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PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS OF THE SECOND BOOK OF
CHRONIC L E S.
This book begins with the reign of Solomon, and the building of the temple, and continues the history of the kings of Judah
thenceforward, to the captivity; and so concludes with the fall of that illustrious monarchy, and the destruction of the temple. That monarchy of the house of David, as it was prior in time, so it was superior in worth and dignity, to all those four celebrated ones which Nebuchadnezzar dreamed of. The Babylonian monarchy I reckon to begin in Nebuchadnezzar himself: Thon art that head of gold, that lasted but about seventy years; the Persian monarchy, in several families, about one hundred and thirty; the Grecian, in their several branches, about three hundred; and three hundred more went far with the Roman; but as I reckon David a greater hero than any of the founders of those monarchies, and Solomon a more magnificent prince than any of those that were the glories of them, so the succession was kept up in a lineal descent throughout the whole monarchy, which continued considerable between four and five hundred years; and, after a long eclipse, shone forth again in the kingdom of the Messiah, of the increase of whose government and peace there shall be no end. This history of the Jewish monarchy, as it is more authentic, so it is more entertaining and more instructive, than the histories of any of those monarchies. We had the story of the house of David, before, in the first and second books of Kings, intermixed with that of the kings of Israel, which there took more room than that of Judah ; but here, we have it entire. Much is repeated here, which we had before, yet many of the passages of the story are enlarged upon, and divers added, which we had not before, especially relating to the affairs of religion; for it is a church history, and it is written for our learning, to let nations and families know that then, and then only, they can expect to prosper, when they keep in the way of their duty to God; for, all along, the good kings prospered, and the wicked kings suffered. The peaceable reign of Solomon we have, ch. 1.-9. The blemished reign of Reboboam, ch. 10.-12. The short but busy reign of Abijah, ch. 13. The long and happy reign of Asa, ch. 14.-16. The pious and prosperous reign of Jehoshaphat, ch. 17.-20. The impious and infamous reigns of Jehoram and Ahaziah, ch. 21. 22. The unsteady reigns of Joash and Amaziah, ch. 24. 25. The long and prosperous reign of Uzziah, ch. 26. The regular reign of Jotham, ch. 27. The profane and wicked reign of Ahaz, ch. 28. 'The gracious glorious reign of Hezekiah, ch. 29.-32. The wicked reigns of Manasseh and Amon, ch. 33. The reforming reign of Josiah, ch. 34. 35. The ruining reigns of his sons, ch. 36. Put all these together, and the truth of that word of God will appear; Them that honour me, I will honour; but they that despise me, shall be lightly esteemed. The learned Mr. Whiston, in his chronology, suggests that the historical books which were written after the captivity, namely, the two books of Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiab, have more mistakes in names and numbers than all the books of the Old Testament besides, through the carelessness of transcribers : but though that should be allowed, the things are so very minuto, that we may be confident, The foundation of God stands sure, notwithstanding.
B. C. 1015.
tains dof thousands and of hundreds, and to the
3 So Solomon, and all the congregation with him, 13-17.
went to the high place that was at Gibeon; for
al Kings 2. 46. 6 Gen. 39.2.
cl Chr. 29. 25. di Chr. 27. 1.
NOTES TO CHAPTERI.
in his kingdom, and the LORD "his God was God, which Moses, the servant of the LORD, had with him, and magnified him exceedingly. made in the wilderness. 2 Then Solomon spake unto all Israel, to the cap 4 But the ark of God had David brought up
. 1 Kings 3. 4, &c. , I Chr. 16. 39. & 1 Chr. 15. 1, &c.
with him to Gibeon, v, 2, 3. Authority and interest are well V.1-12. Here is,
bestowed on those that will thus use them for the glory of God, I. Solomon's great prosperity, v. 1. Though he had a con- and the promoting of religion. It is our duty to engage with tested title, yet, God being with him, he was strengthened in his whom we have influence, in the solemnities of religion, and it is kingdom; his heart and hands were strengthened, and his inte- very desirable to have many join with us in those solemnities; rest in the people. God's presence will be our strength. the more the better, it is the liker to heaven. Solomon began
II. His great piety and devotion. His father was a prophet, his reign with this public pious visit to God's altar, and it was
1. All his great men must thus far be good men, that they His father David had left him Aocks and herds in abundance,
from Kirjath-jearim to the place which David had before thee, neither shall there any after thee have prepared for it: for he had pitched a tent for it at the like. Jerusalem.
13 Then Solomon came from his journey, to 5 Moreover, the brazen altar hthat Bezaleel the the high place that was at Gibeon to Jerusalem, son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, *he put be- from before the tabernacle of the congregation, and fore the tabernacle of the LORD; and Solomon and reigned over Israel. the congregation sought unto it.
