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es of Jerusalem.” 20. Go up (l) to ranon, and cry and lift up thy voice Bashan, and cry from the passages : all thy lovers (m) are destroyed. 21,1 ke unto thee in thy prosperity, but thou Ist,“ I will not hear:” this hath been thy aner from thy youth, that thou obeyit not my voice. 22. The wind shall up all thy pastures, and thy lovers shall into captivity, surely then shalt thou ashamed and confounded for all thy ckedness. 23. O inhabitant of Lenon (n), that makest thy nest in the dars, how gracious (0) shalt thou be len pangs come upon thee, the pain as a woman in travail ?

24. As I live ith the LORD, though Coniah (P) the n of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the gnet upon my right hand, yet would I uck thee thence; 25. And I will give see into the hand of them that seek thy fe, and into the hand of them whose face lou fearest, even into the hand of Neuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into ne hand of the Chaldeans. 26. And I will cast thee out, and thy mother that pare thee, into another country, where re were not born, and there shall


die. 7. But to the land whereunto they desire

“ to return, thither shall they not return. “ 28. Is this man Coniah a despised broken - idol? is be a vessel wherein is no plea

sure? wherefore are they cast out, he " and his seed, and are cast into a land “ which they know not ? 29. O earth, « earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD. 30.

Thus saith the LORD, “Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not pros

per in his days : for no man of his seed « shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of “ David, and ruling any more in Judah.”

CHAP. XXXV. (9) THE word which came unto Jeremiah

from the LORD, in the days of Jehoiakim(r) the son of Josiah king of Judah, saying, 2. « Go unto the house of the Re« chabites, and speak unto them, and bring " them into the house of the LORD, into “ one of the chambers, and give them wine “ to drink.” 3. Then I took Jaazaniah the son of Jeremiah, the son of Habaziniah, and his brethren, and all his sons, and the whole house of the Rechabites. 4. And I brought them into the house of the LORD, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan, the son of Igdaliah, a man of God, which was by the chamber of the princes (s), which

“ the

rost.” And accordingly Josephus relates, : Nebuchadnezzar slew him, after he had ned 11 years, and caused his body to be from the top of the walls of Jerusalem,

vouchsafed him no sepulchre. Joseph. .iq. B. 10. C. 7. 1) y. 20. “Go up, &c." sarcastically, scend your highest mountains, and look for telp from your allies, it will not come.” An mation too, that they would be in such iculties as would make them look anxiously aid. 'm) v. 20. 22. " Thy lovers," i. e. lations who are friendly towards you: who lave given you assistance :” referring proly to Egypt, the king of which had put loiakim

upon the throne. 2 Kings xxiii. 34. ese passages may also be considered as foreling a great diminution of the Egyptian wer before the completion of the Babylonish ptivity: we find accordingly, after the reign Jehoiakim, that “the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt" (the Nile) “ unto the river Euphrates all that pertained to the king of Egypt."

(n) v. 23. “ Inhabitant of Lebanon, &c." a figurative expression for “ the Jews” in the height of their pride. (c) v.23

“ Gracious,” or “ humble,” in a temper how different from that mentioned in verse 21 ?

() v. 24. 28. “ Coniah,” also called Jeco. niah and Jehoiachin ; he succeeded his father Jehoiakim, and reigned three months; and then Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon carried him to Babylon, and made his uncle Zedekiah king. He did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, and continued in captivity at Babylon 37 years.

2 Kings xxiv. 8. 9. 17.-XXV. 27. -2 Chron. xxvi. 9. 10.

(2) From the example of the Rechabites in obeying the injunctions of their forefather, God takes occasion to denounce vengeance upon

the Jews for their disobedience to his commandments.

(s) v. 1. “Of Jehoiakim," in the 3d year of whose reign the Babylonish captivity commenced. The date ascribed to this chapter is the ad year of his reign, 607 years before Christ.

(s) v. 4. “ Princes," or “great me of the u sanhedrin." 1 Lightf. 1063.

• U U 4

Kings xxiv. 9.

