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grass on the house-tops, and as corn 6 Blasted before it be grown up. 27. But « I know thy abode (e), and thy going “ out, and thy coming in, and thy rage “ against me (f). 28. Because thy rage “ against me, and thy tumult is come up “ into mine ears, therefore I will put my “ hook (g) in thy nose, and my bridle in “ thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.”
" And « this shall be a sign unto thee (b), Ye shall "' cat (i) this year such things as grow
of “ themselves, and in the second year that " which springeth of the same, and in the “ third year sow ye, and reap, and plant “ vineyards, and eat the fruits thereof.
30. And the remnant that is escaped w of the house of Judah, shall yet again “ take root downward, and bear fruit upa ward.
31. For out of Jerusalem shall go
forth a remnant, and they (k) that escape
out of mount Zion: the zeal of the « LORD of hosts shall do this. 32. There" fore thus saith the Lord concerning the “ king of Assyria, “ He shall not come " into this city, nor shoot an arrow there,
nor come before it with shield, nor cast k a bank against it. 33. By the way that as he came, by the same shall he return,
" and shall not come into this city, saith o the Lord. 34. For I will defend this « city to save it, for mine own sake, and “ for my servant David's sake.” 35. And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the LORD went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians, an hundred fourscore and five thousand : and when they arose (1) early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. 36. So Sennacharib king of Assyria departed, and weni, and returned, and dwelt at Nineve, 37. And it came to pass as he was weshipping in the house of Nisroch his go that Adrammelech, and Sharezer hiss smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia ; an. Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.
gathered unto him all the elders Judah, and of Jerusalem. 2. And the king went up into the house of the Loza and all the men of Judah, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and a priests, and the prophets, and all the people both small and great : and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the
(c) v. 27. “ Thy abode, &c." i. e. probably, “ all thy ways, and acts, and motives.”
(f) v. 27. « Thy rage against me," i.e. “ thy disregard of my commands and power."
(8) 9. 28. “ Put my hook, &c.'i. e. “ treat " thee as man does an animal under his con“ troul : lead thee ignominiously like a beast “ wherever I think fit."
(b) v. 29. “ Thee," i. e. Hezekiah.
“ Shall eat, &c.” i.e. (perhaps) shall find what groweth of itself sufficient “ for your sustenance both this year and the next, 6 and in the thirdy ear ye shall have full oppor. “ tunity to sow, reap, &c.” The second year was the sabbatical, or seventh year, which, according to Lev. xxv. 4. was to be “a Sabbath of “ rest unto the land, a Sabbath for the Lord ;" and the injunction for that year was, c'shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy “ vineyard."
(k) v. 32. “ They that escape,” i. e. "some “ that shall escape ;" the same as a remnant."
“When they arose," i. e. “at the " time of rising." This signal deliverance is made the subject of many thanksgivings in the Psalıns.
(m) v. i. “ The King," i. e. “ Josiah,” son
of Amon, grandson of Manasseh, and great grandson of Hezekiah.
(n) v. 1. “ Sent." B. C. 624.
(o) v. 2. “ The book of the covenant," is without question, the five books of Moss They had probably been disregarded durre the idolatrous reigns of Manasseh and Area Manasseh reigned 55 Years, and he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, af: the abominations of the heathen, and seduc.. the people to do more evil than did the heaths; and Amon reigned two years, and walked in the ways of Manasseh. Amongst other ty minations; Manasseh built up again the best places for idolatrous worship, and reared 17 altars for Baal, and made a grove (for idolatrics worship) and set up a graven image of the grove in the house of the Lord, and bcal: altars in the house of the Lord, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and built altars for 21 the host of heaven, in the two courts of the house of the Lord. See 2 Kings xxi. 3 to y The making a grove near the altar of the Lot was expressly forbidden. Deuter. xvi. 21.26 so was worshipping any of the host of heart Deuter, xvii. 2 to 7.
covenant which was found in the house of which were on a man's left hand at the gate the LORD. 3. And the king stood by a of the city. 9. Nevertheless, the priests of pillar, and made a covenant before the the high places came not up to the altar of LORD, to walk after the Lord, and to the Lord in Jerusalem, but they did eat of keep his commandments, and his testi- the unleavened bread among their brethren. monies, and his statutes, with all their 10. And he defiled Topheth, which is in heart, and all their soul, to perform the the valley of the children of Hinnom, that words of this covenant, that were written no man might make his son or his daughter n this book : and all the people stood to the to pass through the fire to Molech. u.
