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“ deceived heart hath turned him aside, " that he cannot deliver his soul (b), nor “ say, Is there not a lie (i) in my right “ hand ?”. 21. Remember these, O Jacob, " and Israel; for thou art my servant (k): " I have formed thee (k), thou art my ser« vant: 0 Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me:

22. I have (1) blotted(m) « out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, " and as a cloud thy sins : return unto “ me, for I have redeemed (n) thee. “ 23. Sing (0), O ye heavens, for the « LORD hath done it : shout ye lower

parts of the earth; break forth into sing“ ing ye mountains, O forest, and every " tree therein : for the LORD hath ref deemed Jacob, and glorified himself in “ Israel.” 24. Thus saith the LORD thy « redeemer, and he that formed thee from

“ the womb, “I am the LORD that maketh “ all things, that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth “ by myself ; 25. That frustrateth the “ tokens of the liars (P), and maketh di“ viners mad ; that turneth () wise min “ backward, and maketh (v) their know“ ledge foolish; 26. That confirmeth (0) " the word of his servant, and performed " the counsel of his messengers; that saith “ to Jerusalem, “Thou shalt be inhabited" « and to the cities of Judah, “ Ye shall « built, and I will raise up the decard “ places thereof;" 27. That saith to the

deep, “ Be dry (t), and I will dry up “ thy rivers :” 28. That saith of Cyrus (s), « He is my shepherd, and shall perform “ all my pleasure, even saying to Jeru“ salem, “Thou shalt be built (y)," and to

using disagreeable means without accomplishing any good end.

(b) v. 20. “ Deliver his soul,” i.e. “ extri“ cate himself from this delusion."

(i) v. 20. “ A lie, &c." i. e. perhaps, Is not

my strength, what I make my right hand, " that on which I depend, falsehood.”

(k) v. 21. “ My servant," "I have formed " thee, &c." The repetition of these and simi. lar expressions, intimates a strong anxiety on God's part to keep them to the true worship, and deter them from idolatry.

(l) v.22. “ Have blotted,” or “ blot," am " ready to blot.”

(m) v. 22. “ I have blotted, &c." or rather “ I have made thy transgressions vanish as a “ cloud, and thy sins as a vapour.” Bp. Lowth; and so Sept. and Heb.

(n) v. 22. “ For I have redeemed" or “that “ I may redeem.” Pole. “ And I will re« deem.” Sept.

() v. 23. “ Sing, &c.” a spirited apostrophe to heaven and earth to celebrate the deliverances God would effect ; calling upon them to join in thanksgiving and praise, as though the event had already happened, and intimating the greatness of the deliverance from the joy it would produce.

() v. 25. “ The liars," i. e. probably, “ heathen astrologers and magicians : preten“ ders to divine inspiration.” The Chaldeans were notorious for the practices of astrology and magic, and for pretensions to the powers of prophecy; and in the Babylonish captivity, to which this chapter looks forward, they would be able to judge of the Chaldean gods by ob

serving how far any of the predictions of their priests came to pass.

(9) v. 25. “ Turneth, &c.” i.e." by disap

pointing the expectations they had mid: “ by overturning their predictions."

(r) v. 25. “Maketh, &c.” i.e. by "* expo- • “ ing the folly of their pretended knowledge.

" () 7.26. « Confirmeth, &c." making plan the distinction between those who really are bis servants, and those who are only pretenders." () v. 27

• The deep, be dry,” or rather the abyss (i. e. Babylon) be desolate, Sept." 3

Hales 109.

(u) v. 27. “ Dry up, &c." It was by turning the course of the Euphrates, making its channel dry, and marching his troops through it, that Cyrus, about 173

years after this prediction, took Babylon, and rescued the Jews from the Babylonish captivity. Jeremiah has predictions referring to the same event, I speaking of Babylon, Jer. I. 38. he says, “ . “ draught is upon her waters, and they shalik “ dried up ;" and Jer. li. 36. “I will drie “ her sea, and make her springs dry, and la “ bylon shall become heaps, &c."

(x) v.28. “ Cyrus.” So that God metu tioned Cyrus by name above 100 his birth; and in the next chapter, Is. xlv. 4. be assigns this reason, “ For Jacob my servant's “ sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even calle

! “ thee by thy name ; I have surnamed the,

though thou hast not known me."

