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Then he arose, and rebuked the || the city, and told every thing,
winds and the sea; and there was and what was befallen to the 27. a great calm. But the men mar. | possessed of the devils. And, 3+
velled, saying, “What manner behold, the whole city came out 66 of man is this, that even the to meet Jesus : and when they
« winds and the sea obey him ?” saw him, they (a) besought him 28. And when he was come to the that he would depart out of their
other side, into the country of coasts.
fierce, so that no man might pass THE PRESENTATION OF CHRIST IN THE 29. by that way. And, behold, they TEMPLE, commonly called The Puri
cried out, saying, “ What have we fication of the Virgin Mary.
ALMIGHTY and everliving God, 30. And there was a good way off
we humbly beseech thy Majesty, from them an herd of many swine
that as thy only-begotten Son was 21. feeding. So the devils besought || this day presented in the temple
him, saying, “ If thou cast us out, in substance of our flesh; so we
“ suffer us to go away into the may be presented unto thee with 32. “ herd of swine.” And he said un pure and clean hearts, by the
to them, “ Go.” And when they same thy Son Jesus Christ our
For the Epistle. Mal. iii. 1. (6) violently down a steep place into Behold, I will send (c) my
the sea, and perished in the “ messenger, and he shall pre33. waters: And they that kept them 6 pare the way before me: and
fled, and went their ways into | “ the (d) Lord, whom ye seek,
0.32. (z) “ Swine." If these were kept foretold that there would be such a mes.
by Jews, it was a breach of their law : senger, in the prophecy, Isaiah xl. 3. if by Gentiles, yet if it was in the “ T'he voice of him that crieth in the wil. country of the Jews, it was a snare to “ derness, Prepare ye the way of the them.
" Lord, make straight in the desert a 0.34. (a) “Besought him," &c. St. Luke « highway for our God." See post,
assigns as a reason for this request, John Baptist's Day. See an able comch. vii. 37. that “ they were taken with ment and explanation upon this passage “ great fear;" and St. Mark says, in Malachi, Bp. Chandler's Defence of ch. v. 15. “ that they were afraid." Chriftianity; and Dr. Trapp's Second
(6) Malachi prophesied about 430 Discourse. years before our Saviour's time.
(d) “ The Lord whom ye seek," v.s. (c) “ Messenger." John the Baptist " the Messenger of the covenant, whom
was this messenger : and he prepared the “ ye delight in." These expressions way before our Saviour ; that is, pre import, that even at this time the coming pared men's hearts for his reception, by of the Messiah was an object to which preaching “repentance, for the king they looked forward; and the repeated *dom of heaven is at hand," &c. See | prophecies from time to time delivered Matt. iii. 2. 8 to 12. Isaiah had before with a view to that event, were admir.
" shall suddenly come to his “ the covenant, whom ye delight " temple, even the messenger of “ in: behold, he shall come,”
ably calculated to keep alive in them that || ferring to this expected deliverer, and as expectation. Immediately after the fall, importing that he was to be of the seed they had an intimation that “ the seed of of David, who was of the tribe of Judah, " the woman should bruise the serpent's and in many instances when the Jews in " bead ;" and this, though indefinite, our Saviour's time meant to express their might raise in them a hope that at some belief that he was the Messiah, they called time or other there would be a deliverer, him “ the son of David." There are to give them the opportunity of regaining many other passages in the Psalms look. what by the fall they had forfeited, the ing forward to this signal personage, and chance of eternal life. God afterwards as the Jews were particularly familiar promised to Abraham, that in “ him with the Psalms these passages would be “ and his seed should all the families or continually in their minds. It would take " nations of the earth be blessed.” up too much space to go through the Gen. xii. 3. xxii, 18. This might in Prophecies in Isaiah, Jeremiah, and duce a belief that the deliverer would be Ezekiel. Daniel speaks of the Messiah, of bis seed. This promise was renewed, and the time of his coming, with great in nearly the same words, to Isaac, particularity, “ seventy weeks are deGen. xxvi. 4 ; and to Jacob, xxviii. 