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7 Go, tell Jeroboam, Thus saith the Lord God house, and when thy feet enter into the city, the
of Israel, Forasmuch as I exalted thee from among child shall die.
the people, and made thee prince over my people 13 And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury
Israel,

him; for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the
8 Ånd rent the kingdom away from the house grave, because in him there is found some good
of David, and gave it thee; and yet thou hast not thing toward the Lord God of Israel in the house
been as my servant David, who "kept my command of Jeroboam.
ments, and who followed me with all his heart, to 14 Moreover, the Lord shall raise him up a king
do that only which was right in mine eyes;

over Israel, who shall cut off the house of Jero9 But hast done evil above all that were before boam that day: but what? even now. thee: for thou hast gone and made thee other gods, 15 For the LORD shall smite Israel as a reed is and molten images, to provoke kme to anger, and shaken in the water, and he shall root "up Israel hast cast 'me behind thy back;

out of this good land which he gave to their fathers, 10 Therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the and shall scatter "them beyond the river, because house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jero- they have made their wgroves, provoking the LORD boam him that pisseth against the wall, and him to anger. that is shut up and left in Israel, and will take 16 And he shall give Israel up, because of the away the remnant of the house of Jeroboam, as a sins of Jeroboam, who 'did sin, and who made Israel man taketh away dung, till it be all gone.

to sin. 11 Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall 17 And Jeroboam's wife arore, and departed, the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall and came to Tirzah ;- and when she came to the the fowls of the air eat: for the Lord hath spoken it. threshold of the door, the child died.

12 Arise thou, therefore, get thee to thine own 18 And they buried him; and all Israel mourned

I c. 16. 2. & c. 11.31–38. h c. 15.5. ic. 12. 28.2 Chr. 11. 15. k Ps. 106. 29.

Neh. 9. 26. Ps. 50. 17. Ez. 23. 35. 773 c. 15. 29. n Deut. 32. 36. 2 Kings 14. 28. o c. 16. 4. 21. 21. p ver. 17. Ez. 18. 14, &e.

r 2 Chr. 19. 3. • c. 15. 27-29. Deut. 28. 63, 66. Joah. 23. 15, 16. ^ P. 52. 5.
v 2 Kings 15. 29. 17. 6. to Deut. 12. 3, 4. ls. 1. 28, 29. * Ps. 81. 12.
30, 34. 16. 2. c. 16. 6, 8,

c. 15.

dealing is best, and she shall know at the first word, what she hill deities, and God removed his family as a great dunghill;
has to trust to; I am sent to thee with heavy tidings. Note, noble royal families, if wicked, are no better, in God's account.
Those who think by their disguises to hide themselves from 2. Unusual destruction; their very dead bodies should be
God, will be wretchedly confounded, when they find themselves meat for the dogs in the street, or the birds of prey in the
disappointed in the day of discovery: sinners now appear in field, v. 11. Thus evil pursues sinners. See this fulfilled,
the garb of saints, and are taken to be such; but how will they ch. 15. 29.
blush and tremble, when they find themselves stripped of their V. He foretels the immediate death of the child that was
false colours, and are called by their own name; “Go out now sick, v. 12, 13. 1. In mercy to him; lest, if he live, he
thou treacherous false-hearted hypocrite, I never knew thee, be infected with the sin, and so involved in the ruin, of his
why fergnest thou thyself to be another ?" Tidings of a portion father's house. Observe the character given of him, In him
with hypocrites will be heavy tidings; God will judge men was found some good thing toward the Lord God of Israel, in
according to what they are, not according to what they seem. the house of Jeroboam. He only had an affection for the true

V.7–20. When those that set up idols, and keep them up, worship of God, and disliked the worship of the calves. Note,
go to inquire of the Lord, he determines to answer them, nol(1.) Those are good, in whom are good things toward the Lord
according to the pretensions of their inquiry, but according to God of Israel; good inclinations, good intentions, good desires,
the multitude of their idols, (Ez. 14, 4;) so Jeroboam is an- toward him. (2.) Where there is but some good thing of that
swered here. He prevented her inquiry concerning the child, kind, it will be found : God that seeks it, sees it, be it ever so
and foretels the ruin of Jeroboam's house for the wickedness little, and is pleased with it. (3.) A little grace goes a great
of it; no one else durst have carried such a message, a servant way with great people. It is so rare to find princes well
would have smothered it, but his own wife cannot be suspected affected to religion, that, when they are so, they are worthy
of ill will to him.

of double honour. (4.) Pious dispositions are, in a peculiar I. God calls himself the Lord God of Israel; though Israel manner, amiable and acceptable, when they are found in those had forsaken God, God had not cast them off, nor given them that are young. The divine image, in miniature, has a pecua bill of divorce for their whoredoms; he is Israel's God, and liar beauty and lustre in it. (5.) Those that are good in bad therefore will take vengeance on him who did them the greatest times and places, shine very bright in the eyes of God. A mischief he could do them, and drew them away from him. good child in the house of Jeroboam, is a miracle of divine

II. He upbraids Jeroboam with the great favour he had be- grace: to be there untainted, is like being in the fiery furnace stowed upon him, in making him king, exalting him from among unhurt, unsinged. Observe the care taken of him: he only, the people, the common people, to be prince over God's chosen of all Jeroboam's family, shall die in honour; shall be buried, Israel, and taking the kingdom from the house of David, to and shall be lamented, as one that lived desired. Note, Those bestow it upon him. Whether we keep an account of God's that are distinguished by divine grace, shall be distinguished mercies to us or no, he does, and will set even them in order by divine providence. This hopeful child dies first of all the before us, if we be ungrateful, to our greater confusion; other family, for God often takes them soonest, whom he loves best; wise, he gives, and upbraids not.