(y) v. 28. ^ Thou shalt be built, &c." God afterwards promised the Jews by Jeremiah “after seventy years be accomplish”d at Baby “ lon, I will visit you, and perform my good

years

before

temple, « Thy foundation shall be

CHAP. XLVI. (z) EL (a) boweth down, Nebo(a) stoop

eth, their idols were upon the beasts, | upon the cattle: your carriages were ivy loaden, they are a burden (6) to

weary beast. 2. They stoop, they w down together, they could not iver the burden, but themselves are ne into captivity. 3. Hearken unto , O house of Jacob, and all the rem. nt of the house of Israel, which are rne by me (c) from the belly, which are cried from the womb (d). 4. And even your old age (d) I am he, and even to ar hairs willIcarry (c)you: I have made, id I will bear; even I will carry and will eliver you. 5. To whom will ye liken e, and make me equal and compare me, lat we may be like? 6. They lavish old out of the bag, and weigh silver in le balance, and hire a goldsmith, and he laketh it a god : they fall down, yea, aey worship. 7. They bear him upon he shoulder, they carry him, and set aim in his place, and he standeth; from ris place shall he not remove : yea, one

u shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, " nor save him out of his trouble. 8. Re« member this, and shew yourselves " men (e): bring it again to mind, Oye “ transgressors. 9. Remember the former “ things of old, for I am God, and there " is none else; I am God, and there is none “ like me, 10. Declaring (f) the end “ from the beginning, and from ancient « times the things that are not yet done, “ saying, “ My counsel shall stand, and “ I will do all my pleasure :" 11. Calling

a ravenous bird (8) from the east, the

man (g) that executeth my counsel from a “ far country : yea, I have spoken it, I will “ also bring it to pass; I have purposed it, " I will also do it. 12. Hearken unto me “ ye stout-hearted, that are far from í righteousness. 13. I bring near my “ righteousness (b); it shall not be far off, " and

my

salvation shall not tarry: and I " will place (i) salvation in Zion for Israel “ my glory."

CHAP, LI. (k) “ LEARKEN to me ye that follow after

righteousness, ye that seek the " LORD: look unto the rock (l) whence ye

are hewn, and to the hole (1) of the pit

ford towards you, in causing you to return to his place. Jer. xxix. 10." See also Jer. xxv. 13. Shortly before the expiration of this iod, Darius the Mede, the father-in-law of rus, took Babylon; and in the 70th year, 5 years before the birth of Christ, Cyrus aurized the Jews to return to Judea to rebuild temple and the city, and ordered them sup. is. Ezra i. 2 to 4.-Josephus, B. 11. c. I. 3 Hales 108. (3) The weakness of idols contrasted with

power and foreknowledge of God. (a) v. I. “ Bel,” Nebo.” Two Babylonian

an

ance throughout the whole of life, from infancy to death.

(e) v. 8. “ Men,” “ by using your reason."

(f) v. 10. “ Declaring the end, &c." i.e. “ foretelling events before they happened:"God repeatedly refers to this power as a decisive proof of his divinity. See Isaiah xli. 25. 26. ante 619. ; Isaiah xliii. 10 to 12. ante 620.; and Isaiah xliv. 7. 8.

(8) “. 11. « A ravenous bird,”' or eagle," which was Cyrus's ensign. The ravenous bird,” and “the man that executeth my counsel,” both refer to Cyrus.

(6) v.13: " My righteousness," i. e.“ the « deliverance I promised." (i) v. 13 “ Place, &c."

give salva« tion in Zion, and my glory to Israel. Dr. Lowth.

(k) An exhortation to confidence in God, calling to mind his works of former times, and promises of deliverances.

(1) v. I. “ Rock," i. e. “ Abraham,” from whom, on account of his age, there was no more prospect of children, than of produce from the barren rock; and “ hole of the pit," or « deadness of the womb," whence ye pro.

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em.

