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3. And

Pharaoh : and he said unto them, “ Go “ serve the Lord. your God: but who are “ they that shall go ?” 9. And Moses « said, “ We will go with our young, « and with our old, with our sons, and r with our daughters; with our flocks, " and with our herds will we go : for

we must hold a feast unto the LORD.”, 10. And he said unto them, “ Let the « LORD be so with you, as I will let you

go, and your little ones : Look to it, r for evil is before


11. Not so: go “ now ye that are men, and serve the “ LORD, for that you did desire.” And they were driven out from Pharaoh's presence,

12. And the LORD said unto Moses, « Stretch out thine hand over the “ land of Egypt for the locusts, that they

may come up upon the land of Egypt, “ and eat every herb of the land, even all " that the hail hath left.” 13. And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an (t) east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night, and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts. 14. And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt, and rested in all the coasts of Egypt : very grievous were they; before them there were no such locusts as they, neither after them shall be such. 15. For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened, and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees, which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt. 16. Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste; and he said, “ I have sinned against “ the LORD your God, and against you. “ 17. Now therefore forgive, I pray thee, “ my sin only this once, and intreat the “ LORD your God, that he may take away “ from me this death only.” 18. And he went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD. 19. And the LORD turned a mighty

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ND () the LORD said unto Moses,

“Go in unto Pharaoh: for I (s) have *Yeardened his heart, and the heart of his

Arvants; that I might shew these iny he

gns before him : 2. And that thou jayest tell in the ears of thy son, and

thy son's son, what things I have ha rought in Egypt, and my signs which Dhave done amongst them; that ye may

now how that I am the LORD.” les and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh,

said unto him, “ Thus saith the LORD onlod of the Hebrews, How long wilt

hou refuse to humble thyself before ai ne? Let my people go, that they may

4. Else if thou refuse to let Ceny people go, behold, to-morrow will bi

bring the locusts into thy coast. 07 , . And they shall cover the face of the tarth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the relidue of that which is escaped, which emaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which groweth for you out of the field. 6. And they shall ill thy houses, and the houses of all thy servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians ; which neither thy fathers, nor thy fathers fathers have seen, since the day that they were upon the earth, unto this day.” And he turned himself,

went out from Pharaoh. 7. And PhaSh's servants said unto him, “ How long shall this man be a snare unto us? Let

that they may serve the LORD their God: Knowest thou not yet that Egypt is destroyed ?” 8. And loses and Aaron were brought again unto

erve me.

the men go,

(9) Upon this chapter see 2 Hales, 190 195. (-) v. 1. ^ The Lord.” In this and the her instances in which “ the Lord” occurs this chapter, the Heb. is “ Jehovah."

(s) v. 1. “ I have hardened.” See the preceding page, note on Exod. ix. 12. (1) u.

9. 13. “ East wind," and v. 19. “ west “ wind." Both preternatural ; for the winds there blow six months from the north, and six from the south. 2 Hales, 195.

strong west wind, which took away the locusts, and cast them into the Red sea : there remained not one locust in all the coasts of Egypt. 20. But (u) the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

21. And the LORD said unto Moses, 6 Stretch out " thine hand toward heaven, that there “ may be darkness over the land of Egypt, “ even darkness which may be felt.” 22. And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven: and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. 23. They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days : but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings. 24. And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said, “Go ye, serve the LORD; « only let your flocks and your herds be “ stayed : let your little ones also go with

you.25. And Moses said, « Thou “ must give us also sacrifices, and burnt« offerings, that we may sacrifice unto " the LORD our God. 26. Our cattle also « shall

there shall not an hoof « be left behind : for thereof must we take " to serve the LORD our God; and we • know not with what we must serve the « Lord, until we come thither.” 27. But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go. 28. And Pharaoh said unto him, “ Get thee from me, take « heed to thyself, see my face no more : « for in that day thou seest my face, thou “shalt die." 29. And Moses said, “ Thou « hast spoken well, I will see thy face « again no more." (*)

