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12 "That seeing they may see, and not 27 And should sleep, and rise night and perceive; and hearing they may hear, and day, and the sced should spring and grow not understand ; lest at any time they should up, he knoweth not how. be converted, and their sins should be for- 28 For the earth bringeth forth fruit of given them.
herself; first the blade, then the ear, after 13 And he said unto them, Know ye not that the full corn in the ear. this parable? and how then will ye know all 29 But when the fruit is 'brought forth, parables ?
immediately he putteth in the sickle, be14 | The sower soweth the word.
cause the harvest is come. 15 And these are they by the way side, 30 And he said, "Whereunto shall we where the word is sown; but when they have liken the kingdom of God? or with what heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh comparison shall we compare it ? away the word that was sown in their hearts. 31 It is like a grain of mustard seed,
16 And these are they likewise which are which, when it is sown in the earth, is less sown on stony ground; who, when they have than all the seeds that be in the earth : heard the word, immediately receive it with 32 But when it is sown, it growcth up, gladness;
and becometh greater than all herbs, and 17 And have no root in themselves, and shooteth out great branches; so that the so endure but for a time: afterward, when fowls of the air may lodge under the shadow affliction or persecution ariseth for the of it. word's sake, immediately they are offended. 33 "And with many such parables spake
18 And these are they which are sown he the word unto them, as they were able to among thorns; such as hear the word, hear it.
19 And the cares of this world, 'and the 34 But without a parable spake he not deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other unto them: and when they were alone, he things entering in, choke the word, and it expounded all things to his disciples. becometh unfruitful.
35 " And the same day, when the even 20 And these are they which are sown was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass on good ground; such as hear the word, over unto the other side. and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some 36 And when they had sent away the thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred. multitude, they took himn even as he was in
21 q ‘And he said unto them, Is a candle the ship. And there were also with him brought to be put under a 'bushel, or under other little ships. a bed? and not to be set on a candlestick? 37 And there arose a great storm of wind,
22 For there is nothing hid, which shall and the waves bcat into the ship, so that it not be manifested; neither was any thing was now full
. kept secret, but that it should come abroad. 33 And he was in the hinder part of the
23 If any man have ears to hear, let him ship, asleep on a pillow: and they awake hear.
him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou 24 And he saith unto them, Take heed not that we perish ? what
hear: 'with what measure ye mete, 39 And he arose, and rebuked the wind, it shall be measured to you : and unto you and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And that hear shall more be given.
the wind ceased, and there was a great calm. 25 'For he that hath, to him shall be 40 And he said unto them, Why are ye given: and he that hath not, from him shall so fearful ? how is it that
have no faith? be taken even that which he hath.
41 And they feared exceedingly, and 26 And he said, So is the kingdom of said one to another, What manner of man God, as if a man should cast seed into the is this, that even the wind and the sea obey ground;
9 Or, ripe. Verse 21. " Is a candle," &c.—This verse contains a proverbial expression to denote that things are rendered useless by being applied to purposes for which they are not suited or designed. The renderings “ candle” and “candlestick ” sufficiently convey the meaning of the original, and are more intelligible to the English reader than any other. But correctly, and with a reference to ancient usages, we should read “ a lamp" instead of a candle," and " a stand" (i.e. a lamp-stand or candelabrum) instead of "à candlestick.” Lamps were used, and placed upon stands to give them the elevation necessary to diffuse the light around. On this matter, see further under Luke viii. 16. The word pédies, rendered “bushel," answers to the Hebrew measure called seah, containing a gallon and a half. It was a cornmeasure, in very general use (as a gallon with us) for common purposes. The alternative of putting the lamp under