(b) v. 1. “ Burden.” So far from being ds, they cannot move themselves, nor can ey exempt from fatigue those who carry (c) v. . 3. 4. “ Borne by me,' and “ I will carry you." Expressions intimating God's ndness towards them, and pointing out a rong difference between God and idols : God trries his people ; idols must themselves be irried by theirs. (d) v. 3. 4. “ From the womb, and even to your old age, &c.” a constant superintend

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whence ye are digged. 2. Look unto Abra- “8. Hearken unto me, ye that know right“ ham (m) your father, and unto Sarah (m) eousness, the people in whose heart is that bare you; for I called him alone (n), “ my law; fear ye not the reproach of “ and blessed him, and increased him. men, neither be ye afraid of their revil

. 3. For the LORD shall comfort Zion: “ ings. 8. For the moth shall eat them « he will comfort all her waste places, and up like a garment, and the worm shall « he will make her wilderness like Eden (0), « eat them like wool: but my righteousness " and her desert like the garden of the « shall be for ever, and my salvation from “ LORD: joy and gladness shall be found “ generation to generation. 9. Awake, “ therein, thanksgiving, and the voice “ awake, put on strength, O arm of the “ of melody. 4. Hearken unto me, my LORD; awake as in the ancient days in “ people (0), and give ear unto me, O “ the generations of old. Art thou not ill my nation (p): for a law (9)shall proceed “ that hath cut Rahab (z) and wounded the “ from me, and I will make my judgment " dragon (z)?. 10. Art thou not it which “ to rest (r) for a light of the people. “ hath dried the sea (a), the waters of the “ 5. My righteousness (s) is near; my sal- “ great deep; that hath made the depths 66 vation is gone forth, and mine arms shall “ of the sea a way for the ransomed (b) to “ judge the people (t): the isles (t) shall “ pass over? 11. Therefore (c) the re« wait upon me, and on mine arm shall « deemed of the LORD shall return, and - they trust. 6. Lift up (u) your eyes to " come with singing unto Zion, and ever“ the heavens, and look upon the earth “ Jasting joy shall be upon their head: they « beneath : for the heavens shall vanish « shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow away like smoke, and the earth shall wax " and mourning shall flee away. 12.1

, “ old like a garment, and they that dwell even I, am he that comforteth you: whe o therein shall die in like manner (x): but o art thou that thou shouldest be drid of « my salvation shall be for ever ; and

my a man that shall die, and of the din of “ righteousness shall not be abolished. man which shall be made as gras?

far

“ ceed ;" referring to Sarah, from whom there was still less chance of offspring. The meaning is, if God could in that instance go so beyond all human probability, he can do as great things now. In Rom, iv. 19. there is a similar allusion to the state of Abraham and Sarah, at the time when a son was promised them Gen. xviii. 10, “ he (Abraham) con6 sidered not his own body, now dead, when “ he was about an hundred years old, neither “ yet the deadness of Sarah's womb, but was “ strong in faith, being fully persuaded, that “ what God had promised, he was able also to “ perform."

(m) v. 2. “ Abraham," and “ Sarah.” “ Remember what was done for them : how, " beyond all human expectation, I made of “ them a great and powerful nation.”

(n) v. 2. “ Alone, i. e. (probably) “when " he had no child."

(6) 0. 3. “ Eden," i. e.“ paradise."

(D) v. 4. For “my people,” and “O my “ nation,” Bp. Lowth reads “ O ye people," and “ye nations ;” and two of Dr. Kennicot's MSS. sanction the former reading, and nine the latter. He considers it as applying to the call of the gentiles, to whom no doubt the latter part of this verse and verse 5 apply.

(9) v. 4.“ A law,” i. e. “ the gospel." 6. The Christian covenant." (r) v. 4:

To rest,” or “ break forth." “ To be a light to lighten the gentiles."

() v. 5. My righteousness," i.e. " the « deliverance I have promised; the gospel “ dispensation."

(t) v. 5. “ The people," and "the isles." i.e. " the gentiles," and " the places they « habit."

(u) v.6. “ Lift up, &c." a contrast betres the frailty of all created things, and the stabi lity of God's promises.

(x) v.6. " In like manner," or rather * an insect.”

(y) v.9. “Art thou not it, &c.” A spiritele ference to the deliverance from Egypt, to remind them what God had done, and still might da

(z) v.9. “ Rahab," i. e. “ Egypt." - The “ dragon,” i. e. “ Pharaoh.”

(a) v. 10.“ Dried the sea," i. “ Sea, when the Israelites passed through « Exod. xiv. 21.".

(6) v. 10. “ The ransomed,” i. e « from the “ Egyptian bondage," “the Israelites." (c.) v. 11. « Therefore,"

"se, in (6 manner.” Pole.

