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reat riches. 8. The ransom (n) of a man's fe are his riches : but the poor heareth ot rebuke. 9. The light of the righteous ejoiceth (6): but the lamp of the wicked iall be put out. 10. Only by pride ometh contention : but with the welldvised () is wisdom. 11. Wealth gotten by inity (y) shall be diminished : but he that athereth by labour, shall increase. 12. Hope eferred maketh the heart sick : but when le desire (r) cometh, it is a tree of life. 3. Whoso despiseth the word (s) shall be estroyed : but he that feareth the comrandment (s), shall be rewarded. 14. The w of the wise is a fountain (1) of life, to epart (u) from the snares of death. 5. Good understanding giveth (*) favour : ut the way of transgressors is hard (x). 6. Every prudent man dealeth with knowedge: but a fool layeth open his folly. 7. A wicked messenger falleth into mishief: but a faithful ambassador is health. 8. Poverty and shame shall be to him that efuseth instruction : but he that regardeth eproof, shall be honoured. desire accomplished is sweet to the soul: but it is abomination (y) to fools to depart

from evil. 20. He that walketh with wise men shall be wise : but a companion of fools shall be destroyed. 21. Evil puro sueth sinners : but to the righteous, good shall be repayed. 22. A good man leaveth an inheritance to his childrens children (2): and the wealth of the sinner is laid up for, the just. 23. Much food is in the tillage of the poor : but there is that is destroyed (a) for want of judgment. 24. He that spareth his rod, hateth his son : but he that loveth him, chasteneth him betimes. 25. The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul : but the belly of the wicked shall want.


VERY wise woman buildeth her

house (6): but the foolish plucketh it down with her hands. 2. He that walketh in his uprightness, feareth the LORD : but he that is perverse in his ways, despiseth him. 3. In the mouth of the foolish is a rod of pride (c): but the lips of the wise shall preserve them. 4. Where no oxen (d) are, the crib (d) is clean : but much increase (e) is by the strength of the

19. The

(a) v. 23:

has; and another, who has great abundance, rom not properly employing it, not being better than the poor,

(1) v. 8. “ The ransom, &c.” i.e. (proably) his wealth brings upon him many ttacks, because he is known to have the neans of buying them off : whilst the poor are :flunmolested, because from them nothing an be got. () v.9.

Rejoiceth,” i. e. “ is bright ; burneth clear." (p) v.7o. “ Well advised," “ those who are not too proud to take advice.” (g) v. 11. " Vanity,” i. e. “ undue means," ! not by labour.” (r) v. 12. “ The desire," i. e. “ what was wished.” (-) v. 13.

“ The word,” and “ the commandment," i.e. probably, " of God.(t) v. 14.

“ Is a fountain, &c.” The same said Prov. xiv. 27. of “ The fear of the Lord." See the next page. (u) v. 14:

Depart," or « deter," move." (*) v. 15. “ Giveth,”

« procureth ;' is hard," rather“ dislike, or ill will."

(y) v. 19. “ It is an abomination to fools, '&c.” so that they cannot expect to have

their desires accomplished, because that accomplishment must come from God.

(z) v. 22. “ Children's children." The meaning probably is, that a good man's riches continue long in his family, a wicked man's are soon


“ There is that is destroyed." The meaning probably is that "The tillage “ and industry of the poor supplies him with “ abundance : whilst want of judgment or in“ discretion sweeps away the riches of the " wealthy, and brings him to destruction." The contrast is between industry in the one, and idleness and folly in the other.

(6) v. 1. “ Buildeth her house,i. e. “at" tends to its concerns," advances its welfare.

(c) v. 3. “ A rod of pride," " what shall “ punish their pride." The same idea as Ps. lxiv. 8. “Their own tongues shall make " them fall."

(d). 1.4. “ No oxen,” i.e." no agriculture “ or industry.” “ The crib is clean,” or “ the “barn or granary is empty,” in a state of famine.