14 And Solomon gathered chariotsi and horse6 And Solomon went up thither to the brazen men: and he had a thousand and four hundred altar before the LORD, which was at the tabernacle chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, which be of the congregation, and offered a thousand burnt- placed in the chariot cities, and with the king at offerings upon it.
Jerusalem. 7 In that night did God appear unto Solomon, 15 And the king made silver and gold at Jeand said unto him, Ask what I shall give thee. rusalem as plenieous as stones, and cedar-trees
8 And Solomon said unto God, Thou hast made he as the sycamore-trees that are in the vale showed great mercy unto David my father, and for abundance. hast made me to reign in his stead.
16 And $Solomon had horses brought out of 9 Now, O LORD God, let thy promise unto Egypt, and linen yarn; the king's merchants reDavid my father be established; for thou hast made ceived the linen yarn at a price. me king over a people like the dust of the earth in 17 And they fetched up, and brought forth out multitude.
of Egypt, a chariot for six hundred shekels of silver, 10 Give me now wisdom kand knowledge, that I and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so may go out and come in before this people: for brought they out horses for all the kings of the Hitwho can judge this thy people, that is so great? tites, and for the kings of Syria, by their "means.
11 And God said to Solomon, Because this was in thine heart, and thou hast not asked riches,
CHAPTER IT. wealth, or honour, nor the life of thine enemies, Solomona trading, which we read of in the close of the foregoing chaster, and the
encouragement he gave both to merchandise and manufacture, were very comneither yet hast asked long life; but hast asked
Bol building was the work he was designed for, and to that business
he is here applying himself Here is, I Solomon's determination to build the wisdom and knowledge for thyself, that thou mayest temple and a royal palace, and his appoiuting of labourers to be employed herein,
v.1, 2, 17, 18. 1. His request to Huram king of Tyre, to furnish him both with judge my people, over whom I have made thee
artists and materials, ..310. III. Hurara's obliging answer to, and compli. king: and I will give thee riches , and wealth, and honoee; Anbe Solomon determined to build an house for
the name of the LORD, and an house for his such as none ofr the kings have had that have been kingdom.
p 1 Chr. 2. 25. 91 Kings 10. 16, &e. 1 Kings 10. 27, &c.
stre going forth of the horse which was Solomon's.
ance with, his request, v. 11-16..
A Ex. 38. 1, 2 • or, there. il Chr. 28. 5.
* Pror. 4. 7. I Num. 27. 17. Deat. 31. 2. n c. 9. 2. Ec. 2. 9. Jam. 1. 5.
t much as the dust of the
o Matt. 6. 33.
(v. 5,) and thither he brought his sacrifices; for it is the altar (1.) God gave him the wisdom that he asked for, because he ihat sanctifieth every gift.
asked for it. Wisdom is a gift that God gives as freely and 3. He prayed a good prayer to God: this, with the answer liberally as any gift, to those that value it and wrestle for it, to it, we had before, 1 Kings 3. 6, &c. (1.) God bade him ask and will resolve to make use of it; and he upbraids not the what he would; not only that he might put him in the right poor petitioners with their folly, Jam. 1. 5. God's grace shall way of obtaining the favours that were intended him, (Ask, and never be wanting to those who sincerely desire to know and do ye shall receive, that your joy may be full,) but that he might their duty. (2.) God gave him the wealth and honour which try him, how he stood affected, and might discover what was he did not ask for, because be asked not for it. Those that in his heart. Men's characters appear in their choices and pursue present things most earnestly, are most likely to miss of desires. What wouldest thou have? tries a man as much as them; while those that refer themselves to the providence of What wouldest thou do? Thus God tried whether Solomon was God, if they have not the most of those things, have the most one of the children of this world, that say, Who will show us any comfort in them. Those that make this world their end, come good? or of the children of light, that say, Lord, lift up the light short of the other, and are disappointed in this too; but those of thy countenance upon us. As we choose, we shall have, and that make the other world their end, shall not only obtain that, that is likely to be our portion, to which we give the preference, and full satisfaction in it, but shall lake as much as is convewhether the wealth and pleasure of this world, or spiritual riches nient of this world in their way. and delights. (2.) Like a genuine son of David, he chose spiritual V. 13–17. Here is, 1. Solomon's entrance upon the governblessings rather than temporal. His petition here is, Give me ment; (v. 13,) he came from before the labernacle, and reigned wisdom and knowledge. He owns those to be desirable gifts, and over Israel. He would not do any acts of government till be God the Giver of them, Prov.2. 