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WILD FLOWERS

OP

THE

YEAR.

" INSTRUCT US, LORD,
Tiou FATHER OF THE SUNBEAM AND THE SOUL
E'EN BY THE SIMPLE SERMON OF A FLOWER
TO LIVE TO THEE."

LONDON:

THE RELIGIOUS TRACT SOCIETY,

Instituted 1799.

1846.

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PREFACE.

In giving some account of the Wild Flowers of each month, the author has selected those which are most common, and most likely to be known by name to the general reader. Το have enumerated each flower of each month, would have occupied so much space, as to render these few pages no more than a floral dictionary. The writer would regard the work as a little guide-book to the fields, and lanes, and woods; designed to direct the attention of the lover of country walks, to the lowly flowers, which he may be most likely to find in his path.

"For not to dwell at large, on things remote
From use, obscuse and subtle; but to know
That which before us lics, in common life,
Is the chief wisdom."

The scientific name of each flower is added, in order to assist any who may wish to study

Botany. The author however, is not one of those

“Who allium call their onions and their leeks,"

and would rather recommend to the unscientific their simple English names. Many of these are connected with old times and old customs; or convey some idea of the uses of the plants to which they belong. Our pretty English May, or Hawthorn, gains nothing by its Botanic name of Crategus oxyacantha; nor can the expressive Day's-eye, bring to us a pleasanter idea, even by its Latin name of Bellis perennis.

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JANUARY
Flowors in garden-Primrose-Daisy Winter Furze- Early
Grass—Chickweed-Holly-Mistletoe-Old customs

Page 15

FEBRUARY.

Early leafing trees-Young foliage of herbs-Snowdrop-Red

Dead-nettle--Dandelion-Dandelion Seeds--Groundse) - Ca-

nadian Flea-bane-Coltsfoot- Marsh Marigold – First flower

of Sweden

21

MARCH.

March weather-Almond tree-Lombardy Poplar - Ash-Me-

zereon-Poisonous berries—Use of plants in France-Spurge

Laurel - Celandine – Whitlow grass - Shepherd's Purse--

Gloryless-Flowers of woods-Violet-Anemone-- Daffodil -

Poet's Narcissus-Narcissus in Holland - Arum-Cranesbill-

Palm Willow-Hazel-Alder

27

APRIL.

Blackthorn - Germander Speedwell - Ivy-leaved Speedwell--

Wall Speedwell-Gray-field Speedwell, Common Speedwell-

Lamb's Lettuce-Salad_herbs-Ground Ivy-Fumitory-Ro-

bert-leaved Cranesbill- Beauty of meadows-Meadow Clover-

Dutch Clover -Shamrock--Valley of Sharon-Yellow Trefoil

-Hop Trefoil-Starry-headed Trefoil - Hare's-foot Trefoil -

Strawberry-headed Trefoil-Cowslip-Oxlip --Love of Nightin-

gale for Cowslip--Cuckoo flower-Autumnal Gentian-Field

Gentian-Heartsease--Scorpion Grass-Butter-bur--llyacinth

-Oriental Hyacinth--Starch Hyacinth--Squill-Green Hel-

lebore - - Stinking Hellebore - Guelder Rose-Box- Pasque

Flower-Wood Sorrel-Yellow wood Sorrel-Field Dock Sorrel

-Sheep's Sorrel-Sweet Wallflower-White Bryony-Sea-side

Pea-Former times of famine

39

MAY.

Spring woodlands-Tway blade-Brown-winged Orchis-Man

Orchis–Bee Orchis-Fly Orchis-Butterfly Orchis-Ladies'

Tresses-Strawberry Fiower-Hautboy Strawberry-Lily of the

Valley --Solomon's Seal--Sweet Woodruff-Herb Paris --Bugle

-Spindle Tree-Dogwood - Black Currant - Red Currant-

Saintfoin-Moving Plant – Theory of sensation in vegetables

- Knot Grass - Foxtail Grass-- Reed meadow Grass- Butter-

rup-Hawthorn--Old Superstitions--Furze -- Clematis - Bil-

herry --Whortleberry - Stitch wort - Periwinkle --Toadflax -

Wall Pellitory - Small Bugloss — Dyer's Bugloss-Borage-

Comfrey--Lung-wort-Rest Harrow-- CommonJuniper-Bitter

Vetch-Cormeille-Vetches-Red Pottage-Lady's Finger

Hedge Mustard - Field Mustard - London Rocket- Peony-

Iris - Lychnis - Golden Saxifrage – Rue-leaved Saxifrage-

Meadow Saxifrage-London Pride-Dutch Myrtle

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