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are upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth (c). 18. And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear, shall fall (d) into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit, shall be taken in the snare : for the windows from on high are open (e), and the foundations of the earth do shake. 19. The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly. 20. The earth shall Teel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage, and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it, and it shall fall, and not rise again. 21. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth. 22. And they shall be gathered together as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.
23. Then the moon (f) shall be confounded, and the sun (1) ashamed, when() the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.”
will exalt thee, I will praise thy " name; for thou hast done wonderful
things; thy counsels of old are faithfulos ness and truth. 2. For thou hast inade " of a city an heap; of a defenced city, a “ ruin: a palace of strangers (i) to be no “ city, it shall never be built (i). 3. There“ fore shall the strong people glorify (k) “ thee, the city of the terrible nations shall “ fear thee. 4. For thou hast been a “ strength to the poor, a strength to the “ needy in his distress, a refuge from the " storm, a shadow from the heat, when - the blast of the terrible ones is as a storm “ against the wall (1). 5. Thou (m) shalt « bring down the noise of strangers, as " the heat in a dry place; even the heat " with the shadow of a cloud : the branch « of the terrible ones shall be brought low. 66 6. And in this mountain shall the LORD “ of hosts make unto all people a feast (n) “ of fat things, a feast of wines on the “ lees, of fat things full of marrow, of " wines on the lees well refined. 7. And “ he will destroy in this mountain the face
(c) 0.17.“ Earth,” i.e. probably, “ Judea.” (d, v.18. “ Shall fall, &c.” The dangers all be so numerous, that by evading one, a an shall only fall into another. So Amos 19.“ As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him ; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him.” (e) v. 18. “ Open," " to send forth God's judgments.” U) v. 23. “ The moon,” and “the sun,"
" the chief rulers." Mede 449. · Or “the moon" may mean “the people," and "the
» “ their ruler.” Sir I. Newton. Lowth 187. (g) v. 23. “ When, &c.”
This may (perps) refer to a period not yet arrived. b) An hymn of triumph and thanksgiving : king back upon past deliverances, and forird to future blessings, and to the times of essiah: perhaps to some events not yet acmplished. (1) v. 2. “ Strangers," or “ oppressors,"
deceivers ;" “ built," i.e. “ rebuilt.” (4) v. 3. “ Glorify,"i.e. probably, “turn to thy worship.”
(?) v. 4. “ A storm against the wall,” or a “ winter storm" Bishop Lowth. or“ an in“ undation of water."
(m) v. 5. The meaning perhaps is, “ Thou “ shalt frustrate the violence of strangers, with i as much ease and as suddenly and effectually
as thou frustratest the effect of heat upon a “ dry place by interposing the shadow of a
cloud." The translation might perhaps be,
as the heat upon a dry place, so is the vio“ lence of strangers : thou removest the heat by “ the shadow of a cloud." (Even so) the “.branch or exultation of the terrible ones shall “ be brought low, or clouded over." The verb used in the original for “ brought low,” probably comes from the same root with what signifies “ a cloud," and the resemblance of sound probably produced the expression.
(n) v.6. “A feast, &c.” i.e. « the Christian “ dispensation. 1 Barr. 49." Or it may refer specially to that period, in Is. ii. 2. ante, when " the mountain of the Lord's house shall be “ established in the top of the mountains, &c. « and all nations shall flow unto it, &c."; and in 1s. xi. 9. ante, “ when they shall not hurt “ nor destroy in all God's holy mountain.”
" of the covering (6) cast over all people, " and the veil (6) that is spread over all na“ tions. 8. He will swallow up (P) death « in victory, and the Lord God will wipe
away tears from off all faces, and the “ rebuke (9) of his people shall he take away
from off all the earth: for the “ LORD hath spoken it. 9. And it shall be “ said in that day, “ Lo this is our God,
we have waited for him, and he will save us;
this is the LORD, we have waited for “ him, we will be glad, and rejoice in his u salvation. 10. For in this mountain « shall the hand of the LORD rest (r) and « Moab (r) shall be trodden down under « him, even as straw is trodden down for the “ dunghill. 11. And he shall spread forth 66 his hands in the midst of them, as he " that swimmeth spreadeth forth his hands " to swim : and he shall bring down their “ pride together with the spoils of their “ hands. 12. And the fortress of the high u fort of thy (1) walls shall he bring down, “ lay low, and bring to the ground, even to 66 the dust."
