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shadow of thy wings; and supported ever, and will always be shewing forth by thy power, he may triumph over thy praise from generation to generaall opposition; that so the world may tion. Amen. acknowledge thee to be his defender and mighty deliverer in all difficulties The Epistle. 1 Pet. ii. 11 to 17. ante 140. and adversities, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

The Gorpe. Matt. xxi. 16. to 32.ante 119 Then the Prayer for the Highe Court of

After she Nicene Creed shall follow the Parliament, if sitting.


In the Ofertory shall this Sentence be read. In the Communion Service, immediately be- Let

your light so shine before men, fore the reading of the Epistle, instead of

that they may see your good works, the Colled for the King, and that of the Day, shall be used this Prayer for the

and glorify your father which is in

heaven. Matt. v. 16. King, as supreme Governor of this Church.

After the Prayer (For the whole State of BLESSED Lord, who hast called

Christ's Church, &c.] these Colle&s Christian Princes to the defence of

following shall be used. thy faith, and hast made it their duty

A Prayer for Unity. to promote the spiritual welfare, together with the temporal interest, of O God, the Father of our Lord Jesus their people; We acknowledge with Christ, our only Saviour, the Prince humble and thankful hearts thy great of Peace; Give us grace seriously to goodness to us in setting thy Servant, lay to heart the great dangers we are our most gracious King, over this in by our unhappy divisions. Take Church and Nation : Give him, we away all hatred and prejudice, and beseech thee, all those heavenly whatsoever else may hinder

us from graces, that are requisite for so high godly union and concord ; that as a trust; Let the work of thee, his there is but one body, and one Spirit, God, prosper in his hand; Let his and one hope of our calling ; one eyes behold the success of his designs Lord, one faith, one baptism, one for the service of thy, true Religion God, and Father of us all ; so we established amongst us; and make may

henceforth be all of one heart him a blessed instrument of protect- and of one soul, united in one holy ing and advancing thy truth, wherever bond of truth and peace, of faith and it is persecuted and oppressed ; Let charity; and may with one mind and hypocrisy and profaneness, supersti- one mouth glorify thee, through Jesus tion and idolatry fly before his face ; Christ our Lord. Amen. Let not heresies and false doctrines disturb the peace of the Church, nor

Grant, O Lord, we beseech thee, schisms and causeless divisions weaken that the course of this world may be it; but grant us to be of one heart so peaceably ordered by thy governand one mind in serving thee, our ance, that thy Church may joyfully God, and obeying him according to serve thee in all godly quietness, thy will

. And that these blessings through Jesus Christ our Lord. may be continued to after ages, let Amen. there never be one wanting in his house to succeed him in the govern

Grant, we beseech thee, Almighty ment of this United Kingdom, that God, that the words, which we have our posterity may see his children's heard this day with our outward ears, children, and peace upon Israel. So may through thy grace be so grafted we that are thy people, and sheep of inwardly in our hearts, that they may thy pasture, shall give thee thanks for bring forth in us the fruit of good living, to the honour and praise of us, for the worthiness of thy Sou thy Name, through Jesus Christ our Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. Lord. Amen.

Tue peace of God, which passeth ALMIGHTY God, the fountain of all all understanding, keep your hearts wisdom, who knowest our necessities and minds in the knowledge and love before we ask, and our ignorance in of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ asking ; We beseech thee to have

our Lord. And the blessing of God compassion upon our infirmities; and

Almighty, the Father, the Son, and those things, which for our unworthi- the Holy Ghost, be amongst you, and ness we dare not, and for our blind

remain with you always. Amen. ness we cannot ask, vouchsafe to give

Strahan and Preston, Printers-Street, London.




AFTER the Publication of the Prayer Book, to which this Work is intended to be attached, it occurred to me that the addition of such of the Sunday Lessons as are taken out of the Old Testament, with some short Notes, would be an improvement; and I accord. ingly dedicated part of my leisure to that object. To have added the New Testament also, would have required much more time than I could command ; and it is hoped that the Notes already given upon the Epistles and Gospels may be of assistance even upon other parts of the New Testament. One of the Tables at the commencement of the Prayer Book points out what parts of the New Testament the Prayer Book contains. The Notes now introduced are chiefly explanatory: they by no means extend to all the passages which require explanation ; nor have they any claim to depth of learning and research : but they may be of some assistance, especially to the young, and to those who have not made the Scriptures their study. They will tend to produce a habit of searching out the meaning of obscure parts: the periodical recurrence to them on the days to which they belong may cause them to be sifted and examined, so that mistakes in them may be corrected, and defects supplied ; and what is wanting here may in many instances be furnished by the much more perfect Work of Messrs. D'Oyley and Mant. That Publication, indeed, has made this the less necessary ; but as my Notes were in general written before the corresponding Numbers in that Work appeared, the two Publications will not materially clash : and in these momentous times, when the wars upon the earth have carried off probably more than six millions of its inhabitants within the last twenty-five years, and when God's visitations may be extended to other lands which shall not take warning and reform, nothing should be suppressed which can make the Scriptures better understood, or advance the practice of religious duties. With an anxious, but humble hope, that this work may in some small degree have that effect, it is offered to the consideration of the Public.

