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• seven seten.

i

22 Thus did Noah; kaccording to all that God

shut him in. III. The coming of the threatened deluge, Y. 10, the causes of it, y,

11, 12, the prevalency of it, v. 17–20. IV. The dremiul desolations that were commanded him, so did he.

made by it in the death of every living creature upon earth, except those that
were in the ark, v. 21-23. v. Tbe continuance of it in full sea, bufore it began

to ebb, one hundred and fifty days, v. 24.
CHAPTER VII.
In this chapter, we have the performance of what was foretold in the foregoing chap-
ter, both concerning the destruction of the old world, and the salvation of Noah;

all thy house into the ark: for othee have I for we may be sure that no word of God shall fall to the ground. There we left Noah busy about his ark, and full of care to set it finished in time, while the rest seen righteous before me in this generation. of his neighbours were laughing at him for his pains. Now here we see what was the end thereof; the end of his care, and of their carelessness. And this famous

2 O1' every bclean beast thou shalt take to thee by period of the old world gives us some idea of the state of things, when the world

*sevens, the male and his female ; and of beasts that that now is, shall be restroyed by fire, as that was by water. See 2 Pet. 3.6, 7. We have, in this chapter, 1. God's gracious call tu Noah to come into the ark, v, are not clean by two, the male and his female. 1, and to bring the creatures that were to be preserved alive, along with him, v. 3 Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male 2, 3, in consideration of the delige at hand, v. 4. II. Noabis obedience to this heavenly visiva, v.5. When he was six hundred years old, he came with his and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of family into the ark, v. 6, 7, and brought the creatures along with him, v. 8, 9, an account of which is repeated, v. 13-16, to which is added God's tender care to

all the earth. k Heb. 11. 7. (1 Pet. 3. 20. 2 Pet. 2. 5.

b Lev. 11. accord come to him. He that makes the ox to know his owner every condition. This was it that made Noah's ark, which and his crib, then made him know his preserver and his ark. was a prison, to be to him not only a refuge, but a palace. (2.) He was to provide sustenance for them, that they might (3.) Noah had taken a great deal of pains to build the ark, not be starved, v. 21. He must victual his ship according to and now he was himself preserved alive in it. Note, What the number of his crew, that great family which he had now we do in obedience to the command of God, and in faith, we the charge of, and according to the time appointed for his con ourselves shall certainly have the comfort of, first or last. (4.) finement. Herein also he was a type of Christ, to whom it is Not he only, but his house also, his wife and children, are owing that the world stands, by whom all things consist, and called with him into the ark. Note, It is good to belong to the who preserves mankind from being totally cut off and ruined family of a godly man ; it is safe and comfortable to dwell by sin; in him the holy seed is saved alive, and the creation under such a shadow. One of Noah's sons was Ham, who rescued from the vanity under which it groans. Noah saved proved afterward a bad man, yet he was saved in the ark; those whom he was to rule, so does Christ, Heb. 5. 9.

which intimates, [1.] That wicked children often fare the better V. 22. Noah's care and diligence in building the ark may for the sake of their godly parents. (2.) That there is a mixbe considered,

ture of bad with good in the best societies on earth, and we 1. As an effect of his faith in the word of God: God had told are not to think it strange; in Noah's family there was a Ham, him he would shortly drown the world; he believed it, feared and in Christ's family there was a Judas: there is no perfect the threatened deluge, and, in that fear, prepared the ark. purity on this side heaven. (5.) This call to Noah was a type Note, We ought to mix faith with the revelalion God has made of the call which the Gospe gives to poor sinners. Christ is of liis wrath against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of an ark already prepared, in whom alone we can be safe, when inen; the threatenings of the word are not false alarms. Much death and judgment come; now the burden of the song is, Inight have been objected against the credibility of this warn- “Come, come;" the word says, “Come;" ministers say, ing given to Noah. “Who could believe that the wise God, “Come;" the Spirit says, “Come, come into the ark." who made the world, should so soon unmake it again ; who had 2. The reason for this invitation is a very honourable testidrawn the waters off the dry land, ch. 1. 9, 10, should cause mony to Noah's integrity, For thee have I seen righteous before them to cover it again? How would this be reconciled with me in this generation, Observe, (1.) Those are righteous inthe mercy of God, which is over all his works; especially that deed, that are righteous before God, that have not only the the innocent creatures should die for man's sin? Whenco form of godliness by which they appear righteous before meni, would water be had sufficient to deluge the world? And, if it who may easily be imposed upon, but the power of it, by which must be so, why should notice be given of it to Noah only?" they approve themselves to God, who searches the heart, and But Noah's faith triumphed over all these corrupt reasonings. cannot be deceived in men's character. (2.) God takes notice

2. As an act of obedience to the command of God; had he of, and is pleased with, those that are righteous before him; consulted with flesh and blood, many objections would have Thee have I seen. In a world of wicked people, God could see been raised against it. To rear a building, such a one as he one righteous Noah; that single grain of wheat could not be never saw, so large, and of such exact dimensions, would put lost, no not in so great a heap of chatl. The Lord knows them him upon a great deal of care, and labour, and expense; it that are his. (3.) God that is a witness to, will shortly be a would be a work of time, the vision was for a great while to witness for, his people's integrity; he that sees it will procome; his neighbours would ridicule him for his credulity, and claim it before angels and men, to their immortal honour. he would be the song of the drunkards; his building would be They that obtain mercy to be righteous, shall obtain witness called Noah's folly; if the worst came to the worst, as we say, that they are righteous. (4.) God is, in a special manner, each would fare as well as his neighbours. But these, and a pleased with those that are good in bad times and places. thousand such objections, Noah by faith got over; his obedi-Noah was therefore illustriously righteous, because he was so ence was ready and resolute. Thus did Noah willingly and in that wicked and adulterous generation. (5.). Those that cheerfully, without murmuring and disputing. God says, Do keep themselves pure in times of common iniquity, God will this, and he does it: it was also punctual and persevering; he keep safe in times of common calamity; those that parlake did all exactly according to the instructions given him, and not with others in their sins, shall not partake with them in having begun to build, did not give off till he had finished it: so their plagues; those that are better than others are, even in did he, and so must we do.