And ovenant. 4. And the king commanded he took away the horses (9) that the kings lilkiah the high priest, and the priests of of Judah had given to the sun, at the enhe second order, and the keepers of the tering in of the house of the LORD, by the oor, to bring forth out of the temple of chamber of Nathan-melech the chamberse LORD, all the vessels that were made lain, which was in the suburbs, and burnt 3r Baal, and for the grove, and for all the the chariots of the sun with fire. 12. And ost of heaven ; and he burnt them without the altars that were on the top of the upper erusalem in the fields of Kidron, and car- chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah ied the ashes of them unto Beth-el. had made, and the altars which Manasseh . And he put down the idolatrous priests, had made in the two courts of the house 'hom the kings of Judah had ordained to of the Lord, did the king beat down, and urn incense in the high 'places in the brake them down from thence, and cast ties of Judah, and in the places round the dust of them into the brook Kidron. yout Jerusalem, them also that burnt in- 13. And the high places that were before ense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the Jerusalem, which were on the right hand 100n, and to the planets, and to all the host of the mount of corruption (r) which f heaven. 6. And he brought out the Solomon (s) the king of Israel had builded grove () from the house of the LORD, for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidovithout Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, nians, and for Chemosh the abomination of nd burnt it at the brook Kidron, and the Moabites, and for Milcolm the abomiampt it small to powder, and cast the nation of the children of Ammon, did the owder thereof upon the graves of the king defile. '14. And he brake in pieces wildren of the people. 7. And he brake the images, and cut down the groves, and gwn the houses of the sodomites that were filled their places with the bones of men. - the house of the LORD, where the wo- 15. Moreover, the altar that was at Beth-el, en wove hangings for the grove. 8. And and the high place which Jeroboam the son
brought all the priests out of the cities of Nebat who made Israel to sin (t), had Judah, and defiled the high places, where made, both that altar, and the high place ę priests had burnt incense, from Geba to he brake down, and burnt the high place, eer-sheba, and brake down the high-places and stampt it small to powder, and burnt the gates that were in the entering in of the grove.
16. And as Josiah turned hime gate of Joshua the governor of the city, self, he spied the sepulchres that were there
(p) v.6. “ The grove,” i.e. " the graven (9) 0.17.“ The horses, &c." and “ the chariots of the sun,” kept perhaps, to carry some sage or symbol of the sun in their processions. ze post, note on Isaiah v. 18. (-) v. 13.
“ The mount of corruption," alled in the new testament, “ the mount of
olives." (s) v. 14. “ Solomon.” Solomon attached imself to many heathen women, of the Moaites, Ammonites, Edomites, &c. and when
he was old, they turned his heart after other gods, for whom he built high places near Jerusalem: and for this sin God divided his kingdom in his son's time, and gave the ten tribes to Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 1 Kings xi. 1. 4. 11. Such revolutions ,may the sins of the great produce !
(t) v. 15. " Made Israel to sin," by setting up two golden calves, as obje&s of worship, in Dan and Bethel, to prevent the ten tribos from going up to Jerusalem to worship. See 2 Kings xii. 26 to 33. and ante, 2 Kings xiii, 1. note.
in the mount, and sent, and took the bones out of the sepulchres, and burnt them upon the altar, and polluted it, according to the word (w) of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these words. 17. Then he said, “ What title " is that that I see?” And the men of the city told him, “ It is the sepulchre of the “ man of God, which came from Judah, " and proclaimed these things that thou 6 hast done against the altar of Beth-el.” 18. And he said, “ Let him alone, let no
man move his bones :" so they let his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet (x) that came out of Samaria. 19. And all the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke the LORD to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Beth-e). 20. And he slew all the priests of the high places that were there, upon the altars, and burnt mens bones upon them, and returned to Jerusalem. 21. And the king commanded all the people, saying, “ Keep the passover (y) “ unto the LORD your God, as it is " written in the book of this covenant." 22. Surely there was not holden such a passover, from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah : 23. But in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, wherein this passover was holden to the Lord in Jerusalem. 24. Moreover, the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied
in the land of Judah, and in Jerusalem did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law, which were writte in the book that Hilkiah the priest fouz in the house of the LORD. 25. And unto him was there no king before him, ths turned to the LORD with all his heart, an with all his soul, and with all his might according to all the law of Moses ; neithe after him arose there any like him. 26.82 withstanding the LORD turned not fire the fierceness of his great wrath (2), whes with his anger was kindled against Jedi because of all the provocations that y nasseh had provoked him withal. 27. And the LORD said « I will remove Judah a. “ out of my sight, as I have remo* * “ Israel (a), and will cast off this city do “ rusalem, which I have chosen, and D 6 house of which I said, “ My name “ be there.” 28. Now the rest of ir acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chrome of the kings of Judah ? 29. In his data Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt wat op against the king of Assyria, to the pre Euphraces : and king Josiah went agus him, and he slew him at Megiddo
, when he had seen him (6). 30. And his či• vants carried him in a chariot dead free Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre: the people of the land took Jehoahazt son of Josiah, and anointed him, and him king in his father's stead. 31. Jehona was twenty and three years old when began to reign, and he reigned three moc in Jerusalem : and his mother's name as
(u) v. 16. “ The word, &c." about 330 years before. See ante, 2 Kings xiii. 2.
