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the ancient Jewish church understood the history of the fall, or what consequences they ascribed to it?

When we find the wicked and the enemies of God represented under the image of a serpent, Isa. xiv. 29. xxvii. 1. Micah vii. 17. of Leviathan the crooked serpent; of a dragon, Isa. xxvii. 1.---when we hear the wretchedness of the idolater described by the prophet in the following terms, he feedeth of ashes: a deceived heart bath turned him aside that he cannot deliver his soul:' Isa. xliv. 20.-and when we hear David singing the triumphs of his son, to whom the everlasting kingdom was promised, in such strains as these, his name shall endure for ever : his name shall be continued as long as the sun : and men shall be blessed in him; all nations shall call him blessed :' Psalm lxxii. 17. ·His enemies shall lick the dust :' ver. 9. He shall tread on the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shall he trample under feet :' Psalm xci. 13. . He shall bruise his enemies with a rod of iron :' Psalm ii. 9. --when we hear likewise the prophet describing the kingdom which he foretold, in like figures, and representing the state of the wicked under that kingdom in these very words, ' and dust shall be the serpent's meat,' Isa. Ixv. 25.--can we give any tolerable account of these things, but by supposing David to understand that the Son promised to him, in whose time righteousness and truth were to be established, was the very seed of the woman who should bruise the serpent's head? Could the prophets understand their prediction to belong to any other, when the triumph of his reign was to be a victory over the serpent, 'whose food should then be dust? Of the same person David and the prophets foretel that he should rule over all nations, that men should be blessed in bim, that all nations should call him blessed ;' which is the distinguishing character of the blessed seed promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. From all which it is evident that the seed of the woman, who should bruise the serpent's head; the seed promised to Abraham, in whom all the nations of the earth should be blessed; the Son promised to David to sit on his throne for ever; and the king who should rule out of Sion, foretold by the prophets, is ONE and the SAME person : that the purpose of God in giving the word of prophecy was the same in every

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age: that Christ has, under different degrees of light, been set forth from the beginning as the hope of the world : that he it was whose day the faithful in every age desired to see: he it was, who preserved the first formed father of the world, that was created alone, and brought him out of his fall: Wisdom x. 1.

He it is who shall reign till • all enemies are put under his feet, till death and hell are cast into the lake of fire :' Rev. xx. 14.


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The following additional Dissertation was drawn up some years since, and was intended as an examination of the objections made to the history of the fall by the author of the literal Scheme of Prophecy. That author has been dead some years, and I have now nothing to say to him ; and have therefore considered the objections not as his, but as common to all who call in question or are offended with the history of the fall as it stands recorded by Moses.

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