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ox. 5. A faithful witness will not lie : but a false witness will utter lies. 6. A scorner seeketh wisdom, and findeth it not (f): but knowledge is easy unto (3) him that understandeth. 7. Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou perceivest not in him the lips of knowledge. 8. The wisdom of the prudent is to understand his way : but the folly (1) of fools is deceit. 9. Fools make a mock at sin (i): but among the righteous there is favour (i). 10. The heart (k) knoweth his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his joy. u. The house of the wicked shall be overthrown: but the tabernacle of the upright shall flourish. 12. There is way

which seemeth right unto a man; but the end thereof are the ways of death. 13. Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful; and the end of that mirth is heaviness. 14. The backslider in heart shall be filled with his own ways: and a good man shall be satisfied from himself. 15. The simple believeth (l) every word: but the prudent man looketh well to his going. 16. A wise man feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth and is confident (m). 17. He that is soon angry dealeth foolishly : and man of wicked devices is hated. 18. The simple inherit folly : but the prudent are crowned with knowledge.

19. The evil bow before the good : and the wicked at the gates of the righteous. 20. The poor is hated even of his own neighbour: but the rich hath many friends. 21. He that despiseth his neighbour sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy is he.

22. Do they not err that devise evil? but mercy and truth shall be to them that devise good. 23. In all labour there is profit: but the talk of the lips (n) tendeth only to penury. 24. The crown (o) of the wise is their riches : le the foolishness of fools is folly. 25.4 true witness delivereth souls: but a de ceitful witness speaketh lies. 26. In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge. 27. The fear of the Lord is a foustain of life, to depart () from the suares of death. 28. In the multitude of people is the king's honour: but in the want of people is the destruction of the prince. 29. that is slow to wrath is of great

under. standing : but he that is hasty of spix exalteth (7) folly. 30. A sound hean (rju the life of the flesh: but


the rechte ness of the bones. 31. He that oppreseth the poor reproacheth his maker: but he that honoureth him (s) hath mercy on

32. The wicked is driven away (t) in his wickedness : but the righte



the poor:

(m) v. 16. "

Rageth and is confident," i, e. “ has no fear, but boldly and madly ventures

ri on.”

(n) v. 23:

“ ward,


“ foily.”

(f) 9.6. “ Findeth it not,” because he doth not seek it at the proper time or in a proper manner : if he wait till fear cometh as desolation and destruction as a whirlwind, ante, Prov. i. 27. he seeks it too late ; and if he seeks it without giving up his scornful habits he does not seek it in a proper temper.

(g). v. 6. Easy unto," i. e. “ easily found (h) v. 8. “ Folly," i. e. “ study.” The wise study of the one (i. e. his wisdom) contrasted with the foolish and wicked study of the other (i.e. his folly.)

(i) v.9. “ Make a mock at sin,” i.e. (perhaps) injure others out of sport ; make “ malevolence a diversion.” “ Favour," i. e. (perhaps) inclination to do acts of kind.

(k) v. 10. “ The heart, &c." i. e. “ " but himself can know exactly a man's inward “ feelings : the misery he endures, or the hap. “ piness he enjoys."

(!) v.15. "Believeth, &c." i.e. « is easily imposed upon ; has no caution.”

“ The talk of the lips," i.e. “ wasting time in useless talk, idleness." (6) v. 24. “ The crown," i. e. " the mo

or, “ the prudent use they make a “ them adds to their renown; whilst the ock “ distinction or recompence fools obtain a

(p) v. 27. “ To depart,” i.e. " to cause so “ depart, to turn." See Prov. xi. 14. (9) v. 29.

Exalteth,” i. e. “ makes is “ conspicuous."

(r) v. 30. “ A sound heart, &c." j.e. “ content and benevolence prolong life : envy “ shortens it, as much as rottenness, &c." (s) v. 31.

“ Him,"

," i. e. “ his maker." (t) v. 32.

