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perform the most sacred parts of Divine Service (Lev. xvi.).
Shew that, after the death of Moses, the high-priest was the great medium of communication between God and the people. (Numb. xxvii. 21.)
Can you mention any instance of David, or others, thus consulting God? (1 Sam. xxx. 6—8.)—Also of Joshua, or others, acting wrong from omitting thus to consult God? (Josh. ix. 8-14.)
David was at this time an inspired writer of holy Scripture (see when Ps. lvi. lvii. lix. cxlii
. &c. were written), yet the Lord spake to him by the High-priest. we learn from this ?-A. T'he honour God puts upon his institutions, and the diligence and reverence with which we should use them.
The high-priest was distinguished by a peculiarly rich and glorious dress, which he wore on particular occasions : give some account of it, particularly of the breast-plate. (Exod. xxviii. 29; xxxix. 14.)—And the mitre. (Exod. xxviii. 36.)
What was the peculiar office of the Priests ?-A. To make atonement, and to bless the people (Lev. iv. 20; Numb. vi. 23—27).
[Refer to 1 Chron. xxiii. 13, 2 Chron. xiii. 10, 11 ; as further descriptive of the Priest's office.]
When not engaged in acts of public worship, how were they employed ?-A. In expounding the law, and in assisting in judging, in civil as well as religious matters.
Give an instance of any High-priest or Priest punished for neglect of duty. (1 Sam. iv.; Lev. x.)
Give an instance of any punished for usurping their office. -A. Uzziah (2 Chron. xxvi. 18), and Korah the Levite. (Numb. xvi.)
Who were the Levites ?—A. All the tribe of Levi not of the family of Aaron.
Not being permitted to make atonement by offering sacrifice or burning incense, what was their office ? (Numb. iii.
1 Chron. xxi. 28, &c.; 2 Chron. xiii. 10.) In the time of Moses, into what three families were they divided ? (Numb. iii. 17.)
Why were the more sacred parts of the tabernacle committed, in the journey of the Israelites, to the Kohathites ?
(Numb. iii.)--A. They were most nearly related to the family of Aaron.
In the time of David, who re-modelled them, there were 38,000 fit for service. How were these divided ? (1 Chron. xxiii. 3—5.)
How many were appointed to praise the Lord on instruments of music ?-A. Four thousand.
Whom does it appear from Ezra viii. 20, the Levites had as assistants ?
[Many of the Psalms appear to have been composed for the use of the Levites in public worship (1 Chron. xvi. 7) See also Neh. ix. 5,&c. a prayer of the Levites, one of the finest in the Old Testament.]
The tribe of Levi, thus set apart for the public worship of the Jews, and deriving their maintenance from a source which would necessarily fail if the worship and laws of God were neglected (Numb. xviii.), they were deeply interested in their support. Their cities being dispersed through all the tribes, and their families permitted to intermarry with all; being exclusively possessed of the high-priesthood, as well as of all other religious offices; and associated with the high-priest and judge in the supreme court of judicature, and with the elders of every city in the inferior tribunals; they must have acquired such influence and reverence among the people, as was calculated to answer the purpose of their institution; to preserve and consolidate the union of all the other tribes ; to instruct the Jews in knowledge, virtue, and piety, "to teach Jacob the judgments, and Israel the law of Jehovah ; that they might hear, and fear, and learn to obey the will of their Sovereign and theif God." (Deut. xxxiii. 8—10.) See Graves on the Pentateuch. $ iii. The place of public worship among the Jews.
The Tabernacle. For what purpose especially did God command the Tabernacle to be built ? (Exod. xxv. 8: sanctuary, that I may dwell,” &c. See Deut. xii. 5.)
What pattern did Moses follow in making the tabernacle, &c. ? (Exod. xxv. 9; Heb. viii. 5.)
What do we learn from the strictness of the Almighty in requiring every thing to be done according to the pattern
shewed on the Mount?-A. That we are not to follow our own fancies in the service of God. (See Matt. xv. 9.) 1. 10
In what respect especially did the Tabernacle differ from the Temple afterwards built ? (It was moveable, Ps. lxxviii. 60; 1 Kings viii. 13.)
Into what two parts was it divided ; and by what? (Exod. xxvi. 31, &c.; Heb. ix. 6, 7.)
What happened to this at the crucifixion of our Lord ? (Luke xxiii. 45.)
By what was the holy place in the tabernacle lighted ? (Exod. xl. 4.)
There were many holy things, made of gold, silver, brass, wood: mention some of these in the court of the Tabernacle. A. The laver (Exod. xxx. 18—21); the altar of burntoffering, ever burning with fire kindled from heaven (Exod. xxvii. 1.-5; Lev. vi. 13).