heaven is the fittest place for them, this earth is not worthy of III. He charges him with his impiety and apostacy, and his them. 2. In wrath to the family'; it was a sign the family idolatry particularly; Thou hast done evil above all that were would be ruined, when he was taken, by whom it might have before thee, v. 9. . Saul, that was rejected, never worshipped been reformed. The righteous are removed from the evil to idols; Solomon did it but occasionally, in his dotage, and never come in this world, to the good to come in a better world. It made Israel to sin; Jeroboam's calves, though pretended to be is a bad omen to a family, when the best in it are buried out of set up in honour of the God of Israel, that brought them up out it; when what was valuable, is picked out, the rest is for the of Egypt, yet are here called other gods, or strange gods, fire. It is likewise a present affliction to the family and kingbecause in them he worshipped God, as the heathen worship- dom, by which both ought to have been bettered.

It aggraped their strange gods; because by them he changed the truth vated it to the poor mother, that she should not reach home of God into a lie, and represented him as altogether different time enough to see her son alive. When thy feet enter into the from what he is; and because many of the ignorant worship city, just then the child shall die. This was to be a sign to her pers terminated their devotion in the image, and did not at all of the accomplishment of the rest of the threatenings, as regard the God of Israel. Though they were calves of gold, 1 Sam. 2. 34. the richness of the metal was so far from making them accepta VI. He foretels the setting up of another family to rulo able to God, that they provoked him to anger; designedly over Israel, v. 14. This was fulfilled in Baasha of Issachar, affronted him, under colour of pleasing him. In doing this, who conspired against Nadab the son of Jeroboam, in the 1. He had not set David before him; (v. 8,) Thou hast not second year of his reign, murdered him, and all his family. been as my servant David ; who, though he had his faults, and "But what? Even now. Why do I speak of it as a thing at some bad ones, yet he never forsook the worship of God, nor a distance? It is at the door; it shall be done, even now." grew loose or cold to that; his faithful adherence to that, gained Sometimes God makes quick work with sinners, he did so him this honourable character, that he followed God with all his with the house of Jeroboam. It was not twenty-four years heart, and herein he was proposed for an example to all his suc- from his first elevation to the final extirpation of his family. cessors; those did not do well, that did not like David. 2. He VII. He foretels the judgments which should come upon had not set God before him; but, (v. 9,) " Thou hast cast me the people of Israel, for conforming to the worship which Jerobehind thy back, my law, my fear; neglected me, forgotten me, boam had established. If the blind lead the blind, both the and preferred thy policies before my precepls.".

blind leaders and the blind followers shall fall into the ditch. It IV. He foretels the utter ruin of Jeroboam's house, v. 10, is here foretold, (v. 15,) 1. That they should never be easy, 11. He thought, by his idolatry, to establish his government, nor rightly settled in their land, but continually shaken like a and by that, he not only lost it, but brought destruction upon reed in the water. After they left the house of David, the his family; the universal destruction of all the males, whether government never continued long in one family, but one undershut up or left, married or unmarried. 1. Shameful destruc- mined and destroyed another, which must needs occasion tion; they shall be taken away as dung, which is loathsome, great disorders and disturbances among the people. 2. That and which men are glad to be rid of

. He worshipped dung. I they should, ere long, be totally expelled out of their land, that

1

25 And it came to pass, in the fifth year of king News in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam

a ver. 12, 13,
e Deut. 32.21. P. 78. 58. I Cor. 10. 22.

Ez. 16. 24, 25.

I c. 10. 17.

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m c. 12. 24. 15. 6.

for him, according to the word of the LORD, which | Rehoboam, that Shishak king of Egypt came up he spake "by the hand of his servant Ahijah the against Jerusalem: prophet.

26 And he took away the treasures of the house 19 And the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house : warred, and how he reigned, behold, they are writ- he even took away all: and he took away all the ten in the book of the chronicles of the kings of shields of gold 'which Solomon had made. Israel.

27 And king Rehoboam made in their stead 20 And the days which Jeroboam reigned were brazen shields, and committed them unto the hands two and twenty years: and he "slept with his fa- of the chief of the guard, which kept the door of thers, and Nadab his son reigned in his stead. the king's house.

21 And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in 28 And it was so, when the king went into the Judah. Rehoboam was «forty and one years old house of the Lord, that the guard bare them, and when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen brought them back into the guard-chamber. years in Jerusalem, the city dwhich the Lord did 29 Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam, and choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name all that he did, are they not written in the book of there. And his mother's name was Naamah, an the chronicles of the kings of Judah? Ammonitess.

30 And mthere was war between Rehoboam and 22 And Judah did evil in the sight of the LORD, Jeroboam all their days. and they provoked him to jealousy with their sins 31 And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and which they had committed, above all that their fa- was buried with his fathers in the city of David. thers had done :

And his mother's name was Naamah, an Ammo23 For they also built them high places and nitess. And Abijam” his son reigned in his stead. timages and groves, on every high hill, and kunder every green tree.

