« PreviousContinue »
10 And he set the sea on the right side of the
CHAPTER V. east end, over against the south.
The temple being built and furnished for God, we have here, J. Poasession given to 11 And Huram made the pots, and the shovels,
him by bringing in the dedicated things, v. I, but especially the ark, the woken
of his presence. v. 2-10. II. Possession taken by him, in a cloud, v. l1--14. and the basins. And Huram finished the work For if any inan open the door of his beart to God, he will come in. Rev, 3. 20. that he was to make for king Solomon for the house Thouse at the work that Solomon made for the
12 To wit, the two pillars, and the pommels, and brought in all the othings that David his father had the chapiters, which were on the top of the two pil- dedicated; and the silver, and the gold, and all the lars, and the iwo wreaths to cover the two pommels instruments, put he among the treasures of the of the chapiters which were on the pillars;
house of God. 13 And four hundred pomegranates on the two 2 Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, wreaths; two rows of pomegranates on each wreath, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the to cover the two pommels of the chapiters which fathers of the children of Israel, unto Jerusalem, to were upon the pillars.
bring up the ark dof the covenant of the LORD out 14 He made also bases, and slavers made he i of the city of David, which is Zion upon the bases;
3 Wherefore all the men of Israel assembled 15 One sea, and twelve oxen under it.
themselves unto the king, in the feast śwhich was 16 The pots also, and the shovels, and the flesh- in the seventh month. hooks, and all their instruments, did Huram this 4 And all the elders of Israel came; and the father make to king Solomon, for the house of the Levites took up the ark. LORD, of "bright brass.
5 And they brought up the ark, and the taber17 In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in nacle of the congregation, and all the holy vessels the "clay-ground between Succoth and Zeredathah. that were in the tabernacle, these did the priests and
18 Thus Solomon made all these vessels in great the Levites bring up. abundance: for the weight of the brass could not be 6 Also king Solomon, and all the congregation of found out.
Israel that were assembled unto him before the ark, 19 And Solomon made all the vessels that were sacrificed sheep and oxen, which could not be told for the house of God, the golden altar also, and the nor numbered for multitude. tables whereon the show-bread "was set;
7 And the priests brought in the ark of the 20 Moreover the candlesticks with their lamps, covenant of the LORD unto his place, to the oracle that they should burn after the manner, before the of the house, into the most holy place, even under oracle, of pure gold;
the wings of the cherubims :: 21 And the flowers,k and the lamps, and the tongs, 8 For the cherubims spread forth their wings made he of gold, and that perfect** gold :
over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered 22 And the snuffers, and the basins, and the the ark and the kstaves thereof above. spoons, and the censers, of pure gold : and the entry 9 And they drew out the staves of the ark, that of the house, the inner doors thereof for the most the ends of the staves were seen from the ark before holy place, and the doors of the house of the temple, the oracle, but they were not seen without. And were of gold.
*there it is unto this day. 1 face of the s i Kings 7. 27, 43.
it or, bowla. 1 Kings 7.51. 6 I Chr. 22. 14. c 1 Kings 8.1, &c. d Num. 10.
e 2 Sam. 6. 12. Pa, 2. 6. 87. 2. 132. 13–17. & c. 7. 8-10. A Ps. 132 of the ground. A Ex. 25. 30.' i Ex. 27. 20, 21. ok Ex. 25. 31, &c. ** perfections
or, they are there, a
t finished to make. onldrons & 1 King 7. 14, 45. mide bright, or, scoured. of gold
thicknesses 33, 36.
8. i Ex. 37. 7–9. Heb. 9. 4, 5.
k Ex. 37. 3-5.
of that one which was in the tabernacle, v. 7. The written not add to the holiness; for it was the temple that sanctified the word is a lamp and a light, shining in a dark place. In Moses's gold, Matt. 23. 17. See how just Solomon was both to God time, they had but one candlestick, the Pentateuch; but the and to his father. Whatever David had dedicated to God, additions, which, in process of time, were to be made of other however much he might have liked it himself, he would by no books of scripture, might be signified by this increase of the means alienate it, but
put it among the treasures of the temple. number of the candlesticks. Light was growing. The candle-Those children that would inherit their godly parents' blessing, sticks are the churches, Rev. 1. 20. Moses set up but one, the must religiously pursue their pious intentions, and not defeat church of the Jews; but, in the Gospel temple, not only be- them. When Solomon had made all the vessels of the temple lievers, but churches, are multiplied.
