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seekest her as (t) silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasures: 5. Then shalt thou understand (w) the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge (x) of God. 6. For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding. 7. He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: he is a buckler to them that walk uprightly. 8. He keepeth the paths of judgement (y), and preserveth the way of his saints. 9. Then shalt thou understand righteousness, and judgement, and equity : yea, every good path. 10. When wisdom entereth into thine heart, and knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul; 11. Discretion shall preserve thee, understanding shall keep thee : 12. To deliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man that speaketh froward things. 13. Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness: 14. Who rejcice to do evil, and delight in the frowardness of the wicked. 15. Whose ways are crooked, and they froward in their paths (2). 16. Tó deliver thee from the strange woman, even from the stranger which flattereth with

with her words ; 17. Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God. 18. For her house inclineth unto death, and her paths unto the dead. 19. None that go unto her return again, neither take they hold of the paths of life. 20. That thou (a) mayest walk in the way of good men, and keep the paths of

the righteous. 21. For the upright shall ; dwell in the land, and the perfect shall s remain in it. 22. But the wicked shall i be cut off from the earth, and the trans

gressors shall be rooted out of it.”

Y son, forget not my law; but let

thine heart keep my command“ ments: 2. For length of days, and long “ life, and peace shall they add to thee.

Let not mercy and truth forsake “ thee: bind them about thy neck, write " them upon the table of thine heart. « 4. So shalt thou find favour, and good “ understanding in the sight of God and

5. Trust in the LORD with all 66 thine heart; and lean not unto thine “ own understanding. 6. In all thy ways “ acknowledge him, and he shall direct “ thy paths. 7. Be not wise in thine own

eyes : fear the LORD, and depart from « evil. 8. It shall be health to thy navel, " and marrow to thy bones. 9. Honour “ the LORD with thy substance, and with 66 the first-fruits of all thine increase. “ 10. So shall thy barns be filled with “ plenty, and thy presses shall burst out (6 with new wine. 11. My son, despise “ not the chastening of the LORD: neither “ be weary of his correction. 12. For or whom the LORD loveth, he correcteth,

even as a father the son, in whom he “ delighteth. 13. Happy is the man that “ findeth wisdom, and the man that get“ teth understanding. 14. For the mer66 chandize of it is better than the mer“ chandize of silver, and the gain thereof " than fine gold. 15. She is more precious " then rubies : and all the things thou - canst desire, are not to be compared " unto her. 16. Length of days is in her “ right hand : and in her left hand riches « and honour. 17. Her ways are ways of « pleasantness, and all her paths are peace. 18. She is a tree of life to them that lay “ hold upon her; and happy is every one

* thy voice for;" expressions to signify an anxious desire and strenuous attempts to obtain knowledge and understanding.

(1) v.4. “ As," i. e. with as much earnestness as you would for silver or hidden treasures.

(u) v. 5. “ Understand," i. e. “ “ blessings of.” (x) v. 5.

« Knowledge," or " regard, , countenance, protection, assistance.”

(y) v. 8. “ Judgment," or "the just,” who cause or promote or execute justice and judg

reap the

ment. In the preceding verse, and in the latter branch of this, he is speaking, not of what God is in himself, but of what he does for the good.

(2) v.15. “ Whose ways are crooked, and “ paths froward.”

(a) v. 20. “ That thou mayest walk, &c." governed in construction by verse 11. The third effect of discretion and understanding. The first is deliverance from evil men, (verse 12 to 15.) the second from evil women, (perse 16. to 19.), and this is the third.

" that retaineth her. 19. The LORD by « wisdom hath founded the earth; by

« understanding hath he established the A LORD! but a just weight is his delight.

CHAP. XI. FALSE balance is abomination to the

22. So

* heavens. 20. By his knowledge the " depths are broken up, and the clouds « drop down the dew. 21. My son, let « not them depart from thine eyes: keep « sound wisdom and discretion. " shall they be life unto thy soul, and

grace to thy neck. 23. Then shalt thou

walk in thy way safely, and thy foot u shall not stumble.