this life, safer than others, and it is better with them. 3. As an instance of wisdom for himself, thus to provide for II. Here are necessary orders given concerning the brute his own safety; he feared the deluge, and therefore prepared creatures that were to be preserved alive with Noah in the the ark. Note, When God gives warning of approaching ark, v. 2, 3. They were not capable of receiving the warning judgments, it is our wisdom and duty to provide accordingly. and directions themselves, as man was, who herein is taughi See Ex. 9. 20, 21, Ez. 3. 18. We must prepare to meet the more than the beasts of the earth, and made wiser than the fowls Lora in his judgments on earth, flee to his name as a strong of heaven—that he is endued with the power of foresight; tower, Prov. 18. 10; enter into our chambers, Is. 26. 20, 21, therefore man is charged with the care of them: being tinder especially prepare to meet him at death, and in the judgment his dominion, they must be under his protection; and though of the great day, build upon Christ the Rock, Matt. 7. 24; go he could not secure every individual, yet he must carefully into Christ the Ark.

preserve every species, that no tribe, no not the least consider4. As intended for warning to a careless world: and it was able, might entirely perish out of the creation. Observe in fair warning of the deluge coming ; every blow of his axes and this, 1. God's care for man, and for his comfort and benefit; hammers was a call to repentance, a call to them to prepare we do not find that Noah was solicitous of himself about this arks too. But since by it he could not convince the world, by matter; but God consults our happiness more than we do ourit he condemned the world, Hob. 11. 7.

selves. Though God saw that the old world was very pro

voking, and foresaw that the new one would be little better; XOTES TO CHAPTER VII.

yet he would preserve the brute creatures for man's use: Doth V.1–4. Here is,

God take care for oxen? I Cor. 9. 9. Or was it not rather I. A gracious invitation of Noah and his family into a place for man's sake that this care was taken? 2. Even the unclean of safety, now that the flood of waters was coming on, v. 1. beasts (which were least valuable and profitable) were pre

1. The call itself is very kind, like that of a tender father served alive in the ark; for God's tender mercies are over all to his children, to come in doors, when he sees night or a storm his works, and not only over those that are of the most emicuming ; Come thou, and all thy hou se, that small family that nence and use, 3. Yet more of the clean were preserved than thou hast, into the ark. Observe, (1.) Noah did not go into of the unclean, (1.) Because the clean were most for the serthe ark till God bade him; though he knew it was designed vice of man; and therefore, in favour to him, more of them for his place of refuge, yet he waited for a renewed command, were preserved, and are still propagated. Thanks be to God, and had it. It is very comfortable to follow the calls of Pro that there are not herds of lions as there are of oxen, nor flocks vidence, and to see God going before us in every step we lake. of tigers as there are of sheep. (2.) Because the clean were (2.) God does not bid him go into the ark, but come into it, for sacrifice to God; and therefore in honour to him, moro of implying that God would go with him, would lead him into it, them were preserved, three couple for breed, and the odd accompany him in it, and in due time bring him safe out of seventh for sacrifice, ch. 8. 20. God gives us six for one in it. Note, Wherever we are, it is very desirable to have the earthly things, as in the distribution of the days of the week, presence of God with us, for that is all in all, to the comfort of that in spiritual things we should be all for him. Whai is de.

• blot out.

4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain clean, and of fowls, and of every thing that creepeth upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and upon the earth, every living substance that I have made will I' *de 9 There went in two and two unto Noah into stroy from off' the face of the earth.

the ark, the male and the female, as God had 5 And Noah did according unto all that the commanded Noah. Lord commanded him.

10 And it came to pass, after tseven days, that 6 And Noah was six hundred years old when the the waters of the flood were upon the earth. flood of waters was upon the earth.

11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in 7 And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, and his sons' wives, with him, into the ark, because the same day were all the fountains of the great of the waters of the food.

deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were 8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not opened. for, on the serenth day.

cc. 8. 2. Prov. 8. 28. Matt. 24. 38. I Then. 5.3. or, Nood-gales. voted to Goi's honour, and used in his service, is particularly II. The second causes that concurred to this deluge ; in the blessed and increased.