“ ginning of months : it shall be the firs “ month of the year to you. 3. Speak

ye unto all the congregation of Israel

saying, In (y) the tenth day of this month “ they shall take to them every man a lamb “ according to the house of their fathers

a lamb for an house. 4. And if the « houshold be too little for the lamb, le « him and his neighbour next unto bi “ house, take it according to the number u of the souls ; every man according « his eating, shall make your count “ the lamb. 5. Your lamb shall be wib o out blemish, a male of the first year ye

shall take it out from the sheep a « from the goats. 6. And ye shall keep i

up until the fourteenth day of the sand “ month : and the whole assembly of the “ congregation of Israel shall kill it (3) i “ the evening. 7. And they shall take a “ the blood, and strike it on the two side “ posts, and on the upper-door-post of the “ houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8. AN “ they shall eat the flesh in that night « roast with fire, and unleavened bra " and with bitter herbs they shall eat .

Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at “ with water, but roast with fire: his “ head with his legs, and with the pur « tenance thereof.

10. And ye shall let “ nothing of it remain until the morning " and that which remaineth of it until " the (a) morning, ye shall burn with fire “ 11. And thus shall you eat it; et

your loins girded, your shoes on your « feet, and your staff in your hand : and ye

shall eat it in haste :'it is the LORD'S « passover.

12. For I will pass through « the land of Egypt this night, and wil « smite all the first-born in the land a « Egypt, both man and beast: and again “ all the (6) gods of Egypt, I will execik

judgment; I am the LORD. 13. And


with us;


ND the Lord spake unto Moses and

Aaron, in the land of Egypt, saying, 2. “ This month shall be unto you the be

to 197

() v. 20. 27. “The Lord hardened." See note on Exod. ix. 12.

(*) Upon this chapter see 2 Hales, 195

() v. 3. The institution of the passover. 2 Hales, 197-8. B. C. 1491. Dr. Hales 1648.

(2) v. 6. " In the evening,” or “ Between " the evenings," Heb. The Jews reckoned two evenings; one beginning at noon, the other at sun-set, and the time with them for sacri

ficing the paschal lamb was between two and four in the afternoon. Park. Heb. Dict. 553 In Deut. xvi. 6, the command is to sacrifice “ at even, at the going down of the sun, i. e. when the sun was declining, not setting.

:(a) v. 10. After “ the morning, the Sept add," and ye shall not break a bone thereof." That injunction occurs afterwards, verse 46.

(6) v. 12. “Gods,” or “ princes."

Park. 553

" the blood shall be to you for a token " upon the houses where you are : and " when I see the blood, I will pass over "you, and the plague shall not be upon

you to destroy you, when I smite the * land of Egypt. 14. And this day shall it

be unto you for a memorial; and you shall keep it a feast to the LORD,

throughout your generations : you shall keep it a feast by an ordinance (c) for ever. 15. Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread, even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses : for whosoever eateth leavened bread, from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. 16. And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you: no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you. 17. And ye shalí observe

the feast of unleavened bread; for in this self-same day (d) have I brought your . armies out of the land of Egypt: there#fore shall ye observe this day in your

generations, by an ordinance for ever. . 18. In the first month, on the fourteenth

day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. 19. Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses : for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the

congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. 20. Ye shall eat nothing leavened: in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.” 21. Then loses called for all the elders of Israel, and id unto them, “ Draw out and take you a lamb, according to your families, and kill the passover. 22. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel

" and the two side-posts with the blood á that is in the bason: and none of you " shall go out at the door of his house “ until the morning. 23. For the LORD “ will pass through to smite the Egyptians, " and when he seeth the blood upon the “ lintel, and on the two side. posts, the « LORD will pass over the door, and will - not suffer the destroyer to come in unto « your houses to smite you. 24. And ye « shall observe this thing for an ordinance " to thee and to thy sons for ever. 25. And so it shall come to pass when ye

be come « to (e) the land which the LORD will give “ you, according as he hath promised, that

ye shall keep this service. 26. And it " 'shall come to pass,


your children 66 shall say unto you,

• What mean you « by this service ? 27. That ye shall say, " It is the sacrifice of the LORD's passover, « who passed over the houses of the child. “ ren of Israel in Egypt, when he smote " the Egyptians, and delivered our houses." And the people bowed the head and wor. shipped. 28. And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had com. manded Moses and Aaron, so did they. 29. And it came to pass that at midnight the LORD smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh, that sat on his throne, unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the first-born of cattle. 30. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants, and all the Egyptians ; and there was a great cry in Egypt: for there was not a house where there was not one dead. 31. And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise up, and get you « forth from amongst my people, both you " and the children of Israel : and go, serve " the LORD, as ye have said. 32. Also

take your flocks, and your herds, as ye < have said, and be gone: and bless me « also." 33. And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people that they might

(c) 0.14. “ For ever." The Jews keep it this day ; at the time of our Easter, when I passover, our Lamb, whose blood induces od to pass over us without destroying us, sus Christ, was slain. (d) v. 17.“ Have I brought,” or rather will I bring.” The Sept. is so.

(2) v.25. “The land, &c." i.e. “ of Canaan. God promised Abraham, when he got into the land of Canaan, “ unto thy seed will I give this “ land.” Gen. xü. 7. ante. And see ante, Exod. iii. 8. 17.

send them out of the land in haste : for they said, “ We be all dead men.34. And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading-troughs being bound up in their clothes upon

their shoulders. 35. And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses : and (f) they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment. 36. And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they (8) lent unto them such things as they required : and they (b) spoiled the Egyptians. 37. And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six (i) hundred thousand on foot that were men, besides children. 38. And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. 39. And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough, which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened : because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry; neither had they prepared for themselves any victual, 40. Now the sojourning (k) of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. 41. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the self-same day it came to pass, that all

the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. 42. It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD, for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this in that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations. 43. And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, “ This is the ordinance of the “ passover : there shall no strangered “ thereof. 44. But every man's servaat “ that is bought for money, when there " hast circumcised him, then shall hea “ thereof. 45. A foreigner, and an hial « servant, shall not eat thereof. 46.

one house shall it be eaten; thou shin “ not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad « out of the house : neither shall ye brez « a bone thereof. 47. All the congrega « tion of Israel shall keep it. 48. Add “ when a stranger shall sojourn with thes “ and will keep the passover to the LORD “ let all his males be circumcised, 2 " then let him come near and keep it; « he shall be as one that is born in 6 land : for no uncircumcised person “ eat thereof, 49. One law shall be “ him that is home-born, and untos

stranger that sojourneth among you." 50. Thus did all the children of Israel; the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron,


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) v. 35. “Borrowed,” rather “asked.” 2 Hales, 182. 199. It is so in the Sept. the Vulgate, and the Chaldee. See ante note on Exod. iii. 22.

(8) v. 36. “ Lent,” rather " ham, Gen. xv. 14. that they should “come out (from Egypt) with great substance." See ante, note on Exod. iii 22.; and a remuneration was in justice due for their past labours.

(i) v. 37. “ Six hundred thousand that were u men.” God had said to Abraham, Gen. xv. 5. “ Look now toward heaven, and tell the “stars, if thou be able to number them


and " he said unto him, “ So shall thy seed be." And again, Gen. xxii. 17. “ I will multiply

thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as “ the sand which is upon the sea-shore.” (K) 0.40.