Mention some in the Holy Place.-A. The golden altar of incense (Exod. xxx. 1, &c.), the candlestick (Exod. xxv. 31; xxvii
. 20), the table of shew-bread (Exod. xxv. 23-4+ 30; Lev. xxiv. 5).
What was the most remarkable thing in the Holy of Holies ?
-A. The Ark (Exod. xxv.).
Describe it. (Exod. xxv. 10–16.)
What was the lid of the Ark called ?—A. The mercyseat.
Describe it. (Exod. xxv. 17–21.)
What appeared over it as a symbol of God's presence ? (Lev. xvi. 2.) Give
any other illustration of the honour attached to the ark.-A. In the wilderness (Numb. x. 33, &c.), in the passage of Jordan (Josh, iii. 6), the taking of Jericho (Josh. vi. 6), the destruction of the idol Dagon (1 Sam. v.).
When, in the time of Eli, disregarding the state of their own hearts, they idolized the ark, what happened to them and to it? (1 Sam. iv; Ps. lxxviii. 59–61.)
Why was Uzzah (2 Sam. vi.) smitten with death ?--A. For not attending to the directions which God had given respecting the ark. (Numb. iv. 15—20.) What may we learn from such direction and such punish
ment? (Ps. lxxxix. 7: “God is greatly, &c. had in reverence," &c. Heb. xi. 28, 29 : godly fear ; " for our God is," &c.)
With what feelings did David look forward to attendance at the tabernacle? (Ps. xliii. 4. xlii. and lxxxiv.)
The Temple. Who first expressed the desire to build the temple ? Was he permitted to build it ? relate the circumstances ? (2 Sam. vii. 1 Chron. xvii.)
What preparation did he nevertheless make ? (1 Chron. xxii.—xxix.)
By whom and at what place was the temple built ? (2 Chr. iii. 1.) Turn to 1 Kings vi. 7., and observe what very remarkable circumstance attended the building of it? Shew from the prayer at the dedication the spiritual nature of the service therein to be conducted, and that it was to be not merely a place for the offering of external rites, but a house of prayer. (1 Kings viii. 29.) How was Solomon's prayer answered ? (2 Chron. vii.)
In Solomon's letter to Hiram, what does he say was his reason for building the Temple ? (2 Chron. ii. 3—6.)
Who gave David the pattern of the Temple ? (1 Chron. xxviii. 12.)
With what was the whole house overlaid ? (1 Kings vi. 21, pure gold.) [Dean Prideaux values the gold with which the Holy of Holies alone was overlaid at £4,320,000.]
How long did it preserve its glory?-A. Only about thirty-four years. (1 Kings xiv. 25, 26.)
When and by whom was it burnt ? (Jer. lii. 13; 2 Chron. xxxvi. 19; 2 Kings xxv. 9.)
What do we learn from this ?-A. The ruinous effects of sin.
Was it rebuilt ? Give some account of this, as given in the book of Ezra ? (Ezra iii. 10, &c.)
Who spent forty-six years in improving it, and what was his character ?-A. Herod the Great. (John ii. 20. Matt.
How many people would its courts then contain ?--A. 500,000.
What became of this Temple, as foretold by our Lord
(Matt. xxiv. 1, &c.) ? and what do we learn from it?—A. The destruction that awaits every despiser of the Gospel.
Synagogues. The word synagogue is rarely found in the Old Testament; yet it does not seem possible, as Lightfoot has remarked, that the Jews could keep the Sabbath according to the injunction laid upon them, of having every seventh day a holy meeting, or convocation (Levit. xxiii. 3, 4), if they had not, at all times, their synagogue meetings, or particular congregations; as the plural number used of assemblies, or congregations, doth more than seem to intimate in Ps. xxvi. 12; lxvii. 26, &c. see also Ps. lxxiv. 8.
$ iv. Seasons of public worship. The chief of these were the daily Sacrifices; the weekly Sabbaths; monthly, the Feast of the New Moons; yearly, the Feast of the Passover, the Feast of Pentecost, the Feast of Trumpets, the great Day of Atonement, and the Feast of Tabernacles.
1. The Daily Sacrifice, fc. What was offered day by day, continually on the brazen altar? (Exod. xxix. 38, &c.)
What was also daily offered on the golden altar ? (Exod. xxx. 7.)
How were the people then engaged? (Luke i. 10; Ps. cxli. 2.)
2. The Weekly Sabbath. When was the Sabbath first appointed to man? (Gen. ii.)
Were the Jews reminded of the duty of its observance before the giving of the Fourth Commandment, and on what occasion ?-A. The giving of the manna. (Exod. xvi.)
What additional sacrifices were offered on that day, morning and evening? (Numb. xxvii. 9, 10.)
Was there any assembly of the people for public worship? (Lev. xxiii. 3.)
From Ps. xcii. (the title of which observe), and from Isa. lviii. 13, 14, shew that it was a spiritual service which was required of them.