self-same day that Noah was fixed in the ark, the inundation III. Here is nouice given of the now imminent approach of began. Note, 1. Desolating judgments come noi, till God has the Hond, v. 4, Yet seven days, and I will cause il to rain. 1. provided for the security of his own people ; see ch. 19. 22, I " It shall be seven days yet, before I do it." After the 120 can do nothing till thou be come thither: and we find, Rev. 7. 3, years were expired, God grants them a reprieve of seven days the winds are held till the servants of God are sealed. 2. When longer; both to show how slow he is to anger, and that punish- good men are removed, judgments are not far off; for they are ing work is his strange work, and also to give them some further taken away from the evil to come, Is. 57. 1. When they are space for repentance; but all in vain ; these seven days were called into the chambers, hidden in the grave, hidden in heaven, titled away, after all the rest; they continued secure and sen then God is coming out of his place to punish, Is. 26. 20, 21. sual until the day that the flood came. 2. "It shall be but Now see what was done on that day, that fatal day to the seven days." While Noah told them of the judgment at a world of the ungodly. 1. The fountains of the great deep were distance, they were tempted to put off their repentance, be- broken up. Perhaps there needed no new creation of waters; cause the vision was for a great while to come ; but now he is what were already made to be, in the common course of proordered to tell them that it is at the door, that they have but vidence, blessings to the earth, were now by an extraordinary oue week more to turn them in, but one sabbath more to im- act of divine power, made the ruin of it. God has laid up the prove; 10 see if that will now, at last, awaken them to consider deep in storehouses, (Ps. 33. 7,) and now he broke up those the things that belonged to their peace, which otherwise would stores. As our bodies have in themselves those humours, soon be hidden from their eyes. But it is common for those which, when God pleases, become the seeds and springs of who have been careless of their souls during the years of their mortal diseases, so the earth had in its bowels those waters, health, when they have looked upon death at a distance, to be which, at God's command, sprang up, and flooded it. God as careless during the days, the seven days, of their sickness, had, in the creation, set bars and doors to the waters of the sea, when they see it approaching, their hearis being hardened by that they might not return to cover the earth, (Ps. 104. 9. Job the deceitfulness of sin.

38. 9-11,) and now he only removed those ancient landmarks, V. 5-10. Here is Noah's ready obedience to the com- mounds, and fences; and the waters of the sea returned to mands that God gave him.

cover the earth, as they had done at first, ch. 1. 9. Note, All 1. He went into the ark, upon notice that the flood would the creatures are ready to fight against sinful man, and any of come after seven days, though, probably, as yet there appeared them is able to be the instrument of his ruin, if God do but by visible sign of its approach, no cloni arising that threatened take off the restraints by which they are held in, during the it, nothing done toward it, but all continued serene and clear ; day of God's patience. 2. The windows of heaven were opened, for as he prepared the ark by faith in the warning given, that and the waters which were above the firmament were poured out the floor would come, so he went into it by faith in this warn- upon the world ; those treasures which God has reserved against ing, that it would come quickly, though he did not see that the the day of trouble, the day of buttle and war, Job 38. 22, 23. second causes had yet begun to work. In every step he look, The rain, which ordinarily descends in drops, then came down he walked by faith, and not hy sense. During these seven in streams, or spouts, as ihey call them in the Indies, where days, it is likely, he was seuling himself and his family in the clouds have been often known to burst, as they express it there, ark, and distributing the creatures into their several apart when the rain descends in a much more violent torrent than we ments, which was the conclusion of that visible sermon which have ever seen in the greatest shower. We read, Job 26, 8, he had long been preaching to his careless neighbours, and that God binds up the waters in his thick clouds, and the cloud is which, one would think, might have awakened them; but, not ob- not rent under them ; but now the bond was loosed, the cloud taining that desired end, it left their blood upon their own heads. was rent, and such rains descended as were never known before

2. He took all his family along with him; his wife, to be his or since, in such abundance, and of such continuance: the companion and comfort; (though it should seem that, after thick cloud was not, as ordinarily it is, wearied with waterings, this, he had no children by her :) his sons, and his sons' wives, (Job 37. 11,) that is, soon spent and exhausted ; but still the that by them not only his family, but the world of mankind, clouds returned after the rain, and the divine power brought in might be built up. Observe, Though men were to be reduced fresh recruits. It rained, without intermission or abatement, lo so small a number, and it would be very desirable to have forty days and forty nights, (v. 12.) and that, upon the whole the world speedily repeopled, yet Noah's sons were to have earth at once, not, as sometimes, upon one city, and not upon each of them but one wife, which strengthens the arguments another. God made the world in six days, but he was forty against having many wives; for from the beginning of this days in destroying it; for he is slow to anger: but though the new world it was not so: as, at first, God made, so now he destruction came slowly and gradually, yet it came effertually, kept alive, but one woman for one man ; see Matt. 19. 4, 8. Now learn from this, (1.) That all the creatures are at God's

3. The brute-creatures readily went in with him : the same disposal, and that he makes what use he pleases of them, hand that at first brought theın to Adam to be named, now whether for correction, or for his land, or for merry, as Elihu brought them to Noah to be preserved; the ox now knew his speaks of the rain, Job 37. 12, 13. (2.) That God often makes owner, and the ass his protecior's crib, nay, even the wildest that which should be for our welfare, to become a trap, Ps. 69. creatures tlocked to it, but man was become more brutish 22. That which usually is a comfort and benefit to us, than the brutes themselves, and did not know, did not consider, becomes, when God pleases, a scourge and a piague to us. Ls. 1. 3.

Nothing is more needful or useful than waters, both the springs V.11, 12. 1. The date of this great event; this is carefully of the earth, and the showers of heaven; and yet now, nothing recorded, for the great certainty of the story.