in abundance, (ch. 4. 18,) many of the materials were left, which 2. There were ten golden tables, (v. 1;) tables whereon the he would not convert to any other use, but laid it up in the treashow-bread was set, v. 19. Perhaps every one of the tables had sury for a time of need. Dedicated things must not be alienated. twelve loaves of show-bread on it. As the house was enlarged, It is sacrilege to do it. the housekeeping was. In my Father's house there is bread 2. But it was fit that the ark should be brought in with great enough for the whole family. To those tables belonged a hun-solemnity; and so it was. All the other vessels were made dred golden basins, or dishes; for God's table is well furnished. new, and larger, in proportion to the house, than they had been
3. There was a golden altar, (v. 19,) on which they burned in the tabernacle; but the ark, the mercy-seat and the cheruincense. It is probable that this was enlarged in proportion to bims, was the same ; for the presence and the grace of God are the brazen altar. Christ, who, once for all, made atonement the same in little assemblies ihat they are in large ones, in the for sin, ever lives, making intercession, in virtue of that atone- poor condition of the church, that they are in its prosperous
estate; wherever two or three are gathered together in Christ's V. 11-22. We have here such a summary, both of the name, there is he as truly present with them, as if there were brass work and the gold work of the temple, as we had before, two or three thousand. The ark was brought in, attended by (1 Kings 7. 13, &c.) in which we have nothing more to observe a very great assembly of the elders of Israel, who came to grace than, (i.) That Huram the workman was very punctual: he the solemnity; and a very sumptuous appearance, no doubt, finished all that he was lo make, (v. 11,) and left no part of his they made, v. 2–4. It was carried by the priests, (v. 7,) work undone. Huram his father, he is called, v. 16. Probably, brought into the most holy place, and put under the wings of it was a sort of a nickname by which he was commonly known, the great cherubim which Solomon had set up there, v. 7, 8. Father Huram ; for the king of Tyre called him Huram Abi | There they are unto this day; not the day when this book was my father; in compliance with whom Solomon called him his written after the captivity, but when that was written, out of he being a great artist, and father of the artificers in brass and which this story was transcribed. Or they were there (so it iron. He acquitted himself well, both for ingenuity and indus- might better be read) unto this day, the day of Jerusalem's detry. (2.) Solomon was very generous. He made all the ves- solations, that fatal day, Ps. 137. 7. The ark was a type of sels in great abundance, (v. 18,) many of a sort that many hands Christ, and, as such, a token of the presence of God. That might be employed, and so the work might go on with expedi- gracious promise, Lo, I am with you always, even unto the end tion; or that some might be laid up for use when others were of the world, does, in effect, bring the ark into our religious worn out. Freely he has received, and he will freely give. assemblies, if we by faith and prayer, put that promise in suit; When he had made vessels enough for the present, he would and this we should be most solicitous and earnest for; Lord, not convert the remainder of the brass to his own use; it is if thy presence go not up with us, wherefore should we go up devoted to God, and it shall be used for him.
The temple itself, if Christ leave it, is a desolate place, Matt. 23. 38.
3. With the ark they brought up the tabernacle, and all the V.1–10. This agrees with what we had, 1 Kings 8, 2, &c. holy vessels that were in the tabernacle, v. 5. They were not where an account was given of the solemn introducing of the ark alienated, because they had been dedicated to God; not altered into the new erected temple.
or melted down for the new work, because there was no need 1. There needed no great solemnity for the bringing in of the of them: but they were carefully laid up as monuments of andedicated things, v. 1. "They added to the wealth, and perhaps tiquity; and, probably, as many of the vessels as were fit for were so disposed as to add io the beauty of it; but they could use, were still used,
NOTES TO CHAPTER V.
m c. 35. 4.
nl Chr. 25. 1.
I Deut. 10. 2-5. • or, where. o I Chr. 15. 24. Ps. 68. 25.
Ex. 40. 35. c. 7. 2. Ez, 10. 4. Rev. 15.8.
c Num. 6. 23—27. d Neh. 8. 5. e Luka
A I Chr. 28. 4. 2 Ss. 7. 2,60.
b Lev. 16. 2.
10 There was nothing in the ark save the two THEN -said Solomon, The Lord hath said that tables which Moses 'put therein at Horeb, *when
. the Lord made a covenant with the children of 2 But I have built an house of habitation for Israel, when they came out of Egypt.
thee, and a place for thy dwelling for ever. 11 And it came to pass, when the priests were 3 And the king turned his face, and blessed the come out of the holy place; (for all the priests that whole congregation of Israel: and all the congrewere tpresent were sanctified, and did not then wait gation of Israel stood :/ by course :
4 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, 12 Also nthe Levites, which were the singers, all who hath with his hands fulfilled that which he of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with spake with his mouth to my father David, saying, their sons and their brethren, being arrayed in white 5 Since the day that I brought forth my people linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, out of the land of Egypt, I chose no city among all stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an the tribes of Israel to build an house in, that my hundred and twenty priests sounding with trum- name might be there; neither chose I any man to pets ;)
be a ruler over my people Israel : 13 It came even to pass, as the trumpeters and 6 But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name singers were as one, to make one Psound to be heard might be there; and have chosen David to be over in praising and thanking the LORD; and when they my people Israel. listed up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals 7 Now it was in the heart of David my father to and instruments of music, and praised the LORD, build an house for the name of the Lord God of saying, For she is good for his mercy endureth Israel. for ever : that then the house was filled with a 8 But the LORD said to David my father, Forascloud, even the house of the LORD;
much as it was in thine heart to build an house for 14 So that the priests could not stand to minister my name, thou didst well in that it was in thine by reason of the cloud; for rthe glory of the LORD heart: had filled the house of God.