(e) v.4. “ Increase," i. c.“ profit." Neglect of agriculture or idleness causes poverty ; attention to it or industry, wealth.



ox. 5. A faithful witness will not lie: but à false witness will utter lies. 6. A scorner seeketh wisdom, and findeth it not (f): but knowledge is easy unto (8) him that understandeth. 7. Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou perceivest not in him the lips of knowledge. 8. The wisdom of the prudent is to understand his way : but the folly (b) of fools is deceit. 9. Fools make a mock at sin (i): but among the righteous there is favour (i). 10. The heart (k) knoweth his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his joy. u. The house of the wicked shall be overthrown: but the tabernacle of the upright shall fourish. 12. There

which seemeth right unto a man; but the end thereof are the ways of death. 13. Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful; and the end of that mirth is heaviness. 14. The backslider in heart shall be filled with his own ways: and a good man shall be satisfied from himself. 15. The simple believeth (1) every word : but the prudent man looketh well to his going. 16. A wise man feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth and is confident (m). 17. He that is soon angry dealeth foolishly : and man of wicked devices is hated. 18. The simple inherit folly: but the prudent are crowned with knowledge.

19. The evil bow before the good : and the wicked at the gates of the righteous. 20. The poor is hated even of his own neighbour: but the rich hath many friends. 21. He that despiseth his neighbour sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy is he. 22. Do they not err that devise evil? but mercy and truth shall be to them that devise good. 23. In all labour there is profit: but the talk of the lips (») tendeth only to penury. 24. The crown (o) of the wise is their riches: le the foolishness of fools is folly. 25.4 true witness delivereth souls: but a de ceitful witness speaketh lies. 26. In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge. 27. The fear of the Lord is a fourtain of life, to depart() from the snares of death. 28. In the multitude of people i the king's honour: but in the want of people is the destruction of the prince. 29. He that is slow to wrath is of great onder standing : but he that is hasty of saints exalteth (g) folly. 30. A sound hean (ris the life of the flesh: but envy the rotten ness of the bones. 31. He that oppreseth the poor reproacheth his maker: but he that honoureth him (s) hath mercy ca

32. The wicked is driven away (t) in his wickedness : but the righte

is a way


the poor.

to by."

(f) v. 6. “ Findeth it not,” because he doth not seek it at the proper time or in a proper manner : if he wait till fear cometh as desolation and destruction as a whirlwind, ante, Prov. i. 27. he seeks it too late ; and if he seeks it without giving up his scornful habits he does not seek it in a proper temper.

(8) v. 6. “ Easy unto," i. e. “casily found (h) v. 8. “ Folly," i. e. “ study.” The wise study of the one (i.e. his wisdom) contrasted with the foolish and wicked study of the other (i.e. his folly.)

(i) v.9.“ Make a mock at sin," i.e. (perhaps) injure others out of sport ; make “ malevolence a diversion." “ Favour," i. e. (perhaps) “ an inclination to do acts of kind.

(k) v. 10. “ The heart, &c." i. e. “none " but himself can know exactly a man's inward

feelings : the misery he endures, or the hap" piness he enjoys."

(l) 0.15. "Believeth, &c." i.e. « is easily imposed upon; has no caution."

(m) v. 16."

Rageth and is confident," i.e. “ has no fear, but boldly and madly ventures si on.”

(n) v. 23. “ The talk of the lips," i.e. “ wasting time in useless talk, idleness.”

(0) v. 24. “ The crown," i. e," the re “ ward,' or, “ the prudent use they make of “ them adds to their renown ; whilst the odly “ distinction or recompence fools obtain a “ foily."

(p) v. 27. To depart," i.e. “ to cause to “ depart, to turn." See Prov. xiii. 14. (9) v. 29.

“ Exalteth,” i. e. « makes it “ conspicuous." (r) v. 30.

“ A sound heart, &c." į. e. content and benevolence prolong life : enry 6 shortens it, as much as rottenness, &c." (s) v. 31.

“ Him,” i.e. “ his maker." (1) v.32.

