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me according to thy word." unto death, even the death of And the angel departed from her.

the cross.

Wherefore God also 9. hath highly exalted him, and

given him a name which is above Sunday next before Easter.

every name; that at the name of 10.

Jesus every knee should bow, of
The Collect.

things in heaven, and things in ALMIGHTY and everlasting God, earth, and things under the who of thy tender love towards

earth; and that every tongue 11. mankind hast sent thy Son our

should confess that Jesus Christ Saviour Jesus Christ, to take upon is Lord, to the glory of God the him our flesh, and to suffer

Father. death upon the cross, that all mankind should follow the ex.

The Gospel. Matt. xxvii. 1. ample of his great humility; mercifully grant, that we may

When the morning was come, both follow the example of his all the chief priests and elders of patience, and also be made par- the people took counsel against takers of his resurrection, through Jesus to put him to death. And 2. the same Jesus Christ our Lord. when they had bound him, they Amen.

led him away, and delivered his

to Pontius Pilate the Governor. The Epistle. Phil. ii. 5.

Then Judas, which had betrayed 3. Let (m) this mind be in you,

him, when he saw that he was which was also in Christ Jesus: condemned, repented () himself, 6. who, being in the form of God, and brought again the thirty

thought it not (n) robbery to be pieces of silver to the chief priests 7. equal with God; but made him- and elders, saying,

" I have sin- 4.self of no reputation, and took 6 ned in that I have betrayed upon him the form of a servant, " the innocent blood.” And they

and was made in the likeness said, “ What is that to us? see 8. of men: and being found in " thou to that."

And he cast 5. fashion as a man, he humbled down the pieces of silver in the himself, and became obedient temple, and departed, and went

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9.5. - (m) “ Let,” &c. St. Paul had been

pressing upon the Philippian converts
unanimity, lowliness of mind, &c.; and
by reminding them how our Saviour dis-
regarded his own' glory to advance the
cause of Christianity, he animates them
to the like conduct. See post, note on
Eph. iv. 9. ; and see 5 Waterland's
Moyer Sermons.

(n) “ Not robbery.” Either no
more than his right,”

no more than “ the fact ;” and then for “ but,” in v. 7. read yet,” or “not a thing to be anx

iously adhered to; " "a thing he might “ give up," " what he did not covet.”

(6).“ Repented.” Judas must have v. 3. known had our Saviour been an thusiast or an impostor; and his re. pentance shews he thought him neither : had he been either, Judas would have been warranted in betraying him ; and he would naturally have stated that as his justification. 2 Port. Lect. Our Saviour might have fixed upon Judas as an apostle, though he foreknew he would betray, him, for the very purpose that his subsequent repentance might be used as an argument for the truth of Christ. ianity,


6. and (P) hanged himself. And a notable (r) prisoner, called Bar

the chief priests took the silver abbas. Therefore, when they 19
pieces, and said, “ It is not law: were gathered together, Pilate said
“ ful for to put them into the unto them, “ Whom will ye that

treasury, because it is the price " I release unto you? Barabbas, 7. “ of blood.” And they took or Jesus, which is called

counsel, and bought with them " Christ ?" for he knew that for 18.

the potter's field, to bury stran- envy they had delivered him. 8. gers in. Wherefore that field When he was set down on the 19.

was called, The field of blood, judgement-seat, his wife sent unto 9. unto this day.” Then was ful- him, saying, “ Have thou no

filled that which was spoken “ thing to do with that just man; by (9) Jeremy the prophet, say

“ for I have suffered many ing, “ And they took the thirty things this day in a dream “ pieces of silver, the price of " because of him. But the chief 20 « him that was valued, whom priests and elders persuaded the

" they of the children of Israel multitude that they should ask 10. “ did value; and gave them for Barabbas, and destroy Jesus

. " the potter's field, as the Lord The governor answered and said 21. 11. “ appointed me. And Jesus unto them, “ Whether of the

stood before the governor : and “ twain will ye that I release the

governor asked him, saying, unto you?” They said, “ Bar« Art thou the King of the

" abbas.”