9 Notwithstanding, thou shalt not build the
house; but thy son which shall come forth out of CHAPTER VI.
thy loins, he shall build the house for my name. The glory of the Lord, in the vehicle of a thick cloud, having filled the house which 10 The Lord therefore hath performed his word Solomon built, by which God manifested
his presence tlure, he immediately in that he hath spoken; for I am risen up in the room mander, nigh at hand. 1. He makes a solemn declaration of his intention in of David my father, and am set kon the throne of which he blessed, v. 1-11. II. He makes a dolemn prayer to Goicou, that he would Israel, as the Lord promised,' and have built the please graciously to accept and answer all the prayers that should be made in house for the name of the LORD God of Israel: litule variation, 1 Kings 8. 12–53, to which it may not be a miss here to look back. 11 And in it have I put nihe ark, wherein is the † found.
Ps. 18. 11. Nah. 1. 3. Heb. 12. 18. p Rev.5. 8-14 91 Chr 16. 34-41. Ps. 136.
s Deut. 12.5, 11. & c. 12. 13. a 1 Kinga 8. 12, &c.
1 Chr. 28.2, &c. I Chr. 29. 2. 11 Chr. 17. 11. * c.5. 7, 10. 4. This was done with great joy. They kept a holy feast or bullock, Ps. 69. 31. All the singers and musicians were emupon the occasion, (v. 3,) and sacrificed sheep and oren without ployed, those of each of the three families; and, to complete the number, v. 6. Note, (1.) The establishment of the public wor- concert, one hundred and twenty priests, with their trumpets, ship of God, according to his institution, and with the tokens of joined with them, all standing at the east end of the altar, on that his presence, is, and ought to be, matter of great joy to any side of the court which lay outmost toward the people, o.12. And people. (2.) When Christ is formed in a soul, the law written when this part of the service began, the glory of God appeared. in the heart, the ark of the covenant settled there, so that it be- Observe, (1.) It was when they were unanimous, when they comes the temple of the Holy Ghost, there is true satisfaction were as one, io make one sound. The Holy Ghost desceniled on in that soul., 13.) Whatever we have the comfort of, we must, the apostles, when they met with one accord, Acts 2.1. Where by the sacrifices of praise, give God the glory of, and not be unity is, the Lord commands the blessing. (2.) It was when they straitened therein; for with such sacrifices God is well pleased. were lively and hearty, and lifted up their voice to praise the If God favour us with his presence, we must honour him with Lord. Then we serve God acceptably, when we are fervent in our services, the best we have.
spirit, serving him. (3.) It was when they were, in their V.11-14. Solomon, and the elders of Israel, had done what praises, celebrating the everlasting mercy and goodness of God. they could to grace the solemnity of the introduction of the ark; As there is no one saying oftener repeated in scripture than this, but God, by testifying his acceptance of what they did, put the His mercy endureth for ever, (twenty-six times in one psalm, Ps. greatest honour upon it. The cloud of glory that filled the house, 136, and oftener elsewhere, so there is none more signally owned beautifed it more than all the gold with which it was overlaid, from heaven; for it was not the expression of some rapturous or the precious stones with which it was garnished; and yet flights that the priests were singing when the glory of God that was no glory, in comparison with the glory of the Gospel appeared, but this plain song, He is good, and his mercy ensureth dispensation, 2 Cor. 3. 8-10. Observe,
This should endear those words to us. God's good1. How God took possession of the temple; he filled it with ness is his glory, and he is pleased when we give him the glory a cloud, v. 13. 1. Thus he signified his acceptance of this tem- of it. ple to be the same to him, that the tabernacle of Moses was, and III. What was the effect of it. The priests themselves could assured them that he would be the same in it; for it was by a not stand to minister, by reason of the cloud, (v. 14,) which, as cloud that he made his public entry into that, Ex. 40. 34. it was an evidence that the law made
men priests that had 2. Thus he considered the weakness and infirmity of those to infirmity, so as (Bishop Patrick observes) it was a plain intimawhom he manifested himself, who could not bear the dazzling tion that the Levitical priesthood should cease, and stand no lustre of the divine light, it would have overpowered them; he longer to minister, when the Messiah should come, in whom therefore spreads a cloud upon it, Job 26. 9. Christ revealed the fulness of the Godhead should dwell bodily. In him the things unto his disciples as they were able to bear him, and glory of God dwelt among us, but covered with a cloud,
The in parables, which wrapped up divine things as in a cloud. Word was made flesh; and when he comes to his temple, like 3. Thus he would affect all that worshipped in his courts with a refiner's fire, who may abide the day of his coming? And who holy reverence and fear. Christ's disciples were afraid when shall stand when he appeareth? Mal, 3. 1,2. they entered into a cloud, Luke 9, 34. 4. Thus he would intimate the darkness of that dispensation, by reason of which, they could not steadfastly look to the end of those things which were V.1-11. It is of great consequence, in all our religious actions, now abolished, 2 Cor. 3. 13.
that we design well, and that our eye be single. If Solomon II. When he took possession of it. 1. When the priests had built this temple in the pride of his beart, as Ahasuerus were come out of the holy place, v. 11. This is the way of made his feast, only to show the riches of his kingdom, and the giving possession. All must come out, that the rightful owner honour of his majesty, it would not have turned at all to his inay come in.