« which keepeth the truth mày enter in. “ 3. Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, “ whose mind is stayed on thee: because 16 he trusteth in thee. Trust Te in « the LORD for ever: for in the LORD " JEHOVAH is everlasting strength,
5. For he bringeth down them that “ dwell on high, the lofty city he layeth “ it low; he layeth it low, even to the “ ground, he bringeth it even to the dust
, « 6. The foot shall tread it down, even " the feet of the poor, and the steps of “ needy. 7. The way of the just is po “ rightness: thou, most upright, bet “ weigh the path of the just (z). 8. Y “ in the way of (a) thy judgments, O LORD « have we waited for thee; the desire
our soul is to thy name, and to the le « membrance of thee. 9. With my soul « have I desired thee in the night, yea “ with my spirit within me will I seek the “ early: for when thy judgments of in “ the earth, the inhabitants of the world « will learn righteousness. 10. Let “ favour (6) be shewed to the widel
, “ will he not learn righteousness; in the “ land of uprightness will he deal unjust, “ and will not behold (6) the majesty of the 6 LORD.
11. LORD (C), when thy hand is lifted up, they will not see: but they shall
see, and be ashamed for their envy at the “ people, yea the fire of thine enemies
CHAP. XXVI. (1) N that day (u) shall this song be sung « 1. in the land of Judah, “ We have “ a strong city, salvation (x) will God ap“ point for walls and bulwarks. 2. Open " ye the gates, that the righteous nation (y)
a cast upon
() v. 7. “ The face of the covering,” and " the veil,” i. e, either “ the marks of mourn"ing," or " ignorance."
6) v. 8. “ Swallow up, &c.” “ When this “ corruptible shall have put on incorruption, “ and this mortal shall have put on immor“ tality, then shall be brought to pass the say
ing that was written, “ Death is swallowed
them in their distress, that theirs “ could not be the true God, who could suffer “ them to be so depressed.”
(1) v. 10. “ Rest,” or “ give rest.” Bp. Lowth.-" Moab," i. e.“ God's adversaries; the people who opposed his religion. See ante, Is. xi. 14. and the note there.
(s) v.12." Thy," i.e. (perhaps) “Moab's;" the places that oppose true religion ; or it may mean, that God will bring down the fortress of the fort of the walls of his holy mountain, because it will no longer stand in need of human means for its protection; for (as in the first verse of the following chapter)
“ salvation will God appoint for walls 24 “ bulwarks."
(1) A hymn, upon a renewal of God's kind ness, calling to mind past misconduct, but pro fessing perfect confidence in future protectiou
. (u) v. 1. “ That day.” Some period in the times of the Messiah : a period referred to the preceding chapter.
(se) v. I. ' Salvation," i.e. bis protecting instead of human means.
(y) v. 2. “ The righteous nation." Rete haps“ all righteous people;" or "an intinde « tion that at the time referred to, the Jan o should deserve this appellation."
(z) v.7. Bp. Lowth reads, " The war of “ the just is strait : thou most exactly levelet
, “ &c." And then the idea is figurative, that God relieves the upright from all difficulties.