is more hurtful, nothing more destructive: every creature is 1. It was in the 600th year of Noah's life, which, by com- to be what God makes it. (3.) That it is impossible to escape putation, appears to be 1656 years from the creation. The the righteous judgments of God, when they come against sinyears of the old world are reckoned, not by the reigns of the ners with commission; for God can arm both heaven and earth giants, but by the lives of the patriarchs ; saints are of more against them ; see Job 20. 27. God can surround men with acrtaint with God than princes: The righteous shall be had in the messengers of his wrath, so that if they look upward, it is Everlasting remembrance. Noah was now a very old man, even with horror and amazement; if they look to the earth, behold, as mes years went then. Note, (1.) The longer we live in trouble and darkness, Is. 8. 21, 22. Who then is able to stand this works, the more we sec of the miseries and calamities of before God, when he is angry? (Lastly,) In this destruction it; it is therefore spoken of as the privilege of those that die of th old world by water, God gave a specimen of the final young, that their eyes shall not see the evil which is coming, 2 destruction of the world that now is, by fire; we find the Kings 22. 20. (2.) Sometimes God exercises his old servants apostles setting the one of these over against the other, 2 Pet. with extraordinary trials of obedient patience. The oldest 3. 6,7. As there are waters under the carth, so Ætna, Vesuof Christ's soldiers must not promise themselves a discharge vius, and other volcanoes, proclaim to the world that there are from their warfare, till death discharge them. Still they must subterraneous fires too; and fire often falls from heaven, many gird on their harness, and not boast as though they had put it desolations are made by lightning ; so that when the time preoff. As the year of the deluge is recorded, so,

determined comes, between these two fires the earth and all 2. We are told that it was in the second month, the scuen- the works therein shall be burnt up; as the flood was brought teenth day of the month, which is reckoned to be about the upon the old world out of the fountains of the great deop, and beginning of November, so that Noah had had a harvest just through the windows of heaven. before, from wbich to victual his ark.

V. 13-16. Here is repeated what was related before of

d , 6, 18.

Jer. 3. 23. Job 22.15-17.

overcome.

12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the and forty nights.

lace of the waters. 13 In the self-same day entered Noah, and Shem, 19 And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and the earth; and all the high hills, that were under Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with the whole heaven, were covered. them, "into the ark;

20 Fitteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; 14 They, and every beast after his kind, and all and the mountains were covered. the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing 21 And all tlesh died that moved upon the earth, that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and both of towl, and of cattle, and of beasi, and of every every fowl after his kind, every bird of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and *sort.

every man. 15 And they went in unto Noah into the ark, 22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of of all that was in the dry land, died. life.

23 And every living substance was destroyed 16 And they that went in, went in male and which was upon the face of the ground, both man, female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of and the LORD shut him in.

the heaven; and they were destroyed from the 17 And the flood was forty days upon the earth ; earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and that were with him in the ark. it was lift up above the earth.

24 And -the waters prevailed upon the earth an 18 And the waters prevailed, and were increased hundred and fifty days. • wing. e Deut. 33. 27. Ps. 15. 2. 91. 9. Prov. 3.23. f Job 12. 15.

the breath of the spirit of life. i Ez. 14. 14, Ps. 104. 6. 2 Pet. 3. 6.

». Mal. 3. 17, 18. j'c. 8. 3. Noah's entrance into the ark, with his family and the creatures would soon abate, and never come to extremity ; but still it that were marked for preservation.

increased, it prevailed. Note, (1.) When God judges, he will I. It is thus repeated, for the honour of Noah, whose faith

If he begin, he will make an end; his way is perand obedience herein shone so bright, by which he obtained a fect both in judgment and mercy. (2.) The gradual approaches good report, and who herein appeared so great a favourite of and advances of God's judgments, which are designed to bring Heaven, and so great a blessing to this earth.

sinners to repentance, are often abused to the hardening of II. Norice is here taken of the beasts going in each after his them in their presumption. kind, according to the phrase used in the history of the cre 2. To whai degree they increased; they rose so high, that ation, ch. I. 21-25, to intiinate that just as many kinds as not only the low flat countries were deluged, but, to make sure were created at first, were saved now, and no more ; and that work, and that none might escape, the tops of the highest mounthis preservation was as a new creation ; a life remarkably pro- tains were overflowed fifteen cubits, that is, seven yards and a tected is, as it were, a new life,

half. So that in rain was salvation hoped for

hills or III. Though all enmities and hostilities between the crea- mountains, Jer. 3. 23. None of God's creatures are so high, tures ceased, for the present, and ravenous creatures were not but his power can overtop them; and he will make them know only so mild and manageable, as that the wolf and the lamb lay that wherein they deal proudly, he is above them. Perhaps the doiou Ingether, but so strangely altered, as that the lion did eat tops of the mountains were washed down by the strength of the strau like an or, Is. 11, 6, 7, yet, when this present occasion waters, which helped much toward the prevailing of the waters was over, the restraint was taken off, and they were still of the above them; for it is said, Job 12. 15, He sends out the waters, same kind as ever; for the ark did not alter their constitution. and they not only overflow, but overturn, the earth. Thus the Hypocrites in the church, that externally conform to the laws refuge of lies was swept away, and the waters overflowed the of that ark, may yet be unchanged; and then it will appear, hiding-place of those sinners, (Is. 28. 17;) and in vain they fly one time or other, what kind they are after.

to them for safety, Rev. 6. 16. Now the mountains departed, IV. It is added, (and the circumstance deserves our notice,) and the hills were removed, and nothing stood a man in stead The Lord shut him in, v. 16. As Noah continued his obe- but the covenant of peace, Is. 54. 10. There is no place on dience to God, so God continued his care of Noah; and here earth so high as to set men out of the reach of God's judgments, it appeared to be a very distinguishing care ; for the shutting Jer. 49. 16. Ob. 3. 4. God's hand will find out all his eneof his door set up a partition wall between him and all the mies, Ps. 21. 8. Observe how exactly they are fathomed, world besides. God shut the door, 1. To secure him, and (fifteen cubits,) not by Noah's plummet, but by his knowledge keep him safe in the ark. The door must be shut very close, who weigheth the waters by measure, Job 28. 25. lest the waters should break in, and sink the ark, and very fast, 3. What became of Noah's ark, when the waters thus inlest any without should break it down. Thus God made up creased; it was lift up above the earth, (v. 17,) and went upon Noah, as he makes up his jewels, Mal. 3. 17. 2. To seclude the face of the waters, v. 18. When all other buildings were all others, and keep them for ever out. Hitherto, the door of demolished by the waters, and buried under them, the ark the ark stood open, and if any, even during the last seven days, alone subsisted. Observe, (1.) The waters which brake had repented and believed, for aught I know, they might have down everything else, bare up the ark. That which to been welcomed into the ark; but now, the door was shut, and unbelievers is a savour of death unto death, is to the faithful a they were cut off from all hopes of admittance : for God shut savour of life unto life. (2.) The more the waters increased, teth, and none can open.