Would we have God dwell in our hearts? We account. But he here declares upon what inducements he unmust leave room for him; let every thing else give way. We dertook it, and they are such as not only justify, but magnify, are here told, that upon this occasion the whole family of the the undertaking. priests attended, and not any one particular course; all the 1. He did it for the glory and honour of God; this was his priests that were present, were sanctified, (v. 11,) because there highest and ultimate end in it. It was for the name of the Lord was work enough for them all, when such a multitude of sacri God of Israel, (v. 10,) to be a house of habitation for him, v. 2. fices were to be offered, and because it was fit that they should He has indeed, as to us, made darkness his pavilion, (v. 1:) but all be eyewitnesses of this solemnity, and receive the impres- let this house be the residence of that darkness; for it is in the sions of it. 2. When the singers and musicians praised God, upper world that he dwells in light, such as no eye can approach. then the house was filled with a cloud. This is very observ 2. He did it in compliance with the choice God had been able ; it was not when they offered sacrifices, but when they sang pleased to make of Jerusalem, to be the city in which he would the praises of God, that God gave them this token of favour; for record his name ; (v. 6,) I have chosen Jerusalem. A great the sacrifice of praise pleaseth the Lord better than that of an ox | many-stately buildings there were in Jerusalem for the king,
NOTES TO CHAPTER VI.
covenant of the LORD, that he made with the shall Smake toward this place: hear thou from thy children of Israel.
dwelling-place,y even from heaven, and when thou 12 And he stood before the altar of the Lord, in hearest, forgive. the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and 22 If a man sin against his neighbour, and "an spread forth his hands,
oath be laid upon him to make him swear, and the 13 (For Solomon had made a brazen scaffold, of oath come before thine altar in this house; five cubits long, and five cubits broad, and three 23 Then hear thou from heaven, and do, and cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court; judge thy servants, hy requiting the wicked, by and upon it he stood, and kneeled down upon his recompensing his way upon his own head; and by knees before all the congregation of Israel, and justifying the righteous, by giving him according to spread forth his hands toward heaven)
his righteousness. 14 And said, O Lord God of Israel, there is Pno 24 And if thy people Israel be "put to the worse God like thee in the heaven, nor in the earth; which before the enemy, because they have sinned against skeepest covenant, and showest mercy unto thy ser- thee, and shall return and confess thy name, and vants that walk before thee with all their hearts : pray and make supplication before thee **in this
15 Thou which hast kept with thy servant David house; my father that which thou hast promised rhim; and 25 Then hear thou from the heavens, and forgive spakest with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again thine hand, as it is this day.
unto the land which thou gavest to them and to 16 Now therefore, O LORD God of Israel, keep their fathers. with thy servant David my father that which thou 26 When the heaven is shut up, and there is no hast promised 'him, saying, There shall not tsail rain, because they have sinned against thee; yet if thee a man in my sight to sit upon the throne of they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, Israel; yet so "that thy children take heed to their and turn from their sin, when thou dost afflict them; way to walk in my law, as thou hast walked before 27 Then hear thou from heaven, and forgive the
sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, when 17 Now then, O Lord God of Israel, let thy word thou hast taught them the good way wherein they be verified, which thou hast spoken unto thy servant should walk; and send rain "upon thy land, which David.
thou hast given unto thy people for an inheritance. 18 But will God in very deed dwell with "nien on 28 If there be dearth din the land, if there be pesthe earth? Behold," heaven and the heaven of hea- tilence, if there be blasting, or mildew, locusts, or vens cannot contain thee; how much less this house caterpillars; if their enemies besiege them in the which I have built!
#cities of their land; whatsoever sore, or what19 Have respect, therefore, to the prayer of thy soever sickness, there be; servant, and to his supplication, O LORD my God, 29 Then what prayer or what supplication soever to hearken unto the cry and the prayer which thy shall be made of any man, or of all thy people Israel, servant prayeth before thee:
when every one shall know his own sore and his 20 That thine eyes may be open *upon this house own grief, and shall spread forth his hands in this day and night, upon the place whereof thou hast house; said that thou wouldest put thy name there ; to
30 Then hear thou from heaven thy dwellinghearken unto the prayer which thy servant prayeth place, and forgive, and render unto every man toward this place.
according unto all his ways, whose heart thou know21 Hearken, therefore, unto the supplications of est; (for thou only knowest the hearts of the children thy servant, and of thy people Israel, which they of men :)
p Ex. 15. II. 11 he require an oath of him. z 2 Kings 9. 20. Ps. 10. 14. Jer. 28. 16, 17, 51, 56. !! or, amitten. or, toward. Ps. 106. 40-47. 61 Kings 17. 18. Is. 5. 6.
Ez. 34. 26. Hos. 2. 21, 22. d , 20, 5-13. e Joel l. 4, 11 2. tt land of their gates. s c. 32. 24. Jam, 5, 13. & Ps. 32. 2-6. 142. 1, 2.