6. God gave the faculty of un- had done his acts of devotion; would not take honour to himderstanding, and to him we must apply ourselves for the furniture self till he had given honour to God; first the tabernacle, and of it. Two things are here pleaded, which we had not in Kings: then the throne. But when he had obtained wisdom from God, [1.] Thou hrust made me reign in my father's sicad, v. 8. “Lord, he did not bury his talent, but as he had received the gift, thou hast put me into this place; and therefore I can in faith ask ministered the same, did not give up bimself to ease and pleaof thee grace to enable me to do the duty of it." What service we sure, but minded business; he reigned over Israel. have reason to believe God calls us to, we have reason to hope he 2. The magnificence of his court; (v. 14,) He gathered chawill qualify us for. But that is not all; “Lord, thou hast put me riots and horsemen. Shall we praise him for this? We praise into this place in the stead of David, the great and good man that him not; for the king was forbidden to multiply horses, Deut. filled it up so well; therefore give me wisdom, that Israel may 17. 16. I do not remember that ever we find his good father not suffer damage by the change. Must I reign in my father's in a chariot, or on horseback; a mule was the highest he mountstead ? Lord, give me my father's spirit.” Note, The eminency ed. We should endeavour to excel those that went before us of those that went before us, and the obligation that lies upon us in goodness, rather than in grandeur. to keep up and carry on the good work they were engaged in, 3. The wealth and trade of his kingdom. He made silver should provoke us to a gracious emulation, and quicken our and gold very cheap and common, v. 15. The increase of gold prayers to God for wisdom and grace, that we may do the work lowers the value of it; but the increase of grace advances its of God in our day, as faithfully and well as they did in theirs. price; the more men have of that, the more they value it; how [2.] Let thy promise lo David my father be established, v. 9. He much better therefore is it to get wisdom than gold! He opened means the promise concerning his successor. "In performance also a trade with Egypt, whence he imported horses and linen of that promise, Lord, give me wisdom." We do not find that yarn, which he exported again to the kings of Syria, with great wisdom was any of the things promised, but it was necessary in advantage, no doubt, v. 16, 17. This we had before, 1 Kings order to the accomplishment of what was promised, 2 Sam. 7. 10. 28, 29. It is the wisdom of princes to promote industry, 13–15. The promise was, He shall build a house for my name, and encourage trade, in their dominions. Perhaps Solomon I will establish his throne, he shall be my son, and my mercy shall took the hint of setting up the linen manufacture, bringing linen not depart from him. "Now, Lord, unless thou give me wis, yarn out of Egypt, working it into cloth, and then sending that dom, thy house will not be built, nor my throne established; I to other nations, from what his mother taught when she speshail behave in a manner unbecoming my relation to thee as cified this, among other employments of the virtuous woman, a Father, shall forfeil thy mercy, and fool it away; therefore, She maketh fine linen, and selleth it, and delivereth girdles of it Lord, give me wisdom." Note, First, God's promises are our to the merchant, Prov. 31. 24. In all labour there is profit. best pleas in prayer; Remember thy word unto thy servant. Se
NOTES TO CHAPTER II. condly, Children may take the comfort of the promises of that V. 1-10. Solomon's wisdom was given him, not merely for covenant which their parents, in their baptism, laid claim to, and speculation to entertain himself, (though it is indeed a princely took hold of, for them. Thirdly, The best way to obtain the bene- entertainment,) nor merely for conversation to entertain his fit of the promises and privileges of the covenant, is, to be earnest friends, but for action; and therefore to action he immediately in prayer with God for wisdom and grace to do the duties of it. applies himself. Observe, 4. Ho received a gracious answer to this prayer, v. 11, 12. 1. His resolution within himself concerning his business ;
e Num. 28. 3, &c.
Ps. 135, 5.
and toon 'erful.
1 Ps. 33. 6. Jer. 10. 10, 1). Acta m 1 Kings 7. 13, 14.
ol Chr. 22. 2.
2 And Solomon told out threescore and ten thou- 1 of beaten wheat, and twenty thousand measures of sand men to bear burdens, and fourscore thousand barley, and twenty thousand baths of wine, and to hew in the mountain, and three thousand and twenty thousand baths of oil. six hundred to oversee them.
11 Then Huram the king of Tyre answered in 3 And «Solomon sent to Huram the king of writing, which he sent to Solomon, Because the Tyre, saying, As thou didst deal with David my Lord hath loved his people, he hath made thee king father, and didst send him cedars to build him an over them. house to dwell therein, even so deal with me.
12 Huram said moreover, Blessed be the LORD 4 Behold, I build an house to the name of the God of Israel, that made heaven and earth, who Lord my God, to dedicate it to him, and to burn bath given to David the king a wise son, **endued cbefore him 'siveet incense, and for the continual with prudence and understanding, that might build show-bread," and for the burnt-oblerings morning an house for the LORD, and an house for his and evening, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, kingdom. and on the solemn leasts of the Lord our God. This 13 And now I have sent a cunning man, endued is an ordinance for ever to Israel.
with understanding, of Huram my father's, 5 And the house which I build is great: for 14 The mson of a woman of the daughters of fgreat is our God above all gods.
