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number of the fourth part of Israel ? * Let me die the death of the righteous,
and let my last end be like his.” 11. And Balak said unto Balaam, « What hast thou done unto me? I took thee to curse mine enemies, and behold, thou hast blessed them altogether." 12. And he nswered and said, “ Must I not take heed to speak that which the Lord hath put in my mouth?”
13. And Balak said nto him, “ Come, I pray thee, with me, unto another place, from whence thou mayest see them : thou shalt see but the utmost part
of them, and shalt not see them all: and curse
me them from thence." 14. And he brought him into te field of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah, nd built seven altars, and offered a bul»ck and a ram on every altar. 15. And he id unto Balak, “ Stand here by thy burnt
offering, while I meet the LORD yonder." 6. And ihe LORD met Balaam, and put a tord in his mouth, and said, “ Go again unto Balak, and
thus.” rhen he came to him, behold, he stood by is burnt offering, and the princes of Moab
And Balak said unto him,
" against Jacob, neither is there any divi- :
ie took up this sparable, pakan saia, S. Rise A the wom Berla bless Ysrael, the event
up Balak, and hear; hearken unto me I thou son of Zippor: 19. God is not a man, that he should lie, neither the son
man, that he should repent : hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good ? 20. Behold, I (z) have received commandment to bless, and he hath blessed, and I cannot reverse it. 21. He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath he seen perverseness in Israel: the LORD his God is with him, and the shout of a (a) king is among them. brought them out of Egypt; he (6) hath as it were the strength of an unicorn. 23. (c) Surely there is no enchantment
not as at other times to seek for enchantments, but he set his face towards the wilderness. 2. And Balaam lift up his eyes, and he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their tribes, and the spirit of God came upon him. 3. And he took up his parable, and said, “ Balaam the son « of Beor hath said, and the man whose
eyes are open, hath said: 4. He hath “said, which heard the words of God, « which saw the vision of the Almightyo “ falling into a trance, but having his eyes
open: 5. How goodly are thy tents, o “ Jacob, and thy tabernacles, O Israel! “ 6. As the valleys are they spread forth,
as gardens by the river side, as the trees
(z) v. 20. “ Have received commandment,”
am commanded.” 2 Hales, 221. (a) v.21. “ A king,” or
“ their king." e. God. 2 Hales, 224.
2 Hales, 224. According to Jeut. xxxiij.
5: “ He (viz. Gud) was king in Jeshurun," j. e. Israel.
« is to (6) v. 22. “ Hath as it were," or them as."
2 Hales, 224
“ of lign-aloes which the LORD hath « planted, and as cedar-trees beside the 6 waters.
7. He shall pour the water out s of his buckets, and his seed shall be in “ many waters, and his king shall be “ higher then Agag, and his kingdom u shall be exalted (e). 8. God brought “ him forth out of Egypt, he (f) hath as it « were the strength of an unicorn: he « shall eat up the nations his enemies, & and shall break their bones, and pierce o them through with his arrows. 9. He « couched, he lay down as a lion, and as « a great lion : who shall stir him up? « Blessed is he that blesseth thee, and 关
cursed is he that curseth thee.” 10. And Balak's anger was kindled against Balaam, and he smote his hands together : and Balak said unto Balaam, “ I called thee to “ curse mine enemies, and behold, thou “ hast altogether blessed them these three 6 times. II. Therefore now flee thou to " thy place : I thought to promote thee 66 unto great honour: but lo, the LORD « hath kept thee back from honour."