CHAPTER XV. 24 And there were also Sodomites in the land; In this chapter, we have an abstract of the history, 1. of two of the kings of Julak,

Ahijam, the days of whose reign were few and evil, (v. 1-8,) and Asa, who and they did according to all the abominations of

reigned well and long, v. 9-21. I. Of two of the kings of Israel, Nadab tha the nations which the Lord cast out before the chil son of Jeroboam, and Baasha the destroyer of Jeroboarn's house, v. 25-34. dren of Israel.

the . 62 Chr. 13. 2, &c. * lay doron, c2 Chr. 12. 13. dc. 11. 36. h Is. 57. 5, Jer. 3. 13. i Deut. 23. 17. 2 Kings 23. 7. k 2 Chr. 12. 2, &c. 1 or, standing

12 Chr. 12. 16, Abijah, Matt. images, or, statues. & 2 Kiogs 17. 9, 10,

1.7, Abia. a 2 Chr. 13. 1, &c. gool land, and given up to ruin, v. 16. This was fulfilled in father, and grandson, that reigned well, reigned long, 40 years the captivity of the ten tribes by the king of Assyria. Fami- apiece ; but sin often shortens men's lives and comforts. lies and kingdoms are ruined by sin, ruined by the wickedness II. Here is much said to the disadvantage of the subjects, of the heads of them. Jeroboam did sin, and made Israel to both as to their character and their condition. sin. If great men do wickedly, they involve many others both 1. See here how wicked and profane they were. It is a most in the guilt and in the snare ; multitudes follow their pernicious sad account that is here given of their apostacy from God, ways. They go to hell with a long train, and their condem v. 22–24. Judah, the only professing people God had in the nation will be more intolerable, who must answer not only for world, did evil in his sight, in contempt and defiance of him, and their own sins, but for the sins which others have been drawn the tokens of his special presence with them; they provoked him into, and kept in, by their influence.

to jealousy, as the adulterous wife provokes her husband, by Jeroboam's wife has nothing to say against the word of the breaking the marriage-covenant. Their fathers had been bad Lord, but she goes home with a heavy heart to their house in enough, especially in the times of the judges, but they did aboTirzah, a sweet delightful place, so the name signiñes, famed minable things, above all that their fathers had done. The magfor its beauty, Cant. 6. 4. But death cannot be shut out from nificence of their temple, the pomp of their priesthood, and all it, which will stain its beauty, and imbitter all its delights, the secular advantages with which their religion was attended, Hither she came, and here we leave her attending the funeral could not prevail to keep them close to it; nothing less than the of her son, and expecting the fate of her family.

pouring out of the Spirit from on high, will keep God's Israel in (1.) The child died, (v. 17;) and justly did all Israel mourn, their allegiance to him. The account here given of the wickednot only for the loss of so hopeful a prince, whom they were not ness of the Jews, agrees with that which the apostle gives of the worthy of, but because his death plucked up the floodgates, and wickedness of the Gentile world, (Rom. 1. 21, 24;) so that both made a breach, at which an inundation of judgments broke in. Jew and Gentile are all alike under sin, Rom. 3. 9. (1.) They

(2.) Jeroboam himself died soon after, v. 20. It is said, became vain in their imaginations concerning God, and changed (2 Chr. 13. 20,) The Lord struck him with some sore dis his glory into an image, for they built them high places, images, ease, so that he died miserably, when he had reigned twenty- and groves, (v. 23,) profaning God's name, by affixing to it two years ; and left his crown to a son, who lost it, and his life their images, and God's ordinances, by serving their idols with too, and all the lives of his family, within two years after. For them. They foolishly fancied that they exalted God, when they a further account of him, the reader is referred to the annals of worshipped him on high hills, and pleased him, when they werhis reign, drawn up by his own secretaries, or to the public shipped him under the pleasant shadow of green trees. (2.) They records, like those in the Tower, called here. The book, or were given up to vile affections, (as those idolaters, Rom. register, of the Chronicles of the kings of Israel, to which re 1, 26, 27,) for there were Sodomites in the land, (v. 24 :) men course might be had; but, not being divinely inspired, they are with men working that which is unseemly, and not to be thought long since lost.

of, much less mentioned, without abhorrence and indignation. V. 21–31. Judah's story and Israel's are intermixed in this They dishonoured God by one sin, and then God left them to book. Jeroboam outlived Rehoboam four or five years, yet dishonour themselves by another. They profaned the privileges : his history is despatched first, that the account of Rehoboam's of a holy nation, therefore God gave them up to their own reign may be laid together; and a sad account it is.