“ Driven away," i.e. “ iu de“ spair,” when distress or death come upon him, he is without hope; he has nothing to look


up to.

us hath hope in his death. 33. Wisdom esteth (u) in the heart of him that hath nderstanding : but that which is in the sidst of fools is made known. 34. Righte. usness exalteth a nation : but sin is a eproach to any people, 35. The king's ivour is toward a wise servant: but his rrath is against him that causeth shame.


A ,

but grievous words stir up (x) anger. • The tongue of the wise useth knowdge aright: but the mouth of fools o-ureth out foolishness. 3. The eyes of le LORD are in every place, beholding le evil and the good. 4. A wholesome ongue is a tree of life: but perverseness herein is a breach in the spirit (y). 5. A fool lespiseth his father's instruction : but he hat regardeth reproof is prudent. 6. In he house of the righteous is much treasure : sut in the revenues of the wicked is rouble. 7. The lips of the wise disperse knowledge: but the heart of the foolish doth not so. 8. The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright is his delight. 9. The way of the wicked is an abomination unto the LORD: but he loveth him that followeth ifter righteousness. 10. Correction is rievous unto him that forsaketh (2) the vay : and he that hateth reproof shall die. 11. Hell and destruction are before the LORD: how much more then the hearts if the children of men ? 12. A scorner bveth not one that reproveth him: nei. her will he go unto the wise. 13. A

merry (a) heart maketh a chearful countenance : but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken. 14. The heart of him that hath understanding seeketh knowledge: but the mouth of fools feedeth on foolishness. 15. All the days of the (6) afflicted are evil : but he that is of a merry heart hath a continual feast. 16. Better is little with the fear of the LORD, than great treasure and trouble therewith. 17. Better is a dinner of herbs (c) where love is, than a stalled (c) ox and hatred therewith. 18. A wrathful man stirreth up strife : but he that is slow to anger appeaseth strife. 19. The way of the slothful man is as an hedge of thorns (d): but the way of the righteous is made plain. 20. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish man despiseth (e) his mother. 21. Folly (f) is joy to him that is destitute of wisdom: but a man of understanding walketh uprightly. 22. Without counsel purposes are disappointed: but in the multitude of counsellors they are established. 23. A man hath joy by (g) the answer of his mouth: and a word spoken in due season, how good is it! 24. The way of life is above (b) to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath. 25. The LORD will destroy the house of the proud: but he will establish the border of the widow. 26. The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the Lord: but the words of the pure are pleasant words. 27. He that is greedy of gain troubleth his own house; but he that hateth gifts (i) shall live. 28. The heart of the righteous studieth to answer : but the mouth of the wicked poureth (k) out evil

0. 21.


(u) 0.33; “ Resteth," i.e. “ remains quiet," rithout making an idle and unseasonable dislay: the same sentiment as Prov. xii. 23.

A prudent man concealeth knowledge.” (x) v. I. “ Stir up," i. e. “ increase.” (y) 0.4. “ A breach in the spirit,” or “a desolating blast.”. Literally, “ shivering or destruction by a blast." (z) v. 10. " That forsaketh the way," i. e. the wicked.” (a) v. 13. 15. Merry," or contented." (b) v.15.

“Amicted," or “ discontented." (c) v. 17. “ A dinner of herbs," i.e. “ the meanest fare." « A stalled ox," i. e. “ the richest repast." (d) v. 19. “ As an bedge of thorns." Full

of difficulties and obstructions : always something to impede his progress.

(e) v. 20. “ Despiseth," or " distresseth."

(f) Folly,” or “ sin.” He delights in sin as much as a wise man does in righteous.

(8) v. 23. “By,” or “ according to.” His joy is in proportion to the sense of what he says.

(b) v. 24. “ Is above, &c." i. e. the wise has God in all his thoughts: he regulates his conduct by God's laws.

() . 27. “ Gifts,” i.e. “bribes; what is “ improperly acquired.”

