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LEFT LEG. ARG. IX. No. 1. (Page Answ. No. 2.--God de23, 24.) “God decreed to creed to bring his reprobate bring his elect to glory, in to hell in a way of sinning, a way of sanctification, and and in no other way but in no other way but that. that. If so, cries Mr. WesIf so, cries Mr. Wesley, ley, “They shall be damnThey shall be saved, whe- ed,whether they sin or no.ther they are sanctified or - What, notwithstanding

no.' What, notwithstand- their sinning is, itself, an ing their sanctification is, essential branch of the de. itself, an essential branch cree concerning them ?of the decree concerning “ The man may as well them? The man may as affirm, that Paul might well affirin, that Abraham have preached the gospel, might have been the pro- viva voce, in fifty differem genitor of nations, though regions, without travelling he had died in infancy, a step!” (p. 23.) Equally &c. Equally illogical is illogical is Mr. Wesley Mr. Wesley's impudent impudent slander, tha slander, that'' the Elect “ the Reprobate shall be shall be saved, do what they damned, do what they will,' that is, whether they will," that is, whether the be holy or not.'"

be wicked or not.


ARG. X. No. 1.-(Page ANSW. No. 2.--The ric) 20.] “ Paul's travelling, glutton's gluttony, and hi and Paul's utterance, were unmercifulness, were as certainly, and as neces- certainly and as necessaril sarily included in the decree included in the decree ( of the means as his preach the means as his bein ing was determined by the tormented in hell was de decree of the end."

termined by the decree
the end.

Arg. XI, No. 1.-(Page ANSW. No. 2.-Hati 28, 29.) “ Love, when wh en Calvinistically pred

necessarily made to will, it is as void of a self-determining princip as a fire-engine, and of consequence it is, (morally speaking,) as a me machine,


LEFT LEG. [Calvinistically] predica, cated of God, signifies his ted of God, signiớes his eterual ill-urill ; that is, his eternal benevolence; that is everlasting will, purpose, his everlasting will, pur. and determination, to enpose, and determination, thral, curse, and damn his to deliver, bless, and save [reprobated] people.--In his (elect] people. In or- order to the eventual acder to the eventual accom- complishment of that damplishment of that salva- nation in the next world, tion in the next world, wickedness is given themi grace is given them in this, in this, to preserve them to preserve them (and pre- and preserve them it serve them it does) from does) from doing the good doing the evil they other- they otherwise would. This wise would. This is all is all the reprobation the election which Calvin - which Calvinism contends ism, &c., contends for; for ; even a predestination even a predestination to to wickedness and hell. koliness and heaven."

ARG. XII. No. 1.- ANSW. No. 2.--Now, if (Page 33.) “ Now, if it be it be the Father's will, that the Father's will that Satan should lose none of Christ should lose none of his Reprobate; if Satan his Elect; if Christ him- himself, in consequence self, in consequence of of their covenant-donation their covenant-donation to to him, does actually give him, Hoes actually give unto them eternal death, unto thein eternal life, and and solemnly avers, that solemnly avers, that they, they shall never escupe; shall never perish ; if God if God be so against them be so for them, that none that none can hinder their can hinder their salvation, damnation, &c., if they &c., if they cannot be con- cannot be justified, and demned, and nought shall nought shall separate them separate them from the from the hate of Christ; love of Christ ; it clearly it clearly and inevitably. and inevitably follows, follows, that, Not one of that, Not one of the Elect the Reprobate can esco? VOL, IV.




LEFT LEG. can perish : but they must but they must all necess all necessarily be saved. sarily be damned. Which Which Salvation consists Damnation consists as much in the recovery of much in the being stripped moral rectitude below, as of moral rectitude on earth, in the enjoyment of eternal as in the enduring of eterblessedness above."

nal torments in hell.