hearts' lusts, to imitate the abominations of the accursed CaI. Here is no good said of the king. All the account we have naanites; and herein the Lord was righteous. And when they of him here, is, i. That he was 41 years old, when he began to did like them that were cast out, how could they expect any other reign, by which reckoning, he was born in the last year of David, than to be cast out like them? and had his education, and the forming of his mind, in the best 2. See here how weak and poor they were ; and this was the days of Solomon; yet he lived not up to it. Solomon's defec consequence of the former. Sin exposes, impoverishes, and tion, at last, did more to corrupt him, than his wisdom and devo weakens any people. Shishak, king of Egypt, came against tion had done to give him good principles. 2. That he reigned them, and so far, either by force or surrender, made bimself 17 years in Jerusalem, the city where God put his name, where master of Jerusalem itself, that he took away the treasures both he had opportunity enough to know his duly, if he had had but a of the temple and of the exchequer, of the house of the Lord, heart to do it. 3. That his mother was Naamah, an Ammon- and of the king's house, which David and Solomon had itess; this is twice mentioned, v, 21, 31. It was strange that amassed, v. 25, 26. These, it is likely, tempted him to make David would marry his son Salomon to an Ammonitess, (for this descent; and, to save th rest, Rehoboam perhaps tamely it was done while he lived,) but, it is probable, Solomon was surrendered them, as Ahab, ch. 20. 24. He also took away the in love with her, because she was Naamah, a beauty, so it sig-golden shields, that were made but in his father's time, (v. 26 ;) nifies, and his father was loath to cross him, but it proved 10 these the king of Egypt carried off as trophies of his victory; have a very bad influence upon posterity. Probably, she was and, instead of them, Rehoboam made brazen shields, which daughter to Shobi the Ammonite, who was kind to David, the lifeguard carried before him, when he went to church in (2 Sam. 17. 27,) and David was too willing to requite him by state, v. 27, 28. This was an emblem of the diminution of his matching his son into his family. None can imagine how last. glory. Sin makes the gold become dim, changes the most fine ing and how fatal the consequences may be, of being inequally gold, and turns it into brass. We commend Rehoboain for yoked with unbelievers. 4. That he had continual war with going to the house of the Lord, perhaps the oftener for the Jeroboam, (v. 30,) which could not but be a perpetual uneasi- / rebuke he had been under, and do not condemn him for going ness to him. 5. That when he had reigned but 17 years, he

in pomp.

Great men should honour God with their honour, died, and left his throne to his son. His father, and grand- and then they are themselves most honoured by it,

NOTES TO CHAPTER XV.

2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And 9 And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king this mother's name was "Maachah, the daughter of of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. Abishalom.

10 And forty and one years reigned he in Je3 And he walked in all the sins of his father, rusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, which he had done before him: and his heart was the daughter of Abisbalom. not perfect with the Lord his God, as the heart of 11 And Asa did that which was right in the David his father.

eyes of the Lord, as did David his father. 4 Nevertheless, for David's sake, did the Lord 12 And he took away the sodomites out of the his God give him a "lamp in Jerusalem, to set up land, and removed all the idols that his fathers had his son after him, and to establish Jerusalem : made.

5 Because David did that which was right in the 13 And also Maachah his mother, even her he eyes of the Lord, and turned not aside from any removed from being queen, because she had made thing that he commanded him all the days of his an idol in a grove: and Asa "destroyedt her idol, lite, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite. and burnt 'it by the brook Kidron.

6 And there was war between Rehoboam and 14 But the high places were not removed: neJeroboam all the days of his life.

vertheless Asa's heart was perfect with the Lord 7 Now the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that all his days. he did, are they not written in the book of the 15 And he brought in the things which his fachronicles of the kings of Judah? And there was ther had dedicated, and the things which himself war between Abijam and Jeroboam.

had dedicated, into the house of the Lord, silver, 8 And 6 Abijam slept with his fathers; and they and gold, and vessels. buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son 16 And there was war between Asa and Baasha reigned in his stead.

king of Israel all their days. 62 Chr. 11. 20-22. c 2 Chr. 13. 2. Michaiah the daughter of Uriel. d 2 Chr. & 2 Chr. 14. 1, &c. fi. e. grandmothers. ver. 2. A 2 Chr. 15. 16, &c. 11. 21. Absalon. ec. 11. 4. J 2 Chr. 21. 7. or, candle. c. 11. 36.

of Ex. 32. 20. k c. 22. 13. holy.

that he did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord, but the V.1-8. We have here a short account of the short reign exception very remarkable, save only in the matter of Uriah, of Abijam the son of Rehoboam king of Judah. He makes a including both his murder, and the debauching of his wife. better figure, 2 Chr. 13. where we have an account of his war That was a bad matter; it was a remaining blot upon his name, with Jeroboam, the speech he made before the armies engaged, a bar in his escutcheon, and the reproach of it was not wiped and the wonderful victory he obtained by the help of God. away, though the guilt was. David was guilty of other faults, There he is called Abijah, My father is the Lord, because no but they were nothing in comparison of thal; yet even thal, wickedness is there laid to his charge. But here, where we being repented of, though it be mentioned for warning to others, are told of his faults, Jah, the name of God, is, in disgrace to did not prevail to throw him out of the covenant, nor to cut off him, taken away from his name, and he is called Abijam, Jer. the entail of the promise upon his seed. 22. 24. Few particulars are related concerning him. i. He V.9-24. We have here a short account of the reign of began his reign in the beginning of Jeroboam's 18th year; for Asa; we shall find a more copious history of it, 2 Chr. 14. 15, Rehoboam reigned but 17, ch. 14.21. Jeroboam indeed survived and 16. Rehoboam, but Rehoboam's Abijah lived to succeed him, and Here is, to be a terror to Jeroboam, while Jeroboam's Abijah (whom we 1. The length of it; He reigned forty-one years in Jerusaread of ch. 14. 1) died before him. 2. He reigned scarcely lem, v. 10. In the account we have of the kings of Judah, we three years, for he died before the end of Jeroboam's 20th year, find the number of the good kings and the bad ones nearly v. 9. Being made proud and secure by his great victory over equal; but then we may observe, io our comfort, that the reign Jeroboam, (2 Chr. 13. 21,) God cut him off, to make way for of the good kings was generally long, but that of the bad kings his son Asa, who would be a better man. 3. His mother's name short, the consideration of which will make the state of God's was Maachah the daughter of Abishalom, namely, Absalom, church not altogether so bad, within that period, as it appears David's son, as I am the rather inclined to think, because two at first sight. Length of days is in Wisdom's right hand. other of Rehoboam's wives were his near relations, (2 Chr. Honour thy father, much more thy heavenly Father, that thy 11. 18,) one the daughter of Jerimoth, David's son ; and another days may be long. the daughter of Eliab, David's brother. He took warning by II. The general good character of it; (v. 11,) Asa did that his father, not to marry strangers; yet thought it below him to which was right the eyes of the Lord. That is right indeed, marry his subjects, except they were of the royal family. 4. He which is so in God's eyes. Those are approved, whom he comcarried on his father's wars with Jeroboam. As ihere was mends. He did as did David his father, kept close to God, and continual war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam, not set battles, to his instituted worship, was hearly and zealous for that, which (they were forbidden, ch. 12. 24,) but frequent encounters, gave him this honourable character, that he was like David, especially upon the borders; one making incursions and reprisals though he was not a prophet, or psalmist, as David was. If we on the other : so there was between Abijam and Jeroboam, come up to the graces of those that are gone before us, it will (v. 7,) till Jeroboam, with a great army, invaded him, and then be our praise with God, though we come short of their gifts. Abijam, not being forbidden to act in his own defence routed Asa was like David, though he was neither such a conqueror, him, and weakened him, that he compelled him to be quiet the nor such an author ; for his heart was perfect with the Lord all rest of his reign, 2 Chr. 13. 20.