« neither ye,

was above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the keeper of the door. 5. And I set before the sons of the house of the Rechabites, pots full of wine, and cups: and I said unto them, “Drink ye “ wine.” 6. But they said “ We will « drink no wine: for Jonadab (t) the son of « Rechab our father (t) commanded us, “ saying, “ Ye shall drink no wine,

nor your sons for ever. 7. Neither shall ye build house, nor sow “ seed, nor plant vineyard, nor have any; “ but all your days ye shall dwell in tents, “ that ye may live many days in the land « where ye be strangers.” 8. Thus (u) “ have we obeyed the voice of Jonadab “ the son of Rechab our father, in all « that he hath charged us, to drink no “ wine all our days, we, our wives, our “ sons, nor our daughters; 9. Nor to “ build houses for us to dwell in; neither “ have we vineyard, nor field, nor seed. “ 10. But we have dwelt in tents, and “ have obeyed, and done according to all « that Jonadab our father commanded us. “ 11. But it came to pass when Nebu“ chadrezzar king of Babylon came up u into the land, that we said, “Come, and “ let us go to Jerusalem for fear of the

army of the Chaldeans, and for fear of " the army of the Syrians ; so we dwell “ at Jerusalem.” 12. Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah, saying, 13

" Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the « God of Israel, “ Go, and tell the men of " Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, “ will ye not receive instruction to hearken is to my words ? saith the LORD. 14. The " words of Jonadab the son of Rechab, or that he commanded his sons not to drink

“ they drink none, but obey their fathers « commandment; notwithstanding I have “ spoken unto you, rising early (*), and "speaking, but ye hearkened not unto me “ 15. I have sent also unto


all “ servants the prophets, rising up early

, 6 and sending them, saying, “ Return (y) ye now every man from his evil way

, “ and amend your doings, and go not after “ other gods to serve them, and ye shal « dwell in the land which I have given “ you and to your fathers ;" but ye here “ not inclined your ear, nor hearkerel “ unto me,

16. Because the sons of love “ nadab, the son of Rechab, have pera “ formed the commandment of their “ father, which he commanded them, but “ this people hath not hearkened unto me;

17. Therefore thus saith the LORD God 66 of hosts, the God of Israel, “ Behold, 64 I will bring upon Judah and upon

all the « inhabitants of Jerusalem, all the evil (3) “ that I have pronounced against them : “ because I have spoken unto them, but " they have not heard, and I have called “ unto them, but they have not answers 18. And Jeremiah said unto the house of the Rechabites, « Thus saith the LORD OF " hosts, the God of Israel, “Because ye have obeyed the commandment of Jona. “ dab your father, and kept all his precepts

, “ and done according unto all that he hath “ commanded you :" 19. Therefore thus “ saith the Lord of hosts, the God di “ Israel, “ Jonadab the son of Rechab sha! “ not want a man to stand before me for66 ever (a).”

CHAP. XXXVI. (6) ND it fourth year (c) Josial

“ wine, are performed ; for unto this day Anparit came to pass in the forume

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“ should be invaded, and carried into caperity." See ante 602, Is. v. 26. and Jer. V. ante 646-7. (a) v.19.

For ever,'' i e. « for a long “ time, for many generations."

(6) A merciful attempt by God to reclaim the king and the people.

(c) v. 1. Fourth year.” In the third gener of Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzer king of Bar bylon, came up against Jerusalem, and besieged hand. Dan. i. 1. 2. Nebuchadnezzar boun it, and the Lord gave Jehoiakim into his Jehoiakim in fetters, to carry him to Babyloz

(x) . 14: “ Rising early," a figurative expression to denote extraordinary pains.

(y) v.15. “Return, &c.” many of the warnings God gave them occur in Isaiah, and the book of Jeremiah abounds with them.

(z) v.17. "All the evil,&c.' i.e. "that they

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? Judah, that this word came unto ah from the LORD, saying, 2. « Take

a roll of a book, and write therein the words that I have spoken unto

against (d) Israel, and against(d) Ju, and against(d) all the nations, from

day I spake unto thee, from the 3 of Josiah even unto this day. It may be that the house of Judah I hear all the evil (e) which I pure to do unto them; that they may irn every man from his evil


that lay forgive their iniquity and their

4. Then Jeremiah called Baruch

of Neriah; and Baruch wrote the mouth of Jeremiah all the s of the LORD, which he had spoken him, upon a roll of a book. 5. And niah commanded Baruch, saying, im shut up, I cannot go into the house

the LORD: 6. Therefore go thou id read in the roll which thou hast ritten from my mouth, the words of le LORD in the ears of the people in ie LORD's house upon the fasting day: nd also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah, that come out of their cities. 1. It may be they will present their suplication before the LORD, and will eturn every one from his evil way; for freat is the anger and the fury that the LORD hath pronounced against this eople.” 8. And Baruch the son of iah did according to all that Jereh the prophet commanded him, read

in the book the words of the LORD the LORD's house. 9. And it came pass in the fifth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah, king of Judah, in the th month, that they proclaimed a fast

before the LORD to all the people in Jerusalem, and to all the people that came from the cities of Judah unto Jerusalem. 10. Then read Baruch in the book, the words of Jeremiah, in the house of the LORD, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the higher court, at the entry of the new gate of the LORD's house, in the ears of all the people.