“ Driven away," i.e. “ iu de “ spair,” when distress or death come upon him, he is without hope; he has nothing to look


si ness."


up to.

merry heart

ous hath hope in his death. 33. Wisdom resteth (u) in the heart of him that hath understanding : but that which is in the midst of fools is made known. 34. Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people. 35. The king's favour is toward a wise servant: but his wrath is against him that causeth shame.


but grievous words stir up (*) anger. 2. The tongue of the wise useth knowledge aright: but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness. 3. The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good. 4. A wholesome tongue is a tree of life: but perverseness therein is a breach in the spirit (y). 5. A fool despiseth his father's instruction : but he that regardeth reproof is prudent. 6. In the house of the righteous is much treasure : but in the revenues of the wicked is trouble. 7. The lips of the wise disperse knowledge: but the heart of the foolish doth not so. 8. The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright is his delight. 9. The way of the wicked is an abomination unto the LORD: but he loveth him that followeth after righteousness. 10. Correction is grievous unto him that forsaketh (2) the way: and he that hateth reproof shall die. 11. Hell and destruction are before the LORD: how much more then the hearts of the children of men ? 12. A scorner loveth not one that reproveth him: neither will he go unto the wise. 13. A

merry (a) heart maketh a chearful counte. nance : but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken. 14. The heart of him that hath understanding seeketh knowledge: but the mouth of fools feedeth on foolishness. 15. All the days of the (b) afflicted are evil : but he that is of hath a continual feast. 16. Berter is little with the fear of the LORD, than great treasure and trouble therewith. 17. Better is a dinner of herbs (c) where love is, than a stalled (c) ox and hatred therewith. 18. A wrathful man stirreth up strife : but he that is slow to anger appeaseth strife. 19. The way

of the slothful man is as an hedge of thorns (d): but the way of the righteous is made plain. 20. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish man despiseth (e) his mother. 21. Folly ( ) is joy to him that is destitute of wisdom : but a man of understanding walketh uprightly. 22. Without counsel purposes are disappointed: but in the multitude of counsellors they are established. 23. A man hath joy by (g) the answer of his mouth : and a word spoken in due season, how good is it! 24. The way of life is above (b) to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath. 25. The LORD will destroy the house of the proud: but he will establish the border of the widow. 26. The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the Lord: but the words of the pure are pleasant words. 27. He that is greedy of gain troubleth his own house; but he that hateth gifts (i) shall live. 28. The heart of the righteous studieth to answer : but the mouth of the wicked poureth (k) out evil

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(u) v. 33. " Resteth,” i. e. “ remains quiet,” without making an idle and unseasonable display : the same sentiment as Prov. xii. 23. " A prudent man concealeth knowledge."

(x) v. I. “ Stir up," i. e. “ increase.” (y) 9.4.

A breach in the spirit,” or “a “ desolating blast.”. Literally, * shivering or “ destruction by a blast."

(z) v. 10. " That forsaketh the way,” i.e. " the wicked."

(a) v. 13. 15. "Merry," or "contented.” (b) v. 15. “ AMicted," or " discontented."

(c) v. 17. “ A dinner of herbs," i.e. “ the " meanest fare." « A stalled ox," i. e. “ the “ richest repast."

(d) v. 19. “ As an bedge of thorns." Full

of difficulties and obstructions : always something to impede his progress.

(e) v. 20. “ Despiseth,” or “ distresseth." (f)

v. 21. “ Folly,” or “ sin." He delights in sin as much as a wise man does in righteous

(8) v. 23. “By," or “ according to." His joy is in proportion to the sense of what he says.

(b) v. 24. “ Is above, &c." i.e. the wise has God in all his thoughts : he regulates his conduct by God's laws.

(i) v. 27. “ Gifts,” i. e. “ bribes ; what is “ improperly acquired."

(k) v. 28, “ Poureth out.” Without consideration ; without waiting to think.


things.29. The Lord is far from the wicked: but he heareth the prayer of the righteous. 30. The light of the eyes rejoiceth the heart : and a good report maketh the bones fat. 31. The ear that heareth (1) the reproof of life abideth among the wise.