14. c termined upon thy people, and upon Before Jacob died, he called his sons " thy holy city, to finish the transgression together, that he might tell them what " and to make an end of sin, and to make should befal them (and their posterity) “ reconciliation for iniquity, and to in the last days; and unto Judah he said, “ bring in everlasting righteousness, and " the sceptre shall not depart from Judah, " to seal up the vision and prophecy, and “ nor a lawgiver from between his feet, <to anoint the most holy : Know there“ until Shiloh come ; and to him shall “ fore, and understand, that from the " the gathering of the people be." " going forth of the commandment to Gen. xl. 10. This raised the belief that “ restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Deliverer should be of the tribe of “ the Messiah the prince shall be seven Judah, and that that tribe should have “ weeks, and three score and two weeks: some degree of power until his coming. " (in seven weeks) the street shall be By " Shiloh " is certainly meant the “ built again, and the wall, even * in Messiah; and the intimation, “ that unto “ troublous times. And after three score " him should the gathering of the people « and two weeks,” (or, " the three score " be," agrees with the character before “ and two weeks,'') shall Messiah be cut given him, that in him should all the
" off, but not for himself: and the people tations of the earth be blessed, and with “ of the prince that shall come shall dethe title by which he is called in a sub * stroy the city and the sanctuary," &c. sequent prophecy, Hagg. q. 7. “ the I have added in seven weeks, because some " desire of all nations." God after addition seems necessary; and this corwards assured Moses, “ I will raise responds with the event. A week, in pro"them up a prophet from among their
phetic language, means seven years, a day " brethren, like unto thee, and will for a year, as Gen. xxix, 27. Lev. xxv. 8. "put My words in his mouth, and he Ez. iv. 4, 5. 6. The commandment here " shall speak unto them all that I shall referred to, “to restore and to build Jeru. " command him; and it shall come to
"salem," is probably that which is men"pass that whosoever will not hearken tioned, Nehemiah ii. in the 20th year of “ unto My words which he shall speak Artaxerxes Longimanus. There had " in my name, I will require it of him.” been previous orders for building the Deut. xvii. 18, 19. The correspondence Temple, and offering therein. In the in many particulars, between Moses and our Saviour, is ably pointed out by Dr. What is translated, “ even in troublous Jortin. See Newton on the Prophecies.
“ times,” is in the Vulgate “ in angustia temIn David's time the prophecy in Ps. ii. 7.
“ porum,” which may mean in the shorter time, “ thou art My Son, this day I have be
viz. the seven weeks, or what is rendered after
three score and two weeks may mean, “ after the "gotten thee," was considered as re “ three score and two weeks."
2. saith the Lord of Hosts. But || a (e) refiner's fire, and like ful
who may abide the day of his ler's soap: and he shall sit as a coming ? and who shall stand refiner and purifier of silver; and when he appeareth? for he is like he shall purify the sons of Levi,
first year of Cyrus the Persian, about 1“ come forth, that was to be ruler in Israel, 537 years before the birth of Christ, and “ whose goings forth had been from of perhaps the same year this prophecy " old, from everlasting.” In Hagg. ii.7. was delivered, one was made for re whilst the second temple was building building the Temple (Ezra i. 1.); but they had this encouragement from God, that order was countermanded before the " the desire of all nations shall come, and building was finished. (Ezra iv. 21.) In “ I will fill this house with glory, saith the second year of Darius king of Persia, “ the Lord of Hosts,” and accordingly about 519 years before the birth of our Saviour came whilst that temple was Christ, another order was made for standing; and lastly, in Zech. ix. 9. the building the Temple, Ezra vi. 1 to 12 ; prophet breaks forth into this rapture, and it was built accordingly, and finished is Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; in the sixth year of the same