his days, (v. 14,) that is, he was both cordial and constant in But, in general, we are told, (1.) That he was not like David, his religion. What he did for God, he was sincere in, steady had no hearty affection for the ordinances of God; though, to and uniform, and did it from a good principle, with a single eye serve his purpose against Jeroboam, he pleaded his possession to the glory of God. of the temple and priesthood, as that which he valued himself II. The particular instances of Asa's piety. His times upon, 2 Chr. 13. 10–12. Many boast of their profession of were times of reformation. For, 1. He removed that which godliness, who are strangers to the power of it; and plead the was evil. There reformation begins; and a great deal of work truth of their religion, who yet are not true to it. His heart of that kind his band found to do. For though it was but 20 was not perfect with the Lord his God; he seemed to have zeal, years after the death of Solomon, that he began to reign, yet but he wanted sincerity; he began well, but he fell off, and

Im

very gross corruption had spread far, and taken deep root. walked in all the sins of his father, followed his bad example, morality he first struck at; he took away the Sodomites out of though he had seen the bad consequences of it. He that was the land, suppressed the brothels; for how can either prince or all his days in war, ought to have been so wise as to make and people prosper, while those cages of unclean and filthy birds; keep his peace with God, and not to make him his Enemy, more dangerous than pest-houses, are suffered to remain ? especially having found him so good a Friend in his war with Then he proceeded against idolatry; he removed all the idols, Jeroboam, 2 Chr. 13. 18. Let favour be showed the wicked, yet even those that his father had made, v. 12. His father having will he not lenrn righteousness, İs. 26. 10. (2.) Thal yet it was made them, he was the more concerned to remove them, that he for David's sake that he was advanced to, and continued upon, might cut off the entail of the curse, and prevent the visiting of the throne; it was for his sake, (v. 4, 5,) that God thus set up that iniquity upon him and his. Nay, (which redounds much his son afler him; not for his own sake, or for the sake of his to his honour, and shows his heart was perfect with God,) when father, whose steps he trod in, but for the sake of David, whose he found idolatry in the court,

he rooted it out thence, v. 13. example he would not follow. Note, It aggravates the sin of a When it appeared that Maachah his mother, or rather his degenerale seed, that they fare the better for the piety of their grandmother, (but called his mother, because she had the eduancestors, and owe their blessings to it, and yet will not imitate cation of him in his childhood,) had an idol in a grove, though it. They stand upon that ground, and yet

despise it, and trample she was his mother, his grandmother, though, it is likely, she upon it, and unreasonably ridicule and oppose that which they had a particular fondness for it, though, being old, she could not enjoy the benefit of. The kingdom of Judah was supported, live long to patronise it, though she kept it for her own use only, (1) That David might have a lamp, pursuant to the divine yet he would by no means connive at it. Reformation must ordination of a lamp for his anointed, Ps. 132. 17. (2.) That begin at home. Bad practices will never be suppressed in tho Jerusalem might be established; not only that the honours put country, while they are supported in the court. Asa, in every upon is, in David's and Solomon's time, might be preserved to thing else, will honour and respect his mother; he loves her it, but that it might be reserved to the honours designed for it well, but he loves God better, and, like the Levite, (Deut. 33. 9,) in aftertimes. The character here given of David, is very great, I bravely forgets the relation, when it comes in competition with

17 And 'Baasha king of Israel went up against 24 And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buJudah, and built Ramah," that he "might not suffer ried with his fathers in the city of David his father: any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah. and "Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead.

18 Then Asa took all the silver and the gold 25 And Nadab the son of Jeroboam #began to that were left in the treasures of the house of the reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Lord, and the treasures of the king's house, and Judah, and reigned over Israel iwo years. delivered them into the hand of his servants: and 26 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and king Asa sent them to Ben-hadad, the son of Ta- walked in the way of his father, and in his sin brimon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, that dwelt wherewith he made Israel to sin. "at Damascus, saying,

27 And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house 19 There is a league between me and thee, and of Issachar, conspired against him: and Baasha between my father and thy father: behold, I have smote him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the sent unto thee a present of silver and gold; come Philistines ; (for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to and break the league with Baasha king of Israel, Gibbethon ;) that he may *depart from me.