(a) v. 8.“ In the way of," i. e. perhapa “ during." (6) v. 10. “ Let favour, &c.” Neither kint
. ness nor example will affect him. i.e. "
regard." (c) v.11. The Sept. translation is, “ Lobo
shall devour them. 12. LORD, thou wilt ordain peace for us : for thou also hast wrought (d) all our works in us. 13. O LORD our God, other lords besides thee have had dominion over us: but by thee (e) only will we make mention (f) of thy name. 14. They are dead, they 'shall not live ; they are deceased, they shall not rise: therefore hast thou (8) visited and destroyed them, and made all their memory to perish. 15. Thou hast increased the nation, O LORD, thou hast increased the nation, thou art glorified; thou hast removed it far unto all the ends of the earth. 16. LORD, in trouble have they (k) visited thee, they (k)
“ poured out a prayer when thy chastening “ was upon them(k). 17. Like as a woman " with child that draweth near the time of “ her delivery, is in pain, anil crieth out “ in her pångs ; so have we been in thy " sight, O LORD. 18. We have been “ with child, we have been in pain, we “ have as it were brought forth wind, we “ have not wrought any deliverance in the “ earth, neither have the inhabitants of the “ world fallen. 19. Thy dead (i) men shall “ live, together with my dead body (k) shall “ they arise : awake and sing ye that dwell
in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of “ herbs (1), and the earth shall cast (m) out ct the dead. 20. Come my people, enter (n)
thy hand has been lifted up, and they have not seen : but they shall see, and be ashamed. Sorrow shall seize the people that will not learn ; and even now, the fire destroyeth those who have set themselves against thee.” b. Lowth reads, "They shall see with confusion thy zeal for thy people ; yea, the fire shall burn up thine adversaries."
() v. 12. “Thou also hast wrought, &c.” .e. " whatever we have done, is to be ascribed 14 to thy aid.”
(-) v. 13. “ By thee, &c.” i. e. (perhaps) we have had such wonderful deliverances from thee, as constrain us to make thee alone the object of our worship." v) v.13. “ Make mention of," i. e. “ call upon, invoke, worship.” One of the innctions to the Israelites was, Exod. xxiii. 13. make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth." (8) v.14. “ Therefore hast thou," or rather because thou hast.” A distinction may be tended between those whom God visits with ath for their wickedness, and the righteous, ho die in the course of nature, and who may referred to in verse 19. by the appellation **tby" (i.e. God's) “dead :" that the former all not rise to future happiness, the latter all. See 2 Graves's Lectures 248.—Peters Job, 223 to 226.-Mede 578. (b) They” and “ them,” or per. ps we” and “us." (i) v.19. “Thy dead," i.e. (probably) they ho, according to Balaam's wish, Numb. xxiii. >.“ die the death of the righteous;" or, in the nguage of Rey, xiv. 13. * die in the Lord.” () v. 19. For
together with my dead body, &c.” read “the corpses shall be raised;"
my corpses". (i. e. they who die for y name, for professing my religion) “shall be raised." Mede 578. "Lightfoot gives
the passage this meaning : “ Thy dead (i. e. they who are at present dead to thee, the Gentiles) “ shall live, together with my (i.e. the Messiah's) “ dead body shall they " arise :” making their conversion, their being raised from a spiritual death, the thing referred to. 2 Lightfoot, 590. 1105.
(1) v. 19. “ The dew of herbs.” Perhaps a proverbial expression, to denote extraordinary refreshment or invigoration. It may signify here, that the dead should receive as signal a revival, as parched grass does from a. strong dew. Or it might mean, that the multitude of bodies raised should be as numerous as the drops of morning dew, i.c. innumerable.
(m) v. 19. “ Cast out,” or “ yield up." Bp. Lowth observes upon this verse, that it shews clearly that the doctrine of a resurrection was at that time common. In Dan. xii. 2. 3, that idea is most unequivocally expressed : “ Many of them that sleep in the dust shall “ awake, some to everlasting life, and some " to shame and everlasting contempt : and “ they that be wise shall shine as the bright,
ness of the firmament, and they that turn
many to righteousness as the stars for ever “ and ever." The passages upon this point are collected, and the question fully discussed, in the third part of Dr. Graves's Lectures, Lect. 4. See Ps. xvii, 16.-Ps, xlix.-Ps. xv, -and Ps. lxxii. 23,
(n) v. 20. “ Enter, &c.” An intimation. that in the time of God's visitation they should escape. During the destruction of the first born of Egypt, it was an injunction to the Israelites, that none of them should “ go out • of the door of his house until the morning." (See Exod. xii. 22.) and the direction here to enter into their chambers, &c. implied that they should now meet with a similar deliver, ance.
