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began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, 2. That the (P) sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were fair ; and they took them wives of all which they chose. 3. And the LORD said, “ My “ spirit shall not always (9) strive with “ man, (r) for that he also is flesh : (s) yet “ his days shall be an hundred and twenty
4. There were (t) giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them: the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. 5:
And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of he thoughts of his heart was only evil coninually. 6. And it repented the LORD hat he had made man on the earth, and t grieved him at his heart. 7. And the LORD said, “I will destroy man, whom I
“ have created, from the face of the earth, « both man and beast, and the creeping
thing, and the fowls of the air : for it re" penteth me that I have made them.” 8. But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD. 9. These are the (u) generations of Noah : Noah was a just man, and perfect in (x) his generations, and Noah walked with God. 10. And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. 11. (y) The earth also was corrupt before God; and the earth was filled with violence. 12. And God looked upon the earth, and behold, it was corrupt : for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth. 13. And God said unto Noah, (z) “The end of all flesh is come “ before (a) me ; for the earth is filled " with violence through them: and behold, “ I will destroy them (6) with the earth, “ 14. (c) Make thee an ark of (d) Gopher " wood : rooms shalt thou make in the « ark, and shalt pitch it within and with 66 out with pitch. 15. And this is the “ fashion which thou shalt make it of: the “ length of the ark shall be three hun
“ of Noah, whilst the ark was preparing. i Pet. iii. 20."
(t) v.4. “Giants,” i.e. either " apostates," deserters of the worship of God, or men of extraordinary strength and unrestrained violence ; giants in slature and iniquity.
“Generations,” or rather, “ par“ ticulars," “ this is an account, &c.”
(x) v.9. “In his generations," or, “ in his
“ rupt, &c.”
(6) v. I. « Came to pass.”
About 1536 ears after the creation.
(p) v. 2. “Sons of God," and "the daugh= ters of men.” The former, as many supose, the descendants of Seth, who had hitherto
hered rightly to the worship of God; the tter, the descendants of Cain, who had turned
idolatry. Shuckf. 13.-1 Lightf. 995:-an Mild. 40. Another rendering is, “ that the sons of the great men saw the daughters of the poor that they were fair, and they took them women of all which they chose," rerring to an unlawful and forced concubinage. Wall, 9 to 12. And this violence would turally call forth the denunciation in verse 3. g) v. 3. “ Strive with,” i. e. (perhaps) labour to correct.” To the same effect as . i. 5. “Why should ye be stricken any more ; the whole head is sick," &c. See post. Or may mean, “ bear with,” put up with their quities. See 2 Hales, 37. 38. (r) v.3. “ For that he also is flesh.” Or because he is wholly given up to sensual sins.” (s) v.3: “Yet his days, &c.” I will nevereless still forbear 120 years ; I will spare him
that time. St. Peter notices that “the long-suffering of God waited in the days
(2) v. 13. “The end," i.e. (probably) “ the destruction,” “the thought of bringing " it to an end."
(a) s. 13. “Before ine,” i.e. probably, “ under my consideration.”
(b) v. 13. “ With," or rather“ from."
“ Make, &c.” Berosus, in his History of the Chaldeans, gives a similar account of the flood, and of God's intimation to Noah (whom he calls Xisuthrus) to prepare a vessel for himself, his kindred and friends, and for fowls and beasts ; and this tends to shew, that the Chaldean History places the creation at the same time as Moses. 1 Shuckf. 15. 16 -3 Hales, 18.
(d) v. 14. “Gopher,"i.e. Cypress. Hales, 327.
“ take thou unto thee of all food that is « eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee " and it shall be for food for thee, and for “ them.” 22. (f) Thus did Noah; ac cording to all that God commanded him so did he.