Darius “ Shout o daughter of Jerusalem : beHystaspes the Persian. In the seventh " hold thy King cometh unto thee: he year of Artaxerxes, (about 457 years “ is just, and having salvation,” &c. before the birth of Christ), he made a (e) “ A, refiner's fire,” &c. This o decree to let such of the people as implies that the object of his coming was pleased go up to Jerusalem, and for sup not to raise them to temporal grandeur, plying them with offerings (Ezra vii. il but to cleanse their hearts, to correct to 26); but it was not till the twentieth their dispositions ; and as St. Paul exyear of Artaxerxes that we have any presses it, Tit. ii. 14. to “ purify to himaccount of an order to restore and to « self a peculiar people, zealous of good build Jerusalem. Nehemiah, who was " works." The same might be collected cup-bearer to Artaxerxes, appeared from the preaching of his fore-runner, the sad, and assigned as the reason, “ that messenger here spoken of, John the Bap“ the city, the place of my fathers' tist : “ Now also the ax is laid unto the “ sepulchres, lieth waste ;' and he in " root of the trees : therefore every tree treated that Artaxerxes would send him " which bringeth not forth good fruit is unto Judah, “ unto the city of my “ hewn down, and cast into the fire: I “ fathers' sepulchres, that I may build • indeed baptize you with water unto “ it ;” and Artaxerxes sent him accord “ repentance, but he that cometh after ingly, and gave him letters for convey. “ me shall baptize you with the Holy ing him to Judah, and for timber “to " Ghost, and with fire : whose fan is in “ make beams for the gates of the palace “ his hand, and he will thoroughly purge “ which appertained to the houses, and « his floor, and gather his wheat into the “ for the wall of the city, and for the “ garner ; but he will burn up the chaff “ house ” Nehemiah was to enter into. “ with unquenchable fire.” Matt. iii. 10 The twentieth year of Artaxerxes was to 12. · If it was so much God's object about 444 years before our Saviour's then to produce this inward purity, must birth, and therefore 477 only before his it not equally be his object now; and if crucifixion, not quite 69 weeks of ordi. he visited so heavily then those who fell nary years before our Saviour was cut short of it, and did not cordially embrace off. But the Chaldean year is five days his religion, will he not equally visit the short of ours; and as Daniel had long sinful and despisers of after times? The lived in Chaldea, and his writings are period of sinning cannot, with a God of partly in that language, 69 weeks of perfect justice, make a difference in the Chaldean years might be intended in quantum of punishment. God might the prophecy; and 477 of our years make the punishment more visible in our make rather more than 483 Chaldean Saviour's time, to make his detestation years, viz. 483 years and 225 days; and of sin and unbelief more notorious ; but 483 years make 69 weeks of years. will the punishment for subsequent sin In Mic. v. 2. they were assured, that and unbelief be less certain, or less from “ Bethlehem Ephratah should he hcary?
and purge them as gold and is said (8) in the law of the Lord, silver, that they may offer unto “ A pair of turtle-doves, or two
the Lord an offering in righte- “ young pigeons." And, be- 25. - ousness. Then shall the offering hold, there was a man in Jerusa
of Judah and Jerusalem be plea. lem, whose name was Simeon ; sant unto the Lord, as in the and the same man was just and days of old, and as informer devout, waiting for the (b) conyears. " And I will come near solation of Israel: and the Holy “ to you to judgement; and I Ghost was upon him. And it 26. 6 will be a swift witness against was revealed unto him by the " the sorcerers, and against the Holy Ghost, that he should not « adulterers, and against false see death before he had seen the 6s swearers, and against those that Lord's Christ. And he came by 27. “ oppress the hireling in his the Spirit into the temple: and 6 wages, the widow, and the when the parents brought in the « fatherless, and that turn aside child Jesus, to do for him after " the stranger from his right, and the custom of the law, then took 28. “ fear not me," saith the Lord he him up in his arms, and of Hosts.
blessed God, and (i) said, “Lord, 29.