The Common Chronology is here adopted, without referring to Dr. Hales, because, much as Dr. Hales and his valuable work are intitled to respect, it would have been raising questions which it is beyond the


of this work to discuss.

Printed by A. Strahan,

Printers-Street, London,

Genesis is one of the Five Books of Moses, and contains a short account of the creation, and of the first

ages of the world, to within 60 or 70 years of the birth of Moses.

Night: and the evening and the morning

were the first day. 6. And God said, N the beginning (a) God (6) created the “ Let there be a firmament (e) in the

2. And the " midst of the waters, and let it divide arth was without form, and void (c); and or the waters from the waters." larkness was upon the face of the deep : God made the firmament, and divided the ind the Spirit (d) of God moved upon the waters which were under the firmament, ace of the waters. 3. And God said, from the waters which were above the • Let there be light :” and there was firmament: and it was so. 8. And God ight. 4. And God saw the light, that called the firmament, Heaven: and the it was good : and God divided the light evening and the morning were the sefrom the darkness. 5. And God called cond day. 9. And God said, “ Let the he light, Day; and the darkness he called, “ waters under the heaven be gathered

7. And

irth 4004.


(a) v. 1. “In the beginning.” Before Christ's (6) v. I. “ God.” The word here, and in »ther parts of this chapter translated “God,"! s a plural noun, and yet is followed by a verb ingular: so that Moses probably understood hat, under the term “ God,” more than one Existence or Being was included, and yet that hose Existences or Beings were so united, that hey might properly be considered as only one. God is a Spirit, John iv. 24., without flesh, or blood, or body, or any thing tangible, (see 1st of

39 articles) ; of infinite wisdom and goodless ; always knowing what is best, and always villing what is best. And as men only disagree vhen, from the imperfection of their nature, hey are not wise enough to know what is best, or not good enough to will it ; so, from the perfection of the Divine Nature, the Beings or Existences which partake of it, from always knowing what is best, and always willing it, nust necessarily in all instances be unanimous, or of one mind. Though each is capable of hinking for himself, judging for himself, and icting for himself, yet each must, from the onsummate perfection of their natures, come o the same conclusion with the others; and ipon every point on which there can be delideration or judgment, they must inevitably le one in mind. The doctrine, then, of our hurch,

“ that the Father is God, the Son God, and the Holy Ghost God, and yet

that they are not three Gods, but one God," nay easily be understood. Each is a distinct Existence or Being ; each capable of thinking, udging, and acting for himself; but each so perfect in wisdom and goodness, that whatever one thinks best all must think best ; whatever

one wills all must will : in no possible case can there be any difference between them, but in every possible case they must be " of one “ mind.” See 2 Hales, 815, 970, in notes, and for instances of the doctrine of a Trinity amongst pagans, see 3 Hales, 502 to 506. The concurrence of “the Son" in the work of the creation is repeatedly noticed in Scripture. In speaking of the Word” (which is described as having been made flesh, and having dwelt among us, John i. 14., meaning Jesus Christ), St. John says, “ all things were “ made by him, and without him was not any

thing made that was made." John i. 3. In Eph. iii. 9. God is spoken of as having.

created all things by Jesus Christ." It is said of him, in i Col. xvi, 17. by him were “ all things created that are in heaven, and “ that are in earth : all things were created “ by him, and for him : and he is before all

things, and by him all things consist.” And in Heb. i. 2., one of the distinctions of the Son is, by whom also he (i.e.God) made the worlds.

(c) v.2. void, " i. e, with nothing upon it, neither grass, herb, tree, or animal.

(d) v. 2. “The Spirit," i.e. as most divines suppose," the Holy Ghost." Judith, in her animated thanksgiving upon the death of Holofernes, about 640 years before the birth of

• Let all creatures serve thee, “ for thou spakest, and they were made ; thou didst send forth thy Spirit, and it created them." Judith xvi. 14. See also Prov. viii. 22 to 31. where Wisdom (personified) is described as having been with the Lord, when he appointed the foundation of the earth.

(e) v.6.7.8. 14. 15. 17. 20. “A firmament," rather " an expanse,' an open space."

Christ, says,

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