32. He that refuseth instruction despiseth (m) his own soul : but he that heareth reproof getteth understanding. 33. The fear of the LORD is the instruction of wisdom (n); and before (n) honour is humility.

HE preparations of the heart in man,

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the Lord. 2. All () the ways of man are clean in his own eyes : but the LORD weigheth the spirits. 3. Commit thy works unto the LORD, and thy thoughts () shall be established. 4. The Lord hath made (9) all things for (9) himself: yea, even the wicked (r) for the day of evil. 5. Every one that is proud in heart, is an abomina. tion to the LORD: though hand join in hand, he shall not be unpunished. 6. By mercy and truth iniquity is purged ; and by the fear of the LORD, men depart from evil. 7. When a man's ways please the LORD, he maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him. 8. Better is a little with righteousness, than great revenues without right. 9. A man's heart deviseth his way: but the Lord directeth (s) his steps. 10. A divine sentence is in the lips of the king : his mouth transgresseth not in judgement. 11. A just weight and balance are the

Lord's: all the weights of the bag are his work. 12. It is an abomination to kings to commiż wickedness : for the throne established by righteousness. 13. Righteous lips are the delight of kings: and they love him that speaketh right. 14. The wrath of a king is as messengers of death (t), but a wise man will pacify (2) it. 15. In the light of the king's countenance is life, and his favour is as a cloud of the lata rain. 16. How much better is it to me wisdom, than gold ? and to get unds

. standing, rather to be chosen than sila 17. The high-way of the upright in depart from evil: he that keepeth his way, preserveth his soul.

18. Pride goeth beau fore (x) destruction: and a haughty spirt before a fall. 19. Better it is to be of ze humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud. 20. He thit handleth a matter wisely, shall find gard: and whoso trusteth in the Lord happy : he. 21. The wise in heart shall be cle. prudent, and the sweetness of the less increaseth (2) learning. 22. Underst23) ing is a well-spring of life unto hinta hath it: but the instruction of fools is fok. 23. The heart of the wise teacheth his mouth, and addeth learning to his lips. 24. Pleasant words are as an honey-comb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones. 25. There is a way that seemeth right un a man: but the end thereof are the ways of death. 26. He that laboureth, labourets for himself; for his mouth craveth it him. 27. An ungodly man diggethu evil : and in his lips there is as a burning,

(s) v.9.


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(1) v. 31.

“ Heareth,' i. e. willingly;" 6 attendeth to."

(m) v. 32. Despiseth," i.e." disregardeth; “ treats contemptuously.” (n) v. 33

“ The instruction of wisdom," “ what wisdom teaches." " Before ho“ nour,” i. e. “ the way to honour."

(c) v. 2. All, &c.However man may impose upon others, or even upon himself, he cannot impose upon God.

(p) v. 3. “ Thoughts,” or “ wishes.”
(9) v. 4.

“ Hath made,” or “ ordaineth." “ For himself,” i. e. “ for his own purposes, " or glory.

(r) v.4. “ The wicked, &c." Either as instruments to execute his vengeance, or as examples to undergo it.

“ Directeth,” or

" controlled He cannot go beyond what God allows. (t) v. 14.

“ As messengers of derde Likely to be followed by the destructure those who are its objects. So Prov. II.?! “ The wrath of a king is as the roaring “ lion: whoso provoketh him to

anger, against his own soul," i. e.

“ hazardeth his « life.”