“ thou into thy chambers, and shut thy “ doors about thee; hide thyself as it were « for a little moment, until the indignation “ be overpast. 21. For behold, the LORD “ cometh out of his place to punish the « inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity : rs the earth also shall disclose her blood, « and shall no more cover her slain.
CHAP. XXX. (n)
saith the LORD, that take counsel, “ but not of me; and that cover (6) with « a covering, but not of my spirit, that “ they may add sin to sin : 2. That walk “ to go down into Egypt, (and have not “ asked at my mouth) to strengthen them“ selves in the strength of Pharaoh, and " to trust in
the shadow of Egypt. 3. Therefore shall the strength of “ Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust “ in the shadow of Egypt your confusion.
4. For(p) his princes were at Zoan, (6 and his ambassadors came to Hanes.
5. They (@) were all ashamed of a people « that could not profit them, nor be an help
nor profit, but a shame, and also a re. “ proach. 6. The burden (r) of the beasts “ of the south : into the land (s) of trouble " and anguish, from whence come the ૮૮ young
and old lion, the viper and fiery si
flying serpent, they will carry their
“ riches upon the shoulders of
young asses, and
their treasures upon the « bunches of camels, to a people that shall as not profit them." 7. For the Egyptians u shall help in vain, and to no purpose : " therefore have I cried concerning this, “ Their strength (t) is to sit still. 8. Now
go, write it before them in a table, and “ note it in a book, that it may be for the “ time to come for ever and ever : 9. That “ this is a rebellious people, lying children ( children that will not hear the law " the LORD: 10. Which say to the seers (u), “See not;” and to the
PIC “phets, “ Prophesy not unto us night
things (x), speak unto us smooth things “ prophesy deceits : 11. Get you out d “ the way (y), turn aside out of the path “ cause the holy One of Israel to cease (a " from before us.”
12. Wherefore this “ saith the holy One of Israel, “ Because
ye despise this word, and trust in opptes“ sion and perverseness, and stay therean:*
13. Therefore this iniquity shall be to
you as a breach ready to fall, swelling “ out in a high wall, whose braking o cometh suddenly at an instant. 14. “ he shall break it as the breaking of the “ potters vessel, that is broken in pieces " he shall not spare; so that there shall “ not be found in the bursting of it, a s sherd to take fire from the hearth,
(n) A severe rebuke for looking for help to man instead of God; an intimation that God would shew forbearance, that the people might turn to him, and that he would then take ample vengeance upon their adversaries. refer to the destruction of Sennacherib's army in Hezekiah's time; but it probably referred also to more distant judgments, and perhaps in part to times not yet complete. It was perhaps written in the time of Ahaz.
(o) v. 1. “ Cover, &c.” i, e. " “ selves under Egypt, not under me.”
(p) v. 4. The reading should perhaps be, “ For his princes were dismayed, his ambassa“ dors of no avail :" or, “His rulers were • in dismay, his princes laboured (or were “ weary) to no purpose.”.
This seems the meaning of the Hebrew. “Hancs,” or “Tanis," Egypt. Schindler 1558. Or, for “for” read “ when;" and then « Zoan” and “ Hanes' will stand for places in Egypt.
(9) v.5." They," i. e. "the Egyptians."
(s) v. 6. “ The burthen, &c." i.e. (pre bably) this shall be the cry against the Jew for their folly in bribing the Egyptians, lading the beasts of the south (i. e. of Egyp with their treasures. (s) v.
6. “ Into the land, &c.” to the s of the verse.
“ This is the cry.” An intim tion that they were giving their treasures til people who would do them harm, not good (t) v.7.
" Their strength, &c.” Tüd as sence will do more good than their aid.
(u) v. 10. “ Seers,” who had communa tions from God. (x) v. 10.
Right things,” i. e, the truth what God really imparts, "least it should unfavourable.
(y) v. 11. “ Get ye out of the way i.e. “ avoid, as far as possible, communica « tions from God, instead of seeking them."