24. When thou k liest down, thou shalt not be afraid : " yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep a shall be sweet.

25. Be not afraid of a sudden fear, neither of the desolation of w the wicked, when it cometh. 26. For * the Lord shall be thy confidence, and « shall keep thy foot from being taken: « 27. Withhold not good from them to of whom it is due, when it is in the power a of thine hand to do it. 28. Say not * unto thy neighbour, “Go and come « again, and tò-morrow I will give;" when ks thou hast it by thee. 29. Devise not * evil against thy neighbour, seeing (6) he k dwelleth securely (c) by thee. 30. Strive « not with a man without cause, if he

have done thee no harm. 31. Envy t thou not the oppressor, and choose none * of his ways. 32. For the froward is 16 abomination to the LORD: but his se"cret (dl) is with the righteous. 33. The

curse of the Lord is in the house of the * wicked: but he blesseth the habitation " of the just. 34. Surely he scorneth to the scorners : but he giveth grace unto «s the lowly. 35. The wise shall inherit v glory, but shame shall be the promo* tion (e) of fools."

2. When pride cometh, then cometh shame: but with the lowly is wisdom. 3. The integrity of the upright shall guide them but the perverseness of transgressors shall destroy them. 4. Riches profit not in the day of wrath : but righteousness deliverek from death. 5. The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness 6. Tie righteousness of the upright shall deliv: them: but transgressors shall be taken a their own naughtiness. 7. When a wicked man dieth, his expectation (f) shall perish and the hope of unjust men perisheth

. 8. The righteous is delivered out of troub's and the wicked cometh in his stead. 9. An hypocrite with his mouth destroyeth his neighbour: but through knowledge sh?" the just be delivered. 10. When it Francis well with the righteous, the city rejacent and when the wicked perish, there ! shouting. u. By the blessing of the upright the city is exalted : but it is one thrown by the mouth of the wicket 12. He that is void of wisdom despiseth his neighbour: but a man of understanding holdeth his peace. 13. A talebearer revealeth secrets : but he

that is of a faithfe" spirit concealeth the matter. 14.

Where no counsel is, the people fall: but in the multitude of counsellors there is safer

. 15. He that is surety for a stranger smart for it: and he that hateth sureurship is sure. 16. A (1) gracious woman ret1 eth honour: and strong men retain richen 17. The merciful man doeth good to

even him

woman bring


(6) v. 29. " Seeing, &c." or w that dwelleth securely by thee.”

(c) v. 29. " Securely," i. c. “ quietly and « without suspicion," doing thee no wrong, and expecting none from thee.

(d) v. 32. “ Secret," or " protection."

(e) 0.35. « The promotion," the only distinction they shall obtain.”

( v.7. “ His expectation, &c.” The meaning probably is, * The wicked can have « no hope (fear he may) as to what is to hap

to him after death." All his hopes must be confined to this life.

(s) 0. 12. “ Despiseth,” or “ eritina “ reproacheth."

(6) v. 16. Read, “ a gracious “ eth honour to her husband, but she la “ hateth righteousness, reproach. The mica " if slothful, shall come to poverty: « industrious shall retain his wealth.” This a warranted by the Greek, Arabic, and Syra and the verse as it now stands, has no antiile it wants that opposition in the two branche: the verse which runs throughout the chapen See 1 Kennic Diss. 508.

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such as

own soul: but ke that is cruel troubleth his own flesh. 18. The wicked worketh a

CHAP. XII. deceitful (i) work: but to him that soweth 7 HOSO loveth instruction, loveth righteousness shall be sure reward. 19. As righteousness tendeth to life : so he reproof, is brutish (m). 2. A good man obthat pursueth evil pursueth it to his own taineth favour of the LORD: but a man of death. 20. They that are of a froward wicked devices will he condemn. 3. A heart are abomination to the LORD: but man shall not be established by wicked

are upright in their way are his ness : but the rooi of the righteous shall lelight. 21. Though hand join in hand, the not be moved. 4. A virtuous woman is wicked shall not be unpunished: but the a crown to her husband : but she that reed of the righteous shall be delivered. maketh ashamed, is as rottenness in his 22. As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, bones. 5. The thoughts of the righteous

