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3. ATTRIBUTES OF GOD POSSESSED BY HIM, quence, the characteristics of the territory, Eterni'y past as well as future, represented as the most part prosecute his ministry, a "land

Galilee where he should commence and for having come down from heaven, having been before Abraham, having been with the Father of darkness and the shadow of death." before the world was, and as Alpha and Omega, Omnipresence, as with all his people to the end 4. PROPHECY AND ITS FULFILMENT ABOUT HIS of the world, Omniscience, seep in His know- APPREHENSION, TRIAL, AND DEATH, ledge of circumstances of absent persons and His triumphal entry into Jerusalem, rejection objects, the heart thoughts, motives, character, by men,

opposition from the Jewish rulers, and dispositions of men—unchangeableness, betrayal, silence during his trial, innocence, the same past, present, and to come. endurance of scourging, crucifixion, raiment

divided by lot, bearing insults, dying between 4. WORKS OF GOD ASCRIBED TO HIM. two thieves, being pierced with the spear of In creation, having made all things visible or the Roman soldier, body without a bone invisible, in providence, upholding all things, broken, burial, resurrection and ascension to in the resurrection, His voice obeyed by all in glory. the grave, and in the final judgment, as before Him all shall give in their account.



Recorded by Matthew, the espousal of Joseph to On earth forgiving sins, and from heaven Mary, the appearance of an angel to him, sending down the Holy Ghost in a vast the obedience of Joseph to the heavenly variety of common and supernatural gifts,

mission, his flight into Ezypt with Mary and

the child from the rage of Herod, their return 6. WORSHIP OFFERED TO HIM.

on the death of that governor, and their tak. Ascription of glory and honour,—the presen- ing up their abode in Nazareth, --Recorded by tation of prayer and praise, as foretold in pro-Luke, the appearing of an angel to Mary givphecy, commanded also, practised in the ing her promise of the Saviour, and informing church on earth, continued among the angels her of the name he should bear, the meeting and saints in heaven, and never refused by of Mary and Elizabeth the mother of John Him.

the Baptist, the birth of Jesus in Beth.

lehem, accompanied by a throng of angels II.-CHRIST'S HUMANITY.

in the neighbouring field, the announce

ment of the event to the shepherds, the Born of a woman, named man, and the son of circumcision on the eight day, the visit

to man, the secd of woman--the seed of Abraham the ten ple, Simeon giving utterance to his and David a brother of mankinda par: prediction respecting the child, the growth of taker of flesh and blood-having bodily parts Jesus in wisdom and stature, and at the age and senses-having a human soul, as growing of twelve years his disputation with the in stature, as hungering and thirsting, as sub- doctors in the temple. ject to weariness and sleep, and as sympathi. sing, weeping, dying.


His mother and brethren occasionally attended PROPIIECY.

on his ministry, other connections opposed

his Messiahship, his fellow townsmen, for the 1. PROPHECY ABOUT HIS BIRTH AND ITS FULFIL most part viewing him, “beside himself," MENT.

taunted him as the carpenter, and the carpen'er's The place of his birth, the time of it, the son; in the estimation of Jesus, "bis mother supernatural manner of it, -born of a virgin, and brethren were those who did the will of

- his appearance in the Temple,-his descent his Father in heaven."
from Abraham, through Isaac, Judah, and
David,--the massacre of the children of Beth.

3. HIS FORERUNNER, JOHN THE BAPTIST. lehem, and the refuge in Egypt.

Predicted under the name of Elijah, to pre2. PROPHECY ABOUT HIS CHARACTER AND ITS

pare the way of the Messiah, promised to

Zacharias his father in the temple, -- spent FULFILMENT.

his youth in retirement, entered on the His meekness, his lowliness, and his zeal. ministry at the river Jordan,-drew around

him multitudes, described by Jesus as the 3. PROPHECY AND ITS FULFILMENT ABOUT HIS greatest of prophets, as a burning and shining

light, and as a faithful witness he testified to Prophet, a healer, a speaker in parables, a the pre-existence of Christ to his divine expreacher of extraordinary wisdoun and elo- cellence, and to his authority and power to



baptize with the Holy Ghost, continuing faith.

4. THE LAST PASSOVER, ful to death, he was imprisoned and beheaded Observed in an upper room, by Jesus and the by Herod.

twelve Apostles, after which the ordinance of

the Lord's Supper was instituted probably in 4. CHRIST'S BAPTISM.

the absence of Judas who had gone out. At Jordan by John, accompanied by the descent of the Holy Ghost, and by a voice from


Bargaining for thirty pieces of silver to hand

over Jesus to his enemies, and aproaching his 5. FAME OF CHRIST'S PREACHING AND MIRACLES. master with a kiss, the symbol of friendship, Crowds waiting upon his ministry, often from he betrayed him, afterwards smitten with a great distance, –astonishment and wonder despair, he committed suicide. among the people at what they saw and heard.