the higher the ark was lifted up toward heaven. Thus sanctiV. There is much of our Gospel-duty and privilege to be fied atflictions are spiritual promotions; and as troubles abound, seen in Noah's preservation in the ark, The apostle makes it consolations much more abound. a type of our baptism, that is, our Christianity, 1 Pet. 3. 20, 21. V. 21--24. Here is, Observe then, I. It is our great duty, in obedience to the Gos 1. The general destruction of all flesh by the waters of the pel-call, by a lively faith in Christ, to come into that way of food. Come and see the desolations which God makes in the salvation which God has provided for poor sinners. When earth, Ps. 46. 8, and how he lays heaps upon heaps, Never Noah came into the ark, he quitted his own house and lands ; did death triumph, from its first entrance unto this day, as it so must we quit our own righteousness and our worldly possos- did then. Coine, and see Death upon his pale horse, and hell sions, whenever they come into competition with Christ. following with him, Rev. 6. 7, 8. Noah must, for a while, submit to the confinements and incon 1. All the cattle, fowl, and creeping things, died, except the veniences of the ark, in order to his preservation for a new few that were in the ark. Observe how this is repeated, Au world; so those that come into Christ to be saved by him, must flesh died, v.21. All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of deny themselves, both in sufferings and services. 2. Those all that was on the dry land, v. 22. Every living substance, v. that come into the ark themselves, should bring as many as 23. And why so ? Man only had done wickedly, and justly they can in with them, by good instructions, by persuasions, and is God's hand against him ; but these sheep, what have they done? by a good example: What knowest thou, o man, but thou 1 answer, (1.) We are sure God did them no wrong; he is the mayest thus save thy wife, (1 Cor. 7. 16,) as Noah did his. sovereign Lord of all life, for he is the sole Fountain and There is room enough in Christ for all comers. 3. Those that Author of it. He that made them as he pleased, might unmake by faith come into Christ, the Ark, shall by the power of God them when he pleased; and who shall say unto hiin, What doest be shut in, and kept as in a strong hold by the power of God, thou? May he not do what he will with his own, which were 1 Pet. 1. 5. God put Adam into paradise, but he did not shut created for his pleasure? (2.) God did admirably serve the him in, and so he threw himself out; but when he put Noah purposes of his own glory by their destruction, as well as by into the ark, he shut him in, and so, when he brings a soul to iheir creation. Herein his holiness and justice were greatly Christ, he insures the salvation : it is not in our own keeping, magnified; by this it appears that he hates sin, and is highly disbut in the Mediator's hand. 4. The door of mercy will shortly pleased with sinners, when even the inferior creatures, because be shut against those that now make light of it. Now, knock, they are the servants of man, and part of his possession, and and it shall be opened; but the time will come, when it shall because they have been abused to be the servants of sin, are not, Luke 13. 25.

destroyed with him. This makes the judgment the more V. 17-20. We are here told,

remarkable, the more dreadful, and consequently, the more

The destruction 1. How long the food was increasing; forty days, v. 17. expressive of God's wrath and vengeance. The profane world which believed not that it would come, pro- of the creatures was their deliverance from the bondage of corbably, when it came, flattered themselves with hopes that it ruption, which deliverance the whole creation now groans after,

A

CHAPTER VIII.

till almost two months after, v. 14. II. Man placed enew upon the earth. In which, 1. Noah's discharge and departure out of the ark, v. 15–19. 2. iliskie

critice of praise, which he otterel l God upon his enlargement, v, 20. 3. God's I. the close of the foregoing chapter, we left the world in ruins, and the church in acceptance of his sacrifice, and the promise he made, thereup-a, mut to drown the snails; totul in this chapter, we have the repair of the one, and the enlargement

world again, v. 21, 22. And thus, at length, inercy rejvices against judgment. of u ulher. Ne the scene allers, and an her face of things begins to be prekolei w us, anzi che righer side of that clout which there appeared so black ND God remembered Noah, and every living and dark bor tagh God cout nd loug, he will not conlend for ever, por be always

We have mere, I. The earth made anew, by the recess of the water, and the appearing of the dry laud, now a becond time, and both gradual. the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the 5.3. 3. after nixteca dayal etting, the ark rests, v. 1. 1. Alter sixty days earth; and the waters assuaged; ebcing, the top the n-untains appeared above water, v. 5. 5. After forty

2 The fountains (also of the deep, and the windays5110, twenty days before the mountains appeared, Noah began to send * septes, a ravea ud a.dove, to gain intelligence, v.0-12. 6. Two dows of heaven, were stopped; and the rain from zable after the appearing of the top of the mountains the water we were there mate heaven was restrained; a ed , 13, not dried so to be fit for man a c. 19. 29. Ex. 2. 2, Ps. 106. 4.