(2) v. 11. “ To cease, &c." i.e. " let “ have no communications from him."
ike water withal out of the pit. 15. For rus saith (a) the LORD God, the holy One of Israel, “ In returning and rest hall ye be saved, in quietness and in onfidence shall be your strength ;” and e would not. 16. But ye said, “ No, or we will flee upon horses ;" therefore hall ye flee : and, “ We will ride upon ne swift ;' therefore shall they that ursue you be swift. '17. One thouind shall flee at the rebuke of one: at le rebuke of five shall ye (6) flee, till e be left as a beacon (c) upon the top fa mountain, and as an ensign on an
18. And therefore (d) will the LORD wait that he may be gracious unto ou, and therefore will he be exalted, hat he may have mercy upon you : for he LORD is a God of judgment (e); lessed are all they that wait for him. 9. For the people shall dwell in Zion at erusalem : thou shalt weep no more : e will be very gracious unto thee, at he voice of thy cry; when he shall hear t, he will answer thee, 20. And though he LORD give (f) you the bread of dversity, and the water of affliction, ret shall not thy teachers be removed nto a corner any more, but thine eyes
« shall see thy teachers: 21. And thiné « ears shall hear a word behind thee, say: 66 This is the
ye “ when ye turn to the right hand, and “ when ye turn to the left. 22. Ye shall “ defile (g) also the covering of thy graven “ images of silver, and the ornament of “ thy molten images of gold : thou shalt “ cast them away as a menstruous cloth ; " thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.
23. Then shall he give the rain (b) of thy “ seed that thou shalt sow the ground " withal, and bread of the increase of the “ earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: “ in that day shall thy cattle feed in large
pastures. 24. The oxen likewise and “ the young asses that ear the ground, “ shall eat clean provender (i) which has ( been winnowed with the shovel and with “ the fan. 25. And there shall be upon
every high mountain, and upon every “ high hill, rivers(k), and streams of waters, “ in the day of the great slaughter (1), “ when the towers (m) fall. 26. Moreover " the light of the moon shall be as the light " of the sun, and the light of the sun shall “ be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, “ in the day that the Lord bindeth up the “ breach (11) of his people, and healeth the
2) v. 15
" said.” It proly refers to a communication God had pre made them. b) v. 17. “ re," i. e. “ the whole nation." 3p. Lowth thinks the reading should * ten thousand,” and considers `Isaiah as rring to Deut. xxxii. 30. “ How should ne chase a chousand, and two put ten thouand to Aight, except their Rock had sold hem, and the Lord bad shut them up :" intimation what might be the consequence they persisted in deserting God, and he erted them. c) v. 17.
“ As a beacon," i. e. “ alone,” olitary, " without people." d) v. 18. “And therefore,” or “neverthe
“ Be exalted," or " expect." He will bear, that
you may turn to him, and then will
most particularly cautioned was idolatry, (see Deut. vii.25.-Deut. xii. 2.3.), which implied a distrust of God's superintendance and power. (b) v. 23.
“ The rain of,” or rather“ rain " for."
(i) v. 24. “ Clean provender.” There shall be such plenty, that they shall be able to separate the best for them : they shall have no occasion to eat the refuse.
(k) v. 25. “ Rivers, &c." So that the tops of the hills and mountains, which are usually barren, shall be as productive as richi vallies : and as plenty produces joy, so shall there he great joy in Judah, in the day of the great slaughter, when God bindeth up the breach of his people.
(1) v. 25: “ The great slaughter," i.e. “ of “ the enemies of God's people ;" referring probably, in the first instance at least, to the Assyrians.
(m) v. 25. “ Towers," or mighty.” Bp. Lowth.
(n) v. 26. “ Bindeth up the breach of,”, i. e. either “takes again into favour, is recon. “ ciled unto,” or “ rescues them from adver. sity, relieves their distress.”
e) v. 18.“ Judgment,” i. e. “ bearance, long-suffering.” (f) “ Give," or rather “ hath
(8) v. 22. “ Defile also, &c." An intiman that they should act zealously up to God's mmands. The sin against which they were