By such wrested texts, and delusive arguments as these, it is, that Mr. Toplady has vindicated God's holiness upon Calvinian principles. Now, as he requests that Calvinism may stand “

upon its legs," that is, upon absolute election and absolute reprobation ;

I appeal to all the unprejudiced world, have I not made the Diana of the Calvinists stand straight ? Have I not suffered her to rest upon her left leg, as well as upon the right ? If that leg terminates in an horribly cloven foot; is it Mr. Wesley's fault, or mine ? Have we formed the doctrinal image, which is set up in mystical Geneva ? Is the quotation produced in my motto forged? Is not absolute reprobation one of “the doctrines of grace" (so called) as well as absolute election? May I not shew the full face of Calvinism, as well as her side face ? If a man pay me a guinea, have I not a right to suspect that it is false, and to turn it, if he that wants to pass it, will never let me see the reverse of it in a clear light ? Can Mr. Toplady blame ne for holding forth Calvinian reprobation? Can he find fault with me for shewing what he says, I am “ not only bound to shew, but to defend ?” If Calvinisin be “ the doctrine of grace,” which I must engage sinners to espouse, why should I serve her as the soldiers did the thieves on the cross ? Why, at least, should I break one of her legs. If ever I bring her into the pulpit, she shall come up on both her legs.” The chariot of my Diana shall be drawn by the biting serpent, as well as by the silly dove ; I will preach Calvinian reprobation, as well as Calvivian election. I will be a man of “conscience and honour."

and reason,

And now, reader, may I not address thy conscience

and ask : If all the fallen angels had laid their heads together a thousand years, to contrive an artful way of “ reproaching the living God—the Holy One of Israel,' could they have done it more effectually than by getting myriads of Protestants (even all the Calvinists) and myriads of Papists (even all the Dominicans, Jansenists, &c.) to pass the false coin of absolute election and absolute reprobation, with this deceitful alluring inscription--" Necessary holiness unto the Lord,” and this detestable Mauichean motto

Necessary wickedness unto the Lord?” And has not Mr. Toplady presumed too much upon thy credulity, in supposing, that thou wouldst never have wisdom enough to look at the black reverge of the shining medal, by which he wants to bribe thee into Calvinism ?

on the reyerse,


An Answer to some Appeals to Scripture and Reason, by which Mr. Toplady attempts to support the Absoluteness and Holiness of the Calvinian Decrees. Let us see if Mr. Toplady is happier in the choice of his scriptural and rational illustrations, than in that of his arguments. To shew that God's decrees, respecting man's life and salvation, are absolute, or (which is all one) to shew that the decree of the end necessarily includes the decree of the means, he appeals to the case of Hezekiah, thus :

Ang. XIII. (Page 20.y—“God resolved that Hezekiah should live fifteen years longer than Hezekiah expected, &c. It was as much comprised in God's decree that Hezekiah should eat, drink, and sleep, during those fifteen years; and that he should not jump into the sea, &c., as that fifteen years should be added to his life.”—From this quotation it is evident, that Mr. Toplady would have us believe, that none of God's

decrees are conditional: that when God decrees the end, he does it always in such a manner, as to ensure the means necessary in order to bring about the end ; and that Hezekiah is applied to, as a proof of this doctrine. Unfortunate appeal! If I had wanted to prove just the contrary, I do not know where I should have found an example more demonstrative of Mr. Toplady's mistake : Witness the following account. 'Hezekial was sick un to death ; and Isaiah came to hini and said, Thus saith [thus decrees] the Lord, Set thy house in order ; for thou shalt die, and not live.' (Is. xxxviii. 1.) Here is an explicit, peremptory decree ;-4 decree where no condition is expressed ;-a decree which wears a negative aspect, “Thou shalt not live,' and a positive form, ' Thou shalt die.' The means of executing the decree was already upon Hezekiah : He was

sick unto death.' And yet, so far was he from thinking that the decree of the end absolutely included that of the means, that he set himself upon praying for life and health; yea, upou doing it as a Jewish perfectionist. “Then Hezekiah turned his face towards the wall, and prayed, Remember now, O Lord, I beseech thee, how I have walked before thee with a perfeci heart, &c., and Hezekiah wept sore. Then came the word of the Lord to Isaiah, saying, Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith (thus decreeth] the Lord, ! have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears ; behold I will add unto thy days, fifteen years.' (Ver. 2, 5.) From this account it is evident, that Hezekiah might as easily have reversed the decree about his life, by stabbing or drowning himself, as he reversed the decree about his DEATH, by weeping and praying; and that Mr. Toplady has forgotten himself as much in producing the case of Hezekiah in support of Calvinism, as if he had appealed to our Lord's sermon on the mount in defence of the lawless gospel of the day.

A kind of infatuation attends the wisest men, who openly fight the battles of error. In the end, their swords, like that of the champion of the Philistines, do their cause more mischief than service. Mr. Toplady

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