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CHAPTER XI.

the devil was gone out, the dumb spake;

and the people wondered. i Christ teacheth to pray, and that instantly: 11

15 But some of them said, He casteth assuring that God so will give us good things. 14 He, casting out u dumb devil, rebuketh the blas- out devils through Beelzebub the chief of phemous Pharisees : 28 and sheweth who are the devils. blessed : 29 preacheth to the people, 37 and repre- 16 And others, tempting him, sought of hendeth the outward shew of holiness in the Phu- him a sign from heaven. risees, Scribes, and Lawyers.

17 But he, knowing their thoughts, said And it came to pass, that, as he was pray- unto them, Every kingdom divided against ing in a certain place, when he ceased, one itself is brought to desolation ; and a house of his disciples said unto him, Lord, teach divided against a house falleth. us to pray, as John also taught his dis- 18 If Satan also be divided against himciples.

self, how shall his kingdom stand? because 2 And he said unto them, When ye pray, ye say that I cast out devils through Beelsay, 'Our Father which art in heaven, Hal.zebub. lowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. 19 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth. by whom do your sons cast them out? there

3 Give us 'day by day our daily bread. före shall they be your judges.

4 And forgive us our sins; for we also 20 But if I with the finger of God cast forgive every one that is indebted to us. out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is And lead us not into temptation ; but de- come upon you. liver us from evil.

21 When a strong man armed keepeth 5 And he said unto them, Which of you his palace, his goods are in peace : shall have a friend, and shall go unto him 22 But when a stronger than he shall at midnight, and say unto him, Friend, lend come upon him and overcome him, he taketh me three loaves;

from him all his armour wherein he trusted, 6 For a friend of mine sin his journey is and divideth his spoils. come to me, and I have nothing to set be- 23 He that is not with me is against me: fore him ?

and he that gathereth not with me scat7 And he from within shall answer and tereth. say, Trouble me not: the door is now shut, 24 When the unclean spirit is gone out and my children are with me in bed; I can- of a man, he walketh through dry places, not rise and give thee.

seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I 8 I say unto you, Though he will not rise will return unto my house whence I came and give him, because he is his friend, yet out. because of his importunity he will rise and 25 And when he cometh, he findeth it give him as many as he needeth.

swept and garnished. 9 ‘And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall 26 Then goeth he, and taketh to him be given you; seek, and ye shall find; seven other spirits more wicked than himknock, and it shall be opened unto you. self; and they enter in, and dwell there:

10 For every one that asketh receiveth; and the last state of that man is worse than and he that seeketh findeth; and to him the first. that knocketh it shall be opened.

27 9 And it came to pass, as he spake 11 'If a son shall ask bread of any of you these things, a certain woman of the comthat is a father, will he give him a stone! or pany lifted up her voice, and said unto him, if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and serpent?

the paps which thou hast sucked. 12 Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer 28 But he said, Yea rather, blessed are him a scorpion ?

they that hear the word of God, and keep it. 13 If ye then, being evil, know how to 29 And when the people were gathered give good gifts unto your children : how thick together, he began to say, This is an much more shall your heavenly Father give evil generation : they seek a sign; and there the Holy Spirit to them that ask him? shall no sign be given it, but the sign of

14 | And he was casting out a devil, and Jonas the prophet. it was dumb. And it came to pass, when 30 For as Jonas was a sign unto the

1 Matt. 6. 9.

? Or, for the day.

3 Or, out of his way.

* Matt. 7.7.
8 Matt. 12. 33.