(x) v. 18. “ The prophet, &c.” in whose sepulchre the prophet from Judah and himself were buried. See ante, 2 Kings xiii. 30. 31.
(y) v. 21. “ The passover.' The feast ordained to commemorate the preservation of the Israelites when all the first born of Egypt were destroyed. See ante, Exod. xü.
(2) v. 26. “ Great wrath,” God's denun. tiation by his prophets in the time of Manasseh was, “ Bthold I am bringing such evil upon « Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth “ it, both his ears shall tingle: and I will “ stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, “ and the plummet of the house of Ahab: (i.e.
“ I will treat them as I have treated Israel
, will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a “ wiping it, and turning it upside down! “ I will forsake the remnant of mine istorie " tance and deliver them into the hand of “ enemies, and they shall become a “ spoil to all their enemies.” 2 Kings 12 to 14. This was accomplished upon Babylonish captivity, which commenced abro four years after Josiah's death.
(a) v. 27. “ As I have removed Israel The captivity of the ten tribes, the kingia of Israel, occurred about 10 years Josiah's death. See ante, 2 Kings xviii
. ) (6) v. 29. “ When he had seen him," “ when he came into his sight."
Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Librah. 32. And he did that which was zvil (c) in the sight of the LORD, according o all that his fathers had done. 33. And Pharaoh-nechoh put him in bands at Riblah, in the land of Hamath, that he right not reign in Jerusalem, and put le land to a tribute of an hundred talents silver, and a talent of gold. 34. And haraoh-nechoh made Eliakim, the son of vsiah, king, in the room of Josiah his ther, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, id took Jehoahaz away : and he came Egypt and died there. 35. And Jehoi
akim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh, but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh; he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give it unto Pharaoh-nechoh. 36. Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem : and his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. 37. And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.
unto wise counsels: 6. To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings. 7. The fear(s) of the LORD' is the beginning of knowledge : but fools despise wisdom and instruction. 8.“ My son, hear the in« struction of thy father, and forsake not “ the law of thy mother : 9. For they or shall be an ornament of grace unto thy “ head, and chains about thy neck. 10. My son,
if sinners entice thee, consent thou ri not.
11. If they say, “Come with us,
“ Evil.” Josiah lived about 14 ars after the great passover mentioned in rse 21. 22. 23. but as his sons and grandson, 2 only persons on the throne before the Babyrish captivity was completely effected, did il in the sight of the Lord, there is no reason suppose that there had been a general national Cormation, such as according to Jer. xviii. 7.8. ght be expected to avert God's vengeance. the contrary, Jehoiakim, in whose reign the ptivity commenced, committed abominations. Chron. xxxvi. 8. And Zedekiah, in whose ne it was completed, humbled not himself, but stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the Lord God of Israel : and all the chief of the priests and the people transgressed very much after all the abominasions of the heathen, and polluted the house of the Lord which he had hallowed in Jerusalem : and though the Lord sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending
“ them, because he had compassion on his peo“ ple, and on his dwelling place, they mocked his “ messengers, and despised his word, and mis“ used his prophets. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 12 to 16." Their conduct therefore called for the punishments which fell upon them.
(d) v.1. “ Of Solomon." Written about 1000 years before our Saviour's birth. They contain some admirable rules for human conduct, far surpassing any other system of morals before the times of the gospel.