(k) is a fair woman which is without dis- are right: but the counsels of the wicked retion. 23. The desire of the righteous are deceit. 6. The words of the wicked s only good : but the expectation of the are to lie in wait for blood : but the mouth wicked is wrath. 24. There is that scat- of the upright shall deliver them. 7. The tereth (1), and yet increaseth ; and there is wicked are overthrown, and are not : but that withholdeth more than is meet, but the house of the righteous shall stand. it tendeth to poverty.

25. The liberal soul 8. A man shall be commended according thall be made fat : and he that watereth to his wisdom : but he that is of a pershall be watered also himself. 26. He verse heart shall be despised. 9. He that that withholdeth corn, the people shall is despised (n) and hath a servant, is better curse him : but blessing shall be upon the than he that honoureth (n) himself, and lackhead of him that selleth it. 27. He that eth bread. 10. A righteous mun regardeth diligently seeketh good procureth favour: the life of his beast : but the tender merbut he that seeketh mischief, it shall come cies of the wicked are cruel (o).

II. He unto him. 28. He that trusteth in his that tilleth his land (0) shall be satisfied riches, shall fall : but the righteous shall with bread: but he that followeth () vain flourish as a branch. 29 He that troubleth persons, is void of understanding. 12. The his own house, shall inherit the wind : and wicked desireth (9) the net (9) of evil men: the fool shall be servant to the wise of heart. but the root of the righteous yieldeth fruit. 30. The fruit of the righteous is a tree of 13. The wicked is snared by the transgreslife; and he that winneth souls, is wise. sion of his lips : but the just shall come out 31. Behold, the righteous shall be recom- of trouble. 14. A man shall be satisfied with pensed in the earth : much more the wicked good by the fruit of his mouth (r), and and the sinner.

the recompense of a man's hands shall be


(i) v. 18. “ Deceitful,”? " what will bring
him no recompence, what will disappoint his
(k) v. 22. “ So, &c." i. e.“ beauty in such

woman is as much misplaced, as a jewel " would be in a swine's snout.”

(1) v. 24: “ Scattereth,” i.e. “in charity " and good works." His generosity, instead of diminishing his substance, causes its increase : according to verse 25. he, as being a liberal soul, is made fat, (i.e. rich), and from watering, (i.e. conferring upon others), he is watered also himself, his riches are made to increase.

(m) v.1. “ Loveth knowledge," i. e. " is wise."

Brutish,” i. e. “ foolish.” (n) v. 9. “Is despised," i. e. “ makes no * outward shew to attract attention :" “ ho

" noureth himself," by assuming importance, and displaying external pomp. He, who has all the comforts of life, but makes no display, is better off than he who sacrifices all his com. forts to appearance.

() v. 10. “ Are cruel." A strong way of expressing that they have no mercy,

6) v. 11. “ Tilleth his land," i. e. “ is in"dustrious.” “Followeth vain persons,” i. e. “ gives up his time to idleness and vain pursuits."

(q) v. 12. “ Desireth," without obtaining it. See Prov. xiii. 4. The contrast is, between the uncertainty of the gains of the wicked, and the certainty of those of the good. “ The net of evil men," i. e. “ the pro«« fits they sometimes make."

(v) v. 14. “ The fruit of his mouth," i.e.

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rendered unto him. 15.