5 Matt. 7. 9.

6 Matt. 9. 31, and 12. 24.

7 Matt. 12. 43

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a candlestick,

Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be 33 'No man, when he hath lighted a to this generation.

candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither 31 The queen of the south shall rise up under a bushel, but on in the judgment with the men of this gene- that they which come in may see the ration, and condemn them: for she came from light. the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wis-34 The light of the body is the eye: dom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole Solomon is here.

body also is full of light; but when thine 32 The men of Nineve shall rise up in eye is evil

, thy body also is full of darkness . the judgment with this generation, and 35 Take heed therefore that the light shall condemn it: for they repented at the which is in thee be not darkness. preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater 36 If thy whole body therefore be full of than Jonas is here.

light, having no part dark, the whole shall • Matt. 5. 15.

20 See Matt, 5, 15.

11 Matt. 6. 22.

be full of light, as when the bright shining 46 "And he said, Woe unto you also, ye of a candle doth give thee light.

Lawyers! for ye lade men with burdens 37 q And as he spake, a certain Pharisee grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves besought him to dine with him: and he went touch not the burdens with one of your in, and sat down to meat.

fingers. 38 And when the Pharisee saw it, he 47 "Woe unto you! for ye build the semarvelled that he had not first washed be. pulchres of the prophets, and your fathers fore dinner.

killed them. 39 "And the Lord said unto him, Now 48 Truly ye bear witness that ye allow do

ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed the

cup and the platter; but your inward killed them, and ye build their sepulchres. part is full of ravening and wickedness.

49 Therefore also said the wisdom of 40 Ye fools, did not he that made that God, I will send them prophets and aposwhich is without make that which is within tles, and some of them they shall slay and also ?

persecute: 41 But rather give alms of such things 50 That the blood of all the prophets, as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean which was shed from the foundation of the

world, may be required of this generation; 42 But woe unto you, Pharisees ! for ye 51 From the blood of Abel unto the tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, blood of Zacharias, which perished between and pass over judgment and the love of the altar and the temple: verily I say unto God: these ought ye to have done, and not you, It shall be required of this generation. to leave the other undone.

52 "Woe unto you, Lawyers ! for ye have 43 "Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye taken away the key of knowledge : ye enter love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, not in yourselves, and them that were enterand greetings in the markets.

ye

hindered. 44 Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, 53 And as he said these things unto them, hypocrites! for ye are as graves which ap- the Scribes and the Pharisees began to urge pear not, and the men that walk over them him vehemently, and to provoke him to are not aware of them.

speak of many things: 45 Then answered one of the Lawyers, 54 Laying wait for him, and seeking to and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou catch something out of his mouth, that they reproachest us also.

might accuse him.

unto you.

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Verse 5. " Lend me three loaves."—That he required three loaves for the use of his friend, clearly shows that the bread of the Jews was in very small loaves, or else in broad and thin cakes, according to the present custom of the East. This we have already had occasion to indicate. That the applicant had no bread, or any thing else in his own house to set before his friend, agrees well with another of our previous statements, that the Orientals generally only prepare sufficient of bread and other food for the current day; so that a person who arrives at night, is more than likely to find the house bare of victuals. In such cases the women are sometimes set to work to grind corn and bake bread: but it seems that, in the present case, the man knew that his neighbour happened to have some bread in the house, and probably preferred to apply to him, as the more convenient alternative.

44. “ Ye are as graves which appear not.—In the parallel text of Matt. xxiii. 27, we read, “Ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful,” &c. The reader will find both allusions illustrated in the general note under 2 Chron. xxxiv. 4.

47. “ Ye build the sepulchres of the prophets.' –The Talmud correspondingly intimates that great pains were taken in rebuilding, repairing, and adorning the sepulchres of the prophets. From the intimations thus afforded, it would seem that this honour to the memory of the prophets and eminent saints consisted in beautifying the exterior of the excavated tombs, and erecting monuments over them, or in repairing and improving those which already existed.