11 or, toward. A Ps. 62. 12. his princes, and the royal family. If God choose that place, it all that serve him in sincerity, shall certainly find him both is fit that there be a building for him, which may excel all the faithful and kind. Those that set God always before them, rest. Were men thus honoured there, let God be thus honoured. and walk before him with all their hearts, shall find him as good
3. He did it in pursuance of his father's good intentions, which as his word, and better; he will both keep covenant with them, he never had an opportunity to put in execution. It was in the and show mercy to them, v. 14. 3. That he is a Being infinite heart of David my father, lo build a house for God; the project and immense, whom the heaven, and heaven of heavens, canwas his, be it known, to his honour, (v.7,) and God approved not contain, and to whose felicity nothing is added by the utmost of it, though he permitted him not to put it in execution; (v. 8,) we can do in his service, v. 18. He is infinitely beyond the Thou dilst well that it was in thine heart. Temple work is often bounds of the creation, and infinitely above the praises of all thus done; one sows, and another reaps, (John 4. 37, 38 :) one intelligent creatures. 4. That he, and he only, knows the hearts age begins that which the next brings to perfection; and let not of the children of men, v. 30. All men's thoughts, aims, and the wisest of men think it any disparagement to them, to pursue affections, are naked and open before him; and, however the the good designs which those that went before them have laid, imaginations and intents of our hearts may be concealed from and to build upon their foundation. Every good piece is not men, angels, and devils, they cannot be hid from God, who knows an original.
not only what is in the heart, but the heart itself, and all the 4. He did it in performance of the word which God had spoken. beatings of it. 5. That there is no such thing as a sinless perGod had said, Thy son shall build the house for my name; and fection to be found in this life ; (v. 36,) There is no man which now he had done it, v. 9, 10. The service was appointed him, sinneth nol; nay, which doelh good and sinneth not; so he writes, and the honour of it designed him, by the divine promise ; só agreeable to what he here says, Ec. 7. 20. that he did not do it of his own head, but was called of God to II. Here are some suppositions or cases put, which are to be do it. It is fit that he who appoints the work, should have the taken notice of. 1. He supposes that if doubts and controverappointing of the workmen; and those may go on in their work sies arose between man and man, both sides would agree to with great satisfaction, who see their call to it clear.
appeal to God, and lay an oath upon the person whose testimony V. 12—42. Solomon had, in the foregoing verses, signed and must decide the matter, v. 22. The religious reverence of an sealed, as it were, the deed of dedication, by which the temple oath, as it was ancient, so, it may be presumed, it will continue was appropriated to the honour and service of God. Now here as long as there are any remains of conscience and right reason he prays the consecration prayer, by which it was made a figure among men. 2. He supposes that though Israel enjoyed a proof Christ, the great Mediator, through whom we are to offer all found peace and tranquillity, troublesome times would come. our prayers, and to expect all God's favours, and to whom we He did not think the mountain of their prosperity stood so strong are to have an eye in every thing wherein we have to do with but that it might be moved; nay, he expected sin would move God.
it. 3. He supposes that those who had not called upon God at We opened the particulars of this prayer, 1 Kings 8. and other times, yet, in their affliction, would seek him early and therefore shall now only glean up some few passages in it which earnestly." When they are in distress, they will confess their may be the proper subjects of our meditation.
sing and confess thy name, and make supplication to thee.” 1. Here are some doctrinal truths occasionally laid down. Trouble will drive those to God, who had said to him, Depart, As, 1. That the God of Israel is a Being of incomparable per- v. 24, 26, 28. 4. He supposes that strangers would come from fection. We cannot describe him; but this we know, there is afar to worship the God of Israel, and to pay homage to him; none like him in heaven or in earth, v. 14. All the crealures have and this also might reasonably be expected, considering what their fellow-creatures, but the Creator has not his peer. He is worthless things the gods of the nations were, and what proofs infinitely above all, and over all, God blessed for ever. 2. That the God of Israel had given of his being Lord of the whole earth. he is, and will be, true to every word that he has spoken; and III. Here are petitions very pertinent.
n 1 Kings 8. 22, &c. • the length thereof, &c. o Neh. 8. 4.
tor, in. Spray. y c. 30. 27.
c Jer. 5. 24.
31 That they may fear thee, to walk in thy whither they have carried them captives, and pray ways, *so long as they live 'ju the land which thou toward their land, which thou gavest unto their gavest unto our fathers.
fathers, and toward the city which thou hast chosen, 32 Moreover concerning the istranger, which is and toward the house which I have built for thy not of thy people Israel, but is come from a far name: country for thy great name's sake, and thy mighty 39 Then chear thou from the heavens, even from hand, and thy stretched-out arm; if they come and thy dwelling-place, their prayer and their supplipray in this house;
cations, and maintain their ** cause, and forgive thy 33 Then hear thou from the heavens, even from people which have sinned against thee. thy dwelling-place, and do according to all that the 40 Now, my God, let, I beseech thee, thine eyes stranger calleih to thee for; that all people of the be open, and let thine ears be attent unto the prayer earth may know thy name, and fear thee, as doth that is made in this place. thy people Israel, and may know that this house 41 Now therefore arise, O LORD God, into thy which I have built is called by thy name.