(u) v. 14. “ Pacify," i.e. “ do what he can
to pacify, for there is no resisting it."
(x) v. 18. “ Goeth before," i.e." lezdett

(y) v. 21. “ Sweetness of the lips,"... “ eloquence,” or “ a kind mamer of speaking

(2) v. 21. “ Increaseth," i. e," sets of “ makes more valuable."


e. 28. A froward man soweth strife, d a whisperer separateth chief friends. ). A violent man enticeth his neighbour, d leadeth him into the way that is not od. 30. He shutteth his eyes to devise ward things: moving his lips he bringeth il to pass. 31. The hoary head is a :wn of glory, if it be found in the way

righteousness. 32. He that is slow to ger, is better than the mighty: and he it ruleth his spirit, than he that taketh city: 33. The lot is cast into the lap: t the whole disposing thereof (a) is of · LORD.

repeateth a matter, separateth very friends. 10. A reproof entereth more into a wise man, than an hundred stripes into a fool. 11. An evil man seeketh only rebellion : therefore a cruel messenger (e) shall be sent against him. 12. Let a bear robbed of her whelps meet a man, rather than a fool in his folly. 13. Whoso rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house. 14. The beginning of strife is as when one letteth out water (f): therefore leave off contention, before it be meddled with. 15. He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, even they both are abomination to the LORD. 16. Wherefore (8) is there a price in the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seeing he hath no heart to it? 17. A friend loveth at all times, and a brother is born (b) for adversity. 18. A

void of understanding striketh hands (i), and becometh surety in the presence of his friend. 19. He loveth transgression that loveth strife : and he that exalteth his gate (k) seeketh destruction. 20. He that hath a froward heart findeth no good: and he that hath a perverse tongue

falleth into mischief. 21. He that begetteth a fool doeth it to his sorrow: and the father of a fool hath no joy. 22. A merry heart doeth good like a medicine : but a broken spirit drieth the bones. 23. A wicked mon taketh a gift (1) out of the bosom (l) to pervert the ways of judgment. 24. Wisdom is before (m) him that hath understanding; but the eyes of a fool are in the ends of the earth (n). 25. A foolish

CHAP. XVII. ETTER is a dry morsel, and quietness

therewith, than a house full of sacri. es (b) with strife. 2. A wise servant all have rule over a son that causeth ime: and shall have part of the inheriice among the brethren. 3. The finingt is for (c) silver, and the furnace for ld, but the LORD trieth the hearts.

A wicked doer giveth heed to false lips : Pd a liar giveth ear to å naughty tongue.

Whoso mocketh the poor, reproacheth z maker : and he that is glad at calamities, all not be unpunished. 6. Childrens ildren are the crown of old men ; and e glory of children are their fathers.

Excellent speech becometh not a fool : sich less do lying lips a prince. 8. A ct is as a precious stone in the eyes on that hath it: whithersoever it turneth, Dit prospereth. 9. He that covereth a ansgression (d), seeketh love ; but he that



(c) v.3:

" Surety."

(a) v. 33. “Disposing thereof." There is thing which God's hand cannot regulate : en in the casting of lots he can fix the event. 1. strong intimation of the extent of his power. (b) v. 1. “ Sacrifices,” or “ abundance."

6 Is for, &c.” i.e. “ as the fining pot and the furnace try the precious metals, so the Lord trieth the hearts." (d) v.9. “ Covereth a transgression," or overlooks or conceals an indignity." See nte, note on Prov. xii. 16. (e) v. II. “A cruel messenger, &c." i. e. he shall be severely punished. (f) v. 14. As when one letteth out

water,” which cannot be brought back or controlled. The meaning probably is, the ffects of strife cannot be foreseen or checked.

(8) v. 16. “ Wherefore," i.e. « to what “ purpose.” It is of no service to supply a fool with the means of getting wisdom, he will never use them.

(b) v. 17. “ Born for," “ most useful in." (i) v. 18. “ Striketh hands,'' i.e.“

engages, “ pledges himself,” the same as “ becoming

(k) v. 19. “ Exalteth his gate," i.e.." is “ proud, or insolent.”

“ A gift," i.e.“ a bribe,". " of the bosom," i.e. “ brought secretly and “ clandestinely."

(m) v. 24. " Before," i.e. “ always in the “ view of," " never lost sight of," “ his guide." (n) v.24. " In

“ In the ends of the earth,” i.e. (perhaps) “ gazing upon what he cannot dis« tinctly see :" so that whether it will guide

(1) v. 23.