“ dred (d) cubits, the breadth of it fifty " cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits. « 16. A window shalt thou make to the « ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it « above ; and the door of the ark shalt " thou set in the side thereof; with lower, “ second, and third stories shalt thou make “ it. 17. And behold, I, even I do bring
flood of waters upon the earth, to de“stroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of « life, from under heaven: and every thing or that is in the earth shall die. 18. But 56 with thee will I establish (e) my cove“ nant: and thou shalt come into the ark ; " thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and “ thy sons wives with thee. “ every living thing of all flesh, two of “ every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, " to keep them alive with thee : they shall " be male and female. 20. Of fowls after " their kind, and of cattle after their kind, “ of every creeping thing of the earth after “ his kind : two of every sort shall come “ unto thee, to keep them alive. 21. And
19. And of
CHAP. IX.-to verse 20.
and said unto them, « Be fruit " and multiply, and replenish the eart
2. And the fear of you, and the dra “ of you, shall be upon every beast of a “ earth, and upon every fowl of the upon
all that moveth upon the eart " and upon all the fishes of the 66 into
are they deliver “ 3. Every moving thing that liveth, “ be (g) meat for you ; even as the gre “ herb have I given you all things: 4.1 “ flesh (b) with the life thereof, whic « the blood thereof, shall you not
5. And surely (i) your blood of
(d) v. 15.
“ Cubits." A cubit is a foot and half, or a foot and three quarters. So that at the lowest the length would be 150 yards, the breadth 25, and the height 15. These dimensions would be fully sufficient to hold all the living things to be preserved, with food for their subsistence, allowing the domestic animals hay, and the carnivorous ones, sheep. i Wells, 36 to 48.--- Hales, 328.
(c) V. 18. “My covenant," i.e. (probably) the famous promise in Gen. iii. 15. that the seed of the woman should bruise the serpent's head : that this promise, though not yet fulfilled, should still be accomplished in some descendant from Noah.
() v. 22. “ Thus did Noah.” Noah is supposed to have lived in an inland situation. And this act of his, in building a vessel of such extraordinary dimensions and construction, equal in capacity or stowage to eighteen first rate men of war of the present day, i Hales, 328, would naturally attract the notice of all his neighbourhood, and operate as a warning to all who saw or heard of it. It was also a proof of his obedience and faith, and is accordingly noticed with approbation, Heb. xi. 7. “ By faith Noah, be« ing warned of God of things not seen as yet, « moved with fear, prepared an ark to the “ saving of his house."
(8) 9.3. “ Meat.” This is the first licence for eating animal food; and it is followed with
injunctions calculated to prevent savage and dispositions, to shew that the blood, of animals, was still precious in God's and that God had still as great an abhorrence murder, the wilful killing of man, as before (b) v. 4.
“ With the life thereof, “ the blood thereof, &c." The meanin this command was, as some suppose,
that should not take off a part from the animal, which would be most cruel, or they should not eat it immediately after death, before the blood had properly dre from it, or before it had been properly drea but the more general understanding is, the was intended altogether to prohibit the of blood : that the blood might be de sacred, and dedicated to God. It was a sp injunction afterwards to the Israelites - eat blood, but to pour it upon the eartha “ water,” Lev. xvii. 13.—Deut. xii
. 23. this reason is given for it, Lev. xvii. 11. “ the life of the flesh is in the blood: “ have given it to you upon the altar, to
an atonement for your souls : for it « blood that maketh an atonement for “ souls." The object probably was, to pare their minds for the great atonement by blood of the Messiah.
(i) v.5. “ Your blood of your lives, &a They were not to suppose, from the licence! kill animals, that the life of man was to be lol
lives will I (k) require : (l) at the hand of every beast will I require it; and at the hand of man, at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. 6. Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed : for (m) in the image of God made he man. 7. And you, be ye fruitful and multiply ; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.” 8. And od spake unto Noah, and to his sons th him, saying, 9. “ And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you,
and with your seed after you ;
10. And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you, from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. II. And I will establish my covenant with you, neither shall all Alesh be cut off any more by the waters of a food: neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.
And God said, “ This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you, and every living creature that
is with you, for perpetual generations : *13. I do set (n) my bow in the cloud,
66 and it shall be for 'a token of a covenant
between me and the earth. 14. And it “ shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud
over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud :
15. And I will “ remember my covenant, which is be“ tween me, and you, and every living « creature of all filesh; and the waters « shall no more become a flood to destroy « all flesh. 6. And the bow shall be in “ the cloud, and I will look upon it, that “ I may remember the everlasting cove“ nant between God and every living “ creature of all flesh that is upon the « earth.” 17. And God said unto Noah, « This is the token of the covenant which 6 I have established between me and all “ flesh, that is upon the earth.” 18. And the sons of Noah that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth : and Ham is the father of Canaan. 19. These are the three sons of Noah : and (o) of them was the whole earth overspread.