resting place, thou, and the ark of thy strength: 34 If thy people go out to war magainst their let thy priests, O LORD God, be clothed with salvaenemies by the way ihat thou shalt send them, and tion, and let thy saints rejoice in goodness." they pray unto thee toward this city which thou 42 O LORD God, turn not away the face of thine hast chosen, and the house which I have built for anointed : remember the 'mercies of David thy thy name;
servant. 35 Then hear thou from the heavens their prayer
CHAPTER VII. and their supplication, and maintain their scause. 36 If they sin against thee, (for "there is no man In this chapter we have God's answer to Solomon's prayer, I. His public answer
by tire from heaven, which consumed the sacrifices, v. 1, with which the priesto which sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them,
and people were much affected, v. 2, 3. By that token of God's acreptance, and deliver them over before their enemies, and they were encouraged to continue the solemnities of the least for fourteeb days,
and Solomon was encouraged to pursue all hie design for the bodour of God, they carry them away captives unto a land far off 4-11. 11. His private answer by word of mouth, in a dream or vision of the
night, v. 12-22.' Most of these things we had before, 1 Kings 8. and 9. or near:
37 Yet if they "bethink themselves in the land whither they are carried captive, and turn and pray ing, the fire bcame down from heaven, and unto thee in the land of their captivity, saying, We consumed the burnt-offering and the sacrifices'; and have sinned, we have done amiss, and have dealt the glory of the Lord filled the house. wickedly;
2 And the priests could not enter into the house 38 If pthey return to thee with all their heart and of the Lord, because the glory of the LORD had with all their soul in the land of their captivity, filled the Lord's house. • all the days thich. f upon the face of. i Is. 56. 3, 6, 7. John 10. 16, Acts & p Jer. 29. 12-14. 9 Dan. 6. 10. Dan. 9. 16-19. ** or, right. to the 27–39. Eph. 2. 12, 13. k' P. 46. 10. I Jer. 10, 7 : thy none is called upou prayer of this place. • Pe. 132.8, &c. ! 1 Chr. 28. 2. Is. 66. I. Neb. this house. IX c. 14. 11. 12. 20. 4, &c. n Pa, 9. 3, 4. Sor, righr. o Ec. 7. 9. 25. P. 65. 4, 11. Zech. 9. 17. tls. 55. 3. 4 1 Kinga 8. 54, &c. Es. 20. Jam. 3. 2. 1 John 1. 8. they that take them captives carry them away. 29. 43. Lev. 9. 24. Judg. 6. 21. 1 Kings 18. #. i Chr. 21. 26. Mal. 3. 1, 2. bring back to their heart
c c. 5. 13, 14. Ez. 10. 3, 4. 1. That God would own this house, and have an eye to it, | faction of all the Lord's people. Let thy saints rejoice in goodness, as the place of which he said that he would put his name there, that is, in the goodness of thy house, Ps. 65. 4. Let all that come
He could not, in faith, have asked 'God to show such hither to worship, like the eunuch, go away rejoicing. He peculiar favour to this house above any other, if he himself had pleads two things, v. 42. (1.) His own relation to God: "Turn not said that it should be his rest for ever. The prayer that not away the face of thine anointed. Lord, thou hast appointed will speed, must be warranted by the word. We may therefore me to be king, and will not thou own me?" (2.) God's corewith humble confidence pray to God to be well pleased with us nant with his father: Remember the mercies of David thy servant. in Jesus Christ, because he has declared himself well pleased The piety of David toward God, so some understand it, so the in him; This is my beloved Son; but he says not now of any word sometimes signifies, his pious care of the ark, and concern house, “This is my beloved place."
for it. See Ps. 132. 1, 2, &c. Or, the promises of God to David, 2. That God would hear and accept the prayers which should which were mercies to him, his great support and comfort in all be made in, or toward, that place, v. 21. He asks not that God his troubles. We may plead, as Solomon does here, with an should help them, whether they prayed for themselves or no, eye to Christ. We deserve that God should turn away our face, but that God would help them, in answer to their prayers. Even that he should reject us and our prayers; but we come in the Christ's intercessions do not supersede, but encourage, our sup name of the Lord Jesus, thine anointed, thy Messiah, so the plications. He prays that God would hear from his dwelling word is; thy Chrisl, so the LXX. Him thou hearest always, place, even from heaven; that is his dwelling-place suill; not and wilt never turn away his face. We have no righteousness this temple; and thence help must come. When thou hearest, of our own to plead, but, Lord, remember the mercies of Darid forgive. Note, The forgiveness of one sin, is that which makes thy servant. Christ is God's Servant, (Is. 42.1,) and is called way for all the other answers to our prayers, Removendo pro- David, Hos. 3. 5. Lord, remember his mercies, and accept of hibens-The evil which it drives away, it keeps away.
us on the account of them. Remember his tender concern for 3. That God would give judgment according to equity, upon his Father's honour, and man's salvation, and what he did and all the appeals that should be inade to him, v. 23, 30. This we suffered from that principle. Remember the promises of the may, in faith, pray for, for we are sure it shall be done. God everlasting covenant, which free grace has made to us in Chrisi, sittelh on the throne, judging right.
and which are called the sure mercies of David, Is. 55. 3, and 4. That God would return in mercy to his people, when they Acts 13. 34. This must be all our desire, and all our hope, all repented and reformed, and sought unto him, v. 25, 27, 38, 39. our prayer, and all our plea, for it is all our salvation. This we also may, in faith, pray for, building upon the repeated declarations God has made of his readiness to accept penitents.
