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namely, Judas, furnamed Barsabas, and Silas, chief 23 men ainong the brethren. And wrote letters by them

after this manner; The apostles, and elders, and brethren send greeting unto the brethren which are

of the Gentiles in Antioch, and Syria, and Cilicia. 24. Foralmuch as we have heard, that certain which

went out from us have troubled you with words, fubverting your souls (k), saying, Ye must be circum

cised, and keep the law; to whom we gave no such 25 commandment: It feened good unto us, being af

fembled with one accord, to send chofen: men unto 26 you, with our beloved Barnabas and Paul, Men

that have hazarded their lives, for the name of our 27 Lord Jesus Christ. We have sent therefore Judas

and Silas, who shall also tell you the same things by 28 mouth. For it seemed good to the holy Ghost (1),

and to us, to lay upon you no greater burthen than 29 these neceffary things; That ye abstain from meats

offered to idols, and from blood, and from things

strangled, and from fornication : from which if ye 30 keep yourselves ye shall do well. Fare ye well. So

when they were dismissed, they came to Antioch :

and when they had gathered the multitude together, 31 they delivered the epistle. Which when they had 32 read, they rejoiced for the confolation (m). And Ju

das and Silas being prophets (n) alto themselves, exhorted the brethren with many words, and confirmed

(k) Disturbing and unsettling your minds.

(2) It seemed good to the holy Ghost, to exempt them from the yoke of the ceremonial law, by descending on them equally as on circumcised Jews, Verse 8. And therefore it seemed good to us also, who are bourd to govern ourselves in all things by the direétions of the blessed Spirit.

(m) For the comfort ihey had in knowing that they were delivered from the necessity of circumcision, and the other ceremonies of the law.

(n) The word Prophet is not only used for one who foretold things to come, but for a teacher, who by the immediate assistance of the holy Ghost, instructed men in the way of salvation.

33 them.

were let


33 them. And after they had tarried there a space, they


from the brethren unto the 34 apostles. Notwithstanding it pleased Silas to abide 35 there still. Paul also and Barnabas continued in An

tioch, teaching and preaching the word of the Lord, with many others also.

And some days after, Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our brethren, in every city,

where we have preached the word of the Lord, and 37 fee how they do. And Barnabas determined to take 38 with them John, whose surname was Mark (0). But

Paul thought not good to take him with them, who

departed from them from Pamphylia, and went noc 39 with them to the work. And the contention was fo

sharp between them (P), that they departed asunder one

from the other: and fo Barnabas took Mark, and 40 failed unto Cyprus; And Paul chose Silas, and de

parted, being recommended by the brethren unto the 41 grace of God. And he went through Syria and Ci

licia, confirming the churches.

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'HEN came he to Derbe and Lystra: and be

hold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewels, 2 and believed (a); but his father was a Greek: Which

was well reported of by the brethren that were at 3 Lystra and Iconium. Him would Paul have to go

forth with him; and took and circumcised him, be

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(0) St. Mark the Evangelift. See Chap. xiii. 5.

10) The difference between them on this point was carried so far, that they feparated from each other. This paffage fhews us, that the best of men are not free from the warmth of sudden passion and resentment, though it is the duty of all to strive against it.

(a) His mother was a convert from Judaism ; but his father was a Gentile. $ 5


cause of the Jews which were in those quarters : for4 they knew all that his father was a Greek. And as

they went through the cities, they delivered them

the decrees for to keep, that were ordained of the 5 apostles and elders which were at Jerusalem. And fo

were the churches established in the faith, and in6 creased in number daily. Now when they had gone

throughout Phrygia, and the region of Galatia, and

were forbidden of the holy Ghost to preach the word 7 in Asia, After they were come to Mysia, they al

fayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered 8 them not. And they passing by Mysia, came down 9 to Troas. And a vision appeared to the

night: There stood a man of Macedonia, and pray

ed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and 10 help us. And after he had seen the vision, immedi