2 Matt. 13. 14.
6 Matt. 10. 26.
31 Tim. 6 17.
7 Matt. 7.2.
4 Matt. 5. 15. 8 Matt. 13. 12.
10 Matt. 13.31.
11 Matt. 13. 34.
12 Matt. 8. 23.
“ a bed," is also contained in Luke (viii. 16), but not in Matthew (v. 15). We cannot see clearly what Grotius and others have in view in proving that the bed” had a cavity under it large enough to admit a candelabrum ; for there is no allusion to the stand being put under a bushel or a bed, but the lamp; and the lamp was a small portable article, distinct from the stand, not permanently affixed to it, but removed when not in use, and set on again when required to give light to the house. This, so far as its size is regarded, might be thrust away almost anywhere, even under a maitress or cushion; but then its flame (would be smothered out; and this we think is intended; for certainly any light would be extinguished if set under "a bushel;' and analogy would seem to indicate an intention to express that it would also be put out if thrust under a bed. Ilence it appears to us that the research which has been employed to provide for the lamp-stand, or even for the lamp, a cavity large enough to allow the flame it bore to remain alive, bat without giving its proper light to the house, proceedls entirely on a misconception.
38. " In the hinder part of the ship.”—The original denotes the place at which the steersman usually sat; and which was also a convenient place for passengers. The conjecture of Michaelis, that Jesus himself steered the vessel, is almost gross. Would He have slept then?
pillow."—irà co a poctivá masov, better taken as "the pillow, the article having a peculiar force in referring to a particular part of the vessel's furniture called - the pillow." Some regard it as denoting a piece of wood framed at the stern ; but others prefer to consider it as a leather stuffed cushion. The word, in its ordinary acceptation, denotes not only a pillow for the head, but a cushion on which one might sit or lie down.
" On a
And the unclean spirits went out, and en1 Christ delivering the possessed of the legion of tered into the swine: and the herd ran vio
devils, 13 they enter into the suine. 25 He heal- lently down a steep place into the sea, (they eth the woman of the bloody issue, 35 and raiseth
were about two thousand ;) and were choked from death Jairus his daughter.
in the sea. And 'they came over unto the other side of 14 And they that fed the swine fied, and the sea, into the country of the Gadarenes. told it in the city, and in the country. And
2 And when he was come out of the ship, they went out to see what it was that was immediately there met him out of the tombs | done. a man with an unclean spirit,
15 And they come to Jesus, and see him 3 Who had his dwelling among the that was possessed with the devil, and had tombs; and no man could bind him, no, not the legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his with chains :
right mind : and they were afraid. 4 Because that he had been often bound 16 And they that saw it told them how with fetters and chains, and the chains had it befell to him that was possessed with the been plucked asunder by him, and the fet- devil, and also concerning the swine. ters broken in pieces: neither could any 17 And they began to pray him to depart man tame him.
out of their coasts. 5 And always, night and day, he was in 18 And when he was come into the ship, the mountains, and in the tombs, crying, he that had been possessed with the devil and cutting himself with stones.
prayed him that he might be with him. 6 But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran 19 Howbeit Jesus suffered him not, but and worshipped him,
saith unto him, Go home to thy friends, and 7 And cried with a loud voice, and said, tell them how great things the Lord hath What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou done for thee, and hath had compassion on Son of the most high God? I adjure thee thee. by God, that thou torment me not.
20 And he departed, and began to pub8 For he said unto him, Come out of the lish in Decapolis how great things Jesus man, thou unclean spirit.
had done for him : and all men did marvel. 9 And he asked him, What is thy name? 21 And when Jesus was passed over And he answered, saying, My name is Le- again by ship unto the other side, much gion : for we are many,
people gathered unto him: and he was nigh 10 And he besought him much that he unto the sea. would not send them away out of the
22 And, behold, there cometh one of the country.
rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name; 11 Now there was there nigh unto the and when he saw him, he fell at his feet, mountains a great herd of swine feeding. 23 And besought hin greatly, saying,
12 And all the devils besought him, say- My little daughter lieth at the point of ing, Send us into the swine, that we may death: I pray thee, come and lay thy hands enter into them.
on her, that she may be healed; and she 13 And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. shall live.