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3. And forgettest the LORD thy maker, at hath stretched forth the heavens, and id the foundations of the earth ? and ast feared continually every day, because f the fury of the oppressor, as if he were eady to destroy ? and where is (d) the ary of the oppressor? 14. The capve exile hasteneth that he may be loosed, nd that he should not die in the pit, nor hat his bread should fail. 15. But I m (c) the LORD thy God, that divided he sea (f ), whose waves roared : the ORD of hosts is his name. 16. And I lave put my word (g) in thy mouth, and ave covered thee (b) in the shadow of aine hand, that I may (i) plant the leavens and lay the foundations of the arth, and say unto Zion, “ Thou art my people.” 17. Awake, awake (k), stand ip, O Jerusalem, which hast drunk at he hand of the LORD the cup of his fury; thou hast drunken the dregs of

o the cup (1) of trembling, and wrung them

18. There is none to guide her “ among all the sons (m) whom she hath “ brought forth: neither is there any that “ taketh her by the hand, of all the sons that she hath brought up. 19. These “ two things are come unto thee: who “ shall be sorry for thee? desolation (n), and -- destruction, and (n) the famine, and the “ sword: by whom (6) shall I comfort thee?

20. Thy sons have fainted, they lie at “ the head of all the streets, as a wild bull “ in a net: they are full of the fury of “ the LORD, the rebuke of thy God, " 21. Therefore hear now this, thou " afflicted, and drunken, but not with “ wine (); 22. Thus saith thy Lord, the " LORD, and thy God that pleadeth the

cause of his people, “ Behold, I have " taken (9) out of thine hand the cup of “ trembling, even the dregs of the cup of

my fury, thou shalt no more drink it

d) v. 13. “ And where is, &c.” An intiman that it should be of but short continuance. (e) v.15. “But I am, &c.” “ Let him there. ore turn to me. Whenever you wish for deiverance from captivity or any other trouble, t is from me, who have done so much for 'ou, you ought to seek it.” (f) v. 15: “The sea," i.e. “ the Red Sea ;"

in alluding to that signal instance of his wer and protection. (3) v. 16. “ Put my word, &c.”i. e.“ gave thee my law;" another instance of peculiar our.

“'What nation was there so great, that had statutes and judgments so righteous, as the law God set before his people ?" Deut. iv. The superiority of the Mosaic law, the wism of its regulations, and their peculiar fitness : the then state of the Israelites, is admirably istrated in Dr. Greaves's excellent lectures on the Pentateuch. (b) v. 16. “ Covered thee, &c.” i. e. “In thy march to Canaan," a strong mode of pressing God's protection: so Is. xlix. 2. In the shadow of his hand hath he hid me.” (i) v. 16. “May," rather "might." The lusion seems to be the original establishment the people of Israel after their deliverance om Egypt. “ Planting the heavens,” and

laying the foundation of the earth," are figuitive expressions for establishing a government. Iede 448, 449. 616.

(k) v.17. "A wake, awake, &c.” After sugesting the true way of obtaining deliverance, an nimated appeal to rouse them to resort to it.

“ Does the captive exile hasten that he may be “ loosed, &c. let him then awake, and turn to “ him who already has, and alone can, give « deliverance."

(!) v. 17. “ The cup, &c." Bp. Lowth observes, « The bold image of the cup of “ God's wrath is no where handled with

greater force than in this passage, 17--23. “ Jerusalem is represented in person as stag

gering under the effects of it, destitute of " that assistance she might expect from her “ children : not one of them able to support “ or lead her: They, abject and amazed, lie at " the head of every street, overwhelmed with “ the greatness of their distress : like the oryx “ intangled in a net, in vain struggling to rend “ it, and escape. This is poetry of the first “ order, sublimity of the highest proof.”'

(m) v. 18. “ None to guide her amongst all the sons, &c.” It is from God alone therefore she can have deliverance.

(n) v. 19. “ Desolation, &c.” i. e. “ deso“ lation by famine,” and “ destruction by the “ and famine," or rather “s

even “ famine.''

(c) v. 19. “ By whom, &c.” or rather 6 who shall comfort thee?"' who but God: who accordingly gives them comfort, verse 22. 23.

(p) v.21. • Not with wine, but with misery and the cup of trembling : as much overpowered with distress, as a

drunken man is with wine, (9.) v. 22. “ I have taken, &c." this may

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« Sword,'

“ again ; 23. But I will put it into the " hand of them that afflict thee : which “ have said to thy soul, “ Bow down, that " we may go over :" and thou hast laid thy « body as the ground, and as the street to 66 them that went over."