Pilate saith unto 2.2 “ Jews?” And Jesus said unto them, “ What shall I do then 12. him, “ Thou sayest.” And when " with Jesus, which is called

he was accused of the chief priests “ Christ?” They all say unto

and elders, he answered nothing. him, “Let him be crucified." 13. Then saith Pilate unto him, And the governor said,

Why? 2; “ Hearest thou not how many 66 what evil hath he done?” But

" things they witness against they cried out the more, saying, 14. " thee?” And he answered him “ Let him be crucified.” When 24

to never a word ; insomuch that Pilate saw that he could prevail

the governor marvelled greatly. nothing, but that rather a tumuk 15. Now at that feast the governor was made, he took water, and

was wont to release unto the washed his hands before the mul

people a prisoner, whom they titude, saying, “ I am innocent 16. would. And they had then “ of the blood of this just per

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(0) “ Hanged himself.” See ante 80. note on Acts i. 18.

(9) “ Jeremy," &c. The passage is not in any part of Jeremiah now extant. In Zech. xi. 12, 13. is this passage : u They weighed for my price thirty pieces " of silver. And the Lord said unto “ me, Cast it unto the potter : a goodly “ price that I was priced at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, « and cast them to the potter in the

“ house of the Lord.” But no mention is here made of the Potter's Field. The passage, as quoted, might be in some writing of Jeremiah's, not now in existence.

(r) “ Notable,” i.e. notorious. Ac. 8:10 cording to Mark xv. 7. and Luke xxiii

. 19. his offence was sedition and murder. According to John xviii. 40. he was a robber.

son :

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see ye to it.”

Then name: him they compelled to answered all the people, and said, bear his cross. And when they 33. " His (s) blood be on us, and on were come unto a place called

our children." Then released Golgotha, that is to say, “A place he Barabbas unto them: and “of a scull,” they gave him (u) vi- 34. when he had scourged (t) Jesus, negar to drink mingled with gall:

he delivered him to be crucified. and when he had tasted thereof, 17. Then the soldiers of the


he would not drink. And they 35. took Jesus into the common hall, crucified him, and parted his

and gathered unto him the whole garments, casting lots; that (x) it 28. band of soldiers.

And they might be fulfilled which was stripped him, and put on him a spoken by the (y) prophet, “ They 29. scarlet robe. And when they had parted my garments among

platted a crown of thorns, they “ them, and upon my vesture
put it upon his head, and a reed “ did they cast lots.” And sit- 36.
in his right hand : and they bowed ting down they watched him

the knee before him, and mocked there; and set up over his head 37. 30. him, saying, “ Hail, King of his accusation written, THIS IS

" the Jews!” And they spit upon JESUS THE KING OF THE

him, and took the reed, and JEWS. Then were there two 38. 31. smote him on the head. And thieves crucified with him ; one

after that they had mocked him, on the right hand, and another they took the robe off from him, the left. And they that 39. and put his own raiment on him, passed by reviled him, wagging

and led him away to crucify him. their heads, and saying, “ Thou 40. 32. And as they came out, they found " that (2) destroyest the temple,

man of Cyrene, Simon by 66 and buildest it in three days,



(s) “ His blood be on us, and on our 6 children.” How far this imprecation was fulfilled at the destruction of Jerusalem, and in the dispersed state of the Jews from that time to the present, is

not perhaps for us to judge. D 26. (“Scourged Jesus." Isaiah, speak

ing prophetically in the person of Christ, Isaiah 1. 6. says, “I gave my back to " the smiters, and my cheeks to them “ that plucked off the hair : I hid not “ my face from shame and spitting.” The indignities to which our Saviour submitted for us, should increase our gratitude to him, and should reduce our exasperation to proper bounds, when we receive indignities from men.