1 Matt. 8. 28.
2 Matt. 9. 18.
24 And Jesus went with him; and much 35 While he yet spake, there came from people followed him, and thronged him. the ruler of the synagogue's house certain
25 And a certain woman, which had an which said, Thy daughter is dead: why issue of blood twelve years,
troublest thou the Master any
further ? 26 And had suffered many things of many 36 As soon as Jesus heard the word that physicians, and had spent all that she had, was spoken, he saith unto the ruler of the and was nothing bettered, but rather grew synagogue, Be not afraid, only believe. worse,
37 And he suffered no man to follow 27 When she had heard of Jesus, came him, save Peter, and James, and John the in the press behind, and touched his gar- brother of James. ment.
38 And he cometh to the house of the 28 For she said, If I may touch but his ruler of the synagogue, and seeth the tuclothes, I shall be whole.
mult, and them that wept and wailed greatly. 29 And straightway the fountain of her 39 And when he was come in, he saith blood was dried up; and she felt in her unto them, Why make ye this ado, and body that she was healed of that plague. weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
30 And Jesus, immediately knowing in 40 And they laughed him to scorn. But himself that virtue had gone out of him, when he had put them all out, he taketh turned him about in the press, and said, the father and the mother of the damsel, Who touched my clothes ?
and them that were with him, and entereth 31 And his disciples said unto him, Thou in where the damsel was lying. seest the multitude thronging thee, and 41 And he took the damsel by the hand, sayest thou, Who touched me?
and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, 32 And he looked round about to see being interpreted, Damsel, I say unto thee, her that had done this thing.
arise. 33 But the woman fearing and trembling, 42 And straightway the damsel arose, knowing what was done in her, came and and walked ; for she was of the age of twelve fell down before him, and told him all the years. And they were astonished with a truth.
great astonishment. 34 And he said unto her, Daughter, thy 43 And he charged them straitly that no faith hath made thee whole; go in peace, man should know it; and commanded that and be whole of thy plague.
something should be given her to eat. Verse 9. “ Legion : for we are many."—This name, expressive of multitude, is taken from the division of the Roman army bearing the same title. This division always contained a large body of men; but the number so much varied at duierent times, that there is much discrepancy in the statements which are given. With the progress of time, the number of men in a legion seems to have increased from perhaps three thousand to six thousand, and beyond. Six thousand may be probably taken as the general number in the time of our Saviour, exclusive of horsemen, which usually formed an additional body of about one-tenth to the infantry. Examples might be cited from the Rabbinical writers of the use of the word "legion's to denote a great number, in such expression as “a legion of olives," and so on.
As all the divisions of the Roman army are mentioned in the New Testament, we may add that the legion was divided into ten cohorts, or regiments (see Matth. xxvii. 27); each cohort into three maniples or bands; and each mamiple into two centuries, or companies of one hundred each, at least nominally. This smaller division, into centuries, from the form in which it is exhibited as a constituent of the larger divisions, clearly shows that six thousand had become at least the formal number of men in a legion.
23 - My little daughter."— We learn from verse 42, that she was twelve years of age, or, more properly, in her twelfth year. The Talmud defines that a daughter, till she had completed twelve years, was called “ little," or " a little maid," but when she became of the full age of twelve years, and one day over, she was considered a young woman.
26. “ Had suffered many things of many physicians.”—“And it is no wonder,” says Lightfoot; " for we see what various and manifold kinds of medicines are prescribed for a woman labouring under a flux." He then cites several of these, and mentions many more which he does not adduce. His citations are instructive, from the insight which they offer into the medical practices of the Jews in and about the time of our Saviour. They consist of various simple or compound medicines, to be tried successively in case the preceding failed in their operation ; and in the present case the series extends to at least fourteen changes. We observe that all the medicines are directed to be taken in wine. We think we can collect that there was no long perseverance with one course of medicine; but that, if it did not immediately, or very speedily, produce the desired effect, another and another was tried. This is still the case in the East. From the same citations we infer, that if the case was found to be stubborn, superstitious practices were resorted to in order to aid the medicine, and were gradually increased till at last medicine was altogether relinquished, and the cure sought by other means. This also is Oriental. We will quote one instance of simple medicine; another of mixed medicine and superstition ; and a third wholly superstitious..