12. And Balaam said unto Balak, “Spakt “ I not also to thy messengers which thar « sentest unto me, saying, 13.“ If Bala “ would give me his house-full of silve 66 and gold, I cannot go beyond the com “ mandment of the LORD, to do eitbe “ good or bad of mine own mind; ba “ what the LORD saith, that will I speak
14. And now behold, I go unto m “ people : come therefore, and I will al 6.vertise thee, what this people shall do “ thy people in the latter days.” 15. Ad he took up his parable, and said, “ Balas 66 the son of Beor hath said, and whose
hath said “ 16. He hath said, which heard the word “ of God, and knew the knowledge of the “ most High, which saw the vision of th “ Almighty, falling into a trance, but havia “ his eyes open : 17. I (8) shall see him " but not now : I shall behold him, bu « not nigh: there shall come a (h) “ out of Jacob, and a ☺) scepter shali « out of Israel ; and shall (k) smit dhe “ corners of Moab, and destroy al te
(e) v. 7. The Sept. translation of this verse
a man shall come forth of his seed, and “ shall rule over many nations : and his king“ dom shall be raised higher than Gog's, and “ his kingdom shall be exalted.”. Gog was the title of the Scythian kings. Philo understands this as a prophecy of the Messiah : Chandl. Def. 30. Dr. Hales adopts nearly the same translation, and points out how the Hebrew words had been corrupted. He also under. stands it as referring to the Messiah. See the first of Dr. Hales's
learned and valuable disser. tations.
(s). 8. “ Hath as it were,” or “ is to him as it were." (8) v. 17.“ Shall see," and "shall behold,"
see and behold," the future tense in Heb. being often put for the present.
(b) v. 17. “ A star,” “a sceptre," i. e. the Messiah. “ Sheth," or "tumult, unrighte
() v. 17.“ A sceptre.” The same word as in the famous prophecy of Jacob, Gen. xlix. 10. “ The Sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor “ a lawgiver from between his feet, until “ Shiloh come: and unto him shall the gather“ing of the people be." Though the victories of David,
about 400 years afterwards, correspond with the successes here foretold, it is not probable he should have been the object of this
prophecy: David, though a type of Christ, i no where made the subject of prophecy, reign was not of such importance to mankin in general as to make it likely that he should and according to 2 Pet. i. 20. no prophecy a “ scripture is of any private interpretation, but “the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of pro phecy. Rev. xix. 1o.
(&) v. 17.“Smite, &c." and “ destroy, &c. These and the expressions in the following vers possibly refer only to spiritual success; tot prevalence of the Messiah's kingdom, and establishment of christianity in heathen king doms. In Ps. ii. 8. the extent of Christianty is foretold in similar language : “ Desire of “ and I will give thee the heathen for this “ inheritance, and the utmost parts of the earth “ for thy possession;' and in Ps. lxxii. 8. and Zech. ix. io. “ his dominion shall be also from " the one sea to the other, and from the food « unto the world's end ;" or they may refer to vengeance to be inflicted in the last ages of the world, at different times after Christ's coming, upon those nations who should bar abandoned or opposed or corrupted his te ligion, part of which vengeance has (perhap for some years been inflicting, and
be en now in progress. This period of vengeances repeatedly referred to as one of the characte ristics of the Messiah's kingdom, Pz. üg:
« children of Sheth. 18. And (1) Edom * shall be a possession, Seir also shall * be a possession for his enemies, and #5 Israel (m) shall do (n) valiantly. 19. Out * of Jacob shall come he that shall have
dominion, and shall destroy him that re* maineth of (6) the city.” 20. And when e looked on Amalek, he took
paable, and said, “ Amalek was the first of the nations, but his latter end shall be
that he (P) perish for ever.” 21. And he boked on the Kenites; and took up his arable, and said, “ Strong is thy dwelling
place, and thou puttest thy nest in a rock. 122. Nevertheless, the Kenite shall be
wasted until (9) Ashur shall carry thee away captive." 23. And he took up his arable, and said, “ Alas, who shall live when God doeth this !
24. And ships shall come from the coast of (r) Chittim,
« and shall afflict Ashur, and shall af“ Alict (s) Eber, and (t) he also shall perish 6 for ever.” 25. And Balaam rose up, and went and returned to his (u) place : and Balak also went his
the people begun to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab. 2. And they (y) called the people unto the sacri. fices of their gods : and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods. 3. And Israel joined himself unto (2) Baal-peor : and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel. 4. And the LORD said unto Moses, (a) " Take all the heads of " the people, and hang them up before “ the LORD against the sun, that the fierce “ anger of the LORD may be turned away
Thou shalt bruise them with a rod of iron, and break them in pieces like a potter's vessel ; and Ps. cx. 5, 6. “ The Lord at thy ' right hand, shall bruise even kings in the day
of his wrath: he shall judge among the
heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead * bodies, and smite the heads over divers * countries." If the judgments of God are low abroad upon the earth, and God is visiting he wicked with his punishments, how much does it bebove each man to endeavour to lead uch a life as may avert his indignation from rimself, from his family, and from his country!