« Of the children of Israel," add,' and of their fathers, which they so“ journed in the land of Canaan, and in the land “ of Egypt, was 430 years." Kennic.Rem. 396. -1 Prid, 419.-2 Hales, 199. The Sept. and Samaritan are so, except that they omit, “ and

“ of their fathers ;" and the Sept. mentis Egypt before Canaan. They were not Egypt above 215 years; and the sojourning i Canaan must be included, to make up the years. In Gal. iii. 17. St. Paul speaks of “ law" (which was given just after they lik Egypt) as 430 years after the covenant, promises to Abraham. The first promise Abraham, “ in thee shall all families of “ earth be blessed," Gen. xii. 3. was to Abraham departed out of Haran, when here 75 years old. Gen xii. 4. Abraham was to years old when Isaac was born. Gen. asi. Isaac was 60 at the birth of Jacob. Gen. XIT. 16. And Jacob was 130 when he went to Egret Gen. xlvii. 9. So that from the first promie to Abraham to the going down to Egypt

, 215 years. And during all this time Abrahas Isaac, and Jacob, were strangers and sojourner in the lands in which they dwelt. See Go xii . 10.-Gen. xiii. 1. 3. 18.-Gen. xvii

. &Gen. xx. i.—Gen. xxi. 23.-Gen. xxiii

. 24. Gen. xxviii. 2.-Gen. xxxi. 38. 41.-Ge Xxxvü. 1.



3. For

o did they. 51. And it came to pass the
elf-same day, that the LORD did bring the
children of Israel out of the land of Egypt,
their armies.

ND the LORD spake unto Moses, say-

ing, 2. “Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the

sea, over against Baal-zephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.

Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are intangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in. f 4. And I will harden Pharaoh's heart,

that he shall follow after them, and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and ! upon all his host; that the Egyptians

may know that I am the LORD." And hey did so.

5. And it was told the king f Egypt, that the people fled: and the eart of Pharaoh, and of his servants, was imed against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have

let Israel go from serving us?” 6. And de made ready his chariot, and took his people with him.

7. And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chaiots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them. 8. And the LORD hardened the jeart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he yursued after the children of Israel : and he children of Israel went out with an high land. 9. But the Egyptians pursued after hem (all the horses and chariots of Phaaoh, and his horsemen and his army), and wertook them encamping by the sea, beside Ti-hahiroth before Baal-zephon. 10. And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of srael lift up their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians marched after them, and they vere sore afraid : and the children of Israel tried out unto the LORD. 11. And they aid unto Moses, “ Because there were no

graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness ? Wherefore hast

« thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth « out of Egypt? 12. Is not this the word " that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, 66 Let us alone, that we may serve the “ Egyptians ? For it had been better for us " to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.”


And Moses said to the people, “ Fear ye not, stand “ still, and see the salvation of the LORD, 66 which he will shew to you to-day : for “ the Egyptians whom ye have seen to6 day, ye shall see them again no more 66 for ever.

14. The LORD shall fight “ for you, and ye shall hold your peace.” 15. And the LORD said unto Moses, " Wherefore criest thou unto me ? Speak « unto the children of Israel, that they go o forward. 16. But lift thou up thy rod, " and stretch out thine hand over the sea, c and divide it : and the children of Israel “ shall go on dry ground through the 6 midst of the sea. 17. And I, behold, I 66 will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, " and they shall follow them : and I will

get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon « all his host, upon his chariots, and upon « his horsemen. 18. And the Egyptians « shall know that I am the LORD, when I " have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh,

upon his chariots, and upon his horse6 men.” 19. And the (1) angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them. 20. And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel, and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these : so that the one came not near the other all the night. 21. And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 22. And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground, and the waters were a wall

(1) v. 19. " The angel of God.” In Exod. ziji. 21. it is said, “ the Lord went before them * by day in pillar of a cloud,” &c. ; and in verse 24 below, it is said, “the Lord looked " through the pillar of fire,” &c. So that the person here called “the angel of God," is there

called “the Lord.” And see note on Exod. iii. 2. ante, that it was the belief of the ancient church, that these appearances were all made by the Son, the second person in the Trinity. (Gray's Key, 321, note.)

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