Dan, and his father was a man of Tyre, skilful to 6 But who is able to build him an house, see- work in gold, and in silver, in brass, in iron, in stone, ing the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot con- and in timber, in purple, in blue, and in fine linen, tain him? who am I then, that I should build him and in crimson; also to grave any manner of gravan house, save only to burn sacrifice before him? ing, and to find out every device which shall be
7 Send me now therefore a man cunning to work put to him, with thy cunning men, and with the in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in iron, and cunning men of my lord David thy father. in purple, and crimson, and blue, and that can skill 15 Now therefore the wheat, and the barley, the $to grave with the cunning men that are with me in oil, and the wine, which my lord hath spoken of, let Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father him send unto his servants : did provide.
16 And we will cut wood out of Lebanon, ast! 8 Send me also cedar-trees, fir-trees and "algum- much as thou shalt need ; and we will bring it to trees, out of Lebanon : (for I know that thy servants thee in floats by sea to +iJoppa, and thou shalt carry can skill to cut timber in Lebanon ;) and, behold, it up to Jerusalem. my servants shall be with thy servants,
17 And "Solomon numbered all ssthe strangers 9 Even to prepare me timber in abundance ;, for that were in the land of Israel, after the numthe house which I am about to build shall be bering wherewith David his father had numbered wonderful great.
them; and they were found an hundred and filly 10 And, behold, I will give to thy servants, the thousand and three thousand and six hundred. hewers that cut timber, twenty thousand measures 18 And he set threescore and ten thousand of al Kings 5.2, c. • or, Hiram, 1 Kings 5. 1. 61 Ctr. 14. 1. c Ex. 30. 7. I in
ki King» 10.9. Ps. 72.17. Cense of apices. d Ex 25. 50. Lev. 24. 5-9.
** according to all thy I Tim. 6. 15. & Is. 66. 1, 2. hath retained, or, ob'a ined strength.
need. 11 Japho, Josh. 19. 46. ACE* 9. 36. ni Kiga 9. 20. 21. 6.b. 7, 8. $$ § to gnide gravings. i l Chr. 22. 15. Hor, nimugrim, 1 Kings 10. 11. I great men, the strangers, (v. 1,) He determined to build, in the first place, a house for the build a house? It is part of the wisdom wherein we ought to name of the Lord. It is fit that he who is the first, should be first walk toward them that are without, carefully to guard against served ; first a temple, and then a palace; a house not so much for all misapprehension, which any thing we say or do, may orcahimself and his own convenience and magnitude, as for the sion, concerning God; so Solomon does here in his treaty with kingdom, for the honour of it among its neighbours, and for the Huram. decent reception of the people, whenever they had occasion to 2. The requests he makes to him, are more particularly set apply themselves to their prince; so that in both he aimed at down here. (1.) He desires Huram would furnish him with a the public good. Those are the wisest men that lay out them- good hand to work, (v. 7,) Send me a man. He had cunning solves most for the honour of name of the Lord, and the men with him in Jerusalem and Judah, whom David provided, welfare of communities; we are not bona for ourselves, but for 1 Chr. 22. 15. Let them not think but that the Jews had somo God and our country.
among them that were artists; but send me a man to direct II. His embassy to Huram, king of Tyre, to engage his as. them. “There are ingenious men in Jerusalem, but not such sistance in the prosecution of his designs; The purport of his engravers as are in Tyre; and therefore, since temple work errand to him is much the same here as we had it i Kings 5. must be the best in its kind, let me have the best workmen that 2, &c. only here it is more largely set forth.
can be goi." (2.) With good materials to work on, (v. 8;) 1. The reasons why he makes this application to Huram, are cedar, and other timber in abundance, (0.8, 9 ;) for the house here more fully represented, for information to Huram, as well must be wonderful great, that is, very stately and magnificent, as for inducement.
110 cost must be spared, nor any contrivance wanting in il. (1.) He pleads his father's interest in Huram, and the kind 3. Here is Solomon's engagement to maintain the workmen, miss he had received from him ; (v. 3,) As thou didst deal with (n. 10,) to give them so much wheat and barley, so much wine Diwil, so deal with me. As we must show kindness to, so we and oil. He did not feed his workmen with bread and water, inay expect kindness from, our father's friends, and with them but with plenty, and every thing of the best. They that emshould cultivate a correspondence.
ploy labourers, ought to take care they be not only well paid, (2.) He represents his design in building the temple: he in- but well provided for with sufficient of ihat which is wholesome tended it for a place of religious worship, (v. 4,) that all the and fit for them. Let the rich masters do for their poor workofferings which God had appointed for the honour of his name, men as they would be done by, if the tables were turned. might be offered up there. The house was built that it might V. 11-18. Here we have, be dedicated to God, and used in his service; this we should 1. The return which Huram made to Solomon's embassy, in aim at in all our business, that our havings and doings may be all which he shows a great respect for Solomon, and a readiness to the glory of God. He mentions divers particular services to serve him. Lesser people may learn of those great ones to that were there to be performed, for the instruction of Huram.be neighbourly and complaisant., The mysteries of the true religion, unlike those of the Gentile 1. He congratulates Israel, on having such a king as Solomon superstition, coveted not concealment.