* Take of Persian onions thrice three logs; boil them in wine, and give it her to drink, and say, ' Arise from thy flux.'
* But if this does not prevail, set her in a place where two ways meet, and let her hold a cup of wine in her hand; and let somebody come behind her, and affright her, and say, · Arise from thy flux.',
“But if this does not benefit, let them dig seven ditches, in which let them burn some cuttings of such vines as are not circuncised (that is, that are not yet four years old). And let her take in her hand a cup of wine ; and let them lead her away from this ditch, and make her sit down over that. And let them remove her from that, and make her sit down over another. And in every removal you must say to her, ' Arise from thy flux,'" &c.
We shall have occasion again to advert to this subject.
against them. Verily I say unto you, It
shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Go1 Christ is contemned of his countrymen. 7 He
morrha in the day of judgment, than for giveth the tuelve power over unclean spirits. 14 Divers opinions of Christ
. 18 John Baptist is that city. beheaded, 29 and buried. 30 The apostles return 12 And they went out, and preached that from preaching. 34 The miracle of five loaves men should repent. and two fishes. 45 Christ walketh on the sea :
13 And they cast out many devils, Rand 53 and healeth all that touch him.
anointed with oil many that were sick, and AND 'he went out from thence, and came healed them. into his own country; and his disciples fol. 14 'And king Herod heard of him; (for low him.
his name was spread abroad :) and he said, 2 And when the sabbath day was come, That John the Baptist was risen from the he began to teach in the synagogue: and dead, and therefore mighty works do shew many hearing him were astonished, saying, forth themselves in him. From whence hath this man these things? 15 Others said, That it is Elias. And and what wisdom is this which is given unto others said, That it is a prophet, or as one him, that even such mighty works are of the prophets. wrought by his hands?
16 °But when Herod heard thereof, he 3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of said, It is John, whom I beheaded : he is Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and risen from the dead. of Juda, and Simon ? and are not his sisters 17 For Herod himself had sent forth and here with us? And they were offended at laid hold upon John, and bound him in prison him.
for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife: 4 But Jesus said unto them, 'A prophet for he had married her. is not without honour, but in his own coun- 18 For John had said unto Herod, "It is try, and among his own kin, and in his own not lawful for thee to have thy brother's house.
wife. 5 And he could there do no mighty work, 19 Therefore Herodias had a quarrel save that he laid his hands upon a few sick against him, and would have killed him; folk, and healed them.
but she could not: 6 And he marvelled because of their un- 20 For Herod feared John, knowing that belief. And he went round about the vil- he was a just man and an holy, and sohlages, teaching
served him; and when he heard him, he did 79 ‘And he called unto him the twelve, many things, and heard him gladly. and began to send them forth by two and 21 And when a convenient day was come, two: and gave them power over unclean that Herod on his birthday made a supper spirits;
to his lords, high captains, and chief estates 8 And commanded them that they should of Galilee; take nothing for their journey, save a staff 22 And when the daughter of the said only; no scrip, no bread, no ‘money in their Herodias came in, and danced, and pleased purse:
Herod and them that sat with him, the king 9 But be shod with sandals; and not put said unto the damsel, Ask of me whatsoever on two coats.
thou wilt, and I will give it thee. 10 And he said unto them, In what place 23 And he sware unto her, Whatsoever soever ye enter into an house, there abide thou shalt ask of me, I will give it thee, unto till ye depart from that place.
the half of my kingdom. nor hear you, when ye depart thence, 'shake mother, What shall I ask? And she said, off the dust under your feet for a testimony | The head of John the Baptist.