“ now lettest thou thy servant The Gospel. Luke ii. 22. “ depart in peace, according to And when the days of her puri
6 thy word : for mine eyes have 30. fication according to the law of “s seen thy salvation, which thou 3.1. Moses were accomplished, they
" hast prepared before the face brought him to Jerusalem, to “ of all people; a light to lighter 32. 23. present him to the Lord; (as it " the Gentiles, and the glory of
is (f) written in the law of the “ thy people Israel.” And Joseph 33. Lord, “ Every male that openeth and his mother marvelled at those
" the womb shall be called holy things which were spoken of 24.“ to the Lord ;') and to offer a him. And Simeon blessed them, 34.
sacrifice according to that which and said unto Mary his mother,
" Written,” Exod. xiii. 2. “ The “ Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Sanc“ tify unto me all the first born, what“soever openeth the womb among the “ children of Israel, both of man and of
“ beast-it is mine.” 1.24. (s) “ Said in the law,” &.c. She was
to bring a lamb, and a turtle-dove or young pigeon ; but if she were not able to bring a lamb, she was to bring two turtles, or two young pigeons, one for a burnt-offering, the other for a sin-offer
ing. Levit. xii. 6. 8. 125. (b) “ The consolation of Israel," i.e.
the Messiah, who, on account of Daniel's prophecy of the seventy weeks, Dan.ix.24. ante 63, was at this time anxiously exa pected. Anna spake of him (infra, v.38.)
“ to all them that looked for redemption in
(i) See ante, 8.
“ Behold, this child is set for || keep thy Church and household “ the fall and rising again of continually in thy true religion ; “ many in Israel ; and for a sign that they who do lean only upon
" which shall be spoken against; the hope of thy heavenly grace, 35. “ (yea, (k) a sword shall pierce may evermore be defended by
“ through thy own soul also,) thy mighty power, through Jesus
" that the thoughts of many Christ our Lord. Amen. 36. “ hearts may be revealed.” And
there was one Anna, a prophetess,
Put on therefore, as the elect of band seven years from her vir
God, holy and beloved, (l) bowels 37. ginity; and she was a widow of
of mercies (m), kindness, hum
bleness of mind, meekness, about fourscore and four years,
long-suffering; forbearing which departed not from the
one 13. temple, but served God with fast
another, and forgiving one ano
ther, if any man have a quarrel ings and prayers night and day. 38. And she coming in that instant,
against any : even as Christ forgave thanks likewise unto the
gave you, so also do ye. And 14.
above all these things put on Lord, and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption
charity (n), which is the (0) bond 39. in Jerusalem. And when they
of perfectness. And let the peace 15. had performed all things accord
of God (p) rule in your hearts, to
the which also ye are called ing to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their
in (9) one body; and be ye 40. own city Nazareth. And the
thankful. Let the word of Christ 16.
dwell in you richly in all wisdom; child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom : and
teaching and admonishing one the grace of God was upon him.
another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.
And whatsoever ye do in word 17. Fifth Sunday after the Epiphany.
or deed, do all in the name of The Collect.
the Lord Jesus, giving thanks O Lord, we beseech thee to to God and the Father by him.
0.35. .25. (b) « A sword," &c. Epiphanius giving, but general goodwill to all man. says she was put to death
kind. The extensive sense in which the (1) “ Bowels,” &c. not the outward word “ charity" is used, may be colappearance, but the inward feeling and lected from 1 Cor. xii. post. 75. affection. 'True religion goes to the root, (0) “ Bond of perfectness," i.e. per- 8.14 it regulates the heart.
haps the most perfect bond : uniting man (m) Mercies," &c. The character of || to man more than any other quality. the Christian virtues recommended here (o) “ Peace of God," i. e. godlike 9:18 and elsewhere deserves notice : how ad. peaceableness. mirably are they calculated to promote (9) “ In one body," i.e. together, 0.15 the comfort and happiness of individuals to make one fraternity, whose characand of society!
teristic shall be universal goodwill. See 0.14. (n) “ Charity," i.e. not mere alms. ||
ante, 35. Eph. ii. 19, &c.