On the declivity of the Mount of Olives there is a sepulchral cavern which goes under the name of the Sepulchres of the Prophets ;" and which is thus noticed by Mr. Buckingham :-"We descended through a circular hole into an excavated cavern of some extent, cut with winding passages, and forming a kind of subterranean labyrinth. The superincumbent mass was supported by portions of the rock left in the form of walls and irregular pillars, apparently once stuccoed; and, from the niches still remaining visible in many places, we had no doubt of its having been once appropriated to sepulture; but whether any or which of the prophets were interred here, even tradition does not suggest, beyond the name which it bestows on the place.” («Travels in Palestine,' vol. i. p. 319. 8vo.) This is not quite correct; for there is an old tradition, that several of the prophets were entombed towards the base of Mount Olivet.

CHAPTER XII.

13 | And one of the company said unto

him, Master, speak to my brother, that he i Christ preacheth to his disciples to avoid hypo- divide the inheritance with me.

crisy, and fearfulness in publishing his doctrine : 13 warneth the people to beware of covetousness,

14 And he said unto him, Man, who made by the parable of the rich man who set up greater me a judge or a divider over you? barns. 22 We must not be over careful of earthly 15 And he said unto them, Take heed, things, 31 but seek the kingdom of God, 33 give and beware of covetousness: for a man's life alms, 36 be ready at a knock to open to our Lord consisteth not in the abundance of the things whensoever he cometh. 41 Christ's ministers are to see to their charge, 49 and look for persecution. which he possesseth. 54 The people must take this time of grace, 58 16 And he spake a parable unto them, because it is a feurful thing to die without recon

saying, The ground of a certain rich man ciliation.

brought forth plentifully : In 'the mean time, when there were gather- 17 And he thought within himself, sayed together an innumerable multitude of ing, What shall I do, because I have no people, insomuch that they trode one upon room where to bestow my fruits? another, he began to say unto his disciples 18 And he said. This will I do: I will first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the pull down my barns, and build greater; and Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.

there will I bestow all my fruits and my 2 For there is nothing covered, that shall goods. not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not 19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou be known.

hast much goods laid up for many years; 3 Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken take thine case, eat, drink, and be merry. in darkness shall be heard in the light; and 20 But God said unto him, Thou fool, that which ye have spoken in the ear in this night 'thy soul shall be required of closets shall be proclaimed upon the house thee: then whose shall those things be, tops.

which thou hast provided ? 4 'And I say unto you my friends, Be not 21 So is he that layeth up treasure for afraid of them that kill the body, and after himself, and is not rich toward God. that have no more that they can do.

22 ( And he said unto his disciples, 5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall Therefore I say unto you, “Take no thought fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed for your life, what ye shall eat; neither for hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto the body, what ye shall put on.

23 The life is more than meat, and the 6 Are not five sparrows sold for two body is more than raiment. *farthings, and not one of them is forgotten 24 Consider the ravens: for they neither before God?

sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse 7 But even the very hairs of your

head nor barn; and God feedeth them: how are all numbered. Fear not therefore : ye much more are ye better than the fowls ? are of more value than many sparrows. 25 And which of you with taking thought

8 'Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall can add to his stature one cubit ? confess me before men, him shall the Son 26 If ye then be not able to do that thing of man also confess before the angels of which is least, why take ye thought for the God:

rest? 9 But he that denieth me before men 27 Consider the lilies how they grow: shall be denied before the angels of God. they toil not, they spin not; and yet I

10 And whosoever shall speak a word unto you, that Solomon in all his glory was against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven not arrayed like one of these. him: but unto him that blasphemeth against 28 If then God so clothe the grass, which the Holy Ghost it shall not be forgiven. is to day in the field, and to morrow is cast

11 And when they bring you unto the into the oven; how much more will he clothe synagogues, and unto magistrates, and pow- you, O ye of little faith? ers, take ye no thought how or what thing 29 And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or ye shall answer,

ye
shall
say:

what

ye

shall drink, 'neither be ye of doubt12 For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in ful mind. the same hour what ye ought to say,

30 For all these things do the nations of

you, Fear him.