6. APPREHENSION OF JESUS, 6. CHRIST'S UNWEARIED ACTIVITY. Designed by the chief priests, scribes, and Labouring in every variety of circumstances, elders, Jesus in Gethsemane the scene of preaching on the mountain, in the plain, drops of blood, —Judas with a band coming in the temple,–in the synagogue, on the into the garden, apprehended him. sea-side, --in the ship, --in the city, the town, and the village.

7. HIS TRIAL, 7. CHRIST'S PERSON AND WORK OFTEN First before the Sanhedrim, the charge against MISUNDERSTOOD.

him being blasphemy, the witnesses false, Seen in the conduct, and the language of all suborned, and contradictory, sentence of death classes, the disciples, the priests, the rulers, the the Roman governor, the charge sedition, and

pronounced. Secondly before Pontius Pilate common people arising from ignorance, na- the sentence clamorously demanded was crucitional prejudice, and self-righteous pride.


8. HIS DEATH. 8. CHRIST OFTEN OPPOSED AND REVILED. By enemies endeavouring to entangle Him in feted, smitten on the head, crowned with

Suffering manifold indignities, spat on, bufhis sayings, throwing odium upou him as being thorns, arrayed in a purple robe, worshipped of Nazareth, representing him as a companion in derision, and ignominiously crucified on of sinners, a glution and a wine-bibber, and as Calvary nigh to Jerusalem, between two working his miracles by Satanic agency.

malefactors, atended by supernatural dark9. CHRIST PERSECUTED AND CONSPIRED

ness, an earthquake,-rending of the veil of.

the temple,-and the opening of the graves of AGAINST,

saints-witnessed by the women of Galilee, By the Pharisees, the Herodians, the chief priests turion and Roman soldiers, and by many of

John, and Mary the mother of Jesus, the Cena and rulers—wo lay hold on him.

the Jews,--still mock d on the cross-te

behalf of his V.- Various SceneS OF CHRIST's MINISTRY. presented his, prayer on

persecutors,--his promise to the thief,--his 1. TEMPTATION IN TIE WILDERNESS OP charge to John,-his complaint of thirst, -his JUDEA,

attestation of his work being finished, He By Satan for forty days.

commended his spirit into the hand of His

Father-His death designed as an atonement 2. LABOURS AND TRAVELS OF JESUS IN VARIOUS the determination of God through the instru

in the room of sinners,

-effected according to

mentality of the wicked Jews, -variously reIn the districts of Judea, Samaria, Galilee, gurded as foolishnessstumblingblock, or as and beyond Jordan, in the cities of Jerusalem, the wisdom of God. Capernaum, Bethsaida, Cæ area, Philippi, Sychar, Nazareth, etc., preaching the Gospel,

9. HIS BURIAL. coatirming His commission by miraculous The body procured from Pilate-was taken works, calling, ordaining, instructing his down from the cross-wrapt in fine linen with apostles, etc.

spices, and laid in a new tomb---the persons

who took part in it being Joseph of Arima. 3. SOLEMN ENTRY INTO JERUSALEM, thea, Nicodemus, etc. Riding on an ass's colt accompanied by multi. tudes strewing the way with branches of palm

10. HIS RESURRECTION. trees, and tilling the air with exclamations. The tomb secured by a great stone rolled to



the mouth of it-sealed and guarded by a went about doing good, our example in purity, detachment of Roman soldiers was opened in meekness, in self-denial, in patience, and on the morning of the third day by an an in love. descending from heaven Jesus rising again

to life-the event proved by the subsequent

VII. CHRIST'S OFFICES. appearance of Jesus to Mary Magdalene, to the other women from Galilee, to the disciples on their way to Emmaus, to the ten on the Confessed under the designations of prophet of same evening, to the eleven on the following Nazareth, the prophet of the Highest, the prophet Lord's day, at the sea of Tiberias and on a thuit should come into the word, a great prophet, a mountain in Galilee, and by bis frequent and prophet mighty in word and in died, names veri. familiar intercourse during a period of forty fied in foretelling of false Christs, the down. days-resurrection proving-his work was fall of Jerusalem, the treachery of Judas, Peter's finished_approved--the Father giving as first-denial, His own Apprehension and Death, fruits the hope of a resurrection to all his Burial, and Resurrection, etc. people.