1. When Michaiah the son of Gemariah the fon of Shaphan had heard out of the book all the words of the LORD, 12. Then he went down into the king's house, into the scribes chamber, and lo, all the princes sat there, even Elishama the scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and all the princes. 13. Then Michaiah declared unto them all the words that he had heard when Baruch read the book in the ears of the people.

14. Therefore all the princes sent Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, unto Baruch, saying, “Take in thine hand « the roll wherein thou hast read in the “ ears of the people, and come,” So Baruch the son of Neriah took the roll in his hand, and came unto them. 15. And they said unto him, “ Sit down now, and “ read it in our ears.” So Baruch read it in their ears. 15. Now it came to pass when they had heard all the words, they were afraid both one and other, and said unto Baruch, “ We will surely tell the king of “ all these words.” 17. And they asked Baruch, saying, “Tell us now, How didst “ thou write all these words at his mouths

hron. xxxvi. 7. It does not appear, how, that he carried him thither, but Jehoiabecame his servant three years, and then rebelled against him. 2 Kings xxiv. 1. is commission therefore to Jeremiah and ruch, and the reading of the roll, was provly after the people had suffered the horrors of ege, and after Jehoiakim had felt the power nis adversary, but after Nebuchadnezzer had zased him. Before Christ 605. d) 0. 2. “ Against,” or “concerning." e) v.3. "All the evil,&c." See ante 646-7, Jer. 15.--and see Jer. vii. 31 to 34.viii. 1 to 3.

and 13 to 17.-ix. 11.-xi. 11 to 23.-xi. 13. 14. 24.—XV. I to 9.-xvi. I to 14.-xvii. i to 4.-xviii. 11. 16. 17.-xix. 3 to 9.-xxv. 8 to 11. &c. In the preceding year, part of God's denunciations against the Jews began to be fulfilled. Nebuchadnezzar had besieged Jerusalem, and made Jehoiakim prisoner, and car. ried away to Babylon part of the vessels of the house of God, and many of the children of the king's seed and of the princes, amongst whom was Daniel'the prophet. See Dan. i. 1 to 6. but all the evil God had threatened had by no means been accomplished.

18. Then Baruch answered them, “ He “ pronounced all these words unto me with « his mouth, and I wrote them with ink « in the book.” 19. Then said the princes unto Baruch, “Go hide thee, thou and “ Jeremiah, and let no man know where

ye be.20. And they went ir to the king into the court, but they laid up the roll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, and told all the words in the ears of the king. 21. So the king sent Jehudi to fetch the roll, and he took it out of Elishama the scribe's ohamber, and Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the princes which stood beside the king. 22. Now the king sat in the winter house in the ninth month; and there was a fire on the hearth burning before him. 23. And it came to pass that when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, he (f) cut it with the pen-knife, and cast it into the fire that was on the hearth, until all the roll was consumed in the fire that was on the hearth. 24. Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, neither the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words. 25. Nevertheless Elnathan, and Delaiah and Gemariah had made intercession to the king, that he would not burn the roll, but he would not hear them. 26. But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe, and Jeremiah the prophet: but the LORD hid them. 27. Then

the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah (after that the king had burnt the roll, and the words which Baruch wrote at the mouth of Jeremiah,) saying, 28. “ Take thee « again another roll, and write in it all “ the former words, that were in the first “ roll, which Jehoiakim the king of Judah " hath burnt. 29. And thou shalt say to “ Jehoiakim king of Judah, “ Thus saith « the LORD, “ Thou hast burnt this mil, “ saying, “Why hast thou written therein

, “ saying, “ The king of Babylon shall ce“ tainly come and destroy this land, and « shall cause to cease from thence man and (6 beast ?