15. The way of a fool is right (s) in his own eyes : but he that hearkeneth unto counsel, is wise. 16. A fool's wrath is presently known: but a prudent man covereth shame (t). 17. He that speaketh truth, sheweth forth righteousness : but a false witness, deceit. 18. There is that speaketh like the piercings (u) of a sword: but the tongue of the wise is health (x)., 19. The lip of truth shall be established for ever: but a lying tongue is but for a moment (y). 20. Deceit (2) is in the heart of them that imagine evil : but to the counsellors of peace, is joy. 21. There shall no evil happen to the just: but the wicked shall be filled with mischief (a). 22. Lying lips are abomination to the LORD : but they that deal truly are his delight. 23. A prudent man concealeth (b) knowledge: but the heart of fools proclaimeth (6) foolishness. 24. The hand of the diligent shall bear rule: but the sloth. ful shall be under tribute. 25. Heaviness in the heart of man maketh it stoop : but a good word (c) maketh it glad. 26. The righteous is more excellent than his neigh

bour: but the way of the wicked seduceth them (d). 27. The slothful man roasteth not (e) that which he took in hunting : but the substance of a diligent man is precious (f). 28. In the way of righteousness is life, and in the path-way thereof there is no death.

Wise son heareth (8) his father's is-

struction : : but a scorner heareth ar rebuke. 2. A man shall eat good by te fruit of his mouth (b): but the soul of the transgressor shall eat violence. 3. He the keepeth his mouth (i) keepeth his life : ta he that openeth wide his lips, shall have destruction. 4. The soul of the sluggar desireth (k), and hath nothing : but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat. 5. A righteous man hateth lying : but a wicked man is loathsome, and cometh to shame. 6. Righteousness keepeth (1) ta that is upright in the way: but wickedres overthroweth the sinner. 7. There is th: maketh himself rich (m), yet hath notherg there is that maketh himself poor, yet best

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" the goodness which proceeds from it.” In Heb. xiii. 15. “the sacrifice of praise to God," is called “ the fruit of the lips.” See post, Is. Ivii. 19. note. (s) v.15.

Right, &c.” He disdains to take advice.

(t) v. 16. “ Covereth shame,” i. e. (probably) “ is not hasty to notice what may be

meant as an affront :” pretends not to see it.

(u) v. 18. “ The piercings, &c.” So Prov. xviii. 8. “ The words of a tale-bearer are as " wounds; and they go down into the innermost parts

of the belly :” “ not merely ex“ ternal, but reach the vitals; touch the soul « to the quick.” See 2 Barrow's Serm. 69.

(x) v. 18. “ Health,” i. e. “ invigorating, « doeth good." (y) v.19.

“ But for a moment." So soon exposed. í Tillots. 43.

(2), v. 20. " Deceit,” or “ heaviness.” (a) v. 21. “ Mischief," or

“ distress ;" " trouble ;” “misery.” The contrast is between what shall happen to the just, and what to the wicked. (b) v. 23:

Concealeth, &c." i. e. “ is not “ forward to make even sensible remarks." “ Proclaimeth,” cannot resist obtruding his, however simple.

(c) v. 25. “ A good word, &c." i. e. “ how.

ever the heart may be depressed, kind words 66 will raise it.”

(d) v. 26. “ Seduceth them," i. e. (probably)“ is seducing, attractive;" “ better 17

appearance than the way of the righteous."

(e) v. 27. “ Roasteth not, &c." i. e. “ does “ not enjoy ; derives no benefit from what he “ has taken extraordinary pains to obtain."

! (f). V. 27.

Precious," i. e. useful." } “ serviceable.” The diligent making the mest of what he gets, and the slothful turning it to no account.

(8) v. 1. “Heareth,” i.e. willingly, che fully ; listens to it.

(b) v. 2. “ By the fruit of his mouth,'' ; “ by the goodness which proceeds from See ante, Prov. xii. 14. (i) v. 3.

Keepeth his mouth," i. e. * “ cautious what he says.” The opposite

of him, who " openeth wide his lips."

(k) 0.4.“ Desireth," is occupied in wisting, not in doing. (?) v. 6.