(See REDEMPTION.) On the Mount of Olives, and in the presence of His followers, in the act of blessing them,

CHRIST'S OFFICE AS KING, separated from them-seen to ascend and en- King of Zion, King of righteousness, etc., His ter into a cloud, the disciples gazing after Kingdom being universal, eternal, supreme, Him, addressed by two angels, who gave pro- yet subordinate to the Father, Ilis mission mise of His return again to earth, ascension being to glorify the Father, and to finish the necessary for the gift of His Spirit, the prea work which the Father gave Him to do; paring of heaven for His followers, and making exercising this office, accomplishing the con continual intercession for them.

version, sanctification, and glorification of

His people—the subjugation of his enemies at VI-CHRIST'S CHARACTER.

the last day, sitting as Judge of the righteous Humility--intercourse in social life, friend and the wicked, with full power to acquitand ship, instanced in the case of the family of justify the one and condemn and punish the Bethany, uuostentatious manner in which He lother.



THE EXODUS. Traced to Abraham; called a people above all Six hundred thousand marching out of Egypt, others, a holy nation, a kingdom of priests; se- besides women and children, accompanied by lected not because better, or more numerous a mixed multitude, along with flocks and herds; than other nations, but simply of sovereign achieved by the power of God; Egyptian purgrace.

suers drowned in Red sea. HIGH PRIVILEGE OF THE JEWS. Covenant with God, dwelling in his land, - SUBSEQUENT RELATION OF THE JEWS TO EGYPT, protected by his favour,-enjoying the services Forbidden to look back to it, to traffic with of his tabernacle,-the ministrations of His it-to form alliances with it—Egypt a bruised priests, and the teachings of Ilis prophets. reed to trust in, yet in the wilderness Israel

often seeking to return to it. ISRAEL IN EGYPT, Subjected to cruel bondage, described as a ISRAEL IN THE WILDERNESS, state of oppression, an iron furnace, a rigorous For forty years, by the way of the Red sea, service, but sten and cherished by God; greatly Edom and the plains of Moab, led by Jehovah increased in number.

in the pillar of the cloud, fed by manna, and COMMISSION OF MOSES,

water from the flinty rock, defended from

enemies by the Captain of the Lord's host. Given by God at the burning bush to demand the release of the tribes; executed by doing

SINS IN THE WILDERNESS, signs and wonders, calling down plagues upon Pharaoh and his people-cventually leading Murmuring against God, and against Moses forth the chosen people to the land of pro- and Aaron; committing fornication; with the mise

exception of Joshua and Caleb, the entire

generation, abuve twenty years of age, which the captives to return and build Jerusalem, left Egypt in the wilderness, dying.

in conformity with which many went back. ISRAEL IN CANAAN,

(REBUILDING OF JERUSALEM, See under CANAAN.) Conquering the land, destroying thirty-one OPPOSITION TO TIIE RETURNED TRIBES. kings, settled in it, enjoined to separate From the Samaritans, false pretences of themselves from all other nations, were for- friendship, false representations to the king, bidden to make covenant with them.

and active opposition to the undertaking. TIE SAMARITANS,

FINAL DISPERSION OF THE JEWS, In one of the provinces of Palestine in the Predicted by Moses as the consequence of time of our Lord, descended from a colony persisting in disobedience, by Christ as the sent by the king of Assyria during the capti: consequence of rejecting him-was accom. vity; at first entirely idolatrous, but afterwards plished by the Romans under Titus when mingled the ceremonies of the Jews with Jerusalem was destroyed, the Jewish polity their idolatrous rites: held in great aversion broken up, and the people scattered over all by the people of Israel


PROPHECIES REFERRING TO AND ILLUSTRATED Forsaking the worship of God, and turning to

IN THEIR HISTORY. the worship of idols, in following the customs Having allusion to the enemies of Israel, to of surrounding nations, and forming alliances captivity, to a return from it, to the joy at. with them, in hardening their neck," and in dis-tending such a return, to the enlargement of obeying the statutes of Jehovah; famine, and the nation, to Zion attired in beauty, to the pestilence, and war sent upon the people, God Church of Israel as the light of the Gentiles, etc. * forsook His dwelling place," and sent the people into captivity.



The heathen as the Messiah's inheritance, all The ten tribes conquered by Shalmanezer nations flowing to the temple, the isles waitking of Assyria, and carried to Halah, Habor, ing for God's law, incense being offered from etc.; Judah, by Nebuchadnezzar king of Ba- the rising to the setting of the sun, etc. bylon, and carried to Chaldean where thoy remained for seventy years.