b Pa. 35,6. Ex. 14. 21. d Prov. 8.». e Job 38. 37. Matt. 8. 27. Rom. 8. 21, 22. It was likewise an instance of God's wisdom. the descending rain, the increasing flood, and the shrieks and As the creatures were made for man when he was made, so they outeries of his perishing neighbours-his heart overwhelmed were multiplied for him when he was multiplied: and therefore, with melancholy thoughts of the desolations made: but he now that mankind was reduced to so small a number, it was fit comforts himself with this, that he is in the way of duty, and in that the beasts should proportionably be reduced, otherwise the way of deliverance. And we are taught, Jer. 45. 4, 5, that they would have had the dominion, and would have replenished when desolating judgments are abroad, we must not seek great the earth, and the remnant of inankind that was left would have or pleasant things to ourselves, but reckon it an unspeakable been overpowered by them. See how God considered this in favour if we have our lives given us for a prey. another case, Ex. 23. 29: Lest the beast of the field multiply

NOTES TO CHAPTER VIII. ag ant thee.

2. All the men, women, and children, that were in the world, V.1-3. Here is, (except what were in the ark,) died. Every man, v. 21 and I. An act of God's grace. God remembered Noah and every v. 23, and perhaps they were as many as are now upon the face living thing. This is an expression after the manner of men; of the earth, if not more. Now,

for not any of his creatures, Luke 12, 6, much less any of his (1.) We may easily imagine what terror and consternation people, are forgotten of God, Is. 49. 15, 16. But, seized on them when they saw themselves surrounded. Our 1. The whole race of mankind, except Noah and his family, Saviour tells us, that till the very day that the Hood came, they was now extinguished, and gone into the land of forgettiness, were eating and drinking, Luke 17. 26, 27, they were drowned to be remembered no more ; so that God's remembering Noah in security and sensuality, before they were drowned in those was the return of his mercy to mankind, of whom he would not waters; crying, Peace, peace, to themselves; deaf and blind to make a full end.

It is a strange expression, Ez. 5, 13, all divine warnings.

In this posture death surprised them, as When I have accomplished my fury in them, I will be comforted. 1 Sam. 30. 16, 17. But O what an amazement were they in The demands of divine justice had been answered by the ruin then! Now they see and feel that which they would not believe of those sinners; he had eased him of his adversaries, Is. 1. and fear, and are convinced of their folly when it is too late ; 24, and now his spirit was quieted, Zech. 6. 8, and he rememnow they find no place for repentance, though they seek it bered Noah and every living thing. He remembered mercy in carefully with tears.

wrath, Hab. 3. 2, remembered the days of old, Is. 63. 11, ro(2.) We may suppose that they tried all ways and means membered the holy seed, and then remembered Noah. possible for their preservation, but all in vain. Somne clinb to 2. Noah himself, though one that had found grace in the the tops of trees or mountains, and spin out their terrors there eyes of the Lord, yet seemed to be forgotten in the ark, and awhile. But the food reaches them, at last, and they are perhaps began to think himself so; for we do not find that God forced to die with the more deliberation. Some, it is likely, had told him how long he should be confined, and when he shall cling to the ark, and now hope that that may be their safety, be released. Very good men have sometimes been ready to which they had so long made their sport. Perhaps some get to conclude themselves forgotten of God, especially when their the top of the ark, and hope to shift for themselves there; but afflictions have been unusually grievous and long. Perhaps either they perish there for want of food, or, by a speedier Noah, though a great believer, yet when he found the Hood despatch, a dash of rain washes them off that deck. Others, continuing so long after it might reasonably be presumed to it may be, hoped to prevail with Noah for admission into the have done its work, was tempted to fear lest he that shut him ark, and pleaded old acquaintance, Have we not eaten and in, would keep him in, and began to expostulate, How long wilt drunk in thy presence? Hast thou not taught in our streets thou forget me? But at length, God returned in mercy to him, “Yes," might Noah say, “ I have, many a time, to little and ihat is expressed by remembering him. Note, Those that purpose.

I called, but ye resed; ye set naught all my remember God, shall certainly be rememb by him, how counsel, Prov. I. 24, 25, and now it is not in my power to help desolate and disconsolate soever their condition may be. He you: God has shut the door, and I cannot open it." Thus it will appoint them a sel time, and remember them, Job 14. 13. will be at the great day. Neither climbing high in an outward 3. With Noah, God remembered every living thing; for profession, nor claiming relation to good people, will bring men though his delight is especially in the sons of men, yet be to beaven, Matt. 7. 22.-25.8, 9. Those that are not found in rejoices in all his works, and hates nothing that he has made. Christ, the Ark, are certainly undone, undone for ever; salva- He takes special care not only of his people's persons, but of tion itself, cannot save them. See Is. 10. 3.

their possessions ; of them and all that belongs to them. He (3.), We may suppose that some of those who perished in considered the cattle of Nineveh, Jon. 4.11. the deluge, had themselves assisted Noah, or were employed II. An act of God's power over wind and water, neither of by him, in the building of the ark, and yet were not so wise as which is under man's control, but both at his beck. 'Observe, by repentance to secure themselves a place in it. Thus wicked 1. He commanded the wind, and said to that, Go, and it minisiers, though they may have been instrumental to help went, in order to the carrying off of the flood. God made a others to heaven, will themselves be thrust down to hell. wind to pass over the earth. See here, (1.) What was God's

Let us now pause awhile, and consider this tremendous remembrance of Noah; it was his relieving of him. Note, judgment! Let our hearts meditate terror, the terror of this Those whom God remembers, he remembers effectually for destruction: let us see, and say, It is a fearful thing to fall into good; he remembers us to save us, that we may remember him the hands of the living God; who can stand before him when he to serve him. (2.) What a sovereign dominion God has over