NOTES TO CHAPTER VII. 5. That God would bid the strangers welcome to this house, V. 1-11. Here is, and answer their prayers, (v. 33 ;) for if there be in duty, why 1. The gracious return which God immediately made to should there not be in privilege, one law for the stranger, and Solomon's prayer. The fire came down from heaven, and one born in the land, Lev. 24. 22.
consumed the sacrifice, v. 1. In this way, God testified his ac 6. That God would, upon all occasions, own and plead the ceptance of Moses, (Lev. 9. 24,) of Gideon, (Judg. 6. 21,) of cause of his people Israel, against all the opposers of it, (v. 35,) David, (1 Chr. 21. 26,) of Elijah, (1 Kings 18. 38 :) and, in maintain their cause; and again, v. 39. If they be the Israel general, to accept the burnt-sacrifice, is, in the Hebrew pbrase, of God, their cause is the cause of God, and he will espouse il. to turn it to ashes, Ps. 20. 3. The fire came down here, not
Lastly, He concludes this prayer with some expressions, upon the killing of the sacrifices, but the praying of the prayer. which he had learned of his good father, and borrowed from one This fire intimated that God was, 1. Glorious in himself: for of his psalms. We had them not in the Kings, but here we have our God is a consuming Fire, terrible even in his holy places. them, v. 41, 42. The whole word of God is of use to direct us This fire breaking forth (as it is probable) out of the thick in prayer; and how can we express ourselves in better language darkness, made it the more terrible, as on mount Sinai, Ex. to God, than that of his own Spirit? But these words were of 24. 16, 17. The sinners in Zion had reason to be afraid at this use, in a special manner, to direct Solomon, because they had sight, and to say, Who among us sholl dwell near this devouring reference to this very work, that he was now doing. We have fire? Is. 33. 14. And yet, 2. Gracious to Israel; for this fire, them, Ps. 132.8---10. Ho prays, (v. 41,) (1.) That God would which might justly have consumed them, fastened upon the take possession of the temple, and keep possession; that he sacrifice which was offered in their stead, and consumed that ; would make it his resting-place. Thou and the ark; what will by which God signified to them, that he accepted their offerthe ark do without the God of the ark? Ordinances without the ings, and that his anger was turned away from them. Let us God of the ordinances? (2.) That he would make the ministers apply this, (1.) To the sufferings of Christ; when it pleased of the temple public blessings, clothe them with salvation, that is, the Lord to bruise him, and put him to grief, in that he showed not only save them, but make them instrumental to save others, his good will to men, having laid on him the iniquity of all. by offering the sacrifices of righteousness. (3.) That the ser. His death was our life, and he was made sin and a curse, that vice of the temple might turn abundantly to the joy and satis- we might inherit righteousness and a blessing. That sacrifice
* ls. 45. 19.
1 upon whom my name is called. 1 Jam. 4. 10. m Acts 9. 11.
3 And when all the children of Israel saw how pand the king's house : and all that came into Solothe fire came down, and the glory of the LORD upon mon's heart to make in the house of the Lord, and the house, they bowed themselves with their faces in his own house, he prosperously effected. to the ground upon the pavement, and worshipped, 12 And the Lord appeared to Solomon by night, and praised the LORD, saying, For he is good; for and said unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and dhis mercy endureth for ever.
have chosen this place to myself for an house of 4 Then the king and all the people offered sacri- sacrifice. fices before the LORD.
13 If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or 5 And king Solomon offered a sacrifice of twenty if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I and two thousand oxen, and an hundred and twenty send pestilence among my people ; thousand sheep. So the king and all the people 14 If my people, which are called by my name, dedicated the house of God.
shall humble themselves, and pray," and seek "my 6 And the priests waited on their offices; the face, and turn "from their wicked ways; then will Levites also with instruments of music of the LORD, I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and which David the king had made to praise the LORD, will heal their land. because his mercy endureth for ever, when David 15 Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears praised by their ministry; and the priests sounded attent sunto the prayer, that is made in this place. trumpets before them, and all Israel stood.
16 For now have I chosen and sanctified this 7 Moreover, Solomon hallowed the middle of the house, that my name may be there for ever: and court that was before the house of the LORD: for mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually. there he offered burnt-offerings, and the fat of the 17 And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me, peace-offerings, because the brazen altar which as David thy father walked, and do according to ali Solomon had 'made was not able to receive the that I have commanded thee, and shalt observe my burnt-offerings, and the meat-offerings, and the fat. statutes and my judgments;
8 Also, at the same time Solomon kept the feast 18 Then will l'stablish the throne of thy kingdom, seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great according as I have covenanted with David thý congregation, from the entering in of Hamath sunto father, saying, There shall not "fail thee a man to be the river of Egypt.
ruler in Israel. 9 And in the eighth day they made a solemn 19 But ?if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes tassembly; for they kept the dedication of the altar and my commandments, which I have set before seven days, and the feast seven days.
you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship 10 And on the three and twentieth day of the them; seventh month, he sent the people away into their 20 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of tents, glad and merry in heart, for the goodness that my land which I have given them; and this house, the Lord had showed unto David, and to Solomon, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out and to Israel his people.
of my sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a 11 Thus Solomon finished the house of the Lord, by-word among all nations. di Chr. 16. 41. c. 20. 21. P. 103. 17. 136. 1. Heb. 7. 21, 25. e I Chr. 15. 16. Ps. 87.7. c. 5. 12. & Josh. 13. 3,5. restraint. A 1 Kings 9. 1, &c.