» out

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son is a grief to his father, and bitterness to her that bare him. 26. Also to punish the just is not good, nor to strike princes for equity. 27. He that hath knowledge spareth his words: and a man of understanding is of an excellent spirit. 28. Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise : and he that shutteth his lips is esteemed a man of understanding.

ETTER is the poor that walketh in his

integrity, than he that is perverse in his lips (©), and is a fool. 2. Also, that the soul (p) be without knowledge, it is not good : and he that hasteth with his feet(9), sinneth. 3. The foolishness of man perverteth his way (r): and his heart fretteth against the LORD. 4. Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbour (s). 5. A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall not escape. 6. Many will intreat the favour of the prince (t); and every man is a friend to him that giveth gifts, 7. All the brethren (u) of the poor do hate him : how much more do his friends


far from him? he pursueth them with words, yet they are wanting to him. 8. He that

getteth wisdom, loveth (*) his own sou. he that keepeth understanding, shall good. 9. A false witness shall not be punished, and he that speaketh lies perish. 10. Delight (y) is not seemly ízre fool: much less for a servant to haver: over princes. 11. The discretion of a mas deferreth his anger, and it is his gier pass over a transgression, 12. The ty wrath is as the roaring of a lion (AK his favour is as dew upon the grass. / foolish son is the calamity of his 31 and the contentions of a wife artis tinual dropping (a). 14. House anda are the inheritance of (6) fathers ; 2 prudent wife is from the LORD 15.50 fulness casteth into a deep sleep (0) ;; an idle soul shall suffer hunger. 16. that keepeth the commandment, ker his own soul (d); but he that despised!

17. He that hath pitre the poor, lendeth unto the LORD; that which he hath given, will he per again, 18. Chasten thy son while the hope, and let not thy soul spare fix. crying. 19. A man of great wat suffer punishment : for if thou dele him, yet thou must do it again. 2.13 counsel and receive instruction, thu: 31

way shall die.

“ good to," goes

to prace; 253

Dic. 329..

as likely to be

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him well or not, and whether it is worth pursuing or not he cannot know.

(6) v. 1. “ Lips, and is a fool,” or ways, « and is rich.' i Kenn. 509. Parkh. Heb. « Than the rich, who is

perverse & in his lips.” Grot. « Than the rich who " is perverse in his ways, and a fool.” Pole,

(o) v.2. “ That the soul, &c." or more literally, " a soul (or being) without know“ ledge is not good, or, has nothing good."

(9) v. 2. " Hasteth with his feet," i.e. “ hurries on without thought ;" acts without consideration : a rash man.

(n) v.3. “ Perverteth his way, &c.” i. e. “ either leads him into wrong courses,” or “ frustrates his atlempts ;” and then he mur. murs against providence for the distresses to which his own folly brings him.

(s) 0.4. “ From his neighbour.” They who are nearest to him disregard him.

(t) v. 6. “ The prince." The great have many followers.

(u) v. 70 “ T'he brethren," even they who are nearest to him in blood desert him : much more they who had no tie but friendship.

(x) v. 8. “ Loveth,” i.e. “ genes de


way if he loved.

is Delight," i, e aplicat Joy is as much misplaced when cukorda him, as the rule over princes is simples when conferred upon a servant. (z)

0. 12. As the roaring of a lice" o much to be dreaded ; destruction, In Prov. xvi. 14. “ of a king is said to be as let! “ death."

(a) v. 13. “ A continual dropping,
must at last wear a man out."
(6) v 14:

“Are the inheritance of,". « descend from.” A man's ancestor give him wealth : a prudent wife is a gut but God can bestow.

(c) v. 15. “ Sleep," hours in which subsistence ought to be tained.

(d) .. 16. “ Keepeth his own socl," 16 shall live.''

(e) v. 19. “ Deliver," or " bearance or lenity will never checks Lim.

so as to wast: 7


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