was; (v. 11,) Because the Lord loved his people, he has made (3.) He endeavours to possess Huram with very great and thee king. Note, A wise and good government is a great blesshigh thoughts of the God of Israel, by expressing the mighty ing to a people, and may well be accounted a singular token of veneration he had for his holy name. Great is our God above God's favour. He does not say, Because he loved thee, (though all goils, above all idols, above all princes. Idols are nothing, that was true, 2 Sam. 12. 24,) he made thee king, but because princes are little, and both under the control of the God of Is. he lover his people. Princes must look upon themselves as rael; and therefore, [1.] “The house must be great; not in preferred for the public good, not for their own personal satisproportion to the greatness of that God to whom it is to be faction, and should rule so as to prove that they were given in dedicated, (for between finite and infinite there can be no pro- love, and not in anger. portion,) but in some proportion to the great value and esteem 2. He blesses God for raising up such a successor to David, we have for this God." [2.] “ Yet, be it never so great, it can v. 12. It should seem that Huram was not only very well affectnot be a habitation for the great God: let not Huram think that ed to the Jewish nation, and well pleased with their prosperity, the God of Israel, like the gods of the nations, dwells in tem- but that he was proselyted to the Jewish religion, and worshipples marle with hands, (Acts 17. 24,) no, the heaven of heavens ped Jehovah, the God of Israel, (who was not known by that cannot contain him. It is intended only for the convenience of naine to the neighbouring nations,) as the God thot male hearer the priests and worshippers, that they may have a fit place and earth, and as the Fountain of power as well as being; for wherein to burn sacrifice before him." (3.) He looked upon he sets up kings. Now that the people of Israel kept close to himself, though a mighty prince, as unworihy the honour of the law and worship of God, and so preserved their honour, being employed in this great work; Who am I, that I should the neighbouring nations were as willing to be instructed by
them to be bearers of burdens, and fourscore thou- 1 of the house, twenty cubits, and the height was an sand to be hewers in the mountain, and three thou- hundred and twenty: and he overlaid it within sand and six hundred overseers to set the people a with pure gold. work.
5 And the greater house he ceiled with fir-tree, CHAPTER III.
which he overlaid with fine gold, and set thereon It was a much larger and more particular account of the building of the temple, palm-trees and chains. which we had in the book of Kings, than is here in this book of Chronicles. In 6 And he sgarnished the house with precious 11. "The dimensions, und rich orua mente of it, v. 3.9. 11. The cherubims in stones for beauty: and the gold was gold of Parthe most holy
place, . 10--13. IV. The vail, v. 11. The two pillars, v. vaim. 15--17. Or all which we have already had an account, 1 Kings 6.7.
7 He overlaid also the house, the beams, the posts, HEN Solomon began to build the house of the and the walls thereof, and the doors thereof, with
Lord at Jerusalem in mount Moriah,' where* gold; and graved cherubims on the walls. the LORD
appeared unto David his father, in the 8 And he made the most holy house, the length place that David had prepared in the thrashing- whereof was according to the breadth of the floor of Ornan the Jebusite.
house, twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty 2 And he began to build in the second day of cubits: and he overlaid it with fine gold, amounting the second month, in the fourth year of his reign. to six hundred talents.
3 Now these are the things wherein Solomon 9 And the weight of the nails was fifty shekels of was instructed for the building of the house of gold. And he overlaid the upper chambers with God. The length by cubits, after the first measure gold. was threescore cubits, and the breadth twenty 10 And in the most holy house he made two checubits.
rubims of image work, and overlaid them with 4 And the porch that was in the front of the gold. house, the length of it was according to the breadth 11 And the wings of the cherubims were twenty a 1 Kings 6.1, sc. 6 Gen. 22. 2, 14. • or, whick ona seen of David his father. e John 10. 23. Acts 3. 11. 5. 12.
s 1 Chr. 29. 2, 8. Is. 54. 11, 12. cl Chr. 21. 18. tor, Araunah, 2 Sam. 24. 18. 1 founded. di Chr. 28. 11.
Rev. 21. 18-21. & Heb.9. 349. #or, (as some think) of moveable work. them in the true religion, as they had been, in the days of their wise a type of him, built there. (3.) It must be where the Lord apostacy, to be infected with the idolatries and superstitions of appeared to David, and answered him by fire, I Chr. 21. 18, 26. their neighbours. This made them high, that they lent to many There atonement was made once; and therefore, in rememnations and did not borrow, lent truth to them, and did not bor- brance of that, there atonement must still be made. There row error from them; as when they did the contrary, it was where God has met with me, it is to be hoped that he will still. their shame.