P. c. 6. 27, 30. $ to the prayer of this place. i Deut. 12. 5. & c. 6. 26, 23. Ps. 107.34. was consumed, that we might escape: Here am I, let these go 3. The priests did their part, they waited on their offices; away. (2.) To the sanctification of the Spirit, who descends and the singers and musicians on theirs, (v. 6,) with the instrulike fire, burning up our lusts and corruptions, those beasts that ments that David made, and the hymn that David had put into must be sacrificed, or we are undone; and kindling in our souls their hand, as some think it may be read, meaning that, I Chr. a holy fire of pious and devout affections, always to be kept 16. 7. Or, as we read it, when David praised by their ministry. burning on the altar of the heart. The surest evidence of God's He employed, directed, and encouraged, them in this work of acceptance of our prayers, is the descent of this holy fire upon praising God; and therefore their performances were accepted us; Did not our hearts burn within us? Luke 24, 32. As a further as his act, and he is said to praise by their ministry. evidence that God accepted Solomon's prayer, still the glory of 4. The whole congregation expressed the greatest joy and the Lord filled the house. The heart that is thus filled with a satisfaction imaginable. They kept the feast of the dedication holy awe and reverence of the divine glory, in consequence of of the altar 'seven days, from the second to the ninth ; the (enth God's manifesting himself in his greatness, and (which is no day was the day of atonement, when they were to afflict their less his glory) in his goodness, is thereby owned as a living souls for sin, and that was not unseasonable in the midst of temple.
their rejoicings; on the fifteenth day began the feast of taberII. The grateful return made to God for this gracious token nacles, which continued to the tweniy-second, and they did not of his favour.
part till the twenty-third. We must never grudge the time 1. The people worshipped and praised God, v. 3. When they that we spend in the worship of God, and communion with saw the fire of God come down from heaven thus, they did not him; nor think it long, or grow weary of it. run away affrighted, but kept their ground in the courts of the 5. Solomon went on in his work, and prosperously effected Lord, and took occasion from it, (1.) With reverence to adore all he designed, for the adorning both of God's house and his the glory of God; they bowed their faces to the ground, and wor own, v. 11. Those that begin with the service of God are shipped, thus expressing their awful dread of the Divine Ma- likely to go on successfully in their own affairs. It was Solojesty, their cheerful submission to the Divine Authority, and mon's praise, that what he undertook he went through with, the sense they had of their own unworthiness to come into God's and it was by the grace of God that he prospered in it. presence, and their inability to stand before the power of his V. 12—22. That God accepted Solomon's prayer, appeared wrath. (2.) With thankfulness to acknowledge the goodness by the fire from heaven. Bui a prayer may be accepted, and of God; even then when the fire of the Lord came down, they yet not answered in the letter of it; and therefore God appearpraised him, saying, He is good, for his mercy en lureth for ever, ed to him in the night, as he did once before, (ch, 1.7,) and That is a song never out of season, and for which our hearts and after a day of sacrifice too, as then; and gave him a particular tongues should be never out of tune. However it be, yet God answer to his prayer. We had the substance of it before, is good. When he manifests himself as a consuming Fire to I Kings 9. 2-9. sinners, his people can rejoice in him as their Light. Nay, 1. He promised to own this house for a house of sacrifice to they had reason to say that in this, God was good; It is of the Israel, and a house of prayer for all people, Is. 56. 7. 4. 12, 16, Lord: mercies that we are not consumed, but the sacrifice in our My name shall be there for ever, that is, “There will I make stead, for which we are bound to be very thankful.
myself koown, and there will I be called upon.' 2. The king and all the people offered sacrifices in abun 2. He promised to answer the prayers of his people, that dance, v. 4, 5. With these they feasted this holy fire, and bade should at any time be made in that place, v. 13—15. (1.) Nait welcome to the altar. They had offered sacrifices before, tional judgments are here supposed, (v. 13;) famine and pesbut now they increased them. Note, The tokens of God's tilence. By the locusts devouring the land, may be meant favour to us should enlarge our hearts in his service, and make enemies as greedy as locusts, and laying all waste.. (2.) Naus to abound therein more and more. The king's example tional repentance, prayer, and reformation, are required, v. 14. stirred up the people. Good work is then likely to go on, when God expects that his people, who are called by his name, if they the leaders of a people lead in it. The sacrifices were so nu- have dishonoured his name by their iniquity, should honour it merous, that the altar could not contain them all; but rather by accepting the punishment of their iniquity. They must than any of them should be turned back, (though we may sup- humble themselves under his hand, must pray for the removal pose the blood of them all was sprinkled upon the altar,) the of the judgment, must seek the face and favour of God; and yet flesh of the burnt-offerings, and the fat of the peace-offerings, all this will not do, unless they turn from their wicked ways, were burned in the midst of the court, (v. 7,) which Solomon and return to the God from whom they have revolted. (3.) Na either hallowed for that service, or hallowed by it. In case of tional mercy is then promised ; that God will forgive their necessity, the pavement might be an altar.
sin, which brought the judgment upon them, and then heal their