28 Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah 20 So Ben-hadad hearkened unto king Asa, and did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead. sent the captains of the hosts which he had against 29 And it came to pass, when he reigned, that the cities of Israel, and smote Ijon,and Dan, and he smote all the house of Jeroboam; he left not to Abel-bethmaachah, and all Cinneroth, with all the Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroyed land of Naphtali.

him, according unto the saying of the LORD, which 21 And it came to pass, when Baasha heard he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite : thereof, that he left off building of Ramah, and 30 Because of the sins of Jeroboam which he dwelt in Tirzah.

sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his pro22 Then king Asa made a proclamation through- vocation wherewith he provoked "the Lord God of out all Judah; none was exempted: and they took Israel to anger. away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, 31 Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that wherewith Baasha had builded : and king Asa built he did, are they not written in the book of the chrowith them Geba "of Benjamin, and Mizpah.' nicles of the kings of Israel?

23 The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his 32 And there was war between Asa and Baasha might, and all that he did, and the cities which he king of Israel all their days. built, are they not written in the book of the chro 33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah began nicles of the kings of Judah? Nevertheless in the Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in time of his old age he was diseased win his feet. Tirzah, twenty and four years.

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his duty. If she be an idolater, (1.) Her idol shall be destroyed, yet, in some instances, come short of doing the good they might publicly exposed to contempl, defaced, and burned to ashes, by and should do. The perfection which is made the indispensthe brook Kidron, on which, it is probable, he strewed the ashes, able condition of the new covenant, is not to be understood of in imitation of Moses, (Ex. 32. 20,) and in token of his detest- sinlessness, (then we were all undone,) but sincerity. 2. Did ation of idolatry, and his indignation at it, wherever he found he bring in the dedicated things? That was well : but he afierit. Let no remains of a court idol appear. (2.) She shall be ward alienated the dedicated things, when he took the gold and deposed; he removed her from being queen, or from the queen, silver out of the house of God, and sent them as a bribe to Benthat is, from conversing with his wife; he banished her the hadad, to hire him to break his league with Baasha, and, by court, and confined her to an obscure and private life. They making an inroad upon his country, to give him a diversion from that have power, are happy, when thus they have hearts to use the building of Ramah, v. 18, 19. Here he sinned, (1.) In it well. 2. He re-established that which was good, v. 15. He tempting Ben-hadad to break his league, and so to violate the brought into the house of God the derlicated things which he him- public faith. If he did wrong in doing it, as certainly he did, self had vowed out of the spoils of the Ethiopians he had con Asa did wrong in pursuading bim to do it. (2.) In that he quered, and which his father had vowed, but lived not to bring could not trust God, who had done so much for him, to free him in, pursuant to his vow. We must not only cease to do evil, out of this strait, without his using such indirect means to help but learn to do well; not only cast away the idols of our iniquiry, himself. (3.) In taking the gold out of the treasury of the but dedicate ourselves and our all to God's honour and glory. temple, which was not to be made use of, but on extraordinary When those who, in their infancy, were, by baptism, devoted occasions. The project succeeded; Ben-hadad made a descent to God, make it their own act and deed io join themselves to upon the land of Israel, which obliged Baasha to retire with him, and vigorously employ themselves in his service, that is his whole force from Ramah, (1. 20, 21,) which gave Asa a fair bringing in the dedicated things which they and their fathers opportunity to demolish his works there, and the timber and have dedicated; it is necessary justice, rendering to God the stones served him for the building of some cities of his own, things that are his.

v. 22. But though the design proepered, we find it was disIV. His political conduct. He built cities himself, to en- pleasing to God; and though Asa valued himself upon the policy courage the increase of his people, (v. 23,) and to invite others of it, and promised himself that it would effectually secure his to him by the conveniences of habitation. And he was very peace, he is told by a prophet, that he had done foolishly, and zealous to hinder Baasha from building Ramah, because he that from thenceforth he should have wars; see 2 Chr. 16. 7-9. designed it for the cutting off of communication between his VÍ. The troubles of his reign. For the most pari, he prospeople and Jerusalem, and to hinder those who, in obedience pered: but, 1. Baasha king of Israel was a very troublesome to God, would come to worship there. An enemy must by no neighbour to him. He reigned 24 years, and, all his days, had means be suffered to fortify a frontier town.

