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a All things are full of Labour, Man cannot atter it. And fore is the Travel which God hath given to the Sons of Man, to be exercis'd therewith.
b The whole Creation groaneth and travelleth in Pain together until now; and we our felves groan within our felves, waiting for the Redemption of our Body: For we are not yet come to the Reft, and to the Inheritance which the Lord our God giveth us.
The VANITY of HUMANE CONDITION.
c Who knoweth what is good for Man in this Life, all the Days of his vain Life which he fpendeth as a Shadow.
d Surely every Man walketh in a vain shew; furely they are difquieted in vain.
e Men of low degree are Vanity, and Men of high degree are a Lye. Verily, every Man, at his best State, is altogether Vanity.
f The Thoughts of Men are Vanity.
Our Converfation, received by Tradition from our Fathers, is vain.
bAnd what Profit hath a Man of all his Labour which he taketh, and of the Vexation of his Heart, wherein he hath labour'd under the Sun?
i He laboureth in vain, he spendeth his Strength for nought.
a Tho' we have made us great Works, and built us Houses, and planted Vineyards, and made Gardens and Orchards, and planted Trees in them, of all kind of Fruits: And tho' we have gotten great Poffeffions of great and fmall Cattel; and have gather'd alfo Silver and Gold, and the peculiar Treasure of Kings, and of Provinces; and, have gotten Men-Singers, and Women-fingers, and the Delights of the Sons of Men, as Mufical Inftruments, and that of all forts: And tho, whatsoever our Eyes defired, we have not kept from them; and have not with-held our Heart from any Joy: yet, when we look on all the Works, that our Hands have wrought,. and on the Labour that we have laboured to do, behold all is Vanity and Vexation of Spirit, and there is no profit under the Sun.
b And if we prove our Hearts with Mirth, and fay to them enjoy Pleasure; we shall fay of Laughter, it is mad, and of Mirth, what doth it?
c If we apply our Hearts to know Wisdom, and to fee the bufinefs, that is done upon the Earth; we fhall perceive that this alfo is Vexa tion of Spirit: For, In much Wisdom is much Grief; and he that increaseth Knowledge, in-creafeth Sorrow.
d. Neither, can a Man find out the Work, that is done under the Sun: Because, tho' a Man labour to feek it out, yet, he fhall not find it; yea, tho' a Wife Man think to know it, yet, hall he not be able to find it.
e Moreover, of making many. Books there is no end: And much Study is a weariness to the Flesh.
Ecch 2. 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11.
b Eccl. 2. 1, 20 a Eccl. 8. 17.
And, how dieth the Wiseman? as the Fool: For, there is no Remembrance of the Wife Man more than of the Fool, for ever.
b If a Man beget an hundred Children, and live many Years, and his Labour is in Wisdom, and in Knowledge, and in Equity; who knoweth, whether the Man that fhall be after him, unto whom he fhall leave all his Labour, which he hath taken, fhall be a Wife Man, or a Fool? yet shall he have rule over all the Labour, wherein he hath laboured, and wherein he hath fhewed himself Wife under the Sun: This is also Vanity.
é Wisdom excelleth Folly, as far as Light excelleth Darkness; yet is Folly oftentimes fet in great Dignity, and the Rich fet in low place.
d Wisdom is better than Strength; neverthelefs, the Poor Man's Wisdom is defpifed, and his Words are not heard.
e Again, I confidered all Travel, and every right Work; that, for this, a Man is envied of his Neighbour: This is alfo Vanity, and Vexation of Spirit.
Labour not to be rich for Riches certainly make themselves Wings, and fly away: Why then fhouldst thou fet thine Eyes upon that which is not? For the Sun is no fooner rifen, with a burning Heat, but it withereth the Grafs, and the Flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the Fafhion of it perifheth: So alfo fhall the Rich Man fade away in his Ways.
Eccl. 2. 16. b Eccl. 6. 3. Ecol. 2. 21, 19, 18.
Eccl. 2. 13. Eccl. 10. 6. · Eccl. 4+4
f Prov. 23. 4, s. Jam. 1. 11.
a Riches are not for ever; neither doth the Crown endure to every Generation.
b When Goods increafe, they are increased that eat them; and, what good is there to the Owners thereof,, faving the beholding of them with their Eyes?
Sometimes, Riches are kept, for the Owners thereof to their hurt: For, thofe Riches perish by evil Travel; and he begetteth a Son, and there is nothing in his Hand. All his Days, alfo, he eateth in Darkness, and, he hath much Sorrow and Wrath in his Sickness..
d There is an Evil common among Men; namely, a Man to whom God giveth Riches, Wealth, and Honour; fo that he wanteth nothing for his Soul, of all that he defireth; yet, God giveth him not power to eat thereof; but, a Stranger eateth it. This is Vanity, and it is an evil Disease.
e There is one, who hath neither Child, nor Brother: yet is there no end of all his Labour; neither is his Eye fatisfied with Riches; neither faith he for whom do I labour, and bereave my Soul of Good? This is alfo Vanity; yea, it is a fore Travel.
f There be Juft Men, unto whom it happeneth, according to the work of the Wicked: Again, there be wicked Men, to whom it happeneth, according to the work of the Righteous. This alfo is Vanity.
8 Sometimes like wife, it fo happens that Servants are feen upon Horfes, and Princes walking as Servants upon the Earth.
Prov. 27. 24
a Eccl. 6. 1, 2. & Eccl. 10. 7.
Eccl. 5. 11. • Eccl. 4. 8.
Eccl. 5. 13, 14, 17.
a For, this is an Evil, among all things that are done under the Sun, that there is one Event unto all; and no Man knoweth either Love or Hatred, by all that is before them.
The Eye is not fatisfied with feeing, nor the Ear filled with hearing. All the Labour of Man is for the Mouth; and yet, the Appetite is not filled. He that loveth Silver, is not fatisfied with Silver; nor he that loveth abundance, with Increase: For, that which is wanting cannot be numbred.
The Wandring of the Defire: This is alfo Vanity and Vexation of Spirit.
d Favour is deceitful, and Beauty is vain. e In the multitude of Dreams, and many words, there are alfo divers Vanities.
f Seeing then, there be many things that in crease Vanity, what is Man the better?
8 Man, whofe Breath is in his Noftrils, wherein is he to be accounted of? As he came forth of his Mother's Womb, naked fhall he return, to go as he came; and shall take nothing of his Labour, which he may carry away, in his Hand; in all points, as he came fo fhall he go: And what profit hath he, that hath laboured for the Wind?
b He heapeth up Riches, and knoweth not who fhall gather thein; his Sons come to Honour, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, But he perceiveth it not of them.
a Eccl. 9. 3, I.. Eccl. 1. IS.
• Eccl. s. 7. Eccl. s. 15, 16,
b Eccl. 1. 8. Eccl.
f Eccl. 6. II.
6. 7. Eccl. s. 10. d Prov. 31. 30. 6 If. 2. 22.