(4.) It must be in the place which David had prepared, not 3. He sent him a very ingenious curious workman, that would only which he had purchased with his money, but which he not fail to answer his expectations in every thing. One that had pitched upon by divine direction. It was Solomon's wise had both Jewish and Gentile blood meeting in him; for his dom not to inquire out a more convenient place, but to acquiesce mother was an Israelite, (Huram thought she was of the tribe in the appointment of God, whatever might be objected against of Dan, and therefore says so here, v. 14, but, it seems she was it. (5.) It must be in the thrashing-floor of Ornan, which, if of the tribe' of Napthali, ! Kings 7. 14,) his father was a (as a Jebusite) it gives encouragement to the Gentiles, yet it Tyrian; a good omen of uniting Jew and Gentile in the Gospel obliges us to look upon temple work, as that which requires the temple; as it was afterward when the building of the second labour of the mind, no less than thrashing work does that of temple was greatly furthered by Darius, (Ezra 6.) who is the body. supposed to have been the son of Esther, an Israelite by the 2. The time when it was begun; not till the fourth year of mother's side.
Solomon's reign, v. 2. Not that the three first years were 4. He engaged for the timber, as much as he would have trifled away, or spent in deliberating whether they should build occasion for, and undertook to deliver it at Joppa ; and, withal, the temple or no; but they were employed in the necessary presignified his dependence upon Solomon for the maintenance of parations for it, wherein three years would be soon gone, conthe workmen, as he had promised, v. 15, 16. This agreement sidering how many hands were to be got together, and set to we had, 1 Kings 5. 8, 9.
work. Some conjecture that this was a sabbatical year, or II. The orders which Solomon gave about the workmen. He year of release and rest to the land, when
the people, being would not employ the free-born Israelites in the drudgery work discharged from their husbandry, might more easily lend a of the temple itsell, not so much as to be overseers of it; in hand to the beginning of this work; and then the year it was this, he employed the strangers who were proselyted to the finished, would fall out to be another sabbatical year, when they Jewish religion, who had not lands of inheritance in Canaan, would likewise have leisure to attend the solemnity of the as the Israelites had, and therefore applied themselves to dedication of it. trades, and got their living by their ingenuity and industry: 3. The dimonsions of it; in which Solomon was instructed, there was, at this time, a vast number of them in the land, (v. 3,) as he was in other things, by his father. This was the (v. 17,) who, if they were of any of the devoted nations, perhaps foundation (so it may be read) which Solomon laid for the fell within the case, and therefore fell under the law, of the building of the house. This was the rule he went by, so many Gibeonites, to be hewers of wood for the congregation, if not, cubits the length and breadth, after the first measure, that is, yet, being, in many cases, well provided for by the law of according to the measure first fixed, which there was no reason Moses, and put upon an equal footing with the native Israel to make any alteration of, when the work came to be done : ites, they were bound in gratitude to do what they could for for the dimensions were given by divine wisdom; and what the service of the temple; yet, no doube they were well paid, God doeth, it shall be for ever; nothing can be put to it, or in money, or money's worth; the law was, Thou shalt not taken from it, Ec, 3. 14. His first measure will be the last. oppress a stranger. The distribution of them we have here, 4. The ornaments of the temple; the timber work was very (v.2, and again, v. 18,) in all one hundred and fifty thousand fine, and yet, within, it was over with pure gold, (v. 4,) Canaan was a fruitful land, that found meat for so many mouths with fine gold, (v. 5,) and that embossed with palm-trees and more than the numerous natives; and the temple, a vast chains. It was of gold of Parvaim, (v. 6,) the best go'd. The building, that found work for so many hands. Mr. Fuller sug- beams and posts, the walls and doors, were overlaid with gold, gests that the expedient peculiar to this structure, of framing all v. 7. The most holy place, which was ten yards square, was beforehand, must needs increase the work; I think it rather all overlaid with fine gold, (v. 8;) even the upper chambers, or left so much the more room for this vast multitude of hands rather the upper floor of roof; top, bottom, and sides, were all to be employed in it; for in the forest of Lebanon they might overlaid with gold. Every nail, or screw, or pin, with which all be at work together, without crowding one another, which the golden plates were fastened to the walls that were overlaid they could not have been upon mount Zion. And if there had with them, weighed ifty shekels, or was worth so much ; worknot been such vast numbers employed, so large and curious a manship and all. A great many precious stones were dedicated fabric, which was begun and ended in seven years, might, for to God, (1 Chr. 29: 2, 8,) and these were set here and there, aught I know, have been as long in building as St. Paul's. where they would show to the best advantage. The finest NOTES TO CHAPTER III
