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SER M. tion made of it in the strongest terms.

I shall only repeat some passages, that are
most obvious. In the cxxxixth Psalm,
the Psalmist expresses his sentiments of it
in very affecting language. O Lord, says
he, thou knowejt my down-fitting, and mine
up-riħng ; whither shall I go from thy Spi-
rit, or whither Mall I flee from thy presence?
If I ascend into heaven thou art there, if I
make

my

bed in bell thou art there also; if I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the fea, even there shall thy hand lead me. If I say, surely the darkness shall cover me, even the night shall be light about me, yea the darkness bidetb not from thee. In like manner it is said in the book of Job, xxxiv. 21. His eyes are upon the ways of man, and be seeth all his goings; there is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may bide tbemselves. So also Solomon expresseth himfelf, 1 Kings viii. 27. But will God indeed drell with men upon eartb? bebold, the beaven, and the beaven of heavens cannot contain tbee. And St. Paul, Acts xvii. says of God, that be is not far from every one of us ; for in bim we live, move, and bave our being

And

VII.

And as the scriptures are thus clear SERM. concerning this divine attribute, so our reason, when calmly consulted, teaches us the same thing. And indeed, the declarations of the gospel have in general, set men upon enquiring farther into religion by their reason, than otherwise, perhaps, they would ever have done. Now from reason we may argue

thus. If we allow, that all things whatsoever we observe in the universe, are the effects of God's power, and that they were created by him, it is plain, that he must have been present with the things when they were made ; for where his power was exerted, there he must be. For no power of a being can act, in a natural way,

where the being itself does not exist. Now we fee, that these works of God, are dispersed through boundless space, in great variety, and some of them to an incomprehensible distance from others, though placed in an exact order or proportion; so that their is a general design carried on in all the parts of the universe, how far foever removed from one another, in the same moment of time. Par. ticularly in the heaven above, we observe an infinite number of glorious bodies,

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placed

VII.

SER M. placed at immense distances from one

another, performing their motions with the greatest exactness and harmony, and having their distances, magnitudes, and figures, fitted in the juftest proportion. Now the Creator, when he made them, must have been present with each of them, to form and poise them, and set them in motion, with such degree of movement, as fitted the orbs they were intended to describe. For how could he act and form things, where he was not? He must have been present at their immense distances, when he stationed those bodies ; neither could they continue in that state any time, without his presence and assistance.--He must still be always prefent with each of them to preserve their motions, and to prevent them from ruin and confusion. A very superficial view of the works of nature, will shew us an infinite

power, exerted at all times, and in all places of the Universe. There is an infinity of new animals and vegetables constantly produced, with an amazing fubtilty of parts, and with all the marks of wisdom and power impreffed upon them; and the operations of nature are incessantly going on, in every

corner ;

VII.

corner; while some things are dying and SÉRM. dissolved, others are rising into being and new formed. And as all things, we observe, are in a continual flux, ever altering their state, fome passing from a more gross and imperfect to a more perfect ; and others, on the contrary, tending to a diffolution and vanishing; and all this without any power or activity of the things themselves; and still in such manher, that the beauty and order of the whole is preserved, and the general plan or design carried on: all this, I say, shews evidently, that the same power which first brought things into being, is ftill employed at all times, in every corner of the universe; for it requires the fame degree of power, constantly to maintain the fuccession of such an infinity of fluctuating things, which it did in the beginning to make them. For how can all those infinitely various operations be carried on at the same time, unless the Divine Architect is

where present to direct and enliven them? And this is more particularly visible, when we consider how animal life is preserved in a vast number of creatures, by a wonderful circulation of Auids and juices in

every

VII.

SERM. their bodies, which seem every moment

to depend upon an invisible mover, and
are all of them fitted to the particular
circumstances of their being; all this can
never be understood, unless we suppose
that the Divine power is every where pre-
sent with them. For how is it possible,
that those Auids can be kept warm, and
circulate in the bodies of animals, with-
out this power continually exerting itself
in them? We see how any other motion
excited by art in such fluids, quickly
ceases. And therefore, there appears
plainly a Divine power continually pre-
sent and acting in every animal. And,
as there is such an infinite number of va-
rious animals dispersed through the uni-
verse, this power must likewise be ex-
tended every where,' and always with
them. If then the same power which
made things, be continually exerted in
all places where there is being, God must
exist wherever his power is, and be pre-
fent with the things where it produces
effects. And therefore, if God must be
present with his works, he must exist in
every part of space in the universe, as
they are scattered through the whole with

an

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