war, more or less, with Asa, v. 16. This was the effect of the V. The faults of his reign. In both the things for which he division of the kingdoms, that they were continually vexing one was praised, he was found defective; the fairest characters are another, which made them both an easier prey to the common not without some but or other in them. 1. Did he take away enemy. 2. In his old age, he was himself aflicted with the the idols? That was well: but the high places were not removed, gout; he was diseased in his feet, which made him less fit for (v. 14,) therein his reformation fell short. He removed all business, and peevish toward those about him. images which were rivals with the true God, or false represent VII. The conclusion of his reign. The acts of it were more ations of him; but the altars which were set up in high places, largely recorded in the common history, (to which reference is and to which those sacrifices were brought, which should have here had, v. 23,) ihan in this sacred one. He reigned long, but been uifered on the altar in the temple, those he suffered to finished, at last, with honour, and left his throne to a successor stand, thinking there was no great harm in them, they having no way inferior to him. been used by good men before the temple was built, and being V. 25-34. We are now to take a view of the miserable state loath to disoblige the people, who had a kindness to them, and of Israel, while the kingdom of Judah was happy under Asa's were wedded to them both by custom and convenience; where- good government. It was threatened that they should be as a as in Judah and Benjamin, the only tribes under Asa's govern- reed shaken in the water, (ch. 14. 15,) and so they were, when, ment, which lay so near Jerusalem and the altars there, there during the single reign of Asa, the government of their king was less pretence for them than in those tribes which lay more dom was in six or seven different hands, as we find in this and remote. They were against the law, which obliged them to the following chapter. Jeroboam was upon the throne, in the worship at one place, Dent. 12. 11. They lessened men's es- beginning of his reign, and Ahab at the end of it; between teem of the temple and the altars there, and were an open gap whom were Nadab, Baasha, Elah, Zimri, Tibni, and Omri, for idolatry to enter in at, while the people were so much ad- undermining and destroying one another. This they got by dicted to it. It was not well that Asa, when his hand was in, deserting the bouse both of God and of David. did not remove these; nevertheless his heart was perfect with the Here is, 1. The ruin and extirpation of the family of JeroLord. This affords us a comfortable note, that those may be boam, according to the word of the Lord by Ahijah. His son found honest and upright with God, and be accepted of him, who Nadab succeeded him. If the death of his brother Abijah had

THENO'.wani, against Baastia, saying,

34 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and dogs eat; and him that dieth of his in the field walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin shall the fowls of the air eat. dwherewith he made Israel to sin.

5 Now the rest of the acts of Baasha, and what

he did, and his might, are they not written in the CHAPTER XVI.

book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

6 So Baasba slept with his fathers, and was This chapter relates wholly to the kingdom of Israel, and the revolutions of that buried in Tirzah : and Elah his son reigned in his kingdom-many in a little time had been 24 years a royal family, we read of in the chapter before. In this chap stead. ter, we have, I. The ruin of Kansha's family, after it had been but 26 years a

7 And also by the hand of the “prophet Jehu, the royal family, foretold by a prophet, (v. 1-7,) and executed by Zimri, one of his caplaius, v. 8-14. 11. The seven days' reign of Zimri, and his sudden fall,

son of Hanani, came the word of the Lord against . . The , and Lis reign, v. 21–23. IV. The beginning of the reign of Ahab, whom we shall Baasha, and against his house, even for all the evil afterward read much of, v. 29-33. V. Tbe rebuilding of Jericho, v. 34. All that he did in the sight of the Lord, in "provoking this while, in Judah things went well.

him to anger with the work of his hands, in being like THEN the word of the Lord came to Jehu athe the house of Jeroboam; and because he killed him.

8 In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of 2 Forasmuch as I exalted thee out of the dust, Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over and made thee prince over my people Israel, and Israel in Tirzah, two years. thou hast walked in the way dof Jeroboam, and hast 9 And his servant Ziniri, captain of half his 'made my people Israel to sin, to provoke me to chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tiranger with their sins;

zah, drinking himself drunk Pin the house of Arza, 3 Behold, I will take away the posterity of Baa- | *steward of his house in 'Tirzah. sha, and the posterity of his house; and will make 10 And Zimri went in and smote him, and killed thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of him, in the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Nebat.

Judah, and reigned in his stead. 4 Him that dieth of Baasha in the city shall the 11 And it came to pass, when he began to reign, as cc. 12. 28, 29. 13. 33, 31. dc. 14. 16. Is. 1. 4. ver. 7. 2 Chr. 19. 2. 20. 34. g c. 14. 11. h 2 Chr. 16. I, &c. ic. 15. 21. A ver. 1. I Ex. 20. 5. 1. ver. bo c. 15. 33. cc. 14.7. d c. 15.34. e Matt. 5. 19. ver. 11. c. 21.21, 22. 13. n c. 15, 27-29 o 2 Kings 9.31. ? Nah. 1. 10,

