken.
But on this subject we will let Mr. Smith speak for himself, We have before us a very interesting journal kept by him, of all the important events which transpired in his life, from a short time before he set out on his Mission, until he was settled pastor of the church at Natches. As it respects his entering on the important Mission with Mr. Mills, he says: "Now an unexpected difficulty arose, which well nigh defeated our plan. The people at the S. Farms parish, in Litchfield, where I bad been preaching for some weeks, loudly remonstrated against my leaving them. They made use of argu ments, and entreaties, and tears, to persuade me to stay. My own convictions of duty did not waver. The
mission appeared to me to be of more importance than the supply of any one parish in christendom. But my friends and fathers in the ministry appeared to think otherwise. It was therefore thought best to deliberate and consult farther upon the subject. The result was, a conclusion from them all that I ought to go. This was a great relief to my mind. For although I did not doubt respecting my own duty, yet to leave the people at S. Farms abruptly and without sufficient reason, 1 feared would do them an injury. This deliberate consultation and unanimous conclusion of judicious and disinterested persons, I hope will set their minds at rest. May the blessed God continue among them the gracious influences of his Spirit."
Thus we see this young man tearing himself from a people who already loved him as their spiritual guide. They shed tears of piety over his departure. His fathers in the ministry seem to think he ought not to go. Still, "the Mission appeared to him to be of more impertance than the supply of any one parish in christendom." Has this young man lost his reason? Or rather, shall not the tongue of opposition be hushed to peace in the presence of such an example?
We delight to follow the footsteps of this young man, and we have no doubt our readers will delight to accompany us. On his way to the west we find him at Burlington, New-Jersey, in company with his fellow labourer, Mr. Mills. "We called (says he) on Dr. Boudinot, to converse with him on the formation of a National Bible Society." It will not be forgotten that this was in August, 1814, about 16 months before the American Bi
ble Society was formed. And what an interesting group have we here assembled in consultation? The venerable hero of the American Revolution, and the ornament of the judicial tribunals of New-Jersey; the sage and experienced Mr. Mills, who devoted the whole of his life projecting and executing schemes of christian benevolence; and the young Mr. Smith, who had just bid farewell to his friends and all the fascinations of ease and civilized life, to travel through the cheerless forests of the west. And are all these men fascinated with a shadow? Does such a man as judge Boudinot, blessed with the rich experience of more than half a century of active life, and the eagle-eyed observation of the most eventful period our world ever witnessed, sacrifice his $10,000 at the shrine of a phantom? Will such a man connect his name with folly, and glory more in being called the father of the American Bible Society, than in being one of the heroes of the American Revolution? Was such a man as S. J. Mills mistaken, who travelled over almost every part of America, receiving no more than his daily bread, solely employed in acts of benevolence, and who sacrificed his life in the service of the American Colonization Society; or was he goaded on by a silly ambition to be "talked about?” Was such a young man as D. Smith, ennobled by all the acquirements of science and literature, suddenly transformed into a lunatic, because he exchanged the warm firesides and the affectionate bosoms of his friends at S. Farms, for the log cabin of the honest but benighted inhabitants of our frontiers. And yet these things, and many such things, must the enemies to Missionary