(1) v. 18.“ Edom," “ Seir,” i.e. (probably) he opponents of the Messiah, the worshippers of false gods. As these nations were the oppo. lents of God's people the Israelites, and were ddicted to idol worship, they are often put o signify any adversaries of the true religion.
(m) 0.18.“ Israel," i. e. (probably) God's people, the true worshippers, the Israel of God; in opposition to the children of Sheth," in verse 17. (n.) v. 18. “ Do valiantly,” or “ gain
" " succeed,” “ prosper.” () v. 19: “ The city,” or “ the enemy," destroyer, disturber—" the proud,” the mighty ne of the earth: he that exalteth himself.
(o) v. 20." Perish for ever.” This prophecy was effectually executed under God's command in Saul's time. See post, 1 Sam. xv.
(9) v. 22. 24." Ashur," i. e. “ Assyria.”
(r) 0.24. “Chittim." This name was given o any place they could not get to but by sea : t is often applied to the Macedonians; and is equally applicable to the Romans. 1 Wall. 114.
(s) v. 24. “ Eber," i.e. (probably) “ countries beyond the Euphrates :" Eber was great grandson of Shem, and from him very many nations, including the Israelites, were descended. See Gen. X. 24 to 32. and Gen. xi. 16 to 25. and it might be to some of these nations in par. ticular, who might then go by the name of Eber, that Balaam here referred. (t) v. 24.
“ He also," i. e. the power that shall'afflict Ashur and Eber, 2 Hales, 229, 230. (u) v. 25.“ To his place."
In the course of the same year he was slain by the children of Israel on their expedition against the Midianites. Numb. xxxi. 8.
(x) v. 1.“ Shittim,'' in the plains of Moab. Numb. xxxiii. 49. B.C. 1452
(y) v. 2. “They," i. e. the daughters of Moab, “the people,'' i. e." of Israel." (z) 1.3
“ Baal-peor," an idol of the Moabites. The women of Moab drew them into this sin, through the counsel of Balaam. When God commanded Moses to avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites, and they spared the women of Midian, Moses blamed them and said, “ Have ye saved all the women alive? Behold, “ these caused the children of Israel, through the “ counsel of Balaam, to commit trespasses against " the Lord in the matter of Peor, and there * was a plague among the congregation of the " Lord.“ Numb. xxxi. 2. 15. 16.
(a) v.4.“ Take, &c." or " speak unto the “ heads of the people, and let them slay the
men that were joined to Baal-peor, and “ hang them up, &c.” Kennic. Rem. 70. see the Heb.
« from Israel.” 5. And Moses said unto the judges of Israel, “ Slay ye every one “ his men, that were joined unto Baal
6. And behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman, in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 7. And when Phinehas the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the priest, saw it, he rose up from amongst the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand ; 8. And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust (a) both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly : So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel. 9. And those that died in the plague, were twenty and four thousand. 10. And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 11. “ Phinehas the son of Eleazar, “ the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my
from the children of “ Israel (while he was zealous for my
" sake among them) that I consumed na « the children of Israel in my jealousy « 1 2. Wherefore say, “Behold, I give unt “ him my covenant of peace. 13. Aodh « shall have it, and his seed after him
even the covenant of an everlasting pries « hood; because he was zealous for h 6 God, and made an atonement for th “ children of Israel." 14. Now the name the Israelite that was slain, even that wil slain with the Midianitish woman, was Zim the son of Salu, a prince of a chief hou among
the Simeonites. 15. And the nad of the Midianitish woman that was slain er Cozbi the daughter of Zur; he was hea over a people, and of a chief house in Midia 15. And the LORD spake unto Moses, sa ing, 17: “ Vex (6) the Midianites, 21 « smite them: 18. For they vex you wil " their wiles, where with they have beguile
you, in the matter of Peor, and its “ matter of Cozbi, the daughter of " prince of Midian their sister, which wa « slain in the day of the plague (eller « Peor's sake.