ately we (1) endeavoured to go into Macedonia, afsu

redly gathering, that the Lord had called us for to preach II the gospel unto them. Therefore loosing from Troas,

we came with a straight course to Samothracia, and 12 the next day to Neapolis ; And from thence to Phi

lippi, which is the chief city of that part of Mace

donia, and a colony (C): and we were in that city 13 abiding certain days. And on the fabbath we went

out of the city by a river-side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto

the women which resorted thither. 14 And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of

purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God (d), heard us: whose lieart the Lord opened, (b) From the change of person in the narrative it may

be collected, that the writer St. Luke had joined company with St. Paul and Silas. (c) A colony was a number of Romans settled in

any and all who were born in that town were called Romans, and were under the laws, and enjoyed the privileges, of Roman citizens. This was St. Paul's case; Tarsus, where he was born, being a colony.

(d) Who had renounced idolatry, and worshipped only the one true God. See Chap. ii, 10.

distant town,


that she attended unto the things which were spoken 15 of Paul. And when she was baptized, and her hous

hold, she befought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house and abide there. And the constrained us (e).

And it came to pass, as we went to prayer, a certain damfel, poffeffed with a spirit of divination, met

us, which brought her masters much gain by footh17 saying. The fame followed Paul and us, and cried,

saying, These men are the servants of the most high 18 God, which shew unto us the way of salvation. And

this did she many days. But Paul being grieved, turned and said to the spirit, I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her. And he

came out the same hour (f). 19

And when her masters saw that the hope of their gains was gone, they caught Paul and Silas, and

drew them into the market-place, unto the rulers, 20 And brought them to the magistrates, saying, Thele

men, being Jews, do exceedingly trouble our city, 21 And teach customs which are not lawful for us to 22 receive, neither to observe, being Romans (g) : And

the multitude rose up together against them and the

magistrates rent off their clothes (b), and commanded 23 to beat them. And when they had laid many stripes

upon them, they cast them into prison, charging the 24 jaylor to keep them fàfely. Who having received

such a charge, thrust them into the inner prison, and

made their feet fast in the stocks. 25 And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang

praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them. (e) She prevailed by kind entreaty. See Luke xiv. 23.

(f) Thus was the authority of Jesus Christ manifeiled over evil fpirits; and we should always remember, that they can have power that is not subject to the divine command.

(g) Being a colony from Rome, and as such, subject to the -laws of the Romans, verfe 12.

(h) Tore off the clothes from the backs of St. Paul and Silas, thus stripping them with violence, in order to their being scourged.

S 6

26 And

26 And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that

the foundations of the prison were shaken: and im

mediately all the doors were opened, and every one's 27 bands were loosed. And the keeper of the prison

awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the prison doors open, he drew out his sword, and would have kiled

himself, supposing that the prisoners had been fled. 28 But Paulcried with a loud voice, saying, Do thyself 29 no harm; for we are all here. Then he called for

a light, and sprang in, and came trembling, and fell 30 down before Paul and Silas; And brought them

out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved ? 31 And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and 32 thou shalt be faved, and thy house (i). And they spake

unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were 33 in his house.

And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed thein stripes; and was baptiz34 ed, he and all his, straightway. And when he had

brought them into his house, he fet meat before

them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his 35 house. And when it was day, the magiftrates fent 36 the ferjeants, saying, Let those men go. And the

keeper of the prison told this saying to Paul, The

magistrates have sent to let you go: now therefore 37 depart, and go in peace. But Paul said unto them,

They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans (I), and have cast us into prison; and now do they thrust us out privily? nay verily; but let them come themselves, and fetch us out. And the fer

jeants told these words unto the magistrates: and they 39 feared when they heard that they were Romans. And.

they came and befought them, and brought them


(i) It is necessary to observe, that belief, as a condition of falva tion, must always be underfood to include practice as well as pro feffion. See Matt. vii 21. xix. 17,

(k) It was not lawful to scourge a Roman citizen. See Chap.

xxii. 25.

40 out,

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