Let us see, and say, It is an evil thing, and a bitter, the winds! He has them in his fist, Prov. 30. 4, and brings to depart from God. The sin of sinners will, without repent-them out of his treasure, Ps. 135. 7. He sends them when, ance, be their ruin, first or last: if God be true it will. Though and whither, and for what purposes he pleases. Even stormy hand join in hand, yet the wicked shall not go unpunished.winds fulfil his word, Ps. 148. 8. It should secm, while the The righteous God knows how to bring a food upon the world waters increased, there was no wind; for that would have of the ungodly, 2 Pet. 2. 5. Eliphaz appeals to this story as added to the toss of the ark; but now God sent a wind, when a standing warning to a careless world, Job 22. 15, 16, Hast it would not be troublesome. Probably, it was a norih wind, iton marked the old way, which wicked men have trodden, which for that drives away rain. However, it was a drying wind, were cut down out of time, and sent into eternity, whose founda- such a wind as God sent to divide the Red Sea before Israel, tiga 1023 Overflown with the flood ?

Ex. 14. 21. Il. The special preservation of Noah and his family, v. 23, 2. He remanded the waters, and said to them, Come, and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark. they came. (1.) He took away the cause. He sealed up the Obatre. 1. Noah lives ; when all about him were monuments springs of those waters, the fountains of the great deep, and the of justice, thrands falling on his right hand, and ten thousands windows of heaven. Note, [1.) As God had a key to open, so on his left, he was a monument of mercy; only with his eyes he has a key to shut up again, and to stay the progress of might he behotn ard as the reward of the wicked, Ps. 91.7, 8. judgments by stopping the causes of them: and the same hand Is the floods of great waters, they did not come nigh him, Ps. that brings the desolation, must bring the deliverance; to that 3?. 6.

We have reason to think, that while the longsutfering hand therefore our eye must ever be. He that wounds is alone of God waited, Noah not only preached to, but prayed for, able to heal. See Job 12. 14, 15. [2.] When afflictions have that wicked world, and would have turned away the wrath ; but done the work for which they are sent, whether killing work or his prayers return into his own bosom, and are answered only curing work, they shall be removed. God's word shall not in his own escape; which is plainly referred to, Ez. 14. 14, return void, Is. 55. 10, 11. (2.) Then the effect ceased: not Noah, Danid, and Job shall be deliver their oun souls. A all at once, but by degrees.' 'The waters assuaged, v. 1; remark of honour shall be set on intercessors. 2. He but lives. turned from off the carth continuully, v. 3, Heb. they were going Noah remains alive, and that is all; he is, in effect, buried and returnines which denotes a gradual departure. The heat alive ; cooped up in a small place, alarmed with the terrors of of the sun exhaled much, and perhaps the subterraneous caverns

& c. 6. 16.

3 And the waters returned from off the earth* | 11 And the dove came into him in the evening; continually: and after the end of the hundred and and, lo, in her mouth was an olive-leat, pluckt ott! fifty days the waters were abated.

So Noah knew that the waters were abated from 4 And the ark rested in the seventh month, on oil the earth. the seventeenth day of the month, upon the moun 12 And he stayed yet other seven days, and sent tains of Ararat.

forth the dove, which returned not again unto him 5 And the waters decreased continually until the any more. tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day 13 And it came to pass, in the six hundredth and of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen. first year, in the first month, the first day of the

6 And it came to pass, at the end of forty days, month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: that Noah opened the window of the ark which he and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and had made:

looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry. 7 And he sent forth a raven, which went forth 14 And in the second month, on the seven and to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off' twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried. the earth.

15 And God spake unto Noah, saying, 8 Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if 16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and the waters were abated from off the face of the thy sons, and thy sons' wives with thee. ground:

17 Bring forth with thee every living thing that 9 But the dove found no rest for the sole of her is with thee, of all Hesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, foot, and she returned unto him into the ark; for and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the the waters were on the face of he whole earth. earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, Then he put forth his hand, and took her, and and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth. Spulled her in unto him into the ark.

18 And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his 10 And he stayed yet other seven days, and again wife, and his sons' wives with him: he sent forth the dove out of the ark:

19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and every • in going and relurning. Jer. 51.27. † were in going and decreasing.

1 in going forth and returning. $ caused her to come. A c. 1. N. soaked in more. Note, As the earth was not drowned in a time seven days after the first time, and the third time was day, so it was not dried in a day. In the creation, it was but after seven days too; and, probably, the first sending of her out one day's work to clear the earth from the waters that covered was seven days after the sending forth of the raven, which intiit, and to make it dry land; nay, it was but half a day's work, mates that it was done on the sabbath-day, which, it should ch. 1. 9, 10. But the work of creation being finished, this seem, Noah religiously observed in the ark. Having kept the work of providence was effected by the concurring intluence of sabbath in a solemn assembly of his little church, he then exsecond causes, yet thus enforced by the almighty power of God. pected special blessings from heaven, and inquired concerning God usually works deliverance for his people gradually, that ihom. Having directed his prayer, he looked up, Ps. 5. 3. (2.) the day of small things may not be despised, nor the day of The dove is an emblem of a gracious soul, which finding no great things despaired of, Zech, 4. 10. See Prov. 4. 18. rest for its foot, no solid peace or satisfaction in this world, thuis