Keepeth,” 1. e. “preserveth," in opposition to “ overthroweth." (m) v: 7

Maketh himself rich," i.e. “ pretends to great wealth.” Patr. Grot. ct the reference may be to the use of riches : 0 who has but little, almost nothing, being equi to a rich man, by the prudent use of what is

great riches. 8. The ransom (n) of a man's life are his riches : but the poor heareth not rebuke. 9. The light of the righteous Tejoiceth (0): but the lamp of the wicked shall be put out. 10. Only by pride cometh contention : but with the welladvised (p) is wisdom. 11. Wealth gotten by vanity (y) shall be diminished : but he that gathereth by labour, shall increase. 12. Hope deferred maketh the heart sick : but when the desire (r) cometh, it is a tree of life. 13. Whoso despiseth the word (s) shall be destroyed : but he that feareth the commandment (s), shall be rewarded. 14. The law of the wise is a fountain (1) of life, to depart (u) from the snares of death. 15. Good understanding giveth (x) favour :

from evil. 20. He that walketh with wise men shall be wise : but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.

21. Evil pur. sueth sinners: but to the righteous, good shall be repayed. 22. A good man leaveth an inheritance to his childrens children (2): and the wealth of the sinner is laid up

for the just. 23. Much food is in the tillage of the poor : but there is that is destroyed (a) for want of judgment. 24. He that spareth his rod, hateth his son : but he that loveth him, chasteneth him betimes. 25. The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want.

Bäe the way of transgressors is hard (x)EVERSE (W. But the foolish plucketh

CHAP. XIV. VERY wise woman buildeth her

16. Every prudent man dealeth with knowledge: but a fool layeth open his folly. 17. A wicked messenger falleth into mischief : but a faithful ambassador is health. 18. Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuseth instruction : but he that regardeth reproof, shall be honoured. desire accomplished is sweet to the soul: but it is abomination (y) to fools to depart

it down with her hands. 2. He that walketh in his uprightness, feareth the LORD : but he that is perverse in his ways, despiseth him. 3. In the mouth of the foolish is a rod of pride (c): but the lips of the wise shall preserve them. 4. Where no oxen (d) are, the crib (d) is clean : but much increase (e) is by the strength of the

19. The

V. 22.

are soon

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has; and another, who has great abundance, from not properly employing it, not being better than the poor.

(7) v. 8. “ The ransom, &c.” i.e. (probably) his wealth brings upon him many attacks, because he is known to have the means of buying them off: whilst the


are left unmolested, because from them nothing can be got.

() v.9. “ Rejoiceth," i. e. “ is bright; " burneth clear."

(p) v.7o. “ Well advised," “ those who are not too proud to take advice.” (9) v.11. Vanity,” i. e. “ undue means," not by labour.” (r)

v. 12. “ The desire,” i. e. " what was # wished.” (s) v. 13.

“ The word,” and “ the com* mandment," i.e. probably, “ of God." (t) v. 14.

“ Is a fountain, &c.” The same is said Prov. xiv. 27. of “ The fear of the « Lord.” See the next page.

(u) v. 14. “ Depart,” or “ deter," * move."

(*) v. 15. “ Giveth,” or “ procureth ;'' " is hard,” rather“ dislike, or ill will."

(y) v. 19. “ It is an abomination to fools, " &c." so that they cannot expect to have

their desires accomplished, because that accomplishment must come from God.

(x) “ Children's children." The meaning probably is, that a good man's riches continue long in his family, a wicked man's

gone. (a) v. 23. “ There is that is destroyed.” The meaning probably is that “ The tillage “ and industry of the poor supplies him with “ abundance : whilst want of judgment or in“ discretion sweeps away the riches of the " wealthy, and brings him to destruction.” The contrast is between industry in the one, and idleness and folly in the other.

(6) v. 1. “ Buildeth her house," i. e. “at" tends to its concerns," advances its welfare.

“ A rod of pride," “ what shall " punish their pride.” The same idea as Ps. Ixiv. 8. “ Their own tongues shall make “ them fall.”

(d) v.4. “ No oxen," i.e."no agriculture “ or industry.” “ The crib is clean,” or “ the “ barn or granary is empty,” in a state of famine.

(e) 0.4. “ Increase," i. e.“ profit." Neglect of agriculture or idleness' causes poverty ; attention to it or industry, wealth.

(c) v. 3.


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