(u) “ Vinegar, mingled with gall." It has been supposed, that this was poisonous mixture, to accelerate death, and deaden the sense of pain, but that

ferings of crucifixion : but this is con-

(x) " That it might be,” i.e. so that 0.35.
it was. They had no intention of ful-
filling the prediction. This, therefore,
is a strong instance of stating that as the
obje& which was only, the consequence.
See aute 44. note on Matt. ii. 15.

(y) “ The prophet,” i.e. the writer 0.35. of Ps.xxii. The passage there, v. 17, 18, is, “ They pierced my hands and


tell all my bones ;
" they stand staring and looking upon

me; they part my garments among
“ them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
(x) " That destroyest,” &c. Accord-

ing to John ii. 19. when the Jews asked
of our Saviour a sign, he answered and
said unto them, “Destroy this temple,
“ and in three days I will raise it up."
But he spake of the temple of his body;
here referred. St. Matthew and St. Mark
mention this saying as one of the grounds

my feet ; I

5. 34

not be instrumental towards his own death, nor shrink from the ordinary suf

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“ save thyself. If thou be the

loud voice, saying,

Eli, Eli. " Son of God, come down from lama sabachthani?that is to 41. " the cross.” Likewise also the

say, “ My God, (c) my God, chief priests mocking him, with “ why hast thou forsaken me?" 42. the scribes and elders, said, “He Some of them that stood there.

“ saved others, himself he can- when they heard that, said, “ This

not save. If he be the King " man calleth for Elias.” And 66 of Israel, let him now come straightway one of them ran,

“ down from the cross, and we and took a spunge, and filled it 43.

66 will believe him. He (a) trust- with (d) vinegar, and put it on a " ed in God; let him deliver reed, and gave him to drink. The “ him now, if he will have him : rest said, " Let be, let us see

“ for he said, I am the Son of “ whether (e) Elias will come to 44. “ God." The (6) thieves also,

save him.'

Jesus, when he which were crucified with him, had (f) cried again with a loud 45. cast the same in his teeth. Now voice, yielded up the ghost. And,

from the sixth hour there was behold, the (8) veil of the tem

darkness over all the land unto ple was rent in twain from the 46. the ninth hour. And about the top to the bottom; and the earth

ninth hour Jesus cried with a did quake, and the rocks rent;

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do him."

the Messiah, it is said, “they gave me

gall to eat, and when I was thirsty, “ they gave me vinegar to drink.” (e) " Whether Elias," &c.

This probably was said with a sneer ; the Jews expected from the prophecy in Mal. iv. 5. that Elijah was to come in person before the Messiah appeared; they did not understand that John the Baptist, by coming in the spirit and power of Elijah, had fulfilled this prophecy. The prophecy is, “ Behold I « send you Elijah the prophet before " the coming of the great and dreadful

day of the Lord: and he shall turn “ the heart of the fathers to the chil. « dren, and the heart of the children to “ the fathers, lest I come and smite the “ earth with a curse." Ante 33. note on John i. 21.

(f) Cried,” &c. St. Luke has re. ! corded what he said : “ Father, into thy “ hands I commend my spirit.”

(8) “ The veil,” &cé The veil se.. parated the holy place from the holy of holies, which was considered a type

of heaven, and into which none but the high priest could enter, and that only once a year. Abp. Kidder considers this rend. ing it in twain as importing that now, through Christ, the Holy of Holies, that is, the kingdom of Heaven, is laid open, not to the high priest only, but

0.44 (6) “ The thieves.” According to

Luke xxiii. 40. one of them rebuked the
other for reviling him ; this is therefore
either an affirmation as to the two,
though only true as to one ; or both

might at first revile, and one might be
: struck with some part of our Saviour's
conduct, and then rebuke his companion.

(c) “ My God,” &c. This is the beginning of Psalm xxii. which is considered as written prophetically of the Messiah ; and our Saviour might use this exclamation, to draw to their consideration how this prophecy was fulfilling in what he suffered. See the notes on V. 35. 40.