30. Therefore thus saith the “ LORD of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, “he « shall have none to sit upon the throne of “ David, and his dead body shall be cast “ out (g) in the day to the heat, and in the “ night to the frost. 31. And I will punish “ him and his seed, and his servant for “ their iniquity, and I will bring upon “ them, and upon the inhabitants of Jero“ salem, and upon the men of Judah

, ai " the evil that I have pronounced as “ them, but they hearkened not.” 32. Then took Jeremiah another roll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, the son of Neriah, who wrote therein from the mouth of Jeremiah, all the words of the book which Jehoiakim king of Judah had burnt in the fire, and there were added besides unto them mang like words.

) v. 23. “ He," i. e. the king. (8) v. 30.

“ Cast out, &c.” God had before denounced against him, Jer. xxii. 19. ante 648. that he should be buried with the burial of an

ass, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of

“ Jerusalem ;" and accordingly Nebuchadnezzar caused his body to be cast from the top of the walls of Jerusalem, and vouchsafed him na sepulchre. Josephus's Antiquities, B. 10. C. 7.


CHAP. II. (b) ND he (i) said unto me (k), “Son of " man, stand upon thy feet, and I


set me upon my feet, that I heard him spake unto me. 3. And he said unto

66 Son of man, I send thee to the hildren of Israel (I), to a rebelliousnation hat hath rebelled against me; they and heir fathers have transgressed against ne, even unto this very day. 4. For hey are impudent children and stiffhearted : I do send thee unto them; and thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD God.

5. And they, whe

hear or they forbear, (for they are a rebellious house,) yet shall know that there hath been a prophet among them. 6. And thou, son of man, be not afraid

of them, neither be afraid of their words, : though briers and thorns(m) be with thee, and thou dost dwell among scorpions : be not afraid of their words, nor be

« dismayed at their looks, though they be

a rebellious house. 7. And thou shalt “ speak my words unto them, whether " they will hear, or whether they will “ << " unto thee; Be not thou rebellious like “ that rebellious house; open thy mouth, and eat that I give thee.” 9. And when I looked, behold, an hand was sent unto me; and, lo, a roll of a book was therein. 10. And he spread it before me; and it was written within and without (n):, and there was written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe.


mesaying, 2. Son of prophesy against the prophets of Israel that “ prophesy, and say thou unto them that

prophesy out of their own hearts (p), “ Hear ye the word of the LORD, 3. Thus « saith the Lord God, “Woe unto the fool“ ish prophets, that follow their own spirit, « and have seen nothing."

4. O Israel,

(1) A commission from God to Ezekiel to onvey to the Jews God's communications. izekiel was one of the captive Jews in the .nd of Babylon, and this commission was given im in the 5th year of Zedekiah, about twelve ears after the commencement of the Babyloish captivity, and about 594 years before Christ. See Ézek.i. 1. He was contemporary herefore 6 or 7 years with Jeremiah, but Jereniah prophesied in Judea, Ezekiel in Babylon.

(i) v. i. “ He," The preceding chapter ontains a description of a vision of Ezekiel, n which he saw the likeness of a throne and of i man upon it, and the appearance of the likeless of the glory of the Lord, and heard a roice of one that spake, and

that speaker is the person here intended. See Ezek. i. 4 to 28.

(k) vi. “ Me,” i. e. “ Ezekiel.”

(1) v. 3. “The children of Israel," i.e. " the Jews," many of whom were in captivity with Ezekiel. (m):46. “ Though briers and thorns, &c."

“ whatever difficulties, insults, and danger, you may have to encounter.”

(n) 6.10.“ Within and without," to imply

that it was full: probably, that it foreboded great abundance of what it contained, i. e. of lamentations, &c."

(0) A denunciation against false prophets : delivered in the 6th year of Zedekiah, about 13 years after the commencement of the Babylonish captivity, and 593 before Christ.

(0) 0. 2. “ Out of their own hearts." This was a common subject of complaint at that time: about two years before, Hananiah proclaimed it as the word of the Lord, that within two years God would bring back from Babylon the captives that had been carried thither, Jer. xxviii. 1 to 17. and some time in Zedekiah's reign, Jeremiah wrote from Jerusalem to the captives in Babylon to caution them against these lying prophets, and to advise them to build houses in Babylon, to plant gardens, and marry, that they might be increased there, and not diminished : discountenancing all hope of a speedy return, but assuring them that after 70 years were accomplished at Babylon, God would cause them to return to Jerusalem. Jer. xxix. 4. 5. 6. 10.

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