I Matt. 13. 54. * John 4. 44. 3 Matt. 9. 35. Luke 13. 22. • Matt. 10. 1. s The word signifieth a piece of brass murney, in ralue somewhat less than a farthing-Matt. 10.9 ; but here it is taken in general for marry. 6 Matt. 10. 14. 7 Acts 13. 51. 8 James 5. 14. 9 Matt. 14. 1. 10 Luke 3. 19. Il Levit. 18. 16. 12 Or, an inward grudge.
18 Or, kept him, or, sared him.
11 And whosoever shall not receive you, 24 And she went forth, and said unto her
25 And she came in straightway with 40 And they sat down in ranks, by hunhaste unto the king, and asked, saying, I dreds, and by fifties. will that thou give me by and by in a charger 41 And when he had taken the five the head of John the Baptist.
loaves and the two fishes, he looked up to 26 And the king was exceeding sorry; heaven, and blessed, and brake the loaves, yet for his oath's sake, and for their sakes and gave them to his disciples to set before which sat with him, he would not reject her. them; and the two fishes divided he among
27 And immediately the king sent tan them all. executioner, and commanded his head to be 42 And they did all eat, and were filled. brought: and he went and beheaded him in 43 And they took up twelve baskets full
of the fragments, and of the fishes. 28 And brought his head in a charger, 44 And they that did cat of the loaves and gave it to the damsel : and the damsel were about five thousand men. gave it to her mother.
45 And straightway he constrained his 29 And when his disciples heard of it, disciples to get into the ship, and to go to they came and took up his corpse, and laid the other side before "unto Bethsaida, while it in a tomb.
he sent away the people. 30 'And the apostles gathered them
46 And when he had sent them away, selves together unto Jesus, and told him all he departed into a mountain to pray. things, both what they had done, and what 47 "And when even was come, the ship they had taught.
was in the midst of the sea, and he alone on 31 And he said unto them, Come ye | the land. yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest 48 And he saw them toiling in rowing ; a while : for there were many coming and for the wind was contrary unto them: and going, and they had no leisure so much as about the fourth watch of the night he to eat.
cometh unto them, walking upon the sca, 32 1 And they departed into a desert and would have passed by them. place by ship privately.
49 But when they saw him walking upon 33 And the people saw them departing, the sea, they supposed it had been a spirit, and many knew him, and ran afoot thither and cried out: out of all cities, and outwent them, and came 50 For they all saw him, and were troutogether unto him.
And immediately he talked with 34 7And Jesus, when he came out, saw them, and saith unto them, Be of good cheer: much people, and was moved with compas- it is I; be not afraid. sion toward them, because they were as 51 And he went up unto them into the sheep not having a shepherd: and he began ship; and the wind ceased : and they were to teach them many things.
sore amazed in themselves beyond measure, 35 8 And when the day was now far spent, and wondered. his disciples came unto him, and said, 'This 52 For they considered not the miracle of is a desert place, and now the time is far the loaves: for their heart was hardened. passed :
53 "And when they had passed over, they 36 Send them away, that they may go came into the land of Gennesaret, and drew into the country round about, and into the to the shore. villages, and buy themselves bread: for they 54 And when they were come out of the have nothing to eat.
ship, straightway they knew him, 37 He answered and said unto them, 55 And ran through that whole region Give ye them to eat. And they say unto round about, and began to carry about in him, Shall we go and buy two hundred beds those that were sick, where they heard "pennyworth of bread, and give them to he was. cat?
56 And whithersoever he entered, into 38 He saith unto them, How many loaves villages, or cities, or country, they laid the hare ye? go and see. And when they knew, sick in the streets, and besought him that they say, Five, and two fishes.
they might touch if it were but the border 39 And he commanded them to make all of his garment: and as many as touched sit down by companies upon the green grass. / "him were made whole.
1* Or, one of his guard. 19 The Roman penny is seven peace halfpenny; as Matt. 18. 28. 20 Or, orer against Bethsaida.
23 Or, il.
15 Luke 9. 10.
16 Matt. 14. 13.
17 Matt. 9. 36.
18 Matt. 14. 15. 21 Matt. 14, 23. 24 Matt, 14.34.