say

or what

5 Matt. 10.32. 2 Tim. 2. 12. * Matt. 10. 19. 7 Or, do they require thy soul.

9 Or, live nut in careful suspense.

1 Matt. 16, 6.

2 Matt. 10. 26.

3 Matt. 10. 29.

• See Matt. 10.29. B Matt. 6. 25.

unto you.

the world seek after: and your Father know- 46 The lord of that servant will come in eth that ye have need of these things. a day when he looketh not for him, and at

31 | But rather seek ye the kingdom of an hour when he is not aware, and will "scut God; and all these things shall be added him in sunder, and will appoint him his por

tion with the unbelievers. 32 Fear not, little flock; for it is your 47 And that servant, which knew his Father's good pleasure to give you the king. lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither dom.

did according to his will, shall be beaten 33 Sell that ye have, and give alms; with many stripes. loprovide yourselves bags which wax not 48 But he that knew not, and did comold, a treasure in the heavens that faileth mit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten not, where no thief approacheth, neither with few stripes. For unto whomsoever moth corrupteth.

much is given, of him shall be much re34 For where your treasure is, there will quired: and to whom men have committed your heart be also.

much, of him they will ask the more. 35 "Let your loins be girded about, and 49 F I am come to send fire on the earth; your lights burning;

and what will I, if it be already kindled ? 36 And ye yourselves like unto men that 50 But I have a baptism to be baptized wait for their lord, when he will return from with; and how am I straitened till it be the wedding; that when he cometh and accomplished ! knocketh, they may open unto him immedi- 51 ''Suppose ye that I am come to give ately.

peace on earth? I tell you, Nay; but rather 37 Blessed are those servants, whom the division : lord when he cometh shall find watching : 52 For from henceforth there shall be five verily I say unto you, that he shall gird him in one house divided, three against two, and self, and make them to sit down to meat, two against three. and will come forth and serve them.

53 The father shall be divided against 38 And if he shall come in the second the son, and the son against the father; the watch, or come in the third watch, and find mother against the daughter, and the them so, blessed are those servants.

daughter against the mother; the mother 39 "And this know, that if the goodman in law against her daughter in law, and the of the house had known what hour the thief daughter in law against her mother in law. would come, he would have watched, and 54 And he said also to the people, not have suffered his house to be broken When ye see a cloud rise out of the west, through.

straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; 40 Be ye therefore ready also : for the and so it is. Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think 55 And when ye see the south wind blow, not.

ye say, There will be heat; and it cometh 41 | Then Peter said unto him, Lord, to pass. speakest thou this parable unto us, or even 56 Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face to all ?

of the sky and of the earth; but how is it 42 And the Lord said, Who then is that that ye do not discern this time? faithful and wise steward, whom his lord 57 Yea, and why even of yourselves judge shall make ruler over his houshold, to give ye not what is right? them their portion of meat in due season? 58 "When thou goest with thine ad

43 Blessed is that servant, whom his lord versary to the magistrate, as thou art in when he cometh shall find so doing.

the way, give diligence that thou mayest be 44 Of a truth I say unto you, that he will delivered from him; lest he hale thee to make him ruler over all that he hath. the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the

45 But and if that servant say in his heart, officer, and the officer cast thee into prison. My lord delayeth his coming; and shall be- 59 I tell thee, thou shalt not depart gin to beat the menservants and maidens, thence, till thou hast paid the very last and to eat and drink, and to be drunken ; 18mite.

10 Mutt, 6. 20.

11 1 Pet. 1. 13.

12 Matt. 24. 43. 83 Or, cut him off

14 Or, pained. 17 Matt. 5. 25. 18 See Mark 12. 42.

15 Matt. 10.34.

19 Matt. 16. 2.

Verse 6. “ Fire sparrous."—As doves were sold in the Temple, to be used as purification offerings by females, so it is probable that sparrows were similarly sold to be used in the purification of lepers. Lightfoot illustrates this by an apt

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