Abram, “ Get thee out of thy coun“ try, and from thy kindred, and from thy
ered than before, and this injunction is inoduced to put them most particularly upon eir guard against this high offence. (1) v.5. " Require.” Ps. ix. 12. speaks of od as “ making inquisition for blood,” as if were particularly his care to bring murder to yht. (v.5. The reading should perhaps be, at the hand of every living creature will I require it ; verily at the hand of the man (himself); at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of the man;" so to include suicide, as well as other murders. his seems the literal translation of the original. (m) v.6. “For in the image, &c.” A strik
reason, to point out the enormity of the fence, and the presumption in committing it. nd by whom given ?!" If God set so high a lue upon man
as to stamp upon him his own age, to make him so far above every other ork of the creation as to bear some resemlance to himself, who shall dare to efface and estroy this greatest work of God's all-powerful (-) v.13. “My bow,” called, Ps. Ixxxix. 36. the faithful witness in heaven.” See II. 2.28. (0) v.19. “Of them, &c." All the histories
of ancient nations are consistent with this ac. count. Noah is the Saturn of many nations, Pole ; 3 Hales, 15; the Xisuthrus of the Chal. deans, i Shuckf. 101; the Fohi of the Chinese, i Shuckf. 102 ; and the Bacchus of the Indians, 2 Shuckf. 50.
(0) 0.1. “ Had said,” or “ said." There is nothing in the original to insinuate that the narrative refers to an antecedent command. Terah, Abraham's father, had before this taken Abraham and Sarah and Lot from Ur of the Chaldees, in Mesopotamia, in order to go into the land of Canaan ; but when they reached Haran, which was also in Mesopotamia, 300 miles from the land of Canaan, they stopped and dwelt there. See Gen. xi. 31. Abulfaragi says, they sojourned there 14 years. 2 Hales, 123. This, therefore, was a command to Abraham to advance from Haran. In Acts vii. 2. 3. St. Stephen says, “ the God of glory ap“ peared unto our father Abraham, when he
was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in
Charran (i. e. Haran), and said unto him, “ Get thee out of thy country, and from thy “ kindred, and come into the land which I shall “ shew thee. Then came he out of the land “ of the Chaldeans, and dwelt in Charran :
“ fathers house, unto a land that I will 66 shew thee. 2. And I will make of “thee (9) a great nation, and I will bless “ thee, and make thy name great; and " thou shalt be a blessing. 3. And I will " bless them that bless thee, and curse “ him that curseth thee: and (r) in thee « shall all families of the earth be blessed.” 4. (s) So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him : And Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran. 5. And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brothers son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran ; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan, and into the land of Canaan they came. 6. And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land. 7. And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, “ Unto thy seed will I give this « land :" and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him. 8. And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Beth-el, and pitched his tent, baving. Beth-el on the west, and Hai on the east : and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD. 9. And Abram jour
neyed, going on still towards the south.
e ? Why didst thou
“ and from thence when his father was dead, mises to Abraham that it should be in “ he removed him into this land, wherein ye (that is in his seed) that the blessings, referma “ now dwell.” There might therefore have to in Gen. ïïi. 15. should come upon been two commands, one whilst they were at nations of the earth; that it should be one Ur, in Terah's life-time, the other whilst they his seed that should bruise the serpent's head were at Haran, after Terah's death. See and open a way for avoiding that curse w Poole. 2 Hales. 123 to 125,
Adam's sin had introduced. In Gen. xviii. (9) 0.2. A great nation.” Besides the God says of Abraham, “: All the nation descendants of Ishmael, Abraham's first son, “ the earth shall be blessed in him." (amongst whom are the Saracens and Arabs of Gen. xxii. 18. “In thy (viz. Abraham's) the present day) and besides the descendants of “ shall all the nations of the earth be blessed Esau, one of Abraham's grandsons, the descend- (s) 0.4." So Abraham departed." Abrahas ants of his other grandson, Jacob, had so mul- had 300 miles to go to Canaan ; he had tiplied in less than 500 years, that the males of knowledge of the country, and had to pass
the ii of the tribes, from 20 years old and up- dangerous and barren desarts of Palmeryta wards, that were able to go to war, (excluding Patr. His obedience is accordingly applaudes
, therefore old men, women and children) were Heb. xi. 8. “ By faith Abraham, when he was 603,550 ; the males of the other tribe, from “ called to go out into a place which he shok two years old and upwards, were 22,000. See “ after receive for an inheritance, obeyed Numb. i. 46. Numb. iii. 39.-And the Jews, a “ and he went out, not knowing whither part of his descendants, have formed a distinct
" went." people down to the present time.