(k) v. 28. “ Poureth out.” Without consideration ; without waiting to think.


things. 29. The Lord is far from the wicked: but he heareth the prayer of the righteous. 30. The light of the eyes rejoiceth the heart : and a good report maketh the bones fat. 31. The ear that heareth (1) the reproof of life abideth among the wise. 32. He that refuseth instruction despiseth (m) his own soul : but he that heareth reproof getteth under'standing. 33. The fear of the LORD is the instruction of wisdom (n); and before (n) honour is humility.

THE preparations of the heart in man,

and the answer of the tongue is from the Lord. 2. All (o) the ways of man are clean in his own eyes : but the LORD weigheth the spirits. 3. Commit thy works unto the LORD, and thy thoughts () shall be established. 4. The LORD hath made (9) all things for (9) himself: yea, even the -wicked (r) for the day of evil. 5. Every one that is proud in heart, is an abomination to the LORD: though hand join in hand, he shall not be unpunished. 6. By mercy and truth iniquity is purged ; and by the fear of the LORD, men depart from evil. 7. When a man's ways please the LORD, he maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him. 8. Better is a little with righteousness, than great revenues without right. 9. A man's heart deviseth his way: but the Lord directeth (s) his steps. 10. A divine sentence is in the lips of the king : his mouth transgresseth not in judgement. 11. A just weight and balance are the

Lord's : all the weights of the bag are his work. 12. It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness. 13. Righteous lips are the delight of kings: and they love him that speaketh right. 14. The wrath of a king is as messengers of death (t), but a wise man will pacify (u) it

, 15. In the light of the king's countenance in life, and his favour is as a cloud of the latter rain. 16. How much better is it to me wisdom, than gold ? and to get unds. standing, rather to be chosen than silve! 17. The high-way of the upright is a depart from evil: he that keepeth his way, preserveth his soul. 18. Pride goeth be fore(x) destruction: and a haughty spitt before a fall. 19. Better it is to be of an humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud. 20. He that handleth a matter wisely, shall find good: and whoso trusteth in the LORD happy is he. 21. The wise in heart shall be cald prudent, and the sweetness of the lips/g) increaseth (2) learning. 22. Understanding is a well-spring of life unto him that hath it: but the instruction of fools is folly. 23. The heart of the wise teacheth his mouth, and addeth learning to his lips. 24. Pleasant words are as an honey-comb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones. 25. There is a way that seemeth right unto a man: but the end thereof are the ways d death. 26. He that laboureth, laboureth for himself; for his mouth craveth it of him. 27. An ungodly man diggeth up evil : and in his lips there is as a burning

(1) v. 31. “ Heareth," i. e. “ willingly;" attendeth to."

(m) v. 32.“ Despiseth," i.e. “disregardeth; “ treats contemptuously.” (n) v. 33.

“ The instruction of wisdom,” i. e. “ what wisdom teaches.” “Before ho“ nour," i. e. “ the way to honour."

(0) v. 2. “ All, &c.” However man may impose upon others, or even upon himself, he cannot impose upon God.

(b) v.3. “ Thoughts," or "wishes."

(9) “ Hath made,” or " ordaineth." • For himself," i. e. “ for his own purposes, " or glory."

(r) v.4. « The wicked, &c." Either as instruments to execute his vengeance, or as examples to undergo it.

(s) v. 9.
“ Directeth," or

(6 controllet." He cannot go beyond what God allows. (t) v. 14.

As messengers of death Likely to be followed by the destructise of those who are its objects. So Prov. XI. 31 “ The wrath of a king is as the roaring of a “ lion : whoso provoketh him to anger, sinneth “ against his own soul," i. e. « hazardeth les a life.”

(u) v. 14. “ Pacify," i.e. “do what he can to pacify, for there is no resisting it."

(x) 2. 18. “ Goeth before," i.e. “ leadeth “ unto.”

(y), v. 21. “ Sweetness of the lips," i. eloquence,” or “a kind mamer of speaking

(z) v. 21. “ Increaseth," i. e, “ sets off " makes more valuable."