DE U TERONOMY.
you. 3. Your eyes have seen what th - LORD did because of (f)Baal-peor :
fa 66 all the men that followed Baal-peor
, til “ LORD thy God hath destroyed them from
among you. 4. But ye that did clean « unto the LORD your God, are alive ever “ one of you this day. 5. Behold, I have “ taught you statutes and judgments
, even as the LORD my God commanded 66 that
should do so in the land whiter ye go to possess it. « and do them, for this is your wisdom and
6. Keep therefore
(a) v. 8. “ Thrust, &c.” This is referred to Ps. cvi. 30. • Then stood up Phinehas, and
executed judgment, and so the plague was u stayed.”
(6) v v. 17.“ Vex," and “ smite, &c.” This command was repeated and executed the same year; and the five kings of Midian, including Zur, were slain, and Balaam also, Numb. xxxi.
i.e. “ the plague inflicted on them for joining " themselves to Baal-peor."!
(d) Part of an address from Moses Israelites in the year in which he died.—Befar
(e) v. 1. “ The land, &c.” i. e. of Canaan. (f) v. 3.
“ Of Baal-peor." See all Numb. xxv. 3, 4, 5. The destruction of that who followed Baal-peor happened in the very year in which Moses made this address.
(c) v.18.“ The plague for Peor's sake,"
your understanding in the sight of the na*tions, which shall hear all these statutes, * and say, “ surely this great nation is * a wise and understanding people.” 7. For what nation is there fo great, who hath God so nigh unto them,
as the LORD our God is in all things that we call upon him for? 8. And what nation is there fo great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous, as all this law which I set before you this day? 9. Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy "heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy sons sons : 10. Specially the day that thou stoodst before the LORD thy God in (8) Horeb, when the LORD said unto me, “ Gather me the people together, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they shall live upon the earth, and that they may teach their children." 11. And ye came near and stood under the mountain, and the moun. tain burnt with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness. 12. And the LORD spake unto you out of the midst of the fire : ye :heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude, only ye heard a voice. 13. And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments, and he wrote them upon two tables of stone. 14. And the LORD commanded me at that time, to teach you statutes and judgments, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it. 15. Take ye therefore good heed unto
“ yourselves (for ye saw no manner of « similitude on the day that the LORD “ spake unto you in Horeb, out of the " midst of the fire) 16. Lest ye corrupt “ yourselves, and make you a graven image, “ the similitude of any figure, the likeness “ of male or female, 17. The likeness of
any beast that is on the earth, the likeness “ of any winged fowl that flieth in the air, « 18. The likeness of any thing that creereth “ on the ground, the likeness of any fish « that is in the waters beneath the earth':
19. And lest thou lift up thine eyes “ unto heaven, and when thou seest the
sun, and the moon, and the stars, even “ all the host of heaven, shouldest be “ driven to worship them, and serve them, “ which the LORD thy God hath divided “ unto all nations under the whole heaven. « 20. But the LORD hath taken you, and “ brought you forth out of the iron furnace, “ even out of Egypt, to be unto him a “ people of inheritance, as ye are this day. « 21. Furthermore, the LORD was (b) angry “ with me for your sakes, and sware that " I should not go over Jordan, and that I “ should not goin unto thatgood land which “ the LORD thy God giveth thee for an in« heritance. 22. But I must die in this 6 land, I must not go over Jordan : but ye
shall over and possess that good “ land. 23. Take heed unto yourselves, “ lest ye forget the covenant of the LORD
your God, which he made with you, and « make you a graven image, or the like “ ness of any thing which the LORD thy « God hath forbidden thee. 24. For the “ LORD thy God is a consuming fire, even “ a jealous God. 25. When thou shaft “ beget children, and childrens children,
ye rebels, must we fetch you water out of « this rock?” and he smote the rock twice with the rod, and the water came out abundantly: This deviation from his command dis. pleased God, and he spake unto Moses and Aaron, “ because ye believed me not, to sanc“ tify me in the eyes of the children, therefore “ ye shall not bring this congregation into the “ land which I have given them!!" The command was to speak unto the rock, instead of which he struck it, and that twice, and instead of ascribing the miracle to God, he said, must we fetch.