(1) v. 13. “My soul shall live" i. e. "I shal () v. 3. “In thee, &c.” One of the pro
tell me that she was thy wife? 19. Why
saidst thou, She is my sister ? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now, therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way." 20. And Pharaoh comlanded his men concerning him: and they int him away, and his wife, and all that had.
CHAP. XVIII. ND (u)the LORD appeared unto (x)him
in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in tent-door, in the heat of the day. 2. And lift up his eyes, and looked, and lo, see (1) men stood by him: and when he saw em, he ran to meet them from the tentfor, and bowed himself toward the ground, sand said, “ My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant. 4. Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree. 5. And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts ; after that you shall pass on : for there. fore are ye come to your servant.” And by said, “ So do, as thou hast said.”
And Abraham hastened into the tent Ito Sarah, and said, “Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.” And Abraham ran unto the herd, and ght a calf tender and good, and gave
it Ito a young man ; and he hasted to dress
8. And he took butter, and milk, and calf which he had dressed, and set it fore them; and he stood by them under tree, and they did eat. 9. And they dunto him, “ Where is Sarah thy wife?” id he said, “ Behold, in the tent."
And he said, “I will certainly return anto thee according to the time of life; and lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son.” d Sarah heard it in the tent-door, which behind him.
II. Now Abraham and ah were (z) old, and well stricken in
age: and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. 12. Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, “ After I am waxed old, shall I have “ pleasure, my lord being old also ?” 13. And (a) the Lord said unto Abraham, « Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, “ Shall I of a surety bear a child, which “ am old ? 14. Is any thing too hard for " the LORD ? At the time appointed will “ I return unto thee, according to the time “ of life, and Sarah shall have a son.” 15. Then Sarah denied, saying, “I laughed " not:" for she was afraid. And he said, “ Nay, but thou didst laugh." 16. And the men rose up from thence, and looked towards Sodom: And Abraham went with them to bring them on the way. 17. And the LORD said, “ Shall I hide from Abra. " ham that thing which I do; 18. seeing " that Abraham shall surely become a great “ and mighty nation, and (6) all the nations " of the earth shall be blessed in him ? “ 19. For I know him, that he will com“ mand his children, and his houshold " after him, and they shall keep the way “ of the LORD, to do justice and judg“ ment; that the LORD may bring upon “ Abraham that which he hath spoken of 66 him.”
20. And the LORD said, “ Be“ cause the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah “ is great, and because their sin is very “ grievous ; 21. I will go down now, " and see whether they have done altoge" ther according to the cry of it, which " is come unto me; and if not, I will « know.". 22. And the men turned their faces from thence, and went towards Sodom : but Abraham stood yet before the LORD. 23. And Abraham drew near, and said, “ Wilt thou also destroy the “ righteous with the wicked ? 24. Per" adventure there be fifty righteous within “ the city : wilt thou also destroy, and not
spare the place for the fifty righteous " that are therein ? 25. That be far from
s) v.1. “ The Lord" Heb. « Jehovah.” *) v. I. " him” and “be” i.e. " Abralam.” ») v. 2. « Three men " i. e. (as Dr. Hales itebends) the Lord and two attendant angels,
(z) v. 11.“old,” See Is. li. 1. note. Rom.iv. 18 to 22. and Heb. xi. 11. 12.
(a) v. 13. 17. 20. 26. 33. - The Lord " Heb. “ Jehovah."
(6) v. 18. “ All the nations, &c." because from him should the Messiah, the great Redeemer descend. See ante, note on Gen, xii. 3.