Seen, the former in the converts on the CONDITION DURING CAPTIVITY,

day of Pentecost, and in the numerous Their land mourning in solitude, Jerusalem converts to the gospel which were gathersitting in widowhood, Zion covered with a cloud, ed by the apostles from all ranks, the and the other cities of the land as a wilder" latter seen in the obstinacy and zeal' with ness, the people in captivity as weeping by which the nation at large maintained the per. the rivers of Babylon.

petual obligation of the ceremonial law, in

stanced in Peter's preaching to Cornelius, in TIIE PRESERVED REMNANT, the church at Antioch, in the synod at Jeru.

salem. With the promise that they should be gathered again, restored to their own land, and THE CHURCH AMONG THE GENTILES, there again take root, animated by the hope of Made up of believers from all nations, Paul, deliverance, and by the expectation of seeing the Apostle of the Gentiles. their temple again built up.


Involved in God's promise to Abraham, often Accomplished by the proclamation of Cyrus, the theme of prediction by Isaiah, repeatedly who had taken Babylon, granting liberty to foretold by Paul.

JI. LAWS PROTECTING LIFE committed in purpose or fact. Cain, David,

Forbidden, by God to Noah, by the law of NUMAN PENALTY AGAINST MURDER
Moses, by Christ, and by the Apostles-often Life for life without mercy.


and entail, extending to daughters, on certain Punishments natural and supernatural—in conditions, as well as sons this life and in the life to come.


Regulations respecting the recovery of it, the Hatred of Esau towards Jacob, -of the breth. remission of it, pledges in security

of it, caus ren of Joseph towards him—of Haman to: ture; the Lorrower as servant to the lender,

tionary, etc.; many allusions to it in Scrip. wards the captive Jews of Saul toward David Land of the Rulers of the Jews towards


Superiority of master-contracts-Abraham, MURDERS WERE PREVENTED,

Mephibosheth, and Solomon, and their serBy Rebekah, the midwives of Egypt, Jona- vants servants good and bad; the former, than, and by the Spirit of God informing wise and faithful; the latter, as stubborn, un. Elisha of the designs of Ahab.

faithful, and illing their master's houses with

violence. INQUEST, Made in case of the death of a person tak.

VI. ANCIENT SLAVERY. ing place in circumstances of suspicion, de

SLAVERY, volved upon the elders of the nearest city, or service rendered among the patriarchs, attended by a special religious ceremony. under the kings, in the days of Christ and his

apostles, and in foreigu nations as well as in MANSLAUGHTER,

Israel. Or the death of a person undesignedly, that is, as expressed by Moses, not in malice, nor LAW OF SLAVERY, OR BOND-SERVICE, by the use of a lethal weapon, nor by lying in Forbidding all trading in the persons of men, wait--the person implicated required to flee stealing of a Hebrew punished with death, —to one of the cities of refuge, or be exposed to the heathen alone held in bond service, the death from the nearest kinsman or the avenger Hebrew, if so held, might redeem himself, at of blood

all events became free on the year of jubilee, CITIES OF REFUGE,

and whether Hebrew or stranger, servants Situated three on each side of the Jordan, were to be kindly treated by their masters furnished an asylum for the manslayer till the death of the high-priest, when he might Obedience to masters, singliness of heart, per

NEW TESTAMENT PRECEPTS TO SERVANTS. return again to his inheritance, meanwhile not to pass beyond the sacred boundary on formance of duty, not with eye service as men. risk of death.

pleasers; allusions as when Christ's people are

called servants of righteousness, as mide free LAW REGARDING ASSAULT.

by the truth, and when the world is spoken

of as the servints of sin, and as being under the Awarded death for smiting a father or mother, bondage of sin. in other cases recompense for injury done, sometimes a fine in money, and generelly re

POOR L AW. taliation--eye for eye. LAW GUARDING PROPERTY.

An inevitable state of society--the poor shall

never cease out of the land; the poor ye have always Forbidden; its penalty the restoration of the with you. thing stolen, and adding to it, two, four,

BEGGING ALMS. or in some cases seven fold.

In thoroughfares and places of public resort,

as at the gate of the temple, and of rich mens COVETEOUSNESS,

houses, the wayside. Source of theft; is described in Scripture as being greedy of gain, running greed ly after the

RICH AND POOR. error of Baalam; forbidden as idolatry-in. Often alluded to in their appropriate characstanced in Ahab and Jezebel-various kinds teristics; the former,as strong, hmoured, answer. of it.

ing roughly, and having many friends; the latter, KINDS OF DISHONESTY,

using entreaties, being hated, and being separatea False weights and measures, bribery.

from their neighbours LAW OF FIXED PROPERTY,

GOD'S CARE OF THE POOR. Involving peculiar rights of primogeniture Maintaining their right, being their por



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