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re. 28. A froward man soweth strife, mnd a whisperer separateth chief friends. 9. A violent man enticeth his neighbour, nd leadeth him into the way that is not pod. 30. He shutteth his eyes to devise oward things: moving his lips he bringeth wil to pass. 31. The hoary head is a own of glory, if it be found in the way frighteousness. 32. He that is slow to nger, is better than the mighty : and he at ruleth his spirit, than he that taketh city: 33. The lot is cast into the lap: at the whole disposing thereof (a) is of e LORD.

repeatėth a matter, separaieth very friends. 10. A reproof entereth more into a wise man, than an hundred stripes into a fool. 11. An evil man seeketh only rebellion : therefore a cruel messenger (e) shall be sent against him. 12. Let a bear robbed of her whelps meet a man, rather than a fool in his folly. 13. Whoso rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house. 14. The beginning of strife is as when one letteth out water (f): therefore leave off contention, before it be meddled with. 15. He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, even they both are abomination to the LORD. 16. Wherefore (g) is there a price in the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seeing he hath no heart to it? 17. A friend loveth at all times, and a brother is born (b) for adversity. 18. A

void of understanding striketh hands (i), and becometh surety in the presence of his friend.

19. He loveth transgression that loveth strife: and he that exalteth his gate (k) seeketh destruction. 20. He that hath a froward heart findeth no good: and he that hath a perverse tongue falleth into mischief. 21. He that begetteth a fool doeth it to his sorrow : and the father of a fool hath no joy. 22. A merry heart doeth good like a medicine : but a broken spirit drieth the bones. 23. A wicked mon taketh a gift (1) out of the bosom (l) to pervert the ways of judgment. 24. Wisdom is before (m) him that hath understanding; but the eyes of a fool are in the ends of the earth (n). 25. A foolish

CHAP. XVII. 2ETTER is a dry morsel, and quietness

therewith, than a house full of sacri. CES (6) with strife. 2. A wise servant all have rule over a son that causeth ame: and shall have part of the inherince among the brethren. 3. The finingit is for (c) silver, and the furnace for old, but the LORD trieth the hearts.

A wicked doer giveth heed to false lips : ad a liar giveth ear to á naughty tongue. . Whoso mocketh the poor, reproacheth is maker : and he that is glad at calamities, hall not be unpunished. 6. Childrens hildren are the crown of old men ; and e glory of children are their fathers.

Excellent speech becometh not a fool: uch less do lying lips a prince. 8. A ft is as a precious stone in the


of in that hath it: whithersoever it turneth,

prospereth. 9. He that covereth a insgression (d), seeketh love ; but he that


la) v. 33. “Disposing thereof." There is thing which God's hand cannot regulate : en in the casting of lots he can fix the event. strong intimation of the extent of his power. (6) 0.1. “ Sacrifices," or " abundance.” (c) 0.3. " Is for, &c." i.e. " as the fining pot and the furnace try the precious metals, so the Lord trieth the hearts.” (d) v.9. “ Covereth a transgression," or overlooks or conceals an indignity." See te, note on Prov. xii. 16. (e) v.11.“ A cruel messenger, &c." i. e. he shall be severely punished.” () v. 14. As when one letteth out water," which cannot be brought back or otrolled. The meaning probably is, the Eects of strife cannot be foreseen or checked.

(8) v. 16. “ Wherefore," i.e. « to what

purpose.” It is of no service to supply a fool with the means of getting wisdom, he will never use them.

(b) v. 17. “ Born for," “ most useful in.”

(i) v. 18. “ Striketh hands,'' i.e.“engages, “ pledges himself," the same as “ becoming « Surety."

(k) v. 19.“ Exalteth his gate," i.e.." is “ proud, or insolent."

(1) v. 23. “ A gift," i. e. “ a bribe," " out

of the bosom," i.e. “ brought secretly and “ clandestinely."

(m) v.24. " Before," i.e. " always in the “ view of," " never lost sight of," " his guide."

(n) v. 24. “ In the ends of the earth," i.e. (perhaps) “ gazing upon what he cannot dis* tinctly see :" so that whether it will guide

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