houses now pretend to no better garnishing than good paint on
the roof and walls; but the ornaments of the temple were more V. 1—9. Here is, 1. The place where the temple was substantially rich. It was set with precious stones, because it built. Solomon was neither at liberty to choose, nor at a loss was a type the new Jerusalem, which has therefore no to fix the place. It was before determined, (1 Chr. 22. 1,) temple in it, because it is all temple, the walls, gates, and which was an ease to his mind. (1.) It must be at Jerusalem; foundations of which are said to be of precious stones and for that was the place where God had chosen to put his name pearls, Rev. 21. 18, 19, 21. there. The royal city must be the holy city; there must be y. 10–17. Here is an account, 1. of the two cherubims, the testimony of Israel, for there are set the thrones of judgment, which were set up in the holy of holies. There were two Ps. 122. 4, 5. (2.) It must be on mount Moriah ; which, some already over the ark, which covered the mercy-seat with their think, was that very place in the land of Moriah, where Abra- wings; those were small ones. Now that the most holy place ham offered Isaac, Gen. 22.2. So the Targum says expressly, was enlarged, though those were continued, (being appurteadding, But he was delivered by the word of the Lord, and a nances to the ark, which was not to be made new, as all the ram provided in his place. That was typical of Christ's sacri- other utensils of the tabernacle were,) yet those two large ones fice of himself; therefore fitly was the temple, which was like. I were added, doubtless, by divine appointment, to fill up the Vol. 1.-124
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cubits long: one wing of the one cherub was five the breadth thereof, and ten cubits the height cubits, reaching to the wall of the house; and the thereof. other wing was likewise five cubits, reaching to the 2 Also he made a molten sea bof ten cubits *from wing of the other cherub.
brim to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the 12 And one wing of the other cherub was five height thereof; and a line of thirty cubits did cubits, reaching to the wall of the house, and the compass it round about. other wing was five cubits also, joining to the wing 3 And under it was the similitude of oxen, which of the other cherub.
did compass it round about; ten in a cubit, compass13 The wings of these cherubims spread them- ing the sea round about. Two rows of oxen were selves forth twenty cubits; and they stood on their cast, when it was cast. feet, and their faces were inward.*
4 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward 14 And he made the vail "of blue, and purple, and the north, and three looking toward the west, and crimson, and fine linen, and wrought cherubims three looking toward the south, and three looking thereon.
toward the east; and the sea was set above upon 15 Also he made before the house two pillars of them, and all their hinder parts were inward. thirty and five cubits high, and the chapiter that 5 And the thickness of it was an hand-breadth, was on the top of each of them was five cubits. and the brim of it like the work of the brim of a
16 And he made chains, as in the oracle, and put cup, twith flowers of lilies: and it received and held them on the heads of the pillars; and made an three thousand baths. hundred pomegranates, and put them on the chains. 6 He made also ten lavers, and put five on the
17 And he reared up the pillars before the temple, right hand, and five on the left, to wash in them: one on the right hand, and the other on the left; such things as they offered for the burnt-offering and called the name of that on the right hand they washed in them; but the sea was for the $Jachin, and the name of that on the left Boaz. priests to wash in.
7 And he made ten candlesticks of gold according CHAPTER IV.
to their form, and set them in the temple, five on We have here a further account of the furniture of God's house, I. Those thing the right hand, and five on the left.
8 He made also ten tables, and placed them in the vessels of the altar, and other things, 10–18. !!. Those that were on the temple, five on the right side, and five on the oppurtenancesco
Cach of these. All these, except the brazen' altar, v. I left: and he made an hundred Sbasins of gold. 1, were accounted for more largely, 1 Kings 7. c
9 Furthermore, he made the court of the priests, OREOVER, he made an altar ofbrass, twenty and the great court, and doors for the court, and
that were of brass : the altar for burnt-offerings, v. I, the sea and la vers to hold water, v. 2-6, the plates with which the doors or the court were overlaid, v. 9,
• or, toward the house. h Ex. 26. 31. t caused to ascend, 1 King 7.15-21. from his brim to his brim. 1 or, like e lily fiorer. 1 the work of burntJer. 52. 20, 21. long.
Si. e, he shall establish. 1 i.e. in it is strength. offering. c Heb. 9. 23. d Ex. 25. 31-40. i Chr. 28. 12-19. Heb. 8. 5. Sor, & Ex. 27. 1, 2. 2 Kings 16. 14. Ez. 43. 13-17. 6 1 Kings 7. 23, &c.