echica Bonus Orer. had a due influence upon him, to make him religious, and the Baasha seemed to have raised bimself by his own treachery honour done him at his death had engaged him to follow his and cruelty, yet there was the hand of Providence in it, to good example, his reign might have been long and glorious; but bring about God's counsel, concerning Jeroboam's house ; and he walked in the way of his father, (v. 26,) kept up the worship God's owning his advancement as his act and deed, does by no of his calves, and forbade his subjects to go up to Jerusalem to means amount to the patronising of his ambition and treachery. worship; sinned and made Israel to sin; and therefore God It is God that puts power into bad nien's hands, which he makes brought ruin upon him quickly, in the second year of his reign. to serve his good purposes, notwithstanding the bad use they He was besieging Gibbethon, a city which the Philistines had make of it. I made thee prince over my people. God calls Israel taken from the Danites, and was endeavouring to retake it; and his people still, though wretchedly corrupted, because they there, in the midst of his army, did Baasha, with others, con retained the covenant of circumcision, and there were many good spire against him, and kill him, (v.27;) and so little interest had people among them; it was not till long after, that they were he in the affections of his people, that his army did not only called Lo-ammi, not a people, Hos. 1. 9. (2.) He charges him not avenge his death, but chose his murderer for his successor. with high crimes and misdemeanors. 1.] That he had made Whether Baasha did it upon a personal pique against Nadab, Israel to sin, had seduced God's subjects from their allegiance, or to be avenged on the house of Jeroboam, for some affront re and had brought them to pay the homage due to him only, to ceived from them; or whether, under pretence of freeing his dunghill deities, and herein, he had walked in the way of Jerocountry from the tyranny of a bad prince; or whether, merely boam, (v.2,) and been like his house, v. 7. (2.) That he bad from a principle of ambition, or to make way for himself to the himseli provoked God to anger with the work of his hands, that throne, does not appear; but he slew him, and reigned in his is, by worshipping images, the work of men's hands; though stead, v. 28. And the first thing he did, when he came to the others made them, perhaps he served them, and thereby avowed crown, was, to cut off all the house of Jeroboam, that he might the making of them, and they are therefore called the work of the better secure himself, and his own usurped government. his hands. [3.] That he had destroyed the house of Jeroboam, He thought it not enough to imprison or banish them, but he (v. 7,) because he killed him, namely, Jeroboam's son, and all destroyed them; left not only no males, (as was foretold, ch. his; if he had done that with an eye to God, and to his will 14. 10,) but none that breathed. Herein, he was barbarous, and glory, and from a holy indignation against the sins of Jerobut God was righteous. Jeroboam's sin was punished, (v.30,) | boam and his house, he had been accepted and applauded as a for they that provoke God, do it to their own confusion; see Jer. minister of God's justice; but as he did it, he was not only the 7. 19. Ahijah's prophecy was accomplished, (v. 29,) for no tool of God's justice, but a servant to his own lusts, and is justly word of God shall fall to the ground. Divine threatenings are punished for the malice and ambition which governed him in not designed merely to terrify.

all he did. They who arr, any way, employed in denouncing 2. The elevation of Baasha. He shall be tried a while, as or executing the justice of God, (magistrates or ministers,) are Jeroboam was; 24 years he reigned, (v. 33,) but showed that concerned to do it from a good principle, and in a holy manner, it was not from any dislike to Jeroboam's sins, that he destroyed lest it turn into sin to them, and they make themselves obnoxhis family, but from malice and ambition; for when he had ious by it. (3.) He foretels the same destruction to come upon rooted out the sinner, he himself clave to the sin, and walked his family, which he himself had been employed to bring upon in the way of Jeroboam, (v. 34,), though he had seen the end of the family of Jeroboam, v. 3, 4. They who resemble others in that way; so strangely was his heart hardened with the deceit- their sins, may expect to resemble them in their plagues, espefulness of sin.

cially those who seem zealous against such sins in others, as they allow themselves in ; the house of Jehu was reckoned with

for the blood of the house of Ahab, Hos. 1. 4. V. 1-14. - Here is,

II. A reprieve granted for some time, so long, that Baasha 1. The ruin of the family of Baasha foretold: he was a man himself dies in peace, and is buried with honour in his own royal likely enough to have raised and established his family, active, city, (v. 6 :) so far is he from being a prey either to the dogs politic, and daring; but he was an idolater, and that brought or to the fowls, which yet was threatened to his house, v. 4. destruction upon his family. God sent him warning of it before, He lives not either to see or feel the punishment threatened, 1. That if he were thereby wrought upon to repent and reform, yer he was himself the greatest delinquent; certainly, there the ruin might be prevented; for God threatens, that he may must be a future state, in which impenitent sinners will suffer not strike, as one that desires not the death of sinners, 2. Thai, in their own persons, and not escape, as often they do in this if not, it might appear that the destruction, when it did come, world. Baasha died under no visible stroke of divine ven. whoever might be instruments of it, was the act of God's jus- geance, for aught that appears, but God laid up his iniquity for tice, and the punishment of sin. The warning was sent by his children, (as Job speaks, 'ch, 21. 19;) thus he often visits Jehu, the son of Hunani. The father was a seer, or prophet, sins. Observe, Baasha is punished by the destruction of his at the same time, 2 Chr. 16. 7. He was sent to Asa king of children after his death, and his children are punished by the Judah; but the son, who was young, and more active, was sent abuse of their bodies after their death; that is the only thing on this longer and more dangerous expedition to Baasha king which the threatening specifies, (v. 4.) that the dogs and the of Israel. Tuniores ad labores-Toil and adventure are for the fowls of the air should eat them, as if herein were designed a young. This Jehu was a prophet, and the son of a prophet. tacit intimation, That there are punishments after death, when Prophecy, thus happily eniajled, was worthy of so much the death has done its worst, which will be the sorest punishments, nore honour. This Jehu continued long in his usefulness, for and are most to be dreaded; these judgments on the body and we find him reproving Jehoshaphat, (2 Chr. 19. 2,) above 40 posterity, signified judgments on the soul when separated from years after, and writing the annals of that prince, 2 Chr. 20. 34. the body, by Him who, after he has killed, has power to cast into The message which this prophet brought to Baasha, is much hell. the same with that which Ahijah sent to Jeroboam by his wife. III. Execution done at last. Baasha's son Elah, like Jero (1.) He reminds him of the great things God had done for him ; boam's son Nadab, reigned two years, and then was slain by (v.2,) I exalted thee out of the dust, to the throne of glory; à Zimri, one of his own soldiers, as he was by Baasha : so like great instance of the divine sovereignty and power, 1 Sam. 2.8. was his house made to that of Jeroboam, as was threatened, v. 3.

NOTES TO CHAPTER XVI.

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