V. 4, 5. Here we have the effects and evidences of the deluged, defiling world, returns to Christ as to its Ark, as to its
ebbings of the waters. 1. The ark rested. This was some Noah. The carnal heart, like the raven, takes up with the
satisfaction to Noah, to feel the house he was in, upon firm world, and feeds on the carrions it finds there ; but return thou
ground, and no longer moveable. It rested upon a mountain, to thy rest, O my soul, to thy Noah, so the word is, Ps. 116. 7.
whither it was directed, not by Noah's prudence, (he did not O that I had wings like a dove, to flee to himn! Ps. 55, 6. And
steer it,) but by the wise and gracious providence of God, that as Noah put forth his hand, and took the dove, and pulled her
it might rest the sooner. Note, God has times and places of in to bim, into the ark, so Christ will graciously preserve, and
rest for his people after their tossings; and many a time he help, and welcome, those that fly to him for rest. (3.) The
provides for their seasonable and comfortable settlement without olive-branch, which was an emblem of peace, was brought not
their own contrivance, and quite beyond their own foresight. by the raven, a bird of prey, nor by a gay and proud peacock,
The ark of the church, though sometimes tossed with tempests, but by a mild, patieni, humble dove. It is a dove-like dispo-
and not confortod, Is. 54. 11, yot has its rests, Acts 9.31. sition that brings into the soul earnests of rest and joy. (4.)
2. The tops of the mountains were seen, like little islands, Some make these things an allegory. The law was first sent
appearing above the water. We must suppose that they were forth like the raven, but brought no ūdings of the assuaging of
seen by Noah and his sons; for there were none besides to see the waters of God's wrath, with which the world of mankind
them : it is probable that they had looked through the window was deluged; therefore, in the fulness of time, God sent forth
of the ark every day, like the longing mariners after a tedious his Gospel, as the dove, in the likeness of which the Holy Spirit
voyage, to see if they could discover land, or as the prophet's descended, and this presents us with an olive-branch, and
servant, 1 Kings 18. 43, 44, and at lengih they spy ground, and brings in a better hope.
enter the day of the discovery in their journal. They felt V. 13, 14, Here is, 1. The ground dry, (v. 14,) that is, all
ground above forty days before they saw it, according to Dr. the water carried off it, which, upon the first day of the first
Lightfoot's computation, whence he infers that if the waters de- month, (a joyful new-year’s-day it was,) Noah was himself an
creased proportionably, the ark drew eleven cubits in water. eyewitness of. He removed the covering of the ark, not the

V. 6-12. We have here an account of the spies which whole covering, but so much as would suffice to give bim a
Noah sent forth to bring him intelligence from abroad, a raven prospect of the earth about it ; and a most comfortable prospect
and a dove. Observe here,

he had. For behold, behold and wonder, the face of the ground I. That though God had told Noah particularly when the wus dry. Note, (1.) It is a great mercy to see ground about flood would come, even to a day, (ch. 7.4,) yet he did not give Noah was more sensible of it than we are : for mercies him a particular account by revelation at what times, and by restored aru much more affecting than mercies continued. (2.) what steps, it should go away. 1. Because the knowledge of The divine power which now renewed the face of the earth, the former was necessary to his preparing of the ark, and set can renew the face of an afflicted troubled soul, and of a distling of himself in it; but the knowledge of the latter would tressed persecuted church. He can make dry ground to appear serve only to gratify his curiosity, and the concealing of it from there where it seemed to have been lost and forgotten, Ps. 18.16. him would be the needful exercise of his faith and patience, 2. The ground dried, (1. 14,) so as to be a fit habitation for And, 2. He could not foresee the flood, but by revelation ; but Noah. Observe, Though Noah saw the ground dry the first he might, by ordinary means, discover the decrease of it, and day of the first month, yet God would not suffer him to go out therefore God was pleased to leave him to the use of them. of the ark till the twenty-seventh day of the second month.

II. That though Noah by faith expected his enlargement, Perhaps Noah, being somewhat weary of his restraint, would
and by patience waited for it, yet he was inquisitive concerning have quitted the ark at first, but God, in kindness to him, or-
it, as one that thought it long to be thus confined. Note, De- dered him to stay so much longer. Note, God consults our
sires of release out of trouble, earnest expectations of it, and benefit, rather than our desires ; for he knows what is good for
inquiries concerning its advances towards us, will very well us better than we do for ourselves, and how long it is fit our re-
consist with the sincerity of faith and patience. He that he- straints should continue, and desired mercies should be delayed.
lieves does not make haste to run hefore God, but he does make We would go out of the ark before the ground is dried ; and
haste to go forth to meet him, Is. 28. 16. Particularly, 1. Noah perhaps, if the door be shut, are ready to remove the covering,
sent forth a raven through the window of the ark, which went and to climb up some other way ; but we should be satisfied
forth, as the Hebrew phrase is, going forth and returning, that that God's time of showing mercy is certainly the best time,
is flying about, and feeding on the carcasses that floated, but re- when the mercy is ripe for us, and we are ready for it.
turning to the ark for rest; probably, not in it, but upon it. V. 15--19. Here is,
This gave Noah little satisfaction; therefore, 2. He sent forth I. Noah's dismission out of the ark, v. 15–17. Observe,
a dove, which returned the first time with no good news, but, 1. Noah did not stir till God bid him.

As he had a comprobably, wet and dirty ; but, the second time, she brought an mand to go into the ark, (ch. 7. 1,) so, how tedious soever olive-leaf in her bill, which appeared to be first plucked off'; his confinement there was, he would wait for a coma plain indication that now the trees, the fruit-trees, began to mand to go out of it again. Note, We must in all our ways appear above water.

acknowledge God, and set him before us in all our removes. Note here, (1.) That Noah sent forth the dove the second Those only go under God's protection, that follow God's

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