CHAP. LIII. (r)
WH

HO hath believed (s) our re

port (t)? and to whom is the

“ arm of the LORD (u) revealed? 2. For(x) “ he (7) shall grow up (z) before him as a « tender plant (a), and as a root(a) out of a “ dryground: he hath no form(a)nor come“ liness: and when we shall see him, there « is no beauty(a) that we should desirehim.

3. He is despised (6) and rejected of « men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted “ with grief: and we hid (c) as it were

our faces from him; he was despised

refer to times not yet arrived: when the Jews shall have adopted the means referred to in verse 15. of turning with their whole hearts unto God. See Isaiah xi. II.

(r) A prophetic account of the backwardness of man to believe that Christ was the Messiah, of the simplicity of his appearance, his rejection, treatment, and passion, of the cause and object of his sufferings, to make an atonement for the sins of man, and to procure man's redemption, of his burial, and future exaltation. The account is so plain and cir. cumstantial that it looks almost like a history of what had happened, rather than a prophecy of what would happen, and yet is there no doubt of its existence long before our Saviour's appearance. Dr. Hales has given a translation of it with Notes, 2 Hales 440.

and many parts of it are commented upon ex. plained and illustrated in Dr. Magee's valuable work upon Atonement and Sacrifice.

(s) v. 1. “ Who hath believed ;” an intima. tion that there would be a disinclination, not a readiness, to believe. This passage is referred to by St. John, John xii. 37. 38. “Though “ he had done so many miracles before them, “ yet they believed not on him, that the saying of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled,'' (or so that the saying was fulfilled) “ which he “ spake, “ Lord, who hath believed our report, « and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been " revealed ;” and by St. Paul, Rom. X. 16. *** But they have not all obeyed the gospel, for « Esaias saith, “ Lord, who hath believed our

“ (or makes) bare his holy arm in the eyes of “ all the nations, and all the ends of the wall « shall see the salvation of our God." Th meaning therefore is, who will believe at bi coming that in Jesus Christ is fulfilled the report “thy God reigneth ;” and who will s derstand, or to whom will it be known, that in him hath the Lord made bare his holy 2m, to display his salvation to the ends of the fark

(x) v. 2. “ For, &c.” The reasons why belief is not readily given ; because he has no grandeur, pomp, or outward marks of great ness, nothing the worldly-minded that ato tractive.

(y) v. 2. “ He,” i. q. “ the Messalito ferred to in the preceding chapter, f. 51 “ Behold, my servant shall deal prudenti, le « shall be exalted, and extolled, and be very

new

« high."

Luke ii. 51.

(2) v. 2. “ Grow up, &c.” Referring Peta haps to (as it was undoubtedly verified in) te humility of his birth, parentage, and early lite The reputed son of a carpenter, Matt. In 56.-Mark vi. 3 ; laid in a manger, upd his birth, because there was no room in the ing Lu. ii. 7; and afterwards living with Joseph til carpenter, and Mary, and subject unto the

(a) v. 2. “ As a tender plant ;" “ out of a dry ground ; " " no form or centen “ liness ;'' “' no beauty, &c." All figurati expressions to denote the want of external and attraction.

(b) v. 3. “ Despised.” This is not only prophecy which foretells the sert the Messiah should experience; he is refered og Is. xlix. 7. as “ him whom man despiseta, “ whom the nations abhorreth;" and is a prophetic Psalm (Ps. xxii. 6.) he is represente as saying of himself “ I am a worm and no ma

a very scorn of men, and the outcast of el people, &c."

(c) 0. 3. “Wehid, &c.”i.e. "he was treats as one of whom men are ashamed, from what

they turn their face.” The marginal reading in the Bible, which Bp. Lowth and Dr. Hal follow is, “ He hid as it were his face fram

“ report.'

(t) v. 1. “ Our report." i. e. the "

report " mentioned, Isaiah lii. 7.." of him that bring“ eth good tidings, that publisheth peace, that si bringeth good tidings of good, that pub“ lishcth salvation, that saith unto Zion, thy " God reigneth." See Rom. x. 15.

(u) v.1. “ The arm of the Lord." « The means God should use to bring salvation unto os man.” It alludes to a passage in the preceding chapter, Isaiah li. 10. announcing the deliver. ance by the Messiab, « The Lord hath made

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