(e) v. 2. “ Know," or “ teach ; " " perceive," or communicate ; " "cause meditation upon." The object is to point out the advantages these Proverbs are calculated to produce.
(2.3. Receive," or bring.”
(£) v. 7: “ The fear, &c." With what advice could he so well begin, as with recommend. ing profound submission to God, attention to parents, and watchfulness against the inticement of sinners ?
« let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk “ privily for the innocent without cause :
12. Let us swallow them up alive as " the grave, and whole, as those that go “ down into the pit : 13. We shall find “ all precious substance, we shall fill our “ houses with spoil: 14. Cast in thy lot
among us, let us all have one purse:”
15. My son, walk not thou in the way “ with them ; refrain thy foot from their “ path. 16. For their feet run to evil, « and make haste to shed blood. 17. Surely “ in vain the net (1) is spread in the sight “ of any bird. 18. And they lay wait for “ their own blood (i), they lurk privily for “ their own lives. 19.
are the ways « of every one that is grcedy of gain : " which taketh (k) away the life of the “ owners thereof.” 20. Wisdom (?) crieth without, she uttoreth her voice in the streets : 21. She crieth in the chief place of concourse (m), in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying, 22. “ How long, ye simple ones, 66 will ye love simplicity (n) ? and the “ scorners delight in their scorning, and “ fools hate knowledge? 23. Turn you « at my reproof : behold, I will pour out
my spirit unto (1) you, I will make known
my words unto you. 24. Because (P) I “ have called and ye refused, I have “ stretched out my hand, and no man
“ regarded; 25: But ye have set at “ nought all my counsel; and would none “ of my reproof: 26. I also will laugh at
your calamity, I will mock when your « fear cometh; 27. When your ítar “ cometh as desolation, and your destrus" tion cometh as a whirlwind; when “ distress and anguish cometh upon voa “ 28. Then shall they call upon me,
but ] " will not answer ; they shall seek ma “ early, but they shall not find : “ 29. For that they hated knowledge, and “ did not choose the fear of the Lio
30. They would none of my cours.. “ they despised all my reproof. 31. Thes “ fore shall they eat of the fruit of the?
own way, and be filled with their on “ devices. 32. For the turning away “ of the simple shall slay them (q), and the “ prosperity of fools shall destroy thes
33. But whoso hearkeneth unto me “ shall dwell safely, and shall be quite " from fear of evil."
words, and hide my comez_“ ments with thee; 2. So that thou isceze " thine ear unto wisdom, and apply “ heart to understanding: 3. Yea, if tha “ criest after (1) knowledge, and liftes “ thy voice (t) for understanding: 4. If eru
(b) v. 17. “ The net, &c.” Probably a proverb. As a bird has so much sense as not to run into a net it sees spread for its destruction, what will be your folly, if you are drawn in by 'these inticements, which you are apprized will produce yours?
(i) v. 18. “ Their own blood, &c.” Their own destruction will be the consequence of their misconduct : “ their own blood," and “ their own lives,” will be the sacrifice.
(k) v. 19: “ Taketh away the life of,” i.e. " bringeth destruction upon."
(1) v. 20. “ Wisdom, &c." Instead of listening to the allurements of sinners, attend to the calls of Wisdom: neglect will be fatal.
(m) v. 21. “ Chief place of concourse;" “ the openings of the gates," and "the city," the most public places. Her calls are open : she has no cause for concealment.
(n) v. 22. “How long, ye foolish ones, will “ ye love folly? how long will the scorners, « &c.”
“ Unto," or upon." (P) v. 24. " Because, &c." A spirited dag nunciation against those who reject the cam Wisdom. In the parable of the ten viss Matt. xxv. I to 12. our Saviour intimatest against those who have not made the due paration in the proper time, the door is cha for ever.
His answer to their call is, azt “ 1 say unto you, I know you
not." (q) v.32. « Turning away,"
sliding;” wickedness.” • Them," i.e.** “ simple and fools, who reje& my corde “ they shall bring upon themselves their et « destruction."
(r) The advantages of pursuing true wie dom, by securing God's favour, obtain deliverance from wicked men and wicka women, and ensuring temporal prosperity.
(s) v. 1. “ My," i.e." Wisdom's." was speaking in the preceding chapter, this is a continuation of ber address.
(t) v. 3. “ Criest after,' and “ liftest