(d) “ Vinegar.” See the note on v. 34. This may shew their temper: it was usual to give the convi&ts what would deaden their sense of pain ; vinegar was calculated to awaken it. In Ps. Ixix. 22. which probably referred prophetically to


· 48.

2. and the graves were opened ; and || Edom, with dyed garments from

many bodies of the saints which Bozrah (k)? this that is glorious 3. slept, arose, and came out of the in his apparel, travelling in the

graves after his resurrection, and greatness of his strength? (1)“ I went into the holy city, and ap

is that speak in righteousness, 54. peared unto many. Now when mighty to save." Wherefore 2.

the centurion, and they that were art thou red in thine apparel, and with him watching Jesus, saw the thy garments like him that treadearthquake, and those things that eth in the wine-fac?“ I have 3. were done, they feared greatly,

“ trodden the wine-press alone ; saying, “ Truly (b) this was the “ and of the people there was “Son of God.”

none with me: for I (m) will

“ tread them in mine anger, and Monday before Easter.

“ trample them in my fury; and

6 their blood shall be sprinkled For the Epistle. Isaiah lxii. 1.0

upon my garments, and I will Who is this that cometh from

“ stain all my raiment. For the 4.


to all people, and not once in a year mer times done for the Israelites, and only, but at all times. See an admirable prays anxiously for deliverance. reading upon this chapter, z Porteus's (k)“ Bosrah,” the chief city of Edom. 0.1. Lectures, 266. Lecture 22.

Bosrah is supposed to have had its name (b) “ Truly," &c. This exclama || from the number of wine-presses. Edom tion was drawn from the Roman soldier, and Bosrah are probably named, as being an impartial spectator, not only by the often at war with the Israelites, and are earthquake, &c. but by considering the therefore put for any enemies. In Isaiah conduct of our Saviour whilst upon the xxxiv. 6. where the prophet is perhaps cross, and his last words, commending referring to the same period as here, he his spirit into the hands of God. Saint names the same place : “ The Lord hath Mark xv. 39. says, when the centurion a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great saw that he so cried out, and gave up the “ slaughter in the land of Idumea," (i.e. ghost, he said, “truly,” &c. attributing || Edors.) his exclamation to that act of resignation (?) « 1,&c. i. e. (probably) the v.1, and devotion in our Saviour. The cele- Messiah, the righteous Saviour. In Rev. brated Rousseau, after contrasting the xix. 11. 13. 15, 16. is a description of life and death of our Saviour with those our Saviour, strongly corresponding with of Socrates, concludes the comparison this chapter : " I saw heaven opened, and with this sentence : “ Yes, if the life and « behold a white horse : and he that sat “ death of Socrates are those of a sage, “ upon him was called faithful and true, " the life and death of Jesus are those of “ and in righteousness he doth judge and a God.” 2 Port. Lect. 298.

s make war : he was clothed with a
(i) A prophetic dialogue between “ vesture dipped in blood, and his name
the Messiah and the Israelites, look- 16 is called " the Word of God;" and
ing forward to a time of extraordinary “ out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword,
Vengeance upon his enemies, and of " that with it he should smite the na-
redemption and deliverance to his faith- « tions : and he shall rule them with a
ful servants, perhaps the time of the de- " rod of iron; and he treadeth the wine-
truction of Jerusalem. In the 1st and press of the fierceness and wrath of
ad verses the questions are put, Who is Almighty God.”
it that is making the desolation, and what (m) For“ will tread,” “trample," v.3.
is the cause of it? The answers are at “ shall be sprinkled,” and “ will stain,'

the reading “ tram.
, 6th verses. rest
chapter is in the mouth of the people, ed;he is speaking of it as already
and calls to mind what God had in for. past.


the end of yerve te and The heart of best pled, un es was sprinkled," and a stain

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