bowls. e 1 Kinga 6. 36. holy place; which otherwise would look bare, like a room unfur- should enlarge his altars. Our returns should bear some pronished. These cherubims are said to be of image work, (v. 10,) portion to our receivings. It was ten cubits high, so that the designed, it is likely, to represent the angels who attended the people who worshipped in the courts, might see the sacrifices divine Majesty. Each wing extended five cubits, so that the burned, and their eye might affect their heart with sorrow for whole was twenty cubits, (v. 12, 13,) which was just the breadth sin: “ It is of the Lord's mercies that I am not thus consumed, of the most holy place, v. 8. They stood on their feet, as and that this is accepted as an expiation of my guilt." They servants, their faces inward toward the ark, (v. 13,) that it might thus be led to consider the great Sacrifice which should might appear they were not set there to be adored, (for then be offered in the fulness of time, to take away sin, and abolish they would have been made sitting, as on a throne, and their death, which the blood of bulls and goats could not possibly do faces toward their worshippers,) but rather as themselves al And with the smoke of the sacrifices their hearts might ascend tendants on the invisible God." We must not worship angels, to heaven in holy desires toward God and his favour. In all bat we must worship with angels; for we are come into com our devotions, we must keep the eye of faith fixed upon Christ, munion with them, (Heb. 12. 22,) and must do the will of God the great Propitiation. How they went up to this allar, and as the angels do it
. The thought that we are worshipping him carried the sacrifices up to it, we are not told; some think by a before whom the angels cover their faces, will help to inspire plain ascent like a hill: if by steps, doubtless they were so conus with reverence in all our approaches to God." Compare trived, as that the end of the law (mentioned Ex. 20.26,) might I Cor. 11. 10, with Is. 6. 2.
be answered. 2. Of the vail that parted between the temple and the most 2. There was the molten sea. A very large brass pan, in holy place, v. 14. This denoted the darkness of that dispen- which they put water for the priests to wash in, v. 2, 5. It was sation, and the distance which the worshippers were kept at; put just at ihe entrance into the court of the priests, like the but, at the death of Christ, this vail was rent; for through him font at the church door. If it were filled to the brim, it would we are made nigh, and have boldness not only to look, but to hold 3000 baths, as here, (v. 5;) but in common, there were enter, into the holiest. On this he wrought cherubims, Heb. he only 2000 baths in it, 1 Kings 7. 26. The Holy Ghost by this caused them to ascend, that is, they were made in raised work, signified, (1.) Our great Gospel privilege, that the blood of embossed. Or he made them on the wing in an ascending Christ cleanseth from all sin, 1 John 1. 7. To us there is a posture, to remind the worshippers to lift up their hearts, and fountain opened for all believers, (who are spiritual priests, to soar upward in their devotions,
Rev. 1, 5, 6,) nay, for all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, lo wask 3. Of the two pillars which were set up before the temple.in, from sin, which is uncleanness. There is a fulness of merit Both together were somewhat above thirty-five cubits in length, in Jesus Christ, for all those that by faith apply themselves to (v. 15,) about eighteen cubits high apiece; see 1 Kings 7. 15, him for the purifying of their consciences, that they may serve &c. We there took a view of those pillars, Sachin and Boaz, the living God, Heb. 9. 14. (2.) Our great Gospel duty, establishment and strength in temple work, and by it.
which is to cleanse ourselves by true repentance from all the
pollutions of the flesh, and the corruption that is in the world. NOTES TO CHAPTER IV.
Our hearts must be sanctified, or we cannot sanctify the name V, 1-10.. David often speaks with much affection, both of of God. They that draw nigh to God, must cleanse their hands, the house of the Lord, and of the courts of our God. Both and purify their hearts, Jam. 4. 8. If I wash thee not, thou without doors and within, there was that which typified the hast no part with me; and he that is washed, still needs to rash grace of the Gospel, and shadowed out good things to come, of his feet, to renew his repentance, whenever he gocs in to minis. which the substance is Christ.
ter, John 13. 10. I. There were those things in the open court, in the view of 3. There were ten lavers of brass, in which they washed such all people, which were very significant.
things as they offered for the burnt-offerings, (v. 6;) as the 1. There was the brazen allar, v. 1. The making of this was priests must be washed, so must the sacrifices, We must not not mentioned in the Kings. On this, all the sacrifices were only purify ourselves in preparation for our religious performoffered, and it sanctified the gift. This altar was much larger ances, but carefully put away all those vain thoughts, and cor; than that which Moses made in the tabernacle ; that was five rupt aims, which cleave to our performances themselves, and cubits square, this was twenty cubits square. Now Israel was pollute them. become both more numerous and more rich, and, it was to be 4. The doors of the court were overlaid with brass, (v. 9,) hoped, more devout, (for every age should aim to be wiser and both for strength and beauty, and that they might not be rotted beiter than that which went before it,) it was expected that with the weather, to which they were exposed. Gates of brass there would be a greater abundance of offerings brought to we read of, Ps. 107. 16. God's altar than had been ; it is therefore made such a capa II. There were those things in the house of the Lord, (into cious scatfold, that it might hold them all, and none might ex which the priests went only in to minister,) that were very cuse themselves from bringing those testimonies of their devo- significant. All was of gold there. 'The nearer we come to tion, by alleging that there was not room to receive them. God God, the purer we must be, the purer we shall be. had greatly enlarged their borders, it was therefore fit that they 1. There were ten golden candlesticks, according to the form